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4 Galesburg Register-Moil, Golesburg, III. Wed., Aug. 28, 1963 Charges of 'Radical' Loom for '64 Campaign By PULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Democrats, who will make the Radical Right a major campaign issue, may find themselves on the defensive next fall. Republican National Chairman Bill MHler has served notice that the GOP will throw a powerful spotlight on the "Radical Left" and its peculiar affinity for the party of Jefferson and Jackson. He has issued a public challenge to his Democratic counterpart, John Bailey, to repudiate the resolutions passed by Young Democratic leaders from 13 states who met last week in Berkeley, Calif. THE YOUNG OEMS demanded a resumption of diplomatic relations with Fidel Castro; a non- aggression pact with the communist satellites of Eastern Europe; and the withdrawal of U. S. troops from South Vietnam, now under communist stege. Chairman Bailey has hung out the "no comment" sign to those feporters who have sought access to his office. Other Democrats, perhaps fearful of the "Radical Left" tag that Republicans hope to pin on their party, are not so silent. Congressman Ralph Harding, Idaho Democrat, who faces a tough re-election campaign, issued an immediate statement deploring the "Radical Left's" take-over of the Young Democrats. "I feel I have an obligation," Representative Harding told his constituents, "to oppose extremism on the left and that is exactly what I considered these resolutions to be. "I want to completely disassociate myself from these three resolutions. They are not only unwise but extreme." UNDER GOP attack next fall will come members of the ultra- liberal Americans for Democratic Action, who heavily populate the Kennedy administration. Says Miller: "Chairman Bailey makes the bi'oad and unsubstantiated generalization that the ultra-right is taking over the Republican Party. He* names no names, because there is not a single member of the John Birch Society or any other ultra-conservative group in a position of influence hi our party structure. On the other hand, I can name names, and I will." Among those names, of ADA members, or former members, in the President's administration: Cabinent member Freeman, advisers Sorenson, O'Brien and Schlesinger; the State Department's Harriman, Williams, Bowles, and Rowan. Also Ivan Nestingen, Under Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare; Under Secretary of Agriculture Charles Murphy; and Henry Fowler, Under Secretary of the Treasury. OTHER ADA wheelhorses include Assistant Labor Secretary George Weaver and Assistant Postmaster General Frederick Belen, plus the U. S. Solicitor General, Archibald Cox, and hundreds of assorted underlings. The Democratic membership in the Senate is full of Americans for Democratic Action, Miller in sists, and the House has a mor#» than-liberal quota. • What does the ADA demand? Recognition of Red China; abolN tion of the House UnAmerican Activities Committee; foreign aid to "neutralist" and communist dictatorships; and accommodation with Castro Cuba. • • * THE PRESIDENT has less than a month to redeem one of his most important campaign promises. Swinging through Texas on Sept. 12, 1960, Nominee Kennedy promised to eradicate all dictatorships from the Western Hemisphere within three years. That gives the President two weeks in which to overthrow Fidel Castro, among other dictators still riding high. Copyright 1963 Do New Nations Know What Liberty Means? EDITORIAL Comment and Review 'A Missile's On the Way, But It's All a Big Mistake' The new "hot line" opening on Sunday, Sept. 1, between the White House and Kremlin is an admission by both sides that this age of nuclear deterrents has a hair-trigger. Events attain a momentum of their own—a phenomenon known in military parlance as "escalation." Unless leaders have a means of quick communication, the risk of war occurring by accident or miscalculation is extreme. During the Cuban crisis of October 1962, there was a serious delay in getting communications back and forth between Washington and Moscow. On one or two occasions, President Kennedy told a news conference last Dec. 14, it was necessary to rely on open broadcasts of messages, rather than on use of coding procedures that take a number of hours. The President concluded, "In a nuclear age, speed is very desirable." Premier Khrushchev must have concurred because on April 5 the Soviet Union announced at the 17-nation Geneva Disarmament Conference that it was "ready to agree" to having a special emergency link with Washington without waiting for broader disarmament agreement. The United States had first proposed the "hot line" in its draft outline of a disarmament treaty a full year earlier. But most of the credit for the innovation should go to a newspaper Sunday supplement which several years earlier started drumming up public support for a Kremlin-White House emergency telephone link. Under terms of the final accord, signed June 20 in Geneva, a teleprinter will operate 24 hours a day for such emergency situations as may arise. In case of interruption of the wire circuit, transmission of messages will be via a new standby radio circuit. Both means are viewed as much safer and surer than a direct telephone hookup. In his book On Thermonuclear War Herman Kahn warned that proposals for establishing "prewar" communication channels would have to be examined for the possibility that they might be exploited. For example, the enemy might gain crucial minutes in a sneak attack by calling up and announcing that several test rockets had been fired off course by mistake. But President Kennedy already has