Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 9, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Saturday, June 9, 1973
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M 4 jgajegbym Reaister'Mail, Galesburg,111, Saturday, June 9,1973 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Steel Price Increases Two years ago, it was widely felt that the American steel industry was on the ropes. It agreed Aug. 3, 1971, to increase -wages by 30 per cent over three years. New materials, such as plastic and aluminum, were said to be replacing many stee\ items. Most important, cheap foreign steel threatened to inundate the domestic market. Well, there have been dramatic changes. Two devaluations of the dollar have made foreign steel more expensive than the home-forged variety. Meanwhile, a burgeoning worldwide demand for the metal has shrunk the supplies available to American buyers. The result is a growing shortage of steel at any price. Effective June 15, U.S. Steel will increase the price of sheet and strip steel — widely used by the automakers — by 4.8 per cent, The price of pipe — in heavy demand by the: oil industry — is scheduled ££40 go up Aug.. 1. Other steelmakers are sure' to follow U.S. Steel's lead, unless the Cost of Living Council intervenes. The CLC has an obvious interest in the price »,' of raw steel because it influences the price of many other items, from surgical instruments to skyscrapers, and should take , action. Simple demand is probably the main reason for the price increase, but there are others. A large part of the blame £ can be laid at the doorstep of the enormous £ 1971 wage settlement. R. Heath Larry, the industry's chief negotiator, warned before • the talks began that whatever increase the steejworkers got, it would come "not from the steel industry's current profit level, but from ... the public." The materials used in steelmaking have also increased in price. The cost of scrap iron and steel, an indispensable ingredient, has skyrocketed. The American Iron & Steel Institute reports that, because exports have claimed a large portion of domestic supply, the prices are now 40 to 50 per cent higher than a year ago. Then there is the pollution problem. The Council on Economic Priorities, a nonprofit research organization, reports that the steel industry spends $200 million a year on pollution control, but should be spending much more. According to the council, the industry may have to spend $2.8 biljion just to clean up existing mills. There is a more fundamental reason behind the coming steel price increases, however. The easily accessible and rich iron ore deposits in this country are all but depleted. It takes more money and more expensive labor to make steel from ore that has to be enriched before it is processed. It also costs more to import the richer ores from Canada and elsewhere. Business Week commented recently that, "The experience of the steel industry is an example of a disturbing but largely unnoticed trend that is affecting all big industrial countries, subtly shifting cost relationships and changing trade patterns." Shortages are also showing up in petroleum, copper, zinc, tin, nickel and lumber. In this \ight, the coming steel price increases seem modest. Spending Being Clocked For the first time in history, the rate the government spends money is being clocked, literally, by a "Federal Spending Clock" located in the national headquarters of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. Every 1.2 seconds a dial indicates the expenditure of another $10,000, the average annual income of an American family. Every 12.6 seconds a light flashes, indicating the spending of another $100,000. And every two minutes and six seconds, a "beep" is heard, signaling that the federal government has just dropped another million smackeroos. The "beep," incidentally, goes off about 700 times a day. By the end of the current fiscal year, the rapidly changing digital figures on top of the clock will, have registered a total of some $250 billion. Meanwhile, over at the Census Bureau, there's another clock that records the arrival every few seconds of one more citizen who will spend most of his lifetime making the other clock run. m a Billions for defense, but nothing for the gearch for extraterrestrial life. That is the lament of Dr. Carl Sagan, director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies at Cornell University, who writes in Intellectual Digest that as many as a hundred billion stars in our own galaxy (which is only one of billions of galaxies) might