Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 9, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, September 9, 1963
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4 Gofesbura Register-Maif, Goleskirs, 111, Mon,, Sept. 9, 1963 "I Can Play Them All!" EDITORIAL Comment and Review The Pressure's On Even at the $3.5 billion level approved by the House of Representatives, foreign aid will cost the average American family $70 a year. This is enough to pay a month's average rent, buy a new suit, or meet a car payment. When you read that some officials want the total raised a billion or so, it means that the average family would pay more than $90. President Kennedy, when he was in Congress, correctly asserted that it was impossible for American taxpayers to make all the people in the world prosperous. The world can't become rich on what we can spare, and even if all of America's income were distributed around the globe, living standards in most places would still be miserable. Americans are charitable, but they have become aware that relatively little of their foreign aid tax money helps other peoples much. Indonesia's -starving millions didn't benefit when we made an "emergency loan" to help their economy—but their government bought a covey of passenger jet airplanes. We have financed prestige national airlines for nations which have trouble producing a quali­ fied chauffeur, let alone a single jet pilot. The airlines lose money, and the toiling populations haven't a chance of even getting a ride. Our people are weary of the reasons given for the loans and grants. If a nation is friendly, that's a given reason; but if it's indifferent or hostile, our officials deem that to be a reason, too. Our steel industry is raising $1.1 billion for a single year's improvements, but we are told that we must lend the Indian government $1 billion for steel expansion because they can't get private capital. Why can't they? Their laws and regulations upon business, plus the political decision that the mill should be in an apparently uneconomical site, forbid prudent men from putting up their money. So our government proposes to use your money instead. That steel mill would cost the average American family more than $20. The failings of our foreign aid administration have been anything but trivial. If spending is confined to those programs and projects which make a minimum of sense, $3.5 billion should see us through handsomely. The Whole Tooth It has been determined by closer scrutiny that Caroline actually wasn't kissing her father's hand in that famous picture of her and the President. She was biting it. This is just a word of comfort to Caroline, in case she is contrite. She was doing only what a good many recipients of U.S. foreign aid have been doing when she bit the hand that feeds her. Relax, Caroline, and keep right on biting. It seems to work just fine. Your Shrinking Money Inflation, they say, is on the way out. But don't send flowers just yet. Inflation has cost you about 33 cents on the buck during the past 10 years. To be exact, the National Industrial Conference Board reports that between 1952 and 1962 Americans' disposable income — the money in your pocket after taxes are paid — jumped by $146 billion, from $239 billion to $358 billion. But inflation ate away nearly one-third of the increase—$46 billion. Though a few voices are raised from time to time against overemphasis on certain tribal goals set up for our youth—early dating, premature maturity, life-and-death interest in high school sports, personal popularity—it is likely that this is the American way and that the heretic—the bookish introvert—will never be more than tolerated by his less bookish schoolmates or their parents. Be that as it may, the "oddball" has his uses and ought not merely to be tolerated but encouraged in his daydreaming tendencies. The quiet, withdrawn child not only won't nec- Let 'em Daydream essarily grow up to be antisocial or schizophrenic, he may even be of great value to society. That is the opinion of psychologist Nathaniel Wagner of the University of Washington, as quoted by the Health Bulletin. He gives an illustration: "If certain people had got hold of Albert Einstein as a child, he would never have developed the theory of relativity. They would have thought there was something wrong with the kid who sat around thinking so much." Foreign Aid Bill's Course Is Like Re • run on TV By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)—All the pressure which President Kennedy is now applying to have the Senate restore House cuts on his foreign aid authorization is under* standable from his point of view. But it is a performance that is becoming a little old hat. Regardless of whether there is a Republican or a Democrat in the White House, the script for this tired, end-of-season summer theater goes about like this: Scene I— President sends Congress multlbillion dollar message. Scene IT— House cuts authorization about a billion dollars. Scene III— President, Cabinet and aid officials scream, "Mur- d-cr." Scene IV— S e n a t e restores most of cut. Compromises with House. Scene V— President, Cabinet and aid officials accept verdict. The final curtain descends with everybody smiling, holding hands and bowing thanks for the applause on a job well done. Somehow the aid officials skimp by on what they get. The receiving nations also skimp by on what they get. Statistical support for this plot is shown by a tabulation of foreign aid authorization, appropriations and net cuts in two presidents' original aid requests for 10 years: Nobody can