Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 5, 1963 · Page 3
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 3

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Thursday, September 5, 1963
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Home Paper of 70 Communitiei Galesburg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Red Warmer Friday With Highs in Lower 80s, Fair and Cool Tonight A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXII — 209 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Violence Leads to Integration Delay, Birmingham, Ala. RIOTERS—Negro rioters, who became aroused Wednesday night In Birmingham, Ala., after the residence of a Negro lawyer was bombed for a second time In two weeks, fled the scene when policemen fired their weapons into the air. One Negro was shot to death and 19 were injured in a melee that lasted for about two hours. Several policemen and two white girls were among the Injured. UNIFAX Accidents in 1st 6 Months Total 47,200 CHICAGO (AP)-The National Safety Council reported today that accidents killed 47,200 persons in the United States during the first six months of 1963. Though the total figure is 3 per cent higher than last year, the death rate for all accidents per 100,000 population was 53.0 per cent, compared with 52.7 per cent during the first half of 1962. The auto fatality rate per 100, 000 population was up to 22.8 per cent from 21.9 per cent. Rates in other classifications remained constant or slightly lower. The total number of deaths, all estimated, and their causes, were: —auto accidents, 18,930, up 5 per cent. —accidents in public places, excluding auto, 8,200, up 3 per cent. —accidents at work, 68,000, up 1 per cent. —accidents at home, 14,800, up 1 per cent. Disabling injuries from industrial accidents remained steady at 6.29 per 1 million man - hours worked, according to reports submitted to the council by 20 industries. 'Dragon Lady 9 Slashes Out At Uncle Sam SAIGON, South Viet Nam (UPI) — Mme. Ngo Dinh Nhu's charges of double dealing by the United States indicated today that the South Vietnamese government has no intention of backing down under any pressure from Washington in the present crisis. Mme. Nhu, the powerful and beautiful sister-in-law of President Ngo Dinh Diem, said Wednesday that President Kennedy apparently has the wrong conception of the Diem regime's parallel struggles with the Buddhists and the Communist Viet Cong guerrillas. She suggested at a news conference the United States withdraw some of its civilian aid personnel because she has the "impression" some of them are U.S. intelligence agents. Using Both Hands Referring to American aid to South Viet Nam and press charges that the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was involved in a plot against the Diem government, Mme. Nhu said: "I have the impression that US Not in Hurry To Aid Defector BERLIN (UPI) - An American spokesman said today there are no immediate plans to ask the Russians to arrange the release of a U.S. Army officer who claims he is being held in East Berlin against his will. The spokesman said Army headquarters would wait to see what happens to Capt. Alfred Svenson, 30, of 2087 North Main Ave., Scranton, Pa„ who was classified as a defector by the Army after he crossed into East Germany in a jeep May 4. There was some belief the Communists would release Svenson now that he has disclosed his desire to return to the West. Eventually, the United States was expected to demand again the Soviet Union return the officer. Is Complicated The case was complicated by the fact Russia denies jurisdiction over East Germany, which it calls a sovereign state. The United States refuses to deal directly with the Communist East German regime, which it does not recognize. The Army announced Wednesday that Svenson, a naturalized American citizen bom in Lithuania, was being held against his will in East Berlin and had been beaten badly by the Communists in three attempts to escape to the West. Wants to Return Svenson showed up Tuesday at the East Berlin office of the British news agency Reuters. He asked that a message be sent to U.S. Army headquarters that be wanted to return to the West and DEFECTOR—Capt. Alfred Svenson, 30, Scranton, Pa., who drove a jeep into the Soviet zone across the East-West border last May, is trying desperately to return to the West, but so far is getting no aid from the United States. UNIFAX had tried three times to get over the Berlin wall. His face was bruised and swollen, his lips were puffed, he had one broken tooth and his shirt was stained with blood. He said this was the result of his latest unsuccessful attempt to climb the