Home Paper of 70 Communities Galesburg lister-Mail Weather Stripe Brown Showers Likely Tonight And Turning Cooler Tonight and Friday A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXII — 221 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Lausche to Vote t Against Treaty, Has Misgivings Explains Ban WouldBeAid To Russians WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Frank Lausche, D-Ohio, previously counted as a supporter of the limited nuclear test ban treaty, told the Senate today he will vote against its ratification. He said that the ban on all but underground testing of nuclear weapons could "create a condi tion that will bring Russia to a position of supremacy in power." He added if that occurs, he has "great misgivings about what will happen to our country." He said that peace has been maintained only because of U.S. military might. Made Reservation Lausche had been regarded as a supporter of the treaty since, as a member of the Foreign Relations Committee, he lined up with the majority in its 16-1 vote in recommending it to the Senate. At the time, he reserved the right to change his mind. He became the 14th senator to Administration's Cuban Boycott Is Called a Failure NEW YORK: (UPI) — U.S. Maritime leaders today branded the administration's economic boycott of Communist Cuba a failure and demanded tougher measures to halt free world trade with the Soviet satellite. Ralph E. Casey, president of the American Merchant Marine Institute' (AMMI) and Joseph Curran, head of the National Maritime Union, joined in describing current U.S. pressure on Cuba as ineffectual to date. Casey said the AMMI, representing the majority of American flag shipowners, wanted sanctions imposed against foreign governments as well as foreign shipown ers trading with Cuba. "After more than a year of half-way (economic) measures (against Cuba), it is high time we arrested the steady buildup of (Communist) economic power in Cuba," Casey said. (In Wasliington today, government officials said French ships have started trade with Cuba for the first time since Jan. 1, when the U.S. Maritime Administration started a "black list" of free world ships trading with Cuba. (The officials said the State Department had taken up the matter with the French government, which said it has no control over the ships). Urges Stiff Sanctions Curran called for stiff sanctions against all companies and all ships of those companies engaged in trade with Cuba. He said the NMU has long sought an extension of economic sanctions against Cuba. Casey called on free world ship owners in the International Chamber of Shipping to voluntarily withdraw their tonnage from trade with Cuba. He said this would eliminate, overnight, 75 per cent of tonnage presently available to Cuba. This in turn not only would seriously handicap the Castro regime but increase tremendously the cost to Russia of Soviet economic support of Cuba, Casey said. Blasts Present Policy The present U.S. policy of denying U.S. government cargoes to only those foreign flag ships engaged in trade with Cuba was blasted by Casey as "too weak." He said whenever any ship under any flag is known to be trading with Cuba, "all ships under that flag should be denied access to (U.S. government) cargo." Since Jan. 1, a total of 175 free world ships has been "blacklisted" by the U.S. for trade with Cuba. Only five of those ships have been reinstated in U.S. good graces by withdrawing from such trade. The 175 ships — representing nearly 1.5-milHon tons of shipping —• made 271 trips to Cuba in the first nine months of 1963. British and Greek flag ships have been the most consistent offenders despite American protests, with 53 British and 52 Greek vessels blacklisted since Jan. 1. announce his opposition to the pact. His switch from indicated support reduced to 80 the number of senators who have announced their support of the treaty or indicated they will vote for its ratification. President Kennedy has asked for a big margin "to show the world that the American people want a just peace." He made a fresh bid for support of the treaty in his national radio and television address on tax legislation Wednesday night, saying the pact is "the first concrete limitation on the nuclear arms race since the bomb was first invented." U. S. Steel to Integrate Holdings in Economy Move NEW YORK (UPI) - U. S. Steel, the country's largest steel producer, has announced plans for a single manufacturing and selling entity designed to reduce costs and enhance the company's competitive position. The announcement made Wednesday night by board chairman Roger M. Blough said that starting Jan. 1 the company would start integrating domestic mining, lake shipping and