Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 18, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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4 Galesburg Rtalster -Mqil, (aafesbufgl, HI. Wed..Sept. 18, T963 Fair and Warmer EDITORIAL Co Mill ent and Review The Grand New Party? Many Republican politicians are wondering if their party may not be undergoing a small revolution of the sort which swept through the Democratic; organization with President John F. Kennedy's victory in 1960. His capture of the nomination at Los Angeles lifted into positions of state political authority and influence a host of younger men. Left trailing along behind were some of the older hands, who had worked for other can, dictates. Two prominent exceptions were Chicago's Mayor Richard Daley and Rep. William I Green, the party boss of Philadelphia, who | produced an astounding-330,000-vote city margin for Kennedy in the election. Numerous reports today suggest that a similar cluster of young men might in 1964 be involved in a takeover of the GOP. As in 1960, the effort would be linked with the political fortunes of a particular candidate—in this case, Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona. ' A high- proportion v of the party's young men are for Goldwater for president. All the ; touted youthful GOP state chairmen in the rising Republican movement in the South are in the senator's camp. So are a fair share of the leaders of similar age in the Mountain states. Together, these men do not command decisive strength either in terms of convention delegates or electoral votes. But reports have it that they are gaining important allies, thus far quietly, in the more powerful industrial states. For more than 30 years these latter have called the tune at nominating time. Their leaders almost without exception have demanded moderate candidates. But now there is something missing. A Goldwater backer expressed it when he said: "The opposition is in disarray." Indeed, no clear, governing leadership seems in sight. Neither Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Thomas E. Dewey or any other is providing it. Doubts about New York's Gov. Nelson Rockefeller and professional party disinterest in Governors George Romney of Michigan and William Scranton of Pennsylvania deprive the once dominant industrial group of an effective operating focus. It is not yet correct to say that this revolution building in the GOP has been accomplished. Some of the old professionals in .the big states are resourceful fellows. But their problems are becoming acute. They are under increasingly intense pressure from moneyed and other forces within their own states to give way and let the revolution occur. By next April or May, the chances are good it will either have become a fact or have been halted and destroyed. For by then Goldwater's fortunes within the party will be fairly well determined. The logistics of the Broadway theatre are terrifying, money-raising is agony, the cost- price squeeze is punishing, rehearsals are unbelievably hard work for all concerned, but the curtain's rising again on what promises to be a bountiful New York theatrical season. If the out-of-town reception is any test, at least one hit is sure-fire — 'Here's Love,' Meredith Willson's cornball fable about Santa Claus, which had hard-to-please audiences in the Nation's Capital charmed into babbling reveries of childhood. 'Here's Love' marks the continuation of a theatre trend. The commedy is about New > York—shoppers, salesgirls, spec tators—and so, logically enough, the cast is about 10 per cent Negro. Nor does integration stop there; the stage has room for other races. None of the business includes race as race. An Actors Equity survey recently released showed that a record 12 shows of last season had Negro actors in roles which did not specifically call for Negroes. This year employment for Negroes will get a boost from a Negro-backed show, 'Ballad for Bimshire,' with Ossie Davis as co-producer and featured player. A switch is a new play by Negro playwright Lorraine Hansberry— 'The Sign in Sidney Brustein's Window'—which has only one Negro in the play. The central characters are Jews, Two other continuing trends are evident in the advance trade talk. Five British comedies and a few straight plays are being brought across the Atlantic. Indeed, the first Summer Deadly NEW YORK (UPD-Summer is the most deadly time of year in terms of accidental deaths. The accident death toll, according to Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., runs to 25,000 in the June to August period it the United Mates. That figures out to HQ fatal accidents • day. Curtain Going Up play of the new season to open on Broadway (this Wednesday) is an import, 'The Irregular Verb to Love,' a high comedy about a nice London animal-lover who blows up fur shops, Americans have developed a sweet tooth for British wit, and most of these are proven hits. Of nine shows known to have made money last season, 'Stop the World," 'Oliver!,' and 'Beyond the Fringe' came from the United Kingdom. The other tendency is toward adaptations from successes in other media. 