The News from Frederick, Maryland on June 9, 1900 · Page 6
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The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 6

Frederick, Maryland
Issue Date:
Saturday, June 9, 1900
Page 6
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"Vviy*" i cried S* dismay can rou tell?" "How paper. » r c21c:a: paper as · be :s exs a. .s sip;: by , ; : k'r,g up th- paper '. ti,. .... _ 'i. fiauicg u ~y =w- of a »eU-kco*n Eag- at :si Ja · Teta are have no: Eaaie vy :.ey have cot." I proteited. ' You "ieterffilteJ LOT 10 belleVe In my , "Acs! tie st*'.," b* ccaticufe!, less of my interruption ' iou ex- ^tn.lcl tijt it Tkouid U- rcXaflitJ oa 11- I placed before him the crumpled sheets cf foolscap wtcr- ^- aiurupts had been made, and sui-i-ejsfully. too. to imitate my hacdwnuns, explain- iutr »her* I had i}f«-'v*-«n1 thorn These he also examined very minutely. giving vent to a low grjnt as was habitual to him when rerssured. "Anything more?" he asked impatiently. "I can't waste time The outlook is too serious." "But you must--you shall spare time to fully investigate this mystery." I cried. "You will remember that the dummy envelope you took from your safe bore an imitation of your private seal?" "Yes. What of that?" "Here is the seal with which that impression was made." I replied In triumph, handing to him the Uule brass stump. 'I have had the portions of wax microscopically examined, and they are of the same wax as was used to seal the dummy." He took It between his thin fingers, Theproduction of this object, was I saw, entirety unexpected. Suddenly rising from his chair he unlocked his great safe and took therefrom the dummy envelope. Then, returning to his table, he lit a taper and carefully made an impression in wax of the seal I had given him, afterward taking It to the light,-and by the aid of a large magnifying glass compared it closely with the seal upon the dummy. "And where did you find this seal?" he inquired, glancing across to me. "Among the contents of the dead man's pockets," I answered. "Impossible," he retorted. "The police have possession of everything found on the man." "Yes, they Lad, but this came in'o my possession yesterday at the inquest." "How?" I hesitated, then, determined to conceal no fact from the great statesman, I answered boldly: "I stole it from the table whereon it was displayed." "Stole it." he echoed. Slowly he turned the brass stamp over in his hand, as if deep in thought; then, with brows knit in anger, he looked me straight in the face, exclaiming bluntly: "Your story is an absolute tissue of lies from beginning to end." His words startled me. I Lad expected him to be eager to further probe the mystery, and try and elucidate the manner in whicn Dudley had manufactured the dummy and exchanged it for the secret convention. Instead of this he was distrustful and suspicious; indeed, he boldly accused me of attempting to wilfully mislead him and -conceal the truth. "I have told you no lies. Every word I have uttered is the truth," I answered, with fierce indignation. "You certainly never obtained possession of this seal in the manner in which you would have me believe, for the detectives sent to Staines had strict instructions to search for any object that would lead them to suppose the dead man was not what he represented himself to be. and I made a special request that any seals discovered might be submitted to me for examination. If this had been in the dead man's pockets it would have been brought to me." "But I tell you It was among tbs articles found upon him. I picked It np from the Coroner's table, and, finding it was not missed, brought it to you, rather than inform the police of our suspicions, which I understood you desired should, for the present, be kept secret" "I do not believe you," he retorted, angrily. "Ask whoever searched the body, and they will no doubt remember finding the seal," I answered. "It is quite unnecessary," he exclaimed. "Unnecessary? Why?" "Because I don't believe one word of this elegantly romantic story of yoars." "But J have brought you evidence in black and white that Ogle was a spy," I cried. "Evidence of a sort," te answered careleKl*. returning to bis table and ginViftg into his ann chair. "Yon have brought |£eee things to me in order to induce tie to believe that the? were in the dead man's possession instead of