The Pantagraph from Bloomington, Illinois on May 14, 1942 · Page 1
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The Pantagraph from Bloomington, Illinois · Page 1

Bloomington, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 14, 1942
Page 1
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txlv Remember Pearl Harbor! CENTRAL ILLINOIS' fc HOME 11 NEWSPAPER SINCE. 1040 9GTH YEAR. NO. 134. BLOOMINGTON, ILL, THURSDAY. MAY 11, 19J2.-EIGHTEEN PAGES. Ml A'WM'Utl li PHI, : C NIT Mi mrum IN INTERNATIONAL Newa (CRVICB SINGLE COPY 5 CENTS 3 A tmh mm mm 'Gas Hogs' Appear In -East's Ration Zone Complaints, Sharp Charges Fly on Seaboard Tht barbed term "fat hoc" took iU place In tht lexicon of the average easterner Wednesday to de-senbe that variety of the motor- ng species who IniiiU on getting larger government gasoline ration than he legitimately need. With the advent came the prompt threat of criminal prosecution for fraud by ra-O tionlnr oRielala who viewed with dismay tnrreaslnc evidence that a lot of cltliens w ith no plausible reasons had argued themselves Into "X HERE'S SOMETHING WORTH LIVING FOR SEATTLE. CH Police credit an extra inning baseball game with halting a suicide attempt by 30 year old housewife. Two patrolmen, called to the woman's residence Tuesday night by neighbors, reported she turned on the gas while listening to a broadcast of the Seattle -Los Angeles Coast league gome. In the 11th Inning she became so Interested she turned off the gas and by the time the game ended In 3-5 tie four Innings later she had changed her mind. cards granting them unlimited MMIPA XTIflrC quantities of fuel. I lOUJC Jill? preponderance B V S 5 0 A T ffl V 1-3 cards which jpply, expressed n . , , the matter by I QV lIQUTG Bookie Booked for Murder Fingerprint. Bring Up 10 Year Old Case NEW YORK. CP) The alr-rl. nets of a fingerprint expert and British forces held stubbornly to imvw injiiv ucinuvu typunmnari fh in rt Kit fr ti..-i I a . - . I ISV iM V " f Mi Vfc UUIHiyi led to the arrest of man wanted Aft .,ffnrin VVi' Z murocr o bloody setback, the Japanese ad- ii P ,lcemnn mon than 10 vance guard on the Burma road rr' . ... was reported In a Chinese com One month ago a man Identified x., I- tri. . " I IIIUIIIUUS AiUIII IIUIIKHIIIK W l. I SlFvi? V'?,' rr,Mt have penetrated at least 50 miles as a bookmaker and after olcad- i.m- m,!-.. r .m.. . . . " I uniuv viiiiia whaj tsi u as h ajui i bx ing Bumy ne was given a sus- ii, ., . ,.. . ,2. Chinese Brace Io Meet New Jap Hordes Reinfprcementi Move Up for Invaders Along Burma Road LONDON. CD (Unverified) Veterans of the China wars un der the personal direction of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek braced their lines Wednesday night against a reinforced Japanese penetration of their soil while isolated, exhausted Chinese and m A school official Mass., noting 'the of applications for B- jtrant a liberal supply, expressed his feelings in aaylng: "Rationing Is producing a nation of liars." Lee S. Buckingham, acting rationing administrator for New York city, announced all ration pended aentence. Before belnir ."Jr" n.u' 7' released, however, he was finger- i.m -fv,. printed at headquarters. Subse quently Detective Frank Tweed ZL;bKLVL,i3 found thm nHni. ,r- J supposedly la Kunming, capital of Rocco the Barber) de Felanse W,n" Chin, terminus 50 u'tnii k. rn..- i. " i oi uie Burma rona. province. The objective of this drive connection with the slaylnc of Patrolman James Caplis. Seized Boarding Bus. The officer was slain in a north side restaurant holdup Dec. 21, ivii. blx of the -seven gunmen Were Kpntonrffrf in .Tntlot nnnl. AinK taius wuuia do invesiiEaiea i skuviv v m v muuui- - ww.. W there at ih rnnriH.inn f thi. ly scale for men In the lowest tcntiary but the seventh, identified three day registration period end- ranks in the army-navy pay raise "de relapse, escaped Probably Sum Will Be Cut, However WASHINGTON. D. C. W) Ing cards would be investigated The house stuck to Its $50 month- Slash Commnlcatlons. A Chungking spokesman said however, that the Japanese in the Lungllng area had made no prog ress since Tuesday, and expressed opinion they might not try to ad vance farther because of the heavy casualties they have suffered In Yunnan province. While Chiangs seasoned troops fought this new incursion, other, inffThnrutav