^f^.-: *Â·;' W l ^$f^yÂ£"^*$^Â®U l 'X p .^^^^^^ ';. ^ Â·Â· * ' , ' v Â· ^ * \] *$' ' ^ ' Â· J ";\ *""(,' l Â»5 *""* N, ' ' s ' ' Â· Â· THE OOBHOOTOH ACffi. FRIDAY. JANUARY 11, 1895. "TOMB AND TEMPLE." B*v. Dr. Talmaffe Diooourae* OB Famous Taj Ma.im.1. Tk* MOM Wonderfal Sepolchcr !Â· All th* Â·- Modern World--A Poeia in Stan* Â«bU-b Co*t Klxty Million lMUarÂ»- Th* TvmpU Â·f Elephanta. la continuing his aerie* of Round the World sermons through the pret*. Kev. Dr. Talinage last Sunday chose for his subject "Tomb and Temple," having reference to that most famous and beautiful of mausoleums, the Taj Mahal. The text selected was "Frotn India even unto Ethiopia." Esther L, 1: In all the Bible this is the only book in which the word India occurs, but it stands for a realm of vast interest in the time of Esther as in our time. It yielded then as now spices, and silks, and cotton, and rice, and indigo, and ores of all richness, and precious- stones of all sparkle, and had a civili- / zation of its own as marked as Egyptian or Grecian or Roman civilization. It holds the costliest tomb ever built and the most unique and wonderful Â· idolatrous temple ever opened. For practical lessons, in this my sixth discourse in " 'Round the World" series, I show you that tomb and temple of India. In a journey around the world it may not be easy to tell the exact point which divides the pilgrimage into halves. But there-was one structure toward which we were all the time traveling-, and having seen that, we felt that if we saw nothing more our exp sdition would be a success. That one object was the Taj Mahal of India. It is the crown of the whole earth. The spirits of architecture met to enthrone a king, and the spirit of the Parthenon of Athens was there; and the spirit of St. Sophia of Constantinople was there; and the spirit of St. Izaak of St. Petersburg was there; and the spirit of the Baptistery of Pisa was there; and the spirits of the Great Pyramid and of Luxor Obelisk, and of the Porcelain Tower of Isankin, and of St. Mark's of Venice; and the spirits of all the great towers, great cathedrals, great mausoleums, great carcophagfi, great eapilols for the living, and great necropolises for the dead were there. And the presiding genius of the throng, with gavel of Parian marble, Â·mote the table of Russian malachite and called the throng of spirits to order, and called for a vote as to which Â·pirit should wear the chief crown and mount the chief throne, and wave the ehief scepter, and by unanimous ac- Â·laim the cry was: "Long live the spirit of the Taj, king of all the spirits of architecture! Thine is the Taj Mahal of India!" The building is about six miles from Agra, and as we rode out in the early dawn we heard nothing hut the hoofs and wheels .that pulled and turned us along the road, at every yard of which our expectation rose until we had some thought that we might be disappointed at the .first glimpse, as some Â·ay they were disappointed. But how can any one be disappointed with the Taj is almost as great a wonder to me as the Taj itself. There are some people always disappointed, and who knows that having entered Heaven they may criticise the architecture of the temple, and the cut of the white robes, and say that the River of Life is not quite up to their expectations, and that the white horses on which the conquerors ride seem a little spring-halt or spavined! * "My son said: "There it is!" I said: "Where''" For that which he saw to be the bull hug seemed to me to be more like the morning cloud blushing under the star of the rising sun. It seemed not so much built up from the earth as let down from heaven. Fortunately, you stop at an elaborated gateway of red bamtstone one-eighth of a mile from the Taj, an entrance so high, so arched, so graceful, so four- domed, so painted, and chiseled, and scrolled that you come very gradually upon the Taj, which structure is enough to the intoxicate eye, and stun the imagination, and entrance the soul. We get up the winding stairs of this majestic entrance of the gateway, and buy a few pictures and examine a few curios, and from it look oil upon the Taj, and descend to the pavement of the garden that raptures everything between the gateway and the ecstasy of marble and precious stones. You pass along a deep stream of water in Â·which all manner of brilliant fins swirl and float. There are eighty-four fountains that spout, and bend, and arch themselves to fall in showers of pearl in basins of snowy whiteness. Be Is of all imaginable flora greet the nostril before they do the eye, anil seem to roll in waves of color as you advance towards the vision vou are soon to have of what human genius did when it did its beÂ»t; moon flowers, lilacs, marigolds, tulips, and almost everywhere the lotus; thickets of bewildering bloom; on either side trees from many lands bend their aborescence over your head, or seem with convoluted branches to reach out their arms towards you in welcome. On and on you go amid tamarind, and cypress, and poplar, and oleander, and yew, and sycamore, and banyan, and