Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 6, 1963 · Page 15
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 15

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, September 6, 1963
Page 15
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950 Attend Farm Management Tour Turnout Exceeds Best Expectations By ROBERT LeMAY Looking over two methods of farming on a cool, sun* ny day whetted the appetites of some 950 persons who attended the state farm management tour Thursday. Don Teel, Knox County farm adviser, said the crowd exceeded all expectations, and that it was the biggest —— 1 attendance of any farrtt Hog Market Runs Increase During Week USES MODERN BUILDING—This in an interior view of the new hog barn on the King farm near Victoria, one of the stops on the farm management tour Thursday. Just above the round windows on cither side are the feeders which are operated by'a timer. The feed is dumped onto the floor in individual pens where usually 16 hogs are kept. Pens on the right side of the aisle are 15x17 and on the left they are 15x10. Huge fans change the air in the building three times per minute. Gibbs, Curry Run Large Operation to Raise Hogs Some hogs can stand a lot of neighbors, others. cannot. This is an important fact for, Reed Gibbs and J. W. Curry in their livestock raising program. This fact was covered with many others in the farm management tour Thursday which began on the Gibbs-Curry farm near Victoria. It took a lot of traveling to cover the most important points on the 1,452-acre farm, with a complete tour taking about two hours in trucks or on hayracks. Curry acted as chief spokesman for his father-in-law and himself. On this farm a field system is used for farrowing, greatly aided by timber pasture. The sows and pigs remain in the LIGHTNING RODS GEORGE E. OWENS 20 CUcU Drlv*—GaUiburg, III 342-0401 woods until weaning and the pigs are then taken to one of seven confinement feeding floors. In the confinement feeding during the winter months, 100 grams of antibiotics per ton of feed is used, Curry told listeners. The pigs are given 400 grams per ton when starting, but this is soon reduced. Substitute Meat Scraps These men are presently substituting 50 pounds of meat scraps for 700 pounds of bean per ton of feed, but Curry readily admits they are still doing some experimenting with the feeding. Curry said the bedding during the winter months is something of a problem, and their solution is to bed deep then clean it out when needed. The hogs do mess the bedding when on complete feed, he said. In response to a question from the audience, Curry readily admitted that the bedding could not go deeper than the height of his boots. There are no losses from am­ monia in the open sheds duringwill market earlier if a decline Now...SELF-FEED Cattle Proteins and Minerals .. • help them make more profitable use of your pasture and roughage! EACH JfoorJfm Mintrate* Cattle Block Supplies Proteins, Minerals, Vitamin D Each animal adjusts Mintrate consumption to its needs ... to help digest and use pasture, hay, silage, corn stalks or other all-roughage rations most efficiently for Jow-cost gains or maintaining thriftier condition. Saves time and labqr! You feed easy-to-handle Mintrate JJIocks only once every 3, 4, 5 days or less often! VLl* EXPMIN OTHER ADVANTAGES SOON, the winter either, he stated Gibbs and Curry also use the lagoon method of sanitation with three of their barns. Tail Biting Low Curry said that tail biting, the usual difficulty with confinement feeding, is quite negligible in their operations if the mineral and vitamin levels are kept high. Gibbs told the crowd that when a hog is noticed going out of condition (not eating well) the animal is taken out of the pen and put with a smaller group. "They'll really come forward when in a smaller group," Gibbs said, "because some hogs cannot stand 300 noisy neighbors as well as the next one." These two men do their marketing in Galva, and have for three years. "We questioned whether hogs would eat hard- shelled corn at the Chicago terminal after the highly-palatable mixture here," Curry said. The two pointed out that hog raising is their chief venture, and they do not sell until they think the best price is reached. Curry said they may hold until the hogs reach 230-240 pounds, but they is anticipated. Last year they farrowed 453 litters The pork chop dinner was served in a large tent on the Gibbs-Curry farm, and the two men answered questions as the various groups returned from a tour near