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EXCESS FAT ON HOGS COSTS FARMER LOSS IN FEED LOT WHAT THE IOWA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION FOUND OUT ABOUT MEAT-TYPE HOGS Weight and excessive finish aren't the only contributors to high lord yields. We conducted comparative total lard yield tests between meaty type hogs and fat type hogs at the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station. The entire carcass of each type was ground and the fat rendered out. A 212-pound extreme meaty type pig had a fat yield of nearly 30 percent compared with a 51-percent fat yield from a 196-pound extreme fat type pig. This test revealed that there's a lor of fat inside the cuts from fat type animals. These fat cuts lose customers for pork. Lean cuts from meat type pigs win friends for pork. A meat type pig is well balanced, heavily muscled, well developed in the ham and loin, firm in flesh, trim of underline and jowl and carries enough finish to produce firm, high-quality pork and to yield well. It has sufficient carcass length but isn't extreme in this regard-29 to 31 inches from a 200- to 230-pound hog. No one plan of production or breed can be prescribed to produce a meat type hog. Purebreds selected for desirable carcass qualities provide one avenue. The commerical producer may get desired results faster by adopting a rotational crossbreeding program. Crossing lard breeds with bacon breeds, or with selected inbreds or cross-lines, once each 3 or 4 years is a desirable plan. BIGGER PROFITS with BETTER PORK AMES—Iowa farmers are putting excess fat on hogs at a loss in the feecllot, William Zmolek, Iowa State College extension livestock marketing specialist said Thursday. The low market price of lard makes excess fat a depressing factor on the live hog market, Zmolek pointed out. Yet farmers are using about one-fourth of their hog feed to produce fat. In 19f)4, he said, the unrendered fat in American hogs totaled 2.8 billion pounds, compared to only 8.9 billion pounds of pork meat. Farmer's can't afford to keep on feeding for this excess fat. The low price of lard makes it worth less lhan the feed it takes to produce it. Zmolek said the only fat that is profitable now on a hog is the percentage of fat normally needed in rntat to produce high- quality pork. The excess above ihat amount is fat the farmer can't afford to feed. Overfat pork is associated in the consumer's mind with lower quality meat. The trend away from fat meats has been going on for about 50 years in this country. The American consumer spent 3.2 per cent of his spendable income for pork in 1920 and only 2.5 per cent for beef. By 1954 the percentage had shifted to 2.8 per cent for beef and only 2 per cent for pork. To meet the competition of other meats. Zmolek said, pork must become a more uniform and high-quality product. While many factors contribute to quality, the farmers must particulaily recognize the consumer's tendency to a.-sociate excess fat with low quality. This excess fat is holding :lown the market price of all hogs. Zmolek scid. , Note extreme backfat thickness and heavy belly or bacon side in "too fat" carcass. "Desirable" carcass will yield more red meal. Note extreme difference in ham?. Cuts from "desirable" will win customers. PREMIUM PRICES PAID FOR ME AT-TYPE HOGS WESTERN BUYERS MEAT TYPE FRIDAY IS M-DAY PREMIUM PRICES SEE US FIRST CALL 107-ALGONA. WE'LL COME TO YOUR FARM, TELL YOU YOUR AMOUNT OF PREMIUM FOR DELIVERY TO US ON FRIDAYS We Supply Over 200 Packers In The United States With Hogs. When You Sell Through Western Buyers You Thus Have A Chance To Get The Best Possible Market Price WESTERN BUYERS Phone 107 Your Best Market Algonp, la. aisotta Upper Be* jiomes; ALGONA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1955 VOL. 92 - NO. 28 College Students Home, Give Views On Higher Education Wesley Group To Hold Card Party Wesley—The Catholic Missionary Society met July 6, with Mrs 'Marie Doughan and her sister, JVTrs Mildred Arndorfer as hostesses. The Society U sponsoring a public card party to be held in the St. Joseph's parish hull VVed- nesday afternoon. July 20. Bridge and Five Hundred will be played and lunch will be served. Mrs M;ine Bleich, Mrs Mywin Dimond. Mrs Bill Goetx. and Minnie Funimel are committee-women. BURNS FATAL Burns received while watching a bonfire proved fatal tn two year old Garnet Zimmerman, ut Giand River. Her brother, Jimmy. 9. rolled a barrel of anti- free/e Across the fire. The barrel became ignited and as it roiled past Garnet the flames poureci out like a torch. To Wed Bode Man, August 30 ON TOP USED CARS! Mr and Mrs Matt Weydert of AUona announce the engagement and approaching marriage of then daughter. Theresa, to John Golwitzer. Jr.. son of Mr and Mrs John Gulwitzer of Bode. It will be a double wedding, August 30. at St. Cecelia's Catholic Church in Algona. Theresa's sister, Mary | Ann. will marry another Golwit- I /.ei M,n. Clarence, in the same j ceremony. Learning of Study Habits One of Chief Problems Not $775 —but priced at S675 — yes S675 — is this sharp Plymouth four-door sedan, a prime car, a fine family car, a 1951 model pronounced in better lhan average shape. Blue with white top. Has extra good rubber. A "buy" this week at S675 at— KOSSUTH MOTOR CO. Bring the Family and Outfit Them For School Everything At PRICE Shoes, Overshoes, Overalls etc. NOTHING RESERVED CORNER STORE LuVerne, la. Summer brings nut only hot I weatheir. but the return of num- I emus semi-forgotten faces—col-| Ifge and university students | home on vacation for rest, enjoy- | merit, and, oh yes. money. | An Upper Des Moines reporter with a curiosity bump boiling, contacted a cross-section of Algona's college and university stude.nts, and asked them a few pertinent questions, as lifted below. Here they are. and the replies obtained in various interviews: 1. What was the most difficult adjustment you h;id to make, or biggest problem you had to face at college'. 1 2. Do you feel you were prepared for college, through your high school education, in relation to other students in your class? 