8 THE INDIANAPOLIS STAK. FRIDAY, MAY 8, 1910. THE INDIANAPOLIS STAR. ISTAR PUBLISHING COMPANY. The Indianapolis Sentinel ...... . . ......... Founded 1822 The Indianapolis Journal .................. Founded 1823 The Indianapolis Star ..................... Founded 1908 JOHN C. SHAFFER, Editor. The Indianapolis Star. The Chicago Evening Post. The Rocky Mountain News. The Louisville Herald. TheDenver Times. The Terre Haute Star. The Muncle Star. STAR BUILDING, INDIANAPOLIS. PENNSYLVANIA AND NE\V~*YORK STREETS. Entered as" Second-Class Matter at the Postofflce at Indianapolis, Ind. FOREIGN ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES: Kelly-Smith Company 220 Fifth Avenue, New York John Glass People's Gas Building, Chicago R. J. Bldwell Company.742 Market Street, San Francisco TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally and Sunday, by mall, one year $7.50 Dally, by mail, one year... 5 -Â°Â° Sunday, by mall, one year 2 E0 BY CARRIER Dally, six days 10 cents Dally and Sunday, one week l r cents Dally, one month 45 cents Dally and Sunday, one month 65 cents Persons unable to obtain copies of The Star on trains or In other cities will confer a favor by notifying this FRIDAY, MAY 5, H10. The only conclusive evidence of a mans sincerity is that he gives himself for a principle. ~ --Lowell. the appeal Is to a fiercer tribunal we shall not be out of the debate." The record chronicles "groat applause" from the Methodist brethren at this point. Their Americanism asserted Itself just as did that of another conference addressed the other (lay by Col. Roosevelt. In an article published in the Century magazine in 1893 Gen. Harrison speaks strongly in favor of military drill for boys in school. "Such training is good in every aspect of it," he said. "Good for the boys, good for the schools, good for j the country. It has a commercial as well as a ' war value." He points out that if boys between ' 1830 and 1850 had been so trained time and lives would have been saved in the civil war. "It will not be safe," he declares, "to allow war to come upon us again in that state, for war's pace has greatly quickened and the arms of precision now in use call for the trained soldier." Gen. Harrison was strongly in favor of American commerce and American mails being carried in American ships and did not hesitate to advo- Bide Dudley's Rhymes. \ Flaneur's Letter. Breakfast Table Talk. cate subsidies to bring this about. He wanted to see our flag carried to all the ports of the world. While he was President no bill that would result in the suspension of American-owned steamship lines on the Pacific would have become a law. Phone Merger a Good Move. The order issued by the Public Service Gom- A LETTER TO BILL. Â·EAR BILLY, tho postman's Just leftj me your note. It's welcomo, you bet you it is, I've lingered, old boy, on each sentence you wrote. That letter's a pippin--gee whiz! It's twenty odd years since we've met, ain't it, Bill? It seems like a hun- di ed to me--since we used to awim in the creek by the mill and dive off the stump of the tiee You say that the weather Is warmer out there? It means. Bill, that many a kid in less than a month will be lunning 'round baie and diving where you and I did. The stump is still standing? Say, Bill, ain't that great? The swimming hole's deeper, you think? You've stalled me hankering ^yearning, ftkLjikBle^and Into my heart put a kink. Say, Bill; listen, feller! Let's sidetiack dull care some time when the weathpr gets hot and meet once again for a joinney out there--I mean to that blessed old spot where you and I swam with the gang, years ago Let's pull off our clothes on the fly and swim in the 01 celt twenty minutes or so, you know Â· -as a sort of good-by. (Copyrighted, 1916, Bide Dudley.) Doc Dernburg is talking like a man who would like to come back. Those Indians of ours aie getting so they show no mercy whatever. The terms of the agreement with Gen Obregon must jwund- ominous to~A r illa. -- -- ^ William Lormier lias more troubles than almost any (other Innocent man in the countiy ^ __ _^__ - . Two Beers, Tex , wants to change its name, thus Showing how the prohibition hontiment Is spreading. Villa Is a consistent advocate of preparedness, and has erected in Chihuahua a magnificent tomb for himself. mission authorizing the merger of the New Long Distance Telephone Company, the New Telephone Company and the Indianapolis Telephone Company will not affect the rates to the public, will not add to capitalization nor cut oat competition. It is substantially a move in the direction of economy of management and should result in increased efficiency. Tho three companies practically have been operated as one, but under the handicap of three bets of accounts. The consolidation will do away with useless bookkeeping and the making of three reports to the state commission. It will facilitate the handling of the business of the owners without in any jvJse__wjotklng^J.o IheL disadvantage^) fLihe public* In fact, it is contended by the company officials that the merger will enable them to give better satisfaction; that it will tend to strengthen the position of the many independent companies that are operating throughout the state. V The imporant points to be guarded against in mergers