The Oskaloosa Independent from Oskaloosa, Kansas on December 12, 1863 · Page 1
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The Oskaloosa Independent from Oskaloosa, Kansas · Page 1

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Oskaloosa, Kansas
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Saturday, December 12, 1863
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.IrAmy o ha 2Q0ii:c A J. W. ROBERTS, Sebofe8 fo agiciiiq, Iffeeipnleft" ftH fletos, 6ei titeFe." ptln " r ill " V ' -s.1 s. EwiUr t Fhfriettf. " - i I- VOLUME IV, NUMBER 16. OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, DECEMBER 12. 1863. 2 i. WHOLE NUMBER. 17?. 1 ne independent . V t COMPENSATION. Th braised flower mora fragrance (Ire Than those of hardy growth ud strong; Ae1 scarce a bird or Summer lire. ' Hi life of otig, Hut bears some broken Joy along. The ripple on the glassy lake, The breezy murmur of the tree, tV wry ware of dell acd brake. Tea, all of these An type or human destinies, That circle on, tost criere and sigh, That bloom and fade, and pan away While not the meanest flower can die From day to day, Out bath its own appointed way : It lircs again through endless years, 'Each atem bearing well its part; And thus, O dweller of the spheres ! O, human heart! Tfcou shalt thy usefulness Impart. Thou hast a germ of life within, That crermore shall deathless be ; Sj mortal suffering thou shalt wia The liberty Of all Oat is nsUtrad in thee. Each faith, each hope, each warm deslie, Held captive la the chains of earth, Shall, cfaastensd by affliction's power, Hail sorrow's birth. An 1 deem earth's joys of little worth. And if tbou art so circumstanced That earthly pleasures are not thine, Then haU thy soul be recompensed By joys dirine : The furnsco doth the gold retne. Tbuu atom of a power dirice! Where'er unhappiness Is rif". There let a bright example ssiue : And, all thy life, ' Assist thy.brother In the strife. A 1. Ossercrr. LOOK OX THE stISNV SlaVC bt rivu,ia acasL aaw tosku. Tho sunny side 1 Yes. why not there t TV by sLocId we court the cloud despslr, And mfcle all Icautcous iMcgs thus seem But Tajaria of a fltful dram ? tt hen God pronounced the world so very good It by should we, in sullen mood, IViUi sombre rail obsesre the light , Aud call it all a gloomy night? Ihe world its shadoas bath, t know, How many fee? their power to bow The soul, with anguish dseply riren. And earth seem but a cheerless erea. Cli, look thou upward, and descry A pure, soft light within the sky ; The cloadlct's silver edge retells The brightness it but half conceals. Thro' Faith's sweet vision thou mayest see A dove lit .pint wbiseriBg thee; While the rkii dews or beatenly grace May every sorrowing tear efiace. Jiow drk .oe'er the cloud may be. Look upward, and you still may sea ome glimmering light, tho' faint, perrbauce; Oh, greet It, and you'll thus enhance The joy of Ufa. When woes betide, k' forward tt that sunny .Ms, 'ttheru clouds ne'er llui lu radiance (sir, Tif'One eternal sunshine, there. circled jriwtok OUSJSTTJMELD'G 3B0THE. ' ' BY REV. THK0. L. CUTLER. An aged man the noblest man then living oh pur globe once sat down and wrote, under tho inspiration of God, tbcicjwords: "It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor anything whereby thy brother atumbleth." Now, who is our brother?" In this pasage"Paul may have referred to his brollier in Christian fellowship; he was '.olio nothing wilfully offensive and in-jarious ti his fellow diciples in God's beaselipkj. -Dat if be is to be thus tesder of 'fie feelings and watchful of -Uie'iuUrestB of other Christians, bow aach mortTonglit lie to avoid anytbiog which would be morally hurtful to the 'isBpesitent nasses of bis fellow-men. Let as loolt at the teaching of this baois. passage, so redoteat of Christian philanthropy; wliat does the passage teach ? To oar mind it cleat ly teaches the moral obligation. to abstain froca practices. and usages that inevitably injure others. We are to abstain frs that which works miscbisf to our brother-awn. and we are to do so from ht-lawof love. This is the drift of