predict accurately what the final figure and cut will be for the current fiscal year. But on the record of past performances it will be in the $600 million to $1.1 billion range. THERE IS a certain amount of politics mixed in with this international do-goodism, too. The President didn't help his own cause by calling the House authorization cut, "shortsighted, ir« responsible and dangerous." He compounded the error by (All figures in rounded billions of dollars) Authoriza­ Appropria­ cal Year Request tion tion Net Cut 1955 $3.5 $3.4 $2.7 $0,800 1956 3.5 3.2 2.7 0.800 J 957 4.8 4.1 3.7 1.0 1958 3.8 3.3 2.7 1.0 1959 3.9 3.6 3.3 .600 19fi0 3.9 3.5 3.2 .700 1961 4.8 4.1 3.7 .700 1962 4.7 4.2 3.9 .600 3963 4.9 4.7 3.9 1.0 1964 4.0 3.5 putting all the blame on "a shocking and thoughtless partisan attack by the Republican leadership." And he struck out when he boasted that, as a senator "I recall during my eight years in the Senate from 1953 to 1960, consistently supporting requests which Gen. Eisenhower made as President." It didn't take the Republicans long to check the record and discover that in six of those eight years, Kennedy had voted to cut or had been absent — campaigning for the presidential nomination — when foreign aid funds were being considered. THE KENNEDY Administration fully realizes that it needs bipartisan support to get its foreign aid and a lot of other bills passed by Congress. There were 66 Democrats voting with 156 Republicans in the House to cut the President's $4 billion foreign aid request to a $3.5 billion authorization. If there is one thing that seems to anger the GOP Congressional leadership more than anything else, it is the President's apparent ingratitude or lack of appreciation for the Republican support he has had in getting foreign aid appropriations through Congress with minimal cuts. This came up in the 1962 elections when Kennedy went into Illinois to campaign against Senate minority leader Everett M. Dirksen, into Indiana to campaign against House minority leader Charles A. Halleck, into Minnesota to campaign against Rep. Walter Judd, a real bipartisan on foreign affairs. Judd was defeated. Dirkscn and Halleck won. But they still remember with some bitterness that the President didn't do them the courtesy of at least not campaigning actively against them. It may cost him a few hundred million dollars on his foreign aid program now. Blame JFK Falsehoods on His Speech Writers Another Film Festival "No prizes and no bikinis" is the watchword at the first annual New York Film Festival opening at Lincoln Center and the Museum of Modern Ait on Tuesday, Sept. 10. In all other respects the festival is expected to equal or top the Cannes and Venice celluloidal fetes. Of the 21 feature pictures to be shown at JJneoln Center, three will be presented to the public for the first time. The premieres are pavid Susskind's production of "All the Way Home," which in its stage form won the 1961 pulitizer prize for Tad Mosel; "Magnet of Pawn," a French-Italian coproduction; and •'Rogopag," also a coproduction. Other films will represent the best shown at international festivals this year. During the 10 -day event the Museum of Matero Art will be showing 10 moving pic­ tures of the recent past which for one reason or another have never been shown before in the United States. Both at the Center and the Museum, New York Stale has been willing to waive censorship. At the request of August Heckscher, former White House consultant on the arts, who is chairman of the festival's sponsoring committee, U. S. customs officials have agreed to admit films without inspection. The festival will be non-competitive, with no juries or prizes. Foreign stars and directors are among the invited guests. But few hangers-on are expected, and there will be precious little opportunity for the kind of public chest-baring that starlets delight in at Cannes and elsewhere on the international film festival circuit. 4 By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - I am grateful to Bob Wilson, ever-alert chairman of the House Republican Campaign Committee. In a recent column I noted that White House ghost writers have become a little sloppy. They turned out one speech advocating ratification of the partial nuclear test ban in which President Kennedy revealed he had ordered 97 underground nuclear tests during the past two years. Correct figure: 58. SHORTLY thereafter, the Chief Executive unleashed a blistering attack on those "shortsighted" Republicans who were responsible for lopping off $585 million from his foreign aid request. In that statement, the President claimed to have consistently supported foreign aid during his eight years in the U. S. Sen­ ate. The record, again, says otherwise. On numerous occasions, the Senator voted to chop large amounts from the Eisenhower requests. On other key votes, Kennedy was nowhere to be found. Now Rep. Wilson brings to my attention a few more instances in which the President has altered facts to suit his purpose. The most recent are found in Kennedy's attack on Republicans for allegedly sabotaging the foreign aid bill. What the President did not say was this: The sabotage was carried out by 66 Democrats, most of them Southerners, who voted with the GOP to apply the axe. Among them were seven veteran chairmen of House committees. These Democratic leaders included Clarence Cannon (Appropriations); Omar Burleson (Administration); Oren Harris (Interstate and Foreign Com­ merce); Wilbur Mills (Ways and Means); John McMillan (District of Columbia); Howard Smith (Rules); and Olin Teague (Veterans