Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 6, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, September 6, 1963
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Galesburg Regjster-MQil, Galesburg, III, Fri,, Sept. 6, 1963 Changing of the Guard v m EDITORIAL Comment and Review Religious Exercises in Schools Despite the insistence of the United Stales Supreme Court that public schools must be "neutral" in religious matters, the fourth "R" in education is by no means a dead issue. As public schools reopen throughout the land it is relevant to note that more than two score bills and resolutions before Congress bear on prayer or Bible reading in public schools. Moreover, school districts or local governments are showing a good deal of independence in reaction to the rulings of the Supreme Court. In the Washington area, most school governing bodies have ordered an end to observances based on readings from the Bible and recitation of the Lord's Prayer. But in Fairfax County across the Potomac the school board by a close vote in late August continued its "permissive" policy which allows but does not require teachers to conduct religious programs. The attorney general of Delaware has ruled that Bible reading can be required in public schools despite the decisions of the high bench. The American Civil Liberties Union is challenging this interpretation. A federal judge in Arizona ruled on Aug. 29 that requiring public school pupils to stand during singing or playing of the National Anthem—with the line, "And this be our motto, 'In God is our trust' "—is unconstitutional. On the same day Gov. Otto Kerner of Illinois vetoed a bill which would have permitted teachers in public schools to lead a daily recitation of four stanzas of the Anthem. Gov. Kerner, a Democrat, said: "Without question the sole purpose of the bill is to use this (fourth) stanza as an instrument for indulging in a collective defiance of the United States Supreme Court because of its reaffirmation of the constitutional principle of separation of Church and State in the 'school prayer* decisions." The Supreme Court repeatedly has recognized a "wall of separation between Church and State" as a creation of the First Amendment. The Court by a 6 -to-l decision in June 1962 struck down New York's 22 -word prayer for public schools. The lone dissenter was Justice Potter Stewart. The majority decision, written by Justice Hugo L. Black, asserted that the constitutional prohibition against laws respecting ,an establishment of religion "must at least mean that in this country it is no part of the business of governn- ment to compose official prayers for any group of the American people to recite as part of a religious program carried on by government." Then last June the Court ruled that it is unconstitutional for any governmental unit to require Bible reading or recitation of the Lord's Prayer. Again Justice Stewart dissented in an 8-to-l division. The Supreme Court's rule on the practice of religion in the schools has been much misunderstood. Justice Clark, who wrote this year's decision, said that it did not mean that the Bible and religion may not be studied in public schools "when presented objectively as part of a secular program of education." Also, the Court as in its 1962 ruling didn't attempt to bar religious exercises that are not prescribed by a creature of government but are conducted by teachers or groups of students on their own. As a practical matter, however, many schools accept the two rulings as an absolute ban on religious exercises in the schools. Some are substituting optional inspirational reading ranging from an excerpt from a speech by former President Eisenhower to verses from Henry Holcomb Bennett's "The Flag." Tribute to the Peace Corps More than 1,200 Peace Corps volunteers are working in 11 Asian countries. Evidently their work is effective, for Asian leaders are honoring them, and another 600 trainees are being prepared for duty in the Far East. When Peace Corps director Sargent Shrivel* went to Manila in late August to receive the Ramon Magsaysay Award for International Understanding, he stood in for all the Americans doing this job. The Manila Evening News placed the tribute on their shoulders: "What millions of dollars in machinery and foodstuffs and other material gifts had failed to accomplish, the Peace Corps workers achieved in less than two years—an understanding with Asian peoples that promises to pass all tests." The corps volunteers labor in nations which stretch in an arc from arid Afghanistan across the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia and the Philippines. Mostly they are teachers, but many assist in health, agriculture and