tie pusage, and of the whole chapter ia wbteh i: it taahedded. Even so con servative an expounder as Prof. Hodge of Praseetoarwys, ia freatiaf of this pMMgie'. ttiarikiags'aot einful ia tliem-lvea a: to ba frivea tip for' the sake' tM'Saswra,' iae legal jioeny ui vwu- cieatioaB tBanisTiever to be exercised wWeaasoraUvil will iaevitablv low troai tek exercise. If ay "liberty" Ftts a stumbling-block in the way of mother, aad, trips bias sp that he fall, iWwoe Bmto bm for perswtiag in Heg this liberty. The principle is a brsad one. audit is as aobte as that fioti!e(love that cave it birth. It ' tb priawple that good men are to wiee'aaytt)ing and everything that k deitrkcUve to ihe best interests of kaatuitv " f '' J' Ws lay ilowa, then, this proposition, twt ao aua of conscience has a moral "glit to aEei'-anw1 svstsn or eractica ' vkkLtis kapsra toJba iHevMably hurtful I WiwfHbor -maa. I Rave a legal , "Py?J tbiaga wbM'M rasitlaoshtBBH to do. I MB have hlrif4t ' take opium or. arsenic, W aHow'vsquaatiti.s.of fbsrtk- lWvHrTNjef;'btit I bave no moral S- "Klit thus to commit self-destrnciinn I bare a legal right to attend habitually, a theatre, even though every play there enacted should be surcharged with moral poison.and every tier were throng ed with harlots. Thre is no written law to forbid my going there, and no officer atands guard to repel me. But 1 have no moral right to go there not merely because I shall see and lar what is ensnaring and poluting to myself, but because that whole garnished and glittering establishment, with its sensuous attractions, is to many of Bay fellow men a chandeliered and crimsoned hell, and yawning maelstrom of perdition. The dollar I gave at the en trance is my direct contribution to wards sustaining an establishment whose dark foundations rest on the murdered souls of hundreds of my fellow men. What right have I to con tribute my money and to trive the sanc tion of my example to the support of a perfect slaughter bouse of character and of immortal souls ? Now on litis same principle not merely of "-preservation, for of that I am not speaking what right have 1 to sustain the magazines of moral death where poisonous drinks are vended ? What right have I to sustain a traffic which is simply dealing out death lu meature What right have I to abet the drinking usages of society T If a glass of intoxicating drink on my table I oe u sparaung j&aaeria or Bourbon whisky) will entrap some one of the susceptible or excitable temperament into dissipation, w hat right have I to set that trap for his life, to tempt him to his own ruin, and make myself the particeps criminis in his destruction ? If the contents of tba glass which I give to my brother cause him to Mumble, he stumbles over me. If his moral restraints are broken, I helped to break them. I am an accomplice in his sin. If he goes away from my table with an increased thirst for the bo tile, I have helped to make him a drunkard, and to that t!urree have heloed to shut him out of hcavon. The words he may have spoken, the blows he may have struck, the excesses he may have committed under the stimulation of -my offered glass, are to a certain degne my words and deeds of folly or of wickedness. But for me he would not have uttered the words or done the shameful deeds. The m in who, in the Ian yuage of scripture, "puts tho battle to his neighbor, is partially and largely responsible for all the havoc which that bottle makes, and fur the dark damna tion which tuny follow in its train. Of course this principle m ike fearful work with the willful irafic in the inioxtea ting drinks as a beverage, and when society punishes the drunkard for his outrages, and licenses the drunkard-maker, it simply punishes the effect and protects the taute ! We might say a thousand thing here on the woes of the drunkard, on the guilt of the dram-seller, on the poisonous nature of the most popular alcho-bolic drinks, and on the frightful havoc which the bottle is working in the army, in our househnlde, and even in our churches. But we prefi-r now to speak on one specific point, viz, the duty of all conscientious