palm, and trees of such novel branch and leaf, and girth, you cease to ask tlieir name or nativity. As you approach the door of the Taj one experiences a strange sensation of awe, and tenderness, and h u m i l i t y , - and worship. The building is only a grave, but what a grave! B u i l t for a Â· queen, who, accordng to som, was very good, and according to others was very bad. I choose to t h m k she was very good. At any rate, it makes me feel bettor to think that this commemorative pile was set up for thi- immoral tization of virtue rather t h a n vice. The Taj is a monument of w n i t e marble, but never such walls faced each other with exquisitcness: never such a tomb waa cut from block of nlahastcr; never such a congregation of precious Â·tones brighti-ned, and gloomed and blazed and chastened, and glorified, a building since sculptor's cVist cut Ht first curve, or painter's pencil traced it* 6rst figure, or mason s plurnb-hne measured its first wall, or architect's eompjiss swept its first circle. A queen's royal tomb. Th* Taj has sixteen great arched windows, fonr at each corner. Also at each of the four corners of the Taj stands a minaret 137 feet high. Also at each side of this building is a splendid mosqaÂ« of red sandstone. Two hundred and fifty years has the TÂ«j stood, and yet not a wall is - cracke4- not * aaosaie loosened, nor an arch Â· pMÂ»l taUÂ«l. ThÂ« storm* of 350 winter* have not marred, nor the heats of 250 summers disintegrated a marble. There U no story of age written by mosses on its white surface. Montaz, the queen, was ueautiful, and Shah Jehan, the king 1 , here proposed to let all the centuries of time know it. She was married at twenty years of age and dUjd at twenty-nine. Uer life ended as another life began; as the rose bloomed the rose bud perished. To adorn thU dormitory of the dead, at the command of the king. Bagdad sent to this building its cornelian, and Ceylon its lapis lazuli, and Punjab its jasper, and Persia itt uuiethyst, and Thibet its turquoise, and Lanka its sapphire, and Vetuen its agate, and Puntih its diamonds; and bloodstones, and sardonyx, and chalcedony, and moss agates are as common as though they were pebbles. Vou find one spray of vine beset with eighty, and another with one hundred stones. Twenty thousand men were twenty years in building it, and although the labor xvas slave labor, and not pmid for, the building cost what would be about 860,000,000 of our American money. Some of the jewels have been picked out of the wall by iconoclasts or conquerors, and substitutes of less value have taken their places; but the vines, the traceries, the arabesques, the spandrels, the entablatures are so wondrous that you feel like dating the rest of your life from the day you first saw them. In letters of black marble the whole of the Koran is spelled out in and on this august pile. The king sleeps in the tomb beside- the queen, although he intended to build a palace as black as this was white on the opposite side of the river for himself to aleep in. Indeed, the foundation of such a necropolis of black marble is still there, and from the white to the black temple of the dead a bridge was to cross; but the son dethroned him and imprisoned him, and it is wonderful that the king had any place at all in which to be buried. Instead of windows to let in the light upon the two tombs, there is a trellis- work of marble, cut so delicately thin that the sun shines through it as easily as through glass. Look the world over over and find so much trans- Iucenc3*. canopies, traceries, lace-work, embroideries of stone. We had heard of the wonderful resonance of this Taj, and so I tried it. I suppose there are more sleeping echoes in that building waiting to be wakened by the human voice than in any building ever constructed. I uttered one word, and there seemed descending invisible choirs in full chant, and there was a reverb sration that kept on long after one would have expected it to cease. When a line of a hymn was sung there were replying," rolling, rising, falling, interweaving sounds that seemed modulated by beings seraphic. There, were aerial sopranos and bassos, soft, high, deep, tremulous, emotional, commingling. It was like an antiphonal of Heaven. But there are four or five Taj Mahals. It has one appearance at sunrise, another at noon, another at sunset, and another by moonlight. Indeed, the silver trowel of the moon, and the golden trowel of the sunlight, and the leaden trowel of the storm build and rebuild the glory, so that it never seems twice alike. It has all moods, all complexions, all grandeurs. The Taj is the pride of India, and especially of Mohammedanism. An English officer at the fortress told us that when during the general mutiny in 1857 the Mohammedans proposed insurrection at Agra, the English government aimed the guns of the fort at the Taj and said: "You make insurrection, and that same day we will blow your Taj to atoms," and that threat ended the disposition for mutiny at Agra. From the top of the Taj, which is 250 feet high, springs a spire thirty feet