Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 11, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, September 11, 1963
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4 (Satesburp Register-Mail,Galesburg,III, Wed,, Sept, 11, 1963 'I Hear Something — Maybe It's Just the Beating of Our Hearts 9 EDITORIAL ment and Review The Dull Delinquents It has now become usual to deplore in were somehow hostile objects? sharp terms the all too customary youthful disturbances which mar big holiday weekends at many of the nation's seaside and other resorts. They are deplorable. But (hey are something else, too. They are a great big crashing bore, not only to those who have to deal with them, but to many who read of them. If some of our psychologists are right and this sort of behavior is designed to be attention-getting, its tiresomeness for others ought to be something of a blow to the unruly participants. Why is it a bore? Because underlying this inexcusable conduct is the assumption that life in this country for some young people just isn't worth a thing unless it can somehow be juiced up with beer drinking, wild driving, rock-throwing, general vandalism and riot. We all know that America has come a long way from the captivating innocence that marked its earlier history. But can we really accept the idea that for some of us there is no shred of this left? The answer ought to be "no," which is why these tales of youthful depredation are so wearying. What is the matter with enjoying a beach as a beach instead of as no more than a setting for a raucous brawl? Why can't trees in a park or wood be appreciated for what they are, instead of hacked at, cut down or otherwise marred as if they What is wrong with parties where youngsters just have fun instead of trying to break up the place? Who says playgrounds have to become battlegrounds? Why should the baseball park, the football stadium, the swimming pool, ever be the scene of marauding misbehavior? Whatever became of just plain fun, as distinguished from "kicks"? We've all heard that youngsters' search for "kicks" reflects their quest for identity, for attention, for manhood or womanhood, for a way, too, to express feelings of hostility engendered by the complex age they live in. Grant all this. It still doesn't let the unruly kids off the hook altogether. For the many who get beyond asphalt, brick and concrete, the marvelous world is still here to be taken at its worth. And you don't need a primer at hand to respond warmly to the sky, the sun, the water, the trees, the sand and all the games and pleasures linked with them. Unless we are ready to concede that a good many kids are monstrous automatons incapable of feeling the stimulus of these things, then we have to say they have the eyes, the hearts and the minds to respond. Those who react instead by wrecking, corrupting and depreciating what they see about them are indeed incredible bores. They are still baffled by one of life's most easily fathomed secrets. Prince Edward 9 s Four-Year Recess Negro children in southside Virginia's Prince Edward County start their first formal education in four years when a private nonprofit corporation opens tuition-free classes for them on Monday, Sept. 16. The county deliberately closed all public schools in 1959 rather than comply with court-ordered desegregation. A "private" school system financed through state tuition grants has given the 1,300 white children a semblance of education since then. But 1,700 Negro youngsters were left to shift for themselves. Their only exposure to learning has come in summer Gems of Thought EDUCATION True education is learning to look away from self, thus constantly broadening one's mental horizon. —Mary Kimball Morgan All education should contribute to moral and physical strength and freedom. —Mary Baker Eddy Every student must be a volunteer in the intellectual and spiritual struggle to preserve freedom for mankind. —Franklin Delano Roosevelt A democracy can only be strong if all the citizens are properly educated and careers are freely open to all the talented. —James B. Conant Education makes a people easy to lead, but diffipult to drive; easy to govern, but impossible to enslave. —Henry Peter Brougham Education is our only political safety. Out- #ide oJ : this ark all is deluge. —Horace Mann "crash" school and winter "morale" class sessions run informally in churches. The plight of the Negro children so shocked the conscience of the nation that Virginia state officials and leaders cooperated with the Justice Department this year in forming the Prince Edward Free School Association, as the new privately financed group is called. Contributions of at least $1 million will be needed to operate classes held in three leased public school buildings in two communities. Teacher recruitment has proved no problem, with returning members of the Peace Corps proving one fruitful source. Their devotion and ability will be tested to the full. Children up to age 11 will be getting their first taste of schooling, and psychologists studying the situation under a federal research grant this summer found that some of them don't even know how to hold a pencil. Constitutionality of the public school closure and of the state system of tuition grants still must be decided by the courts. But few southern communities seem to be interested in following Prince Edward's footsteps. Nine rural areas in Virginia have put their white children in private schools, but none has closed down the public schools for Negroes. Indeed, more than 50 Virginia jurisdictions have desegregated their schools. In northern Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, about 1,000 Negro pupils are enrolled