n riotArtntn. .hfh. bill WednesdAV but Indication I ueiecuves r rancis J weni. jonn wiih house approval, fpnrrhpH tnr A FaIudsa tnr fho Fiv(,n lasi mree weexs and were reward- w "- uled Wednesday for their vlffllnr m.0,.r- B when they seized him as he " enemy's thinly guarded i ,w boarded a bus. communication lines in northern iu using imu I'uruurmiijr wiui I . z T. 7 ." . r,, k- - a v.. ,u- . Asst. Dist. Attv. Georce Mona-Iurma The .nt hill Mil. fnr $12 nH ln Quoted de Felapse as saying: Discount Reports. ... -w. T - - I ST I 1 1A. t Ut. VI 1 ii leaders said the plan was to ad- , l"l Kiaa 15 over W,U1, l -nunSKing aiscioseo mai xne " hmtA Kaah ii n Mr i n m b-ai m 4 Volt I T I. J . . J ... .... icrcii v curving otuuiiu aictw i uctpuntrse iiuu upeneu up u new Yirlr rnr fha fact 11 vnre tvtrh fMnt Vtv nnnnMmt MAkitnnJ lnls on my mlndi Knowing aU the the Meknnff r ver from Tha land The house Wednesday Increased time that the cops were after me. I into the Burma-Thailand-French the amount tn'H.lfl adnntinir an I hnvA led a hpll nf a lifp T'rri I TnJz.ri.inr. v,.. n. , -r . I - . " " - MlUV-Vllilia UUIUCI A B1IU amendment by Representative only sorry for my wife and two have oceunied the town of Hone. Kankln (Dem.. Miss.), who said children." ink. Then thev nressed on to- such action might avoid a bonus Acted M Lookout. ward Mongko where the Chinese ngni auer me war. a roil can Tu nA a u-.i, eneaeed them vote of 331 to 28 Wednesday rati- he me to Nw York J-ftpp th. The Berlin radio reported from ned Tuesday's action. The meas-L. ; . nnnV j ... tninaA Tokvo meantime that three ure then was passed with only three weeks later by his wlfe I Chungking divisions had been an "f""c"wlMVC vtc... Tean. d their two dauehters. ninuaied m tne uurma iignung, Oltla.) voting against It. paiin. 17. and Marv. is. Thev I While British land units, try. A private now receives S21 u0a Ko.n .t i-x ur.. R9nd intf to extricate themselves from Burma, witnorew closer to xne Assam border, a military spokes man at New Delhi discounted Japanese reports of success in encircling British remnants, Conaressmen All In a Dither BY RICHARD L. TURNER. WASHINGTON, D. C CD here to that figure. w Gasoline rationing Wednesday had congress In a dither the like of which has not been seen since the lawmakers voted but later pealed pensions for themselves, A Registering at their special 9 facilities In the capitol, many had asked and received "X" cards. An "X" card entitles the holder to yawn and tell the gas pumpaman to "fill her up." - TV A irntlnfl1 vmiKI!. w.?nrVi4 nn?n . rMA r.i.t,.r it. -..n.ti.,o. monthly for the first four months. in rhi at the capital exercising the priv- J .u, tnl nexl eig . 8na 7 poce said de Felapse admitted ileees of an unlimited rasoline m.onthly after years serv!c?- acting as a lookout for the gang suddIt. In the east, that votinc w.hUeJn apprentice seaman gets but denied having a gun In his public is strictly rationed on gago- J30, The bill, under present con- possession at the time of the slay-line. And the country over, war- ference Plans, would Increase all mg Monahan said he had told - - " MM VAil 4a flit I.. m . A I .... A f wtime self sacrifice, is popular. Some Members Shudder. All hut fl fpw nf tliA Vimtco mom- bers and a third of the senate are h11..??.8. of enliste? men seeking re-election this year, And . . . well . . . votes are un these rates to $42. him he would not waive extradi- Boost for Enlisted. Ition at his arraignment Thursday It also provides increases for on charges of being a fugitive, With the same increases for Stato Tf Airl equivalent naval grades, first certain things at best . . . and class privates i now receiving J?" Retumma TfOODS the Situation Was one that could wouia oe raisea io io oy uic r l.