The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 13, 1954 · Page 1
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April 13, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, April 13, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 20 Blytheville Courier BlytheviUe Daily New§ Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY. APRIL 13, 1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Sewers-Cost and Financing (•EDITOR'S NOTE: This ic th« second in a series of four articles •xplekang in simplified form tht rudwaeate of the proposal for eoastrucftion acd financing of a eitjrwide sewer system for Blythe- YiWe. This proposal is scheduled to be submitted to the voters at a special election. In the interests of k««ptog this review simple, no attempt ha* been made to dis- oust the numerous technical details of engineering and financing which would be involved in any solution that might be proposed.) Because the plan to install a new sewer system here must deal both with areas which already have sewers and others which have none, the city has been divided into three sections to simplify the figuring of costs and financing. The accompanying map shows how the city has been divided into these three sections — the central portion where sewers now exist and the northern and southern areas where there are none. Total cost of providing a single large sewer system, that will serve all three sections, and take sewage from them to a central treatment plant, has been set at $1,021,000. This final estimate was made following surveys here by the Max Mehlburger engineering firm of Little Rock. For • each of the three sections of the city, this cost breaks down as follows: for the central, sew- ered section. $820,000; for the northern section, $73,000; for the southern area, $128,000. On the basis of construction and equipment, the total for the sewered section breaks down like this: trunk line system, $236,804; lift stations, $134,232; treatment plant, $309, 946. * * * ALSO INCLUDED in the total cost is an engineering and inspection fee of $46,607 and a few lesser amounts to cover legal fees and other similar expenses involved in this type of project. This "backbone system" for the central section is the most expensive because it contains all the essential operating elements of a sewer system. Costs in the northern and southern areas will be almost entirely for lateral lines which will transport sewage from house service lines to the trunk mains. It is at this point that many people lose sight of the fact that this is a technically logical arrangement. They interpret this plan to mean that residents of presently sewered areas will be "buying sewers" for those in un- sewered sections. This is simply not the case; the trouble arises when people get engineering and economics mixed up without having given much thought to either. IMP. DiST. TRUNK SEWERS FORCE & CONNECTING LIFT STATIONS R.R. > IMP. WALKER PARK \COTTON .BEUF f^\' ' ' ' lV >^- \ CHICKASAWBA IMP. DiST SOUTH SEWER DIVISIONS — Shown on the map above is the proposed division of the city into three districts for the purposes of arranging financing of a new sewer system. A revenue bond issue has been proposed for the central, sewered section while improvement districts would be set up in the northern and southern areas, which are outlined above. # # * %. # # <-..' — Also shown are the force mains, lift stations and the trunk lines which would carry the sewage to the treatment plant (shown above as the white square due west of the city on a line with Main Street). (Courier Newsmap) Petition. Work Starts For Sewer Districts Work on setting up two sewer improvement districts— essential to the overall Blytheville sewer plan—is under way this week with petitions being circulated in north Blytheville and similar activity for a southern district slated for late this week. UNDER THE proposed financing plan, all residents in the city would help pay for the "backbone system." In addition, residents in the now unsewered areas also would pay for installation of laterals in those section. This will be explained further in tomorrow's article. Division of the city into the three sectors was done to permit use of two different types of financing—revenue bond issue and improvement district. Combining of these financing methods has been proposed because: (1) The city would have to pay a high rate of interest on a lull $",'21,000 worth of improvement ci.su'ict bonds as bond buyer* would not feel that tax liens— which apply against property in improvement districts—would be enough security for a bond issue this large in a city the size of Blytheville. (.2i The sewer service charge would be too high for most users if a revenue bond issue was sold to obtain the full $1,021,000. • * * ACCORDING to the present financing plan, revenue bonds would be sold to obtain $850,000 (the $820,000 cost plus expenses involved in a bond issue such as first year's interest, reserve, etc.) for the "backbone system." The northern and southern areas would set up improvement districts to pay the costs of in- See SEWER on Page 3 Red Spy Ring In Australia is Disclosed Soviet Embassy Employe Seeks Asylum; Tells Plot Insidt Today's Courier New* . . . Interesting Blf teajrue Races Begin . . . Three Rookies in Cardinal Lineup . . . Sports . . . pages 8 and 9. . . . . . Witnesses Who Have Testified Before McCarthy Call Experience "Terrifylnf" ... The McCarthy Story—? . . P»»« '• . . . There Is Still Vital Need for Foreign Aid Program . . . Editorials . . . Page 6... CANBERRA. Australia lff> — Prime Minister Robert G. Menzies announced today that the Soviet Embassy's third secretary here had fled the Russians and disclosed a widespread Soviet spy- network in Australia. Menzies said a royal commission had been appointed to investigate the information supplies by the Soviet diplomat. Vladimir Petrov. The Prime Minister said .Petrov had appealed for political asylum I in Australia and had been turned ! over to the nation's security forces j for further questioning. j Petrov. Menzies said, had given | the security forces a great num- ; ber of documents and oral infor- i mation listing Australian "contacts i or cooperators," some of them un-der code names. Like Gouzenko The government chief told the shocked House the royal commission would investigate these listings, as well as activities of agents of the Soviet secret police in Australia. Petrov's switch to the West Kremlin's embassy in Ottawa, who closely paralleled that of Igor Gouzenko, the code clerk in the Kremlin's embassy in Ottawa, who in 1945 broke with the Russians and turned himself over to the Canadians. His disclosures broke open the Soviets' wartime atom spy ring in Canada and the United States. Success of the present sewer sys- tern for the city hinges on the outcome of the two drives to create this pair of sewer improvement i districts. Before the City Council will call for sale of any bonds to construct the "backbone" sewer system (including mains and treatment plant), it is insisting that the two improvement districts be formed in order that construction work may be handled more economically. Also, some Councilmen pointed out. construction of the backbone system for central Blytheville would not remove health hazards Double Barreled Probe Slated In Federal Housing Scandal WASHINGTON (AP) — The decks were cleared today for a double barreled probe of a possible scandal in certain of the government's housing operations, evidently stretching back into the Truman administration. The first official rumbling of continuing trouble in the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) came late yesterday when the White House announced the resignation of FHA Commissioner Guv T. O.'Hollvday. were the two districts permitted to remain unsewered. In order for the districts to be organized, owners of two-thirds of the assessed valuation in each district must sign the petitions. H. C. Bush, R. M. Logan and E. B. Woodson have been nominated as commissioners for the northern district. Commissioners for the southern district are expected to be nominated soon — possibly tomorrow The petitions being circulated in the northern District are also available for signing in the City Clerk's office in City Hall. President Eisenhower at the same time ordered Housing Administrator Albert M. Cole to impound FHA's records "to facilitate the investigations which are being conducted." Shortly afterward. Cole, Hollyday's boss, announced at a news conference that his agency will investigate "various irregularities and abuses" in the home modern- PINE BLUFF (.•?) — A campaign ization and repair program. House- Anti-Vaccine Move Faces Legal Action Polio Programs Set for Tonight Two programs in which the polio vaccine program to be conducted in Mississippi County late this month will be explained will be held here tonight. Meetings of parents of first, second and third grade pupils will be held at 7:30 p.m. at Central and Lange Grade Schools. Kemper Bruton will speak at the meeting at Central and Mrs. W. T. Rainwater will be the speaker for tfce program At L&ngt. _ < Reds Win in Nazareth. JERUSALEM, Israeli Sector <7Pi — Communist candidates today won 6 of the 15 seats on the Municipal Council of Nazareth — the town where Jesus Christ was reared. against the Salk anti-polio vaccine treatment brought a threat of official action here today. Prosecutor Pat Mullis said he is checking to see if distributor* of pamphlets seeking to discredit the vaccine are violating Arkansas laws. "If I find the law is being broken j i and can obtain evidence pointing | j to those who are distributing the j 'pamphlets." he said, "criminal information will be filed against them." ("A check here today showed that thus far none of these pamphlets have been distributed in the Blytheville area.-) Mullis said the pamphlets distributed in Jefferson County are entitled "Little White Coffins" and are attributed to Polio Prevention. Inc., of Coral Gables, Fla. The pamphlet describes the treatment developed by" Dr. Jonas E. Salk as "unthinkable" and "the greatest hoax ever thrown at the American public " Mrs. Louis Hundley of Pim 1 Bluff, See POLIO on Page 3 Pryor Is Elected Head Of School Board Here W. P. Pryor was elected president of the Blytheville School Board last night during a reorganization meeting at school district office on Chickasawba. Mr. Pryor has served as a member of the board for eight years. Named to the other three offices of the board are, Mrs. Hiram Wylie, vice president; R. A. Nelson, secretary; and Alvin Huffman, assistant secretary. First action taken by the new board was to give all schools in the district an Easter holiday Friday through Monday, inclusive. Routine problems which come before the board during the year were discussed, Mr. Pryor