have planetary systems like our own. Timely Quotes The sordid scandal called the Watergate affair is not simply more of the same tactics which have made "politics" a dirty word. It is a conscious conspiracy to violate iaws, to manipulate voters and to make a mockery of the democratic system of self- government. —Report of the Fair Compaiga Practices Committee on the WZ election. Good Heavens Just as the military brass raise the specter of the U.S.S.R. every time they want a few more bombers or something, Sagan notes that the Soviet Union "is now actively pursuing a radioastronomical search for signals from extraterrestrial civilizations on planets of other stars." For what we spend for a few bombers, says Sagan, we could build a major astronomical facility and be doing the same thing. Earth-centered cynics, of course, will he tempted to argue that if we spent money NEITHER on bombers NOR in looking for extraterrestrial life we'd be even further ahead. Watergate Strikes Fear in Governors LAKE TAHOE, Nev. (NEA) — The nation's governors, Answering questions about Watergate at every turn, are still only dimly aware of one of its potentially most perilous consequences. Every now and then its outlines emerge when a reporter in a press conference suggests that, whether they are looking ahead to the next presidential race or contests for high state office, they are going to have to find "Mr. Clean." That notion, carried to its utmost limits, could be more troubling to U. S. politicians than almost any aspect of Watergate they could face. For it could mean imposing on politics some impossibly high standards. As upset as these governors and other political figures are about this massive scandal, they can respond fairly easily to some of the problems it raises for them. • They can deplore the misuse of the public trust and the attempted undermining of the political process. • They can call for the fullest inquiries, even as they have done here, to the point of demanding that President Nixon submit himself to long, repeated searching cross-examination by the press on his role in Watergate. • They can complain about the dangers and inequities of the present system of campaign financing. • They can argue plausibly that the scandal was the work of particular men, and that neither major party should be asked to bear specific responsibility for it. Most Republicans were not involved and the Democrats, of course, were the intended victims of the Nixon administration's elaborate espionage-sabotage network. • They can argue that it is improper and unfair for the President to assert that Watergate is just a more spectacular example of tactics common to all politics, and should be seen in that perspective. But at this point their fears take over. Regardless of party, Comment By Bruce Biossat these governors arc terrified at the possible rub-off on them and their political colleagues. They don't like the assumption that all politicians are dirty or crooked or both. Yet, as indicated at the outset, their dilemma in this regard may be even greater than they realize. The rising call for "Mr. Clean" may reflect so wide a public revulsion as lo put them to impossible tests of spolless- ness. Perfect conduct is not lo be found in politics, business or anywhere else. Most people have minor brushes with the law, or the tax authorities, etc. Even the most deeply honest politicians can be victimized and have their records sullied by faithless aides and grasping influence seekers. Is It forgotten that the late Adlat Stevenson had two scandals to deal with while govor* nor of Illinois? Or that Nelson Rockefeller, who hardly needs extra cash, had to shuck off a key aide early in his long tenure? We need an end to public cynicism about politics and government, an attitude which is harming all institutions. Revulsion Is understandable. A call for something better than the too common misconduct of this age is vital. But there Is no perfect "Mr. Clean," and a demand for him only assures our. perpetual disillusionment. Justice Moving in on Whalley, Collins WASHINGTON - Two congressmen, whom we have accused of irregularities that seemed like illegalities to us, may wind up in court after all. The U.S. attorney's office here, in Washington is quietly working up eases against Rep. James Collins, R-Tex., the dapper Dal, las millionaire, and ex-Rep. J. Irving Whalley, R-Pa., the banker, churchman and former U.N. delegate. WE ACCUSED both men of chiseling petty sums from their help. Our previous stories about kickbacks brought convictions against four