Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 15, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, June 15, 1973
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"And When You Get It Fixed, I'd Like to See the Wiring Diagram! 91 P s 3 • * 2 * ^ 111 'li •Si *( KJ .ft III i .ft -5! 4 « >3 •at i ft EDITORIAL and Review 1 i Political Envoys Out The venerable, if not exactly "time- custom of rewarding Itributors with a be :5" " * ' *mourn it. * A pending and policy statement by the Foreign' Relations Committee wready accepted in principle by the State ^Department, would permit only 15 per cent $of ambassadorships',to be drawn from out«side Foreign Service ranks (compared with ja current average of 30 to 35 per cent for loncareer appointments). In addition, any nominee for an am- L ibassadorship who contributed more than 4 .1 .000 to a campaign by the committee , few willl regret * To repeat, few lot the old system, except perhaps those *"fat cats", who felt that the prestige of *the thing ..or "the social class it gave them J entree to was worth what it cost them 5 to maintain their posts (more about that 8 below). | However, because everyone these days I has been primed to believe the worst about {politicians, and political contributors, it m should be pointed out that the conferring *of diplomatic plums in return for cam- Spaign donations was one of those practices which, like Topsyy just growed and was not necessarily the product of conscious r evil. 4" It was a self-feeding process: Because a stingy and moralistic Congress consistently refused to provide the funds necessary to run the nation's foreign embassies, particularly in the department of entertainment, only rich men willing to dig into their own pockets could afford to be ambassadors. Or maybe it was the other way around: Because an ambassadorship was a convenient way to reward a political contributor, and since most contributors were perforce welVheeled, the Lemonade Lucies in Congress were able to score points with the public by refusing to vote enough funds to run an embassy in the manner in which the members of the international diplomatic set had accustomed themselves (even if it was only nibbling free sandwiches at the traditional Fourth of July open house). Whichever way it happened, the result was the same. But if the fat cats no longer underwrite a significant part of the nation's diplomatic functioning, that means Congress wilj have and that brings us back where the to whole thing started. « m Going, Going Gone «wim Who would bid $1,000 for Mark Spitz' trunks (minus the swimmer)? Or $7,500 sight unseen for 100 shares of un- r [Specified stock? Timely Quotes The people I'm furious with are the women's Jiberationists. They keep getting up on soapboxes and proclaiming that Jwomen are brighter than men. That 's true, uibut it should be kept very quiet or it ruins jthe whole racket. :jj —Anita Loos. *} The old-time doctor who sat by the *(>atient's bed while he died was held in Snigher esteem than the physician of today $who provides a prescription and then absents himself while his patient recovers. 9 —Jlenry piaster of Beth Israel Medical J Center, New York. This business of just stringing this thing along is poor tactics. There 's nothing Jthat could be brought out that would be as detrimental es letting this thing go on. Se Norri* Cotton, R-N.Ji, urging to act to clear up the President Ni*on Watergate scandal. Fortunately, a lot of people would, These items, and others equally unusual, were offered and snapped up by bidders in the fifth annual auction conducted by station KCJ3T in Los Angeles. All toVl, a record $471,000 was raised by the prominent public television channel in a recent nine-day marathon. (Incidentally, the fellow who bought the stock, donated by an investment firm, lost $3,325 on the deal), KCET, like many other nonprofit, noncommercial public or educational television stations around the country, annually conducts such auctions to help offset operating deficits. Since 1969, this ope station has raised more than $1.4 million. It says something about the plight of public TV that it is forced to resort to such gimmicks in order to stay in business. But it also says something about public regard for this branch of the medium, at least from a loyal core of supporters, in that the auctions have been so successful that they have become a regular institution. The white voters of Los Angeles, the nation's third largest city, have combined with the black voters and the Mexican- American ones to elect Tom Bradley as the city's first black mayor. In doing this voters piled up a margin of 97,000 votes for the former Texas sharecropper, police lieutenant and city councilman over the total of Mayor Sam Yorty, who has occupied the office for 12 years. Bradley's performance was strictly in the tradition of every candidate of an American minority. Since the black population of Los Angeles amounts to about 18 per cent, the first task was to win support from among 82 per cent non-black voters. Bradley did this, enlisting almost-50 per cent of the white voters and about 51 per cent of the Mexican-Americans. It