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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of ROWEBEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. O. 19 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 12. 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY rm New Sewer System WouW 'Benefit Ail Parts of Blytheville (EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series of four articles' explaining in simplified form the rudiments of the proposal for construction and financing of a citywide sewer system for Blytheville. This proposal is scheduled to be submitted to the voters at a special election. In the interests of keeping this review simple, no attempt has been made to discuss the numerous technical details of engineering and financing which would be involved in any solution that might be proposed.) A new citywide sewer system for Blytheville has been proposed at a cost of $1,021,000, based on plans drawn up by Max Mehlburger, consulting engineer of Little Rock. This new system would provide sewers for those sections of Blytheville which do not now have them and improve sewage collection in that part of the city that already has sewer facilities. High Costs Of H-Bombs Are Cited Solons Warn Of Reliance On the Atom WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Russell (D-Ga) said today it would be foolish for Congress to place too much dependence on the hydrogen bomb and unbalance the nation's military strength by cutting funds for conventional weapons. Similar doubts about overstressing the H-bomb were voiced by Sen. Anderson (D-NM) and AFL President George Meany. Russell, senior Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee and a,member of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, said in an interview he is "uneasy" about the Eisenhower administration's proposal to reduce the ground forces. Neither, he said, is he satisfied with the .amount of funds Congress has been asked to make available for the Air Force. But he conceded that scattered Democratic protests against a proposed slash of about five billion dollars in over-all military funds are not likely to be effective. Ike's Prestige Cited He said President Eisenhower's prestige as a military man probably will defeat efforts to change budget figures. Eisenhower has told Congress that the "new look" military program of major reliance on air power and new weapons justifies a reduction in defense outlays. He said that while Army divisions might be reduced, they would be more mobile, harder hitting and more dangerous to an enemy. Meany, however, said yesterday that the "new look" should be altered so as to increase, rather than cut down, the number of U. S. troops in Europe and Asia. Writing in the AFL's monthly magazine, the labor leader said the "new look" itself needs "a most searching look" because "the Democratic countries must spare no effort to strengthen their collective security systems in Europe, in the Near East and in Asia.' Episcopal Priest Here Resigns Effective July 31 The Rev. William J. Fitzhugh announced during services here yesterday morning his resignation as priest in charge of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Blytheville and Calvary Episcopal Church in Osce- He said his resignation is to be effective as of July 31, when he will become rector of St. James Episcopal Church at Magnolia, Ark Ordained in Trinity Cathedral in Little Rock June 18, 1948, the Rev. Mr Fitzhugh came to Blytheville July 1 of that year, ending a three- year period during which the church had not had a priest. A native of Marianna, he is a graduate of the seminary at the University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn. Polio Program To Be Explained To Parents A special program for parents of first, second and third grade children of Lange School will be held at 7:30 p. m. tomorrow at the school. The meeting will be held to inform the parents of the forthcoming polio vaccine program which will get under way in the county late this month. Mrs. W. T. Rainwater will DC principal speaker at tomorrow night'* For both the sewered and un- sewered sections of the city, this new system would provide something Blytheville has never had —a central sewage disposal plant the most vital part of any sewer system. Sewage from the entire city would be routed from the various laterals and mains through trunk lines to this disposal plant. Here, the sewage would be treated by bacteriological processes until all that remains is a harmless liquid called effluent. This would be emptied into a drainage canal. * * * THIS TREATMENT plant, according to the Mehlburger plan, would be located about one-half mile west of the city on the old Pemiscot Bayou. Its function would be similar to the work now done by the old septic tanks in the present system and the smaller septic tanks which most of the homes in the unsewered areas have. However, it would treat sewage not only on a larger scale, but in a far more thorough and efficient manner. The city's present septic tanks have long ceased to function properly and, in their prime, provided only two-stage treatment instead of the three-stage process recommended by health officials and engineers. Coupled with adequate lines, a disposal plant would remove the disease possibility that lies in the present inadequate and overburdened system. It is bad enough that much sewage now runs through storm sewers ("which are meant to handle only water/ but this situation is even more dangerous because the sewage has not been properly