congressmen, but the Justice Department seemed uninterested in prosecuting Collins and Whalley. In the Collins case, for example, the Justice Department convicted not Collins but his 34- year-old former assistant, George Haag, for arranging the kickbacks. Yet Collins admitted to us during our original investigation that he was fully aware of the kickback arrangement. Subsequently, we quoted excerpts from Collins' private papers which indicated he was trying to manipulate the FBI investigation. It is this angle that the U.S. attorney's office is now pursuing. A federal grand jury will decide whether Collins should be indicted for obstructing justice. In the Whalley case, Pittsburgh's U.S. Attorney Richard Thornburgh .recommended prosecution based on a painstaking, year-long FBI investigation. The case has now been submitted to the U.S. attorney in Washington for possible indictment. In the wake of Watergate, the Justice Department suddenly has shown more interest in prosecuting prominent Republicans. BLOOD MONEY: Hundreds of hungry Haitians, the western hemisphere's poorest people, lined up on the Port-au-Prince waterfront day after day last year to sell their blood. Each donor was paid three dollars and a bottle of soda pop for a donation of blood plasma. The Comment By Jack Anderson American promoters rang up a larger profit, estimated between $500,000 and '$1 million for the year. Eventually, the daily blood let- tin? attracted unfavorable press notice. This upset Haiti's Jean- Claude Duvalier, at 21 the world's youngest president, known to his subjects as "Baby Doc," who has been striving lo give his impoverished little country a better image. He, therefore, cancelled the 10-year contract with the American firm, Hemo-Caribbean, and dismissed his defense minister, Luckner Cambronne, for taking kickbacks from the blood suckers. The last word out of Portau-Prince was that Hemo-Carib- THE MAILBOX Press Distinction Editor, Register-Mail: Maj. Thomas Gordon Storey's welcome to a cheering Galesburg may not rank with the celebration at the Cotton Bowl for ait prisoners of war, but he spoke for a lot of POWs, he said, when he claimed Richard Nixon <as his hero . .. for standing up to the press in doing what he thought was right in the massive bombing of Hanoi. I think the Air Force major bean had closed down and Cambronne had fled the country. But ever so quietly, Hemo- Caribbean has changed its name to Life Services and has hired a powerful Washington law firm to pull political strings. The firm's Joe Sharlltt and Milton Barall recently arranged a quiet luncheon on Capitol Hill. THEY SAT Haiti's Foreign Minister Adrien Raymond and Ambassador Rene Chalmers down with Chairman Dante Fas-, cell, D-Fla., of the House Subcommittee on Inter-American Relations. Also present was D.C. delegate Walter Fauntroy, a black leader, whose appearance presumably was intended to impress Haiti's own black leaders. Both Fascell and Fauntroy denied they had attended the luncheon to help Hemo-Carib­ bean get back into the blood business in Haiti. But unknown to them, Sharlitt followed up I he luncheon meeting with a letter to the Haitian ambassador, suggesting that praise would be, arranged in Congress for Haiti if the blood operation were resumed. "After an appropriate interval of time following reopening," wrote Sharlitt, "we will instruct our counselors to endeavor to secure mention on the floor of our Congress of the . . . final success in resolving a dispute that arose between a private American firm and the Haitian Government. . . . "It is our belief that if the Hemo-Caribbean plants are reopened, such a statement can be secured. The impact of such a statement on potential U.S. investors in Haiti would be most ualutary." SHARLITT ALSO promised to launch a massive public relations program, run by experts, to promote U.S. investments In Haiti and "prevent adverse publicity." The public relations experts, suggested Sharlitt, would "seek to identify the origin of attacks (against the blood program), most probably the political opposition to the Government." Later, Sharlitt traveled to Haiti for a personal meeting with Finance Minister Edward Francisque. The lawyer delivered a letter of introduction from his partner, Milton Bar- ali, who used to be U.S. deputy chief of mission in Haiti. The letter, written on Barall's own stationery, was contained in an envelope stamped "Official Business, the Organization of American States." Barall told us he occasionally consulted for OAS and "absent-mindedly" put the letter in an OAS envelope. Oh