Affairs). IN THAT same speech, the President said the House cut would halt any new development loans to Iran, Greece, Thailand or any other country "on the rim of the communist empire." The truth is the President himself decides how to allocate his foreign aid funds. He may, in fact, sharply increase funds for the above-named nations — if he knocks off the gravy train left- leaning neutrals and outright communist states. The Republicans, said Kennedy, had been "irresponsible and dangerously partisan." He called for bipartisan support of the foreign aid measure. The fact is that Kennedy's plea for bipartisan support was hollow. Not once this session has Rep. John Byrnes, chairman of the House GOP Policy Committee, been asked for his views on foreign policy. What Kennedy did not mention was that GOP leaders saved the foreign aid bill from complete defeat. Minority Leader Charles Halleck and other party chiefs helped switch enough votes to give Kennedy the $3.5 billion he otherwise would not have received. Congressman Wilson reminds me of several other cases in which he charges that the President has misstated the facts. ""During his presidential campaign, candidate Kennedy starred in a TV film with an elderly Kentucky man who, JFK said, had used up his life savings of $900 to pay for medical expenses incurred after a hip injury. THE MAN later revealed he had a private health insurance plan that paid for all but $80 of his medical bills. (That figure would have been even less had he rtot insisted on a private hospital room.) Furthermore, the man said he had told Kennedy the whole story before the TV spot was filmed. *On Nov. 4, 1960, candidate Kennedy pledged economy in government, and charged the Eisenhower administration had increased by 106,000 the number of federal employes. Actually, Ike had cut that number by 254,374. *On Aug. 1, 1962, the President told reporters he had kept his campaign promise to get America moving. He said the Standard and Poor level of stock prices had increased 5 points since he took office. The fact: It had decreased 2 points, to 57.9. Copyright 1963 Even the Radicals Start Balking at Welfarism By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN EVERY DAY NOW the evidence accumulates that the Goldwater movement is outpacing the desires of Republican politicians to confine it to the point where it can be headed off. Goldwater has manifestly become the beneficiary of some deep-running tides. And when and if the Arizona Senator does finally achieve "mandate" status within his own party, it will be because of a revulsion against the compulsory features of the Welfare State that is becoming more and more pronounced all over the western world. The trend agahist compulsory welfarism extends far beyond party considerations. When a neo- socialist intellectual such as living Kristol writes in Harper's Magazine that "I can hardly pick up a newspaper these days without my anti-bureaucratic nerve being given a shock," it has no bearing in itself on possible election day statistics. Kristol would assuredly vote against Goldwater anyway. But when the man goes on to say that "after years of experience with New York's subway system, I am not at all averse to seeing it owned and operated by General Motors," it is a sign Quotes From Today's News (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International BEAUMONT, Tex. — The Rev. William Oliver III, a white minister with an all-Negro congregation, discussing the church's part in the civil rights struggle: "One of the dangers we face in the church is a kind of dry rot — through making pious pronouncements and failing to take any action." that the State Welfarist faith has been fatally sapped. If the intellectuals will no longer defend compulsory welfarism, it means that the tides of fashion will be soon flowing in an individualist direction. Kristol's defection means that people he has never heard of will be voting for Goldwatei* or another conservative. THE FACT that there is an anti- compulsion tide is rather definitely proved by a poll taken recently in England by an organization known as Mass Observation for the Institute of Economic Affairs, Limited. Using Gallup techniques, the Mass Observation pollsters sought to determine attitudes toward compulsory State Welfarism in the three services of education, health, and pensions. The questionnaire about preferences was submitted to a broad spectrum of Conservatives, Liberals and Laborites, with results that seemed to cut across both class and party affiliations. What has surprised the British politicians, both Conservative and Labor, is that the interest in maintaining and increasing the scope of private services is so decidedly general. Assuming that the Mass Observation cross-section constitutes an accurate sample of the population, more than half the people in Britain would like to have a free choice in "personal s e 1 e c t i on" of doctors, schools, and pension insurance. The questionnaire uncovered a deep interest in the old British idea of "contracting out." This would be facilitated by allowing the taxpayer to receive his due portion of education and health vouchers, cashable at choice for services without regard to their public or private origin. The family with a health voucher might elect to continue with the doctor's panel provided by the National Health Service. But if the family preferred a private doctor, or a private bed in a private hospital, the State voucher, paid for out of taxes, would be just as good as money in giving the family its choice. THE IDEA of educational vouch. ers has been suggested