Home Paper of 70 Communities Qateshurg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Red Mild Tonight and on Tuesday With High From 78 to 85 Degrees VOLUME LXXII — 218 A Better Newspaper GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1963 PRICE. SEVEN CENTS Officials Watch Over TenseBirmingham Bulk of Aid Used to Nip Chinese Reds WASHINGTON (AP) — Military assistance to nations whose borders are overshadowed by the guns of their Communist neighbors is still the costliest single item of U.S. foreign aid, President Kennedy told Congress today. The lion's share of the military aid is being spent to stem the Chinese Commu- Ben Bella to Take Land of Big Holders ALGIERS,. Algeria (UPI) Ahmed Ben Bella, elected first president of independent Algeria without opposition, said today his government will seize land owned by French settlers and big Algerian landowners. In a nationwide telecast, Ben Bella, 47, also announced he plans a cabinet shakeup soon, with key posts going to militants among his supporters "chosen by the best elements of the Algerian revolution." He said nationalization of large land holdings will be the first step toward sweeping agrarian reform. No Details Yet Although details have not been announced, government sources said the agrarian reform measure probably will set a limit of about 125 acres for private ownership of cereal-growing lands and 12 acres for private market gardens. The government also wants to j reduce the area presently used for wine-growing and turn part of it over to cereal production. Political sources said the new cabinet will probably be announced in two or three days and include little-known "technicians" or personal friends of Ben Bella, distinguished by their fierce loyalty to him. Ben Bella was confirmed as president Sunday in a mass turnout of Algerian voters. Official and nearly final election results gave him $5,543,027 votes in a registered electorate !>f 6,337,983. A total of 20,962 votes were declared void. This means about 773,000 people stayed away from the polls. nist threat in the Far East, Kennedy said in his annual report on how U.S. aid is being used. The report, covering military and economic aid programs in fiscal 1962, did not include more recent outlays, but administration officials said the trend this year is still much the same. Shifted South Increasing amouts of economic help are being shifted to Latin America, where the report said "the prospect for the near future is a continuing effort by the international Communist movement to obstruct and retard the Alliance for Progress." The report said the total $4,514,600,000 aid appropriations for 1962 included: military aid $1.6 billion; development loans $1,112,500,000; special help to Latin America $600 million; supporting aid such as credits to bail nations out of financial trouble $425 million; grants $296.5 million, and a special contingency fund $275 million. The report said Greece, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Thailand, South Viet Nam, Nationalist China and South Korea got more than half of the total military aid. Dart board Is Out ZURICH, Switzerland (UPI) — Hans Guhl turned his restaurant into a British pub for a trade fair. Now he wants to keep it that way—with one exception. "The dartboard is coming out— too dangerous," he said Sunday. GUARD CITY—Alabama state troopers and their cars fill the street in front of Birmingham's city hall after their arrival from outposts over the state. They have joined city police in an effort to protect the community from civil disorder. Racial violence resulted in six deaths over the weekend with four children killed in a church bombing and two others in sepcrate shootings. UNIFAX Sen. Sparkman Opens Debate On Test Ban Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 24 PAGES Abingdon 21 Amusement 6 Building 18-19 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads 22-23 Comics-TV-Radio 17 Editorial 4 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 21 Markets 24 Monmouth 10 Obituary 20 Sports 14-15-16 Weather 2 Women in the News — 8-9 Woman Survives at Sea for 6 Days Without Food, Water WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen John L. Sparkman called today for Senate ratification of the lim ited nuclear test-ban treaty, warning "if this treaty doesn't work, then a future nuclear war will in all probability 'solve' all our problems." Sparkman, Alabama Democrat who is a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee, made his appeal as the Senate resumed debate on the pact which would ban all but underground nuclear testing. 