Chillicothe Morning Constitution from Chillicothe, Missouri on September 7, 1890 · Page 5
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Chillicothe Morning Constitution from Chillicothe, Missouri · Page 5

Chillicothe, Missouri
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 7, 1890
Page 5
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1 CHILLICQTHE. MO., SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER .7. 1890 PART SECOND Volume IV. No. 162.--New Series THE LADIES | PROTECTION AERAIGNER HOW IT ACTS AS A CORRUPTING! POWER IN ELECTIONS. Are especially invited to CALL and EXAMINE the stock and get prices on Grocery : Store --OF- EASE SOUTH LOCUST STREET, The finest line of LAMPS ever in Chillicothe! If you don't want to buy Glassware or Queensware, I can suit you in STAPLE AND FANCY Groceries Provisions, Etc., CANNED GOODS A specialty of Fresh Vegetables at all times in season. Call and see. South Locust Street. CHILLICOTHE, - - MISSOURI. Bow Protection Gained Its Foothold on the Continent of £urope--JSstonsion of Suffrage antt Growth of Socialism th« Causes--The Wage Earner'0 VJow. Mr. E. L. Oodkin, editor of The New- York Evening Post, has just made a striking contribution to the tariff discussion, which appears in the September Forum. He first seeks to account for the growth of protectionism on the continent of Europe during the past ten or twelve years. David A. Wells account* f9r that growth by pointing to the increasing risk of theEuropean armaments, the increased production resulting from the use of imported machinery, andfiercer competition in effecting sales of the surplus product of that machinery in neutral markets. All this had the effect of depressing prices very greatly, and the use of the new machinery displaced a great deal of labor. Then ctime the panic of 1873, which was ·world wide in its effects and extended Its baneful influence over several years. Mr. Gfodkin does not think that these causes are sufficient of themselves to account for the radical change of tariff policy, for the non-restrictive system had worked so well that with the same leaders of opinion at the helm BO great a change would have been impossible. That system had worked most successfully. Mr. Wells himjelf shows that under it "the European trade of the six nations of Austria, Belgium, France, Holland, Italy and Great Britain increased during the years from 1860 to 1878 more than 100 per cent,, while the aggregate population during the same period increased only 7.8 per cent." Mr. Godkin is of the opinion that the change of policy must be further explained by the extension of the suffrage in the continental nations, which brought forward new meu with new ideas. Especially was this true in Germany, where protection is one expression of that socialism which preaches the regeneration of society, not through individual enterprise, but through governmental paternalism. The doctrine most prominent in this socialism is that the chief function of government is, in some way, to make the poor comfortable. The changed political condition of Europe, then, had brought forward the working classes--with the political econ- 'omy of the working classes--and these classes in Europe Had had no political experience np to that. time. The prime error in the thinking of all people who earn wages or a salary is to estimate their condition according to the amount of money received, without regard to its purchasing power. "They think in money and not in goods." Consequently everything that will increase wages is set down by the working classes as an unmixed good. The laborer has nothing to sell except his labor, and he thinks only of how he may sell that labor for the most money--seldom thinking of himself as a buyer and consumer. It is the ready cash in hand that is the all important thing. Now protection promises more of this cash to the laborer--can in some cases give it--and this is what decides him in favor of protection. Another idea which has come forward with greater force with the working classes is to exclude as many others as possible from the market in which you have to sell. As the laborer has only his labor for sale, he adopts through his trades union measures to restrict tbe number of apprentices entering his trade. Thus he holds the central idea of the protectionists without knowing it ·--that there must be as large a demand as possible for your particular kind of commodity or industry, and as few persons besides yourself to meet that demand as possible. This, with laws to enforce it, is protection. Its striving is to shut up your own market to all sell- era and to open up all other markets for yourself to sell in. The impossible is attempted--to sell without buying. But both must go together, there must be a balance of the two. The great object of human industry must not be forgotten-human enjoyment; and the aim of civilization -is not to