The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 13, 1954 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 13, 1954
Page 5
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TUESDAY, APRIL 13, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS The McCarthy Story-7 Witnesses Who Have Testified Before McCarthy Call Experience Terrifying' EDITOR'S NOTE: Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy says people under investigation before his subcommittee enjoy more privileges than they would get in a court of law, but in this article — seventh of a series — some of these people used words like "Terrifying experience" . . . "The inquisition of old" . . . Hydra-headed interrogation" . . . By RELMAN MORIN WASHINGTON (AP) — People who have been targets in Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy's investigation of communism struggle for words when they try to tell how it feels to be on his subcommittee's witness tween investigation and persecution. During the uproar over McCarthy's questioning of Brig. Gen. Ralph W. Zwicker, the Chicago Tribune commented editorially: "It seems to us that Sen. McCarthy will serve his cause better if he learns to distinguish the role of investigator from the role of avenging angel." The Tribune generally has supported McCarthy. McCarthy's view is that he grants a witness more latitude than the witness would have in a court of law. He had this exchange with Reed Harris, former deputy director of the International Information Administration: Harris: "As I have said before, sir, I do not feel that there is a fair atmosphere where the prosecutor and the judge and jury are consolidated, in effect, in one person and where the whole staff, legal staff, j is devoted to the prosecution." Questioning by McCarthy andj McCarthy: "I must interrupt you, his counsel has been called "an j Mr _ Harris. I would like to ask you ordeal . . . a thoroughly terrifying experience." A lawyer who represented a witness wrote: "It smacks of the star chamber and the inquisitions of old Curtain countries." A former State Department official said: "I chocked up for several minutes ... I just couldn't speak." A newspaper editor, recounting his reactions to a statement by McCarthy, said: "His words registered slowly. I must have looked baffled as well as astonished, almost incapable of trusting my own senses." These expressions came, of course, from witnesses under investigation, not those put on the stand to give testimony against them. Through speeches and statements in the more public phases of his activity. McCarthy has generated fierce feelings the four years since he first began talking about communism and Communists in government. But even more violent 'emotions what additional privileges you want. We have been conducting a very unusual hearing, one that would never get in a court of law because you would not be accorded these privileges. * * * "In a court of law you would be allowed to come in and refute what has been said at the end of the hearing. We are allowing you to break in whenever you want to. We that he is confused is to put it mildly." • * * Regarding the charge that McCarthy sometimes takes the position a witness is guilty until proved innocent, Green cited this statement to his client, which he called "an inquisitorial example"— "I am troubled by what a witness testified to yesterday. I asked him if you were a Communist and he refused to answer upon the ground that it might incriminate him. Why should he refuse to answer? It seems to me from this that you are a Communist." Green says he told the committee that that was not fair. His article continues: "Why not ask my client if he was a Communist? Silence. I then turned to my client and asked him to state on the record whether he was a Communist . . - and client stated emphatically that he was not." James Wechsler .managing editor of the New York Post, also sum- .moned before the committee, came away from his hearing with a similar reaction. McCarthy told him the hearing would be about some books Wechsler had written and which were in U. S. Information Service Service libraries around the world. The senator said to him: "You see your books—some of them—were paid for by taxpayers' iii wuciicvci juw VYO..UU i,w. " >* , _., -L. • j -i have given you the right to have money. They are being used al- counsel. We have told you you can legedly to fight communism. Your suggest any witnesses you want to call, that we would call them. We intend to do that." A Washington lawyer, Francis Flanagan, was chief counsel on McCarthy's staff for years. .Flanagan says: "I think he's been unfairly criticized for his methods. If on occasion a senator or counsel loses his temper that's a reflection of the human element. Any lawyer, questioning a difficult or intractable witness, may sometimes blow up." A New Jersey lawyer, Harry justice. have been aroused in the rooms, Green, was counsel for a witnes where he holds his meetings. He f called by McCarthy's subcommit- has been accused of mishandling j tee when McCarthy was investigat- witnesses there, and of violating mg W hat he called "the earmarks the first principles of American O f espionage" at Ft. Monmouht. ' Green wrote in the New Jersey Law Journal: "Counsel for the witness is immediately told off, as follows— " 'You will be permitted to sit with your client. You may consult with each other, but you are not to participate in any other manner in the hearing^ " 'You are not to ask questions, you are not to crossexamine, you are not to make objections, you are not to argue. You may remain id^: these conditions.' 