treated. * * * AtL OF the sewer lines now in use here would be kept and made a part of the new system. These lines would not have to be replaced, for they are usable. The only problem is that they are overloaded. Some relief mains would be added to help end this overloading. These present laterals dines which collect sewage fronj house service lines) and the new laterals which would be required in areas not now sewered would empty in larg'er trunk sewer lines that would form a loop about the city. These trunk lines into which the eight-inch laterals would' empty would range in size from 12 to 24 inches in diameter in the city. At the point outside the city limits where the trunk lines empty into the disposal plant, the trunk line size would increase to 30 inches. Six lift (pump stations would force sewage through the trunk lines to the west edge of the city. From this, point, the land levels are such that gravity flow would carry the sewage to the treatment plant. * * • CAPACITY OF the treatment plant proposed for Blytheville would be 2,000,000 gallons a day. The city's present water consumption is about 1,000,000 gallons a day, so this plant would provide capacity to take care of growth of the city. Pipe that would be used in this system would be vitrified clay except in one area where asbestos pipe—which is longer and has fewer joints—would be needed to offset the soft, sandy nature of the subsoil. This sewer plan does not include Sewer District Four, which already has new mains and laterals. However, it would help this district as much as it would the rest of the city by providing means of d) removing the collected sewage from that area and (2) treating it at the disposal plant. (Tomorrow: Costs and Financing) Inside Today's Courier News . . . Cardinal Fans Angry Over Swap of Famous "Warhors*" Slaughter . . . Game and Fish News . . . Sports . . . pages 10 .and 11. . . . . . The McCarthy Story—fr . . . Wisconsin Senator Receives Never-Ending Supply of Information and Tips from Many Sources . . . page 14. . . . . . Surplus of New Cars Causes Black Market in Reverse . . . page 7. . . . . . Lower Price Supports Will Benefit Everyone in the Long Run . . . Editorial . . Dulles Urges Britain To Join in Warning Aimed at Red China By SEYMOUR TOPPING LONDON (AP) — Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, seeking to patch up a Big Three rift over southeast Asian policy, urged Britain today to join in an early Western warning intended to head off Communist seizure of Indochina. Informats said Dulles told British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden the Western Allies must show a united front on Asian affairs at the Geneva conference and bargain from strength. Both Indochina and Korea are up for negotiation at Geneva beginning April 26. Srwi<»t TJussia anH TJprl f.hina will h£ sii.t.inP in. TOP VOTERS IN MOSCOW — Premier Georgi Malenkov and his wife, who was making one of her rare public appearances, visit a Moscow polling place to cast their votes during last month's Soviet election. Malenkov was unopposed candidate from the Leningrad district of the Russian capita] for the Supreme Soviet, the U.S.S.R.'s parliament. (AP \Virephoto) Proposal to Outlaw U.S. Reds WASHINGTON (AP) — Attorney General Brownell today strongly opposed legislative proposals' to out law the Communist party in this country. He said such action would hinder rather than help the drive against Communism. The attorney general told a House Judiciary subcommittee that any law making it a crime, of itself, to join the party, would send the movement entirely underground and "increase the already difficult investigatory job of the FBI." In addition, he asserted that such a law would raise constitutional questions which would certainly be tested at great length i in the courts, thus interfering with ' the numerous actions now being taken to curb communism by bringing the organization and its members into the full light of publicity. 10 Suggestions In lieu of outlawing the party, the attorney general offered the subcommittee 10 suggestions of his own for tightening the laws relating to subversion. Some of these he had proposed as long ago as last year. He detailed all of them in a telecast last Friday night designed to reassure the country that although Communists are in our midst, much has been done and is beins done to nullify their movement. • The attorney general then said the FBI. 5 Justice Department Soviet Russia and Red China will be sitting in. Dulles nnd Eden, who met at the British Foreign Office, appeared to be searching for a compromise on the timing- of the Washington proposal for n warning to Red China to keep hands off southeast Asia. Paris nnd London want to postpone nny gesture which could be interpreted .ns n strong arm move, fen ring it. would narrow the ulreody slim chances of negotiating an Indochina settlement at Geneva. Dulles is striving to gft .tjritisn VI^\^A^^W UVLCH HIWULCJUVJU.'** i-vi.***^ \j*. ***** *^^ mi**^ ^A*.*^*..