wall Tuesday morning. with one hand America pats and with the other it strikes." She said it appeared to be a "double policy" which she could not understand. Mme. Nhu's husband is Diem's brother and chief political adviser. He is head of the secret police, and is believed by many diplomatic observers to have engineered the nationwide crackdown on Buddhist opposition which included raids on pagodas and massive arrests. Angered by Raids The raids brought the Diem government into open dispute with the U. S. government, which expressed strong disapproval of the strongarm methods used against the Buddhists. The charges leveled by Mme. Nhu came at a time when U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge is involved in diplomatic maneuvers to clarify Washington's position regarding both the crackdown on Buddhists and the struggle against the Viet Cong. The United States, which considers the safety of South Viet Nam vital to the security of all of non-Communist Southeast Asia, is spending more than $1 million a day and has committed 13,000 men to help wipe out the Communist guerrillas. Barry Wants Russians to Vacate Cuba WASHINGTON (UPI) _ Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., pro^ posed a nuclear test ban treaty reservation today which would require Russia to remove all Soviet missiles and military forces from Cuba. The front - running GOP presidential contender said in a prepared Senate speech that without this safeguard the treaty "is a potential peril to peace rather than a step toward it." His proposed recommendation would put off effectiveness of the pact until Russia complied with the Cuban removal step. "This proposed test ban treaty cannot be a first step toward peace if it must stumble over Soviet missiles and troops in Cuba," Goldwater said. "Its risks cannot be justified if we are only to give in and get nothing." Goldwater also endorsed former President Dwight D. Eisenhower's recommendation that a "reservation" be made that the treaty lould not impede U. S. rights to use nuclear weapons in defense of its security. Would Oppose Treaty The GOP senator said that while he is confident the President would not be inhibited from defending "this nation," it should be made "perfectly clear" thatj nuclear weapons could be used to defend freedom in Europe or Asia "as well as on or at our own doorstep." Goldwater's statement appeared to indicate that if the Cuban reservation that he said he would offer later is not adopted he would vote against the treaty. Should the Senate adopt any reservations, the limited test pact would have to be renegotiated. In discussing the pact, Goldwater said: "The Soviets gain from the treaty an immobilization of our great nuclear lead, a breathing space in which to put to productive use the data gained from its own unique series of high- yield nuclear tests, a breathing space in which to consolidate its political position around the I world. "They want the treaty; they say they want the treaty; they need the treaty. Well, we need something, too; we need deeds to replace doubts." Bombing Touches Off Race Rioting BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — The bombing of a Negro leader's home and a wild outbreak of racial violence marked by the fatal shooting of another Negro led to a temporary postponement today of Birmingham's public school desegregation. Gov. George C. Wallace moved back into the picture with an early morning an Ball Tries to Keep Pakistan On US' Side RAWALPINDI, Pakistan (AP)Undersecretary of State George Ball made a final attempt today to persuade President Mohammed Ayub Khan to stay firmly on the West's side in the cold war and shy away from Red China. U.S. sources said Ball had again assured Ayub that the United States would protect Pakistan against aggression from any quarter. But they reported he has failed to quiet Pakistan's fear of Indian attack or allay resentment over U.S. military aid to India, Pakistan's neighbor and old enemy. Tliis has been the major topic in the talks Ball has conducted for the past three days. After the final meeting with the president, Ball flies back to Washington. Fatal Fire Is Blamed on Kids With Matches MOLINE, 111. (UPD-State and local fire investigators said today a fire that killed a grandmother and three of her grandchildren Tuesday was started by children playing with matches. Officials from the state fire marshall's office and local authorities learned the cause of the fire after a two-day investigation. The fire flashed through the home of Mrs. Minnie Hook, 67, south of here killing her and her grandchildren Jeffrey, 2, Jodie, 5, and Jeannelle, 9. The children's mother, Mrs. Earnest Hook, Moline, and three