4 Gotesbuta Rggister»Moil, Galesburg, III. Thurs,, Aug, 29, 1963 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Muddh Over Malaysia Indonesia's objections to the forming of Malaysia can only be looked upon as a delaying action. Malaya, the hub of the new union, Is an independent member of the British Commonwealth. (Britons themselves prefer the plain title, Commonwealth of Nations.) Singapore is a self-governing British colony. North Borneo and Sarawak are British dependencies on the island of Borneo. If Britain wants to give up its authority in Southeast Asia it would appear to be no concern of Malaysia's neighbors. Let Indonesia objects to the union as a device to perpetuate colonialism in the area. And the Philippines has laid claim to North Borneo. The United Nations got into the muddle after a tri-partite conference in Manila in early August. Heads of government of Malaya, Indonesia, and the Philippines agreed to ask the U.N. to validate recent elections in North Borneo and Sarawak which favored inclusion of the colonies in Malaysia. Each state wanted to send its own observers to accompany a nine-man U.N. team. Secretary Gen. U Thant consented to the presence of observers on condition that his team be responsible only to him and that his decision on the honesty of the elections under British administration be final. Then came the dispute about the number of observers. Britain proposed that each of the three "Manila powers" send two observers to each colony. Indonesia has been demanding 10 observers from each of the interested states, or a total of 30. As the proposed date for "Malaysia Day" approached, compromises were proposed, but Indonesia was expected to continue stalling. President Sukarno of Indonesia, who in June appeared to have muted his opposition to the federation, on July 11 threatened to "oppose Malaysia with Indonesia's united forces." Even now Indonesia-based guerrillas are making trouble in Sarawak. Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman of Malaya had agreed to the U.N. observers in order to placate Sukarno. But on Aug. 25 he made it clear that the U.N. stirvey was not a precondition to the formation of the Malaysian Federation. Before the Manila talks, the Tunku said that he had humbled himself in order to gain peace. Now he says, "Malaysia will be form- 'ed." The U.N. investigation, he says, "is only to enable Indonesia and the Philippines to welcome Malaysia." This attitude is widely reflected in the Conservative press of London. The Daily Telegraph puts its view succinctly: "The decision of Malaya, Singapore, and the two Bor-< neo territories to federate is a matter in which Indonesia has no right to intervene or even to be consulted; nor, let it be insisted, has the United Nations. 1 ' So it now appears only a matter of timing before the federation is completed. The tiny sultanate of Brunei is expected to join later. That would bring together territories all facing the South Seas in a crescent 1600 miles from tip to tip. Malaysia is expected to be an anti-communist bulwark in Southeast Asia. It should also be stable and prosperous; Malaya and Singapore already rank next to Japan in the Far East in per capita cash income. Sugar Prices and Supplies The late lamented spurt in sugar prices moved discussion of food costs from newspaper financial pages to front pages and from grocery check-out counters to the halls of Congress. American housewives were suddenly faced last May with sharply higher prices for refined sugar and with a prospect of higher prices for ice cream, soft drinks, and other food products with a high sugar content. Some consumers, particularly industrial consumers, expected a sugar shortage and laid in extra stocks as protection against still higher prices. Prompt assurance by the Department of Agriculture that prospective supplies were more than sufficient to enable Americans to go on consuming sugar at the customary rate halted and then reversed the price spiral. World raw sugar prices, which climbed from less than 3 cents a pound late last summer to 12.6 cents on May 22, have now fallen back to 7.3 cents. Retail prices, however, do not yet reflect the full extent of the drop; the Consumer Price Index for June listed a five- pound package of sugar at 84 cents as against 59.4 cents in February. , At the request of House and Senate committees which undertook investigation of the price rise, Department of Agriculture experts looked into stockpiling by industrial users and speculation in sugar futures. They reported, Aug. 5, that at least a part of the rise was due to excessive speculation by dabblers in the commodities market. The report by the experts concluded that purchases of sugar futures by the general public—rather than price manipulation by market insiders—led to the unusual price advance and the subsequent market break. To prevent a recurrence of such activity, which cost consumers millions of dollars, the Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs of the House Banking and Currency Committee is planning to examine ways to prevent undue speculation, including possible regulation of the sugar exchange by