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r" • Pi P 1 • V Home Paper oi! j w Communities Showers Tonight Tliuftfletstontia Tamorrow A Better Nmtpapev VOLUME LXXXII 138 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 »— TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS \ floating Minstrels Members of the Otrabanda Company, a theatrical group from Yellow Springs, Ohio, Oreoare to set out from St. Louis, above, on New Orleans. The performers plan to put on ns along the way and, should Orleans in September. down Ch ief uggi ng itnesses Given Partial Immunity WASHINGTON (U P1) Buoyed by a federal judge's decision clearing the way for televised testimony by key witnesses, Senate investigators today plung,ed into the crucial phase of public Watergate hearings —appearances by the men closest to Richard M. Nixon and his 1972 campaign. The fourth week of hearings began half an hour after Chief U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica refused to television blackout- order a as urged by Special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox —of potentially explosive testimony by John W. Dean III and Jeb Stuart Magruder. Sirica said the court completely any intervention* * in probe. , He then signed 'lacks of WASHINGTON (UP I) President Nixon probably will go on nationwide television Wednesday night to announce some new economic controls designed to cool boiling inflation, administration sources said today. The sources said Nixon is expected to turn to mandatory, selective controls rather than a sweeping across-the-board freeze on prices, wages, interest rates and dividends. However, the sources said the program the President s devising in the face of steadily increasing prices is expected to go beyond wage-price stabilization. There had been some speculation that one of the devices Nixon might use to combat inflation —and at the sams time to reduce the heavy drain on the nation's short gasoline supplies —was a 4-cent a gallon increase in the federal gasoline tax. It appeared likely that ould take the opportunity solicit the oninions of the legislative opinions leaders economy. Leader Mike •Senate on Democratic Mansfield has urged quick Senate action < 90-day wage-price freeze uri Nixon moves speedily. The President met with ing both Magruder, who was deputy Nixon campaign manager, and Dean, fired as White House counsel April 30, partial I doubtful the President will ask immunity from prosecution for their testmonv before the The sources said it is now ^ubtful the President will ask for the gasoline hike on grounds testmony before the it would be "tremendously seven-member Senate unpopular" with consumers and later power the Senate specal Watergate panel. Expected to testify today was the first high-level Nixon lieutenant to be called, former Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans, top-level advisors economic Monday in a followup to the extraordinary meeting the experts held Saturday at the White House to discuss tightening controls. r It was understood, that the presidential advisors are shying away from a freeze on grounds that it would only create more problems. Although usually at odds advisor John Treasury Shultz they are presidential Conn ally and Secretary George to have Truce Talks Resume more stability He are reported resolved their differences and agreed on a set of recommendations that fall short of freeze. Food Prices The main concern is rising food prices and Nixon was expected to move on this front. He apparently outlined his options to members of the •Management Advisory Commit tee of the Cost Council at a two-hour, meeting Monday. But he pledged bers to secrecy. "It was a privileged discussion, 1 ' said was quoted as | United would be particularly unfair to low-income groups. Pushed though !he is, Nixon apparently is determined to sound out a variety of views on a wide range o£ possibilities t( to the PARIS (UPI) Reports j French officials readied the from.Saigon said today Henry A. Kissinger "and Le Due Tho had reached a realistic new draft agreement that would bring a halt to the fighting in Vietnam 24 hours after the new accord is signed. Center Readied Kissinger returned to Paris for today from more talks Wasfhington with Tho while Klebeir Avenue, conference center for the possible signing of an agreement on the Vietnam truce. The reports from Saigon said that the draft . agreement provided for: application of a realistic cease-fire 24 hours after signature of the new accord. •Rigorous On-the-ground contacts be- •i tween military commanders Qf j i the ~>two sides (South Viet- — F namese and Viet Cong) in the contested zones starting 48 hours after the signing. —Resumption of talks between Hanoi and Washington about U.S. economic aid to North Vietnam, four days after the signing. bring economy, telling his Cabinet last week that he feels he has three options: To do nothing, to impose a freeze or to im selective controls. Nixon swnpioned congressional leaders of both parties an 11 a. m. EDT meeting today ostensibly to discuss foreign policy, including new moves to salvage the Vietnam cease-fire agreement and the forthcoming state visit of Soviet Communist Leonid nev. Leonard Woodcock. AFL-CIO President George Meany ducked reporters by slipping 3ut a door at the White House. The othemsaid "no comment." In other developments, Nixon dispatched Henry A, Kissinger back to Paris Monday night with confidence that he will be able to wrap up a agreement on enforcing Vietnam cease - fire when he resumes talk with Hanoi's Le Due Paris. Camera Sweeps HOUSTON (UPI) beamed Skylab's back the astronauts beamed DacK a television view of the north central and eastern states today, spotted pollution flowing into Lake Erie and surveyed the urban sprawl of Pittsburgh and the Washington-Baltimore area. Capitalizing on the "big picture" vantage point of a platform in space, Charles "Pete" Conrad, Joseph P. Kenwin and Paul J. Weitz began their 27-minute, 7,800- mile picture-taking sweep over South Dakota and ended it over