other children escaped injury. nouncement that the city Board of Education had agreed to close three schools ordered integrated by the federal courts. They opened for registration Wednesday and classes were scheduled today. An explosion heard two miles away broke a calm of several hours after two Negroes had enrolled at one of the schools. The home of Arthur Shores had been bombed again—the second time in three weeks. Negroes Scream Screaming Negroes in the neighborhood rushed to the home of the attorney who has been a leader for years in the fight of his race against segregation. Police riot squads poured in. Rock throwing by the resentful Negroes followed, then gunfire by officers as a melee involving hundreds of Negroes and scores of city and county policemen raged for more than an hour. John L. Coley, 20, fell with three bullets in his head and body. He died later at a hospital. At least 19 other persons were injured, two of them Negroes also struck by bullets. The injured included four policemen. Wallace's announcement from the executive mansion at Montgomery, made through an aide on the scene here, came at 4:20 a.m. State troopers went on guard with other officers around Birmingham schools early today for the first time. City and county officers had handled the assignment Wednesday. 40 Bombings More than 40 bombings have occurred in Birmingham since 1947, many of them in "Dynamite Hill," a Negro community once densely populated by whites. Constance Baker Motley, an attorney for the National Associa­ tion for the Advancement of Colored People, said legal action might be taken to reopen the schools. The attorney gave no indication as to what moves might be made. The areas near West End and Ramsay high schools, which were to have been integrated today, were quiet. No crowds gathered and only a few students, who apparently had not heard about the order closing the schools, attempted to pass the lines of policemen and state troopers. They were turned back. Officers, stationed about 20 feet apart, lined both sides of the streets around the schools. They were armed with carbines. There are Negro residential districts near both of the high schools. AAA Approves Of Short Skirts For All Women WASHINGTON (UPI) - You always knew there were sound reasons for looking at a pretty girl's legs, didn't you? Your wife had you all wrong. Well, the American Automobile Association (AAA) has come to your aid. The AAA applauds the rising hemlines of women's skirts and calls for more of the same. The AAA says it's "not blind to the beauty of the fair sex," but the reason it wants as much leg as possible to show is because of traffic safety. The AAA noted that automobile headlights readily pick up the stockings or bare legs of woman pedestrians at night. "Naturally," the AAA said, "the more stocking or leg exposed the easier it is for motorists to spot and thus prevent an accident." Senate Gains Support for Test Treaty WASHINGTON (UPI) - The nuclear test ban treaty appeared to bo gaining Senate support to- d.'iy with prospects of backing from leaders of both parties. Scnale GOP Lender Everett M. Dirkscn all but declared his support as Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield threw his full weight behind the treaty, which bars everything except underground tests. Senate sources said they expected chairman Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., of the armed services committee to vote for the treaty. They looked for Russell to be joined by chairman John C. Stcnnis, D-Miss., of the preparedness subcommittee which has culled the views of military leaders most concerned about the agreement. .Explains Stand Sen. John J. Williams, R-Del., a member of the foreign relations committee which approved the treaty by a 16-1 vote, announced he would vote for it on the floor. Williams, noting tho concern aboit "safeguards" voiced by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that "if the Joint Chiefs hadn't been wor- WASHINGTON (/VP) - Sen, ricd, I'd be voting against t h e Fr .a. nk J- Lausche, D-Ohio, today treaty. HOME DAMAGED — Attorney Arthur L. Shores is shown standing in front of his home In Birmingham, Ala., after It was bombed for the second time Wednesday night. The property was extensively damaged. UNIFAX Demo Senator Raps JFK for GromykoDate "I think our position is adequately protected," he said. Mansfield, just back from a 2,000-miIc swing through his home state of Montana, told tho Senate the treaty offered the world "a flicker of light where thero has been no light." He said that "on clear balance" it was in the nation's interest. Dirkscn indicated tho treaty would have his support but deferred a formal