'Here's Love' is a musical comedy version of the old movie, 'Miracle on 34th Street.' Budd Schulberg, who has squeezed the juice out of his 'What Makes Sammy Run?' for more than a quarter of a century—short story, novel, film (sold but never made—the rights reverted to Schulberg), digest publication, television (twice)— is bringing a musical comedy version to Broadway in February. Noel Coward is adding song and dance to his 'Blithe Spirit' to make it 'High Spirits' and also has done the music and lyrics for 'The Girl Who Came to Supper,' which is from Terrence Rattigan's 'The Sleeping Prince.' Even Sherlock Holmes will appear in a musical— •Baker Street.' Thornton Wilder's 'The Matchmaker' becomes, with music, 'Dolly: a Damned Exasperating Woman' in a list of adaptations much too long to continue here. As for the logistics, the drama staff of the New York Times estimates that show backers lost $5Vi million last season. Roger L. Stevens, a leading producer, put losses higher— $6 million to $7 million. This despite a Variety figure for the legitimate theatre gross of $43",z million. The wonder Is that it's stiil possible to get backers. But just remember there were 'My Fair Lady," and 'How to Succeed in Business,' and all those other money trees, and new seeds are there for the planting. m Korea, Congo, Near East Problems Plague U.N. By PEtfiR EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)-Nearly all of the political issues before the U.N. General Assembly this year are holdovers. Thirteen years after the United Nations tackled its first peacekeeping operation in Korea, it is still on the agenda with no better prospects for solution. In the past, Soviet Russia has proposed that North and South Korean representatives be summoned to New York to give the Assembly both sides of the problem. Two years ngo the United Slates agreed that North Koreans might come if they would agree to accept U.N. decisions on their country's future. They didn't come. The same condition was offered last year. Perhaps the greatest contribution to Korean stability that can be made this year would be for South, Korea's young military leader Park Chung Hee to allow democratic elections for the presidency, scheduled for Oct. 15. This would silence North Korea's carping against the South Korean dictatorship. By suppressing minorities and jailing his principal opponents for the presidency, Gen. Park has shown his determination to hang onto power, regardless of consequences. THE CONGO IS probably the most important issue before General Assembly again this year. Secretary General U Thnnt would like to close out the U.N. Congo missions by the end of the year for lack of money to finance them. So far, the Congolese leaders have refrained from trying to carve each other up. Premier Cyrille Adoula Is still regarded as the most competent matt on the scene, but the country is faced with ruinous inflation and needs help. The Belgian position on the Congo has changed completely. For two years Brussels opposed the U.N. and all its works. Now, most of the Europeans back in the Cdngd advising the new government are Belgians. They want the U.N/ to stay till the country and its economy are more stabilized. CONTINUATION OF the U.N. Emergency Force of 5,000 men to observe the armistice between Israel and her Near East neighbors is another financial problem. Costs of this operation since 1957 have been $112 million. But only $76 million has been paid up and the operation is $36 million in the red. The murder of two Israeli farmers near the Syrian border became a recent Security Council issue, to emphasize the importance of the UN£P role. Magnifying these small incidents into international crises is said to deter theif recurrence. Presence of the UNEF in the Near' East made possible the sending of a 200-man detachment into Yemen when revolt broke out there a year ago. The U.N. \ assignment has been to effect a disengagement between Egyptian and Saudi Arabian forces supporting rival Yemini factions. The two countries have agreed to meet UNEF costs for two months more, though both are working against it on the ground. It is a . tough problem for