Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 16, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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4 Cfetesburp Register-Moi I, Ggjifesburfl, I I.I. Man,, Sept, 16, 1963 'Guess What! You're Almost Molding Your Own! 9 EDITORIAL Co I III! ent and Review United Nations in Perspective The United Nations, as Secretary Gen. U Thant once remarked, is a "large and conspicuous figure at which things can be thrown with impunity." The world forum is an open target for the isolationists of every country. Often as not it is also being pelted simultaneously by those who think it should be doing something it is incapable of. The latest voice is come to the defense of the United Nations is that of The Economist of London. The British press has been extremely critical of the U.N. mission in Yemen. For example Viscount Camrose's Daily Telegraph snappishly commented recently: "If U Thant would next turn his attention to finding out what the unfortunate people of Yemen want, he could earn back some forfeited respect." On the same day The Guardian, whose political complexion is considerably more ru- bescent, also was berating the U.N. observer team for failing to end the fighting in Yemen. But at The Economist pointed out, that U.N. mission, whose 200 members were supplied mainly by Canada and Yugoslavia, was sent to Yemen early in July solely to verify the "disengagement" from the civil war that Egypt and Saudi Arabia had agreed to carry out. And the journal comments: "It is. . .an odd reaction to blame the observers for failing to accelerate it (disengagement); there was never any question of their being in a position to force either party's hand." In its scant 18 years of existence, the United Nations has developed, by a process of adventitious growth, a great many more functions than its founders could have contemplated. It has never become the sort of world parliament that some of its critics feared it might. Its original function of world forum— meeting-place, sounding-board, tension-easer, whatever image one likes—remains its essential one. But its corridors and lounges and committee rooms have proved at least as useful as its rostrum. Vexing world problems, such as the Soviet blockade of Berlin—lifted in May 1949—have been solved in informal talks at U.N. headquarters. Aside from its special functions performed by pendant agencies like the World Health Organization and its Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization—and these continue to proliferate—the United Nations constantly takes on more functions. It has been the policeman in Palestine ever since the state of Israel was born. For the Arab refugees it plays also the role of substitute parent. In a major crisis like that of the Congo the United Nations has actually assumed the role of law enforcer, and this has created much of its financial sickness. Less dramatic, less controversial, and probably more effective is the work of its "in the field" teams as in North Borneo and Sarawak and in Yemen. The transcendental function of peacemaker the United Nations may never fulfill- certainly not until individual states are willing to yield a measure of national sovereignty. But among other things, Turtle Bay remains a useful place for foreign ministers of major powers to meet without protocol. Some sort of such sub-summitry appears to be in the making for the General Assembly regular session opening on Tuesday, Prof. Andrew Hacker of Columbia University,, in a speech the other day, expressed the concern that a combination of growing automation and growing unemployment might lead to a violent political explosion. A couple of days later, Gardner Ackley, a member of President Kennedy's Council of Economic Advisors, made a speech in which he said that there is no evidence that automation is responsible for the unemployment rate. But both men could be dead right. If people THINK that automation causes unemployment, and unemployment grows, there could some day be an outbreak against the fancied menace of the machines. It is important that Cro§sing Toll CHICAGO (UPI) — More than 1,100 persons were killed and another 10,000 injured last year at railroad grade crossings, according to the Chicago Motor Club. Matthew C. Sielski, director of the club's safety and traffic engineering department, said most grade crossings provide warning lights, bells, wig-wag signals or portable gates. He said a majority of grade crossing accidents are the result of inattention or excessive speed. The Wrong Worry Still Burning NEW YORK (UPI) - The old gas light was not like the dodo bird. It was never to become extinct. The Gas Appliance Manu- jfacturers Association reports the gas light did go into ellipse in 1914 after attaining