the federal government. Although speculators no doubt bear some of the responsibility for the recent market ups and downs, prices probably could not have been pushed so high if there had not been considerably reduced sugar production in the past two crop years. The world crop fell from a record level of 60 million tons in 1960-61 to less than 56 million tons in the two succeeding crop years. As a result, foreign stockpiles of sugar have been sharply reduced. When imports from Cuba were cut off in mid-1960, the Cuban quota was allotted to other foreign suppliers. But President Kennedy, in requesting new legislation last year, opposed permanent distribution of the Cuban quota among other countries. He proposed that that quota be held in reserve against the day when Cuba might abandon its ties with the communists, and that in the meantime the quota be opened to all friendly nations on a first-come, first-served basis. Administration proposals ran into vigorous opposition. The compromise finally arrived at provided for individual country quotas covering about 25 per cent of'the U.S. market and an open global quota for the remaining 15 per cent not supplied by domestic producers. This law satisfied neither the proponents of a controlled market nor those favoring an open market. The chaos in the sugar market last spring brought charges that the new system was responsible. Another battle over sugar in Congress appears inevitable when the present country quotas expire next year. THE DOCTOR SAYS: Dreams, Black-White or Color, We Need Them By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. DO YOU DREAM in black and white or gorgeous colors? Scientific observers at the University of Chicago sleep laboratories have found that you may do either, and that they can control this and other aspects of dreaming by giving their subjects certain hormones. When they gave pituitary extract, the subjects had pleasant dreams that were easily remembered and came complete with a full range of color. When they gave adrenal extract the dreams were frightening, hard to remember, and colorless. To another question: Do animals talk in our dreams? I can give a personal answer. Animals that I have enjoyed as pets do talk, and I believe that this indicates that anything that we are capable of imagining may appear to us as a reality when we dream. The blind have also been found to dream. not Garden Haters PHILADELPHIA (UPD—They may admit it, but many home garden "enthusi asts" probably dislike working in the garden. In a candid report on outdoor living markets, the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia contends that many weekend gardeners are driven by such motives as the search for competition with neighbors and the desire for self-expression. The highest tourist road in Europe is the mountainous Grand Alpine Route, leading for some 375 miles through Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Monaco, Switzerland and Yugoslavia. The only difference is that if they were born blind they dream only of the world as they know it. In their dreams they hear, touch, taste, and smell but have not visual images. IN THOSE who become blind after their visual sense has been well developed, visual images become less and less a part of their dreams as time goes on. One of the important discoveries that has been made about dreaming is that it appears to be not only inevitable, but also a necessary accompaniment of sleep. When sleeping subjects were awakened every time rapid eye movements indicated that they were starting to dream, it was possible to insure that they had a truly dreamless night. This was found to increase the number of times the subject would start to dream as though the mind was not going to take these interruptions without a protest. When ibis prevention of dreaming was persisted in for several nights the subjects became edgy, jittery, and had great difficulty concentrating. At this point they were allowed to dream uninterruptedly. The length of time spent in dreaming was found to be twice what it had normally been. This was true for several nights. Other subjects were awakened the same number of times as the first group had been, but at times when they were not dreaming. They did not become upset and, when allowed to sleep without interruption, the length of their dreams was not increased. THIS WOULD seem to indicate that dreaming in some way not yet known, helps us to maintain our balance and get the most good from our sleep. House-to-Senate Leap Proves Chancy Gambit By PULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — The late Sam Raybum never had much use for those congressmen who used the House of Representatives as a stepping stone to the Senate. The beloved Speaker made it crystal clear he would help any member, Republican or Democrat, who had. as his goal a career in the House. "The House of Representatives," he insisted, "is not the 'lower House,' as some have termed it. It is the co -equal House." OVER THE YEARS many of Mr. Sam's charges took his advice. Powerful men such as Hale Boggs and Carl Albert and Howard Smith and Charles Halleck and t Carl Vinson and Jerry Ford