where they reaily were, in yo;.r own." "i: is false," I protested, fisshingat bis base and dogged insinuations. "So is this elaborate so-called evi- dsace yon have brought me," he an- "In what way?" I demanded. "You wish to know," he cried. "Well. I trill tell you. First, th» pass- pc:i .s forged one, and was never written in St. Petersburg." proof. Weil, m the first liloxc. I do tot be'.lev* u was ered oa the body, as you allege; a ' SeCCCdlj, tTfeO »f U tiau bteC. H »J . absolute proof that the dead man the culprit." · Why""" I icqiured eagerly. it was cot with that seal " d'.meiy envelope «Jb becvr- e5." he answered slowly, at tb turne time handing me the two impressions acd inviting nic to compare them This I did with breathless eagerness, by the aid of the magnifying glass, and In astonishment was compelled to admit that he spoke the truth. There wore several discrepancies In lue i^uui l^ruigb ul lue aruia tiiai 1 litiu not before noticed, and 1 saw Instantly that they did not correspond with those Impressed upon the p.nvelope. The amazing worthlcbsnesb of my discoveries held me embarrassed, and I stood helpless and in silence as the Minister hurled at me some, bitter Invectives, declaring that 1 had come to him with an ingenious story and evidence that might have convinced a man less shrewd. {Tot; of Beck, who cam* taisr, I was tlt« tmly guest, Dinner *as a much snore teen at Stai=fb »lt..; · « yt.«.:i »e ' -~a' (icwc i': ttosse^s, and I ·sra. 3 £,t ' ssrry whes it was over aed I fou^d j myself f-ee to talk aioae w^th Ella. | ; f eyes, that sh« h. d passed a *?Iv s Uight, acd that U - ^rnt'-t and iay-ieru£ secret Sxre her down beneath :tx oppress e wtigh;. Yet she bd ie. ih* saiee heart) hacl-h^*.e as ij: u ·!, ani I aaa, * Uii»^sHUog at cia- ter t^ttticg with her, feit rsyseJf woa- J.: : ; how I cc-lcl «r*r ha** bro-g-t «_.. j*.? :., utter such btuer rc-proathes ami recriajinatiot s as I had done oa the prettutia day. Her kiss, aovr 12*1 »e *ere alote. ihrillt*! ci*-. her She told cie. ic acsier to my uues- tioes. how she had fared after I left tfce Nook, Lyw di»uial the place !. anl ho* many bmer her." "Thse you declare that England is gr+ai BO longer*" I ctrs^rv*!!. with a for k-r. ' I stole it from the table whereon it wai displayed."' "Take your clumsily forged documents and your attempt to reproduce my seal, and leave me at once.'" he cried in a terrible cbulitlon of wrath, gathering up the objects I had brought and tossing them back to me. "Your dastardly conduct is too despicable fo; words, but remember that to you and you alone, your country owes the overwhelming catastrophe that must now inevitably fall upon it." With these ominous words ringing in my ears I stumbled out, knowing not whither I went, and scarcely responding to the greetings of the men I knew who regarded me in askance. Th" great central staircase, up which climbed the brilliantly uniformed representatives of all civilized countries on the face of the earth whenever the Mlnistei held his receptions, I descended with heavy heart, and, crossing the gray, silent courtyard, soon found myself amid the bustle of Parliament street I saw with chagrin how utterly I had failed in my endeavor to elucidate the mystery, for not only had I been unable to throw any further light upon the theft of the treaty or the tragic end of the man I suspected, but I had actually heaped increased suspicion upon myself. On reflection I found myself in accord with the Minister's declaration that the passport was a forgery, and that the brass stamp was not the seal used by the spy. These facts were absolutely Incontestable. Tlu only thing remaining was the paper whereon attempts had been made to Imitate my writing. I tried to explain this fact away and clear th* memory of the dead man of all suspicion, but, alas! could not bring myself to believe in his innocence. There rankled in my breast the bitter thought that he lad uttered words of love to Ella and ad tried to induce her to break off her engagement to me. She herself had acknowledged on oath before the Coroner, that they had quarrelled because she loved me- No. Although this passport was a clumsy imitation and the seal had been cut without due regard to the Wanshara quarterings, the plain, incontestable evidence of his forgery remained. He was. after all, a cunning, despicable scoundrel, who had brought dishonor upon