higher and that is enameled gold. What an anthem in eternal rhythm! Lyrics and elegies in marble. Sculptured hosanna! Masonry as of supernatural hands! Mighty doxology in stone! I shall see nothing to equal it till I see the great Â·white throne, and on it Him from whose face the earth and heavens flee away. But I thought while looking at that palace for the dead, all this constructed to cover a handful of dust, but even that handful has probably gone from the mausoleum. How much better it Â·would have been to expend sixty millions of dollars which the Taj Mahal cost, for the living. What asylums it it might have built for the sick, what houses for the homeless! What improvements our century has made upon other centuries in lifting in honor of the departed memorial churches, memorial hospitals, memorial reading rooms, memorial observatories. By all possible means let us keep the memorv of departed loved ones fresh in mind, and let there be an appropriate headstone or monument in the cemetery, but there i* a. dividing line between reasonable commemoration, and wicked extravagance. The Taj Mahal has its uses as an architectural achievement, eclipsing nil other architecture, but as a memoiial of ~". departed wife and mother it expresses no more than the plainest slab in many a country graveyard. The best monument we can any of us have built for us when we are gone is in the memory of those whose sorrows we have alleviated, in the wounds we have healed, in the kindnesses we have done, in the ignorance we have enlightened, in the recreant we have reclaimed, in the souls we have .saved! Such a monument is, built out of material more lasting than marble or bronze, and will stand amid the eternal splendors long after the Taj Mahal of India shall have gone down in the ruins of a world of which it was the costliest adornment. But I promised to show you not only a tomb o) India, b u t a unique heathen temple and it is a temple under ground. With miner's candle we had seen something of the undeteide of Australia, as at Gimple; and with guide's torch we, had seen at different time" something of the underside of America, as in Mammoth Cave; but we are now to enter one of tht; sacred cellars of India, commonly called the Klephanta Caves. We had it all to ourselves, the steam yacht that was to take us about fifteen miles over the harbor of Bombay, and between enchanted islands, and along shores whose curves, and gulches, and pictured rocks gradually prepared'the mind for appreciation of the most unique *pectaelÂ« in India. The morning had been full of thunder and lightning and deluge, but the atmotrpheric agitations had ceased, and the cloudy ruins of the storm werÂ« i piled np in thÂ« heavens, huge onougb to make the skie* as gnnAly picturesque as the earthly scenery amid which we BDored. After M hour's cutting through the water* wÂ« came totne pier reaching from the island called Elephanta. It is an island Muxall of girth, but 000 feet high, it decline* into the marshes of uidngroro. But the whole island is one tangle of foliage and verdure: convolvulus creeping; the ground; mosses climbing the rocks; rines sleeving the long arms of the trees; red flowers here and there in the woods, like incendiary's trying to set the groves on fire; cactus and acacia rying as to which can most charm thÂ« beholder; tropical bird meeting parti- colored butterfly in jungles planted the same^tummer the world was born, We stepped out of the boat amid enough natives to afford all the help we Btfttded for landing and guidance. You can be carried by coolies iu an easy chair, or you can walk, if you ure blessed with two stout limbs, which the Psalmist evidently lacked, or he would not have eo deprciuted them, when he said: "The Lord taketh no pleasure in the legs of man." We passed up some stone steps, and between the walls we saw awaiting us a cobra, one of those snakes which greet the traveler oftimes in India. Two ol the guides left the cobra dead by the wayside. They must have been Mo- hammedans, for Hindoos never kill that sacred reptile. And now wg come near the famous temple hewn from the rock of porphyry at least eight hundred years ago. On either side of the chief temple is a chapel, these cut out of the same stone. So vast was the undertaking, and to the Hindoo was so great the human, impossibility that they say the gods scooped out this structure from the rock and carved the pillars,-and hewed its shape into gigantic idols, and dedicated it to all the grandeurs. We climb many stone Steps before we get to the gateways. The entrance to this temple has sculptured doorkeepers leaning on sculptured devils. lion strange!