for the 1963-64 school year in formerly all-white schools, an increase of more than 400 over last year. And among the states of the old Confederacy, only Texas and Tennessee exceed Virginia in percentage of desegregation. Time Is Here Again for Vice Presidential Talk By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE TIME has come to talk about Vice Presidential candidates. I say this because of the widespread feeling in Republican circles that "Goklwater's got. it" —meaning, of course, the Presidential nomination. It is not so much that Republicans are certain that Barry is the man with the potential to beat a popular Kennedy. There are differences of opinion on that. But many possible local Republican candidates for state and Congressional offices are sure that, even with a losing Barry Goklwatcr at the head of the ticket, they themselves would have a better chance of pulling through. "Barry," says one pro, "would put steam behind local tickets." With Barry "in" so far as first place on the Republican slate is concerned, as seems to be conceded even by New York Times Washington correspondents who would never vote for him, the question of balancing the ticket becomes uppermost. It goes with­ out saying that a Vice President on a Goldwater ticket must be differentiated from Goldwater on both a regional and a philosophical basis. Plotting the choice mechanically, the Vice Presidential nomination should go to Gov. Nelson Rockefeller or to Sen. Jacob Javits, both of "liberal" and undeniably eastern New York State. However, the cut-and-dried mechanics of the situation break down in this particular case. If women have been truly outraged by Rockefeller's divorce and remarriage to a divorced mother, they would object to him as a second-place man no less than as head of the ticket. Moreover, Rockefeller has the Achilles temperament: if he can't be the leader, it is doubtful that he would be willing to take a position as second in command. Javits, of course, is something else again. But Javits has been so blatantly at odds with everything that Goldwater stands for that a Goldwater - Javits slate might seem offensively cynical. The Democrats would be able to make an inordinate amount of election day yardage merely by playing up the ideological clash between Goldwater and Javits as is proved by their respective Senatorial voting records. SO WRITE New York State off, then, as good quarrying ground for Republican Vice Presidential timber in 1964. That is, write it off if Sen. Keating, who would provide a good geographical and philosophical balance, still insists on running again for the Senate, as he seems so wholeheartedly intent upon doing. With New York out fpr such special reasons, the choice narrows down to any one of three or four populous industrial states in the northeastern quarter of the nation. Sen. Case of New Jersey shares the shortcomings of Sen. Javits; he is too blatantly "liberal" to seem like a sincere offering on a Goldwater ticket. Gov. Scranton of Pennsylvania, a liberal with just enough protective ' coloration in fiscal matters to be palatable to conservatives, would make a fair choice ,for a Goldwater running mate. Ohio's Governor Rhodes is another possibility, though his personality may seem at first glance to be too colorless and unobtrusive to generate election day sparks. Illinois' own "Ev" Dirksen, Senate Minority Leader, comes appropriately from a state that can be considered on the outermost edge of the industrial Northeast and hence would provide geographical balance to Arizona's Goldwater. But the philosophical balance here would manifestly be missing. MY OWN FEELING is that the best running mate for Goldwater would be the man from Michigan, Gov. George Romney. As a Presidential possibility he has been running way ahead of Gov. Scranton in the public opinion polls. This popularity could rub off on him as Vice Presidential timber. Although the United Automobile Workers did not endorse him for governor of Michigan, Romney has pulling power in labor circle! because of the generous profit- sharing contract with the UAW local which he helped write when he was head of the American Motors Co. He has been against industrial "bigness," which should endear him to the liberals who fear the power of the corporations. Incidentally, his old labor relations man in American Motors, Eddie Cushman, would make a wonderful Secretary of Labor. With all his liberal coloration, Romney, a top-flight industrialist, could not be anathema to believers in free enterprise. And his Mormon religious affiliation is a guarantee that he would not be in favor of centralizing all the welfare services of the nation under a Washington bureaucracy. The Mormons believe in self-help, church-help, and town-and-state help before they believe in federal help. A Goldwater - Romney ticket— what a dream ticket that would be. Copyright 1963 State Dept. Steers for Red-Hungary Accord By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Trial balloons, brightly colored pink and yellow, float gently overhead. Scattered shots have failed to bring them down and there is little reason to doubt recurring reports that the Kennedy administration will shortly resume full diplomatic relations with Comrade Janos Kadar's Hungarian government. The first balloon was sent aloft in May 1962, launched by the London Economist. An account in that journal reported a U. S.