Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 16, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Saturday, June 16, 1973
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ft « m * « * * * Us ft 4 Galesburg Register-Moil, Gdlesburg, III, Sat., June; 16, 1973 Please Don't Squeeze Mr. Whipple!™ EDITORIAL Comment and Review Road Beds So bad is the deterioration of tracks and roadbeds on the nation's railroads that the ride quality of several Amtrak routes has declined to the point where "almost the only people who will ride trains are pass' holders, railroad enthusiasts and those with an absolute mental or physical aversion toward air travel." And presumably one other category — members of the National Association of Railroad Passengers whose chairman, Anthony Haswell, made the above charge at NARP's annual meeting a few weeks ago. He cited a number of important routes — Chicago-Louisville, Chicago-New Orleans. Chicago-Denver •— that are plagued by- stretches with "slow orders" limiting trains to speeds of 30 miles an hour or less. Passenger train schedules over these routes are significantly slower than in years past. In some cases, far slower. Because of track conditions, much of the money spent on Amtrak is actually wasted. Haswell asserted. If rail passenger service is to attract patronage in competition with other modes of transportation, he added Deteriorating with unassailable logic, well - maintained track and roadbed is absolutely essential. NARP has announced a campaign to seek "vast improvements" in railroad track and roadbed and calls on the government to require all railroads to maintain their main lines to standards sufficient for smooth, dependable operation. If tracks were in good enough shape that freight trains could move at 60 m.p.h., the association notes, then passenger trains could be operated at 80. This could be increased to 90 or 100 svith improved locomotives with a "feather touch" on the track. It is interesting that at a time when tracks and roadbeds are in a sad and worsening state there is growing talk of having the government take over the railroads' rights-of-way (and the responsibility for maintaining them) as a solution to the railroads' troubles that does not go as far as outright nationalization. Should this happen, both railroads and erstwhile railroad passengers would be on the same side for a change: They could both blame Uncle Sam for the bumps. •* i .3 I « « * • * • a • a t * » •> i * I * i v I A ' *** Growing We, the people of the United States, are growing older. According to a recent Census Bureau report: —Today about 20.6 million Americans are 65 years of age and up, and the number is increasing by 300,000 to 400,000 a year. —The number of people over 65 will rise sharply between the years 2010 and 2020 when the World War II "baby boom" becomes an "elderly boom." —The proportion of people 65 to 69 is declining, while the portion of those 75 and older is growing. The time is coming, says one gerontolp- gist, when more than half our population will be over 65, a fact which is going to have major impact on many of our institutions and customs. Now the premium is on being young, notes Dr. Mary M. Sequin of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, who is one of a growing number of persons with doctorates in the field of gerontology, the study of aging. But when the population shifts begin U» occur — caused by a combination of medical Oldei advances and a declining birth rate — the premium will be on being older, she predicts. "The focus of power and values will shift." She foresees one major problem area in the economy, especially the job market, as technology eliminates jobs and we are forced to keep lowering the age of retirement to make room for new entrants. One possible solution might be for people to work in 5-year cycles. They would take a year or more off after each cycle, giving opportunities for more people to be employed. Americans over 65 are the new "pioneers," says Dr. Sequin. Before, not many people lived to a ripe old age, and those few older people were incorporated in the general population without anything special needing to be done about their special needs or problems. "Today we have a Ifjrge number of people in this group for the first time. They are pioneering new roles — being retired, being great-grandparents." Year-Around Wardrobe Separate summer and winter wardrobes may be a thing of the past in the near future. Latest news from the textile field is the development of a fabric which responds automatically to temperature changes. As the temperature rises, the fabric gets thinner and cooler; as the temperature drops, it increases in thickness and warmth. The secret is in hollow filaments or pillow-shaped pockets in the fabric which hold liquids and gases. As the gases come out of the liquid under cooling temperatures, the pockets expand. Then, when warmed, the gases dissolve back into the liquid and the pockets shrink to their original volume. Although not yet on the market, the new fabric has many potential uses. A carpet underlay has been successfully tested, for example. Other possibilities are blankets that will be comfortable at any temperature or draperies that get heavier as the temperature outside the window tools. Warm-cool clothing could be a boon to people like