make men toil, but to make the fruit of their toil abundant and attractive. The Eighteenth century made its chief contribution to the cause of good government in raising the consumers into notice as the objects most deserving the statesman's attention and care. Under the teaching of Adam Smith the consumer began to feel that he, too, had just rights and held a larger place in the scheme of civilization. That teaching spread over all Europe and was accepted by practically all educated men. Now, however, that the working classes have come into power the lesson will have to be learned by them also; and with them the process will be slow, for the teaching must be by experience and observation rather than from books and by arguments. The demand that government, shall supply producers with a market for their wares and relieve them of the necessity of pushing their own fortunes has had the result of making politics more and more a game of money making. The tendency to make, money out of the government has grown enormously, and the taking of government aid has ceased to be a thing from which men shrink. Bounties in the shape of increased duties have been bestowed lavishly and in every direction, without inquiring as to the manner in which the need of them had risen, whether through the applicant's incompetency, or laziness, or want of enterprise, or through his misfortune, or through unlocked for, changes inihe conditions of his business. As a general rule congressional committees have simply asked whether lie was satisfied with his business, and if ho said he was not up went the duties. The fact that people, knew that money was so easy to be got from the government has h»d a wide .reaching effect upon the extravagant demands made upon congress. Men who have invested money under tariff nrotection become dependent upon the political party that gives them this protection, and here ia where the tariff touches the suffrage. Whenever it is in danger, money will defend itself with money. Any weapon within reach vrill be used by the man who thinks he will be ruined by the suc- oess of a political party. That is to say, whenever protection is threatened with overthrow it will buy as many votes as K thinks necessary for its security. This is perhaps .the most important political truth of the day. Too Much Tariff for Him. Ex-Governor Amea, of Massachusetts, has just returned from Europe, and has taken the first occasion to express some views on the tariff. It will be remembered that he was one of the signers of the 1 petition of New England manufacturers last winter in favor of free coal and iron ore and for a 24 pet cent, duty on pig iron. The ex-governor is the manufacturer of the celebrated Ames shovel, and he has for some time felt the tariff pressure, which is gradually driving out of New England most firms of manufacture in which irc/n plays an important part. Governor Ames indorses Blaine's reciprocity plan. "Mr. Elaine," he says, "has exhibited a wise and far seeing statesmanship entirely worthy of him, and unless the Republican party takes his platform it is done for. I am, a protectionist, but 1 believe in common sense." The industries of the country, he says, "are in the main well established, and there is now no longer any need of excessively high duties." He has strong sympathies with those Republican papers of the west and the northwest which contend that "revision" in the party's platform two yeai's ago meant "reduction." He identified himself with those papers and says: "Wa believe that when the Republican party undertook a. revision of the tariff, if there happened to be palpable injustice done by too low duties, that revision was to consist in the raising of the duty so that justice should be done; but it was understood, 1 think, that the revision meant in most cases reduction, so that there should be a lowering of the high duties all along the line." Retaliation Probable. The editor of The New York Dry Goods Economist has been traveling in Europe, visiting the great manufacturing centers from which we draw large supplies of dry goods. His observations as to the feeling in regard to the McKinley bill lead him to remark, "I only wish that every member of our honorable congress could have had my experience of the last two months before casting 1 his final vote on the McKinley tariff bill." In Chemnitz. Germany, from which we get immense quantities of knit goods, he found very earnest opposition to the bill. He talked with leading merchants and manufacturers there, including the president of the chamber of commerce, and while these gentlemen admitted the right of America, to pursue a .policy of protection, they united in saying that when there is such a measure under consideration as the McKinley bill "there remains but one answer for Europe, and that is absolute retaliation, and Germany for one will resort to it promptly if we pass a prohibitive