a peak of 250,000 but today, GAMA says, more than 835,000 gas lights are in use. the public know the truths, unpleasant and pleasant, about automation, so that such a misdirected outburst does not occur. As Mr. Ackley points out, while automation is a new twist in the two-century-old industrial revolution, the gradual increase in productivity has not accelerated. Through the years, quests for higher productivity have caused changes from human power to horsepower, to waterpower, to steam, to electricity, to atomic energy, and progress has been steady but never spectacular at any one time. Labor-saving devices sometimes abolish particular jobs, but any hope of improving the standard of living depends upon getting the most out of our work. If laboriuos hand methods would bring even full employment, India should have full employment. She doesn't have it, but West Germany, France, Italy and Japan have it. These latter countries have been installing labor-saving equipment faster than we. Full employment depends upon the economic health of the nation. High productivity is one sign of economic health. If production is poor, there will be poor people. Economic illness is characterized by inflation, confiscatory tax rates, industrial backwardness, and the substitution of political for economic considerations in making economic decisions. Automation is essential if we are to have complicated products at prices the average man can afford. The more of them he can afford, the more will be made, and the more employment there will be. The key is to keep the costs down. 'Switchboard Diplomacy' to Curb U.N. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NBA) - Secretary of State Dean Rusk will be in New York for the first two weeks of the United Nations General Assembly session convening Sept. 17. Unlike Secretary Dulles before him, Rusk will not appear as head of the American delegation nor will he make the official American address in opening general debate. TTiat will be left to Ambassador Adlai Stevenson or to President Kennedy if he attends. What Secretary Rusk is going to New York for is to hold private talks with all top foreign dignitaries and permit them to conduct bilateral discussions with the United States. This is what Assistant Secretary of Slate Harlan Cleveland calls "switchboard diplomacy." It is one of the most valuable aspects of the coming Assembly. It permits direct discussion of troublesome issues not on the U. N. agenda and keeps them from becoming donnybrooks in open debate. SOSA RODRIGUEZ of Vena- zuela — for the past two years his country's representative on the Security Council — is considered a shoo-in for the General Assembly presidency this year. There will be a fight over selection of three new members of the Security Council, for there are four candidates. Bolivia will succeed Venezuela as the Latin American member. Ghana, which has been considered the British Commonwealth member, will be succeeded by the former French colony Ivory Coast as a member for Africa. Malaya — Malaysia — is slated to succeed the Philippines which split the last two-year term with Romania. But the Communist bloc is backing Czechoslovakia as successor to Romania and a representative of Eastern' Eurftpe. Russia has also made a pro* posal that the British Commonwealth seat and one of the two Latin American seats on the Security Council be given permanently to Asia and Africa. This will create a fuckus in U. N. power politics. The United States will oppose the Czech nomination on the grounds that an Eastern European representative on the Security Council has never been agreed to. . The' U. S. does favor enlargement of the Security Council to give the new African and A'sian nations the. greater U. N. roles they seek. Russia has consistently opposed enlargement of the Security Council until Red China Is admitted to membership and replaces Nationalist China as a permanent member. Just how enthusiastic Russia is going to be for admission of Red China to the U. N. this year — in view of the widening split between Moscow and Peking — remains to. be seen. NO NEW NATIONS are scheduled for admission to the U. N. this year. It now has ill members, eventually may have 150. The little island of Malta in the Mediterranean is next in line but will not get its independence in time. It will be the. smallest U. N. member with a population of 320,000 and an area of 95 square miles — about the size of the District of Columbia. The membership question that really has the General Assembly worried this year is a drive by African nations to expel South Africa and Portugal be­ cause of their racial policies. The U. S. opposes this because the U. N. charter provides that members may be expelled only on recommendation of the Security Council. Tampering