11 Doubtful As the historic debate moved into its second week, the votes of only 11 of the 100 senators remained on the doubtful or undecided list. Thirteen senators have announced their opposition to the treaty and 76 are committed to or are inclined to vote for ratification. A two-thirds majority is required for approval. If all 100 senators should vote, and that is unlikely since Sen. Clair Engle, D- Calif. is ill, 67 favorable votes would be needed for ratification. Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana ordered overtime sessions in an effort to accommodate more than 20 senators who still want to make floor speeches on the treaty. Eleven want to speak today, 10 more on Tuesday. Mansfield indicated he did not think the oratory would change many votes. Ouints Thrive On Meals of Sugar Water ABERDEEN, S.D. (AP) — The Fischer quintuplets, very tiny but extremely vigorous, rounded out their first 48 hours of life early today with good prospects for survival. The babies born to Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Fischer early Saturday were reported doing fine. Dr. James Berbos, who delivered the infants, said they were going strong on JACKSONVILLE, Fla. (UPI) — "I had no food or water for a week, but I don't remeber be Ing hungry or thirsty." Mrs. Lorna Slade was relating her experience aboard a slowly sinking cabin cruiser which drifted nine days in the Atlantic Ocean while she tried to signal for help. Her husband, retired Canadian Naval Commander Stuart L. Slade, died after six days. The spunky Mrs. Slade was picked up Saturday by the tanker S. S. Perryville and brought here Sunday night. The cabin cruiser, The Crystal, sank with her husband's body as an 82-foot Coast Guard cruiser prepared to tow it back here. Sunburned and Emanciated Mrs. Alade, wearing black lacks and a colored blouse, appeared sunburned from spending most of the time on deck painting "SOS" signs and lighting makeshift flares. She was emaciated from a week without food or water. Mrs. Slade, who was rescued about 120 miles north of here, said she spotted four fishing boats during the ordeal, but they apparently thought "we were fishing." She said she and her husband left Miami aboard the 30-foot cabin cruiser Sept. 5, and only several hours later the engine conked out and they began to drift up the Gulfstream. Husband Grows Worse And then her husband, already "not feeling good," began to get worse. As the hot hours passed and the food and water supply dwindled and then disappeared, he became ill, then "delirous." "He was irrational," she said. "He kept asking for water. We ran out of food and water after about three days.. .we drank all the water and then the water from the life jackets. Then he was gone." A storm came up after several days, she said, opening a seam in the boat. The Crystal began to sink slowly. "First I bailed every five hours, then every three hours, and then every hour," she said. PREFERS BARRY — Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, appearing on a TV interview Sunday, said he would rather see Sen. Barry Goldwater in the White House than President Kennedy because "Kennedy does not have a clear understanding of free enterprise system." UNIFAX a diet of sugar water and may be switched to something heavier today, like a milk formula. Late Sunday, Dr. Berbos reported that the four girls and a boy were being fed about four cubic centimeters of sugar water every two hours. Berbos, who has delivered 3,607 children in his 16 years as a physician, said both mother and children were doing extremely well. The first 72 hours were con sidered to be the most dangerous for the newborn quints, but there was no sign of trouble. Gifts of money and merchandise continued to pour in for the family and Dr. Berbos added one of his own. "I don't think I'll charge them anything," Berbos said. He indicated that St. Luke's Hospital, where the infants were born, also would forget about a bill. Dr. Berbos told a news conference that he hadn't delivered any more babies since the birth of the quintuplets. Scared Off Looking at a score of newsmen crowded into the hospital lounge, Berbos smiled and said: "They've all been scared off." Fischer and three of his other five children attended Mass Sunday at Sacred Heart Roman Catholic church, escorted in and out by a platoon of reporters and photographers. It wasn't far away from birth day time for any of the three youngsters. Julie was 6 Sunday Charlotte will be 7 Wednesday and Danny will be 8 Oct. 5. The other Fischer children are Evelyn 4, and Denise, 3. While the father and Dr. Berbos were busy with periodic news conferences in the hospital cafeteria Sunday, Mrs. Fischer rested in her third-floor room and tried to think of names for the four girls They all were named Mary but have no second names. The boy was named James Andrew. Priest Approves The Rev. William Neuroth took advantage of the event in his ser mon Sunday to criticize proponents of birth