Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 7, 1963 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Home Paper af 70 Communities Galesburg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Yellow Mostly Sunny Sunday With High Temperature In the Upper Seventies A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXII — 211 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Gov. Wallace Is Caught in Legal Tangle BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — Gov. George Wallace was caught today in a new legal crossfire over the closing of Alabama schools facing desegregation. Resentment and criticism of Wallace's actions mounted, while he kept secret any plans for continuing the long fight against fed- DIES — Margarita Sierra, 26, a spirited singer and dancer who won acclaim in her native Spain and on American television, died Friday after a heart operation in Hollywood. She starred on the TV series "Surfsidc 6." UNIFAX Peace Corps" Goes to Aid Of Brazilians RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil (AP) —A team of U.S. Peace Corps doctors, nurses and firefighting experts flew to the southern state of Parano today to help battle fires raging through tinder dry pine forests. At least 250 persons are estimated to have perished and 300,000 others lost their homes, according to reports reaching here. Divert Ships The U.S. embassy said U.S. Navy ships participating in maneuvers would be diverted to the Parana port of Paranagua with medical supplies and equipment. The Peace Corps team was headed by U.S. embassy counselor Gordon Mein. The team carried medical supplies and blood plasma. Officials in the state capital of Curitiba reported that about 500 persons have been injured in the fires. A U.S. spokesman said firefighting experts from the United States also would fly to Parana. They will include Nerly Laubem, head of the fire control division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. Exports Dip WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Department of Commerce reported Friday that U.S. exports totaled about $1.8 billion during July, a drop of about 2 per cent from June. Where To Find It Z SECTIONS 18 PAGES Abingdon 11 Amusement 5 Bushnell 5 Churches 6-7 Classified Ads 15-16-17 Comics-TV-Radio 14 Editorial i Food Section 11-12-13 Galva 5 Hospital Notes .- 5 Knoxville 11 Markets 13 Monmouth 8 Obituary 15 Sports 9-10 Weather 2 Women la the News 3 eral court orders Wallace ran into these rapid-fire legal developments Friday: —A federal judge ordered the governor to show why he should not be restrained from interfering with Birmingham schools. Negroes File Suit —Negroes filed suit for an order restraining Wallace from blocking desegregation of four Huntsville schools where state troopers enforced a Wallace closing order Friday. —A federal court hearing was set on a motion by Negro attorneys to force the school board here to reopen the schools which are scheduled to accept five Negroes. First of the court fights is set for Monday when U.S. Dist. Judge H. H. Grooms will consider the request for a restraining order against Wallace. Attorneys for 6-year-old Sonny Hereford, Huntsville Negro, asked Grooms to prohibit Wallace from barring the boy from a white school. Young Hereford and three other Negroes, along with 2,000 white pupils, were turned away from the schools ordered shut down for one day by Wallace. Hearing Wednesday A Wednesday hearing was set by U.S. Dist. Judge Seyboum H. Lynne on a move for an injunction against the Birmingham school board. Negro attorneys asked that the board be ordered to reopen three schools closed after violence here Wednesday night in which one person was killed and 20 hurt. Two Negro boys enrolled at a Birmingham elementary school but have not attended any classes. Three other Negroes are to enter two white high schools. Attorneys for the Negro boys, Dwight and Floyd Armstrong, asked Lynne to issue the show- cause order to Wallace. Lynne set a Thursday hearing. 800 Teeners Are Arrested In Saigon SAIGON (UPI) — Troops and police carted hundreds of screaming, stone - throwing teen - agers from Saigon's high schools off to detention camps today for demonstrating against the gov- ei-nment. Reliable preliminary reports estimated the number of youngsters arrested at about 800, 600 of them girls. They were aged 13 to 18. Three hours after the demonstrations began, police trucks were still carrying students away from five Saigon high schools, and the total number arrested was expected to rise as the day wore on. Are Manhandled Police also broke up a small student demonstration in the central market place, but there were no reports of arrests there. Police manhandled some youths, but no serious injuries were reported. The demonstrators massed in schoolyards and inside buildings at two boys' and three girls' high schools. Police and American- trained "special (counter- guerrilla) forces" troops surrounded the schools and rounded up the demonstrators en masse. Earlier, it was reported that Tran Kim Tuyen, former chief of the government's leading intelligence agency, is being shunted off to the post of consul general in Cairo because he fell into disfavor with Mme. Ngo Dinh Nhu, sister-in-law of President Ngo Dinh Diem. Army Forces In Europe to Be Reduced WASHINGTON (AP) - The Army is expected to bring an armored cavalry regiment — about 3,000 or 4.000 men—back from Europe before the end of the year. This would cut from four to three the number of tank- equipped armored cavalry regiments in West Germany. Their mission is to operate as a screen along the Iron Curtain, to contest any invading Soviet force and delay it until the rest of the U.S. 7th Army and Allied units move into position. During the Berlin crisis buildup nearly two years ago, the United States sent an additional armored cavalry regiment—the 3rd from Ft. Meade, Md.