stated: "If he (Khrushchev) fires his missiles at us, it is not going to do any good for us to have a telephone at the Kremlin. . .and ask him whether it is really true." A Costly Strike How much does a big strike cost? Nobody can say for sure, of course, but experts have made some informative appraisals. During the 1959 steel strike it was estimated that $70 million was being lost in wages every week, and $300 million in production. At its peak 375,000 non-steel workers were idled by the strike. The 116-day strike—longest ever in the industry—caused a decline in gross national product in the third quarter of 1959 of $5.9 billion from the second quarter annual rate of $484.5 billion. Take this year's 114-day New York city newspaper strike. Employes lost $50.4 million in wages and benefits. The papers lost $108 million in advertising and circulation revenue. No one can really tell what the impact on business in Manhattan was, but conservative estimates start at $300 million. Nobody, again, can really tot up in advance the cost of a railroad strike. Undersecretary of Commerce Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. on Aug. 21 gave the House Commerce Committee a few gruesome approximations. A month-long rail strike, Roosevelt said, would throw 6.5 million Americans out of work, boosting the unemployment rate to 15 per cent. It could cost the nation as much as $25 billion. Some other samples of the impact of a long strike: 30 per cent of defense shipments normally going by rail could not be switched to other carriers. Our balance of payments problem would be further worsened by tied up exports. Liquid chlorine, which cannot be Rubber Consumption AKRON, Ohio (UPD-U.S. consumption of synthetic rubber this year will be larger than the nation's consumption of both .synthetic and natural just a little more than a decade ago, according to the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company. Goodyear's publication, Rubber Industry and Motor Vehicle Facts, gives a J 963 synthetic rubber consumption estimate of 1,265,000 (m) tons. This compares with total rubber consumption of 1,258,000 imj ton* in 1950. shipped by truck, would not be available for the sewage systems of large cities. Big cities that depend on commuter trains would suffer a "traffic catastrophe," and some big factories would close at once. Coal and other mines would shut down. Farmers would face "great economic hardships." Grave public health problems would arise. Roosevelt's testimony was anticipated by a Washington Post survey prior to the July 29 deadline which was later moved to Aug. 29. This showed that in 1962 railroads accounted for more than 43 per cent of carriers' 1.4 trillion ton-miles. The study put the cost of a 30-day strike at $75 billion. Some of this, of course would be retrieved by a very sharp rebound when the strike ended. About 60 per cent of normal rail traffic could not be moved. The railroad's 100,000 refrigerated cars could not possibly be replaced; the available refrigerator trucks are now fully utilized. Of 12 million trucks registered in the nation scarcely more than a million are first-class combinations of tractor-trailers capable of efficient intercity transportation. The impact of a rail strike would, of course multiply almost to the point of explosion with the passing days and weeks. Roosevelt acknowledged that most industries have at least a week's supply of materials on hand. After that, "the economic costs of the strike would surge upward at a rapidly accelerating rate as more and more industries exhausted their stocks." When the intervention of the Secretary of Labor and Vice President brought an end to the marathon steel strike in early 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy, who had just announced his candidacy for the 1960 Democratic Presidential nomination, said that the administration had recognized only belatedly its power to exert influence toward a settlement. Congressional action which seemed assured today will prevent the catastrophic effects predicted if the threatened strike had occurred. By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE HANDWRITING is on the wall for any nation opposing the aims of the African states that formed a common front recently at Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. Franco's Spain — bowing, even as de Gaulle's France did on Algeria ILLINOIS TAX FACTS In Federal Jobs Illinois Ranks Fifth SPRINGFIELD — Maurice W. Scott, executive secretary of the Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois, today called attention to the fact that Illinois ranks fourth among the states in population and fifth in the number of federal government civilian workers. In a recent state by state compilation of Tax Foundation, Inc., he noted that Illinois, with a population of 10,081,158, had 104,649 such federal employes. Scott commented that the Federation is on record as advocating a long hard look at all increases in the number of civilian federal employes. At last count there were 2.5 million such workers employed by the federal government inside and outside the continental United States. "Many believe," Scott noted, "that Washington, D. C, is the spot where most federal employes can be found." However, the above compilation showed only 255,244 in the nation's capitol. An interesting comparison of the half-dozen most populous states indicates the fallacy of the belief that most federal employes are on the banks of the Potomac: —has signified that it is willing to relinquish its hold on the few square miles of African territory that it still retains. And, inexorably, the African representatives at the UN press their case for