with membership would soon make the U. N. a trio-exclusive club and destroy its value,. Failing in their drive to expel South Africa and Portugal, the Africans may resort to boycotting General Assembly or committee sessions when Portuguese or South Africans speak. The tactic of "conference rioting" was employed at three U. N. specialized agency conferences this summer. An effort is being made to convince the Africans* that accepting the advantages of democracy also means accepting some of the disadvantages. This includes having to sit bored or disgusted while those you'don't like speak. Soviet Colonialism the Worst of All Today By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WHEN AND if the United Nations chooses to make its debate on the subject of colonialism at least reasonably objective and comprehensive, it would do well to forget Africa for the moment and get around to the subject of Soviet economic exploitation of the captive nations. In particular, the UN might look into the methods Moscow has used to compel Poland and other East European countries to foot the bill for a Soviet oil offensive designed to demoralize the oil industry of the United States, Western Europe and the nations of the Middle East. The Kremlin's trick is to juggle the terms of trade so that Polish and Hungarian peasants are sweated to finance an international bookkeeping subsidy that enables the Soviet crude and dicsel oil exporters to undersell western oil all over the place, from Italy to the Caribbean. For anyone who cares to read the details, they have been ferreted out by Alexsander Kutt, an Estonian who is chairman of the Economic Committee of the Assembly of Captive European Nations, from the most recent Yearbook of the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs. By their own statistical admission, the communists of Moscow have been treating their colonial regions as capitalist imperialists never dared to treat the "natives," even in the palmist days of Cecil Rhodes and Rudyard Kipling. DURING 1960 and 1961, according to Mr. Kutt's summary of Soviet figures, Russian oil exports to the free world increased by more than eight million tons. (The Soviets also took over the business — or maybe it should be called the burden — of supplying Fidel Castro with four million tons a year, which need not figure in this discussion.) In 1961, total Soviet crude oil exports to the nations of the free world were 13.4 million tons, a ten-fold increase over the figure for 1956, the year in which the oil offensive began. The Soviet oil sales to the free nations were legitimate market transactions at the beginning. But in 1959 the average f.o.b. prices on Soviet crude for western Europe were dropped two per cent under the prices for oil from Iraq. And in 1960, the Soviets were selling their oil at 15 per cent below the Iraq figure. To underprice their oil in western markets, the Soviets took a bad loss on the exports. But the figures from the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs Yearbook reveal the callous methods the Russians use to negate the losses when they come to balance their international books. When Soviet crude oil was underselling Iraq oil in Western Europe by 15 per cent, the overall average Soviet sales price exceeded the Iraq price by 12 per cent. In 1960 the Poles were paying $23.95 a ton for Soviet crude, which exceeded the price for Iraq crude by 74 per cent. This arbitrary manipulation of the price means that the Polish people were paying through the nose for tractor and automobile gasoline in order to enable their Moscow masters to carry a demoralizing form of. economic warfare to the West. Moreover, the overpricing of all types of Soviet commodity exports to the captive nations yielded an illegitimate profit of more than $6 billion to Moscow during the seven-year period extending from 1955 to 1962. THIS IS economic imperialism with a vengeance. Soviet Yearbook figures for Russian exports to Poland, Hungary and other captive nations in 1962 and 1963 were not available to Mr. Kutt when he was making his analysis, but the price-cutting in Soviet oil in the free markets of the West has been a continuing thing. The UN Afro-Asian bloc in particular has been free with its denunciations of Portuguese "colonialism" in Angola and Mozambique. The denunciations are supported by the Soviets. And, from a Havana that pays for overpriced Soviet oil with underpriced Cuban sugar, noises are heard periodically about wicked "Yanqui imperialism" in South America. The representatives of the free nations at the UN take all this hypocrisy meekly. Nobody, it seems, will defend the "image" of the West. How long, O Lord, how long? Copyright 1963 Rep. Powell's Political Career Threatened