—to Germany. It is not certain whether the 3rd or one of the other regiments will be brought home. Sets Minimum Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara has said repeatedly that the United States does not plan to reduce its combat strength in Europe below a force equivalent to six divisions. The withdrawal of an armored cavalry regiment would leave five divisions, a brigade in Berlin and three armored cavalry regiments. The Army considers three armored cavalry regiments the equivalent of a division. The Army shipped more than 40,000 additional men to build up the 7th Army for an anticipated showdown with the Soviets over Berlin in late 1961. Most were rear area elements. This brought Army strength in Europe to 270,000 men. Return 15,000 Last winter, the Defense Department said about 15,000 of these men had returned to the United States gradually over a period of time. It said there might be "minor personnel adjustments" during this fiscal year. The gold dollar drain has prompted the Defense Department to look for every possible means of cutting down overseas spending. This has included examination of manpower levels abroad. Sen. Richard B. Russell, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, brought up the dollar drain Friday when he asked defense officials about the possibility of bringing back some military men and their dependents from overseas. Russell, a Georgia Democrat, suggested that the ability of an expanding U.S. military airlift to rush troops to Europe in hours might make it possible to cut the big outlays involved in maintaining U.S. forces at many overseas stations. DOUBLE WINNER — Miss Alabama, Judy Short, participating in the Miss America pageant at Atlantic City, where a winner will be selected tonight, has already won in talent competition with her marimba playing and in the swim suit event. UNIFAX Thieves Leave Loan President Holding Bag CHICAGO (UPI) - A savings and loan association president was left holding half the bag Friday. Charles Novak, president of the Western Frederal Savings & Loan Association, was returning to his office after picking up about $8,000 in small bills from a nearby bank. As he walked into the association's entrance, two men grabbed at the paper bag. There was a brief struggle and the robbers ran off with half the bag and half the money. Novak was left with the rest. Agency Says Krebiozen Is Ineffective WASHINGTON (UPI)—The government said today scientific tests showed that the primary element of the controversial drug Krebio­ zen is a chemical agent that was found to be ineffective in treating cancer in animals. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare said its scientists reported the Kbreiozen powder submitted for tests was Creatine—an amino acid derivative found in human blood and in muscle tissues. Called Inexpensive "It (Creatine) is readily available as an inexpensive laboratory chemical," the department said in announcing the results of comprehensive tests. The powder sample was submitted to the Food & Drug Administration last July 12 by Dr. Stevan Durovic, who claimed to have discovered Krebiczen, and Dr. Andrew C. Ivy, Durovic's chief sponsor. The department said a series of scientific tests "leave no doubt as to the identity of the powder Dr. Durovic labeled "Krebiczen." The HEW said the Krebiczen sample was tested by various methods including infra-red photography, spectographic studies, X-rays and crystollographic. Disputes Report The FDA said it was continuing studies to try to find out how much, if any, of this chemical can be dissolved in mineral oil and how much is in the ampules of Krebiozen which the agency has obtained. In Chicago, Durovic told United Press International, "The statement that Krebiozen is the same as Creatine is incorrect. Krebio­ zen is soluble in oil, in fact it is distributed in mineral oil. Cre- aine is not soluble in oil." Power Reveals U.S. Testing Not Completed WASHINGTON (UPI) - Gen. Thomas S. Power, head of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and an outspoken opponent of the nuclear test ban treaty, has disclosed that the United States has "never completely tested any of the nuclear weapons in SAC's arsenal." In closed-door testimony of Aug. 19, released Friday by the Senate preparedness subcommittee, Power said none of the different nuclear weapons in his control "have been tested operationally from stockpile to detonation." "I think this is a mistake" he said. "1 think they should be tested. The only way you can prove a weapon system is to take it out of the stockpile in a random patttrn and let the tactical unit take it out and detonate it ... We have not tested any of the operational warheads in our inventory. That includes the missiles and the bombs." Power's judgment that