Z-NAUOATUCK NEWS (CONN.), FRIDAY, JAN. 17, 1041 DREW PEARSON ' ON :•:•• •'"•• e WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND Drew Pearson Says: Jimmie Byrnes Called Molotov's Bluff; How Russians Backed Down When Byrnes Threatened To Suspend Treaty Talks; Byrnes Out-Bargained British (No(<—This IN tin., second of nrn\v I'enrson's columns on the Koi:r»'t oonvcrmitlonM lii-twccn Secretary of Stnte Byrnes and the KiiMHliitiN which finally broke tin- USA-USSR'dnullock.) Wiisliiu.ixtoH—Clim.'ix ol' the hitter, long-drawn diplomatic lintllo U'Uvecn 'Russia mid tlic 'United States citine \vlicii the Yugoslav* w.'ilkod out of tlio peace talks in New York, and -then ciime round to Sec-rotjuy Byrnes 7iext day; thinking ilii-y could liorse-tnide. Tlicy found, however, | that the lon.n--snnVnni;- Sec rotary of State was in no horse-; t nidin.y mood. j Ho told them that, the United States was reconciled, to'j the fact that there would bo no peace treaty and lie didn't want t<> discuss the matter further. U. S. troops, he said, \vi.uld re-main in Trieste indefinitely. This horriiiotl the Yugoslavs, A:- the British this prize plum. Under the V. S.-Britl»h plan of pooling the operation of the two zones, the United States ha* agreed, to help pay the "British •deficits on « BO-BO basis. Hawevaiy .Foreign .-Minuter Bevln, goaded by! Chancellor . of .the Exchequer Hugh Dnlton," 'approached Byrnes with the proposal- that the United State's pay not CO but 00 percent of the' Brl'tlsh' deficit?, Bevin put iip a sorrowful argument -that the British had had tc. borrow heavily from the United i.States; that they wanted to buy U. S; goo.ds, and :|hat they couldn't afford |to, boar "such a heavy burden in occupied Gcrinainy, . .., ,.','. > Byrnes .listened carefully," finally countered;.; "I'll tell you what we'll do. If you trade zones with us, -.we'll.take over CO per cent of the .British deAclt.'.' Byrnes has always resented the fact that 'Morgenthau, whom -he i aike - eave What's Doing A" calendar bit events foi today, tomorrow and . Tonight Lutheran Brotherhood meeting. Public card party,, Women's auxiliary, Madne Corps-League. '."'.,-.- fhpeclal .mee'tihE,..-Pona^lU.- Com- jaitnity oiiihu','. '," ''?.;',, .; •; .,: .r ai Brotherhood'" meeting, ' Salem Lutheran church, Shepherd Lodge .testimonial dinner In ihoijor.of .C. 'P. Rodonhach,, Congregational. 1 phurch" janniial meeting aind -ejection.,'.' !* Baskethall, Naugatuck against New .-Britain at Watcrbury armory. so it worried the Russians. Appar- • ntly they thoujrht the United Stales WMS MO anxious to sign n jii'.-ici! treaty that Byrnes could be b:idK'-n.-cl and bullied indefinitely. •Ao when Byrnes told Yugoslav Lvic.ir.itHM Etlvaj-d Kardelj that American patience had reached tho <.-nil of Its rope, Molotov came to s."> him immediately. In much mo:e conciliatory mood, the fins.dun Karelin Minister ask- i'd what thu trouble wn.s. "VVu'vo been here for days," re- j.lied Byrnes, "untl in all that time (hi- <in!y thing's we can agree on in-i' thifM.' rninO'- provisions in the l!:ili in treaty which Involve the lid- uf th" word ''or' and the use of i hi- wards 'in particular.' On the <,;h'-t- -III provisions, there has been riD ajjreumc-nt and no prospect of om ; yet the.se provision;! were j'ussi-cl liy a two-thirds* vote in I'.'irid. .'w stipulated by Russia. 'We've ntloptocl the RusaUm plan t.f procedure, hut even so you won't come ',o an agreement," .llyrnrs conlinuud. "So tho United .Vi.-ilts simply cannot afford to w-uir, T, I'or one, am reconciled to nut having n treaty. We'll just get nl,,M-.: without onu. I'vo fouen the i;iun who nan been pushing for the liculii-s, but now I've changed my iniiKl." Motiitov KeviTsi's I:yi-ni.-s nl:i:i i>roceedod to .Mi.loi.ov some- friendly but sir PIERPONT'S niiTlcitii Gi'in Soelcty If.!! HANK STREET Wutnrhury STILL AVAILABLE!! A llnilli'd luimlicr of Catholic mill Troti-stunt rrlinlniiN t'liliMi- ilars, I'lriisc li'lcpliiiiip II you llivslrr OIK 1 . BUCKMILLER Funeral Home 22 I-AICK l'l,A€i; Tflrphonti •»:!:(» FITZGERALD FUNERAL HOME 320 NORTH MAIN ST. Telephone 4187 from-thc-shouider advice on U. S.