Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 17, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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4 Qalesburg Register-Mail,Gatesburg, HI. Tues,, Sept.17,1963 'You Realize, of Course, This Whole Thing's Ridiculous!' -WW * ' EDITORIAL Comment and Review Better Brakes for Trucks Of all trucks sidelined after Interstate Commerce Commission road checks, 85 per cent are taken off the road because of brake- system defects. That's why a new brake law which goes into effect in California on Friday, Sept. 20, is expected to set the pattern for similar legislation in other states. At least a score of states are contemplating action. The law is aimed at guarding against airbrake failure. Any air-brake vehicle on California highways in the future will have to be equipped with an independent braking system that will be triggered automatically if the regular service brakes go out. These "fail-safe" emergency Wakes must be powerful enough to stop the truck within a given distance at a given speed. The basic standard is within 90 feet at 20 m.p.h. for most vehicles. Two basic types of emergency brakes have been developed. One is a spring-loaded brake cylinder that combines the power of all the truck's braking systems, including parking brakes. The other is essentially a duplication of the air brakes. After several dramatic and tragic runaways of huge trucks on steep hills, the ICC strengthened its braking regulations. During a recent five-year period, according to the Journal of American Insurance, one out of every 10 vehicles inspected was taken out of service because of dangerous mechanical defects. This doQS not mean that 10 per cent of all trucks in operation are unsafe; the ICC concentrates on checking trucks with the outward appearance of bad maintenance. The trucking industry spent $300 million last year for insurance and safety. Responsible truckers will welcome California's insistence on a kind of automotive deadman's throttle. Herr Schroder Pays Vs a Visit Reunification of Germany, the wags are saying in France, is somewhat like Heaven. Everyone wants to end there, but no one is in a hurry to get there. The joke, as The Economist of London has pointed out, rests upon a host of fears. West Germany fears that the test-ban treaty signed by Britain, the United States, and Soviet Russia may prove a kind of Munich. East Europe fears the might of a reunified Germany. The Americans and British fear that' German obsession with reunification could produce a Gaullist Western Europe. The very real fear of the West Germans is that further negotiations between the United States and Soviet Russia may be conducted in an Olympian manner, neglecting or even overlooking the less lofty concerns of Europe. Indeed, the test-ban agreement, arrived at without consultation with the Germans, implicitly overrides the interests of Europe, as Bats Batted STANTON, Mo. (UPI) - The management of Meramec Caverns here recently concluded a "Corn-Bat" program to rid the 100 million-year-old cave on' Route 66 of all its bats. Lester B. Dill, cave director, hired college students to chase out the bats and then screened off the entrance to keep the bats out. Heavy Freight NEW YORK (UPD-The heaviest piece of freight ever shipped by an American railroad was a 1,300,000-pound oil refinery vessel, called an iso-cracking reactor column, shipped from Memphis, Tenn., to Pascagoula, Miss. The vessel, constructed by Combustion Engineering, Inc., was installed last March at the Standard Oil Co. (Kentucky) refinery at Pascagoula. Urged Annexation NEW YORK (UPD—In 1849, a group of Canadian businessmen urged the United States government to annex Canada but their plea received no support in Washington. The businessmen were opposed to British economic policies, the Encyclopedia International reported. Alaska Strategic ANCHORAGE, Alaska (UPD-Alaska may be the nation's most important state in terms of supplying raw materials for national defense purposes, Alaska has 31 of the 33 minerals regarded as strategic for defense. President de Gaulle of France has been at pains to point out. West Germany is reported to have got its best information on the treaty from Paris, which got its intelligence from its own ambassador in Moscow, who was informed not by any of the Anglo-American gruop but by Khrushchev himself. All of which should supply sufficient rationale for the visit to this country of the West German foreign minister, Gerhard Schroder, who, after due consultation with retiring Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and the successor, Ludwig Erhard, arrives here next Thursday. West Germany signed the atom ban treaty on Aug. 19, but not without demonstrations of displeasure. Former foreign minister Heinrich Von Brentano had pointed out that