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Vacant*Stor« Building Problem Solution Successful: See Page Two Qalesburg Kegister-Mail Weather Stripe Red Pleasant Temperature* Are Indicated Tonight And for Wednesday A Better Newtpaper If w T • • VOLUME LXXII —202 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS —TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS' Miners in High Spirits During Rescue Railroads to Pu t Em bar go On Freight WASHINGTON (UPI) — The nation's leading railroads announced today they will embargo all freight effective at 12:01 a.m. (local time) Thursday because of the nationwide strike threatened for that time. A railroad spokesman said the action means the will not accept MUGGED — A youthful bandit was photographed by a hidden camera as he walked away from a teller's cage in a Decatur, Ga. bank Monday, carrying a shotgun. He escaped with $19,000 even though a bank alarm was sounded and a smoke device was slipped into the container in which the stolen money was carried. UNIFAX Bad Luck Is No Handicap For Bandit ATLANTA (AP)-Just about everything went wrong for a nervous, shotgun-toting bandit, but still he managed to make off with $19,000 from the Emory branch of the Citizens & Southern National Bank. Police are looking for the khaki- clad robber who held a sawed-off shotgun on 18 people Monday and threatened: "I swear to God, I'll shoot if you don't give me the money." He grabbed a money bag filled by a teller and left by a back door. But not before: A hidden camera took his picture, a teller slipped a delayed action smoke bomb in with the loot, a witness got his auto license number, and the branch president set off a police alarm. In addition, he almost was intercepted by high school Coach Roger Couch, who drove by as the gunman raced out the driveway. carriers freight for loading, transporting, interchange or reconfine- ment after Wednesday midnight. The spokesman also said most railroads also will not schedule passenger trains which would not be able to reach their final destination by the strike deadline. But he said "every effort will be made to move passenger trains already en route to points from which travelers may conveniently arrange alternate transportation." The announcements came as the Senate headed toward its first test vote on legislation to settle the four-year-old dispute over work rules changes and block the threatened walkout. The decision ,was to come on an amendment designed to make the Senate bill conform with a measure approved Monday by the House Commerce Committee, thus speeding the legislative procedure. May Vote Wednesday The House bill was scheduled to come before the rules committee today for clearance to the house floor where leaders hoped final approval could be voted Wednesday. Chairman Warren G. Magnuson, D-Wash., of the Senate Commerce Committee predicted Senate approval by tonight. It was uncertain when Congress would complete action because of a series of alternative proposals pending in the Senate and what Sen. Norris Cotton (R-N.H.), termed the "hot air." Both the Senate and House bills would establish a seven-man arbitration board to settle the four- year-old work rules dispute. But the House bill would limit arbitration to the two key issues — firemen's jobs and makeup of train crews. The Senate measure also would bring secondary issues to arbitration if continued collective bargaining did not resolve them. Fellin Believes Third Man Alive SHEPPTON, Pa. (UPI) — Two coal miners were pulled up safely through a 309-foot-deep shaft early today from the black underground cell that had been their prison for two weeks. One sang, the other danced, Henry Throne and David Fellin were in high spirits workers lifted CHECKED—Under bright lights shining around an area where two men were rescued early this morning from a mine at Sheppton, Pa., a crowd surged about a tent where they were briefly examined before removed by an awaiting helicopter to a hospital. Miner David Fellin was in the tent at the time the above photo was taken. UNIFAX Youth Shaves Off Beard as Visit Ends MADRID (UPI) — One of the American students who went to Castro's Cuba despite a State Department ban shaved off his Castro-type beard here today and said, "the people of Cuba never lived worse than they do now." Clinton M. Jenks, a 20-year-old resident of Monroe, La., who was born in San Francisco, told UPI "I don't know how they lived before in Cuba. But I am sure the people of Cuba never lived worse than they do now. They (the Castro government) told us the people were better off now but I don't believe it." Jenks and his wife Clara were among 54 Americans who arrived here Monday on an Iberia Airlines flight from Havana on their way back to the United States. They were scheduled to leave here Thursday aboard Iberia Air lines Flight 951 for New York. More Nations Sign WASHINGTON (UPD-Switzer- land and the African state of Chad have become the 76th and 77th nations to sign the nuclear test ban agreement. Officials of the two states initialed the pact in ceremonies here