- epnatp hill nnii SSd nv Tnp nmisp ZTC BOmC 01 U'e B Wl : Cornorals now deceiving $54 SPRINGFIELD, ILL. - (TO nictwtir,f nr. would be paid $66 under both Illinois soldiers, sailors and ma measures. Calif.l. Hp kpens nn ear n Sergeants and petty officers when they return from the pres- W Washington. He announced he now paid $60, $72, $84 and $126, ent war under a plan announced would ask the senate to vote depending upon their grade, Wednesday by Gov. Dwignt ti. Thursday on a resolution In which would be paid $78, $96 and $114 Green. It calls for establishment it would foreswear the use of and $138. Second lieutenants and of a reception center to contact gasoline or any other rationed ensigns would be raised from $125 each returning service man and commodity In amounts trreater to $150. with simultaneous in- places the facilities of the state at 4 than those allowed the general creases m tneir rental and xooa nis aisposai. Faddis (Dem., allowances. public, T? pnrpcpntflti vp Pa.) had an "X" card, he said, lanAnoco Rlftt and "no apologies to make for it." Mapaticac IMVl "I'm not yet ready to admit f VanCOUVer mat any Dureaucrai downtown, or any newspaper for that matter," he declared, "has any authority to tell a congressman what his duties are or how he should conduct them." Green said that the state wel fare department has been instructed to obtain from the fed eral government the identity and home address of every Illinois combatant released from the army and navv forces, and arranffe for vajnuuuvilu, a. the setting up of the centers. Japanese under detention at tne The department, he said, , has immigration building here staged been directed to contact the re-a riotous demonstration Wednes- turned service men immediately day, smasnmg windows on xne up- and to offer such facilities as oer floor on Which they are held guidance in securing allnwanrps The "X"-cards were issued the and turning a firehose on people for disabilities, clinical or hospital congressmen without question upon m the street below, their representations that "all or Chunks of plaster torn from the suostantiauy au" oi xne use o walls of their quarters and an their cars was on "official bus- iron grating were thrown into iness." Faddis and others who tne street, the Japanese mean. discussed tne situation on xne while snouting so loud that they noor conxenaea xnat uiys u. couid be heard several hundred nome to mxerview xneir consiuu- dg ; Japanese women ents and trips around Washington gtod nearby and waved fo them All was quiet early Wednesday niuht- Immigration aiit.horitips Price Administrator Leon Hen- declined comment. The affair was derson Issued a statement laxe m in the hands of military au- the day wmcn said notning aooux thorities. tne trips DacK nome dui renaereu services for physical and mental ills, and aid in getting employ ment, Reds Admit Being Forced Back By Superior Nazi Army on Kerch Major Sea Fight May Open Soon LONDON UP) Reuters reported Wednesday In a dispatch date-lined "on the German frontier" that Gen. Henri Honore Giraud, French military leader who escaped from the strong German Koenigstein fortress, has offered to return there in exchange for release of 500,000 French prison ers of war. the opinion that "the use of a car i rvffr Ulf Viv a mpmhpr of ronffress or any V7lrauu vneis JCir m other federal or state employe in por 500,000 Frenchmen ' government agency is official bus iness." Fuel Oil Delivery Cut WASHINGTON, D. C UP) Curtailment of deliveries of fuel oil will be extended to 15 mid-western states for the first time Av June 15. The new war production board order, issued Tuesday night, pro hibits deliveries of oil for use in equipment installed after June 15 in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kan- . sas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minne-w Sota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee- and Wisconsin. The order also reduced fuel oil and gasoline deliveries 50 percent below last year in Oregon and A Washington. v Former Lawmaker Dies CHICAGO. UP) Frederick B. Poos, 58, lawyer, banker and former veteran member of the Illi-nois state legislature, died in his home Wednesday. In suburbar f orest Park after a brief illness. PUBLIC AFFAIRS By Radio 8 p. m. WENR, Blue Network America's Town Meeting of the Air "How Can the Americas Best Safeguard Their Future?" House Votes Expanded West Point Patronage WASHINGTON, D. C. UP) The house voted Wednesday to give each senator and representa tive another appointment to the military academy . .at West Point, but turned down another pro vision of the bill authorizing the secretary of war to fill vacancies remaining for any reason at the beginning of the academic year. The bill, which goes to the sen ate, would increase the present authorized strength of 1,960 by 536. Teacher Shortage WASHINGTON, D. C. UP) A serious shortage of teachers in vocational schools was