Chillicothe Morning Constitution from Chillicothe, Missouri on July 27, 1890 · Page 9
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Chillicothe Morning Constitution from Chillicothe, Missouri · Page 9

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Sunday, July 27, 1890
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.* CHILLICOTHE, MO-, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 27. 1890. 12 PAGES. PART THIRD. Volume iv. No. nS.-NewSeries 11 I HOUSEHOLD SCIENCE. L Ather Woolen Good*. Woolen goods, from their nature, mus» Be treated quite differently from cotton or linen. While the latter, under the microscope, shows fibers comparatively smooth and jointed, a fiber of wool ·hows a somewhat rough surface similar to overlapping scales. From this fact two things become clear at once---flannels should not be put into very hot water and they should not be rubbe^ hard. Wool is an animal substance, and we might naturally expect it to behave somewhat like other animal substances under the influence of heat. When a piece of meat is put into boiling water or into a hot oven, the fibers at once contract, and the piece becomes smallei in size. Throw an old kid glove into boiling water and it rapidly shrinks til] it would hardly fit a doll's hand. All animal fibers behave in this manner to a greater or less extent, and if flannel is put into water anywhere approaching the boiling point, shrinkage will be the result. This is due to the actual contraction of the fibers; but if the garments are rubbed much, they will shrink from another cause--the matting together of the scaly fibers. In the cleansing of woolen goods, rapidity of action is of the next importance, particularly so with fine white or delicate fabrics. Have every thing all ready for rapid .work before beginning the operation. Three waters will ordinarily be enough--a nice suds and two rinsing waters, the last of which maybe blued for delicate white flannels, if desired. (In case of a cream-white, bluing should not be used, as the result would be likely to be an undesirable green tint.) The best soap should always be used, and some kind of nice white soap is especially desirable for white flannels. Of course, the water must be perfectly soft and clear. As it will cool rapidly, the suds may be made with water as warm as the hand can he borne in comfortably, and the addition of a little ammonia water--one or two tablespoonfuls to a pail of water, according to the condition of the garments--will be found a great help in loosening the ·irt. If ammonia is used, much leas soap will ha required. Indeed, some careful housekeepers use no soap at all in washing delicate new flannels which' are not much soiled, ammonia serving the purpose admirably. The reason of this lies in .the fact that ammonia is a' "volatile alkali" which is very effective as a detergent, while it quickly evaporates, leaving behind it no residue in the fabric, like soap, to make it become yellow or harsh. One thing is pretty well established--the less soap' used on flannel the better. Soaking for ten or fifteen minutes in the wash water, ·rill assist in the operation. . Instead of putting a little soap in the rinsing water to make it feel soft and slippery, it is better to put in a little ammonia water, say a small tahlespoonful to a pail of water. This water should also be warm, as well as the second rinsing water. Where there are two a work one garment, at a time can he put through the waters successively so that each may be hung up as quickly as possible. Do not rub the garments if it can be avoided, but rather squeeze and press them with tho hands until clean in all parts. Handle them in the same way while rinsing them and hang them out to dry in'the sunshine as quickly as possible in fair weather. In cloudy or cold weather put them on the clothes bars and dry quickly in a warm room free from dust and steam. Never use a wringer or wash-board. One lady tells as that she uses cool water for white flannels with excellent success. So reason at this writing appears why this should not be the case, except that warm water would naturally remove dirt more readily. Silk handkerchiefs and underwear are best washed in the same way.--Housekeeper. OVER POOR BABY. The Sw*«t Utftl* Darling C«u«* *wBea*«la- tlon Sensation. Mrs. Montgomery Larde has become the happy mamma of a baby boy who is a month old when he and his mamma receive a call from six of mamma's young lady friends, who rush in a body toward the baby and go like this: "O-o-o-o-h, the dear, tteeet little dar ling."' "What--a--jwrfect--little--beauty!" "Bless his dear little Jaart!" ·'Do let me take him!" "No, let me!" "No, me." "Im't he sweet?" "He's just as cunning as ever he can be!" "Isn't he, though?" "He looks ever so much like you, Minnie." "Think so?" "He's the living image of you!" "His nose is a good deal like his papa's." "What does papa think of him?" "I should think you'd be awfutty proud of him." "I am!" "Here, here, little manny, look at auntie!" "B'ess his own itty s'eet baby se'f. Is he auntie's--" "Now da let me take him." "No, it's my turn." "Oh, 7"want him!" "I do think he's the siceetctt baby I eeer saw." "Oh, I could just eat him up alive." "See that dear, cunning little dimple!" "Oh, rmut he go upstairs again? I must kiss him first." "So must I." "And I." "And 1" "Me too." "Now it's my turn. Bye, bye, sweetyf* --Time --Change of Heart.