Monday. Cost of Living Rises in July To Highest Mark WASHINGTON (AP) — The cost of living rose in July by one-half of one per cent to. a record high for the second consecutive month, the Labor Department reported today. With food and gasoline leading the way, prices advanced for most major types of goods and services The Bureau of Labor Statistics said the July consumer price index was 107.1, compared to the 1957-59 base of 100. This means it cost $10.71 in July to buy the same items that could be bought for $10 in the 1957-59 period. The July index standing was 1.5 per cent above a year ago, primarily, the bureau said, because of higher prices for food, housing, medical care and tobacco. The July increase was the biggest since September of last year. Despite this, Arnold Chase, assistant commissioner of the bureau, characterized the over-all situation of the past year as "reasonably stable." As a result of the July cost increase, living allowances based on quarterly reviews were increased by 1 to 3 cents an hour for about 1,250,000 workers, primarily in the automotive, aerospace, and the farm and construction equipment industries. Of these 775,000-will receive a 2-cents an hour increase in the automotive industry. Increases for 25,000 other workers, largely in the trucking and cartage industry, will range from 1 to 8 cents. Sixteen thousand employees will receive 2.5 to 4.5 cents an hour based on reviews of city indexes. Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS 20 PAGES Abingdon 11 Amusement 6 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads 18-19 Comics-TV-Kadio II Editorial 4 Galva - — 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 11 Markets 16 Monmouth 7 Obituary 17 Sports 14-15 Weather 2 Women in the News — 8-9 Lodge Meets With Brother Of Dinh Diem SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP) — U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge conferred for more than two hours today with Ngo Dinh Nhu, the influential younger brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, on South Viet Nam's political-religious crisis. They met at the request of Nhu, , who heads the secret police Top Buddhist Gets Behind Government SAIGON, South Viet Nam, (UPI) — The apparent backing of South Viet Nam's supreme Buddhist leader improved the chances of the Diem government today of surviving the religious- political crisis. Observers said the outcome of the explosive dispute which has threatened the government could hinge on whether the country's Buddhist majority heeds the advice of Buddhist leader Thick Tinh Khiet. The government-controlled Viet Nam press agency said Monday that Khiet had offered his full backing to the government in a letter to President Ngo Dinh Diem and had urged all his followers to trust the president. The aging priest, the agency said, had empowered four superior monks to settle peacefully the dispute which stemmed from alleged government discrimination against the Buddhists. Khiet, injured in the government's raid on Saigon's main pagoda last week, was in a hospital and unavailable for direct comment. Whatever the trend of the dis cussion, there were indications the strict army rule of Saigon was relaxing, even though the people were warned soldiers have orders to shoot into any illegal gathering. Tension Remains Continued tension was reflected in postponement of a National As sembly election scheduled for Sat urday. The official Viet Nam press agency announced in a broadcast dispatch Diem has ordered the election put off until further notice. Relaxation of martial law was suggested by lifting of the Saigon curfew and according to the Viet Nam press, in some provincial towns. Barbed wire barricades were removed from the uptown area where Saigon University's faculties of law, medicine and pharmacy are situated. Teachers were notified that schools and universities, closed last weekend, may reopen soon. Civilian censors supplanted military censors in processing news dispatches relayed abroad. But there were increased troop concentrations in downtown Saigon. Defense Fails Him KINGSTON-ON-THAMES, England (UPI) — Peter Jones, an 18-year-old laborer, told a court Monday he was swinging from the roof of the Kingston parish church one recent midnight because "I have an arrangement with the vicar." He was fined $8.40 for being drunk and disorderly. Kennedy Tax Program Is Put on Shelf WASHINGTON" (UPI) - President Kennedy's tax program, cut by an additional $130 million, was put on the shelf today until the second week in September. In a surprise setback for the administration Monday, the House Ways & Means Committee voted unanimously to junk a complex section of the. big tax measure imposing additional taxes on heirs of big estates. The action sliced an estimated $130 million in revenue from the bill and cut still further the revenue - raising "reforms" sought by the President to balance liberal rate reduction for individual taxpayers and businesses. Chairman Wilbur D. Mills, D- Ark., at the same time an. nounced that no further meetings on the bill would