people to abstain from drinking, and offering strong drink, whiiethat drink makes others "stumble." It is the ttumlders that we are now pleading for. It is for those whom your wine-cup offered in mistaken hospitality, or under the tyranny of fashion may parcipitate into drunkenness and perdition. Oh 1 those slum-blers ! Who are they ? I hardly dare tell; for it would touch many of us too tenderly. It would taar open too many secret wound which pride and affec tion are atlempttng.but in vain, to con-ceafc It would reveal wrecke that an-geU. might weep over. It would open afresh some tombs where, tho cliitn ble green turf now hidea out of sight what surviving friendship would love to have forgotten. For the sake of my stumbling brother, I am bidden to abstain. Is this asking too much of me 1 Let a single incident answer. In a certain convention of temperance philanthropists,a clergyman made a nlausible defence of the moral right of even good men to drink ml offer alcoholic liauors. Teetotal- ism he denounced as fanatical and tin- seripinral. He talked glibly ot me wine used at uana 01 usiiwn, iuw.. not very uodw-rstaudingly,) and insisted that for one he should claim the right toBse liquors at his own table and in social gatherings. When be bad cou-LwUrt hi annhisiical arsament, an old maa arose under much emotion. His .i iwmhlfld with erief. Turning to the convention, ho said in substance to them, '"I kuow a young man. He fast becoming an inebriate. I fear he is ruined. When lie is urged to give up the wiae-cup. be always pieaua w.c example of certain popular clergyman. He y tbat while that miuister tulriiia rlsa and defends it, he means to do the same. Gentlemen, that poor intemperate jouth is my son; and the .u.nm.n. whose evil erarople he is following, is the very samo one who has iust addressed tins wmtuiwn ach easier to point oat the way of duty to others than it is io It. :.. ; niaraatvM. t ia mien mscu " i walk in it orsIves. H A ft 1 1 Mr w st 4 fl Southern Horrors. The following recital of horrors is given to the Philadelphia Inquirer by an eye-witness of the scenes described, whose veracity and reliability the editor of that journal vouches for : No less than fire attempts at negro insurrections have been made in Georgia since the month of July last. As a terror to the slaves, some were shot, oth ers were hung, and seven or eight were burned, one of the latter beinsr a nre?- uani temaie. JUany children have died from want of the common necessaries of life. Old and infirm men and women have also departed this life, their deaths having been hastened by the want of proper nourishment. In Richmond, Va.,women to the number of five hundred or more appeared in the streets demanding bread or blood. One house, filled with stores for the reb el army, was broken open, and the women succeeded in obtaining some pro visions to sustain ute a nine longer. The people of Richmond were in a des perato condition. There aro but few of the wealthy classes remaining. Many of them had reached Wilmington, N. C. and running the brockade, are now out of harm's way in Europe. Considerable numbers of Un'on prisoners are daily starving to death; many whoyet cling to life are hopelessly imbecile. Massachusetts soldiers are persecuted, but all of them appear to have died game. During the second bread-riot, three women were shot, one of whom died from her wounds. In her last moments she upheld a little cross, the emblem of tier religion, worn next to her heart and taking therefrom a diminutive American flag, made of silk, wrapped it on the outside of the. cross, and kissed it, when her head fell upon her breast. She was dead. About the middle of October a steam er from Nassau ran the blockade, and roached Wilmington, N. C. The people M'i7Pil tiiA vncwl and appropriate! the cargo, or most of it, to their own use. In this the women look the lead. Gen. Whiting ordered out the Hoaie Guard, as ihe soldiers there are called, but they .refused to fire on the women, even when ordered to do to. Some 20 miles from Newberne, an e-maciated mother was seen digging a little grave, in which she buried