The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 8, 1954 · Page 1
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April 8, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, April 8, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NOR'X^uAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI TOL. L—NO. 16 feytheville Courier Blytheville Daily New» Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THrRSDAY, APRIL S. 1054 SIXTEEN PAGES TORNADO WRECKS IOWA FARM HO5lE — This farmstead, between Northboro and Blanchard in southwest Iowa, was one of seven farms wrecked by a tornado in a four-mile stretch between the two towns. The twister carried the house off its foundation, stripped it of its roof and siding. The front steps of the house now lead only to a gaping hole of the basement. Other fnrm buildings were completely demolished. {AP Wire- photo) Local Businessmen Foresee 1954 as About Same as 1953 By GEORGE ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) Prospects for retail business activity in Blytheville during the remainder of 1954 will probably fall slightly below the level of 1953, according to a recent survey of some local merchants. In the survey conducted fay the -j Courier News among some merchants here, estimates of business for the rest of this year varied from 10 per cent below to 10 per cent above last year's sales. There are several reasons for the fairly wide range of opinion expressed. Perhaps the most important explanation is the fact that the nationwide business slump — which has been called everything from a "healthy leveling off" to a full- scale recession — has affected some consumer goods more than others. • • * Also, some made their forecasts mainly by comparison of ?rVs trends during the first three months of this year to the same pei.ou last year, while predictions of others expressed largely their iir"'- vidual feelings of optimism or pessimism. While the entire range of opinion varied considerably, the consensus was that 1954 will measure up generally to about the same level as last year, with the possibilities greater for a slight drop than for an increase. Comparative figures for March of this year and the same month last year, showed a general drop in Enthusiasm. Is Keynote Of Industrial Drive ber of Commerce's City Hall offices this morning as work progressed on a $150,000 fund drive to erect an industrial Solons See U.S. Units In Indochina 'Looks As If We're on Edge Of War There' WASHINGTON (AP) — Two senators today spoke of the sending of U. "S. naval and air units into the Indochinese fighting as a possibility and one said. "It looks to me as if we are on the edge of war there." Sen. McCarran (D-Nev), who made this estimate in an interview, said, "If we should send in naval and air forces now, it would only bring the Chinese Communists in force and then I don't see how we could avoid sending troops." The sober comment in Congress followed renewed expressions by President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles of the administration's determination that Indochina must not fall to the Communists, and indications from abroad that U. S. allies are not moving as fast as U. S. officials might wish in forming: a coalition on defense of Southeast Asia. Dispatches from London and Paris indicated both British and French leaders might consider the time inopportune and want more details on the "united will" and "united action" Dulles has advocated. All sides seem to agree that if and when conclusive decisions are reached and some public statement is made, it must be not simply another "hands off "• warning to the Chinese Reds but an announcement of determination with real conferring with Chamber repre- retail sales ranging'from about five sentatives regarding building success per cent to 25 per cent, though a few listed sales for the period on a par with 1953. Sale of household goods and furnishings appear to have made the greatest decline with volume turnover down about 20-25 per cent, wihile soft goods i clothing, accessories, dry goods, etc.; showed an average decline of only about 10 per cent. Most merchants queried expressed general satisfaction with recovery during March from the seasonal bus- See BUSINESS on Page 5 72-Port Series to Give Background on War U.S. Tax Money Is Financing United States taxpayers are paying 70 per cent of the costs of the war in Indo-China. To bring the taxpayers up- to date on "the world's oldest war," NEA Service, Inc., has prepared a 12-part story strip which begin's today on Page 3 of the Courier News. NEA's artist-writer team of Ralph Lane and Walter Parkes have gone back to the French colonialism in Indo-China in the 1930's to illustrate the underlying causes of this "forgotten war." This series presents a background study of the Indo-Chinese War and the emergence of this small area as the key to the future of Southeast Asia. The war in Indo-China will be on the agenda of the five-power conference to be held at Geneva, Switzerland, April 26- teeth. The question at this point is what kind of teeth—should the policy decisions be backed up by naval forces, air forces, ground forces, or some combination of these? See Limited Counteraction Eisenhower's refusal at his news conference yesterday to spell out. probable free world action if the Chinese Communists move in force into Indochina caused some sena- -r, , , , ,, v 1 .L-. ™ tors to speculate that a program of Reports of success and enthusiasm reached the Cham- J limited counteraction is in the m P. king. Among 1 ( these. Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) said he sees no need to use XJ. S. troops in Indochina, but he added in an interview: "In case of a crisis there, we may need to use naval power and undoubtedly air power. I don't think anything we are doing now contemplates employing American manpower in Asia but quite conceivably it calls for air and naval power." Smith, Who is chairman of a Senate Foreign Relations Far Eastern subcommittee, applauded Eisenhower's call for concerted action by the nations of the free world 10 prevent an anti-Communist defeat in Indochina and resultant falling-domino collapse of Burma. Thailand. Indonesia and other Southeast Asia nations now outside the Red orbit. Almost without exception senators who commented agreed with the President's' view that the loss of Indochina would turn the U.S. i?land defensive chain of Japan. Formosa, the Philippines friblished Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT* McCarthy-Army Probe Due to Begin April 21 APPOINTED — Rowland R. Hughes, now deputy director of the budcet. has boon chosen by President Eisenhower to be director succeeding Joseph M. Dodge, who has resigned to return 10 she Detroit Bank RS board chairman. Hughes. 58, is a former vice president of the National City Bank of New York. (AP Wirepholo) French Hit Foes New Trenches HANOI, Indochina — French building. Chamber officials pointed out that although the drive has been actively pursued, any total figure released now would be of no significance. Most business categories have held at least preliminary meetings and successful reports have forthcoming from these. Meeting Tomorrow The finance committee, headed by Russell Phillips, has scheduled a morning session for the Chamber's offices tomorrow. The group is to get together at 10 a. m. A representative of Central Slates Metal Co., which is to locate a plant here, has been con- plans. Central States officials will meet in Kansas City tomorrow to iron out final details on plans for the building. Chamber officials today expressed the hope that construction plans will be completed within a week or ten days. Dud Cason Post 24 of American Legion has gone on record as "being 100 per cent behind the drive to raise 8150,000 to erect a building for a metal industry," a Legion spokesman said today. The group, he stated, adopted a resolution pledging the services of the Post in making the drive a Four Witnesses Called In Anti-Red File Probe WASHINGTON (AP) — A former naval officer, who was assigned to a wartime intelligence unit in New York City, testified today that information it gathered on Communists was passed along to the FBI "as fast as we received it." William J. O'Hara, now a Mt. Vernon, N. Y., lawyer, was the witness. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Griffith Says Mickey Mantle Overrated . . . Cardt, Looking: Stronger Than in 1953 . . . Sports . . . Pa^es 8 and 9 ... . . . GOP House Leaders Face Uphill Fight on Wiretapping . . . Page 2 ... ... The McCarthy Story: Red- Hunter Interviewed . . . Page 7 ... . . . tV Debate Starts on IR- ra«M*Aran Border Raid* . . . Pa** S . . . WASHINGTON (AP) — Four witnesses were called for public questioning today in a Senate internal security subcommittee probe into reported destruction of some files on Communist activities. Chairman Jenner (R-Ind) ha~s had no recollection of such a con- isaid there was a White Hou,-e or-i versa tion. j der in 1944 'for destruction of cer- Jenner replied, however, that his tain naval intelligence files on statement quoting King had been Communist .matters. "completely verified." He said in advance of the hearing, the first public session in the inquiry, that the testimony was intended "to fit only one piece into a vast jig-saw puzzle." Many other phases remain to be explored, he added in an interview. A brief announcement from the subcommittee said the witnesses, not named, "handled the Navy's Communist files in New York and Boston" during World War II and would be asked "about disposition of the files when the district anti- Communist units were broken up during 1944." ' Says Files Destroyed In a dinner speech here last Jan. 28 honoring the subcommittee's former counsel, Robert Morris, Jenner said a Navy counterintelligence unit in New York was broken up in 1944 and its files were ordered destroyed. These files, he said, "had the basic information on Communists in the maritime units, Communists on the waterfront and Communists in the convoys that went to Russia itself." Jeriner said that Adm. Ernest J. King, wartime chief of naval operations, told Adm. Chester Nimitz, commander of the World War II Pacific fleet, that the order to destroy the files came from the White House. Both Nimitz and King said In subsequent interviews that they Ernest McKenzie will be installed as president of Blytheville's Toastmasters Club tonight when the group meets in the Colonial Room of Hotel Noble at 7 o'clock. 