- But I have seen doorkeepers of churches and auditoriums whc seemed to be leaning on the demons ol bad ventilation and asphyxia. Doorkeepers ouÂ«rht to be leaning on the angels of health, and comfort and life. All the sextous and janitors of earth who have spoiled sermons and lecture! and poisoned the lungs of audiences by inefficiency ought to visit this cave of Elephanta and beware of what those doorkeepers are doing, when, instead of leaning on the angelic, they leau or the demoniac. In these Elephanta Caves everything is on a Samsoniau and Titanian scale. iVith chisels that were dropped from nerveless hands at least eight centuries ago, the forms of the gods,' Brahms and Vishnu and Siva, were cut into the everlasting rock. Siva is here represented by a figure sixteen feet nine inches high, one-half man one-half woman. Run a line from the center oi the forehead straight to the floor ol the rock, and you divide this idol into masculine and feminine. Admired as this idol is by many, it was to me about the worst thing that was evei cut into porphyry, perhaps because there is hardly anything on earth sc objectionable as being half man and half woman -Man is admirable and woman is admirable, but either in flesh or trap rock a compromise of the twc is hideous. Save us from effeminate men and masculine women. Yonder is the King Havana worshiping Yonder is the sculptured representation of the-marriage of Shiva and Parhiti. Yonder is Daksha, the son ol Brahma, born from the thumb of his right hand. He had sixty daughters. Seventeen of those daughters were married to Kasyapa and became the mothers of the human race. Yonder is a god with three heads. The center god has crown wounds with necklaces of skulls. The right hand god is in a paroxysm of rage, with forehead ol snakes, and in its hand is a cobra. The left hand god has pleasure in all its features, and the hand has a flower. But there are gbds and goddesses in all directions. The chief temple of this rock is one hundred and thirty feet square and has twenty-six pillars rising to the roof. After the conquerors of other lands, and the tourists from all lands have chipped, and defaced, and blasted, and carried away curios and mementos foi museums and homos, there are enough entrancements left to detain one unless he is cautious, until he is down with some of the malarias which encompass this island, or get bitten with some ol its snakes. Yes, I fe It the chilly dampness of the place, and left this congreHS of gods, this pandemonium of demons, this pantheon of indifferent deities, and came to the steps and looked of) upon the waters which rolled and flashed around the steam yacht thai was waiting to return -with us to Bombay.. ! As we stepped aboard, our mindÂ» filled with the idols of the Elephanta Caves, I was impressed as never before with the thought that m a n must have a religion of some kind, even if he hai to contrive one himself and he znusl nave a god, even though he make ft with his own hand. I rejoice to know the day will come when the one God ol the universe will be acknowledged throughout India. That evening on our return to Bombay I visited the Young Men's Christian Association with the same appointments that you find in the Young Men's Christian Associations of Europe and America, and the night after that I addressed a throng of native children who are in the schools of the Christian missions. Christian universities gather under their wing of benediction a host of young men of this country. Bombay and Calcutta, the two great commercial cities of India, feel the elevating power of an aggressive Christianity. Episcopalian liturgy and Presbyterian Westminster catechism, and Methodist anxious sea, and Baptist waters of consecration now stand where onco basest idolatries had undisputed sway. The work which shoemaker Carey inaugurated at Serampore, India, translating the Bible into forty different dialects and leaving his worn out body amid the natives whom he had come to save, and going up into the heatvens, from which he can belter watch all the field--that work will be completed in the salvation of the millions ol India; and beside h i m , gazing from thÂ« same high places stand Bishop Heber, and Alexander Duff, and John Scudder, and Mackay, who ffell at Dtfthi, and i Moncrieff. who fell at Cawnpore, and ' Polehampton, who fell at Lucknow, Â· and B'reeman, who fell at Futtyghnr, j and all heroes and heroines who. foi | God's sake, lived 'and died for tht, Christian}nation of India; and their heaven will not be somplete until tht Ganges that washes the Ghat* oi heathen templet shall roll between ehnrchet of th* Hriaf Ood. Md tot trampled womanhood of HindooUm Khali Have all the rights purchased by Him. who auiid the outs and stabs ol His own assassination, cried out: "Behold thy mother!" and from Bengal bay to Arabian ocean, and from thÂ« Himalayas to the coast of Coromiuidel. there be lifted hoauuos to Him who died to redeem all nations. In that day Eleptiauta Cave will be one ol thÂ« places where idols are "uust to thÂ« moles and bats." If any clergyman asks me, as an unbelieving minister of religion one* asked the Duke of Wellington, "Do you not think that the work of converting the Hindoos is all a pruot k-ul farce?" 