there. HOGS HAVE NEW QUARTERS—This is one of the pens in the large, modern hog barn on the King farm near Victoria. In the foreground are the slatted floors through which wastes drop into water below. Huge fans pull air across these slats ridding the area of any fumes. The feed is dumped by an automatic feeder on the floor, which Jerry King says avoids waste. (Register- Mail photo by Dale Humphrey.) Facilities Keep Busy All Year Turkey Growers Meet Sept. 10 Illinois turkey growers will hold their annual fall meeting at the Kauffman turkey farm near Waterman Sept. 10. According to Hugh S. Johnson, University of Illinois poultry extension specialist, all turkey growers and those interested in the turkey industry are invited. The Kauffman farm produces about 150,000 turkeys a year and is probably the largest single operation in the state, Johnson pointed out. Tours of the farm and exhibits will start at 10 a.m. At noon visitors will be served a turkey dinner. READ THE WANT ADS! READY TO SERVE—This is part of the serving line in which 1,800 barbecued pork chops were served. An emergency order was placed for 240 more than the 1,600 on band when the unexpected large crowd turned out lor the event. Keith and Jerry King, father and son, are understandably proud of their new hog finishing building, just completed in July. This building was a must on the farm tour Thursday attended by some 900 farmers from this area and as far away as Ken tucky, Iowa, and even Africa. Jerry King says he expects to raise 1,500 hogs per year in the building. Because of an exhausted labor supply and the tendency of the fields on the farm to get mucky when wet, the decision was made to begin this confinement concept in hog raising. King points out that the building is only the second in Illinois. When the pigs are weaned, 16 are put into 5 x 10 foot pens. When the animals become larger and the earlier crop are marketed, then these same 16 are placed in 5 x 17 foot pens. In this manner the same animals are kept together until they reach market. Keeps Heavy Hogs Down Farrowing approximately 40 sows every two months keeps the building occupied at all times, King said. And this helps keep from having a lot of heavy hogs piling up on the farm. Four items in this all-steel building are of particular interest. Two fans, rated at 30,000 cubic feet per minute each, change the air in the building three times per minute. During the summer, side windows are kept open. Then the air sweeps across the slatted floor in each pen where wastes are deposited, is pulled 'inder the floor, routed to the fans ou either end of the building and blown outdoors. During the winter the windows are closed and the cooler air sinks to the floor from ceiling vents and the same process is then repeated. This saves on the animals using a lot of feed just for body heat, King points out. Slatted floors are a new con- I cept in hog raising. King explains I that these animals are actually clean animals, and only wallow in mud because of a poor cooling system. The slatted floors allow the wastes to drop into water beneath the floors, and this water is drained at intervals. The air sweeping across the slats keeps fumes to almost nothing, King says. Limited feeding on the floor is also quite new. A timer operates feeders in each pen, with a measured amount dumped at the proper time. This can be varied by a weight moved on the feeder arm. This method of feeding keeps waste to a minimum, King believes. The animal wastes that fall into the water through the slats are drained into a lagoon, 80x100 feet, directly south of the building about 30 feet. This lagoon will be self-maintaining for many years, King says. Six feet of water will ultimately be held on the east end of the lagoon, and five feet on the west end. Evaporation will keep the water from overflowing. The odors will not bother the home except if the wind is directly "rom the south, which is not very often, King says, or if the day is still and muggy. One large difficulty encountered in this confinement raising is tail biting. Boredom was once figured the cause, but King says experts now believe it may be caused by such things as a strep infection. This method of hog raising benefits can best be explained by King. He says the pens are kept cleaner, better feed conversion will be forthcoming, and leaner carcasses will be the end product. The standard present-day kings, queens, bishops, knights, rooks and pawns of chess came from an 1849 design by Howard Stanton. By 1860, Stanton pieces were in widespread use. 