Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 7, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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4 <Sole&buro.,.ftegisJN5r -Mq .i| < . Galesburg, Soturdoy, Sept. 7, 1963 w s> In Calm Before '64 Storm, Dems Rest on Laurels Weekend Review FACING OUR PROBLEMS. A nation or a society which is not able or willing to solve its problems cannot endure. This is as obvious as it is indisputable. America today is assailed from without and within with problems and threats that are perhaps unequaled in its history. It is spending billions of dollars and investing billions of work hours year in and year out to protect itself against the problems from without. Is it doing as much to save itself from the problems from within? The answer has to be "no." The country is torn with internal discord and strife—worker against employer, group against group, race against race. Apparently, we Americans lack the capacity to resolve these conflicts. At least, we have not resolved them.. And this failure is perhaps the gravest national danger of all. * * * TAKE the railroad crisis, for example. This threat to the national economy and welfare should have been met long ago. Machinery to settle it should have been available and put to use as soon as it became apparent that the two sides could not or would not reach an agreement under their own power. Labor-management disputes should never be permitted to endanger the public health, the public safety, the publie welfare, the public economy, or even the public convenience. Yet we have endured and tolerated over the years prolonged work stoppages in newspapers, public utilities, civic services, transportation, and even in schools and hospitals. We seem as a nation and as a society to be strangely and tragically lacking in capacity to settle civil rights issues which have been simmering for more than a century, and which now are boiling. We seem to lack the capacity and even the desire to give and take, to compromise. And without willingness to compromise in honest differences of opinion, any people, any society, any nation, any world is in trouble. * * * TO MANY AMERICANS, "compromise" is a dirty word. It suggests that someone has chickened out. It implies a surrender of principle. It hints of an under-the-table deal, of conniving. Actually, compromise can, and often does, mean just the opposite. It can mean that persons or groups or races with conflicting views have put public welfare above personal pride and prejudice, and have yielded a bit to reach agreement that may save many people acute inconvenience if not actual harm. It is true that Webster defines "compromise" as "a surrender." But he first defines it as "a reciprocal abatement of extreme demands or rights." The key word here is "extreme." It has become standard operating procedure in America for both sides in a dispute to enter bargaining sessions with demands that are obviously extreme and often impractical of attainment The intent, oi course, is to demand the impossible and come away with the acceptable. This strategy may be a trifle devious and Unquestionably time-consuming. But it gets the job done more often than you'd think—IF both parties Involved are willing to compromise. * t * THE DEVICE of compromise is no JoJmny-«wie-lately gimmick. Two Jwadred years ago Edmund Burke, Britain's great statesman and orator, said: "All government—indeed, every human benefit and enjoyment, every virtue and every prudent act—is founded on compromise and barter." He was referring, of course, to honorable compromise and barter. America needs, and needs badly, the capacity to settle its internal conflicts before they get out of hand, as they too frequently do. A good way to help acquire this capacity is for each of us to develop and use a spirit of give and take, a willingness to surrender self-interest in the public interest, to substitute humility for stubborn pride and understanding for prejudice. Even a casual review of the national and international situation will confirm the suspicion that we have no time to lose. # * * LOWER ATLANTIC AIR FARES? United States airlines, with the full support of the U.S. .government, will propose lower trans- Atlantic air fares at the annual meeting of the International Air Transport Association at Salzburg, Austria. For the first time the Civil Aeronautics Board, which on Aug. 30 announced itself as favoring "substantially lower fares," is sending observers to such a meeting. American carriers had opposed a 5 per cent increase in first class air fares for the Atlantic route last May. The Civil Aeronautics Board, which at first supported the American carriers, actually had no real authority in the matter and in any event capitulated, reportedly at the behest of the U.S. State Department. American planes had been threatened with seizure or the loss of landing rights abroad if the fare increase