1 answer him as Wellington amÂ»wered the unbelieving minister: "Look tc your marching orders, sir!" Or if uny one haviug joined iu the gospel attack feels like retreating, 1 say to him, at Gen. Uavelock said to a retreating regiment: "The enemy aro in front, not in the rear," and leading them again iutc the tight, though two horses had been shot under him. Indeed, the taking of this world foi Christ will be no holiday celebration, but as tremendous as when in India during the mutiny of 1S57. a fortress manned by Sepoysrwas to be captured by Sir Colin Campbell and the army ol Britain. The Sepoys hurled upon the attacking column burning missiles, and grenades, and fired on them with shot and shell, and poured on them from the ramparts burning oil, until a writer who witnessed it says: "It was a pic 1 ture of pandemonium." Then Sir Colin addressed his troops, saying: "Kemem ber the women and children must be rescued!" and his men replied: "Ayl Ay! Sir Colin! We stood by you at Balaklava, and will stand by you here!' And then came the triumphant assault of the battlements. So in this gospel campaign which proposes capturing tho very last citadel of idolatry and sin, and hoisting OTOI it the banner of the cross, we may have hurled upon us mighty opposition and scorn, and obloquy, and many may fall before the work is done, yet at every call for new onset, let the cry ol the church be "Ay! Ay! great Captain of our salvation; we stood by Thee in other conflicts, and we will stand by Thee to the last!" And then, if not in this world, then from the battlements of the next, as the last Appolyonic fortification shall crash into ruin, we xvill join in the shout: "Thanks be unto God who giv- eth us the victory!" "Hallelujah! for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth." THE SUNDAY SCHOOL. IÂ»t*rÂ«Â»tlonml Lv*non for Junnnrr IS, 180S --F*cdlac thv t Ira Thonuind -- Mark Â«:3O-44. [Specially Arranged from Peloubet Â» Notes 1 OOMIEN T E X T -- H e Iruh Illled tho huncry with good things -- Lii j I 53 T I M E -- April A. D 2'J Immediately following the last lesson, and Just before tho Passover (John 0 4), which that year bet,"*i April 10. PLACE.--The plain of ISut.ilha. belonging to Bethsuid.i (Luke 9.10). a Â· desert:" I c . tin uncultivated, uninhabited plucii. a short distance southeast of Bothsaldn, on the northeast shore of the Sea of C.illlue Bcthsalda was a double town, situated on either nlae of the Jordan at ttÂ« entrance Into the sea, ' Tho plain of Butal- ha forms a triangle, of which tho eastern mountain!, make one side, and tho river bank Â»nd the lake shore tho other two It was at the southeastern angle of this plain, where the hills come down cloie to tho shore, that Thomson places the site of tho feeding of the flve thousand."--Andrews RULERS.-- Tiberius CiÂ»nar. emperor of Rome (sixteenth year). Pontius PHato, governor of Judea (third year); Herod Antlpas, of Qullleo ttnd Perea (thirty-third year), Herod Philip, of rrachonitls. etc (thirty-third year) LESSON NOTK-5. The Missionaries' Report.--V. 30. A few weeks before the martyrdom of John the Baptist, Jesus had sent out His disciples among tho villages of Galilee, lie Himself going also (Mark 6:12, 13; Matt. 11:1). They went everywhere, preaching 1 the Gospel and healing the sick, apparently with great success. But when the news of the death of John reached them, they seem to have been overwhelmed, and "gathered themselves tog-ether unto Jesus," probably at His usual center of work, Capernaum, Jesus and His Disciples Retire from Herod's Dominion.--Vs. 31, 33. V. 31. "Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place;" not a b.'irrcn, sandy place, but ono uninhabited, wild pasture or woodland. Thrro were two chief reasons for this course. The first, given by Matthew (14:13), was on account of the news of John's death. In tho excitement Herod might seek to imprison or murder Jesus and Ills disciples, who were equally with John opposed to Herod's crimes. And there was danger of a political revolt, which wascntirely contrary to the plans and purposes of Jesus, but which might center around His person. The second reason Is hero given. "And rest awhile" after their severe labors and excited interest on account of John. They could not rest at Capernaum, for in these exciting times "there were many coming and going" perhaps nnxious to know what course Jesus would take. Great Multitudes Follow Him.--V.33. "The people saw tliTn departing," and knew by the direction the boat took toward what part of the lake they were going Some recognized them and reported to others. "Ran-afoot," that is by land, in contrast with the disciples in the boat. This was doubtless early in the morning. "Out of all cities," such us Capernaum, Cho- razin and I'cthsaidn. They ran round by the head of the lake, taking one ol the fords of tho river, ho as to meet Jesus, who was crossing with the twelve by ship Jesus Teachoi the Multitude and Heals the bitk --'it. "Jesus was moved w i t h compassion toward them." The crowds were Ignorant, restless, sinful They had brought also their sick, v.ho were but a living parable of their ;,piritual state. WYary and troubled as Jesus was, Ills heart could not let the multitudes go without help, for "thry were as sheep not having a shephrr.l " They were destitute of teachers to feed, to guide, to protect, in