tariff." The editor's conclusion is that "all foreign governments, though they may be divided in all "other things, will, if driven to it by our congress, unite in the most rigid retaliation ever known in commercial war, and will reduce our exports to a degree we do not now dream of." As we export $3.92 worth of agricultural products to every one dollar's worth of manufactures it is easy to see who will suffer most if Europe adopts a policy of retaliation. To Pay France'* Tax. They say the foreigner pays the tax. If that be true let us see how it works' when it is tried on us. France has just revised her tariff laws, and while ;she was about it she thought she would just as well give us a good dose of McKinleyism to let us see how it tastes. Accordingly she put a duty of 33 cents a bushel on our grain, while the duty ou grain from other nations is only 15 cents. Now the question is, Will the American farmer have to pay that tax to France? That is precisely what the protectionists say the foreigner does for us, and it is a mighty poor rule that will not work both ways. But is it not a rascally trick in France to make onr farmers pay her tax? phe must have heard some of our high tariff orators rejoicing in our double-back- action tariff, which compels foreigners to pay our taxes; else how could France have her moral sense so blunted as not to see what a dishonest -way of treating foreigners this is? What a wonderful thing a tariff is any way. Where the T-iHiigh Came In. Some protectionist statesman recently sent off a telegram to one o£ the leading manufacturers of agricultural implements in the country, asking him to send a strong denial of the statement that foreigners got goods at less price than Americans. This denial it was proposed to read in the house with crushing effect, and put to confusion the enemies of the holy system of protection. In a short time the answer came, but it was not what was ordered. It read as follows; . "Of course we sell cheaper to foreigners than to Americans. What is protection for?" Then The American Economist, the organ of the Protective Tariff league, took the matter up, called the whole thing a "'mare's nest," got a denial from two or three sources, only one of which is named, and then abandoned itself to the cry of "falsehood.'! "The tariff should be revised by its friends." That has been for some years the catchword of the protectionists. But now the Farmers' alliance of Macon county, His., has "revised" thatsetimenft and say, "The tariff should be revised hr its victims," American TTntversitle*. We have enough of them. They are as plentiful as candidates. Whenever a man has heaped np ;i great mass of wealth straightway he founds a university, as- it is cjtllerl, and names it after himself. One man rarely has, or is willing to give, money enough to fit up even a small one as it ought to be, consequently we have a hundred or more American "universities" that have a course of study rv shade above what a. common high school ought to be and no more. ' . In the strict sense of the word a university is n school whore a, college graduate may go and study a profession, thits fitting himself for life work; or. if not that, where he may pursue some branch of science or art. The university proper begins where the college lenves off. In this higher sense we have not a real university in America. We ought to have at least four--one east, one west, one south and one at Washington. At present Johns Hopkins, in Baltimore, although run on a plan too narrow and conservative to meet the needs of a free country in the last quarter of the Nineteenth century, comes nearest to the real university of anything in America. Yet the Johns Hopkins scliool is cramped for means, and cannot do the good it might on that account. Here is a chance for -,omo Mr. Moneybags to confer a lasting benefit on the young people of his country by endowing the school mentioned, or some other well established liigii institution of learning, and enabling it to gradually work up to the ideal university. But, no! Each petty moneyed man must found a. school of his oivn, thus adding to the already too great number of ill equipped little colleges that are never more than half full of students. · Another fact \rorks ngninst the building up of F. magiiilicpiil; university in America. That is -tuts sectarian feeling. In no other country tlmn America does the question of theological denominations enter into the plan of an education. The German universities are' not sectarian, neither are the English, to tbe extent of making a matter of education of one's creed. But in the United States each church denomination must try to found its own college!;. The Baptist would not have bis children go to a Methodist school, and vice versa. If, irrespective of the church to ^vhicli they belonged,, "which is' their own private affair, our wealthy citizens would unite in the effort