The Index-Journal from Greenwood, South Carolina on December 2, 1983 · Page 9
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The Index-Journal from Greenwood, South Carolina · Page 9

Greenwood, South Carolina
Issue Date:
Friday, December 2, 1983
Page 9
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10 Th lnde-Journl, Greenwood, S C., Frl., Dec. 2, 1983 USC ( Editor's note : Last month the University of South Carolina celebrated 110 years of black presence at the school with a series of special events recognizing the professional and personal achievements of black Carolina graduates. In conjunction with this observance, Ldretta Costello Brown, a founding member of USC's Black .Alumni Caucus and chairman of the 1 10 year celebration committee, compiled this history of ' the black experience at the university. Ms. Brown received a bachelor's degree in government and political science from the university in 1972, and a juris doctorate degree in 1976. The article is ' taken from "Carolinian," the university's alumni publication.) Bv LOR ETTA COSTELLO BROWN The history of black presence at the University of South Carolina is unique in that during Reconstruction it was the only Southern state university to admit students of both races, to grant degrees to blacks and to have a black member of the faculty as the result of a Republican-controlled state legislature. The circumstances were un-parallelled in the history of higher education in America. Henry E. Hayne, who was then South Carolina's secretary of state, holds the distinction of being the first black to enroll at what came to be known as the Radical University in October 1873, according to ' 'The University of South Carolina, Vol. II: College to University," by Carolina history professor Daniel W. Hollis. Hayne's enrollment followed the 1868 state constitution that granted political and civil rights to blacks, established a system of public schools and directed the General Assembly to "provide for the maintenance of the State University." The constitution also stipulated that all of the state's educational institutions supported by public funds should be free and open to all of the state's youth, without regard to race and color. The new state legislature which resulted from the 1868 constitution elected a new board of trustees to the university in 1869 that included two blacks, F.L. Cardoza and Benjamin A. Bozeman, but blacks were not admitted until 1873. The same year Hayne enrolled as a student, four black men were elected to the university's seven-member board of trustees, including Samuel J. Lee, J.A. Bowley, D.A. Swails and W.R. Jer-vay . A Normal School to train teachers for the new public school system also functioned on campus, though it technically was not part of the university, granting certificates rather than egrees. Some members of the Carolina faculty lectured in the Normal School's classes which in 1875-76 boasted an enrollment of 78, all of whom were black. Fifty-one of the students were women. The early beginnings of the FREE CHECKING IF YOU KEEP A MINIMUM BALANCE OF JUST $100.00 IN YOUR CHECKPLUS ACCOUNT. - WE PAY YOU 5' 4 INTEREST - ACCOUNT IS INSURED TO $100,000 - STATEMENTS MAILED MONTHLY - NO MINIMUM BALANCE 60 OR OLDER - DIRECT DEPOSIT PRIVILEGES - EXCELLENT SERVICE MUTUAL Mirft at Court Street H.grav "2 B Pass Vemw t803i 223-8686 MAIN OFiCE -"903." 22 BOANC'j' celebrates 110 years of black presence i rank A Normal School to train teachers for a public school system began operations on the University of South Carolina campus in 1873. These women, pictured on the Radical University were a turbulent time because of the institution's control by a Republican legislature sympathetic to the concerns of emancipated Negroes, and because of the opposition of the Old Guard. Hayne's enrollment caused a stir on campus and led to the departure of some white students, the dismissal of Robert W. Barnwell and the resignation of several faculty members. A new faculty was recruited and later that year, other black students were admitted to the university. By 1876, the student body was about 90 percent black. In a move to increase the enrollment, Secretary of State Cardoza traveled to Howard University in Washington, D.C. to persuade several South Carolinians attending that institution to transfer to Carolina, according to Pamela Mercedes White, writing in her USC master's theses, "Free and Open, The Radical University of South Carolina, 1877-1883." Six undergraduates from Howard came to Columbia on Jan. 10, 1874. These students were met by Prof. Richard T. Greener, the first black graduate of Harvard University and the first black faculty member at Carolina. Greener had come to the university in mid-November 1873 as a professor of mental and moral philosophy. He was the only member of the faculty of the Radical University to merit a sketch in the Dictionary of American Giography. He later served as counsel to Bombay and Vladivostok. While a faculty member. Greener served as acting librarian in 1873, rearranging 27,000 volumes in the library and preparing a comprehensive report on the lib- Norman School students rary for the Federal Bureau of Education. He also enrolled as a student in the university's Department of Law and received his LLB degree in the spring of 1876. Later that year he was admitted to practice law in South Carolina. To ease the teaching load of fellow professors. Greener taught courses other than those contracted for, including Latin, Greek, mathematics and constitutional history. Dr. Hollis notes a "large number" of black leaders in the Palmetto State from 1880-1910 who were alumni of the Radical University, among them : Joseph M. Morris, who became president of Allen University; Thomas E. Miller, president of the State Agricultural and Mechanical College in Orangeburg, who, along with Thomas E. Murray, served in the U.S. House of Representatives; and several others who became members of the General Assembly. William D. Crum was named as collector of the 14. Men's fitted shirt sale! The perfect shirting for today's active lifestyle, now at great savings! Comfort and quality, all cut to fit the proportions of a man. Arrow Brigade fitted dress shirts. . Reg 20.00 to 21 00 Easy-care poly cotton blends in solids and fancies. 