my name and ruined me both socially and financially. I found myself smiling grimly at the thought of bow quickly retribution had fallen upon him. If he had died from natural causes it was but a Judgment for his misdeeds; if struck down by an unknown band it was but vengeance for his treachery toward his Qneen, his country and his bosom friend. Heedless of where I went. I walked on. called at my club. I remember, and tirust my letters Into my pocket unopened; ibes, pursuing my way, arrived home late in the afternoon. As I entered Jackes handed me a note from Ella, telling me that they had left Staines owing to the tragic affair, and asking me to call that evening at Poet street, adding that she wished to see me upon a very important matter. For a long time I sat alone, smoking and thinking, trying to devise some means by which I could bring the Earl to believe in my loyalty, but at last, in desperation, I rose, dressed, and took a cab to Mrs. Lalng's. The house was not large, but well ordered, exquisitely furaiihecl, and there was about everything an air of elegant refinement that betokened j treaith, taste and culture. It was j nearly 7 when I arrived, and I was j er-"!«4d to learn that with the «cep- Tuea, :a reijKin** to her we walked out upon the balcony, where, under the striped awclng, a uble and tuaim were *«t. Here, in the cool night air. the (ju:et only broken by an ixxaslonal footfall, or the tinkle of a inning cab bell, we sipped our cuCee and gossiped on as lovers will. Suddenly, while bhe was telling me of the (tlafib her mother had prepared for their sojourn for a couple of months at the seaside, the loud, stri- f 4 0 r t * I-**-*- /···* i *--t?^t f t* if r* p "V c^ w i r* *»»-^«V » upon our ears. At first. In the distance. the voice did not attract our attention, but when It neared us the words, hoarse, yet indistinct, held me .speechless. I aat stunned. Ella herself sprang from her chair and leaned over the balcony, straining her eyes to catch every sound of the rough, coarse voice. The man haU paubfd for breath before the house, a bundle of papers across his shoulder and the ominous words he shouted were "Extra spe-shall! War declared against England! Spe-shall! War against England! Startling statement! Spe-shall!" CHAPTER XI. DECK'S FBOl'HECl. silence, clear, distinct, ominous: "War declared against England! Spe-shall!" "Surely It must be some absurd story that the papers have got hold of," Ella exclaimed. "I have every reason, unfortunately, to believe in the truth of this sudden declaration of war." "You believe it's true!" she cried. "How do you know? Has Russia actually dared to challenge us?'' ".Yes," I replied. "But how were you aware that Russia was our enemy?" "I--I merely guessed it." she answered, lamely, with a forced smile a moment later. "I've been reading the papers lately." "You asked me to come here this evening because you had something particular to say to me, Ella. You have not yet referred to it" "I wanted to ask you a question," she exclaimed. "I know you have investigated Dudley's belongings, and I wanted to know whether you discovered among them some scraps of paper bearing imitations of your own writing." I regarded her in surprise; her question amazed me. In her eyes I noticed a look of Intense earnestness and appeal for sympathy. "Well, what if I bar*?" I Inquired. 'If you have, th*y will, I know be regarded by you as evidence that Dudley was a forger." "That Is w" it I believe him to have been," I said, with bitterness. "You judge him wrongly," she replied, quite calmly, her face nevertheless as white as the simply-made dinner gown she wore. "I have already seen those papers, and know their authorship." "For what reason was it desired to imitate my handwriting?" I asked, pressing her hand tenderly. "I--I really don't know." she replied. "All I am aware is that your writing was most carefully traced and imitated, and for that purpose two of your letters to me were stolen." "By whom?" "I have never been able to discover." -At that moment our conversation was interrupted by a voice crying. "Here, Deedes! Have you seen this alarming news?" and, turning, I saw Beck standing beside the tall, amber shaded lamp in the drawing room, a news sheet in his hand. "It's extraordinary!" cried Beck, intensely excited, as became a patriotic legislator. "We have not had the slightest inkling of any