the Atlantic Ocean. Clouds and a morning haze interfered with the television view as seen in control center, but tronauts said their mission the as- battery of cameras should have gathered good data for scientists trying to see how well earth's resources can be surveyed from space. Comprehensive and repetitive surveys of specific areas by spacecraft are expected to help man cope with developing global problems such as mineral shortages, pollution, energy needs, food shortages and the expanding patterns of urban development and their effect on the environment. The 272-mile-high astronauts, beginning their 19th day in saw the Great Lakes and space, clearly and Weitz reported sighting pollution flowing into Lake Erie between Detroit and Cleveland. Washington Obscured As Skylab moved eastward at 17,100 miles an hour, the pilots said the view of Washington was obscured by haze and high clouds. "I couldn't find Washington," said Weitz. "It was right under a cloud laver. It frustrating. layer, it was very I could see the (Potomac) river, but I just couldn't see Washington," Their cameras, however, picked up Chesapeake Bay east of Washington and then Skylab moved out over the Atlantic and out of range of tracking stations. Several investigators were interested in pictures of Pittsburgh and the Washington- Baltimore area to improve land use maps, monitor changes in growth since the 1970 census and survey the environmental changes caused by urban development. Scientists also were interested in using the space pictures to study such things as mineral resources in Pennsylvania, waterfowl habitats in Minnesota and weather patterns across new the rapidly water the central and eastern United States. Conrad, Kcrwin swept past the world's second longest space endurance mark 17 days and 17 hours a.m. EDT and headed with no apparent obstacle toward a record 28-day flight. The current 24-day record was set by three Soyuz 11 cosmonauts two years ago, but they died in a depressurization accident as they prepared to return to earth. The longest successful flight, of nearly 18 days, was recorded by two Soyuz 9 pilots a year earlier. Syphilis Study 1 as Unjustified WASHINGTON advisory panel (UPI) — An described as Cambodian Military Accuses J Communists of Gas Warfare PIINOM PENH (UPI) Cambodian military authorities said today that Communists used "toxic gas" in three days of fighting outside Phnom Penh that killed four government soldiers and disabled 75 others. unjustified" today a government study begun in 1932 Alabama blacks to longterm effects of syphilis in men. They received no treatment and at least 28 apparently died as a direct result of the disease. The nine-member panel's County, Ala., was ethically unjustified in 1932. This judgment ... is made with the advantage of hindsight acutely sharpened over some 40 years, concerning an activity in a different age with different social standards." —•'That penicillin therapy should have been made availa* bio to the participants in this of 1933 Totung on Highway 4. A U.S. Embassy spokesman report, submitted to Congress)study, especially as said the embassy could not with its chairman among those confirm or deny if "toxic" gas refusing to endorse the majority conclusions, said there still j penicillin, federal program to, generally Ithe was ascd on Highway 4. Military authorities also said North Vietnamese forces as- North whe . ally available. Withholding of after it became available, amplified which this signed to the 1st injustice to of human beings had JS no lcuerai program protect .such research subjects. Medical reports on the study!group command called theiVietname.se Division had en-iby the Public Health Service!already been subjected." tered the Highway 4 action, j indicate that besides 28 of the! —"... No uniform federal now in its second week and (rural blacks from the Tus- 1 policy exists for the protection audible almost every night jkegee, Ala., area who died,of subjects in government- from the capital. ifrom untreated syphilis, others!sponsored research ... The In other war action, heavy!suffered severe damage to the-federal government's failure to bombina and the sounds of j central nervous system, heart; develop a uniform policy has been detrimental to the welfare Cambodian Food Shortage Cambodians Cent access from a storekeep- i. With most of the Communist forces. short In a special statement, the military use of gas *'another flagrant violation of International conventions." But field reports said some of the gassing could have been caused accidentally by rounds of white phosphorous, which is!fighting were clearly audible all'trouble and other side effects. 'night Monday from the south j The Tuskegee Syphilis Studyjof research projects, and southwest areas around 1 Ad Hoc Advisory Panel recom-| One member of tho Highways 2, 3 and 4. :mended that a permanent;issued a concurring statement The high command reported National Human Investigation: which said, however, tho report 29 Communists killed in a raid Hoard be established withjdid not go far enough. Dr. one mile wast of Ang Snoul, I authority to regulate all feder-IKatz, professor of law WW about 16 miles southwest of the ! ally supported research involv-jpsychiatry at Yale Law School, | argued that the participant conclu- were "exploited, Manipulated land deceived" and that the used by mortar and artillery of both sides and crews spotter targets. These by planes for marking reports said officers along Highway 4, where the gas was allegedly used, have issued some of their troops with gas masks. panel The command said the gas capital, while field reports said;ing human subjects. the report's nmen Among finally get through, markets are jammed with aiixious customers. UN1FAX casualties reported Highway 2, at points 11, 12 and'sions: hnom i were 9 and 11 in the area |all came under Ang Snoul and Thnailroeket fire Monday night.!the No uniform federal!medical profession largely has mortar andStudy of Untreated Syphilis iniignored tho study's implies Male Negro in Macon! Hons.