an infant nearly two years old. Her despair was truly heart-rending. Her husband and son were conscripted into the rebel army. She believed her son was killed at the battle of Malvern Hill. He belonged to the North Carolina Seventh, which, she says, was composed nearly all of boys, some of them noi over fourteen years old. She had understood her husband had escaped North. Our informaut was touched by the sad scene, snd gave the woman some Confederate scrip, and made a little head-board for the grave, on which he drew the following: "Sacred to the memory of Sullie John-sou, aged SI months." The mother could not read, but he explained what he had placed on tho little board, and she expressed great gratitude, and burst into a flood of tears. She, no doubt, thought he was a rebel soldier. He further says that a counter rebellion is not far distant, when the leaders of the Southern Confederacy, if they do not escape the country, will be made to bite the dust. PhU.Inq. 3d Xov. The Rev. Solomon Stoddard, of Northampton, the ancestor of all the Stoddards and a troop they are of worthy sons of a worthy sire had a bUu. tv !n l.:. - .Pir. - ,-,-" '""i" the most of black boys.full of fun anJ mischief, and up to a joke, no mattrr at whose expense. He went with the parson's horse every morning to drive the cows to pasture. It was on a piece of table land some littlo distance from the village; and here, out of sight, the neighbor's boys wore wont to meet him and "race horses" on Sunday moroing. Parson S oJdard heard of it, and resolved to catch tbem at it and put an n,l in the snort. Next Sunday morn- :-.. i. int,1 Rill he would ride the mire iA.ct.. with the cows, and he (Bill) might stay at home. Bill knew what was ia the winu, anu wu -...-cut across tho lots, was up in the pasture away ahead of the parson. Ihe boys were there with their horses.only waiting for Bill and his master's mare. u- ..,1,1 id hova to be ready and as the old gentleman arrived to give the --! -fio I" Bill hid himself at the other end of the' field, where the race always ended. The parson came jog ,.; .loair md. and ike boys sat de murely on their steeds, as if K for "service to begin." But as the cood old man rode into line they cried - ... - il.a man SSltll "UO J ana awy wem - -the reverend rider sticking fast, like John Gilpin, but there was no lop to her or to him. Away .ahead of all the rest, he went like the wind; and a ,h other end of the field Bill jumped ... r ..Jir tlm fanr?A. and sunir out, "P" ., . , tmK!l j i i .r l'.i vm. d ,., Bat Hut The usually quiet village of Roscoe is convulsed with an intestine war ; the entire population is arrayed in deadly hostility, one half under Capt. Akeioyd, the other half nnder Capt. Toland not fighting against each other, butall fight ing rats, wuti a view or getting the largest number of tailt; the party having the least number by the 2Jst of Febru ary, will give a grand supper to the whole on the glorious 22u. We are not advised, but presume rai-tail soup will be the principal dish. Shot guns, rifles, pistols, swords, knives, clubs, dogs, cats, traps, stones, high water and extermin ators, are all brought into requisition. A continual rattle of musketry is kepi up, and the shouts of rat-hunters enliven the classic shades over the river. A huge sign is stuck up on the town well, "Cash paid for rat-tails !'' Ask a Roscaman for a chew of tobacco, aud he will pull out his plug and a half a dozen rat tails in the same hand. A youngstet stepped into a leading store and enquired for thread was shown it. 