community development programs. Here and there teachers in the corps are placed at important colleges and universities. Generally, however, they are found in second- pry and elementary schools in rural sectors. The Philippines leads all Asian lands, with 474 Peace Corps workers, nearly all of them feesic}jer|, It seems fitting, therefore, that the £war4 to {Shriver in the corps' behalf was created jp, bonor pi the late Philippine President Magsaysay, known throughout Asia and the world for his integrity, humanity and devotion to freedom. Other Asian nations with large contingents are Thailand, with 225; Malaya, 169; India and Pakistan, about 115 each; North Borneo and Sarawak with just under 100 altogether. The corps' development work in the Asian countries includes a wide range of projects, not least flood control and irrigation work and the plotting of roads which will open up vast reaches of trackless jungle on the island of Borneo. Communist cries of "Yankee Go Home" greeted the mere 17 volunteers who came last May to Indonesia to teach physical education. But that country's leaders offered reassurances, and the workers are still there. The award citation to Shriver appeared to sum up much Asian feeling about all this. It said: "In reaffirming the essential community of interest of all ordinary people, regardless of creed or nationality, the Peace Corps volunteers belong to that small but growing fraternity who by their individual efforts do make a difference." Hardly an American at home could be anything but immensely proud that their countrymen's efforts abroad have merited such appreciation. Proposed Tax Changes Affect Everyone's Wallet By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - the best reason for celebrating Labor Day was probably found in the Treasury Department summary on effects of the House Ways and Means Committee's proposed tax cuts for annual incomes of $10,* 000 or under. THESE ARE preliminary estimates. The tax bill has yet to be approved by the full House, then run the gantlet of Senate Finance Committee hearings and Senate passage. But as of now, after seven months of committee wrangling, the main provisions as they will affect your 1964 income look like this: • The largest share of the indi-; vidual income tax cut will go to 85 per cent of the taxpayers who are in the low and middle income groups. Those with incomes of $3 ,000 and less would get tax cuts averaging 40 per cent after two years. Extreme example: Married couple, two dependents, $3,000 income, joint return, standard deduction, now pays $60 taxes. Under the new schedule, this couple would pay no taxes. • Taxpayers with incomes of $3,000 to $5,000 will average a 26 per cent tax cut. A married couple, two dependents, $5,000 income, joint return, standard deduction, now pays $300 taxes. Under the new program, $223. • Taxpayers with $5,000 to $10> 000 annual income will average a 20 per cent tax cut. A married couple, two dependents, $10,000 income, joint return, typical average itemized deductions, now pays $1,196 taxes. Under new program, • Taxpayers with incomes over $10,000 will average a 15 per cent tax cut. They would also benefit from other special provisions applying to all taxpayers. THE MOST important change Is a new minimum standard de­ duction for taxpayers who do not itemize their deductions. It would he $300 for a single taxpayer, $400 for married couples, an extra $100 for those who are blind or over 65 and another $100 for each dependent up to a maximum of $1,000. Deductions of up to 30 per cent of gross income would be allowed for gifts to all publicly supported organizations. Workers forced to move to accept a new job would be able to deduct their moving expenses. There are a few losses for low Income taxpayers, too: State taxes on gasoline, auto licenses, drivers' permits, alcohol and tobacco will no longer be deductible for federal income tax purposes unless they are a business expense. Poll taxes and miscellaneous special state taxes on admissions would no longer be deductible. The only state taxes that would be deductible on federal returns would be those on real estate, state income and general sales taxes. Waiting period before sick pay becomes excludable would be extended to 30 days; $100-a-week limit to remain. A taxpayer who gets medical insurance benefits from more than one policy for the same illness would be required to pay taxes on all payments received above actual illness cost. Deductions for casualty or theft loss on nonbusiness property would be eliminated on the first $100 of such loss. The 4 per cent tax credit on dividend income would be repealed, but the amount of dividends that could be excluded from such tax would be raised from $50 to $100 for each person. ELDERLY TAXPAYERS would get additional tax benefits from the new bill. A single taxpayer over 65 with $2,000 income and standard deduction now pays $120 in taxes. Under the new program it would be $65. A married couple, both over 65, standard deduction, $5,000 income now pays $420 in taxes. Under the new schedules, $29*. The present one per cent floor on deductions for medicines would be eliminated for taxpayers over 65. People over 65 who sell a home owned five years or more would not have to pay capital gains coming from the first $20,000 of the sales price. AMERICA'S FARM families would benefit from the new tax bill largely through general reductions in individual income tax rates. The important thing to bear in mind: none of the proposed changes will have effect on taxes paid on '63 income. First taxpayers to use the new rates will be those who must estimate their 1964 income for the report which has to be filed by March 15, 1964. Sea Food Politics Involves Divers and Reds By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN VINEYARD HAVEN, Mass.— You can't be rn this part of the world for very long before realizing that fish—and sea food in general—are much involved in politics. The Russian fishing fleet, operating off Cape Cod and even bringing ships within the three- mile limit for repairs, provokes complaints from many quarters. The nub of most of the complaints is that the Russian small-mesh net, illegal on American trawlers, catches, everything, from baby haddock to the food fish which the bigger fish need to sustain themselves. Another complaint, which is not something that can be substantiated in default of eye witnesses, is that the Russians must be taking egg-bearing female lobsters along with the males they find in their nets after deep - water dragging. Nets that are towed along the bottom at the edge of the continental shelf pick up everything, and the Russians, to whom lobsters would be a mere by-product of dragging for fin fish, are not bound by convention to release egg-bearing females in order to keep the source of supply at a peak. HAVING a single enemy on whom to vent their displeasure marks an unusual turn for the various factions in lobster politics. For, up to the time the Russians appeared on the horizon, the lobstermen were very much caught up in their own internecine warfare. The lobster civil war began when skin divers started to capture lobsters that might otherwise have gone into the traps set by the pot men. The trappers complained that the skin divers were depleting the supply—and in Maine, where the pot setters had a strong lobby, they succeeded in having a law passed to make skin diving for lobsters illegal. But the drive against the skin divers in Massachusetts failed— and today the skin divers account for about half of the total of 4,000 lobster licenses issued by the Bay State. According to John Hughes, who runs the State Lobster Hatchery on Martha's Vineyard and who presumably knows more about the lobster cycle than any other man Irving, the notion that the skin divers would deplete the total lobster supply was always a phony. The skin diver, he says, had merely invented a new method of capturing part of an existing natural resource—and, provided the egg-bearing females were always returned to the water, the fact that more lobsters were taken by skin divers, and fewer by the pot men, would have no conservationist aspect. (Continued on page 9) Report Paul Robeson in Custody as Red Defector By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Reports from London indicate that Paul Robeson, prominent American leftist, may have been spirited behind the Iron Curtain. For more than a year now, there have been authoritative reports — in the French press and elsewhere — that Robeson was ready to denounce the Communist Party. It was only a few months ago that the Negro singer's wife shot off angry letters to this country's Worker and National Guardian, denying the reports. The letters were postmarked London, where Robeson, who had criticized his American homeland, was receiving treatment for "nervous disorders." Observers found it significant that Robeson's wife, not the fabled singer, had signed the letters. Robeson left London last week under circumstances that can only be described as "mysterious." He was hustled aboard an Ilyushin jet for a non-stop flight to East Germany. The Daily Telegraph's David Floyd wrote: "Paul Robeson's 'protectors' decided to smuggle him out of Britain and behind the Iron Curtain. It was becoming increasingly difficult for them to deny he had changed his opinions on communism, but nevertheless he could not be exposed to the questioning of newsmen. The only way