German ratification would be superfluous inasmuch as Germany already had renounced manufacture of nuclear arms. And both the United States and Britain had to repeat their assurances that accession to the treaty did not mean recognition of what West Germany still haughtily calls the "Soviet zone" of occupation. Bonn has insisted that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Council be consulted before any agreement is reached with Russia on the stationing of control posts against surprise attack. The West German government is satisfied that most of the NATO allies oppose locating such alarm posts in Germany alone. Both Germany and France are against a non-aggression treaty between NATO and its Communist counterpart, the Warsaw Pact grouping of Communist nations. NATO's "defensive" nature, they argue, makes such an agreement superfluous or redundant. Herr Schroder arrives in Washington two days after the opening of the'United Nations General Assembly's 18th regular session in New York. Lord Home of Great Britain will be in New York at the end of the month. At the test ban signing in early August continuing talks were agreed upon by Home, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, and Andrei Gromyko, Soviet foreign minister. The plans of the French foreign minister, Couve de Murville, have not been announced. If he should come to New York the stage would be set for a sub-summit grouping. German reunification would be a logical, perhaps inevitable subject for discussion. But to expect that anything will be done about it at this time would be imaginative, if not naive. Top Businessmen Set Skull Session on Exports By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - Three hundred big business leaders from all over the country are expected to attend a White House Conference on Export Expansion Sept. 17-18. If they can solve in two days all the balance of payments deficit problems assigned to them, it will be the neatest trick of that or any week. But they'll try. The two working sessions of the conference, Tuesday afternoon and Wednesday morning, will be broken up into 11 groups of 20 to 30 businessmen each. One government expert will be assigned to each panel to get it any information wanted and to explain existing government policies and legislative proposals. But the big idea is to have the businessmen themselves come up with new ideas which might be the basis of revised foreign trade policies. Existing policies haven't worked. THE GOOD SHAPE of the situation faced is that U. S. exports have increased 50 per cent in the last 12 years. In 1951 they totaled $14 billion. In 1962, they were $20.9 billion and for the first half of 1963 the annual rate was $21.5 billion. But this growth rate isn't considered fast enough. For a large part of this increase was foreign aid. And in the same period the U. S. balance of payments deficit has increased by $30 billion. It avoraged $1.5 billion a year, 1950* 56, but was $4.2 billion in 1962, with $4.5 indicated for 1963. THE 11 AREAS the conference panels will explore for possible remedies, and the group chairmen are: Tax policies—William E. Knox, Westinghouse, New York. Labor's stake—George Meany, AFL-CIO, Washington. Trade promotion- Roger P. Sonnabend, Hotel Corp. of America, Boston. Foreign investment—Percy L. Douglas, Otis Elevator, New York. Financing— W. Cordes Snyder, Blaw-Knox, Pittsburgh. Market research — R. A. Steudel, sWwin Williams, Cleveland. Government representation abroad—James M. Roche, General Motors, New York. Small business—Thomas C. Baliagh, Ballagh & Thrall, Philadelphia. Education and publicity—Charles Rumrill, Rumrill Co., Rochester. Trade negotiations — Carl J. Gilbert, Gilette Co., Boston. Antitrust aspects—Alonso B. Kight, Borg-Warner, Chicago. The high caliber of these panel heads indicates this is to be a working session and not the usual Department of Commerce ballyhoo over its trade fairs, centers and missions. Each panel will write its own report on the afternoon of the second day. They will then be summarized for a general report and press conference conducted by Secretary of Commerce Lu­ ther H. Hodges. PRESIDENT KENNEDY, followed by his Secretaries of State Rusk, Treasury Dillon, Agriculture Freeman and Labor Wirtz, will address the 'opening session. Trade czar Christian A. Hertef will talk about his troubles in negotiating new tariff agreements with Common Market and other countries at the first luncheon session. House Committee Chairman Oren Harris, D-Ark., will speak at th.i second. Vice chairmen and working heads of the conference will be Neil C. Hurley Jr., Thor Power Tool Co., Chicago; Fred C. Foy of Koppers Co., Pittsburgh, and Thomas B. Watson Jr., IBM, New York. California YD Leader Gives His Party a Scare By FULTON LEWIS JR. , WASHINGTON - A paunchy young