diplomatic deadlock, or any disagreement with Russia. The whole thing is absolutely amazing." "But what will happen?" asked Ella, eagerly, with white, scared face, "Will England be invaded and battles fought here In the manner prophetic writers have foretold?" "No doubt," Beck replied promptly. "The opinions of our greatest strategists are unanimous that under certain conditions France and Russia combined could invade our island. It is all very well for people to talk about England's maritime power: but is It what we believe it to be? I thick not We have omit huge ana unwieioy battle ships while our enemies constructed the fastest cruisers and torpedo boat destroyers afloat, thereby sweeping away our hitherto undisputed mastery of the sea." "But not before we have engaged the enemy at sea and given them a taste of the lion's paw." I said. "Of course. First, we must expect a great naval battle or battles, followed by a dash upon our territory and the landing of the hostile armies. If England received one serious reverse at sea, she coald never recover frottt It The loss of her maiiUae power would -V/,i J d'Hi' r £" =O f-ir a* thai, b'it I cootwid, as * iid in my speech ia the Hou*e a fortsigt ago thai those chiL.-gei with auU£t2JciC£ our xeteiices is. a proper »ta:« of ed'-lesT' !t*re for y«arc been ctiipaWy negligent The power of England to-day i» st:!l ta* sajce a* it has bctn -- on paper. But, sc ascertaining it, we always close our eyes wilfa-ly to :he inje faxt saat o'her C2Uu* a* Ye,rd 4'irtcg te past tee year*, zzd hare w actually overtaken u*." "I don't think that," I answered. "Until oar country is actually Invested 1 shall still believe in iu strength," Presently Beck asoaneed his ictea- tion of soing dowe to the House of Comncocs to asceria:s the latest news, a^i I. fciiiisg Ella a^.i ier verier tarew«I!. accompanied hlca. It was about 11 o'clock when we drove up. but the cab could not get much further than Broad Sanctuary, so dense was the crowd that hid gathered at St. Stephen's on the start!!:..; news being spread. Prom the high summit of Big Ben the electric Ught was streaming westward, showing the excited thouaands assembled there that Parliament was already deliberating upon the best course to pursue on the outbreak of hostiltles, and as we elbowed our way through the turbulent cos- course war was on everyone's tongue. Men and women of all classes of society. wildly excited, with pale, scared faces, discussed the probable cou of events; many sang patriotic songs, the choruses of which were taken up and shouted lustily, while here and there, s we proceeded, loud invectives against the Czar and his French allies greeted our ears. CHAPTER XII. A-f IMPORTANT IISPAT.C1I. Half an hour later as I stood at the door of the small post office in the Lobby Lord Warnham hastily approached and. seeing me, exclaimed: "Ah! I want you, Deedes. An hour *go I sent telegrams everywhere for you. Come with me to my room." We went along the corridors to his own private room, where, in an armchair with sotnf txip^rs in h's hand, sat the Marquis o* Maybury, Prime Minister of England. We had met before many times when the burly elderly peer had been a guast at Warnham Hall, and on many occasions I had acted as his secretary when he had been alone. "Well. Deedes," he exclaimed gravely, looking up suddenly from the papers. "Lord Warnham has explained to me the mysterious theft of the secret convention, and I am anxious to see you regarding it. Remember that England's honor ai:d her future depend absoiutply upon the issue of this serious complicatior.. If you can furnish us with any information, it is just possible that diplomacy may do something even at the eleventh hour. You see we have lost the original of the convention, and this. If produced in Petersburg, is sufficient-Evidence ngainst us to upset all our protestations." "I have told Lord Warnham all I know," I answered calmly. "To him I have explained iny suspicions." "You believe, however, that Ogle was a spy?" "At present, yes," I said. "And further, I have grave suspicions that h» was murdered." "Did you ever suspect him to be a spy?" "Not for one moment. He had plenty of money of his own, and was in no sense an adventurer." "Well," exclaimed the Premier, turning to his colleague at last, "it is extraordinary--most extraordinary." Lord Warnham nodded acquiescence, and said: "Yes, there is a deep and extraordinary mystery somewhere; a mystery we must, for the sake of our own honor, penetrate and elucidate." "I entirely agree," answered the other. "We hare -been victimized by clever spies." "And all owing to Deedes' culpable negligence," added Lord Warnham, testily, glancing at me. "No, I am inclined to differ," exclaimed the Premier. "A little more than mere caution, or even shrewdness. Is required to defeat the efforts of tae Czar's spies." "I am obliged for your lordship's v.ords, I exclaimed fervently. "I assure you that your merciful view Is entirely correct. I am innocent, and at this moment am utterly at a loss to account for acy of the amazing events of the past few days." Lord Warnham was silent in thought for a few moments, then, turning his spaiM-iike face to me, he said, in a tone rather more conciliatory than before. "Very well. As It is Lord Maybnry's wish I will re- Instate you in the service, but remember. I have no confidence in you." "Then you still suspect me of being a spy?" I cried, reproachfully. "I am to remain under suspicion!" "Until the troth is ascertained I. at least, shall believe you bad something to do with the theft of that secret convention. Perhaps, after all, I have-beec just a trifle nnjnst in condemning you. therefore consider yourself reinstated In the same position as before, although I muet admit that my previous confidence in your integrity is, to say the least, seriously--rery EeriousJy impaired." "I hope it will act remain so long," I sa!d. "If there is anything 1 can do to restore your belief in my honesty I will do it at whatever cost" "There Is but on* thing." he exclaimed. "Discover tie identity of to* spy." "I will regard that the one entJeaTor of my life," I declared, earnestly. "IS the mystery U fo be fathomed t will accomnUsh it" My word* were Interrupted 6y a load-double koock at the door, and ia r«poase to an ijsjucc-ion to eater, tier* appeared ho: and breathless, Frank Lawl«y, cue cf tie Fore:ga Office tsessergert. Ke wore. fcaJf-ccs- cealed by bis overcoat fa.s »aail e: itffielied greyhound fcusj«iiei around Ms o«ck by a ttua caaic, Ms tad^e of ofllcfe, aed io his hand carried oae of tfce f22ii!:ar travelling dispatch boxe£. ycTT !'3.rdsi'p5. ' he .g as. BAIDIMI KAILSOADS; HO*. AN ENEMV MAY BE CRIPPtED IN WAR. Lord Vfzrs.z2.Si. eagerly. ai Pa---3, yc^r lordsh:p. My b, I beiiere, u most important. The Marquis of Wonfaorpe told me taat tie fear«i to trtiit it on tee wire, and sect me here posthaste." IB ar :ostast both Presrer a£i Mir- isier »praag to their feet. While Lord iliyt^ry troke th.e eeali Lord \Varn- haia whipped out bu keys, opened tae outer eaa«. and then the :tcer red leather box, from »hicb he drew forth a ^cgle ea \elupe. This he tore open, and holding beneath the softly-shaded electric lamp the sheet of note paper that bore the heading of our Embassy ia Parts both of Her Majesty's Ministers eagerly devoured its contents. Waen they had done so they both he!d their breath, raised their heads, and without bpealtlng looked at each other in abject dismay. The contents of the dispatch held them spell-bound. The window of the room was open, and/ the dull distant roaring of the great turbulent multitude broke upoc our ears. The excitement outside had risen to fever heat. CHAPTER XU1. A !TAftMt\T TO THK 1'1£E» "This is indeed extraordinary." exclaimed Lord Maybury, the Premier. at last. "An amazing development-- most amazing'" the Foreign Minister cried, unusualh excited. "Is the dispatch from Paris very remarkable?" I asked, unable to any longer bear their tantalizing conversation. so anxious was I to ascertain the latest development of this conspiracy against our country. "Read it for yourself," Lord Warnham answered, glancing at the Premier fo ascertain whether this course received his approbation, and finding Cuai li did, in? iiaaJcd me liie dispatch. which I found, a moment later, read as follows: "From Marquis of Worthorpe, Paris, to Earl of Warnhjua, Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs -- My Lord, In further con' Urination o* my dispatch of this morning I have the honor to report to your lordship that the war preparations actively commenced- here on receipt of a telegram from SL Petersburg (copy of which was enclosed in my last dispatch) have, owing to a later telegram from Russia, been entirely stopped. The