14"".- to 16'A. average sleeve length Hennessyfitted sport shirts Reg. 25 00 Poly cotton, single needle tailoring in solids or plaids, s. m l. xl A (V- ivM f p te;25i ml-,: : ': ; M Jr i'if . rfk Wm ' MM t - m i 5.50-o 7,50 Calvin Klein men's briefs steps of Rutledge College that year, probably were students in that school and among the first blacks and females to attend classes on the university campus. Port of Charleston by President Theodore Roosevelt, and T. McCants Stewart, the first black student to receive a degree from the university, became a prominant newspaperman and lawyer who was appointed to the Supreme Court of Liberia. Despite the difficulties that accompanied the first admission of blacks to the university, Ms. White notes that the Radical University "accomplished much" and "served its students well." "As seen in the. careers of FURNITURE WhoUial PrkM Credit or Layaway MattrenStti 'iPrict Spc.WooJ Dinette.. 188. BtdrMaSaib .... 198. Sofas 98. TO FURNITURE HOUSE 122 Maxwell Ave Phone 223-0750 her sons, the Radical University realized a large part of the reformers' dreams of the creation of a perpetual tool in the war against illiteracy, ignorance, despair and human degradation." The university was closed in the spring of 1877 when federal tools were removed from Columbia. From then onward, no blacks appeared in faculty or student roles until September 1963 when Henri Monteith (Turner), Robert Anderson and James Solomon enrolled for the fall lAKrLT uUAAUJ Amy Size Room Steam deep cleaned at ; no extra charge JLL SPECIAL 2231S72 or 2234493 Dm, Wtht TEE rDRXmRE EOOSE meyersarnold Shop Friday 9 to 10 7.99 Geoffrey Been ties, reg 12.50 semester "in peace and with dignity," according to The State newspaper. Though Monteith had filed suit in order to gain entry at the university, a decision was rendered on the issue in an earlier action filed by Harvey Gant at Clemson University. In that case, the court ruled that "no student could be denied admission to a public institution because of race." Monteith and Anderson entered as transfer students while Solomon entered as Ph.D. candidate in mathematics. In 1964, the first black law student, Paul Cash, was admitted, followed by three other black law students in 1965: Jasper Cure-ton, Johnny Lake and I.S. Leevy Johnson. Blacks began joining the university's faculty beginning in January 1968 when Dr. Earline Cunningham came to the Department of Chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley to continue her research in the field of hormone action. Late in 1968 other blacks joined the faculty, in Give a Bulova Quartz to lour Favorite People Tell them you love them, that they're special. ..all the things you mean to say all year long. A Bulova for the Holidays says all that and more. Greenwood's Largest Selection Use our convenient payment plans BULOVA One Great Face Deserves Another nea s'e-ed jewe er Ame can IPMASHK JEWELERS IptoUN firppnwryYl two 69.99 Haggar Sportcoats cluding Dr. James Luck in the Department of English and Dr. Thomas Davis in the Department of Social Work. Creation of the Afro-American Student Association in 1967 served as a forum to address black issues on campus and led to the implementation of several measures, including provision of a black lecture series; step-ped-up recruitment of black faculty, students and student-athletes; establishment of an Office for Minority Student Affairs; initiation of an Afro-American Studies Program; and formation of the first black Greek organization Kappa Alpha Psi, in the fall of 1970, along with 16 other organizations through 1983. An indication of the changes on campus in modern times was evident with the election in the spring of 1971 of Harry L. Walker as the first black president of Student Government. Throughout the rest of the 1970s and into the 1980s, black persence at USC has been characterized by growth and achievement. Gem Society ABDDY locations KIRKSEY DR 10.99 Men's sleeveless sweaters In academics, black students such as Valerie Harris, Merian Smith, Karon Daw-kins and Maurice Campbell excelled. Standout alumni include Dr. Harry Wright, Judge Jasper Cureton, Dr. Harriet McComb, actress Brenda Pressley, artist Larry Lebby, Dr. Ralphael Lee and attorney Dorothy Man-igault. In athletics the names of George Rogers, who won the 1981 Heisman Trophy, basketball star Sheila Foster and Alexander English, a standout in the National Basketball Association, rank among scores of others who distinguished themselves with Gamecock teams. As the involvement and progress of black continued at the university, the Black Alumni Caucus of the Greater USC Alumni Association was formed in January 1980. (See USC, page 11) TYPING-i We re The Experts Fo' any typing computerized vorcl processing answering service copies Dookkepmg oayo 'S and adm services EXECUTIVE SERVICES Pa- p aSut( 2'6229 -TB5 reg 14 00

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