of public service corporations are unwar- Whenever the allies eem at a loss for bomethlng else to do Russia lands another contingent at Mai- ueilles. Berlin also reports riots, but apparently no one went BO far as to proclaim himself provisional president of Prussia. . Carranza has begun seizing the propeity of foieign- crs, which seems as if It may be the beginning of the end for him. It is expected that our soldiers will get out of Mexico In about two months. Mexico is no place to be in July and August, anyway. - -Â»--------- War eeems to bo getting on the belligerents' nerves, es all are beginning to find fault with the way the other Bide treats its prisoners. * - * - 1 Postage stamps prepared for use by the Irish republic have been found, and will be highly prized by collectors as time passes. t ... - --4 Massachusetts reports six colored munitions workers who are turning yellow, and some other states report white ones that are yellow. Dr. KajTl Llebknecht must be about as popular with the Berlin government as our qwn William J. Bryan is with the present administration. Conscription may sound haish to the British, but It will puzzle any one of them to say why eveiy able- bodied citizen should not do his share * Whatever else they may do, It is certain that the St. Louis convention delegates will not try to save time by simply relndorsing the Baltimore platfoim. George Bernard Shaw bays the Irish revolution was "silly, ignorant, wrong-headed." He has no use for anything that doesn't go well the first night. -- Â« Gifford Pinchot may not be far wrong when he says that the Conservation Congress Is now being used to conserve the interests of the "big interests." The Lee's Summit (Mo ) postofflce was dynamited by bandits and several hundred dollars' worth of stamps taken. A late resident who made the place famous has a perfectly good alibi. . - _4 Ambassador Spring-Rice has apologized because the Governor of Trinidad had a better entertainment for Col. Roosevelt than for Secretary McAdoo. .Apparently the Governor is a man of discernment. A Chicago doctor says South Sea Island cannibals Will not eat us because we are too salty, but still there are some specimens among us who are fresh enough * to suit the most fastidious cannibal taste. J. M. Sullivan, who was requested to resign as our minister to Santo Domingo, has been ai rested in London In connection with the Irish mess. He seems to get Into trouble eveiy time he goes away from home. -- Â«.Â«Â«Â» 2Â»Â»a=*=- Â«jÂ«Â«,,BÂ«r .Â«GOÂ»^ -- L^-I-J-- Â«*- ft* J Â»TM 5J ^ 3Ami Â·"" """^ Â· Benjamin Harrison on Preparedness. In these days when the need of a living patriotism was never greater in American history - no -rectdtog-eeald-- be- found-- better-- fitted-4o-stir apathetic souls to their duty as citizens than the Speeches and papers of Benjamin Harrison before and after his term as President, as well as within that period. The long series of brief addresses made between his nomination and his election and the later remarkable series delivered on a transcontinental tour while in office are characterized throughout by a spirit of ardent Americanism Love of country, love of the flag, a high sense oi civic duty, willingness to serve the nation even at great sacrifice, are preached in one form anc another over and over again. The same idea pervades the more formal uttrances published in periodicals after he had retired to private life In his inaugural address he said: It must not be assumed . . . that our interests an so exclusively American that our entire Inattention to iuy events that may tianspire elsewhere can be taken for granted. Our citizens domiciled for put poses of ' ' de in all countries and In many of the islands of ' * Â· sea demand and will have our adequate care in t h o ' r personal and commercial rights. . . . We "hull neither fail to respect the flag of any friendly na- t i ' i i t or the just rights of its citizens, nor to exact the nu*. treatment for our own. . . . I have no sympathy with that policy that denies tho appropriation nw^ssary fof the proper defense of our people. In a speech at San Francisco, he said: "All our instincts are in the lines of peace. . . WP would promote the peace of this hemisphere lv ludiclously placing some large guns about the n Gate -- simply for saluting purposes Ts), and yet they should be of the most rn type. We need a sufficient navy of flrst- ships to make sure that the peace of the Is preserved." To the Ecumenical ofÂ« the Methodist Episcopal Church, lie was President, he said: "We desire with the whole world. . . , We will imr gun foundries and possibly will best promott the settlement at international disputes by arbitration, by having it understood that if \ anted capitalization and the elimina- Grins and Groans. UAN SHI KAI, Imperial states- ^f I man, overthrower of the dy- Â· Â· nasty, President, then himself Kmperor and now again President of China, and a most ver- atlle diplomat, has been able to accomplish a good deal among his celestials, But there Is one thing that persistently balked his attempts at reform, the "pig- ail," which simply would not bo abol- shed, despite determined agitation. Any kind of adornment of the human cranium means its deformation. In ancient Peiu the seveiest penalties