Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 13, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, September 13, 1963
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-1 n 6 Get Ready to Duckl Ending By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - First tests on how much Soviet Russia may have changed its tactics if not its strategy for the cold war will bo shown at the 18th. United Nations General Assembly convening in New York Sept. 17. Assistant Secretary of State Harlan Cleveland, in charge of international organization affairs, sees a few straws in the winds of change. This may be an indication that the Kremlin finally has realized that the underdeveloped countries, the United States and the rest of the non-Communist world find much good in the U.N. and see a future for it in a world of peace. Up to a year ago, the Russians about the opposed everything United Nations. When former Ham- Secretary General Dag marskjold was killed in a Congo plane crash, the Russians expressed condolences for the man, but had no good word for his office. Grumpily, they accepted U Thant as his successor. WHAT THE Russians really wanted was their "troika" principle of neutral, non-Communist and Communist administration in the U.N. to be substituted for a one*man secretary, generalship. They wanted three undersecretaries in control of every U.N. agency, giving the Communists veto power over all programs. When only a few non-Communist countries supported the Communist bloc on this reorganization plan, the Russians abandoned it. But they still opposed U.N. peacekeeping efforts in the Congo and elsewhere, and they boycotted all such operations financially. In recent months, however, the Russians have chanced their verify removal of Russian missiles from Cuba. It was Cuba's Fidel Castro who blocked that. The Russians thanked U Thant for his services, however. And for the past year they have refrained from criticizing h i m. They invited him to Moscow for the test ban treaty signing. WHEN Council lier this year the Russians did not follow their previous * standard operating practice of vetoing what was essentially another U.N. peace-keeping operation. Change of policy may not have been the deciding factor in this case, though. Maybe it was just that the U.N. mission to Yemen was financed by the United Arab Republic and Saudi Arabia. It didn't cost the Russians a ruble. In the more recent Security Council consideration of South frained from their usual practice of beating the United States over the head for its racial problems. Such an attack has been anticipated. Text for a speech had been prepared to answer the Russians if they should raise the issue. It never had to be delivered. Chief Soviet delegate Nikolai T. Fedorenko didn't mention the United States even once during debate on charges of other African nations against South Africa. One reason for this may have been that the Russians did not want to antagonize the United States while the nuclear test ban treaty was before the Senate for ratification. A more valid explanation given is that the Russians themselves are now concerned about the world-wide nature of the racial issue. This has been stirred up by the Chinese Communists. In their dis- putc with the Russians, the Red changed tune. Russia's Chairman Nikita Khrushchev proposed that U African apartheid policies, it was Chinese have tried to propagan- Thant and the U.N. organization ed people, too, and that the future struggle for World domination will be the colored races against the whites—including the Russians. WASHINGTON OFFICIALS who keep a close watch on United Nations affairs are not deceiving themselves that these warm Russian gestures of friendship indi* cate a thaw in the cold war. The big iceberg of Communist opposition is still there. It probably will show through the fog when the $96.6 million U.N. budget for 1964 is presented to the General Assembly for approval* The special session last spring arranged for financing U.N. operations only through Dec. 31, 1963. •The $200 million in arrearages and the possible suspension of voting rights for some members presages a long and bitter battle. Also, the old controversies are still on the agenda—Laos. Cuba. noteworthy that the Russians re- dize the idea that they are color- the Congo, Korea. Idler 9 Rep rt Pu ts lame n A ngo I ns • t Education's New Tool Following what may be a national trend, in the words of one president, "opportunity a number of communities are opening new where opportunity did not exist before for two-year colleges this month. These colleges range from a rural town in many