Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 12, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Thursday, September 12, 1963
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I Squeaky Rocker r gress and the Compulsory Arbitr ation Power By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE SUGGESTION has been ifiade that Congress, having headed off a nation -wide railroad strike by imposing compulsory arbitration on the unions, has created a precedent that will be invoked in the future to prevent any and all big industry-wide or regionally important work stoppages. Since the suggestion contains an element of prophetic truth, it is worth close analysis. Clearly some sort of precedent has been slahlished, and the labor chiefs of the nation will have to walk warily in the years ahead before taking their issues to street and picket line. But as long as labor retains its crucial voting power in politically important states, cfrrhpulsory arbitration Measures will hardly be used indiscrimi* nately. Whether or not they are to be invoked by Congress in the future to control thfe course of la* most certainly depend on a defi* tories. Even after tfte inventories nition of what it takes to "paralyze*' the American economy. A big newspaper strike in an important metropolitan area is hardly worth the cohl to any of the unions involved, It weakenk newspaper^ which is a bad thing for anyone connected with them. But just what does such a strike "paralyze"? It slows business, it is a dreadful inconvenience, but there are bootleg ways of getting information. The life of New York City went on during the recent strike, though at a muted and frequently boring pace. IF THERE is ever to be a nation-wide strike in steel again, it would be called "paralytic" by some. But would it be truly so? Taft-Hartley procedures can always be counted on to give warning of a coming steel stoppage, and this gives the manufacturers of steel products kn opportunity to bor-management disputes will al- build up their raw steel inven have been used up, people cafi "make do" with existing steel products for a long time. And in many instances there are acceptable substitutes for steel, siiah as plastics, aluminum and fiberglass. A big strike in the automobile industry could continue for months without putting people off the roads Of America. Car 6WftferS would simply keep the old Jfitoptes rolling as they did for four yeftfS in World War It. So what kind of strike truly "paralytic"? The answer WOtild seem to be only a strike that hfrs an important "gobd^to-market" angle. A nationwide railroad work stoppage would obviously Serve to keep all manner of industries from functioning by cutting them off from their raw material source^ at one end and from their customers at the other, it would deprive people of food, fuel, and all manner of necessities. This could be defined as truly "paralytic," meaning that motion in essential life-sustaining areas would be stopped. SO THE SCOPE of the Coflgfes* slonal precedent 1ft settling the railroad featherbed dispute be* comes clear: compulsory arbitration will in alt probability.be invoked in the future whenever a strike threatens to keep a wide variety of goods from moving into the market place. This means that Jimmy Hoffa's truckdrivers will hardly be permitted to strike uniformly all across the nation. It means that the longshoremen's and the seamen's unions must think twice before attempting to close down the waterborne freight business. Hoffa and the maritime unions are in the "goods-to-market" sec- much tor of the economy just as the railroads. The truckdrivers and the longshoremen could truly paralyze the economy. The "goods-to-market" test *Mves Congress an important piece of litmus paper to use in considering future compulsory arbitration measures. The fact that this promises Walter Reuther of the auto workers and David McDonald of the steel workers an immunity that must be denied to jimmy Hoffa and the maritime chiefs may not seem equitable to truck drivers, longshoremen or sailors. But industries differ in their essential nature. The nation's rails and motor roads and docksides have an "eminent do* main" angle, and the government has a duty to see that the political power of eminent domain is used to serve all(the people where it impinges on goods*to-ffiarkct movement. Paralysis in any wide "goods-to-market" operation is essentially different from paralysis in an industry that sells products whose use can be postponed, or substituted for, without bringing the functions of life to a standstill. Copyright 1963. Refugee D ct Says Cuba Medicare Is Fi rce EDITORIAL Comment and Review De Gaulle's Internal Foe "Power does not retreat" is a favorite 82 per cent. Consumer prices haVe been gftlng aphorism of Charles