failed o eradicate the habit of reshaping the lead to suit the requirements of fash- on. Just to think of it! "Fashion" among the aborigines of Peru, the land of the "Incas." In some cases it was elongated, In others it was given the conical form of a sugar loaf. The na- ivea of tho Hebrides were satisfied with L simple depression of the forehead. The Chinook mother, who did not properly Â·nold the cranium of her child was "lazy," vhilo her offspring, through this "neg- ect," earned the ridicule of his playfel- ows So tfespotio was "fashion 1 even among the uncivilized nations of the long ago! Few of us know the exact origin oi .he wig. It was used flrst at a fair of St. Germain, in France, in 1614, wheie some performers sprinkled their hair with lour to make themselves look ridiculous. The French, who liked the idea, and with their Innate enthusiasm concerning novelties, adopted it. Within a century the wig had gained a vogue that every peas- B^rylnc to Optimistic. NCB there was a deaf man who wore on his mug a smile that wouldn't come off. "Why the perpetual smile?" we wrote on' a piece of paper and submitted it to him. "Because," explained tho deaf party, "1 can't hear the foot things people say." Way of the World. Some folks let out an awful gioan, When they talk of others' sins; But when the talk turns to their own, -- Their-groans~are turned' trgrlns. *=!=Â» Just a Way They Have. "Ever notice it?" queried the party who propounds questions in sections. "Did I ever notice what?" asked his one-man audience. "That the older a man gets the more respect he has for himself when he was a boy?" said the other. tion of competition. The consolidation of the independent companies invplved does not add to the values on which the public will bo expected to pay 'evenue. Prices will remain as before, and coni- etitlon with a powerful rival will continue. Al- ,ogether the merger not only is justified, but the Â·surprising feature is that the wisdom of it was seriously questioned. _ ,,_ _ , _ --^ ___________ ,, _____ --.-rr, ____ Vlore Good News for the Filipinos. His friends say that, as a result of the defeat of the administration's independence bill, Francis Burton Harrison will quit his post as Governor General of the Philippines. His withdrawal would not be among the least of the advantages :o the islanders^that may come out of the upset f the plans of the Manila politicians. That foupled with the announcement of Manual Quezon that he will not return to Congress should open the way for a constructive program of betterment. Those who have investigated recently, and the number includes some of Mr. Harrison's own party, report that conditions in the islands have deteriorated since he took charge. He was a Tammany congressman and is a statesman of the Tammany type of practical politician. He is resorted as having made wholesale removals of fficient public employes and as having filed the vacancies with a lot of agitators and incompetents. It is generally conceded that American prestige has suffered severely since he went to Manila. Discipline and respect for us and our institu-- tions have been lowerfid very materially by his methods of undoing what his predecessors had done. He apparently has been carrying on much the same kind of campaign in the islands as has Quezon in this country. The latter has published a monthly magazine, supposedly in the interest of the Filipino, to create-sentiment for immediate Independence for the benefit of a few Manila politicians. Neither has been the true friend of real progress in the archipeligo. Our Sawed-Off Sermon. But the man who Invariably looks before he leaps never acquires much of a Â·eputation as a leaper. , Cause and Effect. Ilarker -- Your friend Lambley is rather an odd chap, isn't he? Parker -- Yes--result of a plunge in the stock market a few years ago Ilarker-- How's that? Parker -- lie failed to come out even. Not Exactly a Boom. "The strength of the Hughes boom, if it may be called so," says the Boston Transcript, "is largely in its sincere spontaneity." "Nobody wants him^but the people," declares Col. George Harvey, It is not likely that there is any conscious rTHiese^ai^ertions, "buTSoTh^ar^"ve*ry wide of the exact truth. The Transcript, a serious-minded Republican paper, has pinned its faith to the Hughes banner and naturally looks .for.signs to, support the wisdom of its choice. _It points proudly to straw votes taken in Republican Legislatures and among politicians who have their own individual axes to grind and quotes favorable words from certain other newspapers- the number is really not very large--which are of like mind with Jtself. In these manifestations the wish being father to the thought, it sees a "boom" and spontaneity. But whatever else may be the character of the Hughes movement, it is not spontaneous. At least the irresistible conclusion drawn by readers of newspapers from all parts of the country is that it was launched simultaneously by its promoters a few weeks ago when it appeared that the great number of favorite sons made the prospects of any one of them doubtful, - Previou to that time Hughes's name had been mentioned in a tentative and doubtful sort of way, but there was no boom, no popular demand, no enthusiasm. In fact, so far as