was not put in effect. The Senate Commerce Committee on Aug. 27 approved a bill that would give the CAB positive rate-setting powers, At present the Board has authority only to suspend overseas rates. The committee chairman, Sen. Warren G. Magnuson (D Wash.), calls the bill a "tool" that will give U.S. carriers protection against discriminatory fare adjustments by competing airlines of foreign nations. Bigger planes and sluggish growthfc>f passenger traffic have brought a steady decline in airlines' "passenger load factor"— a percentage figure which represents the ratio of occupied seats to available seats. Most of the 17 foreign trans-Atlantic operators are government-subsidized. With few exceptions, they run deficits. So American airlines operating on the same route suffer not only from keen competition, but from competition which is in a sense highly artificial. U.S. lines are only beginning to recover outlays involved in the switch from reciprocating engines to jets. • * * PAN AMERICAN World Airways will offer at the Salzburg conference its proposal for a new, third-class "thrift" service across the Atlantic at $160 each way. This compares with the present one-way economy ticket at $270, or the §475 one-way first class passage from New York to London ($902.50 round trip). The plan needs the International Air Transport Association's unanimous approval. This will probably be hard to get, not to say impossible, even with the weight of the CAB behind the American lines. But KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Alitalia, Lufthansa and even British Overseas Airways Corporation—which was behind last May's move to raise first- class fares— favor fare reduction. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - Democratic political activity in Washington is now so dead that Sam Brightman, the Democratic National Committee's veteran director of public relations, lias been able to take his family on vacation for the first time in five years. The Republicans are doing all the politicking with their Rockefeller-Goldwater feud, favorite son boomlets, right-wing revolts and lambasting of the Kennedy administration. The feeling around Democratic National Committee headquarters is to relax and enjoy it, believing that it's too early to start taking 1964 politics too seriously. Any feeling of insecurity that individual Democratic congressional candidates for re-election may have at home docs not seem to be reflected in the national outlook. ONE FACTOR seems to be that the Democrats are too sure of themselves, too fat and .contented, too prosperous. For the first time in years, the party is operating in the black, though they play it poor-mouth as they try to raise more. A report by Herbert E. Alexander, director of the Citizens Research Foundation of Princeton, credits President Kennedy with having raised $9,970,000 for the party since his election. When Richard Maguire, the Democrats' national treasurer, made his "financial report" to the National Committee last June, he didn't cite a single dollar figure. No news — meaning that the 1960 deficit was wiped out — was good news. Next meeting has been tentatively scheduled for September or October. If Congress hasn't adjourned by then, there won't be much national Democratic political activity before next year. "The President stirs up the excitement for us," says Stephen P. Smith, the President's brother-in-law, who recently took a job in Democratic National Committee headquarters. Asked if he is a kind of special assistant to National Chairman John M. Bailey, Smith replies, "That's as good a title as any." Smith travels a lot, as does Bailey. They see state chairman, committeemen and local bosses. A LARGE PART of the effort now is on registration drives, lining up voters for this fall's municipal and local elections- political weather vanes for 1964. The concentration is on a dozen states. These include seven of the nine bigger states which Kennedy lost to Nixon in 1960 — California, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, Wisconsin, Kentucky and Tennessee, with a total of 112 electoral votes. The Democrats are also after the six larger states which Kennedy carried — New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Texas, New Jersey and Michigan, with 160 more electoral votes. There are some bad Democratic situations in key states, where old party leaders hang onto power which lets them live Well. And there are always disputes between party factions. There is no Democratic organizing drive to hold the South such as the Republicans are conducting to win it. The Kennedy administration is committed to its civil rights program, and to vigorous enforcement as the best political policy for the long run. There is no "purge" of conservative southern Democrats such as was rumored in the making some months ago. But the end result may be the same. NEITHER IS there any specify effort to answer