orders for mobilization have everywhere been countermanded. According to a statement just made to me by our secret agent in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the French Government have to-day received word that the Czar's declaration of war will not, for some unexplained reason, be published. I send this by special messenger, in the hope that it will reach your lordship this eventng. -- Worthorpe." "This is remarkable!" I cried. "It appears as if Russia had already repented." "We want," said the Prime Minister, "this statement spread throughout the country." "In order to allay undue public alarm I wish it to he known that, according to advices I have received, the statement in the 'Novoe Vremya' today, at first believed to be correct, is without foundation." -_ "Then war is not declared?" "No. The alarming report reproduced by the English press from the St. Petersburg journal is apparently totally incorrect." Tafce presently came another loud knock at the door. One of the clerks who had rushed over from the Foreign Office, entered bearing a, telegraphic dltpatch. "Where from?" inquired . Lord Warnham, noticing the paper In his hand as tie came in. "From St. Petersburg, your lordship," he answered, handing him the telegram. The Premier and Foreign Secretary read it through together in silence, expressions of satisfaction passing at once across both their countenances. "Then we ne.-j have no further apprehension," f Claimed the Premier at last, looking · p at his coltogue. "Apparent'./ not," observed Lord Warnham. "This is certainly sufficient confi raatiou of Worthorpe's dispatch," ard he toss*d it across to the table where I sat, at the same time dismissing the clerk who had brought it. Taking up Ui» telegram I saw at a glance it was from our secret agent inthe Russian Foreign Office and that it had been re-transmitted from Hamburg. Although a* bad stated that all cipher messages were refused this was in our private code, and its transcription written Deowath was as follows: "BeBarkaMe development of situation haa occurred. Ministers held a council this afternoon, and after conferring with the Czar the latter decided to withdraw his prc tarnation of war which was to be issued to-night. The reason for this sudden decision to proerp* p«w?- is a my?t«iy, b«t th* dar left half an BOUT ago on bis journey sooth, two of the Ministers have left for their country seats, and telegraphic orders have been issued countermanding the military preparations, therefore it is certain that all id«a of war is entirety abandoned. Immediately at the conclusion of the council a telegram was seat to ta» Russian Minister in Paris informing him of the decision not to commence hostilities against England. Tee No- voe Vreraya, in order to allay public feeling Is to be protecuted for publishing false netra." Ho u cc!rrr»m.I soitth Africa, i Before Vielc*- \ \'mm U*rm. ; L- Kiteer I U O U L D t h e ! Boers faJ to cu; ·fcrcyiajc !.·*?. His otn to fctouemaa ',, *tau*i that the obj«« would be the l«lat!oa of tUt- taemy "from his mp- «. ilie*, f-lievklug his re'reat an-i tnCic: '.^Z ou '!?." every possible iajury ·«blch \vi!l tend to his discoznfortcre and defeat." Tbe reads to be struck wen? tie r aiA- Aiexandr-a and the Ex-t ais«'. Fredericks!, erg, as well as the turttpikei) au4 thv f»T.'**. Stcueauui stt out with half his fore* aed Frtdertcis ft :?li the remainder again** the Bridsh ar- ef poiats ami tbe British baj*-e of supyij. ic must L* the war oli their part has b*a^a lacking in eater- prise. Since an army travels on Its Wily, there is no way hi which the itii-uiv's game may so easily be upt«.-t a» by shutting off food supply. The more desperate the situation of an army la contact with the opposing force the harder does the blow in the rear btrike home. It was often attempted in the civil war to raid the rear of an army Jubt at the time it was fighting in front and, while need- Ing the supplies, could not turn to de- feu^J them. Grant's first overland campaign against Ylcksburg was broken up by a move of that kind. Hooker attempteti to turu mat. tricK on. Lee at the battle of Chancellorsville, and Grant himself tried it on Lee with in- differ^ut success several times during his advance against Richmond. Military men have all along assumed that It must be part of the Boer plan to allow the British to mass heavily at long distances from