--Socialistic Mob-"Bring him out! Hang him! Down mit monbply!" Inventor (putting his head out of, the window)--"Goodness me! What does this mean?" Mob Spokesman--"You moost die! Ve hear yon invent a machine vat do de vork of von hoondret men. You dake breat outofdere mouths; you--" Inventor-"This machine of mine is an attachment for breweries, and will bring beer ·town to one cent a glass." Mob (wild? lj~"Hooray!"--N. Y. week\j. SUBMARINE NAVIGAflON. All the Bbata Hitherto Constructe Proven Too Cumbersome for TJse. At the famous siege of Syracuse (213 ;B. C.) trained divers were employed on work under water, but their work was unsatisfactory, since they could stay under water but a few moments at a time. From that time until about two hundred years ago there was little or no progress made in submarine work, but within the last two centuries efforts have been in progress for employing submarine boats; for the most part, however, these efforts have been failures, very few even as much as partially succeeding. To do full service, the submarine boat must be constructed so as to give fresh air (520 cubicinches per minute for each man), so as to furnish the means for freeing the air from poisonous impurities arising from exhaling carbonic acid gas; also the means of giving and governing motion in the submarine boat, and room for the workmen while.-under water. One of the first boats constructed was by an Englishman named Day, in 1774. The boat w's a failure, however, and. Day lost his life during an experimental descent in Plymouth Sound, in a vessel of about fifty tons burden. He intended to make it rise after a submersion of considerable duration, but failed. The next year one Bushnell, of Connecticut. contrived a submarine hoat to be used in warfare. It was of somewhat globular shape, and was propelled by a kind of Archimedean screw. This boat was, in a measure, a success, but it was never put to any practical use, and soon dropped out of notice. Robert Fulton, while in Paris, in 179G, invented a box which, when filled with combustibles, might be propelled under water, and made to explode beneath the bottom of a ship, so as to blow it up, but the attempt was an entire failure. Some years afterward, however, he really managed to blow up an old ship's hull in this country. He also constructed a submarine boat for the purpose of blowing up ships, capable of containing several persons, but when tried on several of the French rivers, it was only a partial success, and very unsatisfactory. Some of the suggestions about submarine ships or boats are to the effect that a boat ought to carry store-vessels containing oxygen to replenish the air, the carbonic acid being absorbed either by cream of lime or a strong solution of ammonia. In 1S59 much attention was attracted to a boat designed in Chicago. According to the patent, the vessel was egg-shaped in transverse section, and diminished nearly to a point at each end. The rudder was at the end of a hollow shaft, which also contained the axis of the screw propeller. The boat was completely closed in on all sides, except for certain pipe-openings. There were two iron tanks in the interior; one had air forced into it by an air pump; the second contained water, and was furnished with a pipe and stop-cock communicating with the first. The engineer of the boat, by pumping water into or out of the second, through the action of the air in the first, could raise or lower the boat as he willed. The boat was furnished with a steam-engine to provide propelling power. v The embarrassments to its use, however, were too many and difficult to establish its permanent success. Some years after a boat, called the Intelligent Whale, was exhibited at Brooklyn, N. Y. It was. of an extended egg-shape and provided with many original and needful contrivances. It was thought, when the boat was first exhibited, that the problem of . submarine navigation was solved, but after a few trials it was found to be too cumbersome for convenient use, -- N. Y. Ledger. _ THE VALUE OF ALASKA. Britannica. A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General Literature. EDITED BY Thomas Spencer Baynes, LL. D. and W. Robertson Smith, LL. I. : Assisted by 1,145 Contributors. N I N T H EDITION. DELIGHTFULLY FOOLISH. Since 1771 the Encyclopedia Britannica has been the crown ing work in Knglish literature. Its history and growth, are a par- of the history and growth and diffusion of knowledge. As the en- ilightenment and culture have increased, this monumental curriculum! of learning has grown and kept pace with them. | The completion of the Ninth Edition in 1889 has enabled the 'public to take the measare of this incomparable work and place it in comparison with .other Cyclopedias. The result has been to establish beyond question its unqualified superiority over any and all similar works. It is a giant where others are pigmies. It stands the noblest work in all literature ; the one only, adequate representative of the advanced thought and scholarship of the world. In the amount of brain work furnished it immeasurably transcends all competition. It is the only cyclopedia in which each princpal subject is treated by an acknowledged authority upon that subject. No other has spent one-third as much money on literary labor as the Britannica. Not one has given $10,000 for a single article, or $600 ii page for written matter as it has. No other can show a list of principal contributors either so