is estimated that he garnered about 54 per cent of the so- called Jewish vote. THIS TACTIC must be the, style of any candidate of a minority which, though it mustered every possible minority vote, could not elect its leader. Though it often presents unfair aspects and is not a test on merit alone, it has to be the only feasible tactic for the winning of new general ground for minorities. Bluntly, Negro Americans, except for the truths which must always be voiced, must adopt the Bradley campaign techniques. Here, first of all, was a man qualified by both training, and experience In the government of a city. Here was no pretender with a black skin as his only talking point. He came to Los Angeles from Texas and began his climb through the schools and UCLA in the police department. He rose to the rank of lieutenant. He practiced law and was elected to the City Council, 19634973. HE WAS president-elect of the National League of Cities and president of the Southern California Association of Governments. The Los Angeles Times referred editorially to the "confidence he has earned by years of work as a public servant, years in which he came under the close scrutiny of the public eye." Undoubtedly, there are white Angelenos who find a black mayor hard to take. They may never be reconciled to such a state of affairs. But to their credit, other thousands of whites Los Angeles has turned from the plodding past to the challenge Ing Mure. Voters have rejected the old idea that there is a certain "place" for black people and have called one of them to office. Not its, highest Negro, but Tom Bradley. any OTHE might well were outraged at the naked appeal to whites to vote simply and solely against a man because he was black. "Without being prompted," said a news account, "voters in potential Yorty precincts told reporters they did not like the Yorty campaign letters and their seeming appeal to racial feeling." There are plenty of angles in the election that cry for comment, but the one to which any observer gives attention is that w '* r look around among their minorities and find a leader who will face ahead and match his city toward the horizon, rather than toward the dark rear, floundering in racial prejudice. Break* Ing loose is not easy, especially breaking loose from the black- while thought patterns, but the plight of our cities is desperate enough to overturn all the old ideas. ' IT MAY BE, as Tom Bradley declares, that Los Angeles will be made "one of the great cities of this world/ There will be plenty of econorrtic and political obstacles to be met. All will not be overcome, but if black citizens will maintain their position that a black mayor must be fair to the whole population, if the white voters will give the new mayor a chance, Los Angeles may show other cities a way out. 4 + Political Pressure Failed to Halt Tragedy WASHINGTON Far from the tumult of the American political campaign, in the African •state of Burundi, the massacre of a quarter million people was reaching full horror a year ago. From early May through August, the tall statuesque Tutsi nobility undertook the systematic slaughtering of their etibnic rivals, the Hutus. The Tutsis literally went crazy with revenge over the attempted Hutus coup. When ammunition ran short, the Tutsis used sledgehammers and even bulldozers to massacre the Hutus. Some Hutus managed to flee the country but most were not so fortunate. Men, women and children were murdered at a rate of more than <a thousand a day. IN WASHINGTON, meanwhile, both the White House and the State Department were aware of th& enormity of the carnage, but made no public protest. Instead, official Washington chose "quiet diplomatic pressure" which failed utterly to alleviate the tragedy. Now, a year later, a special task force, funded by the prestigious Carnegie Endowment, has reconstructed the sad tale of U. S. inaction in the face of mass genocide. Project director Roger Morris, a former aide to Henry Kissinger on African affairs, describes the U. S. policy as "largely a record of indiffer­ ence, inertia amd irresponsibility. The unpublished study singles out two State Department officials — Assistant Secretary David Newsiom and Central African Affairs Director Herman r Cohen — as the policymakers who "made the crucial decisions." HERE ARE its major charges against the two officials: — The policymakers "rejected out of hand" a proposal to place an embargo on American imports of BurundJan coffee, even though some sanction of Burundiian coffee could have been used as a strong bargaining tool. U. S. coffee purchases © 1973 by NEA, Inc. "Act liberated! Here comes Shirley /Macla/ne/' M Qalesburg Regisfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street Gaiesburg, Illinois. SU01 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343-7181 n SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Gaiesburg 50c a Week Entered as Second Class the Post Of/ice at Guli linols, under Act of C< March 3, 1879. Daily excej and Holkkivs nUu -r th.'m Second Class Matter at 'f/Jce at GaJesburg, n* Congress of and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritehard, publisher: Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives; Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New Yuik, Chicago, iJettoit, Los An- gcies, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, I'utsburgh, Boston, Chariot! e» By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16.00 3 Months %5 25 6 Months $ fJOO 1 Month $2.00 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Currier In retail trading zone outside City of Gaiesburg 50c » Week By mail outside retail trading zone In Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: l Year $22.00 3 Months $0 00 g Months_ $12.00 1 Month $2.50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: i Year $20.00 3 Months $7.50 H Months $14.50 I Month ft.