deserving young people." What is a junior college? Essentially, it New York to a sparsely populated county in performs two functions: it trains students for Upper Michigan to the metropolitan centers of semi-professional and technical jobs in two St. Louis and Cleveland. A new school is opening its doors in the resort area of the Virgin Islands. Appropriately, one of its courses is in hotel management. All told, some 20 new public-supported counseling. years or less, and it prepares others for transfer to four-year institutions. Other characteristics common to the new colleges are low costs, close relationship with their communities and strong emphasis on By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN SOME TIME in October the Secretary General of the UN, U Thant, is scheduled to report back to the Security Council on the subject of Portuguese willingness to start decolonization proceedings in Angola and other Portuguese African territories. Inasmuch as the Salazar government in Lisbon has announced that any reforms in Angola will be undertaken within the framework of the "greater Portugal" that includes all the Portuguese overseas territories, it is a foregone conclusion that U Thant can hardly write anything that will please his Security Council majority. What gets Mo the report, however, could serve to mollify or inflame the Security Council, depending on its tone. At the moment there is a mimeographed petition kicking around the UN that attributes all manner of atrocities to the Portu­ guese in Angola. It is signed by Dr, F. Ian Gilchrist, the son of a Canadian medical missionary to Angola. There is also a report made to the United Nations' Angolan investigating committee by Brig. Gen. Frank Howley, the former commander of U.S. troops in Berlin who is now a New York University vice president, detailing the substance of his own investigatory trip into the Angolan back country. . THE COMMITTEE, says Gen. Howley, was "tolerant of my views, but I didn't seem to be able to make much impression on them," What annoyed the general was a suggestion, dropped by certain committee members, that he must have gotten his ideas about Angola from "something which the Portuguese had told me." Since the committee itself had been refused admission into Angola, and since the general ran his own investigation in Angola on the spot, the innuendo of second - handedness seemed a trifle gratuitous. Moreover, the suggestion that the general is not to be trusted because Lisbon facilitated his trip struck a blunt soldier as an affront to his ability to use his own eyes and ears without prejudice to the truth. Gen. Howley had not seen the allegations of Dr. Gilchrist at the time when he was making his own report to the UN.. But, having read them recently, he says, with his usual bluntness, that "the activities described simply do not exist." In his refutation of the Gilchrist petition the general reports: "I went with the troops where the atrocities were being committed not by the Portuguese but by the so-called Rebels. I have about eighteen pages of documentation dealing with that March night when over 1,400 Portuguese were killed and chopped up. At that time we, in the States, thought they were Portuguese soldiers and police. There were no soldiers or police at the murder scene; they were children and coffee Some of them black, some white and mulattoes ... I women, farmers. were some picked up broken guns and clubs in the surrounded town of Mucaba, which was still surrounded when I flew in there. Some of the men who were there the night of the big raid practically eliminated the town except for the church in which about thirty-two survived. The villagers told me exactly what the mob, who directed this, had been shouting. Some of the clubs I picked up had 'UPA* written on them, which is Holden Roberto's group. The crowd was yelling things like 'UFA, UFA, Lumumba, Lumumba . . "MY CONCLUSION was that the Portuguese, instead of being cruel to the natives, were really doing the best job to help the masses by bringing them into a modern society. They seemed to have a much more tolerant view of the color question than even Brazil." What U Thant is called upon to do in his October report is to pronounce judgment on Portuguese willingness to "implement" a UN Security Council resolution calling for decoloniza­ tion in Angola. He is, in essence, charged with reporting on the disposal of a prejudged case.. But the tone of his report could have its effect on life and death in Africa. If the Secretary General does not carefully balance the opposing documents of a Dr- Gilchrist and a