eminent in their departments of scholarship, or varied in nationality and profession, or so numerous. The full list of contrioutors numbers 1,145 P er " sons, and includes the most eminent literary and scientific names of Europe and America. Scientific articles from the pages of the Britannica have been printed separately as text books for our leading American colleges. If these subjects are not -written up by the most advanced and eminent scientists, the articles will be out of date from the start, and this is where other cyclopedias are weak. Their-cheap office made articles on natural science are obsolete from the day they were written. On this point the Britannica is beyond all cempeti- tion. No one has yet dared to deny the freshness, accuracy, completeness and ability ot its scientific articles. The names of those who have contributed them are a guarantee of the highest excellence and the latest information. While the Britannica is the acknowledged standard, incomparably the best and most desirable cyclopedia in existence, its high cost has heretofore placed it beyond the reach of most people. The bar to its popular use has now been happily removed. the Opening °' the New Country Means to AmeMoan*. Americans are just beginning to learn something ol the value of Alaska. Fur seals and icebergs are not its only productions. The gold mines are valuable, though they hare not developed as richly as was expected, but- it seems that I the fisheries will outrank all other in- 'du»tries of importance, not excepting gold-mining and seal-taking. It is now known that the rivers of Alaska are filled with the finest salmon. The quantities are BO vast that constant capture can not diminish them. On the small island Americans have invested a capital of $4,000,000 and take and cure 81,000,000 worth of salmon annually. Similar establishments are found in other parts of Alaska, and it is said that there is enough salmon in the Territory to supply the world for generations. Travelers have recently been pouring into Alaska, and they say that in the southern part of the Territory vast regions are habitable, that the climate is tolerable, the soil fertile, and that the conditions u pon which the comfort of man depends arebetterthanin many northern countries of Europe which possess a considerable population. We must allow something for travelers' tales, hut it is nevertheless a fact that the climate on our Pacific coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic of the same latitude. While it is not probable that Alaska will ever receive more than slight immigration, at least, not until the world is crowded, if that day ever arrives, that country may become, notwithstanding the lack of people, an important source of supply. For fish and furs it will be unrivalled, and these are two commodities very important to the civilized rorld. What its mineral wealth is no one can tell. It may possess more gold than ever Australia or California had, but that is for the future. We only speak of the treasures already revealed. There can be no longser. any doubt of the great value of Alaska. Secretary Seward's bargain was not a .Louisiana purchase, but it was not the least profitable investment the United States has made.--Chicago Inter Ocean. The Real Beaion. Well, I'm sure," said Miss B'assee as her poem was returned to bar, "I don't: see why the editor returned it." ' * 'Because you sent a stampedj#nd directed envelope, my dear."--JN, TTTiSun. Stevens, Conger Botts OF THE Farmers' : Store. Control this grand -work £or this part of the Country. They give a way to the ir customers one volume with eactr $2O woi/th of goods purchased of them Queer Doing* of Several Vletlnu of Ab- ·ent-MlndedneBB. "Never was absent-minded in my life," said the little man, who tugged nervously at his bristling mustache. "But my father had one of tho wont cases I ever heard of. He was a man who used the good old-fashioned birch generously. To add to the good effect of the punishment he used to send us out to cut the switch. If it was not a good one he sent us back for another. Once he sent me on one of these melancholy errands, and as- my offense had been playing "hooky" from school for three days, I was in no hurry to return for my punishment. When I came in the room he was pacing thoughtfully up and down the room. '·'James,'he said, 'I am glad you have come. I wanted you for something, but it has slipped my mind. I will recall it in a moment.' And I discreetly backed out of tho room with my birch behind me, and tossed it over the fence. That was the last I heard of that, switching." "Case of suspended judgment," said some one, softly. "My brother," continued tho first speaker, "was as bad as my father. Ho lives in a Now England town and he went to Boston once to transact aomfe business which would occupy two days. At the end of four days ho had not re- ;urned. His wife's anxiety was re- .iovod on thai day by a telegram, which read: 'What I did I come to Boston 'or? Havo been trying to remember for three days.' " 'Real estate,' telegraphed his wife. " 'Of course,' came back the answer." "That reminds mo," said one of the party, "of a friend of mine. Be was a lawyer In a small town, and frequently after working late at night at his office would sleep on a comfortable lofonge which he had in a back room. When lie was married there was a wedding breakfast at the bride's homo and the couple were to start on an