critics of the President's program. Bailey puts out a statement now and then in reply to some blast from Republican leaders. But there is no Democratic National Committee public relations campaign other than through "The Democrat," a biweekly tabloid. "It's going to be pretty quiet around here until next year," admits Smith, who is a behind- the-scenes worker. Lasky Corrects Historian on Kennedy-Nixon By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN SHOULD HISTORIANS try to make history? Well, a historian is a human being like anyone else, and if he feels a sense of commitment to a cause or a person there is no rule to keep hrm from trying to act on events as well as to describe or analyze them. The historian with a yearning to give history a push, however, takes his chances when he writes campaign literature instead of balanced analysis. When he produced hrs "Kennedy or Nixon: Does It Make Any Difference?" as his contribution to the Democratic campaign of 1960, Prof. Arthur Schlesinger Jr. of Harvard assured himself of a creative role in the Kennedy administration. His creative advice has not always been good; indeed, his affinity for anything that may be described as the "non-communist Left" has resulted in some curious adventures, notably the one that helped persuade the Christian MAILBOX Reading the Future Editor, Register-Mail: Your editorial of 9/5/63 claims that the nuclear test ban treaty with the USSR is "worth a try." Why? What leads you to believe or even hope that the Soviets will not break the Treaty of Moscow at their convenience when they have already broken 50 out of 53 treaties made to date? Lenin wrote years ago that treaties are mere scraps of paper to be discarded at will when they have served their usefulness. Do we need any more evidence of Russian perfidy? If the Russians have now abruptly and truly mended their treacherous ways why can't they demonstrate their good faith by allowing on-site inspection, by pulling down the Berlin wall and by removing their troops and missiles forthwith from Cuba? Is Kennedy's determination to ride roughshod over all opposition to the treaty (Dr. Teller, et el) motivated by a sincere belief that the world is at long last on "the road to peace" or more by his desire to capitalize politically on the public's favorable reaction to the treaty, thus assuring for himself more peaceful "ride" down the "road" to re-election in '64? Cynically, but sincerely. — Morton D. Willculs, Jr., M. D. The Hegister-MaU welcomes considered, temperate, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscribers on current topics of local, regional, state and national interest In the form of letters to the editors. The Register-Mail, however assumes no responsibility for the opinio therein expressed. Because of space limitation letters should not exceed 200 words in length. They will be subject to condensation. Any letters lacking a complete signature or containing libelous or defamatory material will be rejected. No letters can be returned. Quotes From Today's News (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International NEW YORK - Mayor Robert F. Wagner pleading for a peaceful settlement of the dispute between the board of education and the strike-threatening United Federation of Teachers: "There is neither rhyme, reason nor justice in the test of the issues on the basis of force." WASHINGTON — Rep. John W. Byrnes, R-Wis., on the efforts of a businessmen's group to drum up support for President Kennedy's proposed tax cuts: "Many will conclude that this new 'March on Washington' could more appropriately bo called e 'run on the Treasury.' " Democrats of Italy to try their ill-fated "opening to the East." Maybe Italy and the West will survive the mistake, but Pres. Kennedy may not survive Prof. Schlesinger for another and quite inadvertent reason. The reason has to do with Schlesinger's capacity for provoking people. When he wrote his "Kennedy or Nixon: Does It Make Any Difference?" Schlesinger made a lot of people angry because of the book's omissions. One writer, Victor Lasky, was so furious at Schlesinger's "good* guy-bad guy" posing of the personalities involved in the Kennedy-Nixon fight that he set himself a job of refutation that has consumed three years. The result, a massive book called "J. F. K.: The Man and the Myth," published this coming week by Macmillan, should stand as an eternal warning that. synthetic image- making breeds its inevitable come-uppance. Mr. Lasky has destroyed the Schlesinger image of the "noble" Kennedy forever. CURIOUSLY, however, both John F. Kennedy and his father Joseph P. Kennedy emerge from Mr. Lasky's pages as sympathetic and attractive human beings. Father Joe had just as much right to make a fortune as any of the scrabbling Lowells, Lawrences and Cabots had m the late 18th an8 early 19th centuries, and one can only admire the pertinacity and shrewd competitiveness