the U.N. FIFTY AFRO-ASIAN countries are demanding that the Viet Nam situation be aired in the General Assembly. Presence in the United States of Mme. Ngo Dinh Nhu, sister-in-law of Viet Nam's President Diem, while the General Assembly is in session adds a complicating factor to the debate. The United States is trying to have the Viet Nam situation presented as a political issue, not as a matter of persecution of the Buddhists* which Ceylon and other countries want to make it. Up to now there is no indication that Fidel Castro's government, with communist bloc backing, will launch the customary tirade against the United States on "aggression" against Cuba. Other international political disputes and threats to peace in the shadows of the General Assembly agenda include the India-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir, India's charges of aggression by Red China and the Laos situation. How Can We Live Up to Our Rodent Heritage? By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN ALTHOUGH I AM one of those glandular optimists who can forget the troubles of the world after a good meal (as the preacher says, "sufficient unto the day is the column thereof"), a couple of things have been bothering me lately even after the supper dishes have been put away. The first particularly worrisome item is the discovery, by Dr. Malcolm C. McKenna, a paleontologist on the staff of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, that man and the rat arc descended from a common ratlike ancestor.' This may let the apes off the hook, but it can hardly improve the "image" of our own species. The idea of having a monkey for a forefather used to bother the Victorians, but what would they have said if Darwin had claimed that rats and human beings were basically related? The damaging thing about Dr. McKcnna's discovery is that it makes a lot of things devastatingly clear. Monkeys are amiable, chattering creatures, given to mimicry and the enjoyment of peanuts. The monkey's habits, if they have been passed on to humans, may explain Broadway actors and the gustatory choices of baseball fans. But rats! If they arc the ancestors of a species that goes in for political persecutions and dropping bombs on each other, it explains all too much. THE OTHER thing that is bothering me may seem a little odd when placed in the context of Dr. McKcnna's theory about the relationship between rats and humans, for it amounts to a lament- that we may be deprived in the election campaign of 1964 of the oppot'tunity of behaving like rats. This deprivation would be a natural consequence if the Republicans nominated affable Barry Goldwater to oppose that charming Democrat, John F. Kennedy. Nobody, it seems, can dislike Goldwater, and if there are people who dislike Kennedy they have little chance of getting past a press corps that persists in liking the President very much. In the 1960 campaign a lot of people built up a real head of steam against the personality of Richard Nixon. For myself I never could see the reason for the animus. One of my cherished memories is of an hour's conversation with Nixon about Whittaker Chambers — or "Uncle Whit," as Nixon called him. Nixon was both humble and objective about the help which Chambers, a really selfless man, had given him towards understanding the ins and outs of communism. Just how anyone could hate a man who possesses both humility and objectivity has always mystified me. Nevertheless, there was something about Nixon — maybe it was a sense of remoteness — that annoyed reporters. It would be a canard to say that journalists took it out on Nixon directly. But they didn't trample anybody in the rush to discover good things to say about Nixon's candidacy. Dislike of Nixon made 1960 a horse race. But assuming that Goldwater opposes Kennedy in 1964, how is anyone going to work up the sort of lather that is needed to turn a Presidential election into a real contest? Everybody, including John F. Kennedy, loves Barry and his family and his Arizona background. And it works the other way around, for Barry himself has frequently spoken of the Kennedy charm. This charm, surprisingly, comes through even in the pages of Victor Lasky's anti-Kennedy book, "J. F. K.: The Man and the Myth." As for the charm of the Kennedy family, it jumps right out of the pages that are devoted to Jacqueline Kennedy in Marianne Means's fascinating "The Woman in the White House." WITH CHARMER against charmer in 1964, just what will people do to clear the acid out of their systems? What will they do to keep their adrenal glands working? How will they get rid of their frustrations? How purge themselves of