a word, to shepherd them. Jesus C'ommun" with His Disciples. --From John ('' ) i Â«e learn that Jesus did not spend J i l l His time with the multitudes, b u t m n t u p o n t h e mountain sido, nnd wit with His disciples, the usual posture of teaching. Here they could rest and talk over their evangelizing tour, their plans, their successes, their mistakes, and receive the instruction they would soon need as to the true way of preaching the Gospel to the world, and as to the Gospel they should preach. The Hungering Multitude*. --^89. "When the day WAS now far spent:" The first evening (Matt. 14:1.1) had come, which began at three o'clock. "The disciples came unto Ulna." The fuller conversation is given In John. 8Â«. "Send them away . . bay themselves:" and had no homes, but must buy their food. They must go soon, or it would be too lute. 37. "Give ye them to e*te" This Jesus said to prove them (John), whether they had so much faith in Him as the Messiah as to believe that He could supply the multitude with food. They found a small boy (John), who had "five, and two fishes." The Greek apsariou is a diminutive; it properly means what was eaten along with the bread, and specially refers to the small and generally dried or pickled fish eaten with bread, 39. "And He commanded them to make all bit down:" or recline, as in the Greek, the customary posture for eating. There were five thousand men. besides women and children. 41. "Gave them to His disciples to set before them:" gtivo is in a tense which describes a continuous repeated action. The pieces grow under His touch, and the disciples always found Uis hands full when they come buck with their own empty. 42. "And were filled:" No one went away hungry. Gathered Up the Fragments.--43. "And they took up twelve baskets:" All four accounts have tho same word for basket, cophinus, 1. e., the wallet which every Jew carried when on a journey, to keep himself Independent of Gentile food, which would be unclean. LESSONS rOH TO-DA.T. These people gathered in crowds around Jesus from various motives, but He taught them and helped them. We should preach the gospel to everyone, no matter with what motives they come to hear. Our duties and our privileges are not measured by what wo can do of ourselves, but by what God is willing to do through us. We cannot turn the machinery of the factory, but we can let the water on to the wheel. We cannot push the steamship across the ocean, but we can let on the steam for the engine to do it. SMALL GREENHOUSES. Oow to Heat Them SiicceMfully knd EoÂ»- nomlonll.T with Oil. The plan submitted herewith is given aÂ» a suggestion for those whose greenhouses are exceedingly small; perhaps, indeed, being but a glass room built on to the side of the dwelling house. It is well demonstrated, we think, that the heatiug of suoh plant rooms with oil stoves is entirely practicable. It remains then only to find the best method for utilizing all tho heat produced by these little Â»toveÂ», nnd for distributing it evenly to all-parts of the room. The plan here figured calls for a brickwork inclosure for the oil Â«tove, with a sheet-iron tank placed on top of it, iu which the air is heated, though the lamp inclosure and the tatik may be both of sheet iron, if desired. The hot-air tank has a shelf for a broad water pan, over which the heated air must pass to reach the Inclined hot-air pipe that runs beneath tho benches. OIL 11KATINO AKHANOEMENT. This pipe has small openings at regular intervals, through which the hot air escapes. An opening at the bottom of the tank admits the cooler air farther below the benches, which is heated and carried up the pipe to be distributed again. A small pipe passes from the lamp chamber up through the hot-air tank and up through the roof, so that no odor of combustion of kerosene oil romains iu the greenhouse. The tank and pipes can be had at small cost of any tinsmith. The size, and whether more than one such heating apparatus shall bp used, depends upon tho size of tho room to be heatod and tho degree of cold experienced in winter. It will probably be advisable to have an apparatus of this sort at each side, so that each of the side benches may have a pipe beneath it. Only a hurh-grade oil should bo used, and the inclosure around the lamp should bo secure. Of course, there must bo a small opening at the bottom of the lamp chamber to admit sufficient air for combustion.