Gen. Howley, the terrorists now being trained by Holden Roberto on Congo territory might take it as carte blanche to run wild. Copyright 1963 4 1 Rocky's Illinois Experience Not Reassuring By FULTON LEWIS JR. town of less than 4,000 per- moved to cut all ties with Rocke- in upstate Erie County last week. tive. He will, in fact, address junior colleges are starting their first terms The growth in junior colleges is an en- WASHINGTON A carefully- 150 to 2,000 couraging response to increasingly heavy pres- fulltime students. sure on traditional four-year colleges and uni- What the junior colleges are offering is, vers! ties. Lives of Usefulness Department of Agriculture has come up should last 11 years; electric sewing ma- conceived political stratagem has boomeranged and Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller finds himself on the outside looking in. The stratagem: Tie Barry Goldwater to the Radical Right. For months the New York governor has hammered away at Goldwater and his conservative backers, with some longevity figures for household ap- chines, 24 years; vacuum cleaners, 15 to 18 AS A RESULT, Rocky has thor- pliances which will interest many people—and years; toasters, 15 years; refrigerators, 16 oughly antagonized party pros who see him as a divisive element and a positive threat to GOP unity. When Rockefeller journeyed west to Ogle'County, 111., last week, he saw at first hand the » fruits of his labor. Not a single GOP leader was on hand as Rockefeller addressed The two-month, nation-wide talking tour He says, "I don't think anyone in this party the Ogle County Fair at Oregon, Sen. Barry Goldwater (R Ariz.) is engaged in knows more Republicans than I do." probably make some of them mad and others years; and television sets, 11 years, feel superior. By that time, most of them should be paid With normal use, washing machines for. The Goldwater Campaign sons. Rep. John Anderson, who represents the area in Washington, refused to show up. So did Everett McKinley Dirksen, GOP Senate Minority Leader. Three candidates for Illinois' GOP gubernatorial nomination also declined to meet with Rocky. That Hayes Robertson, a conservative, and Charles Carpentier, a moderate, turned down bids, was not surprising. Political eyebrows were raised, however, when Charles Percy, for a long time thought a Rockefeller partisan, refused to appear. In recent months Percy has tried to appeal more and more to the Party's regulars. He says Goldwater would make the strongest Illinois race of any GOP nominee. He has can hardly be viewed as other than a Presi- The senator is in the process of adding dential nomination-seeking campaign. Inas- to that asset in criss-crossing the nation to THE MAILBOX much as part of the American political mys- make speeches. His journeys will take him ^aainst Cynicism tique is that it's unwise to admit candidacy into Ohio, Illinois, Oklahoma, California, New too early (in this regard Nelson Rockefeller Jersey, New York, then back to California, and that perennial candidate, Harold E. Stas-. Pennsylvania, Oregon, Texas, Massachusetts, sen, must be considered sports, in the bio- and then back to New York. logical sense), Goldwater is making no announcements. One day he says he will decide by/January. Another, he says he'll give a yes or no "sometime when the primaries start in the spring/' But nobody close to the chads* matic Arizona senator has any doubt that he wants to be President or that he is anything . » T „ , but an unannounced candidate for the G.O.P. Cooper and has smg ^ money in NflW York nomination City for Gov ' Rockefeller Whether he hopes to cloak himself in the It is altogether characteristic of Goldwater that he should have accepted the invitation of potential favorite sons—Gov. James A. Rhodes of Ohio and Gov. William W. Scranton of Pennsylvania, for example—to speak at fund-raising events. As he himself has pointed out, he has raised considerable sums for **men like Sens. Javits, Case, Kuchel, and Editor, Register-Mail: Re; letter column of Sept. 7, 1963, regarding H bomb treaty. The objections to the treaty are reasonable though, incidentally, not original with the writer. 