their natural aggressiveness? The "liberals" need somebody to hate, whether it is a Hitler, a Franco or just a Joe McCarthy. Certain members of the "far right" have a psychological need for villains, too. But if neither side nominates a person who can be presented in despicable colors, just how is the electorate to behave like the offspring of rats? How will we be able to live up to our newly discovered rodent heritage? Who knows, maybe the next election will have to be fought out on the basis of ideas. Perish the thought! It's unworthy of a race that's descended from rats. Copyright 1963 Negroes Misinformed by Writer on Cuba Racism By FULTON LEWIS, JR. WASHINGTON—In January of this year, Patricia Robinson, a young resident of New Rochelle, N.Y., joined other militant supporters of Fidel Castro in picketing Attorney General Robert Kennedy. The reason: Kennedy's REMINISCING Of Bygone Times (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International LONDON — The marquis of Aylesbury, rejecting a bid by an oil firm to drill wells on his land in the Savernake forest at Marlborough: "I suppose I might have become disgustingly rich, but frankly I don't want oil wells in my forest. I prefer trees." BELGRADE — Mme. Ngo Dinh of South Viet Nam, in an interview: "I am naturally very quiet and I loathe noise and crowds. But when I have made up my mind to lead or join a battle, I always go through with it. It docs not mean at all that I enjoy what I must do." ABERDEEN, S.D. - Andrew Fischer, recent father of quintuplets, on bringing up his total of ten children: "The best part of bringing them up is my good wife." BIRMINGHAM, Ala.—The Rev. John H. Cross, at the funeral of Carol Robertson, one of four Negro girls killed in a bomb blast Sunday: "Their deaths have not been in vain. May we not seek revenge by perpetrating evil, but may we seek to find the God she sought." Justice Department had mapped plans to prosecute William Worthy, a left-wing newsman, for unauthorized Cuban travel. In July of this year, Miss Robinson asked the State Department for permission to visit Cuba, as a reporter representing the Washington Afro-A meri can, a newspaper her family owns. The permission was granted. The Afro-American has run an astounding on - the - spot report from Miss Robinson in which there is no mention of communism, of Soviet troops or Chinese technicians. Instead the Cuban people arc said to have chosen "a new political and economic system, where each shall be rewarded to his need and from each shall be demanded according to his ability." ONE OF THE r e v o 1 u t i o n's greatest accomplishments, Miss Robinson writes for her Negro readers, is creation of a "new humane society" (not to bo confused with the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) in which there is no segregation. That assertion is flatly contradicted by thousands of Cuban Negroes in Miami who have formed the Association of Cuban Exiles of the Colored Race. The leaders of that group insist there was no segregation before Fidel Castro took over. Dictator Fulgencio Batista, as a matter of fact, was part Negro. Negroes occupied high positions in the government and in the armed forces. Cuban's greatest military hero, Antonio Maceo, was a Negro, and the Cuban National Day of Mourning is celebrated on the anniversary of his death, Dec. 7, 1896. Maceo, known popularly as the Bronze Titan, achieved the highest rank in the Cuban revolutionary forces that fought the Spaniards for their country's independence. He is revered in Cuban history. Prior to Castro there was no REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Sept, 18, 1913 "Get men to give, pray and pay — then we can see victory coming to us in Methodist missions," Rev. T. S. Pittenger of Macomb declared in the annual Past: gj Present So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, (hey shall not awake, uor be raised out of their sleep.—Job 14:12. » * * All that lives must die Passing through nature to eternity. —Shakespeare missionary sermon at the Methodist Episcopal conference Galesburg. in In recognition of 30 years of continuous service on the Galesburg Library Board, the members held a dinner at the Galesburg Club for E. R. Drake. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Sept. 18, 1943 The annual Knox County 4-H show was held at the Knoxville fairgrounds. Joel McCrea was starring in the motion picture, "The More the Merrier," featured at the Colonial Theater, discrimination in the professions or civic life. There were.no discriminatory practices in hiring or firing. That situation has now changed. A 23-year old Negro, Juan Corbes Ibanez, recently fled Cuba in a small boat. He told Miami reporter?: "I had to abandon Cuba because the black race has been relegated to a position of inferiority. Negroes are constantly watched. If caught conspiring against the regime they are summarily shot without trial. "Castro wishes to make it appear that his government is for the colored race. That is totally false. Before Castro, no,one. had to remind me in Cuba that I was a Negro, because the racial problem did not exist. We all lived like one great big family." A SIMILAR TALE is told by Denis Evans, another Negro who recently fled Castro's humane society. He said tens of thousands of Cuban Negroes have applied for permission to leave the island. All have been turned down. Juan Corbes Ibanez reports that Castro recently invalidated the passports of several thousand Cuban Negroes. An explanation is offered by Oscar Paez and Carlos Lluch, formei sugar mill workers now living in Miami. "Never has the Negro been exploited more. But the communists won't let them out because they know a Negro exodus would be a major setback for their propaganda." * * * NELSON ROCKEFELLER is The Almanae By United Press International Today is Wednesday, Sept. 18, the 261st day of 1963 with 104 to follow. The moon is approaching first quarter. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter, Saturn and Mars. On this day in history: In 1850, congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, allowing a slave-owner with a certificate of ownership to reclaim any slave who escaped into another state. In \m, the New York Times published its first issue. In 1927, the Columbia Broadcasting System went on the air with a basic network of 16 stations. In 1961, U. N. Sec-Gen. Dag Hammarskjold was killed in a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia. A thought for the day — Winston Churchill, the British statesman, said: "It is better to be making the news than taking it; to be aa actor rather than a critic." not the only member of his family tp antagonize Republican professionals. Brother Winthrop, perhaps the richest man in all Arkansas, has been severely criticized by Arkansas State Chairman William L. Spicer and Henry Britt, the party's general counsel. Rockefeller, says Spicer, has tried to usurp the duties of the GOP State Central Committee. He has irritated many by his dogged preference for brother Nelson. Explains Spicer: "If Barry Goldwater is the nominee in 1964, the Republican Party will carry Arkansas for the first time." Copyright 1963 galesburg Ifegisfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 342-8181 Entered ?s Second Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under 'Vet of Congress of Mprrh 3. 1879. Dally except Sunday. ' Ethel Custer Schmltti Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia. Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS rhe Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP new* dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galeebuxi 35c a Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year #10.00 8 Months S3 JO 5 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.1* No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading son* .outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route to retail trading zone. 1 Year £13.00 3 Months #3.7a 6 Months i 7.00 1 Month Jl 26 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months 15.00 6 Months 5 S.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Schools _ Answer to Previous Punto >I51 ACROSS lEli 5 Iowa college 8 Los Angeles university (ab.) 12 Top 13 Miss Gardner 14 Midday 15 Left 16 Cyclones 18 Flattered 20 Vine 6 Roman writer 7 Lug 8 Majusculp script 9 Cocaine source 10 Diving bird 11 Handle 17 Mixtures 19 Bishopric 22 Rabbit's tall 23 Hindu nurse 24 Rodent i-U VJQ6 ^•««WWV «f 21 Boy's nickname 85 *» 22 Keresao - (Bib -> Indian 23 Fast 26 Nagged 30 Spar 31 Papal name 82 Shield 33 Top card 34 Small boat 35 Football position 36 Cambridge university 38 Thick soup 39 Lubricant 40 Army front 11 School in Providence 14 New York school 48 Cultural stage (archeol.) ?? Italian coin si Valley »2 Mouths 53 Spirit 54 Plod 55Teleo*t fish 56 Cathedral churches DOWN lYavro 2 Mimicker 3 Missions* 4 Died o^t 5Bwed ge Pakistan province 27 Darling 38 Nomiw 28 Behold (Litis) 40 Sonant 29 Southern 41 Prays university 42 Sway 31 Swirl 34 Pigment 35 Grouped 37 Promising 88 Nominal viltt* 4HDUcoa^ai 45 Hawaiian dtf 46 Biblical nZos troops (miL> 49Weeder J r- 3 r- r- 1 w ir it' ir 15 17" 18 i\ Z3 ft ii w *r • 1 n • w w 1 _• 41 45 vr rr « r 61 5* 54 &9 56 IS MEWSPAPHt KMWiBPRI .ge A MM

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