- US3R relations. "You don't seem to realize," ho said, "that Russia has ueed up the tremendous reservoir of goodwill It had built up in this country. Moat people had great admiration for Russia. But It's gone now. When you follow a consistent policy of calling us names, naturally, you can't expect us to love you," Byrnes also suggested that Molotov chock with some of the heads of the Russian satellite nations who had close contacts among Czech- Am ericanB and Yugoslav - Americans regarding the sentiment of the American public toward Jlussia. Molotov seemed shaken by Byrnes's statement. Almost immediately he said he would agree to 15 Inuiort- nnt provisions in the Italian 'treaty. And In the regular treaty talks which followed, he began to make decisions and shell out favorable concussions as i!' he really meant business. From that point on, there was smooth sailing. In the end, the Russians even accepted the important principle of arms inspection by the United Nations, including inr.pection on their own sovereign .1011. Molotov, of course, had received new instructions from the Politburo in Moscow. Also he had received assurances from Byrnes that there won no danger of the United States chanR-ing its position on the veto for at least one year. These Politburo instructions were largely the result of the firm but friendly advice given Molotov by Byrnes during weeks of talking to each other in Pari.'i and New York. Byrnes finally had won out. A Fret- I'rc»« In Moscow After the atmosphere cleared and the Russians suggested that they play host for 'the German-Austrian peucc talks, Byrnes took the liberty of giving -his Russian friend some additional advice. "\Vhnn you hold the Moscow Conference," ho told Molotov, "my advice to you is to let the press come In and operate freely without any censorship. If you do that you will win more friends and build up more i, r rjctl will than you have any idea of. "You should also permit radio broadcast. The American public is UMi;d to radio. I get up in the morning- and turn on the radio while I t-huve. And If you let radio and | newsmen come in during the Moscow conference and operate freely, you will win more friends ; than by anything- else I know." Molotov agreed, in principle, though he still hasn't given the final green light on radio broadcasts. JJrltlxn Bargain on ^uhr Though they didn't leak out at tliu time. Byrnes aUa had some differences with the British, one of tho moat vigorous being over payment of the British deficit -in Us occupation /.one in Germany. The British zone, including the wealthy Ruhr industries, operated last ye-sir on a S^OO.000,000 deficit, while the loss wealthy American •/.onn, with a less donee population but more agriculture, operated on a $200,000,000 deficit. Some American officials have re- scnled the fact that the British grabbed off tho prize part of Germany when they took over the Ruhr. For although badly 'battered now. it is Che -backbone of Germany, Ex-gecretary of the Trcas- urv Morgen-thau la credited with Bevin replied that he.'couldn't-do' that without consulting hi3 Cabinet "Well, call them up," shot back Byrnes, who believes in fast action. "I've got-a direct phone to London right here.". Bevln .hemmed and hawed. He knew what the .reaction of the British Cabinet would be. Instead, h« brought in a British financial expert named Whaley and asked him to explain the British financial position in more detail to the American Secretary of S'tate. Byi-nest-Outscotohes Scot* "Whaley," said Byrnns, wanting to make the financial expert feel at home,-"that's an interesting name. I have ,a .friend named Whajey from .South Carolina on the Court of Claims (Judge Richard S. Whaley of Charleston.) He is -a Scot. II you're a Scot, I'm sure you can drive a tight bargain," Mr. Whaley proceeded to give Byrnes , an even more woeful pic- lure of the British financial situation rhan had Bevin. He put up a convincing argument. Finally Bi'i'n-es replied. "Well, I'll tell you what I'll do We'll just pretend Mr. Bevin isn't in the room, and I'll make you an offer. We'll pay 65 per cent of the British deficit—if you will trade zones. I .offered Mr. Bevin 60 pei cent, but I'll offer you 65 per cent.' However, there was still no enthusiasm. Byrnes, of course, knew in advance .that hii offer would be. turned down. That i.