The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 12, 1954 · Page 14
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 14

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, April 12, 1954
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Page 14
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fAMt-F JftWCAY, APRIL" H, Th» McCarthy Story-6 Receives Never-Ending of Information and Tips Bf BBOMAN MOMN WASHINGTON(AP) — Whert does Sen. Joseph R. MoCwtby get bi« itiformitiott? The atttwtr it that in the four yams he has been hunting Bed*, lie hac buSt a formidable intelligence system. M fe based on ft newortc of mg«ms a«d informer*, paid and unpaid, who dig up material from every corner of the Vnited States, Jrom confidential gb- venxneat liAe*, even from foreign countries. Bt ha* demonstrated time aod •goto thai he can quicttjr lay his hands on episode*—often long past —in the love* of men and women. His operation feeds on the skeleton • in tbe eioset, specially the political skeleton, but all tends of skeletons tetoert him. He ha* *wo mum. sources of information. He employs a staff of agents, many of them former FBI men, who earn more working for him than tJiey could lor the government. Be also hires, as he needs them, undercover operatives to foreign countries. • ; * * * In addition to these profession- ale, he receives "information" from a host of amateur tipsters and •noopers, anxious or disgruntled people—individuals he has never met, whose very names.may be unknown to him. This is perhaps the most astonishing phase of the phenomenon of "McCarthyism." His office has become a receptacle for* the fears, suspicions ,hates and prejudices of an army of these informers. It is often asserted as well that McCarthy has agents among the employes of government offices. However, since he carefully pro- j tects his sources and informants, no solid evidence of this has emerged. Si any case, it is evident that he has access to some secret government documents and classified papers. How he get them is his secret. In his oriice he presides over a shadowy empire of personal histories . . . card-files cross-indexed as to names and cases, piles of dossiers, photographs, photographic copies, letters, newspaper clippings, memoranda. He never knows what may be •useful out of all this. He says that when he first, brought his charges of Keds-in-government "I began to be swamped with tips; much of the stuff is worthless. But on the other hand some of it has proved very valuable." An old newspaper clipping, for example, came in handy recently. Last month commentator Edward R. Murrow conducted a television program critical of McCarthy. The sentator promptly replied. He said Murrow had been a member of the National Advisory Council of Moscow University, summer session back in 1935. * * * Murrow said he had been assistant director of the Institute of International Education, which was an organization arranging student exchanges. He said the Russians themselves called off the summer session before it began. But the 19-year-old incident was in McCarthy's files. The clip had been sent him, long ago, by one of the many volunteer informers. McCarthy makes no secret of the fact that he sometimes employs agents in other countries. He had one working out of Paris some years ago when he was centering his fire on the State Department. He said the material this man unearthed figured in some of his charges against State Department personnel. He hired a detective in Shanghai who obtained photographic copies of five pages of police records. McCarthy laughs: "They were in Chinese ... I had to have the stuff translated." He denied to this reporter that he ever gets any information directly from the FBI, although Sen. Pulbright D-Ark has publicly expressed the belief that McCarthy has access to material from FBI tiles. In an interview, McCarthy said: _ "The only time I ask for information is through the attorney general. 'By official letter we" occasionally ask for name checks." . McCarthy's chief counsel, Roy Gohn, was present at the inter! view and added, "We have never gotten an FBI files, and we have never gotten a tip from the FBI." Nevertheless, some classified documents and government information of a secret nature somehow came into McCarthy's possession. • * * Bee* Harris, formerly a top. official in the International Information Administration, who was quitted by McCarhty's committee, cites a personal experience. On the day before his closed session with the committee, he says, a menage went from his office in Washington to the New York ofice • ' •• in McCarthy's office. Harris, however, recalled a telephone conversation with a woman friend. "•he called me at my home one night . . . Two hours later, one of JScCarthy's agents was in her apartmnet house, asking the neighbors if they had ever seen me in her apartment, if I had been there late at night and so on," Harris laughed. "The lady is 80 years old, which considerably surprised McCarthy's agent." Kven -without any sM.cn cloak- and-dagger methods, McCarthy would have wide powers and resources. He is chairman of the Committee on Government Operations and of its permanent subcommittee on investigations. In his annual report he wrote: "This committee is charged with the investigation of the operations of all government departments at all levels, with a view to determining their economy and efficiency." * • * That covers a a lot of ground. Four Republican and three Democratic senators sit on the subcommittee. McCarthy became chairman through seniority, having been a member longer than any other Republican, j His own staff and the subcom-1 mittee staff are, in effect, one and the same thing. He has 15 investigators and lawyers, 10 clerks and stenographers. Most of the girls are pretty. His wife, the former Jean Kerr, was one of his assistants before their marriage. McCarthy takes a personal interest in them, remembers birthdays and anniversaries, sometimes with handsome checks. The staff works at close quarters in the office, with desks jammed in among steel filing cabinets, and suspended some civilian employes at i short notice that they csat possib- ' bulging boxes of mail everywhere. It comes in almost too fast to sort and file. McCarthy, a driver, sometimes works around the clock. One of his former speech - writing assistants says, "It's nothing for him to call in somebody at 12 or 1 o'clock in the morning and work through until dawn." McCarthy considers all advice on cases, investigations and speeches, but then makes final decisions himself. The last draft of a speech is The two key men in his operation are fche chief counsel. Roy Cohn, and the chief of staff, Francis Carr, a former FBI agent. They direct the investigations, receive the day- to-day reports of the agents, brief McCarthy as to progress. A