evening train for a wedding trip. H had to run around to his office for a few moments, having forgotten some little thing which had to be attended to. The aours went on and H failed to return to his bride. When train time came and no bridegroom appeared every one was thrown into a panic. The bride fainted and the news spread like wildflre in tho little town that H had abandoned his bride and fled the town. The only one who seemed not to suspect him was the bride. She, however, only shed tears, refusing to listen to any condemnation of her missing husband, but declining to offer any suggestions. Finally she could stand tho strain no longer and posted her father - to H 'a office. H had gotten deep into his work and was just on tho point of going to. sleep on his lounge. He was so 'broken' up' over his cruel blunder that he was ashamed to face any one hut,hls wife and extended his two months' wedding trip over a year. They made one of the happiest couples in the world, but to this day his wife has to find his bat for him and remind him what he wants to do when he leaves the house." "A similar case, but one which could hardly be called absent-mindedness," said another of the little group, "is that of C , tho stock broker. On the morning on which his first habv was born he came on tho floor with a radiant face. Catching sight of me, he rushed up and said, with a beaming smile and joyous eye: " 'Congratulate mo, old man; I'm the happiest father in New York City. There never was such a handsome baby born before.' " 'I do congratulate you, Harry, old man,' I answered, as he squeezed my hand warmly. 'Boy or girl?' "He looked at me for a moment and hen a wave of blank despair went over is face. ·I'll be hanged if I know," he said. disappeared from the floor, ut in a couple of hours I felt some one earlv jerk my arm from its socket. 'It's a boy,' cried C gleefully. I went home to find out,'"--N. Y. Trib- ne. NOTICE ONE and ALL! or until the firs t five volumes are thus disposed of, and then tht *y sell balance of set at the very small sum of $1.25 PER VOL Now, to all tr iose who wish to purchase the GOM7?L,ETE : SET OF TW ENTY-FOUR VOLUMES They will se n it at the wonderfully low Prices of $3O. This " is for the Entire Set of 24 volumes, and they g jvo the : VOL. ·: FREE, making 25 v^aiuies in all for the unheard of price o f$gjo. Call Examine this Literary MARTEL. Steven is. Conger Botts. THE VAUUE OF LISTS. An Ercelent System Deviled bv a Pro- B-reMlve Housekeeper. There is nothing in my own experi- nce which I have found of more value han lists--shopping. lists, marketing ists, lists for meals, calling lists, cor- espondenco lists, lists of every sort and variety to aid the memory and help toward the realization of the Scripture njuncture: "Let every thing be done decently and in order." First, let me speak of the list for meals, which, with the marketing list, las become with me a daily habit. As soon as convenient after breakfast every morning, having made a short inspection of the larder, and, if necessary, naving consulted the cook, I sit down and prepare a list for the next three meals. For this and the marketing list I keep on hand small blocks of paper (2K inches by 5 inches I find largo enough), and tear off the lists as I write them. The lists for meals 1 hang on a tack in the kitchen, by the side of the sink where the cook can consult it, and thus, If she happens to have a short memory, need not run to ask what was ordered for any meal. For the marketing list I consult the meal list to see what will be needed for the next twenty-four hours, adding to these articles any thing we happen to be out of, or any other errand I wish to remember. In this way, by giving not more than fifteen minutes' care and thought to the matter each morning, I am able to dismiss the question of food from my mind for the rest of the day. I do my own marketing, taking my list with me, and starting as early as I conveniently can every morning, in order that the butcher and grocer may deliver my orders before dinner time. My afternoons are always free for calling, reading or sewing, and I have invariably found that the cook likes the list system, and that I give up the practice for a lev, days she will feel lost without it-and ask for the "receipt," as onegirl !««*«-; ably called it. --Cor. Christian at Worn, Great Reduction Sale! FOR THE NEXT 20 DAYS as we want to raise a certain amount of money by that time we intend giving you never heard of before. We are making strong efforts to clear our counters. We do not hesitate to use the knife freely and Out Prices to the core. Our immense trade on WHITE GOODS, CHALLIES and WASH GOODS still continues and you can find ret- ty and fresh effects in every sort of weave. The warm summer temperature of June and July will give the light airy fabrics the preference, and you will do well to see what we have in that line. It makes no'difference how low you find othfer houses advertising, no how sensational they appear on paper, you can rett assured that the popular Cash. Prices of the RACKET, will always be found from 15c to 250 lower on the dollar than those houses that sell the bulk of their goods on credit and long time, and we assure you if you will call and examine goods and get prices, that you will be fully convinced that what we say is true. TM D ft PUTT nAb ali 1 Deuel's Old Stand, Chillicothe,

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