control. "Be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it," Father Neuroth quoted from the Bible's Book of Genesis. The infants were expected to stay in their isolettes for possibly two months or more, until they've reached 5Va pounds. The boy, heaviest of the quints, weighed about four pounds at birth. His sisters ranged from about Vh. to 316 pounds. Fivers Fly High HONOLULU (UPI) - The Hickam Air Force flyers entered their bid Sunday for the high scoring football game of 196.'',. They whipped Wahiawa Navy 1040, scoring 15 touchdowns and 12 conversions. Malaysia Is Born Without Many Friends KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (AP)—Violent demonstrations in Indonesia and a cold shoulder from the Philippines darkened the birth of Malaysia today. In its first hours of life, the new na tion found itself in deep trouble with its two biggest neighbors Neither the Philppines nor In donesia recognizes the Federation of Malaysia. In Indonesia, mobs stormed the British and Malayan Embassy compounds to protest birth of the British-supported fed oration. In Manila, Philippine officials withheld recognition pond ing consultations with their diplomatic experts. Both nations have placed claims to the North Borneo sec tion of Malaysia. As Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and King Yangdi-Pet nam Agong of Malaya knelt here in prayerful thanksgiving, angry demonstrators stoned the Malay an and British embassies in Jakarta, Indonesia, in support of their government's opposition to the federation. A crowd of 5,000 tore down the British flag, smashed windows and set the British ambassador's car ablaze. Malaya was the leader of the formation of Malaysia, bringing under one flag with Malaya the British colonies of Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo. Cautious After Weekend Violence BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — Officials took extraordinary stops today to head off any new racial violence in bomb-shaken Birmingham after a dynamite blast killed four Negro girls, caused hours of terror and brought outraged protests from national Negro leaders. The U.S. Justice Department sent in three top officials and a force of FBI agents with bomb experts. City officials joined with church' Negro Children Back in School After Four Years FARMVILLE, Va. (AP) - Negro children returned to school in Prince Edward County today, ending a four-year educational drought. Hundreds of children—ages 6 to 18—arrived at the Mary Branch Elementary School No. 2 to be sent on to the other three schools open today. There was no immediate estimate of enrollment, but between 1,200 and 1,600 pupils are expected to be in class by the end of the week. The children are attending a system of free private schools set up only a month ago at the urging of President Kennedy. To Seek Levels The four free schools will not have any formal grades at first and children will be assigned by age groups. They will be allowed to seek their own levels as classes progress. Some pupils as old as 10 years have never attended school. Most of those who have been to school before have been without any formal education since 1959. At least two white children and possibly a third white child joined the Negroes in the free schools today. White children in Prince Edward attend private segregated schools organized when county officials closed the public schools in 1959 to avoid integration. Unlike those in the free schools, they must pay tuition. A spokesman for the free schools said about $200,000 has been raised to finance the private schools. Queen Elizabeth Expecting Baby Early Next Year LONDON (AP) — Queen Elizabeth is expecting a baby early next year, Buckingham Palace announced tonight. It will be her fourth child. The announcement came from the palace while the queen was on her annual holiday with her family at Balmoral Castle in Scotland. leaders in a special telecast, urging citizens to be calm. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a Negro leader, Hew into town to urge Negroes to lie nonviolent- just as he did in May when the bombing of a Negro motel touched off rioting by Negroes. National Guardsmen were placed on alert. Gov. George C. Wallace sent 300 state troopers into town at the request of Mayor Albert Boulwell. The Sunday morning blast at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church occurred during a youth day program at the church where numerous desegregation meetings have been held. It killed the four young girls and injured 23 others. Within a few hours, two Negro boys were shot to death in other parts of the city, and three other persons were wounded. "Today has been the most frightening in the history of Birmingham," said - Sheriff Mclvin Bailey as violence continued breaking out despite