-Hungarian deal as being in the works in which this country would recognize Hungary, drop its opposition to the seating of the Hungarian UN delegation, and make sure the "Hungarian question" was left off the UN agenda. PREDICTABLY, the report was denied by State Department sources. In December 1962 and Febru­ ary 1963, seven U. S. Senators — four Democrats and three Republicans — wrote to Secretary of State Dean Rusk pleading that there be no change ;in U. S. policy toward Hungary. They were, reports Sen. Tom Dodd, assured "there had been no change in our policy." Yet there had been U. S. diplomats were instructed to mingle socially with Hungarian envoys at the UN. Vice President Lyndon Johnson laid out the red carpet at his Texas ranch for Hungary's UN Ambassador. Acting on orders from Washington, Adlai Stevenson approved a plan in which Australia's Sir Leslie Munro, a steel- hard _ anti-communist, was sacked as Special UN Representative on Hungary. In May, the State Department sent up to Capitol Hill a top- secret memorandum entitled "Report on the Changing Situation in Hungary" in which it was claim­ ed that the Kadar regime no longer operated a Stalinist police state. The report was ridiculed by Hungarian exiles whose pipelines into Hungary remain in working order. ONE MONTH LATER, in June of this year, Ambassador Stevenson laid down a new U. S. policy: We would not oppose seating the Hungarian delegation. Again letters from anxious Congressmen reached Foggy Bottom. On June 18, Assistant Secretary of State Frederick Dutton assured legislators there would be no further changes in U. S. policy. "The Department," he wrote, "has no plans to send a Minister to Budapest at this time." Within a month the situation had changed. No longer was it denied we would send a Minister to Budapest. Dutton referred to Kadar's sweeping amnesty (termed a fraud by exile leaders). He said this country must "utilize all opportunities for maintaining and broadening U. S. contacts with the Hungarians." Shortly thereafter, on Aug. 9, the, New York Times reported from Washington that "normal ties" between Washington and Budapest were about to be instituted. A similar story, obviously leaked from the same source, appeared in the Washington Star the same day. Radio Budapest broadcast to the world: Undersecretary of State Averell Harriman has met three times with communist boss Kadar on resuming normal relations. LATE last month, the country's exiled leaders met in Washington and implored Washington to drop all plans for "normalization" of U. S.-Hungarian relations. They said: "We believe the Hungarian people oppose any such action by the U. S. Government. Should normal diplomatic relations with Hungary be restored, 100 million people still in Communist captivity in Europe will feel that the United States has violated its self-proclaimed devotion to the principle of self-determination. "It will be interpreted that sheer expediency and not dedication to principles determines the policies of the United States. It will stand as an indication that the status quo in East Europe has been recognized by the United States and the Western Powers. It will demoralize the captive peoples and thus weaken an essential deterrent to aggressiveness in Europe." THE STATE Department issued a collective yawn. Similar words —from Senators Lausche, Dodd, Keating, Mundt, Scott, Dominick, and McCarthy — had been heard before. The striped pants boys couldn't care less. ILLINOIS TAX FACTS Study Shows Cities' Revenue Sources SPRINGFIELD — Nearly three- fifths of all general revenue of city governments nationwide came from city- imposed taxes in the fiscal year that ended in 1962, Maurice W. Scott, executive secretary of the Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois, said today. Scott noted that $7.6 billion was the yield from city imposed taxes for this period in a "Summary of City Government Finances in 1962" released last month by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census. Further information in this summary showed that the predominant source continued to be property taxation, supplying $5.6 billion. Other municipal tax "mounts consisted of approximately $844 million from general sales and gross receipts taxes, $456 million from selective sales taxes and $741 million from licenses and miscellaneous other taxes. CITY inter-governmental revenue (money received from Federal, state and other local governments) amounted to $2.6 billion, or about one-fifth of general revenue from all sources. Municipalities received about $2.1 billion from state governments and lesser sums directly from the federal and local governments, mainly counties. General Revenue (revenue excluding utility and employee retirement amounts) was approximately $12.8 billion in fiscal 1962, compared with $12.3 billion the previous year. Total revenues amounted to $16.7 billion, as against $15.8 billion in 1961. City expenditures in 1962 totaled $17.3 billion, as against $16.4 billion in the previous year. The expenditure (spending other than THE MAILBOX Bouncing Checks Editor, Register-Mail: I wonder how many people know what's involved for the small merchant to cash a "rub- Quotes From Today's News (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International LITTLE ROCK, Ai-k.-Eugeno (Bull) Connor, former police commissioner of Birmingham, Ala., advising Little Rock segregationists on selection of hoses to break up civil rights demonstrations: "Don't get the regular hoses. They'll just stand there and look at you and take a bath. Get the high-powered ones, they'll knock a man 60 feet." MIAMI BEACH. Fla. - Secretary of State Dean Rusk, speaking to a convention of American Legionnaires: "The most explosive force in the world today—greater than nuclear energy—is the notion that governments should be derived from the consent of the governed. This notion gives us allies in every country, even behind the Iron Curtain." JACKSON, Miss.