Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 18, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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VOLUME LXXXI Qa\eshmg Register-Mail A Better Nempaper GAU5BURG, ILLINOJS6T401 — MONDAY, JUNE 18, 1973 * Homo Paper of; 70 Communities Thunderstorms Tonight Low do Sunny Tuesday High 80-85 PRICE TEN CENTS Nixon - Brezhnev Talks Seek 'Peaceful Future' Soviet Protest Rally Summit Meeting Drawing Varied Protest Reactions WASHINGTON (UPI) - Leonid I. Brezhnev's visit drew protest reactions, today from musicians, dancers and fundamentalist Christians only hours after 8,000 to 10,000 Jews and Ukranian exiles decried the Soviet Communist leader. Leaders of the American Guild of Musical Artists said they would bring 5,000 persons to the State Department to protest, the. loss of jobs to touring Russian companies. Washington Monument The Rev. Carl Mclntyre said he would bring a "formidable following" to the Washington Monument to denounce trade agreements that Mclntyre said would cost U.S. taxpayers $250 billion. Sunday, while Brezhnev was at Camp David preparing for his visit with President Nixon, sympathetic congressmen joined Jews and Ukrainians in a demonstration at the U.S. Capitol and the White House ellipse. The keynote speaker was Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., who is sponsoring a measure to require the Soviet Union to allow free emigration of Jews in exchange for most favored nation status in trading with the United States. "When we talk of free trade," Jackson said, "let us also talk of .free people." and Robert Drinan, D-Mass., a Roman Catholic priest, joined Jackson. Statements were read from Sens. Jacob K. Javits, R- N.Y., Abraham Ribicoff, D- Conn., and Richard Schweiker, R-Pa. Free Emigration The Ukrainians said they supported the free emigration of Jews, but claimed that Ukrainians constitute 65 per cent of all persons undergoing mass arrests, secret and kangaroo" trials, illegal carcerations in psychiatric prisons and other severe punishment in the Soviet Union. Members of the militant Jewish Defense League occasionally interrupted the speeches with chanting and vowed "to do something" later at the Soviet Embassy, a few blocks north of . the White House. The block around the embassy, however, was cor doned off and about 200 young Jews - who attempted to ap proach the embassy area were checked by rabbis. Jacob Stein, head . of coalition of more than 20 Jewish groups who arranged the rally, referred to "the cry of despair of Jews in the Soviet Union" who must pay a high tax if they want to emigrate Police estimated Sunday's crowd at 8,000 persons, but organizers said there were 10,000 or more. WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev today began their long-planned summit conference, each pledging that the talks would improve the prospects lor world peace. "The chance for peace is infinitely increased," Nixon said during a formal welcoming ceremony on the South Lawn that combined military pomp Dollar Hits Record Low On Market LONDON (UPI) - With concern running high over the Watergate scandal, the dollar slumped to record lows in Frankfurt and Amsterdam in eariy trading today and lost ground on other European markets. Gold prices surged ahead. In Frankfurt, the dollar in '' dropped to 2.5550 marks by mid-rniorning as compared with Friday's closing rate of 2.5700, the previous record low there. with Brezhnev's own style of personal politics. Justify Hopes Brezhnev promised the weeklong conference would "justify the hopes of our people and serve the interests of a peaceful future for all mankind." The bushy-eyebrowed general secretary of the Soviet Communist party slipped away from Nixon as the two men were reviewing an honor guard of U.S. military forces to do a little handshaking reminiscent of a U.S. presidential campaign. Nixon predicted the conference would help "lift the burden of armaments from the world and build a structure of peace." American officials said the President is hoping for a "turning point" in the Soviet- American talks at Geneva on a treaty to limit offensive nuclear weapons. But there was no hope that such a treaty could be readied for signature before Brezhnev leaves the United States for a meeting in Paris with French President Georges Pompidou. Brezhnev, looking tanned and rested after a weekend at Nixon's Camp David retreat in the Catoctin Mountains of western Maryland, emerged from a black limousine and heartily shook Nixon's hand. The two men smiled and greeted each other as old friends and both referred to the agreements signed last year during Nixon's Moscow visit. Brezhnev said the Moscow summit laid "a good reliable foundation for relations of peace between our two countries." Nixon said the May, 1972, talks' "changed the relations between our two countries in a very profound way." Down 0.44 Per Cent Nixon Defense Expected WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon is expected to deifend himself from allegations of involvement in the cover-up of the Watergate affair by saying he was misinformed by his former chief deputies, news reports attributed to White House and other government sources said today. The Washington Post said in its morning editions it had been told by the sources the President no longer will broadly claim noninvolvement in the case, Instead, the reports said, Nixon will acknowledge mis judgments on his part and indicate they resulted from misinformation and unauthorized action by former Chief of Staff H.R. "Bob" Haldeman and former domestic affairs adviser John D. Ehrlichiman. The Post story, written by Pulitzer prize winners Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, said the strategy was designed to counter charges by John W. Dean III, the former White House counsel. Dean reportedly is ready to testify that Nixon. Haldeman and Ehrlichman knowingly participated in the coverup of Watergate and other illegal intelligence gathering operations, Dean becomes a witness at the televised Senate Watergate Committee hearings when they resume Tuesday morning. He was interviewed for five hours under oath by committee attorneys Saturday and was expected to repeat his testimony to a closed meeting of the seven - member committee today. ' 1 The dollar opened at 2.7200 guilders in Amsterdam, down 0.44 per cent from the previous low of 2.7320 guilders set at the close Friday. The dollar has declined by 14.24 per cent against the guilder since the Feb; 13 devaluation of the U.S. currency. Britain's Barclays Bank said today's $2.5850 against the pound was- one of the highest rates for the pound against the dollar since the $2.60 rate established when the pound was "floated" free of its fixed exchange rate in June last year. But it Was still above the record low of $2.5900 reached briefly last week. In Paris, where the dollar was weak, a dealer working for an American bank said he felt the dollar's continued weakness was due "to a lack of any good news coming out of America recently. There is a general pessimism about the American situation." Some bankers attributed the dollar woes to the latest developments in the Watergate case. The price of gold was pegged at $122 an ounce in the first of two daily price settings on the big London bullion market, up $L75 from Friday's close of $120.25. In Zurich, gold changed hands at $121-$123 an ounce, up *rom Friday's close of $119,50- i $121, Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 30 PAGES Abingdon 25 Hospital Notes 25 Amusement 6 Knoxville 25 Building 22 Markets - 24 Bushnell 10 Monmouth 21 Classified Ads -26-27-28-29 Obituary ... 15 Comics-Radio 20 Sports —18-19 Editorial 4 Weather 2 Galva 10 Women in the News ..8-9 A Challenge of Courage On June 18, 1972, Sunday newspapers—on their inside pages—reported a burglary at National Democratic Committee headquarters in the fashionable Watergate complex in Washington, D. C. In one year, Watergate has become synonymous with scandal, arrognance and corruption. Yet, despite the blackness, there is light, the light of courageous people who did their job, who faced the challenge of Watergate. In a 5-part series beginning today, Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Senior Editor. Ira Berkow focuses on these people, their motives and their beliefs. See page 12. Postage Hike Proposed, AirmailFuture Uncertain WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Postal Service probably will raise first class mail rates from 8 cents to 10 cents next January to meet increased labor costs. Postmaster General Elmer T. Klassen said Sunday that "in all likelihood" the Postal Service will ask the Postal Rate Commission in September for the increase. The increase would raise an additional $1 billion a year, Klassen said, and most of the sum would go to cover "very substantial wage increases" granted postal employes over the past few years. The Postmaster General said it was possible airmail would be abandoned in the future. He said this depended on negotiations with the airlines for guaranteed space. Klassen said special delivery was too costly, and inefficient at 60 cents. He said the customer was "not getting the kind of service he's entitled to have and we're losing money." "We ought to either charge him what it costs to do it or give it up," Klassen said. Maquon Crash Re-visited Just a little more than a year ago four Knox County men were killed in a train collision near Maquon. Despite recently-released findings of the National Transportation Safety Board, doubts linger in the minds of those close to the men who died in the crash. William Campbell writes about some of those doubts on page 2. Sour Note Joshua Mann, 2V2, of Scottsburg, Ind., takes a big bite out of an apple as he listens to the "Bean Blossom Bluegrass Festival," held in Bean Blossom, Ind. The event drew an estimated attendance of more than 10,000 persons last weekend.. Dean Says