-f a brief glimpse at the inside of some of our most important diplomatic convvrsationjj; glimpse -also at the canny statesmanship and.-diplomatic charm oi the man -who weathered one of the roughest diplomatic periods in our history• .and • left our foreign relations much belter for 'his work. 18 (Copyright, 1947 Syndicate, Inc.) by The fief) Funerals George H. Pnlmor Funeral services for George Hen ry Palmer, 466 North Main street, who died Wednesday in the Waterbury hospital, will be held tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock in the Fitzgerald Funeral Home, 320 North Main street, with the Rev. Paul W. Peterson, minister of the Hillside Concrefrationul church, officiating. Burial will bo in Grove cemetery. Fronds may cu.ll at the funeral home tonight from 7 to 10 o'clock. C. H. GREEN FUNERAL HOME 62 Oak Street Telephone 4843 GOING AWAY? GET YOUR LLJGGPGE At FISHER'S 111 South Main St., Waterbury If Yon Wont to Buy or SeU REAL ESTATE See "Tony" Parrar Tel. 4233 ATTENTION LADIES! Just arrived Cloth and Pattern Stylen lor Custom-Tailored Sultn, Skirts, Jacketn and Topcoat*. Fully gored or pleated sklrtn; fitted or hoxed couts at 'EMBRUSKI 431 No. Main St. TeJ. 380; FLOWERS l'*ur All Occunloiu FLOWKKS TKLKOIiAPJICD MELBOURNE'S FLOWER SHOP ISO HJbBKR AVENV1I Telephone fl»M MEN'S, WOMEN'S and CHILDREN'S SHOES Save 1-3 to 1-2!! SALE _/(otoask. s-. SHOES FOR THE ENTI.RE FAMILY NEARY BUILDING NAUGATUCK, CONN. Everything In Millinery "THE STORE OF 3,000 HATS".... 49 CENTER ST. WATERBUEY tmn* -M ... 'Went Side 'Community -Club, -Installation of officers and dance. •Beacon -Falls fire department dance, Jon. IB ' Beacon Valley Grange idance, Basketball, Morticians against Hot Wires at I. M. C. .A. -Jon. 20 , Membership dessert-bridge, Naugatuck Woman'.s .club. St. Michael's Guild .meeting., • ' Jim. 21 Naugatuck . Young " 'Republican club dinner meeting. Salem Lutheran church annual meeting. j St. Francis branch of Connecticut 'Catholic Women, meeting- in St. CeccTla's hall. ,. . Executive -board meeting, Naugatuck Teachers League. Friendship Circle, Immanuel Lutheran 'tfhureh. Illustrated lecture, Mrs. Winifred Walltor, sponsored by MenlB Ffc'l- lowship, Hillside .Congregational church. Jan. 22 Annual mooting, -Valley Teachers League in Ansonia. Playmivkers, St. Michael's church, monthly meeting. Women's Society of Christian Service, Methodist church meeting. ' ' "". Jan. 23 Church council meeting, St. Paul's Lutheran church. Woman's auxiliary, Hillside Congregational church. Jan. 34 Pond Hill Community club party, Congregational church Youth fellowship dance. Theater party, Twenty Plue club of Methodist church. :i Jun. 25 ' Volley Players party. Ladies' auxiliary, V. F, W. party. TIIJJEN SENTENCED Los Angeles, Jan, 17—(UP)—The famous tennis star, 53-year-old William T, Tilden, has been sentenced by a Los Angeles court to nine months of labor with a road gang, Tilden was convicted on a morals charge. . ' Archbishop Terms Film Offensive Hollywood,' 'Jan. 17— (UP)— Catho!lo Archbishop John Cantwcll has advised members of his Los Angeles .archdiocese to •boyoott' 4he David'. Selznick movie "Duel In 'the Sun." Bishop Carrtwell claims the $7,- OOO.-OOO fllnj -Is morally offensive .and spiritually depressing. But Producer Selznick says 'he Is surprised by' !the archbishop's ban. Ho' sa'yB '. he. •'Wbi-lted closely ; with the"Moti'6n 'Picture Assocja- 'tion censorship office on the film and received Its seal of approval. COLDS Relieve mlsei&.aiwiiost'mothers do. Bub the tbroikt, chest •»nd back with, .time - tested FILLED COFFEE -CiVKES HARD CRISPY ROLLS PASTRY OF ALL KINDS CITY BAKERY B. F. STOPPANL .Prop. Maple Street Telephone 8678 NKCKKTYUI.U. 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