the general public was concerned, a great indifference prevailed. But all at once a class pf Republican papers began to sound his praises, to talk of his boom, to declare his popularity and to give out the Impression that a wild demand for him exists among the rank and file of Republican voters. Col. Harvey thinks he sees signs of this same popular uprising, but it is to be feared that he la misled by the loud shouting of the political boomers. No such uprising is discernible to those whose ears are perhaps nearer to the ground than Col. Harvey's. Justice Hughes is not, in the first place, the sort of man to arouse popular enthusiasm on the mere ground of his personality, and the uncertainty of his attitude in regard to the presidency has also checked any vociferous demand upon him. All of which is not to say 7 that he, does not possess qualities which would make him an acceptable and wise President in the cbuntry's emergency. It IB merely to put contemporaneous history right. Some Are Acquired. "They say," remarked the moiallzer, that aggressive and Impulsive people isually have black eyes." "That's right," rejoined the demoral- zer. "If they are not born with them they manage to acquire them later," Particulars Wanted. Lawyer--Are you married 1 ' Ladv Witness--No; I'm unmarried. Lawyer--What judge unmarried you? The Philosopher. "Is It easy to become a philosopher?" asked the young man from the tall grass ditrlct. "Easiest thing in the world," answered the home-grown specimen. "All you :iave to do Is utter truths you don't be- levo yourself and can't induce others to believe " What It Leads To. His Wife (reading)--A scientist claims that eryptocorfcuszanthogenlacus causes yellow fever. Her Husband--Is that BO? I always thought it was something of that kind that caused lockjaw. the Wherein They Differ. Little Lemuel--Say, paw, what's difference between a bachelor maid and a spinster? Paw--A bachelor maid, son, always lives In the city, while a spinster invariably dwells In a small town. Take Your Choice. "Who Is the greatest man living today?" asked Helny. "Well," replied Omar, "that Is merely a matter of opinion. There are several of us." Mia DeStyle-- Oh, doctor, you musf-do something to get me on my feet. This Is my "at-home" day. Dr. Cubebs -- Don't let that worry you, You'll be at home, all right. Wise and Otherwise. The kiss of a hypocrite tastes like trM Ice cream. Some people seek temptation In order to test their strength. Our national bird Is the eagle--with the stork a close second. Any man can get married--if he isn't too alow to embiace the opportunity, The Daily Novelette. Though skies be dark, Koflectlnff Bloom, Through mall and park The spring hats bloom WAS Rheuben Tossle's fust visit tew tha big city, and he was interested in all the doWs. "Gosh all hemlock, there's a policeman. Look at tho sizo of him!" he thought. And ho went up to tho officer, who stood 6 foot 8 in the -shade, and in quired, "Do you ever have tow arrest criminals and people, officer?" Just then the cop reached around and collated a man who was dipping into Reuben Tossle's pocket. "I'll arrest this one," he said, and marched him off. "By gum, of that ain't obllgta 1 , I don' knowl" thought Rheuben. "Arreatln* man Jest to show a stranger how It's done I Wall, I bo horn owaggled! And ho proceeded on his way till he came to flrehouso No, 3466. "What dew you dew when they's a fire?" he asked fireman No. 67425, who was giving an auto truck a drink out o his helmet. At that moment an alarm sounded fiom tho business section and sixty biave lads In blue slid down the pole, mounted engines and clanged out. "Don't that beat all!" chuckled R. Tos- Sle, "They ain't many fire companies would take all that trouble to give an exhibition Jes* for one man!" And when ho got back hum everybody believed him. craving of the better classes being tor 'hair from any head, living or dead." During the reign of George n of Eng- .and the wig took a variety of forms, serving as a sort of professional distinction, given such names as^'bob wig, 1 ' the 'prenttce minor bob," the "citizens' bob major" or Sunday buckle; the flat-top wig of students, the short cut bob of nine hairs a side for country gentlemen and fox mnters, and the "tail" wig, used by the soldiery. Then there were bag wigs and tie wigs, worn by doctors; wigs made of calves' tails, tower wigs and half wigs. "The "incroyables" of the French revo- utlon wore their hair over their fore- leads In "dogs' ears and corkscrew curls" until it gradually assumed the shape and bullrof a "cKtgnon." " * " In the fouiteerith and fifteenth centuries, also during the Stuart period, men's hair was cropped short, the puii- tanic style showing well with their somber cloaks, dark cloth doublets and hose. But he hair flowed out in long and luxuriant curls from beneath the cocked hat and over the attire of the cavalier of the imas. Under Charles II curls arose fibove mils In rows and descended over the shoulders and back in heavy masses. Noblemen, gentlemen, divines, learned men, soldiers, grave judges and lawyers "ollowed eagerly this fashion. True, some Â·lergymen tried to oppose the craze from their pulpits, but to no purpose, for In uveiy profession each tried to rival his "ellow in the size of his "peruque" until hey became quite enormous. The nobles of Normandy, in the six- eenth century, wore a feathered hat Tn the days of William III of England the gentleman's hat was edged with gold lace, ts low crown being concealed by plumes The eighteenth century brought various 'orms of the triangual hat into use, glv- "ng the wearer his choice between the 'military / cock," the "mercantile cock" and the "three-cornered cock." The email Nivernala succeeded the Immense Khe- venmueller. Then came, in succession, ound hats, turbans, hats with mammoth ;rlms, hats without brlms.cyllnder hats, felt hats, derbies and straw hats. Head ornaments Of women have passed through an endless variety of fashions. Simple, buttoned bonnets satisfied the feminine taste in Chaucer's time. The "horned" hat dress for women came Into use in Henry V's time. About 180 the "cannon" bonnet and the "sugar loaf" hats were in vogue. Tower and steeple headgear came into fashionable use in the middle ages. In 1698 men cried out against exalted ladies, who, with their lofty "tower's," threatened the skies and even defied heaven itself. It was impossible for a lady who wore a hat to sit Inside an ordinary hackney coach. On the introduction of the one-horse cabriolet a modiste In Paris Invented a "cabriolet" headdress, with sides imitating the wheels, and went on to develop other feminine headgear In the shape of post chaises and broad-wheeled wagons. In the seventeenth century Mine. De- Maintenon, King Louis XIV's last favorite, appeared crushed under her gold and biilllants. her headgear being heavier than herself/' The "coiffure a la belle poule" was all the rage during the reign of Louis XVI It represented a ship with spiead sails reposing on a sea of curls. There were also certain bonnets molded into the shape of birds, and rendered immense by extravagant accumulations of trimmings, The headdress of ladies rose and fell, so that some who once had been very nearly 7 feet high, shrunk to less than 5. It was such headgear as that which gave rise to an amusing satire in the days of George II of England. Here on a (air one's headdress sparkling sticks, Swinging on silver springs, a coach and six; Theie on a spring, or a stopped pom-pom, you BOO A chariot, sulky, chaise, or vls-a-vls The head of the eighteenth century beauty fashion was "frizzled up a yard high," heaps of tow and pa^s over which the false hair was arranged, and plumes of feathers of enormous magnitude or combinations of flowers; or coaches, horses and other absurdities. Wh'en the wife of Charles V put on a "two-horned" headdress, the women of "he time vied with each other as to who should wear the most handsome headgear "peaked HE man Keceived three bulky letters and did not look p l e a s e d aa he turned them over and then laid them down without open- Ing. "From girls, of c o u r s e," c o m- mented theJVasaar girl, "but why the frown?" "Of course, they are from women," he said. "Can't a fellow get letters from his mother and his sisters and his aunts, I'd like to know? No man ever writes euch long letters. The trouble is, I'll have to answer them." "I'll venture to say that by this time next month they'll be lying in a pigeonhole of your desk u n a n s wered," A TALK ABOUT s a i d the glil. LETTERS AND " M a y b e you'll LETTER WRITING. deign a p o s t a l card to each correspondent in the Interval to show you're alive, but postal cards are not real substitutes for letters. That is, of course, that will be the way if none of the letters is really from the only girl. In her case you'll write a page _ox Isa actually said all that can be said. A man doesn't know how to write anything but business letters." "What do you know about it?" asked the man. "You talk as If you'd had vast experience." "Haven't I uncles and cousins and brothers?" she retorted. "I know several things you don't give me credit for," "That may be, but if you don't know any better than to write fifteen pages of letter to a busy man, you have something to leain." "Don't you read your long letters?" she asked. "I don't intend to write letters long or short to any one who hasn't interest enough in them to read them. But I think you ought to be ashamed not to be glad to get a letter that tells you a lot of news when anybody takes the trouble to write it." "Oh, news!" he said. "That's different. But women take an Interest In so many things men don't care for*--things that are not news." "Pooh!" she exclaimed. "I never knew a man who wasn't as much interested in all the little gossip that gets Into letters as any one--or that doesn't get Into letters " "Don't quarrel, children; it's unbecoming," remarked the woman opposite. "For my part. I think any one who writes long letters and tells all the little details of daily life Is to be encouraged. They're the most interesting of letters to those to whom they are written and they will be even more interesting to the persons lucky enough to see them a hundred years hence I'\e just been reading some that were written away back before the United States had any postage stamps, and they give a picture of the life of the time that you don't get out of books." , "Moral," observed the girl, looking at the man, "keep your letters and pass them on to posterity. That letter from the