the steel producing general operating divisions. Blough's statement said "some dislocations will inevitably result" among personnel but that the company "will make every effort to accomplish this transition with full consideration for the human values involved." Central Operation Blough said seven of the corporation's general operating divisions would be consolidated with U .S. Steel's larger steel-produc ing units of its central operations and "will constitute the new, single line organization for more unified and effective performance." The seven divisions named were American Steel and Wire, Columbia-Geneva Steel, Michigan Limestone, National Tube, Oliver Iron Mining, Pittsburgh Steamship, and Tennessee Coal .and Iron. The new entity will be under the direct line management of the corporation's present top officers and executive vice presidents, the announcement said. "Presidents of the seven divisions to be consolidated will assume greater corporate responsibilities under different titles in the revised organization," Blough said. "Every effort will be made to place other affected employes, giving full consideration to qualifications, past performance, length of service and willingness to move to new positions or locations." Port Arthur Wages Fight During Night PORT ARTHUR, Tex. (UPD- Mud-splattered volunteers labored through the night sandbagging a levee against rising floodwaters triggered by dying Hurricane Cindy. Damage to Jefferson County, where the cities of Port Arthur and Beaumont are located, was estimated at more than $5 million. Eight mayors asked the government to declare the county a disaster area, so it will be eligible for federal financial assistance. Rescue, workers still were removing persons from their homes today. The Pine Street area in southeast Beaumont was one of the last areas to be cleared. The rapidly rising Neches River posed, a threat to the east side of Beaumont. Overflowing bayous endangered sections of Port Acres, a southwest suburb of Port Arthur. Volunteers passed sandbags hand-to-hand like a fire brigade to shore up a levee where 800 homes were threatened. More than 10,000 sandbags were placed on the mile-and-a-half levee. "We are going to keep fighting this until wo lick it," said one worker. Senators to Get Facts on Gang Empire WASHINGTON (UPI) - Joseph Valachi, the underworld's most celebrated stool pigeon, will appear before Senate investigators soon to tell what he knows of the so-called "Cosa Nostra" secret gangland empire. Sen. John L. McClelJan, D-Ark., chairman of the Senate investigations subcommittee, said Wednesday that hearings on Cosa Nostra would begin Tuesday. McClellan said a committee alumnus, Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy, would be the lead-off witness. Kennedy once served as chief counsel to the committee. But the senator refused to reveal just when Valachi would testify. Valachi, who has been under round-the-clock guard by federal agents since he "sang," fears gangland assassination. He was being kept at Ft. Monmouth, N.J., but at present is believed to be somewhere in the Washington area. McClellan said Valachi, who is serving a life sentence for murder, will be an "important witness" in describing the inner workings of Cosa Nostra, described as a Mafia-type network of crime kingpins stretching throughout the nation. Indonesians Send Regrets l^or Violence PRINCESS ENROLLS—Princess Christina of Sweden, right, is shown outside a dormitory at Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Mass., where she will attend school. With the princess is Miss Anne D'Harnoncourt, president of the dormitory. UN1FAX i wwfflW'ii-i, i; HI sip T ' 1 .m 1 „ 1 i i STUDENT PRINCE—Prince William of Gloucester, 21, a cousin of Queen Elizabeth, is shown on his arrival at San Francisco preparatory to enrollment in Stanford University, the first member of the British royal family to attend a school in the United States. UNIFAX JFK Appeals For Support Of Tax Cut WASHINGTON (UPI) —President Kennedy has appealed to the nation to back his proposed $11 billion tax cut bill, a measure he claims will stimulate the economy and erase the threat of a future recession. The President made his plea for the bill he described as "the most important domestic economic measure to come before the Congress in 15 years" in a nationwide radio - television speech Wednesday night. Shortly before his speech, in a four-line note to Rep. Wilbur D. Mills, D-Ark., chairman of the House Ways & Means Committee, Kennedy pledged to forego government pump-priming outlays if Congress enacts the tax cut. He agreed that the two roads of pump-priming and tax reduction cannot be traveled at once. But as far as Republican