reported Wednesday by L.. H. Dennis, executive secretary of the American Vocational association, and a committee of the organization pro posed draft deferment for them. BY DREW MIDDLETON. LONDON. UP) (Conjec ture) Hitler's 35,000 ton battle ship Tirpitz may lead the German battle squadron out of Trondheim at any time and the ensuing battle with British and Allied heavy warships will be the "largest na val engagement of the war Europe," an informed quarter said Wednesday. The almost continuous battle of the Arctic, where the Germans are trying to close the northern sup ply route to Russia, has been m tensified lately as lengthening days give German aircraft more time for reconnoissance, and the southward drift of polar ice nar rows the passage to the Soviet ports. The Germans claimed Wednes day that bombers sank an 8,000 ton freighter and a small coaster and damaged four large transports m the latest engagement along Norway's Arctic coast and in the harbor at Murmansk. The British say Hitler is failing to destroy the British convoys with his light forces, submarines and airplanes, however, and that Admiral Erich Rader will be forced to use his only battleship that is known to be whole, the Tirpitz, plus the pocket battleship Admiral Scheer and the cruiser Hipper, both also .at Trondheim, against some future convoy. "When he does the Allied squad rons will be waiting. The Ger mans will be extremely lucky if they get a single large ship back to port," an informed source de clared. Informed quarters said the Ger mans are more concerned now with the northern route to Russia than any other. They have ordered their crack U-boat commanders from the north Atlantic to attack this road and the number of de stroyers, submarines and bombers in the area is steadily increasing. Truck Law Relaxed CHICAGO. UP) Illinois has relaxed its laws to allow longer and heavier trucks carrying war freight to roll along its highways. Germans Claim Kerch Battle Already Won nv IVES GALLAGHER. LONDON. Civ- (Unverified) Germany'! continuing attack on the Crimean Kerch pcniinsula took on the form Wednesday night of the opening thrust In a coming Nazi offensive from at least three points toward the oil wealth of the Caucasus, an of fensive backed by two million of Hitler best combat troops now reported massed in the Ukraine. Informed London sources, al though discounting German claims of having broken the Russian lines, captured 40,000 prisoners and "decided" the battle of the isthmus In an assault employing 2,000 dive bombers, said the Germans now could be expected to smash at Rostov from Taganrog, above the Sea of Azov, and to attack in force southeast from Kharkov. Claim Bir Advance. In late broadcasts the Germans claimed they already had reached the Sea of Azov in a northeasterly penetration of Russian Crimean defenses, cut Red army communi cations from the rear, destroyed or damaged a Soviet evacuation fleet and destroyed 183 Red planes in combat As for Kerch itself, where Ger man troops under Gen. Fritz Erich von Mannstein have been smash ing for five days at the Russian army of Lt Gen. D. T. Kozlov, competent London informants said the key to the situation is in the air." Strait May Stop It. "If the Germans can control the ir they can keep the Russian Black sea fleet away, smash re sistance on the peninsula and prepare to jump the strait to take the Caucasus defences of Rostov from the rear," one source said. But he added, if the Russians could maintain air parity there was little likelihood of outstanding German success even if Kerch at the eastern end of the penin sula were taken, for then the Germans would not be able to ne gotiate the few miles across the strait. The German high command said the battle was "concluded" with destruction of enemy forces encircled and overrun and that "remnants" of the Russian penin sular force were being pursued toward the tip of the isthmus. Defenses Broken. German commentators broad cast that the Germans were now well beyond Parpatsch, in the neck of the Kerch isthmus at its narrowest point, that German ar tillery had broken the first So viet defense lines and that infan try was being thrown into the assault. The Russian defenses near Par patsch, described as deep anti tank trenches with several lines of strong fortifications which, in the words of German propagand ists, were