de* Gaulle, De Gaulle's up at the rate of 6 per cent a year for the past power will be put to a rare domestic test in two years. Official predictions that stability was just at hand have been disproved by the the next few weeks. The austerity program which the French cabinet is expected to give rubber stamp approval on Thursday calls for economy in government, budget cuts, tight money, and a ceiling on wage rises, food prices, 'and rents. These tough measures, especially the last three, are sure to be resented by businessmen, workers, and especially farmers, who already usual—have their backs up. time The wage rise has continued at an annual rate of about 10 per cent, and that has been pushing everything else up. The shortage of skilled labor is as bad as ever, despite the inflow of Algerian refugees, who just don't have the proper skills where they're needed. The Wettest August since 1947 and the coldest since 1912 has not assuaged individual ire. Parisians returned from their vacances decided to give the pro- to find the p rices of neW spapers up 20 per Valerie Giscard d'Estaing, cent Rises have been ap p rove d in prices Of efic finance minister, will bread and wine These came on top of recont n a radio-television speech riges jn electricity, bills, rail fares, doctors' on Thursday evening. Soon thereafter Pre- feeSj restaurant men us, theater tickets, and By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Had the students who visited Castro Cuba really wanted to "learn something" they irtight better have spent theft* time in Miami's heavily^populatcd. Ctibari colony. There thfcy could have interviewed Agustin Gastellanos, M.D., a leading blood specialist now attached to the University of Miami Hospital. Whether they would have listened to Dr. Castellanos, a "worm" who fled his homeland when ^idel Castro showed his true colors, is another matter. The doctor, whose pipelines into Cuba remain open, would have cited the grim facts of life and death in contemporary Cuba, it is his belifef, b&sed on solid Evidence, that medteal pr&ctfcfe under Premier Castro "has declined to a new depth for a civilized country of the 20th century." WRITING in the current issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, Dr. Castellanos surveys Castro-style medi­ care. What he finds he does not llkO. To coflipSnsatfc for the loss of 1,200 physicfans who have defect- fed tO 6tber countries, Castro has "gradated" 1,000 bt hi§ Own, All of therti inadequately trained, many of thetrt formOr students who had flunked out of school. A year after Castro assumed power, all pharmaceutical laboratories, both national and foreign, were taken 8ver by the government. Drugs are at best in short supply. Antibiotics, steroids, vita-, mhis, and other pharmaceuticals are simply not available, despite the large quantities delivered by U. S. producers at the time of the Bay 6f Pigs prisoner exchange. Soviet and Chinese medications at% Qeteribkd as "poorly standardized and of inferior quality." Red bloc penicillins are frequently associated with "violent local and general reactions. Some of the broad spectrum antibiotics have an associated gastrointestinal toxicity which is unheard of in the United States." PRODUCTS of the National Blood Bank are often contaminated- For this reason, there has been a sharp decrease in the use of blood transfusions. The practice of surgery has suffered badly. Anesthetics are of inferior quality. Instruments are inadequately sterilized by poorly-tram- ed nurses. As a matter of fact, many of the finest Cuban nurses have been isolated because they lack enthusiasm for Revolution. They have been repteeed by incompetent graduates of hurry-up Schools of nursing. There has been a great increase in infectious hepatitis, gastroenteritis and childhood diseases of all kinds. The mortality rate has jumped. So has the rate of sur­ gical morbidity. Many of the private outpatient clinics and medical centers have been confiscated. These instftu- tions, Which once sfefvifcetl 500,000 Cubattfe, are ROW lindef StatO <?6rt- trol. THE QUALITY of car£ has declined as doctors find themselves under the control of "employment committees," frequently run by unskilled, illiterate workers. Doctors are usually searched at the time they enter or leave a hospital. The National Medical Association is no more. Dissolved by Castro, it has been replaced by a Medical Workers Union, to which physicians, nurses, dentists, and hospital workers must belong. Dr. Castellanos concludes: "It is easily seen why medrcine is very unenthusiastically practiced in Cuba today Persecution of the physician, the bad pharmaceuticals, the lack of laboratory help, the decreased compensation, and the increasing poverty of the people are all responsible. "Owrng to the distrust