1 think it well to point out that there are competent men on both sides of the debate to help us as a nation to decide the issue. The disturbing factor of the let- REMINISCING Of Bygone Times ter, I think, is that the writer seemingly takes pride in cynicism —so much so that he uses the adverb 'cynically* in his complimentary close. Cynicism, like abortion, destroys; both eschew life. Current usage of the word cynic, according to Webster, is that of "a sneering pessimist. A sadcastic surly person, inclined to doubt the good motives of others, or the value of conventions." For openers, he has reserved the whole Mr Repu blican mantle of the late Sen. Taft, FIFTY YEARS AGO 15th floor of the Mark Hopkins Hotel in San or w h e iher it is merely a reflection of his con- Francisco-51 rooms, including the Presiden- servalive mindset, there can be little doubt of suite—for betore and during the 1964 Ke- the sincerity of Goldwater's party regularity, publican convention. And he does not bobble, He already } ias pledged support of any Re- blush, or demurely demur if you ask him puWican Presidential nominee in 1964 as bet- point-blank what he'd do if he were President. ter fm . the country than « any jj ew Frontiers- 1 1 Goldwater lists as an exclusive asset his man. it seven years traveling the country as chairman "We Republicans ought not to be harass of the Republican Senatorial Campaign Com- ing each other," he says. "We have a committee. His million miles and thousands of mon political enemy, the Democrats. Let's speeches have given him a wide acquaintance. fight them instead of each other." These senti- merits will be put to a test during the cross- Saturday, Sept. 13, 1913 Falling a distance of less than three feet, William Wetherbee, a managing officer of the Churchill Hardware Co., of Galesburg, sustained a fracture of a small bone in one of his ankles and other injuries at the Galesburg District Fair. He was standing on a temporary scaffolding when the structure gave way under him. Trail Contract TAOS, N.M. (UPD—An unusual road contract to be let this fall calls for construction of a trail eight miles long and three feet wide on the Wheeler Wild Area in the Carson National Forest. George Proctor said Forest supervisor usually such work is done by the U. S. Forest Service, but the trail is being contracted to economy. The trails are used country tour when he speaks at a Western Republican conference in Eugene, Ore., on Oct. 10. Gov. Rockefeller of New York, who Sanborn streets, has charged that the ''radical right*' was trying to capture Goldwater, will address the same group on the same day. Goldwater's tour is likely to produce some shocks. Fire destroyed the heating plant at H. F. Dairy's greenhouse at the corner of North Broad and As remarkable interview soon to help the local ec< by hikers and hoi towed. Expected 127,000. be published by Congressional Quarterly will disclose, the Arizona senator is not nearly so No vehicles are al- "right-wing" as either his most moonstruck the work is about supporters or his most adamant critics would have him. From the use of federal troops in TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Sept. 13, 1943 Members of Galesburg Com- mandery No, 8, Knights Templar and the auxiliary held their first dinner meeting of the winter season in the Masonic Temple. John Black, 1660 N. Prairie St., state domestic situations to water fluordination, his wag appointed an j nst ructor attitudes may surprise—and even confpund— in teg few*. both his followers and his foes. physics in the Air Force program at Knox College. Cynicism is a destroyer of political life. . . . The cynic doubts that there is virtue, yet he is certain that there is no good. Cynicism is suspicious; suspicious of compromise which is the very art of government. Surely, one of the beauties of the world is democracy at work. But it can not live long in the poisonous wastes of cynicism. For cynicism denies virtue and trust. We all, as individuals, have our personal aims. (Some would say selfish.) These individualistic aims carry over into the social, political and cultural fields of a man's life. The business groups lobby for their favorite plans, laborers for theirs, the farmers for something else, and the cousumer for quite another. We have the sectional disputes of East and West, North and South. The beau* 4 ty of politics, I say, the beauty of a democratic government, .s in taking the numerous, even opposing, aims of all these individuals and groups and giving them as a body a national aim — a consensus. . . . This is the beauty, the dignity, the character, the virtue of our nation. Let us not destroy this life with the poison of cynicism. Sincerely — James R. Hagerty, 654 S. Academy St. feller. SEVERAL local GOP leaders were conspicuous by their absence. One was Mr$. Katie Hoffman, president of the Women's Republican Club of nearby Winnebago County- Rocky's Illinois appearance came two days after New York City voters gave him a sharp rebuke. Rockefeller had personally selected a cousin, Richard Aldrich, as GOP nominee