BLYWHTOLLE (ARK.) COURIER NBW8 TUESDAY, APRIL 6, 1954 The McCarthy Story-2 isconsin Senator Made First Red By HEM PRICE WASHINGTON (AP) — Shortly after 4 p.m. on Feb. 20, 1950, the junior member from Wisconsin, Joseph R. McCarthy, Republican, gained the •floor of the United States Senate. "About 10 days ago ... he began/ "I made the statement that there are present in the State Department a. sizable number of Communists. I made the further statement that of one small group which had been screened by the president's own security agency, the State Department refused to discharge approximately 200 ... "The secretary of state promptly denied my statement and said there was not a single Communist in the whole State Department. I thereafter sent a telegram to the President" that the Wwconiin senator produce proof. One wily Southern politician recalled later that he advised against such a move. "I told them then," he said: "'Don't do it. All you are going to do Is puff this man up and call attention to him. He's nobody in the Senate and has no influence, but if you attack him then you'll only give him stature in the eyes of the people.' And what happened." that's exactly The advice was ignored. Two days later the Democratic-controlled Senate set up a subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Relations to make an inves- has been perpetrated upon Senate of the United States." A Republican committee member, Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. of Massachusetts, filed his individual views on the subject raised by McCarthy. Lodge said: • • • "The fact that many charges have been made which have not been proved does not in the slight- tee of the responsibility for undertaking a relentlessly thorough investigation of its own . . . "There was a tendency throughout the investigation to give a far greater amount of time to proving or disproving individual MCCARTHY read a copy of thi telegram. In it he said: "... I have in my possession the names of 57 Communists wh are in the State Department a present. "While the records are not available to me, I know absolutely o one group of 300 certified to the secretary of state for discharge because of communism. He actually only discharged 80 .. ." The telegram demanded tha President Truman revoke his executive order forbidding disclosure o: the contents of loyalty files anc added: "Failure on your part will label the Democratic party as the bedfellow of international communism . . ." The speech McCarthy was delivering climaxed 10 days of the most intensive fidgets that had beset his fellow members of congress ,the Truman administration *nd newspaper correspondents for some time- The statement he described had been made at Wheeling, W. Va., before a Republican women's club. Newspaper stories had quoted him as saying at Wheeling: "I have here in my hand a list of 305 that were known to the secretary of state then Dean Acheson ac being members of the Communist party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the .policy in the State Department." The next day, having flown to jjSalt Lake City, he was quoted in a recorded radio interview as sayIng: "Last night ... I stated I had the names of 57 card-carrying members of the State Department." H McCarthy's listeners in the Senate had expected him to clear up this seeming self-contradicition, they were to be disappointed. Instead, he went on—for six hours altogether—to rake the State Department from every angle. • • » The attack continued thereafter, not subsiding entirely even after Dwight D,. Eisenhower was elected president and John Foster Dulles became secretary of state. As that evening, in 1950, wore on, McCarthy began reading into the Congressional Record what he said were case histories of Communists or fellow travelers in the State Department. He said he had now compiled a list of 81. "While I consider them all important," he said, "there are three big Communists involved ... I do not believe President Truman knows about them ... To those who say, "Why don't you teU the State Department; why do you not give the names to the State Department?' I say that everything I have here is from the State Department's own files." McCarthy named no names. He said he would give them to senators in private or to a committee and that if he were called upon to testify on them before a committee he would appear under oath. He simply listed his cases as Case No. 1" and so on through 81. For example: "The man involved in Case No. 1 is employed in the office of an assistant secretary of state. The intelligence unit shadowed him and found him contacting the members of an espionage group . . ." The day after McCarthy's Wheeling speech Scott Lucas, Senate Democratic leader from Illinois, called a meeting of the Democratic Policy Committee. He was for attacking McCarthy with a demand the rules of common sense as bad security risks." In angry tones, Tydings said: "You have left the committee in a rather embarrassing position because the resolution which brings us here and which brings you here reads as follows 'In the conduct of this study and investigation, the committee is directed to procure by subpoena and examine the complete loyalty and employment files and records of all government em- ployes in the Department of State and other such agencies against whom charges have been heard.' "Without somebody makes a charge, or you call it a charge, what do we do then? How do we et the records? We are authorized ;o get them by the Senate language if you or somebody else makes a