Only One will probably read well in 2016." "Whatever you do," said the woman with emphasis, "answer your letters and do it promptly." "Following your example?" queried the girl. "Alas, no," the woman said, "only my advice. It's good advice." + + + S "I feel disturbed about Ann," said the woman from the gray house around the corner after she had said good morning and talked GIRLS WHO WISH TO TAKE FLIGHT FROM HOME. the a b o u t weather. "What's the matter with Ann?" asked the woman opposite. "I saw her yesterday and she looked blooming and full of energy." "She wants to go to New York and study art At first she wanted to go and do settlement work, but when I Insisted that she could have all that sort of work she wanted to do right here at home, she lost interest in it. Now it's art. Between you and me Ann hasn't the smallest gift for that sort of thing and will never do more than dabble at It I explained to her that she could dabble just afc M ell and .uiuLer the beat-of-teachers here In Indlan- (Te Paris Opera House burned down in 1760, femininity in that city would hear of nothing else in coiffures except "burned opera house headdress." The comet of 1772 gave Its name to a headdress of flaming colored ribbons. The Iphlgenla coiffure--a wealth of flowers surmounted by a silver crescent ^with^a^longr white, veil--flaadns. .behind^ was suggested by a singer Who woreTBaT costume at a performance of Gluck's Iphlgenie In "Aulls" A swallow pursued by a 'hawk fell to the ground one day on the Pont Neuf, in Paris, and stralglvtway an enterprising modiste launched the "swallow coiffures." The visit of a Chinaman to Paris brought in an era of pointed shoes and hair arranged "a la Chinese." The arrival of an unwieldy pachyderm fluttered the French capital with a mania for caps "a 1' elephant," and "au rhinoceros." In Marie Antoinette's day the hair was dressed "butterfly" fashion, or the ladles affected Biich coiffures as "spaniels' ears," "milk sop," "cabriolet." "mad dog" or "sportsman In the bush " ing- the revolutionary period advanced French women wore bonnets of the "three orders," "Bastile" bonnets, or "coiffure a la Htoyenne." Since the revolution the headdress of women has gone through a variety of changes. After the "chapeau empire" the fair Parlsienne of the parly days of the nineteenth century wore an Immense bonnet thrown forward and upward like a coal scuttle. Later came the voluminous bonnets of the restoration period and the hooded bonnets of 1848, from the capacious, vet graceful Gainesborough to tho tiny toque, scarcely visible on a lady's head, and from the" lace trimmed bonnets of two generations ago to the veil hung around hats of our own times. -r + -K Servants In a Chinese family are not expensive, so far as wages are concerned, but they cost a good deal In perqulslten. They help themselves to anything they desire. They use tho old garments of the family, hairpins and the toilet articles of the mistress, clothe their children from the common waid- robe. In short, they are part of tho family. The Chinese lady and her servants gossip together as friends, rooms are entered without warning, conversations interrupted and suggestions offered which, to foreigners, seem to be the grosoent impertinence, This h due partly to the restticted life tho women lead. Practically the onlv news from the outside world that cornea to the woman is brought by her sons or servants. She makes few visits, and these usuallv nt the homo of some relative, entering her closely-coVered sedan chair In her eourtvard and being carried swiftly to the courtyard of her destination. FLANEUR. (Copyright, 1916, by A. D. Jacobson.) apolis, but she says everything is in getting into an art atmosphere and that she can get that so much better in New York." "Gills will get restless," commented the woman opposite. "That's just it," said the visitor. "Ann's restless. To tell the truth, she wants to get away f:om home, though she doesn't bay Just that But I know It and it hurts my feelings and her father's. We do everything to make home pleasant for hei, but if she won't be contented, what more can we do? What would you do?" 'Let her go and try her experiment." 'But I hate to think of her living in a boarding house or In some Bohemian sort of way and making no one knows what queer acquaintances. Artists are so freaky, you know. I suggested that she go to Chicago and study and live with her Aunt Sarah, but she doesn't want to live with Aunt Sarah. I'm really unsettled about her." "Let her go." urged the woman opposite. "It will do her good. Ann's 23 years o l3--you see I remember--and old enough and self-reliant enough to depend on herself She wants to try her wings away from home. It's perfectly natural. You wouldn't expect your son to stay at home contentedly with nothing particular to Interest him." "But a girl--that's different," urged the mother. "I expected Ann to stay at home till she marries " have a short flight now. "The chances are^ that since she has no re,al gift for art, she Will tire of It soon and will come back glad to be at home again. But when a girl wants to get out in the world and do something--study or earn money whether she's obliged to or not--I'm for allowing her to do it. Times arb not as they were, _Glrls leave thejiome nest as well as boy3 TUnTT-ainrot be nedged in as they once were." "Well," sighed the mother. "I'm afraid I'm not up to date. 