man named Josiah Beeman is giving leaders of the California Democratic Party night- marcs. Bceman, an official of the Northern California-Nevada Council of Churches, won election earlier this year in a rough-and-tumble fight for the Presidency of the California Young Democrats. He triumphed over a moderate Young Democrat, a Negro, who refused to advocate left-wing solutions to many of the country's problems. Since then, Beeman has been active in the 13-state conference of Western YDs who won praise from Peoples World, a communist newspaper, for their views last month. In that convention Young Democrats advocated friendly relations with Fidel Castro; a non-aggression pact be­ tween the NATO nations and those of the communist Warsaw Pact; and removal of U. S. troops from South Vietnam, where communist armies threaten a pro- West government. Democratic strategists shuddered when Republican leaders, including GOP National Chairman Bill Miller, seized upon the YD policy stands. Miller demanded that his Democratic counterpart, John Bailey, repudiate the extremist YDs. California Gov. "Pat" Brown, a Democrat, was asked to make a similar repudiation. NEITHER has yet opened his mouth. To his credit, freshman Rep. Charles Wilson, Los Angeles Democrat, has been forthright in his denunciation of the YDs. The Far West YDs, he said, had faithfully echoed the Kremlin line. They were, he said, "firmly in the grasp of a highly vocal group of. emotional radicals, peacc-at- any-pricers, and assorted lunatics." When Wilson arrived at his office several days later, he found a blistering letter from Beeman, who accused the Congressman of rightist sympathies. Wilson is a liberal Democrat; he makes no bones about it. His voting record in the California State Assembly and the U. S. House has always been liberal. He is not, as Beeman charged in his letter, an advocate of go-slow Civil Rights legislation. He was, 'in fact, one of the comparatively few Congressmen present at the Aug. 28 civil rights rally. IN HIS REPLY, Wilson told Beeman he would consult with officials of the Democratic National Committee on steps that might deny the California YDs use of the party name. He would, he wrote, continue to press for an official ' party investigation of Beeman's outfit. Wilson then took the House floor to review other policy positions of the Western YDs. They had, he said, opposed any federal program of civil defense. "Presumably," the Congressman noted, "the Soviet Union is left free to safeguard its citizens." The 88th Congress has been a "mockery and disgrace to the democratic process," according to the YDs, who urged Party leaders to repudiate the entire South. The YDs had further advocated lifting all restrictions on Cuban travel and abolition of the McCarran Internal Security Act. Rep. Wilson observed: "I am sure the Soviet Union and Red China would be only too pleased to see us adopt the policy position of the Western State Young Democrats. Must we sit idly by while the good name of our party is dragged through this political gutter? I do not believe we would be fulfilling our duty as members of the Democratic Party if we were to remain silent." BEEMAN was not shaken by Wilson's forthright stand. He chaired a subsequent convention of California Young Democrats where many of the same stands were repeated. On Sept. 8, the California YDs came out for recognition of Red China, conditional recognition of East Germany, normalization of trade and diplomatic relations with Fidel Castro, and a gradual withdrawal of U. S. troops from South Vietnam. Copyright 1963 THE MAILBOX ILLINOIS TAX FACTS Points for Motel (From a letter sent to the city manager, mayor and aldermen of Galesburg): As a former alderman and mayor of Galesburg, I note that the city administration has problems .... concerning erection of a million-dollar motel. . . . I understand the Chamber of Commerce and the Labor Unions favor the issuance of a liquor license, and want the motel to be • built in this (Galesburg Club) location. The objectors are some churches and ministers of our city. May I ask this question: Was there ever a time that religious people ever approved of a liquor license at any time? I have yet to hear of approval in my experience in office as an alderman or mayor. . . . If the governing body of oui' city feels that a million - dollar motel would be good for our city which would make work for members of the trade unions, and food for their families, and our Chamber of Commerce would like to have a motel built in this location, I say vote for it. In my experience traveling through the states on a vacation, it was my preference to find a motel close to the main business district, where I could walk to town and see the business district. It was much more convenient for me. We must also keep in mind that people