long ago decided to make the House their life work. Others—John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon and John McClellan and Everett Dirksen — ignored the Speaker 's words. Once again, many of Mr. Sam 's boys will try to make the big jump. New Mexico's Joe Montoya will risk six years of House seniority in an attempt to unseat Republican Senator Ed Mechem. Ohio's Bob Taft Jr., elected Congressman-at-large last fall, will almost certainly go for the Sen ate seat once held by his late great father. FOUR Indiana Congressmen are known to be flirting with a race for Democrat Vance Hartke's seat, They are Don Bruce, Ross "How'd you ever get booked into this deal Mr. Lodge?' b Adair, Bill Bray and Richard Roudebush. In Maryland, Democrats Richard Lankford and Carlton Sickles are under consideration for the Senate seat now held by the aging Republican J. Glenn Beall. If Beall should not run, the nomination could go to GOP Representative "Mac" Mathias. Tennessee's Bill Brock, a freshman Republican elected in a smashing style last fall, may, too, seek a Senate seat. Two seats will be up for grabs next year, those of the late Estes Kefauver and the very much alive Albert Gore. New York Congressman Sam Stratton, a Democrat, is chomping at the bit. He'd love to take on Republican Ken Keating. Pennsylvania Democrat William Moorehead may tackle GOP Senator Hugh Scott. Each of Hawaii's two Congressmen would like to oppose incumbent Senator Hiram Fong, a Republican. REPRESENTATIVES Bill Avery (Kansas), Charles Jonas, (North Carolina) and Arch Moore (West Virginia) are talked of as gubernatorial candidates. And roly-poly Elmer Hoffman would like nothing better than to give up his House seat and run on the GOP ticket for Secretary of State in his native Illinois. Note: Congressmen contemplating a Senate race may consider what happened to those colleagues who tried to move up last year. New Hampshire's two Congressmen, both Republicans, .ran for the Senate and lost. Illinois' Sidney Yates gave up a safe Cook County seat to dial- lenge GOP Senate Leader Everett Dirksen. The Democratic nominee was clobbered. Pennsylvania's Jim Van Zandt gave up years of seniority in a losing effort against Democrat Joe Clark. Connecticut Representative Horace Seely-Brown lost his seat when he ran against Democrat Abe Ribicoff for the Senate. Utah Democrat David King tried for the Senate seat his father once held. Incumbent Wallace Bennett won easily. ONLY Peter Dominick, Colorado Republican, successfully made the jump from House to Senate. South Dakota's George McGovern gave up his House seat in 1960 to run unsuccessfully for the Senate. He won last fall on his second try. Copyright 1963 Discount Plan Offered for Funding Debts By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN CREATIVE IDEAS come few and far between. Maybe Bernard L. Lamb, a non-professional student of international monetary affairs from Ho-Ho-Kus, N. J., has one. Like other Americans, Mr. Lamb is concerned about the behavior of Kennedy's advisers — the "Rover Boys from Cambridge," as he calls them — when it comes to prescribing a policy for halting the drain of U. S. gold into foreign hands. In the first quarter of 1963 the deficit in our Quotes From Today's News (Reg. U.S, Pat. Off.) By United Press International WASHINGTON—The Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth, a Negro civil rights leader: "I shall propose a civil rights march through the South that will go straight into the Black Belt of Alabama and Mississippi this year and in 1964. We must provide 'little Washingtons' everywhere so that the Negro in the cotton field who can't get to Washington can have a chance to express himself." balance of payments was running at the annual rate of $3.2 billion as compared with the deficit of $2.2 billion for the whole of 1962. The second quarter of the year threatened, when the figures were in, to push the deficit to a rate of $3.5 billion. The fault was not due to our exporters, who took in a surplus of $4.5 billion over the cost of imports for 1962, and who are not doing badly this year. What produces the adverse balance of payments is a combination of spending for military defense abroad and for foreign aid, plus investment in wholly or partially U. S.-owned foreign plants. To Mr. Lamb, it seems crazy that an adverse balance of international payments should bother a rich nation like the United States. After all, this country has lots of long-term debts that are owed to it. To begin, there is upwards of $19 billion carried on the U. S. Treasury's books as World War I indebtedness. Finland has paid us on the World War I debt, but other countries seem to have forgotten all about the financing of the first Armageddon. The U. S. will probably never see the money that our World War I Allies "hired." THERE ARE, however, long- term debts of some $13 billion that are owed to us because of foreign- assistance programs since World War II. A Morgan-Guaranty survey breaks the outstanding "lrve" debt down into $3.7 billion lent by the Export-Import Bank, $3.3 billion remaining from a special loan to the United Kingdom in 1946; $3 