'How much a spool?' Five cent.' Youngster planks down a rat-tail and disappears with the thread, 'All right!' says Selh, and throws the tail in his safe with a hund.ed others. A father and son happen to be arrayed on opposite sides old man 'holes' a rat in a pile of boards. Youngster waits at the end while old man 'goes for' the rat rat darts out and yougster lays him out with his club, cuts off his tail.and laughing, says, 'You ain't quite smart enough ! Water rises around the slauehthr- house,and an enterprising boatman trees fifty or sixty, and gets them all. Coshocton yoHnetters drive a brirk trade with contraband rat-tails at five cents apiece. Two rat-tails paid ferriage across the raging water, while the rivers were on a 'high.' A Coshocton lawyer set his trap and caug it four one night, and the next day he, with a party of friends, took a 'smile' in Koscoe, for which the tails were freely taken. It is thought several thousand rat-taiis will be the result of the hunt. What quantitio of grain and provisions will be saved through the hunt, and what a alnrinn llirt will tM."l"e,fc,l -til... snpper on tho xza : May we do mere to see ! Uoshocfn Age. A pretty good joke on a rival town. The Committee Meeting. A philosophical old gentleman was one day pissing a new schojl-house erected somewhere toward the setting-sun-borders of our glorious Union, when his attention was suddenly aroused by a crowd of persons gathered around the door. He inquired of a boy, whom wa met, what was going on. "Well, nothin' 'cept the skule committee, and they're goin' in." "Oh, committee meets to-day, eh ? What for?" "Well," continued the boy, "you see Bill, that's our biggest boy, got mad the other day at the teacher, nnd so he went all over and gathered dead cats. Nothin' but cats and cats. Oh, il was orful, them cats." "Pshaw 1 what .have the cats to do with the school committee ?" "Now, well, you see, Bill kept a biingin' cats and cats; always pilin' 'em up on ler, (poitning to a large pile, as large in extent as a pyramid, and considerably aromatic) and he piled them and piled them. Nothin' but catb, cats !'' "Never mind, my son, what Bill did. What has the committee met for ?" "Then Bill got sick handlin' 'em, nail everybody got sick nosin' 'em; but Bill tmt madder and didn't irive UD.but kept a pilin up the cats, and " "Tell me wliat me committee are holding a meeting for ?" "Why, the skule committee are going to meet o hold a meeting to say wheth er llloj II U1V ... iLem cats." Tho old gent evaporated immediately. The Human Figure-The proportions of tho human figure are strictly mathematical. The whole figure is six times the length of the foot. Whether the form be slender or plump, this rule holds good. -Any deviation from it is a departure from the highest tw....tt f nronortion. The Greeks make all tlietr statues according to this rule. The face from the highest point on Ihe forhead, where the hair begins, to the chin, is one-tenth of the whole statue. The band from the wrist to ihe middle finger, is the same. The chest is one-fourth; and from the nipple to the top of the head is the same. Ficm the iop of the cheat to the highest point r (i.. r.intLpaii is one seventh. If the length of the face, from lb, roots of the hair to me cum, u ";- -" three equal parts, the first division determines the place where the eyebrows meet, and the second the place where the nostrils. The naval is the centra part of the body, and if a man should i:. .. i.;. l.ark with hi arms extended. the periphery of ihe circle described around him. with the navel for its centre would touch the extremities of his i..n,U and feet. I ne nigin irun. m feet to the top of the head, is the same .i. t;.i.ni.A from the extremity of ihe fingers when the arms are extended. Babbl Hears Wife. The lenowned teacher and expounder of the law, Kabbi Meir, once sat a wtiole babbath in the synagogue, instructing the people. In the meanwhile, his two sons, both of unusual beauty, and deeply versed in the law. died in his house. His wife took them into her bedroom, laid them on her uupuai ueu, anu coverea mem with a ...:! u-j .. ... lllle cloth. Toward nvrninrr Rahhi Meir, on returning home, asked her : "Where are my sons, tbat I may give lliem the blessing ?