mountain climbers, who go through extreme temperature changes in a short time. They might also enjoy the comfort of tents and sleeping bags that yet warmer as the night gets colder. Nixon and Mitchell Closeness Is a Sham WASHINGTON (NEA) Watergate, with all its devStruc- tive force, somehow still has not smashed one myth that de* serves to die — the strong, persistent notion that President Nixon and his former attorney general, John Mitchell, were close personal friends. That they are not intimate now is accepted, since Mitchell couldn't even get to see the President when he tried here a few weeks ago. That they ever were is an erroneous idea that has astonishingly wide currency in the press and elsewhere, and beclouds understanding of Watergate events. IN MANY QUARTERS, for instance, it is almost automatically assumed that what Mitchell knew and did he quickly told Mr. Nixon, though not too much is said about the President consistently responding in kind. Both he and Mitchell fostered the idea of a close relationship, and succeeded admirably in purveying it. In a brief interview I had with Mitchell in December 1968, he. told me he did not anticipate serving as attorney general and added: "I probably wouldn't be coming here if it weren't for the other thing." He didn't have to spell that out. He presumed I would ac* cept the vague short-hand phrase as indicating Mr. Nixon's well-advertised reliance upon him for personal counsel. At 54, he stood Jn as a kind of elder statesman, if not a father figure, with his iron facade and ring of authority. MITCHELL SURELY DID have some clout in this administration. What is wrong is the impression of closeness. . The idea got started, of course, early In the campaign of 1968. Sources tell me that Mr. Nixon deliberately let it grow because he perceived it then as a matter of, great political convenience. One of the damaging consequences of his losing campaigns for the presidency in 1960 and the California govemship in 1962 was the belief that, since Mr. Nixon was presumed to be controlling all the levers himself, Comment By Bruce Biossat no one could speak for him or be counted upon to reach him directly with messages of advice. This troubled many key Republicans. In 1968, when Mitchell sort of stumbled into the campaign chairmanship as others like California's Gaylord Parkinson dropped away, word went around that the President liked the Wall Street lawyer's ways. THEY mm PICTURED as having be^n good friends from before 1968, when Mitchell's small but prosperous law firm linked up with Mr. Nixon's. The candidate quickly saw the Advantage In this portrait of a friendship. Politicians could and did talk to Mitchell with the clear conviction that he spoke for the candidate, and had his ear. The old fuming about not getting to the man was held to a minimum. Hardley noticed was how little real political experience the veteran lawyer brought to the job. Mitchell's appearance as the sturdy anchor advanced hint further In the President's mind. He wanted that seasoned, authoritative look for the Cabinet —but it took all his persuasive powers to lure Mitchell to Washington. Once Mitchell was here, the legend of their closeness was secure. Yet it has no reality, and the beteaguered Mitchell knew it long before he was indicted in New York in the Vesco campaign fund case. Filberts Would Quit Teaching Reading A new hypothesis attempts to explain the recent population migration to California. It's called the "Diastrophic Theory of Settlement," and it goes this way: About a century ago and before the invention of the seismograph, there was a sudden, undetected tilting of the North American continent sharply toward the west, and since then all the loose nuts have rolled into California. As an old Californian of 40 years' standing, I deny this canard with all .the indignation I can muster. Yet I have to say that a lot of nutty ideas seem to burgeon and ripen in the sunshine of the Golden State, especially in the field of education. Consider, if you will, the following contributions to the American learning scene emanating from behind the ramparts of the High Sierras and authored in my considered opinion by two 14- karat, genuine filberts. ONE IS THE statement by Prof. William D, Rohwer Jr. of Berkeley—where else?—urging that no child be taught reading, writing and arithmetic until he gets into junior high school. The elementary school years would provide Junior with "diverse i projects" which the good professor would permit him to select, such as computer programming and the "lore of professional baseball." How Dr. Rohwer expects the small fry. to program a comput- Comment By Max Rafferty er when they haven't learned to read, add or subtract yet is not quite clear, but that's what the man says, along with this absolute gem of purest illogic: "The older the student, the more efficiently and effectively he can learn." NOW, NO MATTER how you walk around that one and look at it sideways, it makes no sense at all. The whole push these days is toward getting the kids into school earlier, not later, and to say that a person learns things better the later he tackles them is simply to fly in the teeth of everything we know about mastery of foreign languages, just to give one example. Kindergarten is the place ©197} byNEAJi "Your mother and I lust ASSUMED