congressional leaders were concerned his pledge and his entreaties fell on deaf ears. Press for Showdown They accused him of ducking the issue of heavy federal spending and pressed for a major showdown on a House GOP move to harness the tax cut. Republican National Chairman William E. Miller also sought equal time \ from the networks to reply to Kennedy's speech. The President voiced particular concern about the GOP move to sidetrack the bill unless his administration attains specific economy goals for the next two fiscal years. "Let us not be petty or partisan on matters such as this/' he said. "We are not talking politics 1 <c : sa Do So Under Pressure of Two Nations JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — Faced with a British break in diplomatic relations and prodded by Washington, Indonesia expressed regret today for the mob burning and looting of the British Embassy and other property. Strong forces of Indonesian troops appeared to have restored order in this capital after Wednesday's rampage by about 10,000 Indonesians protesting against the new, British-sponsored Federation of Malaysia. But in the uneasy calm, British women and children were preparing to quit Indonesia. Deplores Violence President Sukarno's government issued a conciliatory statement deploring the mob violence, worst demonstration ever staged here against a foreign power. British Foreign Secretary Lord Home had denounced "such uncivilized behavior" and threatened to sever diplomatic relations unless assured British subjects and property would be protected. Tho Indonesian government statement was issued after U.S. Ambassador Howard P. Jones called on Sukarno with a message from Secretary of State Dean Rusk expressing tho U.S. government's concern over tho rioting. Rusk voiced similar concern to Indonesian Ambassador Zairin Za.in in Washington. Offers Alibi The Indonesian statement said the government "certainly docs not approve" of mob action and blamed the outburst in part on "the destruction of the Indonesian Embassy in Kuala Lumpur (capita! of Malaysia)." That riot followed Monday's stoning of the British and Malaysian embassies in Jakarta. The Indonesian mob, screaming "Crush the British" and "Crush Malaysia," vented its fury against Britain's support of Malaysia, four-day-old nation formed in a federation of Malaya, Singapore and the British Borneo territories of Sarawak and North Borneo. Sukarno opposed the federation on the ground it would perpetual British colonialism in Southeast Asia. British officials believe, however, Sukarno is more u> tcrestcd in trying to take over Sarawak and North Borneo, which share the island of Borneo with Indonesian territory. Retaliation The Indonesian government said it had taken steps to prevent further violence. In Kuala Lumpur, about 30 anti- Indonesian demonstrators seized the former Indonesian Embassy residence and threatened to burn themselves and the building if police tried to eject them. Protesting the Jakarta riots, they vowed to stay inside until Malayan diplomats returning from Jakarta were safely home. The Philippines, also opposes Malaysia because of some territorial claims on North Borneo but has not been as vocal in its opposition as Indonesia. Malaysia has broken relations with both Indonesia and the Philippines. —we are talking about more jobs and fewer recessions." "The nation needs a tax cut now—not a tax cut 'if—not a tax cut 'when'—not a tax cut in the future nor a tax cut for the few," he said. "This nation needs a tax cut now that will benefit every family, every business and every part of the nation." Pledges Economies At the same time Kennedy declared he would not tolerate any wasteful or inefficient federal activities. He said his administration was pledged to a balanced budget within a balanced economy. Replying to critics he said had accused the administration of waste, the President said there was greater waste in having four million persons unemployed. The government, he said, is attempt- j ing to rid itself of any waste that exists. Soviets Make It Clear They Will Not Back China MOSCOW (AP)—The Soviet Union today cautioned Red China that good neighborly relations depend on respect for borders. It made clear Moscow will not side with Peking in any Chinese conflict with India. The apparent reference to reported tensions on the Soviet-Chinese border appeared in an editorial in the Communist party organ Pravda, assailing the Chinese attitude in its border dispute with India. Tho editorial reproached Peking for refusing to negotiate a settlement with India. In what appeared to be a veiled allusion to Moscow's concern over Chinese claims to Soviet territory, Pravda said: "As for tho Soviet Union, it treats with respect those countries on its borders. It understands that good neighborly relations are possible only with respect for the frontiers established between states. "In the question of frontier disputes, wo hold to the Leninist view and are convinced that there are no such disputable questions which cannot be settled by peaceful means, by negotiations, without bloodletting." Peking recently revived traditional Chinese rivalry with Russia over vast lerritorities China lost by conquest in the 19th century. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 26 PAGES Abingdon 12 Amusement 6 Bushncll . 6 Classified Ads 23-24-25 Comics-TV-Radio 22 Editorial 4 Food Section 18-19 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 12 Markets 21 Monmouth 11 Obituary 23 Sports 15-16 Weather 2 Women in the News 8-9 Education Cosily SUNDERLAND, England (UPI) —John Dixon, 21, read a book on gunmaking and decided to make a gun himself. He was fined $14 Wednesday for possessing a firearm without a license after his homemade rifle exploded, injuring him slightly. Papa Dionne Says Quints Are Fibbing CALLANDER, Ont. (AP)—The father of the Dionne quintupled said today his famous daughters' story about a hard and unhappy childhood is untrue. "There arc two sides to every story and Mrs. Dionne and I have «urs," said Oliva Dionne In an interview in the rambling farm house the family lived in before the quints were born. The mansion where the five sisters grew up was sold in 1957, and the parents moved back to the home* stead. He expressed dismay over the publication of a magazine article in which the four surviving sisters said: "It was the saddest home we ever knew." Dionne said "the magazine article is full of untruths." "I hate to think it was for financial gain, but if it wasn't for that, what was it?" In their story, told to writer James B r o u g h and published Wednesday in McCall's magazine, the girls complained of hardships, misery and rejection by their parents and other brothers and sisters. W8 Bones in the Attic BORDEAUX, France (UPI) -. Workmen repairing the Church ol St. Remi here Wednesday found 12 "very old" skeletons in the church attic. The bones were taken to a laboratory for an investigation. Canadian Prime Minister Calls on U. N. To Strengthen Policies to End Cold War Freddie s for Sale PETERBOROUGH, England (UPJ)—The neighbors said they j didn 't mind 14-year old Barry Rutterford's guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, and 50 parakeets. But they drew the line at a fox. "He was my favorite pet," sighed Barry as he put Freddie the fox up for sale Wednesday. UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (UPI) —Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson called today for a strengthening of the United Nations' political, military, and economic roles in order to make the most of the easing of the cold war. Pearson in a speech warned that "when the United Nations fails, its member governments fail. When it succeeds, the people, the plain and good people of all the world succeed." Offers Proposals Pearson, a former assembly president who won a Nobel Prize for the idea of sending a U.N. peace force to the Middle East after the 1956 Suez crisis, offered specific proposals for a stronger United Nations. He said all of them were de signed to increase the United Nations' chances of benefiting from the improvement in the international climate brought by the East-West nuclear test ban agreement. Pearson noted that the prewar League of Nations was 18 years old in W.iH — "the year of appeasement, of unawareness, of failure of heart and nerve." "The 18th year of the United Nations begins with a better balance sheet in a better climate," he said. "This is the assembly of opportunity. It could be the assembly of achievement and action—action for peace." Pearson said these steps should be taken to strengthen the U.N. role: —Appointment of a team of military experts to advise Seen* tary General U Thant on peacekeeping operations, and cooperation by member nations in having forces ready to move at the secretary general's request. "This could lead to a pooling of available resources and the development in a coordinated way of trained and equipped collective forces for U.N. service to meet possible future demands for action under the blue flag of the United Nations," he said. —Enlargement of the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council to better reflect the assembly's composition. At the same time, he urged modifi- eation of the Security Council's fuijetioas so that it will be "the main arena for political decisions on questions which require urgent action."
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