out? Put Robeson completely out of the reach of the free press." ONE OF THOSE aboard the Polish plane that carried Robeson to the workers' paradise that is East Germany was John Osman, a longtime British newshound. He wrote subsequently: "Robeson sat in flight like an effigy in his seat next to the piano window. In flight, I introduced myself to Mr. Robeson, who smiled charmingly and seemed about to talk to me. Angrily, his wife, who told me that she knew judo and would happily use it to keep people away from her 'completely exhausted* husband, demanded I leave Paul and return to my THE MAILBOX Some Swim Pool Comments Meat now accounts for one-fourth of the shopper's food dollar and demand is expected to grow. Editor, Register-Mail: Can the proposed new Galesburg community swimming pool be made self-supporting without a substantial sum being derived from the taxpayers? If so, I would be greatly in favor of such a pool. — Gordon W. Foster. This (swimming pool, as proposed) is by far the finest thing that could happen to the citizens of Galesburg. With Lake Storey situation the way that it is, a swimming pool is a must. As an All-America City, Galesburg should not be behind. I have not heard a comment against it as yet. — Robert Nelson, 84 Duffield Ave. In reference to Lee S. Barton's letter to The Mailbox I would like to reply for the Jaycees of Galesburg. Since I am chairman of the project I feel a little closer to the answers to Mr. Barton's questions. The Galesburg Jaycees are promoting a Municipal Swimming Pool for Galesburg. Whether it be an indoor pool or outdoor is not the real important issue now, but to get the City of Galesburg and its citizens to realize we can have a pool if we really want one. We do not intend to build a small, cheap pool or economize so much that 10 years from now we have to start over again. Steele Gym has been considered. To build a pool that would be a joint pool for the city and the school system, would at least double the cost of said pool, merely in private locker rooms, buildings etc. for the school portion. Yet this possibility is still being considered by the Action Committee. The Jaycees are trying to ac­ complish a civic project for the City of Galesburg that they can be proud of and so can the city. Mr. Barton may rest assured that when a location is picked, and design is selected and the financial plan is agreed upon Galesburg will have the best available swimming pool for a city our size that can and will be built. — Ray Ritz, Chairman, Action Committee. I do believe that the installation of a public swimming pool in Galesburg would be an asset to the community. I fully endorse this project. — John C. Thompson, Secretary of Jaycees. own seat. Paul ... sat silently as his wife gave orders." The Robesons, who traveled to East Berlin with a top-ranking Polish diplomat, were met at the Schoenfield Airport by officials of the East German regime. Soon afterward official reports appeared denying Robeson had been kid­ naped. He would receive "medical treatment" in East German hospitals, the communist reports said. THE HOUSE UnAmerican Activities Committee will hear testimony next week from' at least ten youngsters who defied State Department bans on travel to Cuba. Several of those who organized the jaunt are known communists, according to President Kennedy. Others will be unavailable for HUAC testimony. Two women stayed behind to have REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Sept. 6, 1913 Galesburg teachers gathered for the first monthly meeting for instructors at the high school. Problems to be considered for the school year were discussed. Dr. J. F. Percy of Galesburg returned to the city after attending the International Congress of Medicine held in London, England. babies, their delivery free of charge, thanks to Fidel Castro's system of Medicare. Several of the travelers are waiting behind in Madrid, Spain. One of these, John Glenn, is a 34 -year-old lawyer from Bloomington, Ind. He told Spanish reporters all was rosy in Castro Cuba. Many communists, he said, wished to side with Mao instead of Khrushchev in the ideological battle raging between the communist giants. "Cuba's heart is in Peking, but its stomach is in Moscow," Glenn explained. * * * AS CHAIRMAN of the House Ways and Means Committee, Rep. Wilbur Mills has been a major stumbling block to enactment of many New Frontier programs. The doughty little Democrat has turned thumbs down on Medicare. He has altered considerably the President's tax legislation. Now President Kennedy is reported to have solved the Mills problem: appoint him to the Supreme Court. The report, widely circulated in Mills' home state of Arkansas, has not gone over well. The