and antftety from a lack di Warranty of personal frSedotti, and owing to th6 social arid political Agitation which is ever present, the practice of meditirte has declined to a new depth for* a civilfeed country of the 20th century," * * * CONGRESS last yea- appropriated funds for new typewriters at the State Department building in Foggy Bottom. Bureaucrats there used the money to increase their salaries. Now they have returned, hat in hand, to ask Congress for more. This time; they promise; the money will be used for typewriters. Sen. John McClellan, Arkansas Democrat, observes correctly that Congress has "lost control of the pursestri'ngs. And we better get it back." Landis Tax Gaulle Brings Scrutiny of Enforcement gram Gaulle virfQBS mier rent. same -nd. Then the Ptesident ^vill put his Happily, French expoHers have been able great popularity and prestige behind it in a to keep thfetf prices Btabte am j competitive. through The June/July Institut National de la Statis- France's problem is galloping inflation, tique poll of 2400 French industrialists indi- the price the De Gaulle administration so far has grudgingly paid for rapid expansion to the ascendency in the Western European economy. Mindful of the growing unrest, De Gaulle, who usually stays well above the domestic political fray, took up the' matter of Times points out, and then goes on to ask, social relations in industry and agriculture as slightly rhetorically, "Has French ascendancy ice of July in the economic sphere reached its zenith?" & to show The acceptance of De Gaulle's austerity cates a distinct revival in orders from abroad, in addition to a general improvement in production. As time goes on President de Gaulle's room for maneuver narrows, the London item 29. figur fiy PEtER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)—Echoes are still bouncing around on the 30-day imprisonment of former Harvard Law School dean James M. Landis tor failure to file income tax returns {or five years. Tax experts recognize there is &n important moral principle here, lis well as a legal question. The successful functioning of the Arriericari voluntary income tax assessment system is based on the bssiirafice of people who do pay theft taxes that those who evade payftieat are ferced to pay up and given just punishment. Landis'fe excuse for not filing returns from 1956 through 1960, when he had average income of over $70,000 a year, was that he was so busy with his clients' business he didn't have time to F 4 take care of his own. Also, it was brought out in court that he •was under psychiatric treatment. When formal charges were filed against the former high government official, he admitted guilt, paid up $94,000 in back taxes, penalty and interest due in full. So the government lost nothing in the long run. IN THE LIGHT of this record, the question being discussed now is whether the sentence handed down by Federal Judge Sylvester J. Ryan in N6tf Yerk court was fully justifiable, too that industrial production has tripled since the war and farm output has doubled. ogram As for its effect on his personal popularity, the Geiieral could Against these soothing data can be mar- hardly care less. volume tic* came years memoirs he declared it his mission to serve "the higher interest of France. . .something other' than the immediate advantage of have climbed 25 per cent. Rents have zoomed Frenchmen Lusty Infant The government of Indonesia has officially vast area of the South Pacific It is rich in changed the name of the Indian Ocean to the resources and coiild Well one day become a FINDING WAY Farewell—With Integrity By RALPH W. LOEW, D;D, Newspaper Enterprise Assn. "Indonesian Ocean" on its maps. The Romans once called the Mediterrane- major power. At present, however, it is doubtful if any- an "Our Sea," Such national egotism was. not one will take much notice of the Indonesian disputed; if it was, the upstarts were soon exercise in grandeur. Map changes and myths shown the error of their ways. produced for home consumption are poor sub- Indonesia is the fourth largest nation of economic the world in population and stretches over a advances toward strong nationhood, The Slim Edge of Success People like certainty. Consequently, even narrow edge In superior performance, both in a shades-of-gray era like the present, they to achieve maximum safety and to succeed in seek clear black and white labels to pin on combat." men, issues and a variety of other things. Inevitably, therefore, they try to draw a in the hard arena of military strength but pretty sharp line between success and failure. through nearly all life. Yet the truth is t the gap between the two sometimes is almost imperceptible. THIS IS A report of a funeral and its simple, honest reverence. After watching many