3. Has going to college helped you in any other way than scholastically -!. Have you any outside activities besides your regular schoolwork" 5. How important do you feel a college education is or will be in the near future 0 Dave Zittritsch, son of Mr an.l Mrs Eugene Zittritsch. is a junior EnglJsh student at Iowa State- Teachers College. He stated that his greate.-t problem was that of adjusting to the "less class room and more outside work principle" of college. He believed that his high school education prepared him better than most other college -tuden's. and that this wa? especially noticeable in the biological and English fields. Dave lived in a room with five other men in his first semester, and said that helped him socially it not mentally. Be.-ides his regular schoolwork. Dave is a ber of the Newman club, and the Knights of the Circle, an off- campus social organization. For Dave the importance of a college education lies in the fact that educational standard* for WIN WEATHER! with Westinghouse ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS BEECHER LANE is giving away these valuable prizes to local winners: Westinghouse Radio • Westinghouse Fan Westinghouse Toaster • Westinghouse Iron ..'inenl are going up. Iff! plans to be a teacher, and expresses great confidence in wages going up. Jackie VanderWaal, ..daughter of Mr and Mrs M. L. VanderWaal. i< a Sophomore English student, at Iowa State T»acht>is Collier-. She stated that most of her problems stemmed from having to do eveiythmg on IVT own, "without that old parental guidence." She believed that theme writing was not stressed enough i i high school, but felt that she was- otherwise well prepared for college. Learning community living was a very important sideline to college for JacKie. She is |ire--ii dent of the Freshman-Sophomore I Honor Society and serves on the j A. W. S. Committee, which is the governing body for I. S. T. C. j women on campus. She tell that j with increasing employment opportunities being directed to- waids women, the importance of a college education cannot, lie over-stressed. Judy McMahon, daughter of Mr and Mrs Roy McMahon. is a junior clietectics student at Iowa State. She believed that the greatest problem of college was that of being exposed to a higher competitive environment. She felt that she had been well prepared for college. She stated that "having close contact with different types of people was educational its well as enjoyable." She is a member of U"Ha Delta Delta social somrity. and served on the VEISHEA committee. Judy believes that with tin.- heavy emphases that society is plating on specialization, a college education is of great importance. She . '.vent on to say that such educa- iiiern- j ti,.,n should be of value even in the everyday trials of life. Don Elbert, M>n of Mr and Mrs Ralph Elbert, is a sophomore mechanical engineer student at Johns Hopkins University, in Baltimore. He had two adjustment problems, learning proper study habits, and getting used to tht? seafood that was used for most meals in the dormitory. He ! found that the college prepared- i ness of the students coming out of Eastern high schools and Prep (college p r e p a r a t o r y) high schools was much greater than the mid western boys, especially in the higher mathematics field. Don is a member of Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity. He believes that a college education i.-i of a great necessity, and that with the increasing percentage of high school students going to college the standard four year college education may be inadequate, with the big jobs going only to holders of advanced degrees. Phil Kohlhaas, son of Mr and Mrs Philip Kohlhaas, is a senior radio and T.V. speech stu-dent at Iowa University. He thought his greatest problem was that of adjusting to the large class size and lack of individual aid. He said that he felt he was better prepared than the average student, especially in English. He believes that if high, .school had been a little tougher the first year of college wouldn't bo so i hard. He is a member of Phi IT'S EASY TO ENTER THIS LOCAL CONTEST - Just Stop in at Beecher Lane Appliances and ask for the Westinghouse "Win with the Weather" contest entry blank. Guess the temperature at Beecher's Store on Aug. 7 at 2:30 p.m. The first entry blank received with the correct temperature will be declared the first winner. Winner will have choice of the four prizes. Three succeeding winners will also be given balance of prizes, according to when their entry was turned in. REMEMBER ! The FIRST Four Correct Answers Win SO HURRY IN! < ^. I YOU CAN ALSO ENTER THE NATIONAL CONTEST TO | WIN A WESTINGHOUSE ROOM AIR CONDITIONER ! \ Entry blanks for this contest can also be had by stopping in at Beecher's. j Gamma Delta soci fraternity. Beecher Lane 77| APPLIANCES Across From Algona Theatre and .-ervvi as publicity chairman for the Hawkeye Pep Club. Ho believes that the experience of meeting different people with different ideas is as valuable as his schola.-tic education. As for tht? importance of a college education Phil says, "A high school education is fast becoming inadequate in relation to the commumcation- al and technological advancements of ,,ur society." If the.-' 1 are a good example of college students iiiif can set 1 that the younger generation is thinking .1 little, and keeping an e>'2 on the future. So if you notice a yout'tuul face you have not seen for quite a while, it is a pretty good bet t.'iat he has been away to college, "That, fountain of knowledge, where one goes to drink." Titonka Soldier Now In Germany 9TH DIV., GERMANY — Pvt. Ronald L. NV-l.-on, 19. i-on of Mr mid Mrs M. 11. Nelson, Route 1, Titonka. Iowa, recently arrived in Germany and is now a member ut the 9th Infantry Division. As part of the U. S. Sevetitri Army, the 9th Division conducts rigorous training cxurci.-^, including realistic maneuvers arid Held piobiema, in southern Gei- m<i!iv. Private Nelson, a radio repairman, entered the Army in November 1954 and was lait stationed at Fort Sill, Okla. He i.s a 1953 graduate of Buffalo Consolidated hJgh school.