razed to the ground by dive bombers. All these claims were confi dently regarded here as greatly exaggerated, for they were remi niscent of the unfounded "annihilation" announcements which Hit ler's headquarters broadcast to the world last autumn, just before the tide of battle turned in favor of the Red army. Yet both here and in Moscow information so far available in dicated the Kerch affair was only a prelude to later, large scale op erations. New Production Principle To Get Tryout in U. S. WASHINGTON, D. C CT The British principle of "con-ccntraton of production" was employed by the war production board for the first time Wednesday in an order halting output of cooking and heating stoves by large producers after July 31 but permitting continued production by a group of small manufacturers. Another innovation in the stop order designed 39 "labor shortage ajeas" In 15 states and prohibited large or small stove companies In those areas from continuing production after July 31. Electric stoves were not affected. Concentration of production that is, requiring the bulk of on industry to convert to war work while concentroting the industry! permitted civilian output in a few firms is a long debated technique which has been used In Great Britain for some time and which officials here predict may be ex tended to other United States Industries. One official described Wednesday's order as "something of a trial balloon we want to see how It works." Pope Says Family Must Be Preserved Urges Nations Make a Peace Based on Justice He Still Would Fiaht for Nazis CLEVELAND. UP) Donald Kintner, held for the war sabo tage shooting of a railroad en gineer, Wednesday declared he believed the United States and England have the "best govern ment in the world" but added he. still would "like to fight for Germany." Kintner, 20, pleaded guilty be fore United States Commissioner D. Nicola to a charge of shoot ing out train signals ana was held to the federal grand jury under $10,000 bond, which he was unable to furnish. The jury also will act on two other charges of shooting the en-ineer and destroying signal lights. The three carry maximum penalties of $30,000 fines and 80 years in prison. VATICAN CITY. (Vatican Broadcast Recorded by UP at New York) Pope Pius called upon the rulers of nations Wednesday to rally for preservation of the fami ly in peaceful existence and warned them that the future of the world will be on their con sciences. He said he did not intend to make a specific peace offer since It was not likely to be accepted under the present circumstances, but he urged the leaders of nations to conclude a peace based on justice even if this did not satisfy all of their ambitions. "I made peace offers in the early stages of the war, but without positive results, and such offers may even cause grievances and dissatisfaction in some countries," the pope said. Makes No Exception. Speaking on the 25th anniver sary of consecration as a bishop, he said that the "second front, the front of the family," is threatened by war, and warned of the terri ble destruction which future op erations can bring. The pontiff said he was ad dressing a "word of peace" once more to all belligerents without exception. "We raise our voice once more with the utmost insistence," he, said. "We think of the suffering in the occupied territories, of the hardships of prisoners and ofj wives separated from their hus bands." Expresses Concern. bpeaking of the front of the family, he said this sacred institution was threatened by the war. ihe Fope expressed paternal concern over the distress caused by the "universal, calamity" of war, but indicated his pleasure that his anniversary was being ceieDraxea oy millions of Catho lics all over the world. SHIPPING NEEDS REVISED, SAYS LIPPMANN SHIPPING. Whole setup needs to be revamped, declares Llppmann Page 4 SUGAR. First lady has trouble getting it for canning Page 9 FESTIVAL. More than 500 to take part In school music sessions Page 5 NURSES. St. Joseph's class to be graduated tonight Page 13 SPORTS FESTIVAL Farm and home bureaus cancel annual function Page 9 WAGES. Police, firemen can't waive top salaries, court rules ., Page Z SHEEP. Shearing- time Is here Pag-e 15 Retire to New Positions-Deny Some Nazi Claims St. Lawrence Sub Victims Number 14 Second Ship Sunk, Canada Reveals Farm Fund