'On hand for installation ceremonies will be Odell Hartz, district governor, of Memphis. Also from Memphis will be Fred Payne, district secretary, Sid Payne Call Briggs and others. Bill Hutson, James Roy, Kenneth Richardson and Harry Bradley will be speakers on the regular program. throaten Australia and New Zealand. "No Such Thinisr" Sen. Mansfield (D-Montt. a Foreign Relations Committee member, said he had heard reports that the administration intends to take limited action—beyond the present program of furnishing: military supplies to the French Union forces— but added. "In my opinion there is no such thing as limited action." "Does Secretary of State Dulles' statement that the Chinese Corn- By C». MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON (AP) — Trial lawyer Ray H. Jenkins had orders today to be ready to launch 13 days from now public Senate hearings aimed at finding the truth in the McCarthy-Army row. Jenkins, a 57-yenr-old grnndfnth- er I'rom Knoxville. Term., took the job of .special counsel yesterday with a public pledge to fulfill it with "no prejudice, no bias." "Ihave no record, publicly or otherwise, as to Sen. McCarthy or what, has come to be known as McCarthyism," ue told a news conference. As special counsel to the Senate investigations subcommittee, he said, he intends to die for and present the facts in the bitter charges involving McCarthy and high Army officials "without any favoritism, in as fnir and impartial a manner as I know how." An Army report has accused McCarthy (R-Wisi and two of his aides of seeking favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine. a drafted former associate. McCarthy disputed thtit find said Army officials officials sought to "blackmail" him into dropping a search for subversives in the Army. The Army denies that. Succeed Scars Jenkins, who looks far younger than his age, succeeds Samuel P. Sears, a Boston lawyer previously selected by the subcommittee but whose name was never officially entered on the payroll. Sears stepped out Tuesday, five days after being appointed. Raying that, baseless challenges to his Impartiality had made it necessary for him to step aside "in the public interest." Sears was nn avowed admirer of McCarthy, although he said he had taken no side in the current row. Jenkins got the appointment at a closed door meeting of the subcommittee, which also ordered the televised hearings to start on April 21, instead of the old target date of sometime next week. Sen. Mundt tR-SD), who will run the hearings as acting chairman, told reporters Jenkins' first assignment is to set up an office here, — begins i and the next'one tohelp set up ground rules for the inquiry, Picked By Dirksen Sen. Dirksen i R-I11 > first suggested Jenkins' name f orthe job .The Illinois senator, a subcommittee member, said he was in Tennessee last weekend on a personal mission when he got word from Mundt that it might be necessary to replace Sears as counsel. Dirksen said he had known Jen- WASHINGTON (ffi — The U. S. kins for about four years, met him " a ~ n d | Court of Appeals today affirmed j at the Knoxville airport Monday 'the perjury conviction of E. Merl j night, and started the negotiations Young, a key figure in the Sen- w hich led to Jenkins' appointment. In Knoxville, various associates Union troops, fanning out, over the Dien Bien Phu area, today destroyed a long string of enemy trenches being built for a fresh assault on the northwest Indochina gastion. Sixty rebels were killed in clashes between French and Vietminh troops. Grenades and tank guns were used to crush in the rebel diggings on a sector almost two miles west and southwest of the heart of the fortress. Then infantrymen closed in for hand-to-hand fighting to rout the survivors. French \varplanes, supplied by the United States, broadened their bombing and strafing attacks on the rebels 'supply lines. Military) depots at Yenbay, on the Red River 120 miles northeast of Dien Bien Phu. were blown up, the pi- trucks hauling war material to the basiegers were destroyed. A French communique said two "human sea" attacks by the Communist-led Vietminh were repulsed- Some 200 French paratroopers were parachuted into the embattled Dien Bien Phu stronghold Last night. Meanwhile, the communists were reported rushing 201).000 men to the front for a final desperate onslaught on the French fortress before the live-power Geneva con- Tennessee Man Named Counsel For Investigation In Long Bomb Debate WASHINGTON (AP) — Rep. W. Sterling Cole 4 says he knows of nothing sinister in the fact that high officials debated for months before deciding to press work on the hydrogen bomb, a weapon the government says is due for ''greatly increased production." Solons Firm On Tax Bill * Cole. New York Republican who heads the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, recalled last night that full-scale work on the weapon was not decided upon until four months after Russia's first explosion in 1949 of an atomic bomb of the conventional type. "This fact is not of itself sinister." he said, "nor does it imply that those who opposed the President's final decision were motiv- ference - cussions April 26. - which will include dis- of Indochnia Court Upholds Conviction of F. Merl Young headline-makinsr investiga- WASHINGTON (AP) — Two Senate opponents of a further big cut in income taxes said today their stand would not be altered by a substitute "head tax" proposal. Senators Byrd (D-Val and Carlson (R-Knn) snid in separate interviews they remained against the proposed income tax reduction because of the substantial net loss of revenue involved. The substitute en me to light yesterday after top Treasury officials said the income tax cut could mean dropping 25 million taxpayers from the rolls. Sen. Frcar <D-Del>. one of the sponsors of the slash in income levies, said he proposed to keep all such persons on the rolls by making them liable for a $5 or $10 annual "head tax." This would continue to make them conscious of their responsibilities as citizens, he snid. However, Byrd commented this appeared to him to be designed to "sugar coat," the income tax reduction. He said he doubted whether it would be administratively feasible. Frear snld he was not ready to announce detalLs. The Income tax plan, co-sponsored by Frear and Senators George <D-Ga) and Kerr t.D-Oklu). would rui.se exemptions by $200 this year, a ^-billion-dollar tax cut. and to $400 in 1955 and thereafter, a $7,800,000.000 annual slash. Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey, who strongly opposes any additional income tax cut. told the Senate Finance Committee yesterday that 13,200,000 taxpayers out, of the present 77,700.000 would drop off the rolls under a $200 exemption increase, and 25,400,000 under a $400 boost. Byrd noted that a $10 tax on 25 million persons would bring in 250 million, just n. small part of the revenue loss from the income tax reduction. ate's tion Corporation operations. Youn native Missourian. Reconstruction^ Finance j of both political parties described a him as a fine lawyer and a fair- minded one. Jenkins described At the same time the court over-; himself as a life-long Republican, turned the perjury conviction of j He said he managed the Tennessee Young's older brother, Herschel campaign for Wendell L. Willkie Young. The brothers, •tried seperately. each received a sentence of four in the 1940 presidential election campaign. He said he ha.s been "almost completely disassociated" months to two years. Both have from po i lt j cs j n recent years, how- been at liberty on bond pending i ever and iR nol invo i ve d in Ten- the outcome of their appeals i nessee Reoublican factional dis- Merl Young. 39, was convicted of uc " CL munists have almost come, to the | swearing falsely' before the Sen- i putes ' point where we would take mas-| ate investigations subcommittee' sive retaliation against them mean 'almost' for us too?" he askc-d. Sen. Dirksen (R-I11), who may be dispatched with Sen. Magnuson (D-Wash) by the Senate Appropriations Committee for a spot check on conditions in Indochina, said he believes the President is right in saying that no outside country can come in and help unless it is doing something that the local people want done. Dirksen, who has proposed that the French give the Indochinese states, Laos. Cambodia and Viet See INDOCHINA on Pajre 5 and tne federal grand jury which returned the indictments. Circuit Court to Pass Sentences Tomorrow Circuit Court was recessed yesterday afternoon by Judge Charles W. Light until tomorrow morning at which time sentences will be passed on those prisoners who have pleaded guilty during this term of court. No action was taken on any cases during the afternoon session. Service Station Plans Opening A new Gulf service station, operated by W. H. Stovall, Jr., will have its formal opening Saturday at its new home at the intersection of First and Ash Streets. Five-hundred carnations will be given away to women and additional prizes will be offered children. Three largfr prizes will be awarded through registration. City Council Meet Re-Set For April 20 The April session of the City nted by a desire to lessen our military strength." He conceded that events have proved he was wrong in urging against the decision to go ahead with the superbomb. Other present and former officials said they had no knowledge of any 18-rnonth delay in the H- bomb project mentioned by Sen. McCarthy CR-Wls) on a nationwide television broadcast Tuesday night. McCarthy said there was a deliberate delay, and he asked: "If there were no Communists in our government, why did we delay?" Tkc Denies Delay President Elsenhower told his news conference he has never heard of such a delay. Former President Truman, who made the decision to proceed with the H-bomb in early 1950, said in Kansas City, "The order was issued as soon as the scientists were ready to go to work." The first announced hydrogen explosion occurred 34 months later, In November 1952. Sumner T. Pike, a member of the Atomic Energy Commission at the time, said in Augusta, Maine, he didn't know 'what McCarthy was talking about and he added of the senator: "I suppose-as he frequently does he Is just throwing mud and hoping some of It will stick." Pike is a Republican. As for the current status of the; H-bomb. AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss told a Senate Appropriations subcommittee yesterday that "greatly increased production of thermonuclear weapons" —th o s e popularly called hydrogen bombs- account for increased spending in Ihe next fiscal year. Costs Going; Up Operating costs will rise by 427 million dollars to $1,262,000,000, Strauss said, and he added: "Virtually the entire increase occurs in the cost of producing uranium and of producing Weapons and weapons materials." Strauss said results of current tests in the Pacific "will play an important part in making the ^ thermonuclear weapon a major instrument for the defense of the free world," but the commission also will seek for versatility through development of a "family of weapons." AEC announced yesterday the third