for Manhattan Councilman-at-L arge. When little-known John Lamula announced he would challenge Aldrich in the primary, Rockefeller aides attempted to have Lamula denied a spot on the ballot. Lamula finally won the right to run, ther came within 342 votes of the organization choice, Aldrich. A local headline screamed: "ROCKEFELLER IS PRIMARY'S BIG LOSER." The New York Journal-American saw in this "stinging rebuke a possible local handicap to Rockefeller's 1964 Presidential hopes." To make matters worse, Democrats then rejected a GOP deal that would call off a state-wide judicial ele " n this fall. Fearful that Rocky's popularity has plummeted badly, the governor's aides approached Democratic leaders with a p.oposrd. The GOP would endorse a Democrat for a vacancy on the State Court of Appeals. The seat had been held by a Republican and party leaders hoped the Democrats would return the favor by endorsing a GOP candidate in 1965. NO DICE said Democratic strategists, including New York Mayor Robert Wagner. So Republicans announced that thev would These victories are not consider- the first annual dinner of the New ed particularly significant as the York Conservative Party, the 4 ' J GOP candidates were first endorsed by State Senator Walter Mahoney, GOP leader in that fledgling than outfit that took votes more from y. Mahoney is a solid conserva- 100,000 votes away Rocky in last year's gubernatorial, race. Copyright 1963 galesburg ^gfster-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TEl*£FHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-5161 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galeaburg 35c a Week. Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Poat Office al Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of Mr>-"h 3. 1870 Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmitn Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager M. a. Kddy Associate £<iltor And Director of Public Relations K. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising flepresenta- n 1 1 By RFD mail In our retail trading 'zone: 1 Year $10.00 fi 6 Months $ 6.00 I No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c tive: Ward-Griffith Company Incor- orated. New York, Chicago, De- roit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEK ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed m this newspaper as well as all AP newc dispatches By mal) outside retail trading zone in • Illinois, Iowa and Mis* souri and by motor route to retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Montna S3.71 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1J25 By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months SS.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month 62.00 r J O Crossword Puzzzle they dorse the Democratic en- candidate anyway. The New York Herald Tribune explained; "Mr. Rockefeller, a leading candidate for his party's Presidential nomination next year, was reportedly unwilling to jeopardize his political prestige in what •Quid have been the only state-wide contest in the Nov. 5 election." Note: Rockefeller-endorsed didates did win primary contests ACROSS 1 Irish dramatist 5 Robert , _ statesman 9 Southern general 12 South wind (Hawaii) 13 Repute 14 Age 15 Institute 17 Impair 18 Requires 19 Civil War statesman 21 Examine 4 Precincts 5 Busby clump 6 Grown-ups 7 Central points 8 Tendency 9 Summer drinks 10 Epochal 11 Merit 16 Egyptian god 20 Landmark 22 Banquet 24 Famous cartoonist 25 Does 26 Palsy 28 Pronoun 30 Exploit Answer to Ptmtion* Prate „ [=a@fc3H[^ia -i >'£ i . • • critically o« rfln<5 23 Boy's nickname it S Prom The Pjist: And these shall follow signs them that believe; In my shall they cast out devils; same they shall speak with new tongues;— Mark 16; 17. * * * Christianity has not failed. It is simply that nations have failed There would be no war to try it. God-directed in a Admiral Richard E. Byrd. world.—Rear 24 Doze 27 Repose 29 Othello's ancient 32 Tree 34 More solid 36 Emphasis 37 Bevin, British Laborite 38 Ex-ruler 39 Trigonometry <ab.) 41 Streets (ab.) 42 Tennis term 44 Aroid 46 Spring celebrations 49 Toil 53 Abstracts (ab.) 54 Charm 56 King (Fr.) 57 Woody perennial 58 Image 59 Hindu mile 60 Withered v t>l Outbuilding DOWN X Integument 2 Sharpen J Before (prefix) 33 Wrapped for burial 35 Wild sheep (Asia) 40 Grater 43 Graceful behaviors 45 Confederal* statesman 46 Twain 47 Erse battle cry 48 Eager (OiaL) 50 Famous musician 51 Indian 52 Split 65 Mark in Cttrtir* (sport) •' - r f •' - r f 1TT - x h -r 1 NEWSPAPEB ENTERPRISE ASSN. 4

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