Bill Reported Out WASHINGTON. D. C UP) An annual farm fund measure carrying some 865 million dollars of cash and loans emerged from the senate appropriation committee Wednesday and headed for a series of disputes on the senate floor. proDamy starting Thursday. senator Russell (Dem., Ga.) reminded reporters that the total was considerably below the more than one billion dollars usuallv voted by congress for federal farm programs. As the annual farm supply measure reached the senate, it contained $680,383,695 in cash and some 185 million dollars of author. ity to make loans. This was about 32 million dollars cash and 80 million dollars in loans more than amounts voted by the house. 41 Bodies Up From Coal Mine A ST. LAWRENCE RIVER PORT, CANADA. UP) Four teen crew members from one of I two ships sunk by torpedoes from enemy submarines in the St. Lawrence river were reported dead or missing Wednesday night. The first definite report of cas ualties in the Monday night at tacks came from a rescued offi cer of one of the torpedoed freighters. Briefly, here is the story he told: One freighter was struck by two torpedoes and the entire crew of 46 reached short in lifeboats. The second freighter was struck about the same time by a single torpedo, and 29 crewmen were picked up by another ship and taken to a nearby port. One man died from exposure after being taken from the water by the rescue ship and 13 others are missing. Showers, Cooler, Fresh Winds HXTNOTS: Thursday etter(i light 'how-cm and cooler, fresh to moderately strong wind. PANTAGRAPH WEATHER RECORD. Wednesday maximum, 82: minimum, 6t Wednesday t a.m. 3 p.m. Midnight Tenrperatura ..... M 81 8 Barometer M.10 2.02 29. Of Run eta Thursday: S:09. Sun ris Friday: 8:44. PANTAGRAPH PHONES 4500 Nazis May Be Using New Type of Shell BERN, SWITZERLAND. UP) (Unverified) An explanation of the German foreign office, as quoted here by the Neue Zuercher Zeitung, indicated Wednesday that Germany's "surprise weapon" in the Kerch offensive probably is a new type shell which detonates with such intensity as to deafen and immobilize persons over a wide area and which generates gas as a by-product. The Germans have announced that they would not use gas as a weapon of attack but this ver- sion indicated that they may consider gas freed in the bursting of high explosive shells a different matter. The German foreign office explanation as quoted by the Swiss paper said "naturally there are poisonous gases which escape when modern explosives are detonated, but that does not mean chemical battle materiaL" Foreign military experts here concluded that the shells probably were an improved version of those reported to have been used in the Belgian campaign, the chief effect of which was temporarily to stupefy large numbers of combatants. Regardless of various new weapons being employed by the Germans, including new types of bombers and fighters, foreign military expert said there were indications that Germany still is not able to launch her long predicted big drive. The present Kerch offensive was described as an effort to gain more favorable fighting positions to launch the big offensive. OSAGE, W. VA. UP) With the bodies of 41 explosion victims recovered and 15 still to be found, rescue workers toiled Wednesday night clearing away debris hiding the remaining men believed to have been trapped in the ChriS' topher Coal company's big No. 3 mine. The rescue crews hauled three bodies to the surface Tuesday and removed 38 others Wednesday to the accompaniment of sobs from grief stricken widows and children who stood among the hundreds of spectators around the mine mouth. Officials expressed themselves as certain tnere were jd mor bodies in the mine after making an exhaustive check, but all ap parently were in the hard hit third section affected by the blast Biddle's Duties In London Mounting LONDON. (UPJ Anthony J. Drexel Biddle Jr. presented his credential! to King. Haakon VII Wednesday as United States ambassador to Norway and now is ambassador to four United Na tions governments in exile and minister to two. Norway and Holland have been raised to embassy status." Biddle previously was minister to Norway, Holland, Greece and Jugoslavia and ambassador to Poland and Belgium. MOSCOW. CD (No Reason to Doubt) Russian troops fighting the Germans on the Kerch peninsula in