Facts Will Prove Truth Strong Current Blocks Navy Mini-Sub Rescue Mission was playing when the storm Storm Casually side down. He suffered a cut on the forehead and a swollen eye. Other occupants received cuts and bruises as well. A girl in another camper reportedly was blown through a window from the force of the wind. Storm story on page 2. (Register-Mail photo by lit turning the vehicle up- Dale Humphrey.) Floyd Anderson, fire chief in Sherrard, was one of several persons injured Saturday night when tornado-like winds overturned about nine camping trailers at the Crescent Lake campgrounds near Alpha. Anderson said he was playing cards with friends in a camper KEY BISCAYNE, Fla. (UPI) — The Navy, using its most sophisticated underwater res cue equipment, tried desperately today to rescue four men trapped in a research submarine 360 feet deep in the Atlantic before they could be overcome by carbon dioxide. A severe current kept a roving diving bell flown in from San Diego, Calif., away from the 21-foot sub which was caught in the wreckage of a scuttled World War II destroyer while studying fish life in the Florida Keys for the Smithsonian Institution. Situation Grave Describing the situation as "grave," the Navy sent the diving bell down a second time later in the morning, trying to catch a "slack" tide. The designer of the submarine, Edwin A. Link, whose son was one of the four crewmen aboard, had put a noon deadline on the men's survival because he said a chemical that absorbs carbon dioxide would be exhausted by then. The two men in the rear compartment of two-chamber |johnson-Sca-Link apparently were unconscious. They were believed to be Link's son, Clayton, 31, of Binghamton, N.Y., and Dr. Robert Meek, 27, an ichthyologist from Santa Barbara, Calif. Men Unconscious The crewmen in the front or glass viewing chamber — apparently the pilot of the craft, Archibald "Jock" Men- zics of Vero Beach, Fla., and Al Stover, 51, Juno Beach, Fla., a diver, said by radio they could see the other men and "they're still breathing, but they're not moving." They said they couldn't tell whether the men were unconscious or resting. The four divers aboard the diving bell, Navy spokesmen said, had several alternatives on reaching the sub. They carried cable cutters and underwater torches for use in trying to free the craft and scuba equipment to give to the trapped men if they decided to leave the sub. First Attempt Capt. Jeffrey McVey, chief of staff of the Key West naval base, said after the first attempt of the bell that the situation was "grave, but as far as I know all of the men are alive." Rear Adm. John II. Maurer, base commandant, had said earlier that the men in the rear compartment "may already be in a comatose state. We have to be optimistic, but time is working against us," he said. "On the plus side, the most sophisticated equipment we could be using is being used." WASHINGTON (UPI) Ousted White House Counsel John W. Dean III has "the documents, papers" he ex changed with President Nixon hat will authenticate his testimony before the Senate Watergate committee, Dean was reported today as saying in an interview. "I think they will believe me because I've got the facts —and the documents, papers the President sent to me and papers I sent to him," Dean said in an interview with Mary McGrory of the Washington Star-News. Dean was going before the Senate committee in private session this afternoon in final preparation for his appearance at the public, nationally televised hearings Tuesday. He reportedly was ready to testify that he had 35 to 40 contacts with Nixon this year before he was fired April 30. Some sources have said that at least some of the conversations were about the Watergate scandal. Former White House Special Counsel Charles W. Colson, however, said that Dean saw Nixon only a few times before Colson left the White House in mid-February, and that ho doubts Dean saw him frequently after that. Astronauts Set Endurance Mark HOUSTON (UPI) - Skylab's healthy and spirited astronauts passed Russia's space endurance record of 24 days today and wished the Soviet cosmonauts good luck in the future. Charles "Pete" Conrad, Joseph P. Kerwin and Paul J. Weitz aimed toward the four- week mark with a splashdown Friday. They established the new record ah 3:22 a.m, EOT while the space station crossed Africa on its 500th orbit. The pilots swept into their 25th day of flight at 9 a. rn. as they went busily about their last full day of space research. "We're homing hi on the end of tiho mission," said flight director Neil Hutchinson. In a morning telecast trans- •matted to mission control, Kerwin reported, "We've been remarkably free from illness on this flight." Hi) is America's first space physician. Ground communicator Henry Hartsfk'id advised the astronauts when they pasted th# endurance record ana S&14 they were the new "world 's champs for longest space flight," 1

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