their bases and then just when they were committed to battle or to a forward movement the communications in the rear would be cut. Early in the conflict a Dutch official ID the confidence of the South African Boers told the writer that the railways in Cape Colony would surely be cut In rear of the British whenever such a blow would certainly destroy the British campaign. i few skinc^iiifc-ji with a brigade 1 Srtiart's TMs«a!rr uader Genera! Lee's j boa. W - H. t . a~d » as recalled to pro- te^-t the right and rvar of Hooker's own ?rmy from tht- enemy's cavalry. So it was tit for tat. Raiding Is a game both oiay play "t- Stuueiiiati rude more than half way to Ibchjstosd. but he focad oat oa r*a STirt th2! the f^eciy was aware c* ^'y raid aud watching for him. However, he rushed ahead and destroyed tie . Virginia Central at Louisa Court House a distance of 13 miles. He aia« die struyt-d bridges on the r.rmln wagoa pikes at the rivers and did much incidental damage. Baf the enemy waa oc his track and small detachment* were unsafe alone. At the ead of the six days set by Hooker, when he hoped the eiieiny would be In retreat. Stone» uiau found that be would be put to i » to get out of the trap Into which hj^ Itad rushed. He succeeded In extricaiV ing his whole command, but his absence from the army cost Hooker dear and gave him more concern than the Just at the time when Grant was moving'to attack Vicksburg from the south Colonel Grierson of the Sixth Illinois caialry rode through central Mississippi from La Grange, Tennu, to Baton Rouge, La., cutting local and trunk lines, especially the Macon and Columbus. Vlckbburg and Meridian and New Orleans and Jackson. Besides attracting the enemy's attention away from Grant's operations, it delayed supplies going to Vicksburg. John Morgan, the Kentucky raider, and For-'' rest. too. often made such rides hi the rear of the enemy. Even when not so completely successful as the raid whfch turned Grant Tvjr'V f*~r\m Jlfes *» + »·«**-»?*· on ^Mf»Vcir»T^r from the north in 1SC2. a vigorous dash on the communications of an army puts it at great disadvantage in many ways and at least forces its commander to act with caution when only by boldness can he hope to succeed- "When Sherman was slowly pushing the Confederates backward toward Atlanta, he left almost as many troops behind to guard his communications as he had oa the fighting line. The Confederate cavalry leaders often wanted to try their hands at breaking up Sherman's line, but for some reason St was not carried out. Sherman also sent out raiders to the heart of Georgia to destroy Confederate supply stores and factories, cut railroads and blow up ·bridges, but, although this work was pushed with energy, it did not effect the immediate result. The south had too many railroads feeding Its chief points to make It possible to cripple the army by simply destroying one or two, and raiders.seldom had time allowed them to make a clean sweep of all the roads. "When Grant attempted to march on VIcksbnrg from the north, he depended upon one railway line for supplies--that is, three railroads forming for his purposes one line of transportation from his-main base to the front. The Mississippi Central, branching off from the Mobile and Ohio at Jackson, Term., ran In the direction of his march and carried supplies to his depot at Holly Springs, Miss. This- road was intersected by the Memphis and Charleston north of Holly Springs and was fed from the extreme north by the Mobile and Ohio, terminating at Co- Iambus, Ky. General Forrest, the Confederate, king of west Tennessee, set oat on a ride to break the Mobile and Ohio and did his work thoroughly afpotats where he struck the road, but Grant had many fleet squadrons under able leaders, and Korn-st was often compelled to fisht when he wished to be blowing up culverts and burning bridges. He created a panic In Grant's rear, but all the" Federal cavalry was on his track, and alone he could not have spoiled the march to Vicksburg. Tan Dora timed his raid upon Holly Springs so as to strike just when the supplies would run low oa account of Forrest's work in Tennessee, for even when a raider failed to cut the road his mere presence on the line held up supplies for a time. Grant was at Oxford, Miss.. 30 miles south of Holly Springs, on the way to VIcksburg. and the Confederates were at Grenada. 