test of the current Pacific .series, and Strauss said "informa- Council has been advanced from j Uon of g rea t importance to na- Tuesday night Lo April 20. Mayor tional defense continues to be de- E. R. Jackson snid yesterday. Tuesday night, the Council will meet with the City Planning Commission at 7:30 p.m. in the Munic- pal Courtroom in City Hall to hear rived." The first two series blasts were described as thermonuclear. Presumably this one was too. Rep. Cole did not mention McCarthy in his statement, but it William S. Bonner of the City j obviously was prompted by the Planning Division of the University | senator - s broadcast. of Arkansas' Institute of Science "While it is true," he said, "that and Technology. there was considerable discussion On April 20, the Council is sched- J between September 1949 and Jan- uled to take final action on thejuary 1950 concerning the need of sewer revenue bond issue ordm-1 developing the hydrogen bomb, ance, which also is likely to in- this fact is not of itself sinister elude calling of a special election for submission of the Mehlburgei sewer proposal to the voters. Mossadegh Appeals TEHRAN, Iran (M— Ex-Dictator Mohammed Mossadegh appeared before an army court in his pajamas today to appeal his sentence of three years in solitary confinement for treason and disobeying the Shah. Wilson Sets Out Revised Security Program Democratic Central Committee to Meet The Mississippi County Democratic Central Committee will meet at 10 a.m. Friday in the Circuit Courtroom in the Court House here for its biennial session. Filing fees for candidates in this summer's primaries will be set at this meeting except for those run- WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Defense Wilson today announced a revised security program designed "to armed forces persons deemed to be security risks or loyalty risks. Wilson announced the new directive, and the security-loyalty yardsticks it lays down, at a public hearing: before the Senate Armed Services Committee. Its objective, he said, is to provide uniform standards for the Army, Navy and Air Force and "to speed up our procedures for getting such individuals out of the nit\K for the state legislature, whose j service and for keeping them out.." fees are set by state law. with a single purpose in view," Wilson said in a statement. "It is to give concrete assurance to this committee and to all concerned that the matter of subversives. Communist sympathizers, or other such security risks in the armed forces is being carefully worked out." The new directive declares a general policy that the Defense Department will assume that acceptance or retention of any member of the armed services is clearly consistent with the interest of national security "unless and until a determination to the contrary is made." "However," it continues, "when credible information which raises the question of security is received whether acceptance or retention is consistent with the interests of national security. "In no case will any person reasonably believed to have at any time engaged in any of the -activities listed ... be appointed or enlisted in any of the armed services without the approval of the secretary of the armed service concerned." In the cases of draftees the directive declares: 1. "Known Communists will not be inducted into the armed services." 2. Inductees who do not "satisfactorily" fill our loyalty questionnaires or whose questionnaires disclose "significant derogatory infor- i *7v* vjv>c flIJU 1U< (VC^^/lil£, i**»v»«* • —- ..^.... ^,_ ,, %T ...-.-- i j 4 H f A "I have come here this morning i action will tx taken to determine i mation . . will be accepted into the service and retained on non- sensitive assignments in the lowest enlisted pay grade permitted by law, pending completion of a thorough investigation." The order continues: "In the event this investigation reveals that further retention would be inconsistent with the interests of national security, he (the inductee) will he separated under other than honorable conditions. Should the investigation disclose insufficient derogatory information to warrant separation in the interest of national security, he will be continued in toe service and thereafter appropriately assigned," the character of his ultimate discharge to be determined ••At the same time, we know that there is no security system which can guarantee to be 100 per cent effective against traitors. "Therefore, we cannot exclude categorically the possibility that a person or persons in our program might have been motivated by a desire to lessen our military strength." Research Maintained Cole said H-bomb development, See H-BOMB on Page 5 ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy cooler this afternoon and tonight; warmer west and north Friday. MISSOURI—Mostly fair tonight; cooler southeast and warmer northwest; Friday partly cloudy, windy and warmer; low tonight 40-*5 northwest to 35-40 extreme southeast; high Friday to 70s southweat. Maximum yesterday— 66. Minimum this morning—49. Sunset today— € :28. Sunrise tomorrow—5:36. Mean temperature (midway betweMI high and low—<J24. M noun to 7:M Precipitation last A.m. today—.12. *r»cipitation Jt». 1 to date—14.31, This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—W. Minimum yesterday— 49. PreclpiUtioa JMIUMP l to 4»l*— 17.44. ^

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