'lb BUSHNELL — Hog prices continued to work lower during the week, as larger numbers arrived at terminals, the Bushnell Stockyards farm service department pointed out in a market summary for the period. The summary follows: Cooler weather and rains in many areas over the Labor Day holidays plus gradually declining hog prices resulted m liberal supplies at most of the markets Tuesday. With one less marketing day this week, receipts are about equal to last week. Prices continue to work lower and despite a few "high" tops at some markets, the bulk of the barrows and gilts are averaging about 50 cents under this time last week. Spreads Appear Buyers arc becoming more selective and wider spreads are beginning to develop in the different weight groups. Packing sows arc also sharing in the decline, however the smooth light offerings are still selling very close to some of the over finished heavier weight butchers. The numbers of packing sows have shown little variation for the past couple of weeks, but smaller supplies of the heavier weights has helped to keep the demand up and these have declined the least. A 2-way trend in cattle marketing is becoming more noticeable as abundant supplies arrived at the markets the first part of this week. Prices were steady to slightly higher on some of the more desirable weights and grades while other classes were weak to lower. It has been pointed out that broiler production is sharply larger than last year and if this trend continues prices should be lower this winter. any tour in the history of the county. One person from Africa attended the event, 34 from near Hen> derson, Ky,, 300 miles as thd crow flics, and 25 from Benton County Iowa, made the jaunt to tour two farms near Victoria. Hundreds of Illinoisans visited the Heed Grbbs and J. W. Curry farm, and the Keith and Jerry King farm. Mclvin Gclhach. fieldman fot the Ohio Valley Farm Analysis Group, led the entourage from Kentucky. This group was organs ized about one year ago in cooperation with the University of Kentucky. Plans Fit Well Gelbach said the men toured east central and central Illinois grain and hog farms Wednesday on the way to Victoria, fn the Henderson area the main crop3 arc beef cattle, hogs and tobacco, consequently the livestock raising programs visited yesterday fitted in nicely with plans, Gelbach said. Average acreage iti this Kentucky area is 684 acres per farm. This is about in the middle of the sizes of the two farms visited. The King farm has 200 acres, and the Gibbs and Curry farm haa 1,452 acres. Gelbach noted as a point of interest that the annual gross sales business per farm in his area is about $55,000. Eldon Hands, Benton County farm agent, led the contingent from Iowa. The farm advisor from Effingham County represented the farthest away county in Illinois, Teel said. Some 1,800 pork chops were barbecued under the watchful eyes of Charles Orcutt, associate- farm adviser, Ken Fuller, assistant farm adviser, and Curt Eisen- maycr. Henderson County farm adviser. A rush order was placed shortly before noon for another 200 chops when the unexpected attendance was noted. Sam McKee, president of the Knox County Swine Improvement Assn., supervised the handling and serving of the food. The planning committee was composed of Farm Bureau Farm Management fieldmen, county farm advisers and the host farm operators. o/ne Qalesburg Register-Mail GALESBURC, ILL., FRIDAY, SEPT. 6, 1963 PAGE 13 LOWEST PRICE EVER PAY CASH — SAVE 10% Picked up at our dock. Meat scraps and bean meal have hit the highest price of the year . . • We have NOT raised our prices. BUTCHERING HOGS AND BEEF 6 DAYS EVERY WEEK. Our expert meat cutters assure yon of getting most cuts from your bee! or bogs. Processed to your Individual family need* and packed in the best plastic coated freezer paper. BUTCHERING CHARGE: BEEF $5, HOGS $2.50 We Use A Dehairing Machine to Give A Packinghouse Job WESTERN ZERO LOCKER "Customer Satisfaction Is Our Aim" DeForest Pride Pig Creep 50 GRAM LEVEL $108.00 AUREOMYCIN Pellets Less 10% $ 10.80 in 50 lb. paper bags. YOU $QT 2 ° Vt ton or ton lots only. PAY w m DeForest Pride Custom 40% FOR PIGS ON PASTURE Pellets in 50 lb. paper bags. Vi Ion or ton lots only. Less 10% YOU PAY $111.00 $ 11.10 $ 99 90 DeForest Pride Custom 35% FOR SOWS AND PIGS Pellets in 50 lb. Us * 10% paper bags. YOU y A ton or ton fats only. PAY $106.00 $ 10.60 *954o DeForest Feed & Seed Do. GAIESBURG, ILLINOIS ABINGDON, IIUNOIS

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