-' "They have gone to God's bouse," she nnswored. "1 looked round for them several limes, but I did not see them," said the Rtbbi. Meanwhile the 'wife had brought the liirht and the goblet with wine: he bless- d the light and the wine; and drank from the goblet. Then he asked again: "Where Hre my sons, that they may drink from the consecrated cup ?" "They cannot be far off," answered his wife, and she brought up his supper. When he had finished the meal, and cheerfully said grace, his wife said: "Rabbi, with your permission I will put a question to yoa." "uo, my dear wife," said be. "Some time since, one of our neighbors gave me some iewels to lake car or; now he claims tbem back shall 1 give them up?" "Mow could you put such a question to me? ' exclaimed the Ribbi. "Am I to teach vou the commonest rule of probity 7 Not only must you give the properly back, but you must give it wniingiy anu ciieeriuliy. "I thought so too," she said; and opening the door to the bedroom, she added : "Rabbi, a friend has confided to us two jewels, and he has demanded litem back. Then she took off the cloth that hid the two dead bodies. "My sons! my sons!""cried tho Rabbi; ho wept and wailed. She, turning her head awav, cried bitterly too. But thcn.taking the hand of her husband, she said : "Rabbi, did you not tell me that store willingly, nay, cheerfully. Cheer fully we cannot and the owner will forgnu us but wiilii.gly. Rabbi. Let us both say : 'Blessed l'o tlio name of the Lord ! blessed in- Ho who mveth and lakelh away !' " "ulessed be the name oi the Lord! repeated the Rabbi; "blessed bo He who givelh and takcth away ! Bui bless ed be He sIm lor giving thee to me. O merciful Lo.d J without that gift of Thine to me, without this blessed woman, I should at this hour feel myself alone on earth, and doubting even heav en. But she with one liaad presses mine, and with the other opens the gale that leads into Thy realm, o that 1 behold Thee and my lost ton$. May she be blessed for ever and anon 1 And blessed and praised be Thou, my Father, my King, Ruler of the universe ! Amen !" '" Somebody says a good thing in the following; we have lost the credit: Stern aud bitter has been the disci pline of tho hist two years, none but ihe craven can bi-Iieve that this Union can retire from ihe contest except with renewed strength. Robust aud sinewy with the exorcise she has already put forth, he may remember indeed, in the name of her sublime scars, (he sedition liml has been cowardly whispered to the rebels from behind English and French porthole ! If ever in my life I have thanked God that lam an American it is now, in our hour of national affliction; now, when the honor of the citizen, tho truth of the patriot, and the mijesty of Government, is so signally illustrated. n. rcnooi tor poor cuiiureii ua.mg i i read in their chapter in the Biblj tho denunciations against hypocrites who "strain at a gnaianu nw wu.i, weie afterwards examined by the benevolent patroness Lady , as to their recollections of the chapter. "What, in particular, was the sin of the Pari-sees children ?" said the lady. "Eating camels, ray lady," was the prompt reply. 9A Cowbbd CliAPLAtN.-rrThe P.nirl Presbvierian uives the follow ing curious item, "A correspondent of me ooiuiui rismu w..w- see regiment of the Confederate army lurh has no chanlain: but an old negro. Uncle Lewis,' preaches two or three limes a week at night. Ho is heard with respectful attention ; and for earnestness, zeal and sincerity, can be surpassed by none. Two or three revivals have loitoweo ins preocuiug vB iment." It is staled that the recent death of Ur.rDuffield. the Enclish artist, was caused by bis blood having become completely poisoned by the absorption into his system ot wu ui - game, which ne was constantly panning. A man cannot burrow in his count ing-room for ten or twenty of the best .... nf his lifu. and come out as much r A mu nnd as Hide of a mole as when be went tn. ... ExTBAORDiaiRt Naiks. What odd names some mortals are blessed with ! We heard of a family in Micbieaa whose sons were named severally One Stick-ney, Two Stickney; Three Stickney and whose daughters were named First Sticknney, Second Stickney, and so on. The two elder children of a family in Vermont were named Joseph, and Another; and it has been supposed that, should they have aay more, ihermight liave named them Also, Moreover, Not withstanding, Nevertheless. Another family actually named their child Finis supposing it was tbeir last; bat they afterwards happened to have a daughter aad two sons.whom they called Addenda, Appendix and Supplement. 