30 miles farther south. Federal scouts brought word to headquarters that Van Dom had started north across the Yalla- busha, and Grant sent a force to intercept him. but the raiders reached the Federal lines almost as soon as the jtconta. They dashed into Holly Springs at daylight, capturing its garrison of 1.500 men and destroyed all the munitions of war, food and forage; also burned up many trains. Van Dom estimated the value of the property destroyed at $1.500,000. Grant estimated the damage in another way. He said that he was cut off from communications for the north for a week, and It was more than two weeks before rations or forage could be issued regularly. Therefore he decided to abandon his campaign to the interior, with Co- Jnmbtw as the base, and depend trpoa the Mississippi water line for snppUes. He took his army back to Memphis. Van Dora made several attempts to cot tbe road north of Holly Springs, bet was repulsed at all points. His OM snccess was dne to the celerity of his march and the suddenness of the dash. It was a sweeping blow that General Hooker planned in the Chancellor*- rille campaign against Lee's cotnnjtml- cattons with Richmond and Lynchburg. In sending out the cavalry under Stoneman to get between Lee on the BappahasBock and his base, be expected to defeat Lee In battle. The raid WM to complete the work of de- Raids against railroads were attempted on a large scale In 1861, when the/.. Federal cavalry was at Its strength. While Grant was forci -Lee back from the Rapidan to James, Sheridan started with a force to raid the lines out of The first point struck was Beaver station on the Virginia Central, the buildings, trains and rations we destroyed and the track and telegraph broken. Xest Ashland was visited»j and culverts, rrestlework and six miles|| of track were destroyed. 2 A raid of the magnitude of Sheri-|f dan's naturally drew the enemy upon him, and he had to torn and fight. Hej covered a wide territory and kept the| -enemy's mounted troops occupied, but yet did not seriously interrupt Lee'a supplies. TA'ben Grant confronted the last] stronghold of the Confederates on the KAILEOAD It A THERE AT WOBK. James, he sent one division of Sheri dan's cavalry under James H. Wilsot to raid the main lines of supply froir the south through Danville. dashed Into the enemy's territory 100 miles and destroyed 30 miles ot' track on the Richmond and Dauvllle road. The raid wound up. as usual, li a desperate struggle to get out of th« trap, for all the enemy's cavalry united to head off the daring riders. Wilsot escaped, and the enemy had a brokei line to repair. After that the raflroa^ cutting was done slowly and on a large scale by combined movements of Infan try and cavalry. It may be said tba- the campaign against Petersburg ant Richmond turned on the destruction o Lee's means of supply- The besieginf forces would capture and fortify t road so as to prevent the enemy fron recovering It. Wilson afterward made an extensivi raid In Alabama and Georgia to cap tore and break up Isolated garrisons o Confederates and destroy means o supplying and re-enforcing the troop: left In the field. The work was sue cessf nl, btrt came too late to materially affect the result of the war. It sboww ! what might bare been accomplish** 3 by similar tactics earlier in the coo . flict The Boers being mounted, i · ·would seem that Incursions on the Brit Isb lines Is their natural method o warfare GEOBGI L. Krr.irea. « OM»r Colt*. t Yearlings should always be separate* 5 from older colts, while their fooa should be more nutrition*, and their w ·% qulrements will best be met by snbst"; rating clover bay for straw fodder says a correspondent of the Londkrf Live Stock Journal. Sot only is th3 ·traw deficient Is nutritive snbstancl for yotmg, delicate -flesh and bon| forming purposes, bat the older aa| stronger colts will invariably drive thf yearlings back. They will never gtf forward to eat until the former retlrj satisfied, and if there is a sweeter ri * of straw than another it will be caref fully seiected and only the refnse lef* for the poor handicapped yearling:^ Therefore if an farrcers who go in fc. rearing colts win take the trouble V. separate them--the weak from ti strong--they wSl be amply compensa I ed for their labor and humanity fcy th, enhanced Improvement of the yea.- Cogs. ^ L

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