billion in other aid loans; $1.8 billion for surplus-property and lend-lease settlements; $1.5 billion for sales of farm products, plus interest and commissions that are still due. What Mr. Lamb proposes is that we offer France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom a 10 per cent discount for accelerated payment of these loans in their own currencies—francs, pounds, lire, marks, yen, and so on. Then, quoting Mr. Lamb, "we should organize an American Bankers consortium to draw on these currencies for travelers' checks and travelers' letters of credit." American citizens would pay at home .in dollars for their travelers' checks, but when the checks were cashed in Europe they would be balanced off against the accelerated payment offerings in francs, pounds, etc., of the nations that owe us long-term money. REMINISCING of Bygone Times tor, represented the Galesburg FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, Aug. 29, 1913 More than 4,000 people attended the ninth annual picnic of the Modern Woodmen of America held in Prairie City. A number of Galesburg residents were ^present for a performance given by the Barnum & Bailey Circus which was in the city for several days. TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Aug. 29, 1943 Leo Sullivan, faithful naviga- Knights of Columbus at a meeting in Decatur of the Central Illinois District, Fourth Degree, Knights of Columbus. An automobile belonging to LaVerne Grady, and parked on Boones Avenue, was partially damaged by fire which broke out on a seat cushion. Firemen thought the blaze was caused by a lighted cigarette. MADRID — Clinton Jencks, 19, one of the American youths who made a two-month trip to Cuba as guests of Fidel Castro, in defiance of State Department edicts: "Now I know the truth about Cuba. The people are happy there." THE MAILBOX Letters to the Editor MOAB, Utah - Casper A. Nelson, state industrial commissioner, describing three victims of a mine blast here: "They had their heads in the ventilation tube trying to get fresh air. That's where they were when they were found." News Controlled Editor, Register-Mail: Ten days after World War II ended, U. S. Army Captain John Birch was murdered by communists in China. He was on a peaceful and official government mission, and this should have been an international incident. But the authorities in Washington just suppressed the news of Captain John Birch's murder so thoroughly that even his parents did not know what had happened to him! That was managed news during peacetime. THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Thursday, Aug. 29, the 241st day of 1963 with 124 to follow. The moon is approaching full phase. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn. American poet and essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes was born on this date in 1809. On this day in history: In 1921, newspapers said the Ku Klux Klan had tarred and feathered 43 Texans in the past seven days. In 1960, the premier of Jordan and 11 others died when a time bomb exploded in Ms office. In 1962, President Kennedy appointed Arthur Goldberg to fill the Supreme Court vacancy lett by the retirement of Felix Frankfurter. A thought for the day: Mark Twain said: "Let us be thankful for the fools. But for them the rest of us could not succeed." Qalesburg Itegister-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois Register. TBl.ttPHUNE NUMBER ister-MaU exchange 342-6161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg. Illinois, under Act of CongTess of Mnrpn 8. 1879- Daily except Sunday Euiel Custer Schmitb Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. tddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor SUBSCRIPTION RAXES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mail In our retail trading zone: 1 Year C10.00 9 Months *3.&0 6 Months S 6.00 I Month 11.25 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery Advertising Representa- Company Incor- National tive: Ward-Griffith porated, New Vorfc, Chicago, Detroit. Boston, Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retaU trading zone in Illinois. Iowa and Missouri and by motor route is retail trading zone 1 Year $13.00 3 Month* §3.71 6 Months $ 7.00 I Month $1.25 By mail outside Illinois- Iowa and Missouri 1 Year Slb.QO 3 Months »5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month (2.00 If present-day students read old "Readers' Digests" and other magazines that were published then, they will find that immediately after World War II ended, our educat.i leaders were telling us that the Soviets were our good neighbors and that we should make concessions to get along peaceably with them. Almost nothing was said about communist war crimes such as those that had caused Russia to be expelled from the League of Nations in 1939. And, as a Jan. 22, 1955, Saturday Evening Post editorial stated, "Amazingly, there were in Washington responsible officials who were willing to suppress news of the murder of an American officer, apparently to prevent the American people from rising in their wrath and vetoing further appeasement of communism." — Raymond Puml'rey, DeLong. Asks for Stamps Editor, Register-Mail: Would you please be kind enough to publish the item quoted below in your paper? Would you be willing to help the Hartley Home for the Aged without any cost to you? You can do just that by cutting off the cancelled stamps from your mail and send them to me. Those having access to incoming mail in large corporations can be of great help. Executives can delegate someone to cut off the stamps in their corporation.