**^ v^. backing for a pre-Geneva deciara- tween 21 and 25 to fight the Communist-dominated Vietminh (ion before he flies to Pnris to- re ^ e ] s morrow to persuade the even more M ^ ntr fftr thp fil . st . Mmft sinrp The Viet Nam Orders Total Mobilization SAIGON. Indochina (AP) — Viet Nam's new war Cabinet decreed total mobilization today of all its male citizens be- Father W/io Refused To Spy Gets Sons Back By TOM STONE FRANKFURT, Germany (AP) — Communist Romania today freed the two young sons of Valeriu C. Georgescu. a Romanian-born American who had refused to be blackmailed into spying to win their release. Misty-eyed, the father and sons i legation first secretary of the Ro- were reunited in West Germany, j manian delegation, tried to subvert It was the first time Georgescu j Georgescu into spying for the Corn- had seen the boys since 1947— j munists. when he and his wife left Buchar- ( "The price est on a two-month visit to the United States. "As a representative of American capital (he was president of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey in Romania ) they wouldn't let me come back," he said, "and refused to let our sons join us." The boys are Constantin, now- 19, and Peter 15, who smiled as they talked with their father. Mrs. Georgescu remained in New York. State Department Helped j "I hardly recognized them," Georgescu said, "They have grown so much." He said the boys were allowed to leave Romania because of the help of the U. S. State Department. He said he would rather not divulge details. "All I want to say," he said, "is that we're most grateful to those who helped us." The State Department said last May 26 that Christache Zambeti, I English. for this collaboration," the State Department said. "was to be the welfare" of the two sons. But Georgescu refused. After Zambeti's visit, Georgescu reported the incident to the State Department, which forced the recall of the Romanian diplomat. Zam- beti left, complaining he had been framed. Don't Speak English Georgescu said here he did not know until two weeks ago that his sons would be permitted to leave Romania. He flew to Munich, where he met them earlier today when they arrived by plane from Vienna. "I haven't even had a chance yet to talk to them much." he said, putting his arms around the shoulders of the two boys, both of whom are now taller than he is. Neither of the boys can speak Questions on Polb Vaccine Answered Many parents of first, second and third grade children in Mississippi County soon will be asked to sign statements giving their permission for the children to take the Salk polio vaccine. Naturally, these parents will have many questions concerning this mass vaccine program. Here are answers to approximately 45 of the questions asked most frequently by parents: What is the trial polio vaccine? A watery solution containing killed polio virus which it is hoped will stimulate the body to produce adequate antibodies in the blood to protect against paralytic polio. Who will receive it? When? Between 500,000 and 1,000,000 school children in selected communities of the nation beginning in late March or early April 1954 and finishing befre the annual seasonal rise in season. In some states, including ours, only second grade school children will receive the trial vaccine, with first and third grade pupils serving as statistical controls, j Why were school children in the first, second and third grades picked? Because they are in an age group consdered to be'most susceptible to polio. Will any other children receive the trial vaccine? No. It is available only for investigational use on a "controlled" basis. What is meant by "controls" in the vaccine trials? Children who will not receive the trial vaccine but whose "health his- tories will be carefully kept for comparison with those who do receive it. "Controls" are needed to test scientifically how effective the vaccine is in preventing paralytic See POLIO on Page 2 Burglars Enter Residence Here A woman's billfold and a wrist watch was taken from the W. C. Higginson home at 1303 Chickasawba Saturday night wnile Mr and Mrs. Higginson were visiting friends, according to Chief of Police John Poster. Entrance was gained through a door, Mr. Higginson said. When they returned and found one of the side doors open they began a search to determine if anything was missing. City police wore notified of the incident, and an investigation being made. is nnd the courts are doing a good job in dealing with the Bed menace at home. But he declared new laws are needed "to destroy by legal, orderly processes the Communist party in this country." He proposed to do away with Communist control "of any industrial organization or labor union" in vital sections of the nation's economy. 2. Impose the death penalty for peacetime spying- as well as wartime, and erase the statute of limitations which now bans prosecution I for espionage after a certain num- ! be.r of years. | 3. Take away the citizenship of | any person found guilty of advo- I eating violent overthrow of the ' government. Success in Doubt While both Republican. 5 ! and Democrats in Congress applauded the general objectives in Brownell's report, it remained far from , clear whether his requests for leg- j islation would win passage in the form he wants—or whether they would get any action at. all. This week the House has a leisurely, pre-Easter timetable: No voting Tuesday because primaries are scheduled that day in Illinois. An agriculture appropriations bill comes up for debate today, but is not expexted to go to a roll call vote before Wednesday. Friday the congressmen take off on a 10-day Easter recess. The official Senate calendar is more crowded, but recesses slated j Tuesday and Thursday will slow the tempo. And today, the Senate undoubtedly will recess without transacting any business, out of , respect to Sen. Griswold iR-Neb;, who died early today. A lease-purchase bill which would permit the government to contract with private firms to build structures for it is first up for Senate action Wednesday. Next on the schedule is a bill designed to help the domestic wool