charge. We are in a pretty small position to issue a subpoena." McCarthy replied "... I am not in position to file any formal charges." In four months of hearings the committee heard 35 witnesses and ome three million words of testimony. The Democratic majority of the ?ydings committee, as it came to be known, said in its final report hat the 81 cases discussed by Mcarthy on the Senate floor were drawn from a list of 108 presented aefore a House subcommittee on appropriations in 1947. The ma- ority also said it found these same lames had been presented to three ther House committees and had 'een discussed on the floor of the House Jan. 28-29, 1948. The majority report continued: "We are thus confronted with he amazing spectacle of four dif- erent committees of the 80th Con- ress, which was controlled by Sen. McCarthy's own party, having con- idered the very same files and nformation which provided the FARMERS We have the Agency For the new WILSON DO-ALL MACHINE. That Prepares your land—4-Rows at a time—Ready for The Planter—All in one operation. For A Demonstration or Further Information, Call. HARDY SALES & SERVICE Phow 6978 1 Dlyihcville tigation. Sen. Millard E. Tydings D-Md.'-was named chairman, and one of the end results of the investigation was a bitter enmity between Tydings and McCarthy. The committee called McCarthy as its first witness March 8. Having been sworn, McCarthy said: "I am not making charges. I am giving the committee information than was given to problem of ferreting the out charges over-all disloyal the committee majority said he worked for four months in 1945-46 for the United Slates Reparations Commission to Japan, lectured to State Department employes once in 1946 and participated for two days in a conference on Chinese affairs in 1949. The committee Democrats concluded: "We find Owen Lattimore is not now and never has been in any proper sense an employe of the State Department . . . We have no evidence to support the charge that Lattimore is 'a top Russian spy' or any sort of spy." Nearly three years after the Tydings committee report, however, a grand jury in Washington on Dec. 16. 1952, indicted Lattimore on seven counts of perjury. persons. Democrats on the Tydings committee also asserted that at the time McCarthy was reading his list of 81 to the Senate only 40 of those names stil: were employed by the State Department. "Seven of the so-calle 81," they said, "were never employed by the State Department and the remaining 33 are no longer in the depart- on individuals who appear to all rnent, having been separated — with none of these committees so much as regarding the situation as me meriting a report or citing a ingle State Department as dis- oyal." The Tydings committee Democrats concluded: . . The charges of Communist nfiltration upon the State Department are false ... We have seen the technique of the 'big lie' elsewhere employed by a totalitarian dictator with devastating success employed here for the first time." In addition, the Tydings committee majority reported that "a fraud through resignation, termination or reduction in force." While the State Department was McCarthy's principal target, he shifted his aim from time to time to the committee itself. He charged its missio nwas to "whitewash," which the committee denied. McCarthy demanded that the files of the 81 be produced by President Truman. He said they would prove his case. When some State Department files were produced, the Wisconsin senator declared they had been "raped" of vital entries. The committee denied this too. All the while the committee was in session McCarthy kept up a drumfire of headline-winning statements. Two involved widely known Americans—Owen Lattimore, then a professor of international relations at Johns Hopkins University and Philip C. Jessup, U. S. ambassador-at-large under a temporary appointment. lican" himself, the late Sen. Robert Taft (R-Ohio), charged that influential forces in the State Department had "refused to regard the delivery of government papers to Communists as a serious offense. " Taft said it wasn't true, as some Democrats charged, that "Sen. McCarthy is deliberately and publicly accusing prominent citizens of Communist connections for political purposes." Taft asserted that the Tydings committee had been instructed by the Senate to make an investigation of McCarthy's charges. He said that hadn't been done. "The majority," he said, "seem 10 have been more interested in hampering Sen. McCarthy than in carrying out the investigation." McCarthy now had become a political issue. His charges were to ring through the next campaig.n Tomorrow: McCarthy. Men who bucked This followed an investigation by the Senate internal security committee into the Institute of Pacific Relations, a private research organization, to determine whether it was infiltrated with Communists and whether it influenced U.S. foreign policy. In May 1953 four of the seven counts against Lattimore were tossed out by U.S. District Judge Luther Youngdahl. Youngdahl said there even was some doubt as to , whether the remaining three indict- I - voun ? er daughter, Barbara, and Dempsey's Daughter Wed LOS ANGELES (£>)—Ex-heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey's On March 26, McCarthy said Lattimore was the man he had described as the top Soviet espionage agent in the United States. McCarthy called Lattimore a key State Department consultant, "chief architect of our Par Eastern policy." McCarthy charged Jessup was a man with an unusual "affinity for Communist