who come to our city also appreciate the fact that, if this location is chosen as a motel, they could go to our churches on Sunday morning to worship. We have some ten or more churches within walking distance of the proposed motel. . . . I trust that our governing body will conduct the business of our city in the best interest of our city without showing partiality to any favored group. David P, Lindberg. Ottawa's Malfeasance Editor, Register-Mail: . . . .Canada has made an arrangement with Red China that allows Canada to admit 7 million dollars worth of internationally competitive goods and provides Canada with sales of between 215 and 360 million dollars worth of Canadian wheat to Red China. To me, this action oh the part of the Canadian government represents an extremely foolhardy and irresponsible thing to do. From my point of view, the Canadian government is in effect subsidizing the Red Chinese communist government in its efforts to imprison 600 million human beings and in its attempt to spread its communistic" ideologies throughout the rest of the free world. If the Red Chinese government does not have to worry about an uprising among its undernourished and impoverished population because of agreements like this one with Canada, it can concen* trate its aggressive efforts on spreading communism throughout the world. ... In the interest of the long-run survival of the free world and our democratic way of life, it seems to me that this country should consider economic sanctions and re-evaluations of foreign aid programs with regard to countries that enjoy the freedom that a free world has to offer but fail to accept their share of the responsibilities in the battle against communism. 1 My one hope is that the United States is not also subsidizing communism in a similar manner. Sincerely — Gary Chesncy, 902 N. Gregory, Urbana, 111. Junior College Law Provisions Changed Cites Danger Editor, Register-Mail: At the risk of abusing your courteous tolerance of my views in print I respectfully request space to rebut Mr. Hagerty's letter of 9/13. My original letter of 9/7 challenged the logic in signing another treaty with the perfidious Russians without Some concrete ev.dence of their good fail-. Fur- thPi. I questioned the President's motives in his relentless support of the treaty against all opposition. Mr. Hagerty agreed that my "objections" to the treaty were "reasonable" but was disturbed by my cynicism. He then ornately discoursed at length on the evils of cynicism and the beauties of politics and democratic government. My critic believes that my cynicism is "suspicious," thus "poisonous," irrespective of the sinister, degrading manner in which this treaty was contrived and signed in Moscow without the U.S. obtaining a single significant concession. Signatures for the treaty were solicited from the nations of the world before the document had even been, studied, let* alone ratified by Congress. This high pressure salesmanship is a "beauty of politics" I take it. Mr, Harriman, though non- elected, I suppose "democratically" spoke for all America when he contrived the treaty with the Russians. Is this treaty as such our "national aim"? Where is the "beauty of democracy at work" that Mr. Hagerty wrote of evident in this treaty? If the antidote for my "poisonous cynicism" is blind faith in the Russians then I for one prefer the poison. Cynically but sincerely—Morton D. Willcutt Jr. M.D. 'J™ Past; ^Present And now I have this day declared it to you but ye have not obeyed the voice of the Lord your God, nor any thing for the which he hath sent me unto you.—Jeremiah 42:21. « * * It is vain thought to flee from the work that God appoints us, for the sake of finding a greater blessing, instead of seeking it where alone it is to be found—in loving obedience—George Eliot. SPRINGFIELD — The Taxpay­ er's' Federation of Illinois today called attention to changes made by the recent General Assembly and their application to tax-supported Junior Colleges. Population requirements for establishment of new public junior colleges were increased from 10,000 to 30,000 and a minimum equalized assessed valuation of $75 million was established. Such extension of educational opportunities for grades 13 and 14 must be approved by the Superintendent of Public Instruction and must be authorized by the voters of the area directly affected by the proposal. ANNEXATION and disconnection procedures for junior college districts were authorized. A minimum term of at least 170 days of actual pupil attendance is required; classes may be held on Saturdays. Minimum requirement for a junior college teaching certificate is a Masters degree. After" a junior college district has been established and the board elected, the board may file claim of from $50,000 to $100,000 for Junior College State