the Crimea have retired to new positions because cf superior Nazi strength, the Soviets announced officially at mid night. The communique denied, how ever, German official assertions that the battle had been con cluded. "Fierce fighting still , Is going on." It said. The midnight communique text: "During May 13 our trooDS. od- posing numerically superior forces of Germans, retired to new posi- uons. The German communinu claim that the battle of Kerch resulted in a German success and that they captured many tanks and guns and took a large number of prisoners is nothine but a lie. "Our troops are retirins in eood order and inflicting heavy losses on the attackers. Other Sectors Quiet. "In the Kharkov direction of the front (in the Donets basin) our troops took the offensive and are successfully advancing. "On other sectors of the front nothing of significance took place. soviet ships In the Barents sea sank an enemy transport of 12,000 ions. The German high command Wednesday claimed that 40.000 Red troops had been cavtured. and the battle was decided at the approaches to Kerch which with the narrow isthmus of the name bars the way to a jump into the Caucasian oil fields. The Nazis also claimed the "annihilation of enemy forces which have been overrun and encircled there." A supplementary Russian com munique said: "During May 12 our air units destroyed 32 German tanks, 320 motor vehicles with woods and supplies, 105 carta with supplies, 48 field and anti- aircraft guns, 10 mortars, eicht anti-aircraft and marhfnA fftm firintf' rineiffnne smashed a railway train and six platform cars with trucks, dispersed and partly annihilated an enemy- regiment." Dugouts Overrun. The destruction of 43 more Nazi planes raised the announced toll to 145 since Sunday, and presumably most of those downed were operating as a covering and dive bombing force for General von Mannstein's tank and infantry troops pounding the Russians along a 12 mile line between the Black and Azov seas on the Kerch pen insula. The Soviet communique implied that the preliminary Red dugouts and concrete emplacements along the neck of that peninsula had been overrun, but gave no indication of the depth of the German penetration. Lt. Gen. D. T. Kozlov's Red troops in the area have their backs to the Kerch straits, supported by a reservoir of troops on the Caucasian mainland four or more miles to the east. Presumably most of the Red air bases also are on Caucasian soil. Kharkov, the scene of the announced Russian offensive, is 230 miles northwest of Taganrog, tha southern Nazi anchor on the main land across the Sea of Azov from Kerch. The big industrial city has been held by the Germans all winter despite constant Red attempts to retake it. Reds Say Olive Oil Used in Nazi Engines MOSCOW. (UPJ (Unverified) German engines of war ara lubricated with olive oil, indicating that the Nazis are running low on vital raw materials Eugene Varga, the Soviet's foremost economist, said in Tuesday edition of the Communist party newspaper Pravda. He wrote that German reserves of lubricating oil, fuel oil and non-ferrous metals were dwindling and that the Nazis were experiencing an acute shortage of silk, cotton and leather goods. Gang Reports Defense Stamp Counterfeiting to the FBI NEW YORK. UP) The underworld, which rarely turns down a chance to make a dishonest dollar, was given a big assist Wednesday in the arrest of six men charged with attempting to sell fake war savings stamps. Secret service agents of the treasury department who . collared the men Tuesday and seized 210,000 unperforated stamps of 25 cent denomination potentially worth $52,500, told this story: They said that some months ago one of the prisoners went to Detroit to sell a block of the bogus stamps at half price to the "purple gang" which in turn was to realize a substantial profit by turning the stamps in for defense bonds. Members of the Detroit gang, however, not only turned down the offer, but considered it their patriotic duty to let the treasury department know what was up. The charge against the six was conspiring to counterfeit stamps worth $52,500 had they been valid, and FBI Chief James J. Maloney .said that while sales had not been started he had na doubt the gang contemplated passing them on a nationwide scale.

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