By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Rev. Adam Clayton Powell, a political cat if ever there was one, may be down to the last of his nine political lives. The Congressman from New York's Harlem suffered a crushing defeat earlier this month when voters buried under an avalanche of votes a Powell-backed candidate for City Council. Harlem voters instead chose J. Raymond Jones, a one-time Pow­ ell ally. It was Jones who five years ago engineered Powell's congressional re-election when organization leaders tried to dump him for supporting Dwight Eisenhower in 1956. Jones, who is now Harlem's undisputed political king, is blunt in his denunciation of Powell: "There has been no one in the history of the Negro race who has shown greater contempt for the Negro than Adam Powell. He thought he could make us all suiting from an attack of any other disease is quite so strong and persistent. The mortality caused by measles has varied greatly through history, but especially during the past three centuries. In the London epidemics of 1674, the disease caused more deaths in the first six months of the year than smallpox. In the 18th century measles was a compara- (Continued on page 5) "ST p » st - Z Presen ' Health Column Victory Over a Contagious Disease (This is the first of three articles depicting medical science's efforts to eradicate a disease which claims more lives each year than poliomyelitis — measles! This series — prepared by the Child Health Committee of the Illinois State Medical Society — will trace the history of the disease, its effects upon world health, and science's ultimate triumph over this killer and crippler of children.) Part I: The History of Measles — If it were possible to bring the average mother of 10th century Rome face-to-face with the average mother of today, we would find that they have many things in common. By far the strongest tie between the two would be their maternal concern over their youngsters' welfare in the event of illness. While numerous diseases have been eradicated since the 10th century, the Roman mother would have little difficulty indeed in recognizing one of the medical scourges of her clay; a disease that still claims its heavy toll of children's lives more than 1,000 years later — measles. Known medically as rubeola or morbilli, measles as a clinical entity was first defined by Rhazes, the Arabian physician, in about 900 A.D. Previously, both measles and smallpox were thought to be one and the same disease. Measles has always been a truly universal disease, present on all continents and among all classes of people. The degree of its severity and its occurrence, however, varies from country to country and from time to time. The disi-ase seems to wait until sufficient numbers of susceptible children are available for its epidemic attacks. A 1938 study by the British School Epidemics Committee showed that an outbreak seldom occurs unless the proportion of susceptible children constitutes at least 15 per cent of the class. And, oddly enough, the epidemic is more apt to take place f the majority of the susceptibles are boys. Immunity against the disease after one has had measles, however, is almost absolute. In the measles epidemic of the Faroe Islands in 1846, the survivors of a previous epidemic 65 years before were found to be still immune. It is doubtful that immunity re- Neithcr by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.—Hebrews 9:12. * * * And now, without redemption, all mankind must have been lost, adjudged to death and hell by doom severe.—John Milton. jackasses and pull us around by the tail. He was wrong." THERE IS NOW talk that Jones may contest Powell's House seat in next year's Democratic primary. He denies this. Jones does acknowledge, however, that efforts are under way to draft James Farmer for the race. Farmer, militant head of the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE), has not yet indicated whether he will run. He has been active in Louisiana integration efforts while Jones and other Harlem leaders were opening their dump Powell campaign. Officials of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People can be expected to oppose Powell in 1964. The congressman-minister has been outspoken in his criticism of the NAACP for accepting the support of white liberals. Roy Wilkins, NAACP executive secretary, ridiculed Powell's suggestion that Negroes nosv march on New York City to demand equal rights. Calling the scheme nothing short of amazing, Wilkins said Powell had abdicated his responsibility to his people. There are reports that Powell, tired of U. S. politics and fearful of what next year will bring, might chuck it all for Puerto Rico. EVER SINCE he married a Puerto Rican—and put her on the government payroll at $12,000 a year — Powell