-Charles Ray Morgan, a young husband who was standing in line at an Army induction center when word came of President Kennedy's "bachelors only" draft edict: "That's saved by the bell, isn't it?" ber" check. The Chamber of Commerce, or even the banks might very well prepare a brochure pointing out all the trouble caused by this indifference toward credit, other people's feelings or simply honor. Here is how it works, as wo know it: We accept the check as having the cash value indicated. Most people arc severely wounded if we take any precautions. The amount is entered not only as so much cash received, but when depositing it, there is a special entry and endorsement. The bank accepts our deposit and proceeds to give us credit for the amount of the check. Then the check is forwarded to the bank where the customer does business. Now when it is discovered that there is not enough cash to cover the check in the customer's account the process is repeated in reverse. It is always a blow to our pride, to any merchant's feelings, when he finds that someone took advantage of him. He tries his best to have the bank honor the check, but they can render individual customers only so much service. Then it's up to the merchant, who in some cases, already has lost more time than the check was worth. He has adjusted the entry for the day, when the check was accepted. He has informed the bookkeeper of his needs for changing his records. Checking accounts are like a valuable, even dangerous tool. It ought never to be entrusted to anything less than adults. And, people who don't honor credit.are either crooks or immature. — Jobii E. Aakerseu. for utility and employe-retirement purposes) totaled $13.2 billion. PUBLIC SCHOOLS,, in most cities, are administered by independent school districts. However, education takes a larger share, $1.8 billion, of city expenditures than any other functions, even though most of this is spent by a small fraction of municipal governments that directly administer local public schools. City highway expenditures totaled about $1.7 billion, of which almost one-half was capital outlay. The next ranking function, sanitation, accounted for approximately $1.5 billion. Two-fifths of this sum represented capital outlay for sewage disposal and treatment facilities. Police activities cost about $1.4 billion; fire protection amounted to $964 million, and spending for health and hospitals totaled $880 million. The Almanac By United Press International Today is Wednesday, Sept. 11, tin: 254th day of 1963 with 111 to follow. The moon is approaching new phase. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Saturn, Mars and Jupiter. On this day in history: In 1777. Gen. George Washington's troops were defeated by the British at the Battle of Brandywine. In 1945, former Japanese Premier Tojo tried to commit suicide to escape prosecution as a war criminal. REMINISCING FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Sept. 11, 1913 Willis Terry won the Lawrence Cup as a result of winning the golf tournament at Soangetaha Club. Terry defeated R. F. (Dick) Jelliff in the final match. Margaret Evans was named editor of the Budget, Galesburg High School newspaper. of Bygone Times TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Sept. 11, 1943 Walter Scott Jr. of Alpha received from his brother, Pvt. James Scott, a Japanese gun, knife and paper money as souvenirs of the Pacific war zone. Miss Dora Belle Dawson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Dora Dawson, 1352 E. Brooks St., flew to Galesburg with her flight instructor, from Warrenton, Va. (Jalesburg lfegfsfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6161 Entered is Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under ^ct of Congress of M-"*h 3. 1879 Dally except Sunday. Ethel Custer SchmJth Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMrER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEK ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mail In our retail trading zone; 1 Vear $10.00 8 Months $3.90 6 Months $ 6.00 1. Month $1.24 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading zon* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months §3.7a 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months (5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Dreaming Answer to Puttf* ACROSS 1 Is inattentive 5 Languor 8 Drowse 12 Contest (Gr.) 13 Mistake 14 Place of delight 15 Night music 17 Charge 18 At this 19 Book size 21 Russia (ab.) 22 Vase 23 Pony 26 Day dream 30 Not yet up 31 Fish 32 Silkworm 33 Legume 34 Ridicule 35 Squirrel fur 36 Depart 38 Harrow-like formation (n 39 Malevolent 40 Dance step 8 Hydrocarbon 9 Repute 10 Gusto 11 Within (comb, form) 16 Nautical (ab.) 20 Asiatic mongoose 23 Yawn 24 Male nickname 25 Trim 26 Destruction 27 Erect 28 Flower 29 Ireland 31 Evening 34 High 35 Evensongs 37 Theatre district 45 Enoqgh 38 Tough • 40 Soiree 41 Book of BiWe 42 Branch (rare) 46 Biblical mountain 47 Waste allowance The Siamese cat was first imported to England in 1884 and reached the United States in 1895. Breeders have been unable to get rid of such characteristics as crossed eyes and kinky tails, although they have produced several breeds of long-haired Siamese through crossing with Persians and inbreeding. Young Siamese kittens are white. measure 48 Loamy earth 49 Flower raiser 51 Neglect 52 Strike 53 Mantle 54 Utah flower 55 Attempt 56Bat(var.) DOWN 1 American versifier 2 S-shaped molding 3 Beetle (var.) 4 Scorned 5 English poet 6 Earth (dial.) 7 Often 1 2 3 5 6 8 9 TO­ TT 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 | w i\ 8 24 58 1 ST W 30 m 33 1 _ ssF 36 ' I 41 42 43 4* IT 48 w $1 52 T 54 55 r ii NEWSPAPER vmrnmnmrn \

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