that your college roommate's name was s^M'^ha -ni -i-iT The Almanac By United Press International Today is Saturday, June 16, the 167th day of 1973 with 198 to follow. The moon is between its full phase and last quarter. The morning .stars are Mars, Jupiter /ind Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury ami Venus. Those horn on this date are under the sign of (iemini. A m e r i c a n soprano Helen Traubel was born June 16, 1903. On this day in history: In 1871, the Ancient Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine was organized in New York City by Dr. Walter Fleming. Jn 1940, Marshal Henri Petain took over as premier of France and asked Nazi Germany to outline its terms of peace. He was sentenced to prison in postwar-1945 and died in 1951. in 1963, Russia put the first woman into space ... Valentina Tereshkova. In 1970, Kenneth Gibson became the first black mayor of a major Eastern Seaboard ciity—Newark, N.J. to start teaching French, and the later you wait, the harder it gets. But even if you grant Rohwer's premise, you end up absurd. If the older the student is, the better he learns, why not start .teaching him to read in the 12th grade? He should be four years better than he was in junior high. SHEER JACKASSERY. But Case No. 2 tops it. Clare- mmt College's Dr. Malcolm Douglas wants the school to stop teaching reading at all, on any level. He claims that "reading cannot be taught. The schools should stop trying to do the impossible." His point seems to be that reading is a personal, private experience. The most effective approach is to surround pupils with a wide variety of reading materials and to stimulate their thinking with interesting subject matter. Well, shucks, there's nothing wrong with that. It's just that unless a child is mentally gifted,.., you can •-••"surround" him with everything from James Bond to Playboy and he won't be able to read them unless somebody has first taught him how 1 to read. Reading isn't a natural process; it's a highly artificial one. As such, it has always been carefully taught, with much drill and numerous rules, and as early in the child's school life as possible, for the obvious reason that the child can't do much in school or anywhere else until he masters the essential tool which is reading. T WONDER'what our ancestors would have thought of this guff. They taught reading formally, with no nonsense, and I hey had a lot fewer nonreaders in their schools than we have in ours. And that's the under­ statement'of the decade. Anyhow, I'thought you'd be interested in;'the latest advanced thinking in the groves of aca- - deme. We're in worse shape ">. than even I suspected if tomor- ,.. row's schoolchildren are going' to be,"taught" along .the lines advocated by Profs. Rohwer and Douglas, a couple of real cashews if ever I saw. any. (Copyright 1973, Los Angeles Times) Crossword Puzzle World Tour Answers re rVerious Punle ACROSS 1 Capital of Egypt 6 Damascus is its capital 11 Harass 12 Products of oysters 14 Pendent ornament 15 Acquit oneself of 16 Peer Gynt's mother 17 Accomplisher 19 Born 20 Fowl 21 Pairs (ab.) 22 Land's , England 23 Greek portico 26 Disunites 29 Tear 31 Indian weight 32Baranof mountain ' 33 Light brown 1 34 Babylonian i coin 137 Sweet I secretion ! 40 Footlike part ! 41 Small child 43 Devour 45 Air raid precautions (ab.) 46 Present 48 Female saint (ab.) 49 Shrink 52 Landed property 1 54 Classifier 55 Long loose I garments 1 56 Pauses 57 More rational DOWN 1 Stops 2 Concur 3 Possessive pronoun 4-^_City, Michigan 5 Ship's lowest deck 6 Scantiest 7 Affirmative 8 Ethiopian title .9 Presser 10 Foreigners 11 Chief god of Memphis 13 Winter vehicle 18 Bitter vetch 24 Verbal 25 Military assistant 27 Calf flesh 28 Irish river 30 Cougars 34 Violent dread 35 Seek to obtain 36 Pedal digit ITT 38 Second sale 39 Jargon 40 Moccasins 42 Lock of hair 44 Golf mounds 47 This (Sp:) 50 Nights (sb.) 51 Obtain 53 Unit of weight r (NIWJPANR INTIRPRISE A5JN.) Qalesburg fegfsfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street qalesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 343-7181 Entered aa Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 187U. Daily except Sundays and Holidays other than Washlng- ton 's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day, Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Hubert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson. distant to the editor: Junius O Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., inc., New Yojk, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Sun Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotto MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION „ SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 80o a Week By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16 .00 M 6 Months 1.00 3 Months 15 25 1 Month $200 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier in retail trading tone outside City of Galesburg 5Uo a Week By mail outside retail trading rone in Illinois, lowa and Missouri and by motor route In retail trading /one: 1 Year $22.00 3 Months $8 .00 0 Months $1200 1 Month $2.80 By mall outside Illinois, Iowa ami Missouri', 1 Year $20 uo 3 Months $7.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month $3.00

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