said. Pryor holders allegedly had been "fleeced." Cole also said the FBI will check on alleged "illegal or unethical action" in the handling of apartment project financing by FHA officials. Here, he said, investigators will search for evidence of "collusion" between apartment builders and federal officials in the insuring of mortgages on inflated appraisals— something that he said already has cost the government better than 75 million dollars. Negligence or Collusion Cole indicated he expects few criminal actions, but he added that "the great number of these cases indicates there was either gross negligence or collusion." Allegedly off-color apartment project financing was said to have developed under the post-World War II "middle income" housing program, which died four years ago. But Cole said complaints about overcharges and shoddy work in the home repair field have been coming in for years, right up through 1953 when the Eisenhower administration came to power. - Announcing acceptance of Hollyday's resignation, White House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said this step was taken "so that an investigation may be conducted, obviously by another man." At his news conference, Cole paid tribute to Hollyday, 61-year- old former mortgage banker from Baltimore, as "a good Christian gentleman." But he said Hollyday, who was appointed by Eisenhower about a year ago, might be held partially responsible for abuses under the housing repair program because "I believe he has been aware of it and did not act." Hollyday, in Trenton, N. J., yesterday attending a "slum clearance school" sponsored by home builders' groups, at first declined to discuss the situation. 14 Officials to be Probed A little later—as he was leaving to return to his Virginia home- he told newsmen his sole reason for going to Washington last year "WM to work for the administration, about which I am most enthusiastic." He said he would meet with Cole today— If Cole wanted to see him. o» P*f« * Senators Hear Cohn, Carr Today WASHINGTON W) — Two Senate investigators subcommittee aides go before their bosses today to discuss hoxv they hope to back up the "blackmail" charges they helped Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis; 'level at Army officials. The two, Chief Counsel Roy M, Cohn and Chief of Staff Francis P. Carr, are key figures in the McCarthy-Army row which the subcommittee plans to explore in public sessions starting April 22. McCarthy has stepped temporarily from the subcommittee's chairmanship while his fellow members investigate the dispute. He was reported "somewhere in Arizona" nursing a throat ailment. Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens, a storm center in the dispute, was said to have agreed at a closed meeting with the subcommittee yesterday to give the senators an advance statement "of all the accusations" the Army will make against McCarthy, Cohn and Carr, together with a list of prospective witnesses. Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel for the inquiry, told a news conference he thought Carr and Cohn would appear as counsel for McCarthy. He withdrew that interpretation, however, when Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said McCarthy himself had not made exactly clear whether they would have authority to speak for him. Mundt, presiding over the inquiry, told newsmen the idea of getting the advance statements is to try to prevent either side from gaining unfair advantage by springing a "surprise package" of testimony. Suspended As Famous Physicist To Be Investigated WASHINGTON (AP) — Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer has been suspended as a government adviser on atomic matters for security reasons — including accusations that he sought to block development of the hydrogen bomb. He declared he will fight the accusations. The noted physicist, sometimes* the Atomic Energy Commission K. D. Nichols, general manager of exchange of letters with Maj. Gen. self today by making public an (AEC). Stories about the charges had been published by New York morning newspapers. There was no immediate comment from the AEC. IB Charges Nichols* letter said 16 specific allegations of subversive activities had been leveled against Oppenheimer. One was that he battled against construction of the H- bomb, even after former President Truman approved it. Former President Truman, visiting friends in the country near Fulton, Mo., where he spoke last night, said he had not seen today's news stories about Oppenheimer. On the question of delay in development of the hydrogen bomb, Truman said that there was some disagreement among scientists about the project but that after he gave the word to go ahead with its development the work proceeded without dispute. On a question about Oppenheimer's AEC appointment, Truman declined comment until he had opportunity to refresh his memory by consulting his files in Kansas City. He is expected to return there tomorrow. The letter, dated last Dec. 23, advised Oppenheimer: "It was reported further that you were instrumental in persuading other scientists not to work on the hydrogen bomb project and that, the opposition to the hydrogen bomb, of which you are the most experienced, most powerful and most effective member, has definitely slowed down its development. . . . "The commission has no other recourse, in the discharge of its obligations to protect the common defense and security, but to suspend your clearance (to have atomic information) until the mat- City Planning Expert to Speak The City Council and the City Planning Commission will hold a joint meeting at 7:30 tonight in Municipal Courtroom in City Hall to hear, a talk by a University of Arkansas specialist in city planning. The speaker will be William S. Borner of the City Planning Division of the university's institute of flci«not »nd Technology , ter has been resolved. "Accordingly, your employment on Atomic Energy Commission work and your eligibility for access to restricted data are hereby suspended." 