Americans attempt to disguise death or attach sentimentalities, this moment in a Finnish cemetery was filled with integrity. The graveyard was next to a large and beautiful church in Finland, about 450 miles from the Arctic Circle. We were guests of a family whose hospitality was as tall as the great trees which lined the lake. They welcomed us to their home, to the joy of their fiVe little blonde children — and to their sauna (steam bath). On a bright Sunday morning the singing of a sturdy Lutheran chorale filled the air as several Success again and again turns out to be a hundred persons came into the What Anderson suggests is. valid not only matter not of swamping your competitor in Admiral George W. Anderson, former business « or a Profession, or politics. It is a thing of getting just a few inches ahead, Chief of Naval Operations and our new am- nearby cemetery. A MAN, age 36, had drowned while fishing and now his widow, his children, and his friends walk- ™ .^.v,^., r , ed to the open grave where the the specific context of military affairs in a ^ ™ ainI * b ? concentrating better on the- pastor awaitoL clothed in his knee-length black coat, the white tabs at the collar, he looked the The admiral was, of course, arguing a {erence is supe rior desire. Given that, a per- tower of strength. Beside the bassador to Portugal, touched on this point in sometimes by working harder and longer but recent speech to the National Press Club. job at hand. L In countless instances the measure of dif- five spades thrust in at grotesque angles. The Finnish words were foreign to my ears; fhe spirit was intelligible and clear. The service completed, the pastor took the small, black spade and poured in a small amount of the fine soil. Then each of the family placed a handful of dust and the elder son dropped fresh boughs of pine. immediately four young male relatives stepped forward and began to fill the grave while a many-stanzaed hynfin was sung. When they tired, others stepped forward to take, their place. So the grave was filled, and the mound covered with pine boughs. AS THE HYMN was completed the widow stepped forward, read the verse of Scripture on the ribbon of the sheaf of flowers which she carried and placed this last token on the grave. Each of the women among the mourners did the same and then they entered heavy or not heavy enough? And is it comparable to sentences handed down to others found guilty in similar cases? Internal Revenue Service enforcement officials s&y frankly they don't know whether tiie Landis" decision has any precedents or hot. They don't keep their records that w&y., Neither does the Department of Justice, which dees the prosecuting. N6r do the courts keep records nationally. Every case of delinquency, fraud or other evasion of federal tax liability taken to court is tried before one of 400 district judges. Circumstances and amounts involved in each case vary and so do the judges whe hear them. There is no uniformity in the decisions they hand down, except those imposed by the limits of the law. In 1961 Department of Justice rec6mmended the first judicial seminar in Boulder, Colo. The purpose was to get judges, in closed sessions, to come to some agreement, among themselves on sentences they hand down in various types of cases. IRS COMMISSIONER Mortimer Caplin's report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1962—last one available—shows that 1.5 million tax delinquency investigations were conducted. Taxes, penalties and interest brought in from i *35,000 of these probes totaled $165 million. But the average was only a little over $176 on each return. Last year IRS had to handle about 350 million pieces of paper. It can't check this much busi- REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, Sept. 13, 1913 It was announced by Tom Snowball, Galesburg water superintendent, that despite the dry spell in Galesburg during the summer, the city still had plenty ness manually. On the 96 or other civil or criminal violation of the tax laws was obtained on about 125,000 cases. The 125,000 cases tfere reduced to about 15,000 considered the most imphrtant. About 4,000 of these were then investigated in depth by the 1,750 special agents 6f the IRS Intelligence Service. Of the 4,000, only 1,200 were recommended for prosecution. This situation is going to be completely changed when the IRS automatic data processing —ADP—is fully operational, in 1968. It will then be possible to check every ireturn and catch every delinquent. This will make possible more uniformity in tax law enforcement. <3 alesburg l^gister-Mail 14D rfoutfc Prairie Street Galesburg, iUinoU TELETHONi!. NUMBER Register-MaiJ Exchange 342-6161 Entered Second Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg Illinois, under ^ct of Congress oi M'"-"h 3 1879 Dally except Sunday. Etnel Custer SchmJth Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager ft4. H. uddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H, H. Clay ....Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New Vork. Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta. San Francisco, Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte- MEMf EB AUDI1 BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBKh ASbUClAl'ElJ PRESS fne Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AJP new* dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By CafHer in City ot Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mail in our retail trading zone r 1 year *10.00 3 Months $3.50 6 Months $ 6.00 I Month $1.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there ts established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retail trading zona outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone tn Illinois. Iowa and Missouri and by motor route tn retail trading zone 1 year $13.00 6 Months $ 7.00 3 Months 63.71 1 Month 91.25 By mall outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri X Vear $1B. 6 Months S 9.! in 3 Months fS.M 1 Month ta.00 Crossword Puzzzle Places and People Answer to Prtvkw* Puxzlt n the church for the morning wor- 0 f water to spare . ship. case that greater consideration be given at son somehow finds adequate tools, subjects g rave was the mound of soil - with the level of top civilian control tb the views himse jf ^ whatever stiff disciplines may be and the experience of professional military needed, labors as persistently and sirigle-mind- edly as the circumstances demand. Out of that often narrow margin of extra effort comes the crown of success. Any slight and naval officers. Of the qualified military man Anderson lbe £ Presenf said: "He U sxposed to the narrow margin be- flagging, any brief wandering of attention tween success and failure, not Only in weap- from the critical task could have turned it into ons, but iu leadership and in understanding of the eoemy." failure. We should understand, then, with Admiral At another pl#ee the admiral said: Anderson that the difference most of the time "I ajtt concerned that, in the selection of is not a matter of black and white. Any of us weapons, aircraft or ships, there may not be may win the day just by striving without help * full appreciation of the decisiveness of a for a deeper shade of gray. But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begettetb a son, and there is nothing in his hand. -HECCI. 5 :14. • * * No man can tell whether he is rich or poor by turning to his ledger. It is the heart that makes a man rich. He is rich according to what he is, not according to what he has.—Henry Ward Beecher. It was all simple and rev* erent, honest and full of integrity. Once again, home in America, we shall remember the tall trees that filtered sunlight by the lakeside, the roses which bloomed over the graves of the young who died defending their country, and the shy but friendly people of this north country. And we remember a funeral which, in its honesty, shames many of our sentimentalities which have bled faith from one of life's important moments* A number of young people were present for a wiener roast at ihe home of Mr. and Mrs. O. F. Walter, 258 S. Prairie St. TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Sept. 12, 1943 Board of directors for the Knox County School Employes Credit Union met in the home of Harry Aldus, 1090 N. Kellogg St., for a business meeting. Mr. and Mrs. B. D. Galloway entertained their son, Pvt. Robert J. Galloway of Ft. Sill, Okla., at a dinner. ACROSS 1 Liechtenstein capital 6 Jay, New York 11 Got up 12 Feminine appellation 13 Expunges 14 London street 16 Most dismal 17 Weirder 18 School group (ab.) 19 Corpulent 21 Dirk 22 Italian community 24 ConsteUation 26 Mariner's direction 27 Small state (ab.) 29 Parent 31 Measure of cloth 32 La —Bolivia 33 Table sqrap 36 Girl's name 39 Mineral rocks 43 French stream (var.) 45 Through 46 Exist 47 Lodger 49 Type of fur 52 Plant part 53 Required 54 Puff up 55 S^orie* 56 Remove4 97 Pastim* DOWN 1 Modifies 2 Biblical mountain 3 Medicinal quantity 4 Employs 5 Full of piquancy 6 Capsizes 7 Top of bead . 8 Cat sounds 9 "Lily maid of Astolat" 10 Hindu queens 13 Miss Ferber 15 Dismal (diat) 20 Measure of area 23 Fish 25 Wine cup 28 Building wing 30 Containing nitrogen (comb. form) 32 Fathers and mothers HHH ^RjiFjraa • swan Ulr-iMfJWIi «13 Id [^12] El 42 Plant ovale 44 Pertaining to a branch 48Head (Fr4 50 Harvest 51 Song (comb, form) 33 34 35 37 38 40 41 State (suffix) Rated Mexican dish Unclosed Musical note Incursionist Mr.Hemingwsy NgWSFAPEB ENTtiimSE t

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