ca$e may start in any number of ways. A great many come from tips. Some are referred to McCarthy's committee from other Senate committees. Others develop from leads that appear in the investigation of a totally different case. Thus McCarthy is in a position to choose from a wide range of possibilities whatever he thinks is especially desirable to investigate. He reported that last year 455 preliminary inquiries were dropped "without need fo rextensive investigation." That could mean they led nowhere, or that action already had been taken on them. The report cites another 15 which were investigated. • * * He suddenly became so interested in the Ft. Monmouth. N. J.. radar center that he interrupted his honeymoon in the West Indies, hastened home and opened an inquiry. Actually, the'Army already had Ft. Monmouth for security reasons, j ly get there. He also sometimes Presumably, McCarthy's investigat- 1 makes quick trips to hold hearings in It wa« transmitted, he say*, by *n electronic "scrambler." The "umcnunbUnff" device was at the receiving and of the syttem. Htrrta te,y* that 34 hours later McCarthy had the meitage "in the clear/ th*4 to, content* known. He comment*: "Only * few people are invotvt* la the transmission of 'tuch meeefcffe*. They are highly •lejftlftod. yet McCarthy had it." Dow McCarthy tap telephone*? A fotiMT top aide to the senator — who aeJM* net to >e Identified MM he doeWt telteye 9t>. He said ot *e pfMttM while he EASTER HI town . • • wtor n PLATEAU* by Timely* Clothes H's th* suit with the weightless f««l! Our customers who travel a lot think the world of Plateau suits. The weightless feel, created by unique weaving of the worsted, makes it comfortable in any climate. That goes here in town too, all year 'round. Try it yourself. HUGHES CO. tfct Man Who Knows — Buys His Clothes ors passed this word to him. j other cities, and not all members Anyway, Mcarthy said the situa- j can a j" ran 8e fch eir affairs to accom- tion had "all the earmarks of extremely dangerous espionage." Secretary of the Army Stevens denied this and wrote in a letter to Sen. Ellender (D-La): "Insofar as the Army has thus far been able to determine, there is no current espionage or other subversive activity at Ft. Monmouth:" The Monmouth controversy developed while the three Democratic members of the subcommittee were not serving on it. They had walked off, months before, in protest against a ruling by the GOP majority that gave McCarthy the sole right to hire and fire staff employes. Later, when McCarthy and the Republican senators agreed to a new set of rules, the Democrats returned. But they had been unhappy for a long time about McCarthy's methods of operating. They criticized his one-man hearings and claimed that in several cases they had not been properly briefed about the facts in some investigations. As for the "one-man hearing" criticism, McCarthy contends they are one-man only because other members fail to show up. Some members say however, that McCarthy sometimes calls a hearing on such pany him. The procedure is to provide the subcommittee, from time to time, with one-page summaries of the findings in cases under inquiry. Sen. Jackson (D-Wash), a subcommittee member, said the summaries, "were not too complete, although }?]°y*:?* Jsa * d Conn's ^questions were they've been getting better lately." "~ *~" "" " """ "~' t ~'~~ for the Voiee of America. He said McCarthy's staff quoted only the opinions of technicians who held that th* sites for the transmitters were unsuitable. Later, Jackson said, he discovered that the Voice had consulted engineers from the Rario Corp. of America and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who gave opposite opinions. JACKSON SAID he now is trying to determine whether this information was deliberately withheld from the committee-to build up evidence of an alleged conspiracy. He said, "The hearings may have brought out indications of mismanagement or inefficiency, but they certainly didn't show evidence of any conspiracy." McCarthy insisted there had been a "unanimity of opinion" at one time about the sites, but he didn't explain further. Jackson also said he objected to the way Roy Cohn questioned witnesses in the case of Mrs. Annie Lee Moss, Army Code room em- JACKSON SAID the other subcommittee members must rely to a considerable degree on the version of a case as set forth by McCarthy's agents. The senators do not have the means to check everything his investigators report. So the questions arose: Does McCarthy's staff honestly so framed as to cast suspicion on her. Jackson said he himself put some questions which elicited answers that put her in a more favorable light. Mrs. Moss denied under oath that she was a Communist and has returned to her job pending completion of a Pentagon investigation. Criticisms also have been leveled at McCarthy for his tactics in both seek information, pursuing the facts j closed and public hearings. Under with an open mind? Or is an inquiry ;the new rules the three Democratic conducted, and the findings present-| senators can block a public hear- ed, so as to "prove'' what McCax- ing pending a vote by the full pom- thy wants "proved".? "If the staff goes out to try to prove something," Jackson said, "based on a theory of their own, without regard to objectivity, then you can't have a fair and impartial hearing. The facts may not be at all as they are reported to the American people." Jackson cited, as an example, conflicting testimony over the location of two proposed radio transmitters mittee. Likewise, McCarthy has surrendered the authority to be the sole judge of who is hired and fired on his staff. It now takes a committee majority. To these degrees, at least, his power has been somewhat curtailed by recent developments rising opposition. How much does McCarthy's investigative work cost? His annual nport riMwwl ttut b« $1M,000 out of a $200,000 appropriation in the 12 months ended Jan. 31, 1963. For the 14 month* ending neat. Jan. 31 he received an appropriation of $214.000. The was to provide Democrat^ committee members with their own ooun*«4 and part-time clerical help and to pay the minoritr incidental MWtY MMN* IT 4MMMH DENTAL \A5SISTANTS HIGH SCHOOL Iducation NOT In/ox J««*r«- Future?, Pra/ Prtsttg* •ml Admiration Throughout the Nation, graduate dental assistants, ages 17 to 55 (married or single) are urgently needed. Our courses are short, «asy, inex» pensiv*. Spare-time training won't interfere with present job or household duties. Special arrangements for out-of-town students. Diploma/ uniform, cap given at graduation. FREE employment service. New classes now forming — enrollment quotas limited, Request full information TODAY! SCHOOLS OF PRACTICAL NURSING Box T.S., % Courier News, Blytheville, Ark. 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