'Your client is then subjected' to a hydra-headed interrogation from committee is to investigate "the operations of all government departments at all levels"— in short, to gather information but not to prosecute. Over and over again, people have come from these hearings asserting that: 1. McCarthy plays the role of prosecutor, not investigator. 2. He takes the position that a witness is guilty of something and places on the witness the burden of proving' his own innocence. record", as far as i can see it, has not been to fight communism. You have fought every man who has ever tried to fight communism, as far as I know." Wachsler produced what he thought was convincing proof to the contrary—a Communist party statement of December 1&52 containing a bitter attack on him. "I am rather fond of this tribute," he said, "and it may perhaps have some bearing on your comment that I have not been active in fighting communism." McCarthy's rejoinder was: "Did you have anything to do with the passage of that resolution? • * • • Wechsler says he was taken completely aback. He continued: "Thus, within 10 minutes after the hearing had begun I found myself in the preposterous position of denying under oath that I had inspired the long series of Communist attacks against me. climaxed by the denunciation of the Central Committee. "Here indeed was a daring new concept in which evidence of innocence becames the damning proof of guilt." Witnesses sometimes report they counts of the Soviet trials or the courU or (he Nazis have never come close to tliis. It is a thoroughly ter- nfyiiiK experience. "I wish I could convey how It feels to sit there and see situations, events and facts about people distorted out of all appearance of truth. Nobody can adequately describe J(. "The whole effort seems to be to contuse a witness, to break him clown, not to get the facts of the case." *r members of the subcommitte Harris said his feeling on the wit- than from McCarthy and his pres- j ness siand wrts thsit McCarthy ent chief coWl Roy G. Cohn. adopts ••« cold, bloodless manner ent cwei counsel, «^ rmer ^ s j that gives you the feeling he is in: completely contemptuous of you post after he committee. i sioppod-beating-your-wife" type of """"—• . „ nf A n im- • (1U( ' sllon that is incriminating no -There was much more of. an im . maU(?r how . f .^ aaswered> * s mm- -• nse, en. pression," he says, "that tne co« i J:u , kst)n (D . Wash) ft member of mittee as a whole was altei uu« ; tne investigating subcommittee, al- mation. The other senators asjrcu! so has madg m& chftrge against honest question. Only Cohn ana , Cohn McCarthy asked dirty questions. | Harris said that after the hear- Roy Cohn passed his 27th birtn- m^s he received 3,011 letters from day last Feb. 20. He is short and; people around the country. dark and gives the impression of | "Only three were unfavorable to tension His movements are quick | me." he said. "A great many ex- ress and . jerky He has a machine gun : pressed anger over the way my manner of speech, and he seldom ; 1 ™'-^vas conducted/' seems to be without an answer. ! But two former McCarthy staff worked on the perjury trial, the Julius and Ethel They wrote: perjury trial, tne juuus *"« -— ~ lt is certainl ^ characteristic Rosenberg espionage case* and^ the of McCarthy to come forward with trial of 11 top Communist leaders in dispassion . lte New York. forward with recitations of the Rather, like an attorney v. . . ce an aorney Reed Han-is said his own hearing ^ .summing up his case for the jury left him with the impression that j McCarthy emerges as an interpre- "Cohn's job is to prepare a 'script | ter of the fact: he assumes the role for use against the witness. Then, during a hearing, if something turned up as evidence that didn't fit Cohn's script, they would ignore it. The answers were either ignored or the facts were taken and twisted into a mythical plot." the fact: he assumes the role of the government advocate. WARNING ORDER N T THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI, COUNTY, ARKANSAS. ! Mirley Logan, Flu. vs. No. 12 No cnarges were placed against | MarvinX £ OBan Dft Harris either before or_aftei-his j The delendan ^ j heanng, but he was examined tiiree, hereby ^^ ^ • ^ hours in a closed session and a total thi — of nearly 15 hours in five public — and televised — sessions. The examination focused on a number of points—a book he wrote more than 20 years ago, security clearances for some State Department officials, the location of two radio transmitters for the Voice of B c Mead ^ os America and the cancellation ofj c j aurip * F Pnri ^; some Voice of America Hebrew language broadcasts to Israel. "It seemed to me," Harris said. "that all this was being put together to show a conspiracy existed, some sort of fantastic plot that I was operating." He told the committee the Hebrew broadcasts were cancelled purely for reasons of economy. However, Harris said later, the fact that they were discontinued at the time of the "Jewish doctor's plot" in Moscow—prior to Premier Stalin's death—brought inferences in the questioning that, he had deliberately ignored a propaganda weapon of immense value in Israel. provinE ma uwii luuuuciiue. o- ^j^ "-*•"-——~— => ±-^ *v, 3. He violates the boundary be- all around the table, and to say I get better treatment from the oth- the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plantiff, Mirley Logan. Dated this 29th day o. March, 1954. GERALDINE LISTON, Clerk By OPAL DOYLE. D. C. , idwos, attorney for Pltf. Claude F. Cooper. Atty. Ad Litem. 3/30 - 4/6 - 13 - 20 Men! 'Old at 40, 50. 60?'lYou're Crazy Feel Years Younger -or no cost You don't risk a red cent! 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