'aybe I'll let Ann go, but It doesn't sec Â»*Â«ight." ^m . IN MEXICO. New York World. It is not good form to speak well of the United States Army or Navy. But at the risk of transgressing the proprieties, we may be permitted to refer with becoming humility to a recent performance of American troopers in Mexico. On Maich 24, with 208 men of the Eleventh Cavalry, Maj Howze cut loose from all communications On an issue of five days' rations the column marched in twenty-one days 571 miles, only 100 miles less than the distance from Paris to Berlin. The country through which they passed is a desert waste. It afforded no fodder, and only at long intervals water for the horses, There were 1 no roads; at best onlv rough, untiaveled mountain trails. During the entire march they were beyong reach of relief. They fought several engagements and had only one man killed. There may be cavalrymen In the armies of Europe capable of equaling the feat, but wo doubt it. Secrets of Health and Happiness Why All Milk Should Be Pasteurized andKept Cold By DR. LEONARD KEENE HIKSHBEKG. A. B., M. A., M. D. (Johaa Hopkins University.) . AN Is Indeed a happy creature to be able to nourish himself upon milk, a drink from Paradise. Milk may be called "the blood and the life," because blood Is changed by some vital magic In the chemistry of the breast into the pearly, lustrous fluid so necessary to health, strength and vigor. The change from blood to milk takes place in the glands of the mother's bosom, or the animal's udder. These may be ever so perfect, yet If the blood is impoverished In the slightest degree the result Is defective milk. Any creature about to bring young into the world must be in perfect health, be fed well and housed under the best conditions of warmth and air. This is particularly true of those animals designed to furnish milk to be used for human consumption. A generous yield of good quality milk can only come from animals whose blood is close to 100 per cent strength. Before a baby, a calf, or, any animal is born it is fed by the mother's blood, which flows into the unborn offspring's veins and arteries through the navel. At Jiirth the blood flow ceases, and the blood that would have continued into the child's anatomy IB diverted into me ureas la 10 oecome mine. Composition of Milk. Cow'a ffllllrTs excellent food for grownup people. If you can afford to own your own cow so much the better. Should you own one, remember 7 " the easiest way to stop the milk flow is to fall to empty the cow'a udder completely. The least bit of milk that remains hinders the action of the milk glands and makes them incapable of proper exertion. Milk Is a superb ambrosia for living tissues. It aids growth, energy, warmth and vitality. Sugar, fat, mineral fertilizers, water and meaty proteins are contained In it. Some cows give more fat, others less fat. This substance varies in milk from 8 per cent to 7 per cent. Cream, of course, Is much richer, containing as high as 16 per cent fat. Butter fat is made of several duteient fats in milk, which unite to make globules. When they are volatile you smell these fats as flavors. When nonvolatile they are thick enough to make the characteristic fabric of butter. When milk soura It Is the cheeky protein, casein, which clots as a curd. This Is the same thing which rennet will clot to make cheese, another valuable ration. Sugar of Milk. Sugar of milk is the largest single, solid matter in milk. Its importance as a food Js only equaled by Its power to aid the dairy maid in creating butters and cheeses. It Is due to the action of favorable bacteria upon milk sugar that lactic acid of cheeses Is formed. When milk turns sour slowly in warm rooms or In sudden thunder storms it Is .caused by the quantities of lactic acid formed either by the Bacteria or the electric conversion of sugar of milk Into the acid. Only three- quarters of the sugar in the fresh milk remains. Cheese has little or none of this sugar In It, because It makes up 70 per cent of the solids in the whey left In cheese making. The germs that cause milk to sour are not those which produce disease, but they are indicators that the air, wind, fingers and water which carried them into the pail also perhaps carried worse ones. Often the bacteria which excite human affections are present before the milk I sours. To boll milk or to pasteurize It Immediately before you drink It-- not over an hour or so before, since iresh germs may easily re-enter it--is to kill most bacteria After milk has been-SteriJiaed in this way it should be iced and kept below BO degrees. ,j M + tnn All cities should have laws to require pasteurization and refrigeration of the milk or some equally Intelligent life preservative legislation. Answers to Health Questions. C. S., Shelbyvllle, Ind.-- Q. I have a small lump on the eyelid which I think is a tumor. I consulted an oculist and obtained glasses, but the lump still remains.) Kindly give me your advice. A.-- Consult a specialist, and if necessary have an operation performed by a skillful surgeon. C M. M., Greenfield, Ind.