19 It is difficut in this ago of popular literature to realize as a fact that at so comparatively recent a period in the history of man as the fourteenth century, books were so rare as to be worth their weight in silver. Those born to the enjoyment of wealth rarely reflect on the toils that were involved in its accumulation; aud,while exulting in its si length, this generalion.tbe heir of ail other ages, is apt to forget how largely it is indebted to the exertion of its ancestors for its superiority, and by what slow aud laborious processes of thought the nsefal arts, whereon its prosperity is fouadedjiave been brought to their present perfection. 'John.' said a stingy old hunk to his hired man as be was taking dinner, 'do you know how many pancakes you have eaten?' 'yoJ' 'Well you have eaten fourteen!' 'Well. said John,- 'you count and I will eat.' A boy makes a huge snow-ball to snow bis skill an J perseverance, and as something to wonder at. not tbat he can swallow it as an ice, or warm bis hands at it; and a man accumulates a pile of wealth for pretty much the same reason. If the works are so perfect, how glur: ious must be the Maker of them. I' the beauty of that which he has created is inexpressibly great, infinatejv all creation at a single glance. We do not die wholly at our deaths; wo have mouldered away gradually before. Faculty after faculiy,nttachment after attachment, disappear; tnd death only consigns the last fragment of what we were to the grae. 'W;, neighbor, what is the most Christian news?' said a gentlemen to hi friend 'I have just bought a barrel of flour for a pour woman.' 'Just like you! Who is it that yon hae made happy by your charity this lime?' My wife! A French writer hai said, that "to dream gloriously ,you must acl gloriously while ou are awake, and to bring angels dowu to converse with you in your sleep, you must labor iu the cause of virtue during .the day." 9The odd proposal has been made in England to turn the Great Eastern into a floating hotel, and anchor off Cowes, to make occasional sea excursions. STCiiptain Eli S. Parker, of General G nun's staff.is said to be a full-blooded Indian and a grandson of the celebrated Red Jacket. 3T The soundest argument produces no more conviction in an empty head than the roost superficial decoration; as a feather and a guinea fall widi equal velocity in a vacuum. God's laws aro all immutable, and being executed by Himself are omni present; it is, therefore, the height of folly to expect to escape from them. What is fame ? Tho advantage of votTrseiricnow nulu'intr. and i. a for whom you cara as little. Wisdom consists not in mere knowl edge, but in the right application of the knowledge we may possess It follows that the wisest men are not the most learned, nor the most learned men al ways distinguised for wisdom. J9lt does one good to hear of a well' nreserved old ladv like widow Lunt, of Litchfield, who. the Gardiner Journal says.is eighty-six years old,has all of her teeth sound and good has never worn spectacles, can see to thread her needle by candle light, and is in every way smart and active. Who is the best governor ? He wl.o governs himself- Who is the wisest maa ? He who rightly understands his own ignorance I I S i atPa. how bmbt le baa a ship r A shin has bo legs, my child." Why, pa, the papr says she draws twenty feet.. and tbat she runs before the wind." Refugees from Richmoad pat down Lea's armv as follows: Early's (late E.ell's I corosc. 