reaction of the Arkansas Democrat, (a Little Rock newspaper) is typical: "The appointment of Congressman Mills to the Supreme Court under the present circumstances would set a new precedent for low, cynical and calculating political connivance." Copyright 1963 galesburg Register-Mail TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Sept. 6, 1943 Mrs. William Silberer entertained her bridge club in her home on Jackson Street. Favors went to Mrs. Harold Fitch. Mrs. Lois Daniels, daughter of Ben Hart of Galesburg, left for Pekin, where she was to teach during the winter. Office 140 Soutn Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHUN k. NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 342-8161 Entered ?a Second'Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under ^ct of Congress of Mprrh 3. 1878 Dally except Sunday, Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow ... Editor and Genera) Manager M. B. Eddy Associate ttdttor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New York Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMFER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEK ASSOCIATED PRESS " The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP newc dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 35c s Week By RFD mall tn our retail trading zone: 1 Year (10.00 8 Months S3.80 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.28 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retail trading con* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 80c Br mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois. Iowa and Missour) and by motor rout* tn retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months 13.7*. 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month %\M By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year 518.00 3 Months S3.00 6 Months i 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Answer to Previous Punw Mining Newspaper Cooperates Editor, Register-Mail: The Galesburg Register-Mail is to be commended for cooperation with the courts and the law-enforcing agencies of this community. It is my feeling that when any violator is penalized for breaking the law, it is not the fine imposed upon the violator that has the greatest value. The greatest value of such a penalty, in my mind, is the publicity given to such a violation in the hope that it will discourage any future violations of the same nature. Our Galesburg Police Department is pitifully under-manned. I urge all citizens to cooperate with and, respect police officers at all times, even though you may believe that they are wrong. If they are wrong, it will be corrected in the Court room. Until then, always respect a police officer. Again, many thanks to the Galesburg Register-Mail for their fine cooperation. — D. Paul Nolan, P.M. From P..fit* The rHSl * £° r Present The ACROSS 7 Goddess (Latin) 1 Metal source 8 Property 4 Precious metal 0 gorges 8 Fissure of metal ,2 12 Peace (Latin) - 1 ? S md " .^Ple But I will tarry at Eph. esus until Pentecost.—I Cor. 16:8. * * * I will study and get ready and the opportunity will come. —Abraham Lincoln. ^ The Almanac By United Press International Today is Friday, Sept. 6, the 249th day of 1963 with 116 to follow. The moon is approaching its last quarter. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Mars, Saturn and Jupiter. Those born today are under the sign of Virgo. On this day in history: In 1620, the Pilgrims left England for the New World. In 1899, President McKinley was shot and critically wounded in Buffalo, N.Y. In 1909, word was received that Adm. Robert Peary had discovered the North Pole five months earlier. 13 Wind instrument 14 Flowering shrub 15 Summit 16 Rose-like 18 Fish for eels 20 Give unction 11 Relaxation 17 Mail neck guard 19 Short jacket 23 Item of value 24 Put off 25 Voided escutcheon (her.) 26 Assault 11 SJSS? if^ ag) 28 Gambling game 40 Wrests %l rll ,,ni, tn 29 ^rmerly 41 Icelandic tales 11 G 5!^_^?H? taln 31 Man's name 42 Girl's nickname 27 Supplement (archaic) 50 Source 32 Semi-preclOM metal .84 Stories 35 Conceals (lav) 36 Moor 37 Green (her.) 39 Thicken 40 Feminine name 41 Foam 42 Famous doctor 45 Precious stone 49 Brawling 51 Water (Fr.) 52 Oklahoma city 63 Araucaaiaa Indian 64 Edge 55 Dozes 56 December 29 (ab.) 67 Weaken DOWtf 1 Chooses 2 Shower 3 Atonement 4 Ravine 5 Greek coin C Useless BefSOflS mi) 83 Person in place 43 River by (colL) r ™ Florence nasi 44 Placed 46 Peruvian Indian 47 Cobra gem (var.) 48 Unload 60 Slack i 2 5 4 5 9 1 r r r rr t2 14 15 is ii 1* 14 20 LJ pi 5T 25 • w 29 39 33 34 35 W • 39' •2 43 4? w 49 bl 52 b3 54 55 56 57 6 KEWSPA? m mm?am ASSH-

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