announcement. Most Senate observers doubt there will be more than 10 votes against tho treaty — if that many. It comes up for formal debate Monday. Bear Knows City DULUTH, Minn. (UPI) — A 60- pound bear cub that wandered into Duluth knew exactly where to go. The cub was captured near the Black Bear Lounge and released outside tho city. Youth Finds Cuba Infested With Russians NEW YORK (UPI) — Russiansl Under Fidel Castro, Havana Imann said. He said quad-40's (ra- Champ Rooster Crows INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. (UPI) A rooster named "Tom" crowed 71 times Wednesday to win the annual rooster crowing contest at the Indiana State Fair. The rooster, owned by Virgil Carey, Connersville, set a half- hour crowing record Monday with 91 calls. are "all over the place" in Cas- [ has become a fortified city, Rie- tro's Cuba, an American student just back from there reported today. They avoid the use of uniforms, he added. Dick Riemann, 27, of Yonkers, N.Y., en route to a San Francisco Bay area teaching job, said the Russians traveled in groups and did not mingle with Cubans. He said they lived in a "walled city" of their own in Regla, a fishing village across the bay from Havana, and had their own "house of pleasure." The fortified area in which they live is off- limits to all but a handful of Cubans with special passes, he reported. Riemann was one of 59 American students who spent seven weeks in Cuba as Castro regime guests. He said he "volunteered" for the trip "because I knew the type of group that was going and wanted to lend some balance to it." Also, Riemann said, "I thought the (Kennedy) administration was downgrading Cuba which, in my opinion, is our No. 1 problem ... I feel integration comes after our national security ... " LOTS OF REDS—Russians are practically crawling out from beneath the rocks in Cuba, a report by Dick Kiemaim, 27. would indicate. Riemaau was one of 59 young people who were guests of Castro oa the island. UNIFAX |pid fire antiaircraft batteries) dotted the capital and were even installed atop Havana's hotels. The food in Cuba "is nothing short of abominable," Riemann said. "It has no taste at all." He said this was true even though the students, as American guests, got special rations. "When the Cubans are down to rationing rice and beans, then- basic staples, you can imagine the shape they're in," he said. With Open Minds Riemann said he and Barry Hoffman, of Brookline, Mass., were the only two in the group that made the trip with open minds'. (Hoffman on his return was disclosed to have made the trip as a researcher for an author contracted to write a magazine article). It was impossible to make an "evaluation" of Cuba even in seven weeks, Riemann said, because the group's principal contacts were limited to government leaders. "Group leaders didn't make half an effort to establish contact with the people," he said. "They made superficial contacts with picked union leaders." criticized President Kennedy's willingness to discuss with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko the possible relaxation of East-West tensions. But Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., replied that, "I think President Kennedy would meet with the devil himself if he felt it would make any contribution toward world peace." Called a Liar Lausche said in a prepared Senate speech that because Gromyko "deliberately lied" about the presence of offensive Soviet missiles in Cuba last year, "I am loathe to believe that President Kennedy could ever again place- any credence in what Mr. Gromyko might have to say." 'Mr. Gromyko lied once and if given the chance he will lie again," Lausche said. "Were it within my power, I would never again let Mr. Gromyko darken tha floor of tho White House, particularly when he is scheduled to arrive as a symbol of world peace." Because Kennedy labeled the Soviet foreign minister's statements at the time of the missile crisis as faUe, there has been some fear within the administration that (Jromyko's arrival ;n Washington would be the signal some political explosions. for Mrs. Nixon 111 WHITTIER. Calif. (IIPP -Mrs. Hannah Nixon, 78-year-old mother of former Vice President Richard M. Nixon, was in Whittier Hospital today "for rest and a routine checkup." The family doctor said Mrs. Nixon probably would remain hospitalized for another day or two. Where To Find It 4 SUCTIONS 28 PAGES Abingdon 24 Amusement 5 Bushaell 5 Classified Ads 25-26-27 Coraics-TV-RaUio 18 Editorial 4 Food Section 20-21-22 Galva S Hospital Notes S Kaoxville 24 Markets 28 Monmouth WW Obituary 25 Sports 16-1? Weather 9 Women io the Newi — 6^1

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