90.000 iafaatiy and six hatteries: Hill's. 20.000 infantry, five !....: anil fl nflfi raralrr in alt arwint 50 000. They confirm tho death ef the rebel General Posey. mSl Weew aasses eRjmmimBBBBe T3T Shkkf Fobbbb. Dr. Helmee;eftfc Maine Farmer, a most exeeHeat agriettt-tdral paper, thus shows how a -dred sheep may be winter d or the products of two acres of land : W have been? aecased ef iadweiBf farasors u irt rtMoaanr eXBerimswH. We hardly know what meaBwg those who ue the word visionary would mat to it in this connection, nor dp, we eare. We have faith in the folkw:Bg project ol producing fodder enough on two acres of land to winter oae handled sheep. Bui, says Mr. Doubtful, il must be made very rich. Of course il mast. That won't hurt the land In the least. But how. will you do it? Iu the ft'rat place,uakc the land very :rih. Maemre it generously p'ow it thoroughly harrow il fine roll it smoo'h put on the marker and marsrit into rows three fret apart, aBd sew Indiaa corn ia drills. Hoe it twice, aad after the seer.nd hoeing take your seed-sower aud sow between each two rows of corn a row of flat turnip seed. After yotlr corn has spindled, cat it up; let il wilt, thes tie il into bundles aad shock it up ae job do corn-stalk which yoa have cat in the usual way, and let them stand until dry. It would uol be strange if yod had six tons of fodder per acre when ihey were suficieBtly dry to pat into the barn. This will be twelve toae (fiom two acres). Now, to wiater oho hundred sheep.you ought to have tweH-ty toi. of fodder. You ha ve got twelve of them and want eight more, or four tons from each acre. The tanuB ought to produce this amouai. Lei as see. Allowing a bushel of turnips to weigh 60 pounds, in order to have four ious on an acre yon should raise 1,343 J bushels. Will set yoar had produce this amount aftei taking away the Indian corn crop ? A Great JTegleet. There is obc great aegligenc wills-farmers a Beiflecl to keen farm at- yet there is scarcely a branch in life tba requires it more. How can a man kaow what he is doinj. unless he keeps an acciiuut? For instance, in oar auxed farming, bow can a bub kaow whether it is more profitable to raise wheat or corn, turnips or carrots, UBlese he knows the cost of each, as well as the pretM 7 We are apt to look at large Brofite,mther than expeasrs, aud often to oar disadvantage. Why litis neglect ? "Oh, it is so much trouble !" Yes, that ii ih- lazy excuse. Now, ihe woist of it is. to begin. It will soon be easy, aud thea at the end ef the year, when you have got as sceeaat of ever thing, you can at yoar leisure see where the most piotii is, what pays the bet, and thus take advantage the aext yar. Whca the habit is oaee forated, it will be exsy as well as beaefcia.- Valley Farmer. Makvkls or tub WhsUt Plabt. One of the most marvelous faculties ef ihe wheat plant is that of sending op a multitude of stilks from a tiagle grata knovt n us tillering. It is the secret of its gieat produc:iveoess. Many experiments have been made to ascertain the limit of this faculty, and the results have been truly wonJcrful. An English gentlcmsin sowed a few grains of common red wheat on the 2d of June, one of the planus from which bad tillered so much by ihe uih ot August that he divided ii into eighteen others, all of which were plained separately. Ib a few weeks so many of these had again multiplied their stalks, that he bad et out 67 altogether l grow through the llies'e negali'' itife'ring so' mat in Aiarcil and April a new division was made, aad the number of plants increased to five bundled. It was believed that Mother division might bave been audc,aad that it would have increased the number to two thousand. The 600 grew most vi'orously, exceeding plants as ordinarily cultivated. When harvested, a simile plant yielded over lOftears. and the whole uumber of ears r prodaced , was. 21,109, or moro than 40 to each divided plant and the grain measured 2 pecks, weighiBg 47$ poands. The grains were estimated as Bamberiag 576.840. All this was the ptodeet of 'a single grain. Black Wbixmo Ink. Take oae-fourth pouad of copperas; vposd of logwood; pouad powdered aal-gaB; 2 ouaces gum arbte,ad I gaHea set water. Boil the galls till the StieBgtk is out; thea add aad boil tae other ar ticles, strata and bottle for ' Umox Cakk. One cap of butter; t caps of powdered loaf sugar; I cap ef sweet milk; 3 caps of sjfcsd lour; cap of corn starch"; 4" eggs; 2 teesBoeafale of lemoa extraet; tsatssaa of soda; t cream tartar. Ox Marbow PeMAim. Take twe ounces of yellow wax; 10 eaacea la4; 8 ouaces oeei marie ; asenan wgetaer. aad w hen cool, perfnme with the l oil of almonds. -.

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