in the United States by economist Milton Friedman of the University of Chicago. It has been taken up by Barry Goldwater as a feasible way of providing federal aid to education without incurring the risk of federal interference in local school or college politics. The voucher idea, applied to social security, would enable individuals to choose at will between federal old-age assistance or private insurance. Since the voucher idea has been offered in America by Right Wingers, it has had little fashionable support among the intellectuals who have set the tone for wel­ farism for three decades. But if more than half the people in Britain support voucher choice, which would effectively end the State monopoly of health, education, and pension facilities, the idea is sure to take on more fashionable overtones on this side of the ocean. We like ideas that come to us with a foreign cachet. And an Irving Kristol, who is ready to turn the New York City subway system over to General Motors on the ground that it would be "a lot easier for the city to regulate GM than it is for me to regulate New York City," could hardly oppose the extension of the free choice voucher idea to health and education fields. THE WESTERN WORLD is not ready to dispense with government aid to the unfortunate. But a tide is demonstrably setting in against compelling everybody to depend on the government for welfare services. Goldwater is one of the first of our important political figures to realize that the idea of "contracting out" offers a way of maintaining both the independence and the security of society. If he keeps plugging the issue he could be well on his way to the White House. Copyright 1963 Cjalesburg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street. Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Poat Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of M.-iroh 3. 1870. Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy Associate ISdltor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU 07 CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year (10.00 S Months S3JO 6 Months S 6.00 1 Month 11.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. Ey Carrier in retail trading tons outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missour) and by motor routs in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months |3.7I 6 Months i 7.00 1 Month fl.25 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months 85.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month 12.00 Crossword Puzzzle Composers Answer to Previous Puzzle REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO LOS ANGELES - Billy Graham, the evangelist, ending his crusade in California: "We Americans do not realize how unimpressed the rest of the world is by our materialism." HAVANA — Cuban Premier Fidel Castro, discussing America's first family at a news conference: "There are no more Kennedy officials (in the U. S. government) because there are no more brothers." Monday, Sept. 8, 1913 An East Galesburg street car was derailed at the corner of Seminary and Main streets. Traffic was tied up for a considerable length of time. To prepare for the coal season, the Burlington Railroad purchased 3 ,000 new coal cars from the Haskell-Barker Car Co. of Michigan City, Ind. Tuesday, Sept. 9, 1913 Stronger fidelity to c hurch vows was urged by Rev. C. M. Olander in a short address given at the reunion of the confirmation classes of Trinity Lutheran Church. After having had extensive improvements made on the store, J. L. Jarl announced the opening of Jarl's Clothes Shop. ACROSS 1 "Aida" composer 6 "Lohengrin" composer 12 Perfect 13 Come 14 Tangles 16 Frustrated 17 Deserve „ rain 21 Featured 24 Badly (prefix) 27 Protection 28 Ireland 32 Sports areas S4 Sheol 7 Sprung up 8 Gypsy horse 9 Egyptian river 10 Always 11 Counsel (diaL) 15 Platform 19 Biblical name 22 Droplet 23 Darling 24 Infusion of 26 Annealing oven 29 Loafing 30 Check 31 Anglo-Saxon theow S3 Estonian weight S4Tilt(naut) Now You Know By United Press International National level committees, working for candidates of all parties, reported disbursing more than $25 billion in the 1960 presidential election campaign, according to the World Almanac. TWENTY Wednesday, Sept. 8, 1943 I. B. Rhodes of Chicago, regional director for the USO was in Galesburg and met with a group of representatives of the executive committee of the Service Center No. 1, the county, the city and the Community Chest, to discuss the question of f u t u r e financing of the Center at Cherry and Ferris streets. A total of 78 stars were featured in the motion picture, "Forever and a Day," at the Orpheum Theater. YEARS AGO Thursday, Sept. 9, 1943 Public school enrollment showed a slight decline over last year's. Total enrollment in all public schools in Galesburg was 4,227 as compared to 4,235 a year ago. Dr. J. A. Archer of Western Illinois State Teachers College met with a group of Knox County teachers at the courthouse to organize extension classes. 85 » ScotSsh dopes composer • 38 Irving —-> composer 37 Weight allowance 38 Swiss river 40 Direction 41 Milan opera house 44 Seminary (ab.) 47 Diminutive suffix 48 Selves 52 Gold-colored alloy 54 Til 58 American composer 67 "Carmen* composer 58 Fix a rate 69 Wild goose DOWN 1 Two-jawed holder 2 Feminine name 3 Raise 4 Mends 5 Sick §Wsks 38 Fall Bowers 46 Bryophytic 39 Deed plant 42 Yellow fever 49 Palestine plant mosquito 50 Foretoken 43 Norse pantheon 51 Paving stone 44 Lounge 53 Ester (chem. 45 Love god of suffix) Greece 55 Recede

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