~Q. I am troubled with a severe choking feeling in my throat. There Is also a collection of mucus which is hard to remove. Kindly give me your advice. A.-- Have the nose and throat examined thoroughly, and have the tonsils and adenoids removed and the turblnate bone of the nose compressed so as to allow more air space. In the meantime irrigate the nose ana throat with alkaline antiseptic fluid diluted three times in water. D. H., Kokomo, Ind.-- Q. Kindly advise a remedy for a tapeworm." . . . ., 2. Is there any cure for valvular heart trouble. 3. What will remove a bad taste in the mouth on rising in the morning' A.-- Take one teaspoonful epsom salts, followed six hours later by a dose of mal fern, one dram, followed again six hours later by another tablespoonful of epsom salts. 2. A quiet life, lots of sleep, no excitement, and a studious life will help you. 3. Have the nose and throat examined and if necessary the adenoids and tonsils removed and the turbinate bone of the nose compressed so as to allow more air space. In the meantime Irrigate the nose and throat twice a day with alkaline antiseptic fluid diluted three times in water. Dr. Hlrshberg will answer questions for readers of this paper on medical, hygienic and sanitation subjects that are of general Interest. He can not always undertake to prescribe or ^ffer advice for Individual cases. Where the subject Is not of general Interest letters will be answered personally, If a stamped and addressed envelope Is enclosed. Address all Inquiries to Dr. L. K. Hlrshberg, care this office. Views of the People. What 2he Star's Readers Are Thinking THE CHEERFUL CHER.V5 my to Arvd not to -screwr* I tKmkIII try tÂ© mtJw my life. One t color Awful Wallop for Vox Popiuli, To the Editor of The Star: I wonder why you couldn't publish the piece I Bent some ten daya ago. If it had no more sense, reason or argument than hundreds you put In, I'd hate to offer it for publication. Or, jnayJie^yoj^like^to. pick out^the-most- senseless, unmeaning, cranky pieces you can get; it looks like it. Hull, Ind. WILLIAM B. BROWN. AVould Corral Voters at Polls. To the Editor of The Star: In the following are the principal outlines of a law, which If placed upon the statute books would abolish fraud at the ballot box. I would haVe 1 two inclosures or voting pens. The flrst Inclosure or pool would be a placa for marking or scratching the ballot. There could be chairs provided so that ail Inside this inclosure could be seated long enough to scratch or change their ballots. After making the ballot the voter should pass Into the second inclosure and vote as he passes in. No man who goes Inside to vote would be allowed to leave until all tho votes arc cast and the state of Indiana closes the polls. All the polls will close at the same time and all the voters will then be at liberty to go. The last named "pool" will be sufficiently large to hold all tho voters In one common rural township, and this inclosure could Include the township hall or school building. It should have but one entrance and that should also be tho exit. As every voter stays in the last pool after he has voted until the polls are closed and voting could be done very rapidly. The election board should consist of as many men as there are political parties in the field, and each party which has its name on the ballot should be entitled to a representation on the board. Ono poll clerk election board, the township trustee and two or three marshals in each pool would be necessary to hold an election. The township trustee, with one assistant, would keep the entrame to the flrst pool. He would hand the ballots to those who entered to vote. The assistant would see that the trustee was kept in ballots and that order was preserved. Tha ballots should be wrapped In small rolls and a rubber band placed around each. They would be placed In a large box or barrel, and taken out by the assistant and handed to tne trustee who passes them out to the voters as they pass In, each man getting a roll. Ho Immediately finds a seat, takps the rubber band off the roll and proceeds to scratch his ticket to suit himself. He would have all the time he wants and when through puts the band on the ticket again and Is ready to deposit hls-ballot. The hall or "chute" leading to the pool No, 2 passes a window in tho room which contains the election board. The voter hands his ticket to the man at the window, and at the same time gives his name to the poll clerk, who enters his name In a ledger. Tho voter then passes on to the next pool. The voting continues until all the votes aro cast which ?ould be done in one hour. I think that under this system there can be twelve votes cast every minute or 720 an hour. You will see that the polls could bo opened nt 2:30 In the afternoon and closed at 4, as tho whole precinct could cast its vote in one hour after tho polls were opened. Under this system It would nob be necessary for tho voter to register his name previous to the election, as the law presumes that each and every male citizen over 21 years 6f ago is entitled to a vote, unless he 1st unnaturallzed, and I am cocksure thoro would be no more repeating or voting dead men whose names are recorded on tombstones in graveyards, as la now done. JOHN NIPP SB. Rushvjlle, Ind.
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