getting Portugal out of Angola and Mozambique and for boycotting South Africa as long as it persists in its policies of apartheid. The Addis Ababa Africans will get their way because of something that started in 1776, when American Britishers, resenting King George Ill's denial of their rights, declared themselves to be free. But few Americans today will stand up and cheer when the Africans try to link their new tradition of "freedom" with our old one. For the fact is that the 20th century "revolution" in Africa is a corruption of the 18th century revolution. It does not stand for individual rights, it stands for national power. The continuity of our revolutionary tradition has been cut, and the terrible thing about it is that the school children who traipse through the UN Building in New York City are hardly aware of it as they watch Mr. Quaison-Sackey of Ghana, for example, denounce the white "master race" of South Africa without mentioning the habits of his boss at home, Dictator Nkrumah, who considers any political opposition to the governing clique of Ghana to be a prison offense. RECENTLY this columnist was browsing through a collection pf sermons by American colonial clergymen that had been assembled by his friend, Rev. Stewart Robinson, who used to preach in Elizabeth, N. J., before he retired to pursue a hobby of historical research. What was striking State Rank of about the old colonial sermon was the way they had of recurring to the "party line" of the liberal revolution of the 18th century as it was formulated by the half-forgotten English philosopher, John Locke. Over and over again, the clergymen of 1776 drummed it into their 18th century parishioners that the free man had a right, not merely to national freedom, but to "life, liberty and property." It was a triad, a trinity, of rights, but it was also a unity; for liberty and property, so the clergymen were certain, were the means by which a free man might aspire to control the course of his life without begging for permission to exist. Listening to Ghana's Quaison- Sackey and others at the UN, as I do from time to time, I get no sense that they care for the Lockean rights as either a trinity or a unity. They want a "right •to life" for Africans as members of a sovereign collective, a nation-tribe, which is legitimate enough in terms of their own traditions. But when it comes to individual liberty, and individual property, these things are aot thought of as "unalienable," in Thomas Jefferson's phrase. They are considered as gifts to be disposed of arbitrarily by government. And the white man who is faced with the prospect of having his own liberty or property violated if he chooses to stay on in Africa under local rule is usually afraid to risk it. SO WE HAVE the spectacle of English ranchers in Kenya getting ready to pull up stakes and depart despite the fact that Africa is the only home they have ever known. THE DOCTOR SAYS Everyone Spends Some Time In the Land of Dreams By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Federal Federal Government Government State by 1960 Civilian Civilian Population Population Workers Workers «few York 16,782,304 187,820 2 California 15,717,204 251,591 1 Pennsylvania 11,319,366 135,276 3 Illinois 10,081,158 104,649 5 Ohio 9,706,397 93,097 6 Texas 9,579,677 119,946 4 REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Aug. 28, 1913 Evidently spurred on by the success of the nightly robberies, members of the unlawful fraternity started in on daylight burglaries when the home of J. W. Dickson on North Seminary Street was entered and ransacked. Turning a complete backward somersault off the rear platform of a streetcar was the stunt performed by a young man who was a passenger on the East Galesburg car. The young man was standing on the rear platform leaning against the rail when the car left the track at the corner of Seminary and Main streets and bounced along the pavement. The jar threw the man over backwards. He had a cigar in his mouth before the accident, but when he picked himself up from the pavement, it was missing. Looking around, he found it, put it in his mouth and left the scene unhurt. Vermont and Delaware have the least number of federal government civilian workers, the former with only 3,447 and the latter with 3,809. "Although 175,000 quit their federal jobs every year, according to one estimate, the federal civilian working force has slowly edged up in recent years," Scott said. He also noted that the fiscal 1964 budget would add approximately 36,000 to the rolls. One Congressman figured that this would be adding workers at the rate of one every 15 minutes of the day for a year. In reminding Congress to "take another look" Scott noted that the federal civilian payrolls are nudging $16 billion and said, "Let's give economy a chance." Now You Know By United Press International The worst mine disaster in United States history occurred on Dec. 6, 1907, at Monongah, W. Va., when 361 persons were killed, according to the World Almanac. IF YOUR friends rail you a dreamer, chances are you are given to flights of fancy. But when we sleep everyone is a dreamer, although some of us have greater difficulty remembering our dreams than others. Sleep laboratories at the University of Chicago are now uncovering many unknown facts about dreaming. Electrodes attached to the scalp and eyelids record brain waves and eye movements during sleep. Periods of rapid eye movement have been found io coincide with periods of dreaming. Students who acted as paid guinea pigs for these observations were found to have a fairly consistent pattern, consisting of a dream lasting five to 10 minutes early in the