causes." Three former secretaries of state —Cordell Hull, James F. Byrnes and George C. Marshall—and the then secretary Dean Acheson denied that Lattimore had had anything to do with construction of Far Eastern policy. As for Lattimore's employment by the State Department, the Tydings ments would pass the test of materiality. • The chief charge against Lattimore is that he lied when he said he had never been a Communist sympathizer or promoter of Communist interests. After Youngdahl's action, the government appealed to a higher court for reinstatement of the charges. This appeal is still pending. Jessup appeared before the Tydings group and under oath swore he was not and had never been a Communist. He produced letters in which Gen. George C. Marshall and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower vouched for his loyalty and integrity. The committee Democrats said the record showed "facts which conclusively demonstrate that Dr. Jessup is actively opposing the aims of communism by deeds as well as words." Whatever the truth or untruth of McCarthy's charges before the Senate Feb. 20 or his subsequent statements, they provided a rallying point for some Republicans in their attacks on the Democratic administration. On April 16 Sen. Kenneth Wherry (R-Neb.) came to McCarthy's support, one of the grst senators to do so. * • • Wherry said that "instead of trying to smear McCarthy, try McCarthy or even whitewash the evidence of Communist influence in the State Department," an effort should be made to "weed out those Communists." Three days later "Mr. Repub- FOR TOPS IN SCREEN & AWNING SERVICE SEE OR CALL Knop Screen & Awning Co. Building Specialties 633 S. E. Parkway Dr. Phone 4233 Zephyr Aluminum & Redwood Awnings, Venetian Blinds, Aluminum Screens & Perma Shade Aluminum Awnings. Four little words with a great lag meaning ant On Glenmore's label you'll find the words Distilled and Bottled by. This means that only Glenmore made this whiskey. If we got whiskies from other distilleries to bottle as Glenmore we could not put Distilled and Bottled by on our label. You know what you're getting with Glenmore —uniformity, good taste, high quality — bottle after bottle. So, the next time, look for the words Distilled and Bottled by and for the name Glenmore —a oombiaatiou that assures you the finest. Every Drop Distilled and Bottled by 6LENMORE DISTILLERIES COMPANY KfNTUCKr \ KENTUCKY STRAIGHT BOURBON WHISKEY Jack McMillian IJI, a Los Angeles City College student, were married yesterday in our Lady -of Loretto Cuhrch. The newlyweds will continue their schooling. Barbara, 17, is a high school senior. Building Permits and Real Estate Transfers Three building permits were issued last week by the city for the construction of two residences and one addition to a residence. Farr and Allen received a permit for the construction of a, $7,500 five-room, fram residence at Magnolia and Second streets and Alice Willis obtained a permit to build a $3,500 five-room, frame house at 209 West Clinton. C. E. Johnson was granted a permit to construct a $500 carport at his home at 901 Adams. Real estate transfers recorded in the office of the circuit clerk last week were : Susan Moore to Mary Davis, for $200, Lot 27, Block 9, W. W. Hollipeter Second Subdivision. Meta S. Sherman to Earl and Willie M. Simmons, for $4,800, third interest in 4U acres in SW quarter of SE quarter of Sec. 27- T15N-R11E. Irene Ottomeqer, Clara Tiggard, Viola Halmake, Edna M. Ross, Henry and Emma Q. Miniea, Sylvester and Alma Miniea and the heirs of Laura Miniea, to Earl and Willie Simmons for $4,800, third interest in SE quarter of SW qua- ter Sec. 27-T15N-R11E. F. Jarvey and Mabel Parrish tc Jack and Elise Vowell, for $10 and other consideration, Lot 17, Block 4, William L. Walker Second Subdivision. Ray and Bertha Thomas to H. H. and Nola Howard, for $2,000, W hall, Lot 1, Block B, Saudemayers Addition to Leachville, Zouline Powell to Charles and Louise Lipford, for $10 and other Michigan Had to Change Rules To Invite Ike to Mackinac LANSING, Mich. (fl>>—Michigan's Legislature had to change its rules last night to invite President Eisen- consideration, W 50 ft., Lot 3, re- plat of J. P. Pride Subdivision. Franklin Johnson and Clarence Johnson and Tom Johnson, to First Baptist Church of Blytheville, for $1 and exchange of property Lot 3, and 4, Block 3 E. O. Adams Subdivision. W. C. and Roxie Cates to Terrell Jones, for $10 and other consideration, Lot 4, Block 10, Elliot Addition. C. B. and Wilma Sherer to A. C. and May Spellings, for $1 and other consideration, Lots 19 and 20, Second Park Addition to Leachville. Johnny and Wanda Wisdom to James T. Wisdom, for $1 and other consideration, a lot 62 x 63 ft. in NW quarter of SW quarter of Sec. 6-T15N-R11E. hower to make Mackinac Island his summer White House in 1955. The invitation, part of the plan for the Soo Looks Centenial, was contained in a concurrent resolution, sponsored by Republican Senators Harry F. Hittle and William A. EUsworth. But Sen. Edward Hutchinson. also a Republican, protested that legislative rules forbade adoption of concurrent resolutions in the last week of a session- So the invitation was delayed while the Senate changed the rule and asked the House to do likewise Sen. Donald W. Gilbert, Republican, said, "Isn't there some way we can invite the President without going through all this maneuvering. It's a nice gesture but alter, all, he isn't going to come anyway." The House now must act. 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