to build one great school. endowed \vith all that wealth and learning ccmld bestow, one that could take rank with the best in Europe, then our children would no longer need to go to Europe for their higher education. Better yet, if they would add tlzeir endowments to some of the state universities already in existence, on a strictly non-sectarian basis, they might at onco make their names illustrious and serve mankind. Signed Newspaper Articles. » Mr. W. D. Howells writes in Harper's Magazine strongly in favor of signed newspaper articles, not only editorials, but all other contributions. He says. "Every editorial, every swallcst piece of reporting that involves a personal matter, should be signed by the writer, who should be personally responsible for his words." Let us see. There is the great boss and chief of a thundering metropolitan daily. It bellows around the world; its influence is felt from pole to pole. Its editorials tire famous for wit, sarcasm and far insight into things. The editor of that great journal sometimes hits it, even when he drops into prophecy. He gets letters from many quarters congratulating him on his wit, his foresight, his power of slinging English. How would it do to let a howling outside world know that all this work that thrills the globe is from the hand of a little stoop shoiil- dered, long haired fellow up in a back room, whom nobody knows, and who works for small pay? Such knowledge would destroy tbe discipline of any great newspaper office in Christendom. Again, how would'this sound? "Bridget Maloney, of Jenkins square, poured kerosene on the kitchen fire to hurry it up last wash day. The funeral of the fingers that were found will take place to-morrow. (Signed) J. Augustus Van Artevelde." For some reason never yet explained, cholera infests the followers of Mahomet more than anybody else. The disease is raging in Japan, carried thither in part at least by Turkish vessels. With the bad drainage of Asiatic cities the pestilence is sweeping some o): them like a besom of destruction. In the production of pig iron the south has already advanced so much that Alabama is the third state in this respect. Pennsylvania is first, as of old, and Ohio second. Bixt the next census may take away the scepter even from Pennsylvania and bestow it on a southern state. Probably the largest number * pleasure seekers ever assembled together in one day visited Coney "Island 011 a hot Sunday in August recently. They numbered 159,000 persons.. Fort Scott, Kan., has made an increase of 120.85 per cent, since the last census, its population now being 11,837. Where is another town that can show a greater rate of increase. CASTOR IA for Infants and Children. "Castoriaissov I recommend ifcassup known to me. 1 ' H. A. AltcSBR, U. T., Ill So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. T. CartoriaTOjw Colic, OoMtlpatteo, medfcatiw. TB« CcrMcn COMMIIX, 77 Murray fMnct, K. T Mr. Agib Eicketts was president of the Prohibition convention of Pennsylvania. NEW departure in the Grocery business after the ist day of September,! intend to run businesswithout the use of books so as to curtail expenses and enable me to handle goods jat the least possible cost to the consumer and in the future I shall sell strictly for cash or exchange for country produce. f jWatch our advertisement for low prices and save money,by doing busines on the CASH SYSTEM In dealing with us you will not have to pay a per cent, to make up for bad debts that others contracted for and failed to pay. makes a difference of ten per cent, on every dollar, so count ten times twelve andsee where your money goes. In the future I intendjto sell goods lower than any house doing a credit business at home or abroad. All persons owing me will please call and settle, and those having accounts against me will please present them for settlement before above date. · . . Any person making a purchase of Twenty Dollars worth within three months will be presented with one of our Home' Cyclopedia of Cookery and Housekeeping. Thanking the public for past favors, and wishing a. continuance of the same, I remain yonrs truly, CT "Win,. Sum Southeast corner public square, second door west of Citizen's National Bank, Chillicothe, Mo. ...._,. ' : IHIVT BUILD A Don't Buy a Stove. Don't' buy anything in the stove or hardware line until you se Full line of these goods. He keeps the Best; and Sells Lowest. No Trouble to Show Goods. . WM. SUMMERVILLE, : Cash : Crocer. Special Agenffor the American Tea and Coffee EXTRACTOR, - Something Used to Make TEA and COFFEE -Call and See U at Once. PRICE150 CEJfTS ;a. CUMNINOHAM. HALL CUNNINGHAM, PROPRIETORS FINE WORK A SPECIALTY. Lace Curtains, and Ingrain and Rag Carpets, Gleaned. WORK SOLICITED. PRICES REASONABLE W. R. BOYX.E, --DEALER IN . JEWELER^, Watches Clockfc Carries a FulI : LIn«» of Jewelry ASS

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