The Index-Journal from Greenwood, South Carolina on May 27, 1980 · Page 14
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The Index-Journal from Greenwood, South Carolina · Page 14

Greenwood, South Carolina
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 27, 1980
Page 14
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Today' s ;JLiiying r ; The Index-Journal Page ,14-- Tue.. May 27, J 980 f MWt U l.i !' mm M I Mill III l m 1 - si ? .jii.-l'liWirilWM'L Musical games No, these children aren't trying to keep from hearing any noise. They are playing musical games during their Yamaha Music Class. Pictured are Susan Baker, left, Elisse Frederic and Leah Robertson. Bubble gum enjoyment is firmly embedded lifestyle Big-league ballplayers give it a workout on national television. Consenting adults indulge in it more than most people realize. But most of all, school kids delight in it. You can chew it, crack it, chomp it and pop it. You can blow it up until it burst, and then do it again and again. Yes, you guessed it. The substance is bubble gum that exciting, diaphanous, ubiquitous pink variant of gumma mandere (chewing gum). And to kids of all ages all over the world, bubble gum is as popular as television, summer vacation and even the Muppets. For those of you who may ha ve forgotten your childhood chomping, bubble gum is a rubbery substance that comes in big, chewy chunks. You flatten the wad between tongue and teeth, then part your teeth slowly against the gum. Blow and wow! A beautiful bubble blossoms. While similar to ordinary chewing gum, bubble gum's difference lies mainly in having a film strong enough to hold more air than the ordinary variety, thus enabling it to create bigger and better bubbles. Nobody seems to know exactly who got the original idea to blow a bubble with ordinary chewing gum. Quite possibly it was an accident. The first known inventor didn't even patent his creation, fearing that someone would expose his trade secret, and to this day won't reveal the original formula except to say, "standard ingredients, all natural ones." Author Robert Hendrickson traces the origins of bubble gum in "The Great American Chewing Gum Book." While he acknowledges that bubble gum's history should not be blown out of proportion, Hendrickson 's crack investigative account bubbles with interesting morsels on which one can chew and chew. Hendrickson reports that the first known bubble gum appeared in 1906. It sported the name Blibber-Blubber, a trademark that understandably has never been used since. Blibber- Blubber was too sticky, too brittle and hardly cohesive. Experimenters went right on searching for the ultimate bubble gum. Finally, one August morning in 1928, the age of bubble gum came bursting into the 20th century. Walter Diemer, a young accountant bored with debits and credits, was trying to create a large, dry bubble that wouldn't burst in the face of kids. Experimenting with a new batch of bubble-gum mix, Diemer blew a huge, beautiful bubble that eventually burst in his face, but remarkably, peeled off easily. There were some minor problems with this bubble-gum mix, but eventually Diemer removed all the quirks and even added the pink color that is associated with bubble gum. Pink was the only kind of food coloring he had available at the time. The day after Christmas in 1928, Diemer's bubble gum was test-marketed in Philadelphia, Soap story Here's a quick guide to the various soaps in the stores today. Moisturizing or superfatted soaps contain lanolin or some other skin softener. Glycerine soaps work in a similar way to combat the ordinary drying effect of soap. Deodorant soaps contain odor fighters. Medicated soaps have bacteria fighters to aid troubled complexions. Some soaps contain oatmeal which rids the skin of dead surface cells. They're good for oily skin. Cleansing gels are for skin too dry to use soap. where a little candy store on the 1400 block of Susquehanna Avenue became the first in the world to sell it. The bubble gum was an instant success; within months, imitations flooded the market. Diemer's Dubble Bubble quickly surpassed Tootsie Rolls in sales to become the world's biggest selling sweet, thus making bubble gum an American institution and giving Diemer a place in the history books. Free samples were given to grocers, druggists and candy stores, and in no time, it became the chewing sensation of the country. The Good Housekeeping Institute and the Parents' Institute approved the product. Everywhere one turned, kids seemed to be blowing pink bubbles. Soon more than 20 