(XI account for 80 per cent of Burundi's export earnings. "The coffee proposal never received a serious hearing," the report charges. The proposal, in fact, was not even discussed infor- nially with Folger's Coffee, the main purchaser of Burandiiatn coffee. The Nixon adminis-tra- tion, however, would "have enjoyed ready access" to Folger's "had it tried," says the report. For former top White House aide Bryce Hanlow was'then in charge of government affairs for Proctor and Gamble, the parent company of Folger's. The policymakers ignored own can affairs, Keith Huffman, who advised' stronger action. In mid^August, Huffman put his argument in writing in m inter- nail memo. "While taction in the . face of a human .rights crisis flight be nationalized on the grounds of political expediency, such expedience cannot justify U. S. action. . . ." The policymakers "repeatedly misled Congress." As one example, -the Carnegie study notes that Sen. Ted Kennedy, D-Mass., was assured in mid- June (that "the civil strife had ended." A week later, from Burundi, U. S. Charge d'Af- faires Michad Hoyt described the killings as "selective genocide." And the killings continued unabated through August. — The policymakers, overly cynical, knew from the start their ' 'quiet diplomacy*' had "little chance of relieving the tragedy." Adds the report: "Though that failure soon became obvious, policymakers then stood by for nearly four months while the killings went self, the United States persisted to try to involve the Organization of African Unity, various African heads of state and the United Nations. "None of the efforts to involve the Africans was successful. . . .u. S. officials wiere not particularly surprised by this failure." Throughout the summer, U. S. reaction to the killings was described by the State Department officials themselves as "routine." The one bright spot in the U. S. handling of the Burundi killings occurred in early May when Ambassador Thomas Malady broke through, red tape and got $100,000 worth of emergency id for the Hutu victims. a 4 "_L MELADY ALSO arranged a i "low-key" letter of protest from the Papal. Nuncio. But three weeks later, incredibly, Melady was reassigned to ^Ug^nda^ .an-? other African ^troubliefepqt/ 'So,' from June until September 1972, at the height-of the killings, there was no U. S. ambassador "in Burundi. Footnote: We were unable to reach Assistant Secretary David Newsoon for comment, but his subordinate, Herman Cohen, told us that the White House "was very much aware" of State Department policy toward Burundi, "We : did what we thought was right," said Cohen. He added that he thought no policy — short of military intervention — could have stopped the killings. (Copyright, 1973, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) on. RATHER THAN make the "tough choice" and involve it- Now You Know By United Press International The walrus will go to the aid of a wounded member of his species rather than swim to safety. Crossword Puzzle MKMBKft AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION ACROSS 1 Precipitation 5 Frozen rain 9 Soggy 12 Preposition 13 Latin interjection 14 Before 35 Roman road 16 On top of • 17 Compass poin 18 Wise counselor 20 Lived in cozy pjace 22 Hovel 23 Theater sign 24 Dampen 28 Sassy 32 Feminine) name 33 Snow (Scot.) 34 Atmosphere ; 35 High card ! 36 Soviet Socialist Republic (ab.) 39 Diminutive euffix 40 Encounter 42 Instructs 44 Native metal 47 Spring month (ab.) 43 Haln 5i Atmosphoric disturbance* 55 High rocky hill 56 Italian river 58 Sheep pelt ; 59 Night bird 60 Maize 61 Diminutive suffix 62 Doe, Carolina river 63 Musical sounds 64 Act DOWN 1 Destroy 2 Poker stake 3 Residents of (sufflx) Direction (PL) Encourage Deed Religious pictures One having leprosy Departed Sea eagle Placed golf ball on a mound Takes three in baseball Soak in 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 11 Answers to Previous Ptratt Horas I mam I mi3ia& i^ntti^ m maw u uii^fiiM 19 21 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 37 38 41 43 45 Madam (coll.) One time 46 Arrow poison 48 American 49 caricaturist Apiece Anger (diaL) 50 Very (Fr.) Year divisions 52 Engrossed 53 Pull behind 54 Exulted 57 Make response Mistake Cease Sewing machine inventor Shield bearing By memory Small speck Snow vehicle Former gov*% agency (ab.) i 3 UHilUM erf - erf - ^4a OOWJFAJ'W.'IMTtWSWlAiiK) r

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