aid, based on projected fulltime equivalent enrollment in the first year of operation. Distribution of state aid to junior colleges is now payable semi-annually instead of annually. Any district operating a junior college prior to August 28, 1963, (date of approval of H.B. 704), may levy a tax of IVfc cents per $100 of equalized assessed valuation and 7Ms cents per $100 for building purposes. However, certain procedures are necessary be- REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, Sept. 17, 1913. David Turnbull was re-elected president of the Monmouth Commercial Club at a meeting of the organization. After reaching a depth of 60 feet, water was located by the well diggers of the new well in Galesburg being sunk by the James E. Seiler Construction Co. of Chicago. TWENTY YEARS AGO Friday, Sept, 17, 1943 Retail liquor dealers arid distributors of Knox County and adjoining territory heard talks on bond sales and price ceilings at a meeting in Custer Hotel. James Kelly of East Alton, state Exchange Club president, was a guest of the Galesburg organization. fore such tax may be extended by the County Clerk: Publication of a notice that the above taxes have been levied is required of the board of education and within 30 days after such publication, a petition signed by not less than 10 per cent of the voters of the district may require that the proposition of extending such taxes be submitted to the voters thereof. This tax may then be authorized by the voters. If no such petition is filed, the tax may be extended. A JUNIOR COLLEGE BOARD may now issue bonds under the same legal provisions as those of any other public school district, and a separate account of all monies collected and spent for junior college purposes must be kept. ,.. V "Providing education for grades 13 and 14 in the public school system of the State is an essential function, deserving most meticulous study. This study is necessary, not only for preservation of such advantages now offered, but also for carefully guided expansion plans so as to meet present and future needs," said Maurice W. Scott, Executive Secretary of the ! Taxpayers' Federation. galesburg feglster-Mail Office 14U South Prairie Street. Galesburg. Illinois rEi-JSPHUNii NUMBEH Hegister-Mail Exchange 342-6161 Entered ".s Second' Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under \ct of Congress of Mr>Th 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday. ' Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager U. H. hddy Associate ifiditor And Director, of Public Relations H. H- Clay . Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Grtffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT .BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEK ASSOCIAI'ED PRESS rhe Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AF news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City ol Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mail In OUT retail trading zone: 1 Year $10.00 3 Months |3JO 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading zona outside City ol Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone In Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route la retaU trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months «3.7» 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $125 By majl outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months S5.0O 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2 .00 Crossword Puzzzle Bird land Answer to Previous Puzzle ~w—' - Now You Know By United Press International Bushmen of the Kalahari wasteland in southern Africa use an arrow poison so potent that one drop can kill a man if it enters the blood stream, according to the fiational Geographic Magazine. • ACROSS 1 Mythical bird 4 Ugly duckling's true status 8 Blackbird 12 Since 13 Telegram 14 Theater box 15 Irregular (ah) ,16 Introduced 18 Peremptory urgings 20 Retorts (slang) 21 Danish coin 22 City in the Netherlands 24 Withered 26 Geraint's wife 27 Boundary (comb, form) 50 Anthropoids 32 Shifted^ 34 Decided matches in sports 35 Landed property 36 Make lace 37 Congers 39 Shoshoneans 40 Container 41 Bustle 42 Twig broom 45 Army man 49 Taxers 51 Masculine appellation 52 Clock face 53 British princess §4 Baseball immortal 55 Strays 66 European stream "57 Mariner's direction DOWN 1 Incursion 2 Monster 3 Sea bird 4 Hogs 5 Breeze , 6 Ascended 7 Fisherman's' apparatus 8 Demand 9 Decays 10 Curved molding 11 Marries 17 Sultanic decrees 19 Amphitheater 23 Plunges into 29 Roman date water 31 Glimmers 24 Ductile 33 Musical study 25. Assam silkworm 38 Folkstory 26 Worms 40 Moderates ™.«uj 27 Scriptural arias 41 Genus of geese SO Philippine 28 Plexus 42 Sojourn peasant 43 Prince 44 Mast 46 Sea eagle 47 Crafts^ 48 Tardy

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