yes, the American promoters also offered to increase the price they will pay for blood plasma to four dollars — plus the customary soda pop. (Copyright, 1973, by UNITED Feature Syndicate, Inc.) . Letters to the Editor Crossword Puzzle Aniwerc to Frsvioiii PuuW Garb ACROSS 1 Head garb 4 Under garb 8 Outer garb 12 United 13 Appellation 14 English composer 15 Offspring 16 Sanction officiaUy 18 Approve 20 Hindu queens 21 Her garb was a fig leaf 22 College official 24 SoUcitude 26 Flowerless plant 27 Quagmire 30 Unwilling 32 Asteroid found in 1850 34 Harass 35 Cherrylilce color 36 East (Fr.) 37 Australian pompano 39 Cain's victim (Bib.) 40 Masculine 41 Devoured food 42 Glossy fabric 45 Ranch overseer (Sp.) 49 Occur 51 Island (Fr.) 52 Hideoua monster 53 Passage in the brain 54 Goddess of the dawn 55 Cooking utensils 56 Promontory 57 Coterie DOWN 1 Leg garb 2 Presently 3 Most softhearted 4 Trap 5 Track circuits 6 Obstruct 7 Through 8 Philippine measure 9 Algerian seaport 10 Against 11 Golf gadgets 17 Citrus fruit 19 Manifest 23 Build 24 Sleeveless 5 v X Kl i a IB rancs • mam I Esrasras I Kl E garb 25 Class of vertebrates 26 Untamed 27 Inducements poetry 38 Enumerate 40 Ore pits 41 Mimlckers 42 Cease of corruption 43 Jason's boat 28 French river 44 Small pastry Wias not talking about the Galesburg "press." Actually, I think that we need some distinction in these days between home press and national press. Press today includes radio and TV. The press that can really be trusted to tell it the way it is, in my opinion, is the small town and city press. I have just been reading a reporter's story in a current issue of Harper's. She, a trained reporter with big city papers, said the Wounded Knee repoirts we read dairy were phony "The reporters shredded the stories into pieces, tossed them into the air, and recreated them as they fell into designs of their own choosing." This is sad, but she is not talking about hometown papers. She is not talking about Galesburg, Macomb, Moline, Rock Island, and even Peoria. We can't check on Watergate, pollution of Lake Michigan, great conferences in Paris. Home papers take what the wire says — and it did and does take guts, as the Galesburg major said, for Nixon to buck the big papers and networks. We don't have that problem in Galesburg and Macomb? and on my campus of Western Illinois University. I tell my students what the great Walter Lippmann said: "Rarely is anyone but the interested party able to test the accuracy of a report. If the news is JocaJ, and if there is competition, the editor knows that he will probably hear from the man who thinks his portrait unfair and inaccurate. But if the news is not local, the corrective diminishes as the subject matter recedes into the distance." On the national level of "news" on Wounded Knee or a meeting in Iceland or in another city it takes the power of a President to buck the "news" or groups huge enough to hire publicity men. Back home like we have in the towns and cities in downstate Illinois is the most dependable available. The major wasn't talking about local press. The local press has few Mars — like those at Wounded Knee. (Continued on Page 9) 29 Certain Celt 31 Portable chairs 33 Muse of lyric 46 Greek god 47 Tropical plant 48 For fear that 50 Metal fastener i r" r- r- 4 1 r* r- nr rr 12 13 u IS 16 \r IS 19 8 a {4 25 w id JO 34 a • 39 1 ir 4f 44 47 48' 49 it ii 64 s* 66 87 > Qalesbyrg Regfsfer -Mai1 Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 343-7181 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress ot March 3, 1870. Daily except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Prltchard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O 'Connor, usBlMlsnt managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Ino., New Yuik, Chicago, Detroit, l.os Angeles, Sun Ki anrlsro, Atlanta, Minneapolis. Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte- SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 60c a Week # By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16.00 3 Months $925 6 Months $ O.uo 1 Month |20O No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg SOc a Week IHIWSFAm INTIRHIW AWN.) MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION By mail outside retail trading zone In Illinois, Iowa und Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year $22.00 :i Months $8 00 I) Month*_*12.00 1 Month 12,80 My mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri'. 1 Year 120.00 3 Months |7.50 6 Months $14.80 1 Month f«J

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