pleas for peace. Not since integration leader Medgar Evers was shot to death at his home in Jackson, Miss., in June has the nation's Negro community reacted so strongly to racial violence. Sunday school classes at the church were just ending a lesson on "The love that forgives" when tiie explosion ripped out concrete, metal and glass. The four girls apparently were in the lounge in the basement of the old brick church. One, Synthia Wesley, 14, was hit by the full force of the blast and could be identified only by clothing and a ring. The others were Carol Robertson and Addic Mac Collins, 14, and Denice McNair, 11. Even as officers were roping off a two-block area around the church — the starting place for ( many of the desegregation dem- fercd a $5,000 reward onst rations earlier this year—civic and church leaders were crying for peace and nonviolence. But there was no peace. Two white youths fatally shot a 13- year-old Negro boy, policemen shot to death a lfi-year-old Negro and two white men were wounded by Negroes, one in a robbery attempt. Police wore kept on the run for hours investigating reports of rock throwing, fires and other outbreaks. The state troopers came in, the FBI launched its probe and U.S. Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy sent three top aides. Burke Marshall, Joseph Dolan and John Nolan. Twenty-two times in the past eight years, explosions have been directed at Negroes here. Sunday's was the first ono that killed. In none of the blasts has there been a conviction. Police estimated that 10 sticks of dynamito went into the bomb, apparently placed in a stairwell about four feet below ground level outside the building. Dynamite is not unfamiliar in Birmingham, a mining town. In suburban Sandusky, 13-year- old Virgil Ware, a Negro, allegedly was shot to death by two white I youngsters on a motor scooter. Johnnie Robinson, 16, was shot and killed by police officers who said they intended to shoot over his head after he threw rocks at their car. Two major fires broke out, both in Negro residential areas. A Negro house burned in suburban Enslcy. Boutwcll, the mayor, wept when he learned of the bombing. Ho liad been seeking racial peace since ho took office in May after defeating staunch segregationist Eugene (Bull) Connor. Gov. Wallace said in a statement: "The entire forces of the stato will be utilized to maintain law and order." He said he hoped the bombers were caught, and of- Attendance Shows Increase In Desegregated Schools BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP)—White pupils were returning to classes here today in larger numbers than last week despite pleas from segregationists for a school boycott. Two Negro girls attending West End High School arrived in a station wagon and walked quietly' into the formerly white school about 7:50 a. m. White pupils tood in small gatherings and watched, but there were no demonstrations like those which broke out last week. White pupils arrived in automobiles and apparently were being escorted to the school by parents j or other adults. I About 75 policemen were in the Mayor Offers Reward After Gang Attack ANNISTON, Ala. (AP) - A $1,000 revs aid has been offered for, i »>. _ A /n the arrest of the leaders of a 'Kecl Kl[l!i DeGaillle gang of white persons who beat) TARBES, France (UPP— two Negro clergymen on tiie steps \ French Communist party chief of the public library. j Jacques Duclos said Sunday nL'ht Mayor Claude Dear posted the' that President Charles da bounty Sunday night after meet- ; Gaulle's resistance to lessening of school area, but there were no spectators. There were no Confederate flags. As . students arrived, police made them go into the school. Two other newly integrated Birmingham schools saw an increase in actendancc also. They are Ramsay High School and Graymont Elementary School. One Negro is enrolled at Ramsay and two Negro brothers are attending Graymont. They arrived with their parents. White pupils watched quietly and there was no disturbance. Two Negro pupils entered Murphy High School at Mobile today with no incidents. Dies—Former U .S. Sen. Carl A. Hatch of New Mexico died ifl a hospital at Albuquerque, N.M., at 73 years of age Sunday. Ao account of his death may be • found OA page 20. UNIIFAX ing with a group of Negro ministers. The ministers— the Revs. Quintus Reynolds and W. B. McClain —were members of a recently-organized biracial committee to ad- East-West tensions is "unfortunately identical with that of China." Addressing a crowd at a party fete, Duclos said great progress has been achieved toward form- vise the city commission on com- ing a united front with French munity problems such as segre- Socialists to overthrow tha Gaul- gation. j list regime.
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