industry through payments to growers to help offset lower imports. Check Artist, Freed Friday, Bock in Jail Billy W. Piuman was back in jail this morning after being arrested Saturday afternoon by City Police 'for trying to cash a forged check, according to Sheriff William Berryman. Pittman was released Friday after receiving a three-year suspended sentence on a charge of- forgery and uitering in Circuit Court. He was arrested after he tried to cash a 340 check, to which he had signed a ficticious name, at a store on Main Street. The store checked on the check before cashing it and the police were called when it was found that the check was no good. It is-sup to the judge to decide what to do with him now as he has had a suspended sentence, the sheriff said. Pre-Scf»oo/ Clinic To Be Held Here All pre-school children who expect to enroll in Sudbury Elementary School next September should be on hand at Mississippi County Health Unit Wednesday for a preschool clinic. Mrs. W. R. Summerville. Sudbury PTA health chairman, announced plans for the clinic today. Dr. J. E. Beasley and Dr. Orlie Parker will be in charge of the rllnic which is to get started at 2 p .m. reluctant French. Official sources said Dulles feels a common declaration right now will help the French to maintain a firm position at Geneva against any compromise that mUsht eventually lose Indochina- to the Reds. French Less Uneasy The French and British are ready to join in warning: the Pei- ping regime against aggression in Indochina and to help sponsor a new southeast Asia defense organization—but only if the Communists spurn a negotiated settlement at Geneva. Across the English channel, the French press manifested a little less uneasiness today than previously over the Dulles proposals, The' independent. Paris newspaper Le Figaro said "We should not refuse to join a common declaration provided it does not take the form of an ultimatum." The Socinlis tLe Populate, evidently referring to a statement by Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) that the United States could delay financial aid to nations which did not follow Dulles' proposals, said: "The menacing gestures of certain particularly influential American politicians makes a conversation between government'; indispensable. To speak of reprisals of such and such a nature between allies shows a lack of mutual friendship. A good mutual understanding can not exist if one ally tries to impose its views on another. M. Dulles appears to under- The American secretary puts his arguments directly to Churchill tonight, when he dines with the Prime Minister at No. 10 Downing St. Meeting for the first time since its creation Saturday by chief of state Bao Dai. Premier Prince Bun Loc nnd his two Cabinet ministers ordered the call-up by May 15. It was not. immediately announced how many of the 13 to 15 million Vietnamese in the French-defended zones would be affected by the order. It was the first time in the exhausting seven-year Indochina war that Viet Nam had called its young men in bulk into the armed forces. Previously the Vietnamese were drafted individually, evasions were numerous and the French force of French, North Africans and Foreign Legionnaires has carried the brunt of the attack. Service Continued The mobilization followed a government, decree Saturday Incorporating into Viet, Nam's 300.000-man national army the 32.000 tough fighting men who formerly paid allegiance to the Cao Dal and Hoa Hao religious sects and the Bink Xuyen party. Labor Opposition Mounts Britain's opposition Labor party, meanwhile, stepped up demands that Churchill tell Dulles not "a single British man or gun" would be used in Indochina. Across the Channel in Paris, where Dulles flies tomorrow to urge his view on Premier Joseph Laniel and Fore ign Minister Georges Bidault, the French Cabinet was reported fearful that strong public words to the Reds now would doom in advance any chance of negotiating an Indochinese peace in Geneva. That also is the British government's view. Dulles Hew here yesterday from See DULLES on Page 6 Leachville Men Hurt in Wreck Two Cars Collide North of State ine TFACHVILLE - Several Leach-1 subcommittee while it probes the ville men were injured, apparently j charges he and his chief counsel VU1C lii^ii -~ J . T-,-.. -Mt (-i^l-i-, Vimra ov^hcinfloH Wlfh Senators Plan TV Inquiry WASHINGTON (/?)—Senate investigations subcommittee members set out today with their special counsel. Ray H. Jenkins, to draw- up plans for their public, televised hearings on the McCarthy-Army' row. Sen. Munrit (R-SD), the acting chairman, asked members to meet In his office to confer with Jenkins about the selection of additional special staff employes nnd to start disc.us.sing the scope of the inquiry and the ground rules for the hearings. Jenkins, a Kepubiican trial lawyer from Knoxville. Tenn., advised the subcommittee in advance that he had another Tennessee lawyer in mind whom he would like to have as his top assistant. Th Memphis Commercial-Appeal said it had learned from informed sources that Jenkins' top assistant would be Thomas R. Prewitt, 31, a Memphis attorney and a Democrat. Altogether, Mundt said a special staff of seven or eight persons probably Will be selected to handle the probe. Hearings are slated to start, April 22, and Mundt predicted they are likely to run for 10 days, with morning and afternoon sessions each day. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) has 'stepped aside as chairman of the Cabinet — Acting Defense Minister Le Thang and Gen. Nguyen Van Hlnh—chief of the general staff are the other members—the Cabinet also froze approximately 100.000 Vietnamese volunteers now on active duty with the young nation's armed forces. They were ordered to continue serving until further orders. The Cabinet lifted most of the exemptions from military service "in order to carry out the principle of equal and universal military duty for each citizen." Court-martial boards were ordered set up to deal with draft dodgers and deserters. All citizens subject to 'military . service were forbidden to leave the country. Meanwhile, the French high command In Hanoi reported its troops at besieged Dien Bien Phu were waging a furious, bayonet- charge counterattack on thousands of rebels trying to smash into the fortress from the east and southeast. The immediate objective of the rampaging Vietminh assault appeared again to be a 1,200-f cot-high hill overloolcing the French fortress and only five eights of a mile from its center. The French seized the strategic height from the rebels in a surprise offensive -Saturday and held it against four earlier big Vietminh attacks. The Vietminh. armed with sub- machineguns, rifles, pistols, grenades arrl plastic containers of high explosives, charged up the Jungle- covered hill into the heavy fire of French troops firmly holding a long series of winding trenches. As the Vietminh came within close range, the French Union defenders went "over the top" to fight them off with bayonets and hand grenades. none seriously, at about 6 p.m. yesterday when two cars collided one mile north of the Arkansas- Missouri state line on Missouri Highway 108. Injured were two brothers, Virgil E. and Hershel G. Johnson, well- known Leachville farmers. According to Deputy Sheriff Floyd Burris. the riymouth being driven by Virgil Johnson was headed south, the Johnsons having been on their way home from Paragould. Deputy Burris. who did not investigate the accident, said a car driven by Lando Rogers of near Leachville apparently was heading ] north and made a sudden left turn j in front of the Johnson car and was subsequently hit by it. Mr. Rogers was taken to the T. N. Rodman clinic, sent to Memphis for further examination, but was returned home. He had a severe cut on the right side of his face, Deputy Burris stated. Virgil Johnson has cuts on his right knee, which required about 12 stitches, a 10-stitch laceration on his head and a sore chest. , Five stitches were taken in the I face of Hershell Johnson, who also has a sore neck. Other passengers in the Johnson car apparently escaped with only minor injuries. They were John A. Johnson,'11 year old son of Virgil Johnson, Peter Bryant, 18. Ray Kirkland, 17, and Jimmy Bridges. Botb Virgil and Hershell Johnson remained in Rodman's Clinic this morning but were expected to be dismissed sometime today. Roy M. Cohn, have exchanged with Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens and Army counselor John G. Adams. Youth Killed While Playing With Pistol DELL—A 14-yearo-ld Negro boy died last night after being accident- ly shot by his 17-year-old brother while playing with a pistol at their home on the Woodward Farm north of here, according to information from the sheriff's office. Johnny B. Dukes, son of Willie Dukes, died minutes after being shot by a .32 caliber revolver held by his brother, Clarence. The boys opened the chamber of the pistol and emptied it of several shells and then proceeded to play with it. Charlie Short, deputy sheriff said. After the trigger was pulled several times, the pistol fired and the slug hit Johnny in the abdomen, he said. The body was taken to Caston Funeral home here. Services will be conducted Sunday. Other arrangements were incomplete this morning. Paving District Is Sought Here Petitions to form a paving improvement district in new residential areas in north Blytheville are being circulated. The proposed district would pave Rollison. Hardin, Pecan and Adams streets between Highway 61 and Tenth. It would also provide for paving of Seventh and Ninth streets between the above east-west streets. Nominated as commissioners of the proposed district are Elmer Norman, F. E. Scott and Bob Bennett. If property owners of two- thirds of the assessed evaluation of the property in the district sign the petitions, the group may seek City Council approval of establishing the district. Fined $100 for DWI Robert E. Hope was fined $100 and cost and sentenced to 24 hours in jail in Munictpal Court this morning on a charge of driving while tntoxcated. Vanscayk Grain Produce Co., and Texas Meat and Provision Co., both forfeited $125 bonds on charges of hauling for hire without permit. City Council must ratify election "of the commissioners and pass enabling ordinances prior to organization of the district. Weather ARKANSAS—Mostly cloudy thi» afternoon, tonight and Tuesday with scattered showers and thundershowers mostly south; no important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Fair north, partly cloudy south this afternoon; partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday^ a. little warmer north and west-central tonight and over the state Tuesday. Maximum Saturday—70. Minimum Saturday—59. Maximum yesterday—70. Minimum this morning—4ft. Sunset today—6:30. Sunrise tomorrow—5:31. Mean temperature i midway t>etw««Si gh and low—59.5. Precipitation last 48 bourt to 7:0t a.m. today—1.12. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dat*—1I.U. This Date Last Tt*f Maximum yesterday—44. Minimum yesterday—4ft. Precipitation January 1 t» «**•— 17.5*.