--W. Donnell. In American Gardening. FOREST PRESERVATION. How to Increase the Value of WoÂ»cl LÂ«tÂ» Already In Kxlitenon. In order to Improve our existing wood lots, anil cause them to bo Increasing in value, it Is only necessary to keep up a constant succession of youn^-, thrifty trees of the best rari- ct es. We can do this easily and cheaply by observing certain conditions. Of theso the first and most "ssential la to allow no stock to run in our wood lots for the purpose of pasturage. This must bo an inflexible rule. If we desire a good crop of corn wo do not use the fleld w h e r e the crop is growing for a pasture. Somehow or other the average farmer seems to t h i n k that the little food h i n cattle can obtain by browsing through his woods is so much clear gain. This is a sad miscalculation, borne land can bo profltably used for pasture. Some can be profitably devoted to tree*. But pasture acd woodland cannot occupy the name area. It must be either the ono or the other, or else it is a mere apology for each. Every farmer realizes that unoccupied ground in hia cornfield diminishes the proBt of his crop. Oo dislikes to see vacant spaces even though the missing h i l l s be few In number. A crop of timothy, however, is not so-regarded. Usually'less than half, often a very much smaller portion, of land called "woods" is actually occupied by trees. Theso vacant places should be filled and all of tho land utilized. This can be quickly done by breaking tho ground with a plow, a strong harrovr or cultivator, and scattering thereon the seeds of the ash, white oak. chestnut, walnut, hickory, and those of other valuable upecies. Tho young trees should stand thlckon the ground, and then they will grow tall and straight, forming trunks Instead of branches. All Inferior varieties and deformed specimens should be cut onv --Prof W. R. Lazenlj, in Ohio Farmer. kitchen or green-house. If they fail to sprout promptly, or to irive strong plants, throw them away. Also throw *way all seeds, no matter how fresh, if you are iu doubt about the variety. Make out a list of all good s*ods on hand, and another one of seeds needed for next season. Then rnaka out your orders and send at once to your favorite seedsman, or the one whom you think will do best by you. Always order early, to be sure of having the seeds on hand when you want to plant them. Amateurs want variety; market gardeners plant mostly of the standard sorts most popular in their market*.--American Gardening. For Mulohlnjr 8tÂ»wberrlÂ«. Corn stalks out to one or one and a half inches In length serve a (rood our- npso for mulching strawberry planta, as it is only necessary to have n. covering of one thickness of stalks to make a good protection. Theso small pieces of stalks may bo placed closely around the plant by tho use of a common fleld rake, whereas with straw, hay or uncut btalks the covering must be done by hand, which is a tedious operation. After fruiting the cut stalks can readily be hoed' in the soil about the plants, which is not the case with hay, straw and long stuff. APPLES have been known to keep under water for two vears. Tht* Indltknft of Maine. Maine's two Indian tribes, the Penob- scots and the Passanmquoddys, wear the dress of the whites and, for thÂ« most part, have adopted their ways of living. But the nomadic spirit is still strong within them, and the summer finds parties camped at the various Maine watering places, making and soiling beaded puvses and woven, gras* and basket-work trinkets, while the squaws turn many n silver piece by telling fortunes. In some wood lot, where the ash tree that supplies them with working material is plentiful, they sometimes build their camps of logs and saplings, roofed with bark or shingles and well climbed with moss. There is a feeling among owners of forest lands in Maine that the Indians, as first proprietors, have a claim to reside in the wilderness wherever they chooso, and, as they are peaceable and do little damage to valuable forest growth, permission to occupy a piece of woodland is seldom refused them.-N. Y. Sun. MOMOT1ON IN THE NAVY. Bvyoad Captata's lUuk th* AgÂ» Â«t Qatoklr Ctosn the Way. A young lady whb was in a uttrry to take a train, and wanted to buy a small shopping bag, walked into a -wholesale establishment by mistake. "Will you show me a bagv please?" she began; but the clerk interrupted her politely. "We sell nothing at retail," he said. "I could only let you have bags by thÂ« quantity." "Dear me! Not one bag?" "No, madam. I'm very sorry." "And I'm in such a hurry! Welll" She turned toward the door, and her eye was caught by a sample bag on the counter. "Ah," she exclaimed, "that's exactly the bag I want! Couldn't you sell m* ihe twelfth of a dozen?" She got her baff.--Youth's Companion. the A Farcotton Factor. Cook--I wonder where the "missus goes so often? Second Girl -- She's attendln Emancipated Women's league. , Cook--nun! If she thinks nhe's goln* to git herself emancipated from me, fihe'll find herself mistaken.--N. Y. Weekly. No Morn IntArrfft, In ft. "What made Radio Tllllnghast resign from the woman's miffrage league? She wan one of the most earnest members." "Yes, T know; but she seemed to lose all Interest In the cauno after Joe Olbbs proposed. They are to be married in a couple of months."--Judge. TliÂ» Kind of Oan He Meant. Woodbee Buyer--T thought yon said these lots v/ers within gunshot of the depot. Real ISstatp Agent--So they are; those new dynnmltp R-uns, you know, can shoot a distance of twenty miles or more.