that turned the Kennedys into a moneyed clan. Because of Father Joe's money, son John was able to develop h i s transcendent charm, a charm that is as undeniable as that of many of the latter-day Lowells who turned the original Francis Lowell's textile fortunes to such cultivated ends. Mr. Lasky does not deny the father's financial acumen or the son's attractiveness. But, despite Arthur Schlesinger, he wants the Kennedy record to include everything, beginning with the picture of a young Congressman from Massachusetts who was very similar in many ways to a young Congressman from California named Richard Nixon. The "liberals" have never forgiven Nixon for his original rise to fame as a "liberal" baiter. They still foam at the mouth when they recall Nixon's 1950 campaign for the Senate against the "liberal" Helen Gahagan Douglas. Mr. Lasky recalls a curious Other Editorial Opinion PORTUGAL'S OPENING TO THE SOUTH. Portugal displayed good sense in offering to open its overseas territories to inspection by African independence leaders. The invitation can avert further bloodshed and bring a peaceful, negotiated settlement of differences with Africans inside and outside Angola, Mozambique and Guinea. Riding the crest of the wave of freedom and independence for the black man, the recent Addis Ababa conference dispatched four African foreign ministers to the UN Security Council to deliver this ultimatum: If Portugal refuses to release the three territories, the 32 independent countries of Africa will resort to arms. It was a declaration of an intent to make war, cleverly and ironically couched in the form of a declaration which accused Portugal of "threatening the peace" by refusing to accede to their demands. The Africans were taking the offensive, convinced that right was on their side; that they were justified in resorting to force to gain independence. That's what the American colonies once did, they keep reminding us. The Charter of the United Nations clearly proscribes the use of force, but the African threat to resort to arms, if Portugal took refuge in the Charter to deny independence, won widespread support. It could not be ignored with impunity, and Portugal has recognized this. It is by no means ready to admit the claims of the Africans, but it is willing to let them enter the territories to see for themselves how their fellow men are living. Portugal is confident that its African citizens will declare themselves to be satisfied with the new reforms they have been granted and with their constitutional relationship to Lisbon. If they do, then African nationalists can hardly complain. If they don't, then Portugal must face the consequences — independence, such as Britain, France and Belgium already have granted their African territories. In either case, Portugal is to be complimented for introducing some light in a dark situation. The Union of South Africa would do well to pull its head out of the sands and discover the wisdom of Portugal's move, T - The New York Herald Tribune. THE QUIET FREEDOM. Sunny and cool is the way one observer described both the Washington climate and the mood of the march. Others put it in terms of benevolent orderliness. However you call it, the atmosphere that prevailed is indeed a tribute to the organizers of this vast group, numbering somewhere between 100,000 and 200,000, which quietly converged on the capital Wednesday and as quietly left. Nor should the church leaders, the local police authorities, the military, the Red Cross, all the various volunteers be omitted from praise for the result. And the day's result, while it may not have much. immediate impact on Congress, may well advance the Negro demands for a better economic and social deal. Had it turned out otherwise, at any rate, it is easy to see what a setback it would have been to that cause. Still, all that being granted, thoughtful people may wonder about the principle, practice and precedent of the march on Washington. . . . Lots of individuals and groups have grievances, real, exaggerated or fancied. Shall there be a march on Washington whenever a nation-wide union doesn't get exactly what it wants? Every time farmers have a bad year? We know that precedents exist — the suffragettes, the bonus marchers — but that does not make the procedure a wise one. The very size and success of this week's outpouring establishes almost a new, and in our opinion unsound, precedent. We also know, and certainly we do not question, the right of the people peaceably to assemble to seek redress of their grievances. But there are ways and ways of seeking redress; no man would have dared predict Wednesday's would be peaceable. This nation is based on representative Government, not on Government run by street mobs, disciplined or otherwise. None of this detracts from the discipline and dignity of the actual event, and that tribute belongs not only to the organizers and the guardians but to the marchers themselves. . , , — The Wall Street Journal. qyPwn Present Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my strength, and my redeemer.