— Charles Debold, 4427 N. Drake Ave., Chicago 25, III. 60625. A Matter of Fact Editor, Register-Mail: Upon reading the article oh the returning of the delegates from the Summer School of Catholic Action, I found several mistakes. Summer School of Catholic Action is a title and should have been capitalized, and Corpus Christi did not'have the largest delegation but the highest percentage (there is a slight difference). With the SSCA having an attendance of over 3 ,700 students representing 26 states and three foreign countries, 35 could hardly be the largest delegation present. I felt that you must have a striving to keep your paper factual and that I should bring these things to your attention as I attended the SSCA.—Theresa Bronson, 1008 N. Cherry St. Foreign travel might be restricted in certain countries to the use of the foreign currencies. The tourist might be allowed, in Mr. Lamb's plan, a discount on the understanding that the "blocked" funds would be used for travel expense and for gifts purchased in foreign countries. MAYBE Mr. Lamb's idea is not practicable. After all, nobody can be compelled legally to pay off on a long-term debt unless it is so stipulated in the bond. And there might be internal difficulties in kicking up the pounds and lire. But I remember the time I was traveling on a magazine expense account in Europe in 1946. My home office told me to use all the francs I needed — after all, it was only "blocked" money. So I spent freely, building up good will — and sources — for my boss. Maybe Mr. Lamb has an idea that would impel lots of Americans to travel. And maybe he has an idea that would be welcomed by Germany, France, etc., as,a way of reducing their long-term debt at favorable discount rates without putting up any gold. Mr. Lamb is an amateur — and this columnfst is an amateur in passing the suggestion along. But something has to be done about that drain of gold. Assisted tourism, paid •for in foreign currencies carved out of debts that are due us in the future, might possibly be the complement to economist Eliot Janeway's suggestion for tax rebates to exporters. If all this is impracticable, so be it. But all avenues to international solvency seem to this columnist to be worth exploring. Copyright 1963 From p afi t. The raS1, £ Present For now thou numberest my steps: dost thou not watch over my sin?-~Job 14:16: * * * However wickedness outstrips men, it has no wings to fly from God .—Shakespeare. Crossword Puzzzle This and That The Register-Mail welcomes considered, temperate, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscribers on current topics of local, regional, state anu national interest in the form of letters to the editors. The Register-Msil, however assumes no responsibility for the opinio therein expressed. Because of space limitation letters should not exceed 200 words in length. They will be subject to condensation. Any letters lacking a complete signature or containing libelous or defamatory material will be rejected. No letters can be returned. ACROSS 1 Insect tibia 5 German measure 9 Quoits peg 12 Major-domo 13 Tranquillity 14 Harem room 15 Introduced 17 Negative word 18 Chairs 19 Clothiers 21 German naval commander 23 Disfigure 24 Vulgar fellow 27 Uncommon 29 Deep incision 32 Excuses (colL) 34 Whist term 36 Enumerate 37 Baseball pitcher 38 Masculine nickname 39 Layer (dial.) 41 City in the Netherlands 42 Wile 44 Highlander 46 Beginnings 49 Fabricate 53 Blackbird of cuckoo family . 54 Made tender of 56 Philippine peasant 57 Ireland 58 Tooth stump 59 Light source 60 Italian city 61 Foot part DOWN 1 Enervates 2 Engage 3 Notion 4 Arboreal homes 5 Oriental coin 6 Rag 7 Sailing 8 Becloud 9 Meritorions 10 Smell 11 Baseball clubs 16 Sprightly wit 20 Kind of brew 22 Artist's frame 24 Cavil 25 Nautical term 26 Steno's work, 28 Moral 30 Arctic vehicle 31 At this place 33 Coffin stands 35 Final race 40 Classify Answer to Previous Punfe r i I L_ A E B AL 1 A i_ A S O N O T' Q D E P o s 1 T S SI 1 K E E X A M I N E 1 P|E R M E T s O E IS" E M R ia A • S E R * lu B 1 w i V/ • T U E l_ IA R N O H e A R P O |M O G 1 i_ E V A <3 A P E l_ A W P 1 U s A e P 1 C c A P T 1 O N P A L_ E A P 1 T A T E 1 m 1 E M U A N o A N E A E S E R 43 Indian tent 45 Lock of hair 46 Horse food 47 Two-toed sloth 48 Masculine nickname 50 Stream in Italy 51 Repast 52 Border 55 Transportation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 la 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 • 19 20 """ 121 22! • 23 24 25 26 1* L 29 30 31 32 • 36 3, 38 • » 40 • 4, 42 «r 46 'so 51 52 53 54 5j 67 58 59 66 61 29 NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.
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