sleeping period, then one every hour or so thereafter. The length of the dreams increased to as much as 25 minutes. There were about five dreams a night, and a total of about an hour and a quarter of dreaming. The idea once held that a dream which would require 10 minutes to live through could flash through the mind in a few seconds has been decisively disproved. The students who acted as subjects were not paid just to sleep. They permitted the observers to wake them up and record their dreams. When they were awakened in the early hours of sleep that would end the dream — but when they were awakened during one of the longer dream se- (Continued on page 40) They have no trust that old John Locke, with his triad of rights, will mean a thing to the new Kenya rulers of tomorrow. In the Portuguese African territories European ranchers have, in good John Lockean fashion, "mixed their labor" with natural resources to create properties — and 1 i b e r t y — for themselves. They have done this, moreover, without practicing apartheid, or segregation. Now they are threatened with extinction by the terrorist, Holden Roberto. If the Revolution of 1776 had gone ahead in straight-line fashion, wit! liberators paying full deference to "life, liberty and property" as an indissoluble three- in-one, Americans might show more enthusiasm for the demands of the Africans. But freedom is not freedom when men, irrespec- give of the color of their skins, can't look forward to keeping and extracting nourishment and enjoyment from what they have labored to create. I am perfectly sure the Africans are ^oing to get their way, all the way from Cairo to the Cape. That is the way the winds of ideology are blowing. But what has it got to do with our own revolution, which was fought for the individual, not the tribal State? Copyright 1963 F ™ m Past: The 2" Present The Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:—Philip- pians 2:5. * * • Earth changes, but the soul and God stand sure.—Robert Browning. Qalesburg l^gister-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois fELJSPHONk NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-8161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg. Illinois, under &ct of Congress of Mprrh 3. 1879. DaUy except Sunday Ethel Custer Schmltli Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager At. H. fcddy Associate Kdltor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New VorK, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEH ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the local news printed in this newspaper as weU as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mall in our retail trading zone: 1 Vfear $10.00 8 Months |3.S0 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retaU trading son* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months $3.74 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 By mall outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 year $18.00 3 Months 15.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle South Seas Answer to Previous Puzzle Cerro Bolivar is a mountain of iron ore one mile wide, four and a half miles long and 2,000 feet high. The deposit was discovered in Venezuela in 1947. It lies in an area believed to contain as much as 2 billion tons of iron ore. ACROSS 1 Capital is Suva S New Guinea airfield 8 Indonesian island 12 Exclamation of sorrow 13 Ounce (Neth.) 14 Auditory 15 Entrusts 17 Goddess of victory (Gr.) 18 Look into 19 Musician of a sort 20 Profits THE ALMANAC TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Aug. 28, 1943 George Raft was starring in the motion picture "Background to Danger," featured at the West Theater. A retired veteran of the Galesburg Police Department, John A. Nelson, 513 Monroe St., died at St. Mary's Hospital. He had served 30 years as a peace officer prior to his retirement in 1922. Following the death of Police Chief Fred Hinman, he was appointed chief of the department. By United Press International Today is Wednesday, Aug. 28, the 240th day of 1963 with 125 to follow. The moon is approaching full phase. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn. German poet and dramatist Johaim Wolfgang Von Goethe was born on this date in 1749. On tills day in history: In 1833. the British Parliament banned slavery throughout the empire. In 1917, ten suffragettes who picketed the White House were arrested for disturbing the peace. In 1922, a New York realty company paid $100 to sponsor the first radio commercial. In 1941, Japan sent a note to President Roosevelt saying Japan was interested in pursuing peace. A thought for the day: Adolf Hitler said, "mankind has grown strong in eternal struggles and it will only perish through eternal peace." 21 Boy's nickname 26 Corded fabric 24Rule d rs(Ger.) ™ plum 28 Where (Latin) 29 "104" (Roman) SO Furnace tuyeres 31 Italian river 33 Mother of Romulus 34 Railroad post office (ab.) 35 City on Dnieper River 87 Full of wonder 39 Legal precept 40 Papal name 41 Meat jelly 44 Heading 47 Wan 48 Headlike 49 Osiris' wife 50 Australian bird 51 Wild ox 52 Season (Egypt) 53 Education group (ab.) 54 Danish weights DOWN 1 Decay I 2 Holly 1 SVaniishw* 4 Radioactive product 5 Cuts of meats' 6 Stake 7 Letter 8 Thinnest 9 Tiptoe 10 Similar 11 Freezer 16 Location 19 Hawaiian food 21 Indonesian island 22 One of Marianas 29 Ship's 23 Spanish river. complement 24 Ukrainian city 25 Hindus of mixed descent 82 Greasiest 36 Shellac source 87 Sweet cassava 38 Drops (arch.) 40 New Guinea r 41 Samoan capital 42 Window frame. 43 Fold 44 Arrived 45 Siouan Indian 46 Adjacent 48 Central (ab.) F NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.