—Psalms 19:14. * * * The most important thought I ever had was tha'. of my individual responsibility toward God.— Daniel Webster. episode about that campaign. According to Robert W. Richards, chief of the San Diego Union's Washington Bureau, Nixon had in his corner in the fight against Mrs. Douglas no less a person than John F. Kennedy himself. Says Lasky, quoting Richards: "Shock-haired Kennedy strode into the Nixon House offices . . . to see Nixon's confidential secretary privately . . . Pulling the check for $1,000 from his pocket the Boston House member said he wanted to offer it to help out Nixon's campaign against Representative Douglas. He didn't need to spell out to the then Nixon aide that it might be embarrassing if a Democrat member of Congress was known to be giving cash to the campaign of a Republican senatorial candidate." THIS IS just one anecdote from Mr. Lasky's book that portrays the youthful John F. Kennedy as Richard Nixon's spiritual twin. They were once anti-"liberal" Congressmen together; they once made a united front in baiting Reds; they once shared similar feelings about the State Depart­ ment's' role in precipitating catastrophe in China. Because Arthur Schlesinger slid easily around this part of Kennedy's career, Lasky vowed his revenge. He has had it in a book that will be quoted widely. Mr. Lasky's chief objection to the Schlesinger "history" of the pre- Presidential John F. Kennedy is that it made Nixon out to be a careerist and an opportunist, while it sought to establish Kennedy as the young man of principle who had had a real conversion on the road to Damascus. One does not have to contest the genuineness of the Kennedy conversion to note that Nixon, by contrast, has been the more steadfast man. Copyright 1963 REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO v Sunday, Sept. 7, 1913 Albert' Ashley, a driver for House & Campbell Co. in Galesburg, sustained a broken leg and bruises when he was thrown from his wagon which was heavily loaded with ice. The wheels pass­ ed over both his legs. Little Lord Robert, 23, allegedly the smallest comedian in the world—30 inches in height and weighing 35 pounds—presented a show at the Gaiety Theater. TWENTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, Sept. 7, 1943 Lt. L. B. Robbens of Camp Ellis was in Galesburg seeking the cooperation of the merchants and organizations in securing additional furnishings for day and recreation rooms at the camp. Galesburg Fire Chief Earl E. Cratty returned to the city after attending the 70th annual conference of the International Association of Fire Chiefs in Chicago. CJalesburg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mai) Exchange 342-8181 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under \ct of Congress of M ?<Th 3. 1878. Dally except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMPER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP new-: dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year (10.00 S Months 93.50 6 Months S 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading son* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in niinoia, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route In retail trading zone 1 Year $13.00 3 Months f3.7l 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 By mall outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $lb.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 0.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Water Works Answer to Previous puma TgTI ACROSS 1 Body of water 6 Jason's water vehicle 0 Sea 12 Soviet water course 13 Gaseous element 14 Nigerian town 15 Off shooters 17 Watery lowland 18 Puff up 19 Thickness gauges 21 Water bird 23 He travels on water 24 Moccasin 27 Unusual 29 River duck 32 Eluder 84 Make evident . 86 Foreign 87 Incised 88 Discord goddess 89 Oracle 41 Age 42 Sepal (ab.) 44 Bravery 46 More sullen 49 Muse of poetry 63 Cloth measure 54 Squeezing* 66 Epoch 57 Italian city 58 Oriental coins 69 Naval air station (ab.) 60 Legal term 61 African stream DOWN 1 Used by fishermen on water 2 Asiatic inland water 3 Soviet water course 5 Blackbird 6 Gulf oyster 7 Pierce with horns -8 Beginning 8 Allusion 10 German water course 11 Low haunts 16 Narrow tape 20 Ancient language 22 Nostrils 24 Father (FT.) 25 Asservate 26 Negligee jackets 28 Lamprey fisherman 80 Mapje genus 81 Wife of Tyndareus 83 Medicated 35 Modifies 40 Herons 43 Whistled 45 Kind of fund 46 Intend 47 Feminine appellation 48 Gaelic 50 Range ,61 State (ab.) 52 Larissan mountain 55 Observe 1 2 3 4 6 6 7 r- 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26" • 27* 29 ST 31 32 w 39 37 38 • 42 44 W r 46 W 47 "1*1 50* 51 62 46 W 54 56 b/ 59 60 6! 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