43-Page Reply In reply, Oppenheimer wrote a 43-pape letter on March 4 which he called "a summary account of relevant aspects of my life." In the letter, the Scientist took up each of the allegations raised in Nichols 1 letter including the statement that he had argued against development of the hydrogen bomb in 1949. Oppenheimer said he as well as the entire general advisory committee on atomic matters, made up of top-level scientists, argued against the rapid build-up of H- weapons, which the scientist referred to as a "crash program." He said the committee submitted a report to the AEC stating that "such a program might weaken rather than strengthen the position of the United States." But, Oppenheimer said, he and the other members of the commission shifted signals after President Truman announced in January. 1950. that the United States would proceed with the H-bomb program. Didn't Question Wisdom "I never urged anyone not to work on the hydrogen bomb project," Oppenheimer said. After the President's decision was made, he declared, "we never again raised the question of the wisdom of the policy which had now been settled, but concerned ourselves rather with trying to help implement it." Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) said in a television speech last week that development of the H-bomb was delayed for . 18 months and asked whether subversives might have been behind the delay. Neither Nichols' nor Oppenheim- See ATOMIC on Page 3 U.S., Britain Seek Asian Alliance LONDON (AP) — The United States and Britain agreed today to seek a NATO-type military alliance of 10 nations, pivoted on southeast Asia, in an effort to safeguard peace from Indochina to New Zealand. They declared Communist aggression, loose in Indochina threatens to spread over all the rich lands extending to Australia, the Philippine and Thailand. The decision to pr^ess for the formation oJ a new southeast Asia defense system was announced in a joint British-American commu- nique after ,a two-day conference between U. S. Secretary of State Dulles and British leaders on a "united action" program. A top ranking American official said Dulles was "very satisfied" "went far towards establishing the unity of purpose which he sought on southeast Asia defense.' ' Southeast "NATO" Dulles was leaving by plane for Paris to line up France in what the official said might become a Y Membership Drive Discussed Plans to stage a "membership" drive to raise $4,000 for Blytheville's summer recreation program were discussed by the Blytheville Y's board of directors yesterday. The membership committee, headed by Toler Buchanan, was to meet this afternoon and draft final plans for staging the campaign May 3-7. Failure of the Community Chest to gain its goal resulted in a cut in ttM ¥'• "Southeast NATO." Dulles told airport newsmen: "I have had the best series of talks in 48 hours that I have ever had. I think few countries have spoken to each other with greater intimacy and friendliness than has been characteristic of these talks we have had here." The communique said: "We deplore the fact that on the eve of the Geneva conference the Communist forces in Indochina are increasingly developing their activities into a large-scale war ag-ainst the forces of the French Union. "They seek to overthrow the lawful and friendly government of Viet Nam. which we recognize, and they have invaded Laos and Cambodia. Vital Interests Endangered "We realize that these activities not only threaten those involved, but also endanger the peace and security of the entire area of southeast Asia and the Western Pacific, where our two nations and other friendly and allied nations have vital interests. "Accordingly, we are ready to take part with the other countries principally concerned in -an examination of the possibility of establishing a collective defense within the framework of the charter of the United Nations to assure the peace, security and freedom of southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. "It is our hope that the Geneva See DEFENSE on Page 3 Weather ARKANSAS — Mostly cloudy thii afternoon, tonight and Wednesday with widely scattered showers and thundershowers, slightly waxmer in afternoons. MISSOURI — Considerable cloudiness southeast, partly cloudy west and north this afternoon; partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; a Uttle warmer north and central tonight and over state Wednesday. Maximum yesterday— 55. Minimum this morning — 52. Sunset today — 6:21. Sunrise tomorrow— 5 :30. Mean temperature (midway high and low— 58.5. Precipitation latt M houti *.m. today— nont. Precipitation J»n. I to 4*U— 11.11. Thin Date Uit Ycftr Maximum yesterday—53. Minimum yesterday— 47. PreciplUUom JMUUf It* M.M* *0 7:M

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