--N. Y. World. There used to be a good deal of talk about the top-heaviness of th* Uoit*d States navy, but the navy has nowaday* * less Chan a score ol officers above th* rank of captain, and few men remai* long as either commodores or rear admiral*. When Commodore Joseph Fyflto shall have been promoted and re* tired, the list ol rear admirals and commodores, as printed iu the navy register of January, 1894. will look absurdly antiquated. Admiral Gherardi heads the list at rear admirals in that publication and the name of John G-. Walter heads th* list of commodores. When Auting Bear Admirals Stauton and Erben shall havÂ» ' attained that full rank uud beea retired the whole active list of rÂ°ar admiral* as it stood Jan. 1, 1894, will ha.'e beea changed. Commodore Meade, who will talc* Erben'j place in the list of rear adrn'rals when the latter shall have been letired, will have boon about forty-four jejro ia the nary, and will have about four years more jf active service before retirement. The admirals retired during the last six months had served ia that rank frotu ono to nine years. The men immediately behind Meade are of near his ago, and few of them will be able to hold tlunr places long as commodores or admirals. Not 01^ of the admirals retired this yoar, and, of coarse, none of those who have taken or are to tako their places had higher rank than lieutenant oom- uiHuder during the civil war. Gherardi, Belknap, Beuham, Iiwin, Grear. Brown, Walker. Ramsay, Sherrett, Fyffe; Stanton. JErben, Meade and several of the younger commodores reached that rank in July, 1862. At the rut* promotions and retirements now move it will be but a little while when no man that was above a lieutenant in the nary of the civil war will be left on the uctiv* list. The age of compulsory retirement in tho navy is 62 years, two years earlier than in the army. Most of th* captains will, in the natural course of events, become rear admirals befor* they attain that ago. Some of th* commanders will not, unless promotion and retirement are hurried. Officers roach the rank of rear admiral somewhere between the agÂ«s of 56 and 60. The average must be near 68. Most of them are not rich, and when in good health they watch the approach of 62 with anything but pleasure. There are several methods of *Â·- cape into retirement for the officer who i* rich enough to seek suoh a luxury, or in such health that he prefer* not to go on ID active service. An officer may demand retirement after forty years' consecutive service, and under this provision all the men above the rank of captain could retire Â»t once. A rich man mny ask for a medical examination and be retired a* incapacitated for further sea service. In certain contingencies, when an officer i* not recommended for further promotion, ho may be retired, and promoted afttr retirement. Then there ia a peculiarly honorable retirement from incapacity resulting from long and faithful service or inin- - rics received in the conn* of duty. No specified number of years constitute* this "long" service, and men considerably leas Uian thirty years in the service have been thus retired. Rear Admiral Worden's retirement came on hi* own application after nearly fifty-three years' service, and it carried with it th* highest sea pay of hia grade. * Tricky Lion*. Some of the most dangerous trick* of animal** are those simulating kindnes*. save Pearson's. Weekly. Hyenas often follow lions and finish a carcass the moment the lions have loft it. Sometime*, however, the hyenas are too eager and eteul bits of meat while the lion* are still eating. Tho lion rids himself of the nuisance In tho following way: He throw* a piece of meat nmdo. When the lion 1* looking the other way the hyena dodge* in and rushes oil with the meat. Pre*- Giitly tho lion 1 1) rows another piece of meal, this time n little nearer. ThÂ« h j p n a lukcs that also. At last the lion throws a pi"co very near indeed. Th* hyena h a v i n g become reckless, makes* 'high itt Una alMi. but the lion -wheel* round and layn him low with a pat of II!H paw and a growl of annoyance. The World'4 Tribute to Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder Highest Honors Awarded by the World's Colum bian Exposition, Chicago, 1803 Exxm1nÂ« Ycrar fttoek of Examine your stock of *Â«ed*; throw ont all that are of doubtful utility. The vitality of Heed* Is soon ascer- by planting Â» *UUkM* 1* World's Fair HIGHEST MEDAL awarded to Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder The highest award was given on every claim, comprising superiority in leavening' power, keeping properties, purity and ' *ccilcnce. This verdict has been given by the best jury r vcr assembled for such a purpose, backed by the recommend.-Ji m of the Chief Chemist of the United States Department Agriculture, Washington, D. C., who made an elaborate examination and test of all the baking powders. This i . pro eminently the highest authority on such matters in America. This verdict conclusively settles the question and proves that Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder is superior in every way to any other brand. NOTE.--The Chief Chemut rejected the AImn baking powder* Â«UUtf *^ the World's Fair jury that h* consktered then *nwholeÂ»oÂ»*.
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