companies were competing for a share In the ballooning market. One firm, the now defunct Bowman Company, inserted picture cards in its bubble gum packages, becoming the first to do so. Initially these cards depicted the traditional cowboys and Indians, but later on showed pictures of war heroes. In prewar years kids were spending approximately $4.5 million a year on bubble gum, but during World War II a shortage of an essential ingredient, Siamese jelutong, forced gum makers to halt domestic production, thus bursting the great bubble of the bubble-gum business. But GIs were blowing bubbles all over the world, even in Alaska, where many Eskimos came to prefer bubble gum to their own whale blubber. The popular expression during the war, "loose lips sink ships," gave way to the famous Topps Company advertisement: "Don't talk, chum; chew Topps gum," which illustrates how popular gum-chewing had become. The postwar years marked such a boom in the bubble-gum industry that manufacturers could not possibly keep up with demand. Immediately, bubble-blowing contests sprang up to crown local chewers for the loudest, pops, as well as the biggest, messiest and most "glamorous" bubbles. A black market emerged, dubbed the "pink market" for the color of the "bubbly" gum, and was operated mainly by kids. The kids made a corner oh the market, monopolizing the local supply and reselling the product at up to a 500-percent markup. Bubble gum has achieved its popularity mainly because of kids. Kids have spent hours in long lines to get it, paid phenomenal prices for it, and even wrestled one another for it. Which brings us to the present. The chewing-gum industry, as a whole, has undergone major changes in recent years. There are now gums to freshen your breath and gums that contain medicine for the relief of practically anything, from a sore throat or headache to airsickness. Another gum is made from Bubbles Blowing a ladder of bubbles is only half the story for these youngsters. The other half is in their mouths. A brand-new carbonated bubble gum sets off a popping, sizzling tingle on the tongue. ginseng, a root reputed to have the same power as the fountain of youth, while still another gum can be your best friend in your golden years because it does not stick to dentures. But bubble gum has remained basically the same through the years. Companies have included duterent extras in the gum package, such as baseball cards, stickers, small statues of mons ters, horoscopes, tattoos and the like. But until now, the actual bubble gum has remained essentially unchanged. Social scientists say that gum-chewing is reflective of today's more relaxed and casual American lifestyle. Now it may accurately be said that bubble gum has become part of the nation's pop culture. , Spmciaiizii .( fx ln9 PERMANENT HAIR REMOVAL Phort" 229-1182 today to arrange for your private complimentary consultation and demonstration treatment. You'll be glad! you did! Park Plaza, Suite 202 ; Greenwood, S.C. Music is more than notes t V. J n I I Gina Wood Maxie is only four years old. Yet the tot sized child climbed eagerly on the piano tool at the recent Little Miss ' Greenwood pageant. After playing short selections from several musical arrangements, she turned to the audience and smiled. She later was named the talent winner in the competition. She only started playing the piano this year. Mozart himself began playing the harpsichord at age three. He began work as a composer at age five. More and more studies are showing the ability of children to learn quickly during the developmental pre-school years, said Mrs. Wynette Leake, Gina's music teacher. As the instructor for the Yamaha music program in Greenwood, Mrs. Leake said the ages of three and four are not too young for the child to begin musical training. But the music training of the Yamaha program is not private music instruction for the young child. The formal teacher-student relationship of the structured traditional piano class gives way in the Yamaha classroom to a less formal, game type atmosphere. However, that is not to say that the class isn't serious work. Once a week Mrs. Leake's stu- i m I, - - r,'-jrMM Staff sMskyKma Patlt small keyboard organs used for class instruction and wait for private work from their teacher. ' As soon as all class members arrive they gather around the piano, sing songs and take turns playing the piano keyboard. As soon as the songs are finished ' and each student has a turn, they return to their organs, w ; ' . - Together, as a class, they work on the songs in their song-books. But