the limited test ban treaty is "not in the best interest of the United States" and that it should be rejected was made public at the time of his appearance. Against It Anyway But in the testimony released Friday he made it clear that he would oppose the treaty even if test readiness safeguards urged by the Joint Chiefs of Staff are provided. The Joint Chiefs endorsed the pact on this condition Power is the only top current ' military leader to take a firm stand against the treaty. Power also testified that: —The "surest way to cause war, nuclear war or any war, is to disarm." —It is not true that the United States accomplished as much as Russia did in atmospheric nuclear tests. Power said: "I don't agree with that statement. We discovered things, but one of the most important things I think we discovered is the great void in our knowledge." —He thinks the nuclear bal ance would shift in Russia's fa vor if only underground testing is permitted. The United States would lose its advantage in low- yield weapons, and could not "catch up" with the Soviets in high-yield weapons. Enemy Afraid —The reason there has been no war is "disgustingly simple" — U.S. military superiority. Power said this country has maintained its position "not because people like us . , , They are afraid to attack us . . . This is a worthwhile position to maintain." —There are, in his opinion, "too many unknowns" about the survivability of a Minuteman missile silo — hence his plea for freedom to test in the atmosphere. —People who claim the United States nas an "overkill" power in nuclear weapons now "do not necessarily know what they are talking about." Power stressed: "Not every bomb is going to arrive at the target. Many of them will be destroyed on the ground before they are launched. Many will be destroyed by enemy action. Some will be duds." —He is not convinced that the Soviet-China split is a persuasive reason for the treaty. "It could be, but I believe the differences between China and Russia are more or less like the arguments that gangsters have, and they have strong differences even leading to shooting," he said. "But that doesn't necessarily mean they are going to fall out." Painter Survives Fall Off 750-Foot Tower QUINCY, 111. (UPI) - Francis Ray Bohlken usually works with a safety belt. But Friday "I was letting it dangle free from my waist because I was within arm's reach of the corner." It came within a whisker of costing him his life. Bohlken, 22, Slater, Mo., is a painter. He was at work near the top of television station KHQA's 750-foot transmitter tower, slapping red paint on a cross bar. A brisk wind was blowing, causing the tower to sway. "I was leaning over almost upside down," he said. Bohlken was standing on a brace four inches wide, holding onto an upright bar near the corner of the tower and bending at his waist to paint a piece of structural steel near his feet, "There was fresh paint on the brace I stood on. I slipped and fell," he said. Bohlken said, "I had worked on a trampoline. I knew how to maneuver my body. I didn't want to go down there head first." He said he managed to squirm around as he fell and get his body upright. About 25 feet below the spot from where he fell there is a diagonal support. "I hit it first. I guess it broke my fall. Then I grabbed hold of a bar farther down," he said. Takes Half Hour He clung to the bar with both hands and worked his way around to a point where he could descend. It took him a half-hour to get down. Bohlken said he was so shaken by his experience that he "just sat" for another half-hour before going to a hospital. He was treated for a wrenched shoulder, strained chest muscles and face bruises and released. OBJECTS — The wife of Orville E. Hodge, former state auditor who spent over 6 years in prison for embezzling state money, protests the government's charge that they owe almost $3 million in income taxes and penalties. UNIFAX Hodge's Wife Challenges US Tax Claim WASHINGTON (AP)—Mrs. Or- villc E. Hodge has challenged the government's claim that she and her husband, the former Illinois auditor imprisoned for embezzling state funds, owe $2,753,448 in back income taxes and penalties. In a petition filed with the U.S. Tax Court, Mrs. Hodge contends she is not liable for any taxes due in connection with joint returns she said Hodge prepared and filed in 1953, 1954 and 1955. Mrs. Hodge, who is separated rom her husband and lives in Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., said having the taxes and penalties assessed against her is "unwarranted, unjustified, arbitrary, illegal and capricious." The government contends Hodge owes additional taxes and penalties because he diverted $1,397,425 in state funds to his use during the three-year period. He was convicted in 1956 of stealing $600,000. Estimates of the state's loss ran as high as $1.5 million. Since his release from prison Hodge has lived in Granite City where he works as a clerk in a hardware store operated by his sister. He had stayed dVt years in prison before Gov. Otto Kerner ordered his release because of ill health. The government contends Mrs. Hodge is liable for the taxes and penalties because her name is on the joint tax returns filed by lodge. She contends she took m part ia preparing the returns. Opposed by Demos WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate's two leading authorities on military affairs have come out against the nuclear test, ban treaty, indicating that ratification of the pact may be opposed more by Democrats than Republicans. Administration hopes for minimum opposition to the treaty were dimmed Friday by the announcements of two key southern senators that they would vote against it. The Senate takes up the treaty Monday. Both Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., chairman of the armed services committee, and Sen. John C. Stennis, D-Miss, who heads the preparedness subcommittee, said concern over possible military disadvantages of the treaty prompted their decisions. A UPI poll of other members of the armed services committee showed two senators in favor of ratification, three undecided and one undecided by leaning toward ratification. Stands Divided Sens, Stuart Symington, D-Mo., and Stephen M. Young, D-Ohio, were in favor of the treaty: Sens. Sam J. Ervin Jr., D-N. C, Howard W. Cannon, D-Nev., and J. Glenn Bcall, R-Md., said they had not made up their minds yet, though Beall said ho planned to announce his stand next week Sen. Clifford P. Case, R- N. J., said he wanted to hear all the closing arguments on the question before making a final de cision, but added he had heard nothing so far to cause him to vote against the treaty. Stennis' fellow Mississippian, Democrat James O. Eastland, said he also would oppose the treaty, which bans all but underground nuclear tests. But Sen. Herman E. Talmadge, D-Ga., Russell's junior colleague, told United Press International he had not yet made up his mind on the matter. Two other southerners, Sens. J. Strom Thurmond, D-S. C, and Russell B. Long, D-La., also arc expected to oppose the treaty. Long cast the only vote against t in the foreign relations committee but said he reserved the right to change his mind. RETURNS — Another American turncoat, former Sgt. Scott L. Rush, shown in a 1954 photo, has tired of life behind the Bamboo Curtain and today arrived in Hong Kong with his Chinese wife and child. UNIFAX Turncoat Has Regrets Over Defection Father of Ten Is Electrocuted By Power Line RIDGWAY, 111, (UPD-Robert Bullard, 38, Mount Vernon, Ind., was electrocuted near here Friday while working on a power line pole. He was the father of 10 children. Brewers Object MILWAUKEE, Wis. (UPI) Beer has an "image" problem, Henry B. King, New York, president of the U.S. Brewers Association, said Friday. 'Panty raids and beach busts are associated with beer. We want people to think of beer as healthful, family drink," he said. HONG KONG (AP) - Korean war turncoat Scott L. Rush said today he regretted his decision to go to Communist China after the Korean War. "Only God knows why," the 31- ycar-old former U.S. Army sergeant told a news conference. "I made a foolish mistake." Rush, of Marietta, Ohio, arrived from Red China at noon with his Chinese wife and year- old daughter. "I have seen both sides and I think our system will work better," he said. Bad 1958 to 1960 Rush described conditions In Red China from 1958 to the end of 1960 as "hell." He said no Communist regime would have lasted long if things were to remain the same as they were then. He attributed Red China's "hard time" to tho weather and Russian pressure for Korean War debts. Rush said industrialization in Wuhan, central China, where he worked in a textile factory as a lathe operator, was virtually at a standstill for lack of raw materials. He had visited many parts of China. In many factories, he said, production was low. Rush was captured in November 1950 while serving as a combat photographer under the United Nations command. He spent three years in a prisoner of war camp during which, he said, "the Chinese Communists tried to pump communism into me." He decided to go to Red China out of curiosity, Rush said. Private Planes To Practice Air Search in State CHICAGO (UPI) - About 250 privately owned small planes were scheduled to take part in a statewide practice search sponsored by the Air Force this weekend. A spokesman for the Illinois Civil Air Patrol said planes would operate from central headquar* ters at the Illini Airport, Urbana, 111., and at airports in Morris, Moline and Mount Vernon, 111. Patrol members were to try to locate items placed on the ground by Air Force observers. Legion Apparently to Rap Kennedy's Cuban Policies MIAMI BEACH (UPI) - The commander in chief of 2.7 million old soldiers Friday revved up the anticipated American Legion attack on the Kennedy administration's Cuban policy. National Commander James E. Powers of Macon, Ga., a World War II Army lieutenant with a top sergeant's build and bark, set a policy course on the major issues facing the 5th National Legion Convention. tions, a strong economic blockade and other measures short of mill iUiry action can boot Fidel Castro and his Communist followers out of Cuba. Powers, 52, held a news conference as Legionnaires and their families, expected to number 50,000 by Monday night parade time, poured in for the convea- tion. Convention business sessions be> gin Tuesday and run through Thursday. Secretary o fState The Legion. Powers said, feels I Dean Ruik will be the principle that vigorous application of sane-I convention speaker Tuesday night,

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