has spent more and more time at his Caribbean villa. There he has been engaged in open political warfare with Gov. Luis Mimoz-Marin, an opponent of Puerto Rican statehood. Powell has clamored hard for statehood, a position, incidentally, held by island Republicans, not Democrats. A recent press report said Powell was "trying to convince the Republican Statehood Party he can wield enough influence to win their cause in Congress. ... .Payment, no doubt, will be a Senate nomination." Stateside Republicans of Puerto Rican descent are trying to warn their island colleagues not to have anything to do with Powell. Oscar Gonzalez-Suarez, GOP leader of New York Puerto Ricans, says: "Powell is an opportunist. If the island's Republican leaders are taken in by his glib tongue, they will be performing a great disservice to the Puerto Rican people and.intellectuals. We have enough skilled people to serve as our leaders and spokesmen. "THIS IS NOT a question of race," says Gonzalez-Suarez, who is not a Negro. "It is the man himself. Powell is erratic, a back- tracker. He is now being repudiated by his own people. Why should we adopt him?" . ; When this office tried to reach Powell for comment, the congressman was nowhere to be found. He would not return messages left for him at his office. Copyright 1963 CJalesburg lfegfsfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois rEUSPHUNK NUMBER Register-Mail Ex change 342-8161 Entered. -\s Second Class Matter at the Post Office at GaJesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of M^-r-h 3. 1879 DaUy except Sunday; ' Ethel Custer Schmlth Publisher Charles Morrow ... Editor and General Manager M. H. fcddy Associate ctfitor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New VorK, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMPER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEh ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP new* dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION HATES By Carrier In City of GaJesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mall in our retail trading zone: 1 year $10.00 3 Months $3,50 6 Months S 6.00 1 Month 11 .28 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading cone outside City of Oalesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone In Illinois. Iowa end-Missour) and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months §3.71 6 Months $7 .00 1 Month $1.23 By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri I Year (18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Answer to Previous Puzzl* The Desert ACROSS 9 Crone 1 Desert plant 10 Experts 7 African desert H Raises 13 Feminine name 12 Italian river REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Monday, Sept. 15, 1913 Will Farrell, Galesburg dancing teacher, returned to the city after spending a vacation in Michigan. School children were guests of fair authorities at the Galesburg District Fair. The event was known as "Children's Day." TWENTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, Sept. 15, 1943 Members of the Knox County Bee Keepers Association met at the home of Ira Benson of Abingdon for the ninth annual election of officers. Benson was re-elected president. FIFTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, Sept. 16, 1913 While playing with his children at Lake Rice, Rev. Theodore Peterson of Emmanuel Methodist Church fell and sustained a badly injured knee. A number of interested persons convened in Central Hall in Galesburg to plan the formation of a Tango club. TWENTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Sept. X8, 1943 Approximately 100 boys, members of the high school sophomore class, were entertained in the gymnasium by the Boys' Forum of the school. The I'll Try Class of the First Baptist Church met in the home of Mrs. C. M. Richards, 1296 E. North St. 14 Swapper 15 Meal 16 Greek sea 17 Conclusion 18 Tackle 19 Golf instructor 20 Eternity 22 Fish 23 Heights (ab.) 24 Send money 26 Medina Arab 27 Mongols 29 .American poet 30 Affirmation 31 Solvent 33 Above (comb, form) 34 Depression agency (ab.) 35 Underworld ruler (Roman) 37 Et cetera (ab.) 38 Swine genus 39 Article 41 More ornamented 43 Official donor 46 Turkish decrees 47 Keep 48 Vegetable oil 49 Still-hunts DOWN 1 Grant 2 Line up 3 Vulture 4 Metal •5 Employ 6 Weight of India 7 Steps 8Saod expanses 18 Desert hazards 21 Lower 22 Lass 23 Shucked 25 River in the Netherlands 26 Eminent 28 Philippine native 36 Desert chief 30 Desert flowers 37 District is 32 Ceremonial Greece 33 Gaze fixedly 38 Appear 34 Foster mother 40 Eagles 42 Cretan mount 43 Sources of ego 44 Brother of Osiris 45 Station (ab.) mr 46 4T 33 — mF —^H^I KCWSFAmi ENTERPRISE ASSN. 40 49 16 I

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