the hour class isn t Just spent at the small organs. The children work -also on. ; rhythm techniques, recognizing -notes and playing - musical games. . The students who have pianos and organs at borne can practice what they learn in their classes ' the organ can be transferred to the piano. She came upon the Yamaha method of instruction for young children when she was working as a choir director for children at the First Baptist Church. She said she was looking for a method of instruction that would allow her to teach children without losing their attention. The Yamaha method provided the answer to what she needed. She found that by varying the content of the class, she could indeed teach for a full hour. . At the end of the second year in the Yamaha program, some of' Mrs. Leake's students, who are as young as age five, are already writing tneir own compositions. at home. Parents are encour- What are the advantages of aged to come to the classes with starting music so early? Mrs. Lease again stressed me aouity of children to grasp knowledge at an early-age during toe oe- Helpful advice their children and to share in what their children are learning. Class size is limited from eight to 10 children, said Mrs. Leake, affectionately called "Miss Winnie" by her students. The small organs fr instruction are used, she said, because the keys are easy for small fingers to play. Later, the techniques used on velopmental years. Through the . program, she believes that the natural abilities of the child are brought out and developed at an early age. As the child gets older and perhaps wishes to begin pri- (See Music, page 15) Arthur McCallum gets a few helpful pointers from instructor Wynette Leake during nut music class. dents ranging in age from about four to nine arrive at her house with music books and satchels in hand. They choose one of the It's not too late for snap beans (Information in this column is supplied by Clemson University Extension specialists and S C. Agricultural Experiment Station personnel. Questions may be submitted to Extension Editor, Clemson University, Clemson, S.C. 29631) Q. The Extension gardening manual says plant snap beans in April in this area. Would I be wasting my time to plant some now? E.H., Society Hill. A. Plant them. In this state we can plant snap beans just about any time from April until the fall. Insect pressure will be heavier and harder to control later in the summer and yield may be off during extremely hot weather but they should still do fairly well. Steve Olson, horticulture. . Q. There's a bright range "dust" covering most of the wild blackberry vines near the edge of our garden. Any ideas what it might be or if it will harm the garden? Do we need to take any type of action to protect the garden? A.M., Anderson. A. The orange is bramble rust which is quite common in most of South Carolina, especially the upper part of the state, this time of year. It will not kill blackber ries or other brambles but it may dwarf them. There is no reason to be concerned about your garden unless it contains raspberries or other brambles such as domestic blackberries. And even these are safe if they are varieties which are resistant to this rust. Walker Miller, plant pathology. Cotton officers named Mrs. Ernest Carpenter of Greenwood has been named 1980-81 president of the Piedmont Cotton Wives. Other officers, all of Greenville, are Mrs. Tom Pitts, vice president; Mrs. William Rixey, secretary; Mrs. George Herron, airs, raw Nipper, assistant treasurer; Mrs. Ben Tipton, hospitality; - Mrs. I.L. Donkle, Mrs. Hurdle uee, programs; Mrs. Morgan Fayssoux, communications and Mrs. Jerome Alexandre, advisors. Mrs. Jake Gardner of Spar tanburg also is an advisor. Swim Wear & Cover-ups treasurer Lingerie by Vanity Fair and Lorraine Membership tea Staff photo by Kara Petit Lynn Dube, left, fills out a form for membership in the American Association of University Women during a tea Monday at the Lander Alumni House. With her are Marilyn Keiger, center, membership coordinator and Judy Moore, president. Cjrtat J)J.a. for 7 l T trainer a eUucn from Murrells Inlet. S.C. Large 65"x82"13'4' overall 1 Year Guarantee. Inese are as good as we ve seen. Thurs., Fri.. Sat. only Must Special Order Hurry Reg. 59.00 SS"S2 Where Mean Meets Maxwell - Uptown Greenwood Thayer's - The shop of beautiful gifts 229 Four Thousand " Wain It Jewelry 1 k SJJKJ and Sportswear Free Gift Wrapping ' Fragrances by Germaine Mon.;iI & Galore m Hampton 11 Tfll Free Place V J 4rmmep Mlyq 19 d

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