be held until Sept. 10. This put off final committee action on the priority tax issue until a week after the Labor Day holiday. House floor debate is expected a week after that, on Sept. 18 and 19. By scuttling the estate provision, tentatively approved earlier, the tax-writing group hiked the total tax relief it has approved so far to a whopping $11.1 billion — $500 million more than Kennedy originally asked for. Treasury officials sitting in on the closed-door session were disappointed in the move, but it was considered a mild reversal for the administration, not a fatal blow. The bill, as it stands, still carries net revenue increases brought about through revision in the federal tax code of about $560 million. Will Is Filed CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (UPD- Sen. Estes Kefauver's will, handwritten on a piece of U.S. Senate stationery three years ago, was admitted to probate here Monday. The widow of the late Democratic senator from Tennessee was named sole executrix of the estate which listed Hamilton County real estate valued at $10,000 and personal property "in excess of $20,000." Apprehension Hovers Around Marchers As Descent on Washington, D. C. Approaches WASHINGTON (AP) — Leaders continued to pledge calm and dignity for their massive civil rights march on Washington Wednesday. But apprehension still hung in the air—about transportation, about the uncertainty of numbers, about an unexpected spark of violence. The railroad unions have set a nationwide strike for midnight Wednesday night if new work rules go into effect then. It is a strike that could leave thousands of weary demonstrators stranded and milling in Washington. Congress was set today to con- i tinue its try at legislation that would prevent the strike. Short of Cash The uncertainty about numbers was accented early today when a spokesman for the march headquarters, Sy Posner, reported that about 2,000 of the persons around the country who had planned to join in the demonstration were having financial difficulties and would not be able to come to the capital. Posner said the Southern Christian Leadership Conference led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. had sent about $2,000 to its headquarters in Atlanta to help cover the transportation costs of 200 marchers from Albany, Ga., and 100 from Savannah, Ga. Police, meanwhile, prepared to cope with the massive crowds, but they still were not sure just how many people trains, planes, buses and cars would stream into the city for the march. But police were sure the crowds would be big. Estimates range from 100,000 to 250,000. With crowds of this size come the potential for trouble. as rescue them slowly through the 18-inch shaft drilled through dirt, clay, rock and coal. Fellin, 58, was singing "I'll be coming around the mountain" during the slow ascent. Throne, 28, danced a little jig when he reached the surface. Throne was the first to be rescued. He was wearing a football helmet and to cheering men and women on the surface he looked like a grimy astronaut who might have been plucked from a space capsule. Minutes later Fellin was brought to the surface. Drill toward Bova Drilling with a 12%-inch bit began at 7 a.m. in an effort to find a third miner, Louis Bova, 42, who was trapped about 18 feet from Throne and Fellin in the Aug. 13 cave-in. Drilling with a 3-inch bit also was resumed in a hole nearby where operations had been delayed for hours. State Mines Secretary H. Beecher Charmbury said, "We talked to Fellin and he believes Bova is alive." Bova's wife, Eva, 32, was taken Monday night to Locust Mountain State Hospital at Shenandoah for observation. A physician said, "It's been an awful shock" for her. She was resting comfortably. Fellin and Throne put on parachute-type harnesses for the final ascent. It took 23 minutes to bring up Throne and only 8 for Fellin ending an operation that required more than a week of preparation Shouts With Glee Throne shouted on the way up "What a ride this is. I feel like a banana." When he emerged from the ground at 2:07 a.m. grimy and covered with grease, he did a joyous jig in the glare of the floodlights He immediately was removed from the football-type helmet and coveralls in which he had been hauled up. He was placed on a stretcher, and, after a quick on the-spot medical check, taken by a waiting Marine Helicopter to a room prepared at Hazleton State General Hospital, about 10 miles away. Throne's journey upward took 15 minutes. At 2:42 a.m., after an eight-minute ride, the plucky Fellin once again stepped onto the earth's surface. "I'm coming okay, boys," he shouted as he neared the surface. "Lots of room. This is the life." Through microphones attached to their helmets, both miners had been "talked" to the surface by Gordon Smith, deputy state director of mines. A second helicopter whisked Fellin to the hospital. Both men were bathed and started tests which are expected to take about 48 hours. A hospital official gave a preliminary report that both were in good condition. Wives Nearby In a room nearby were Mrs. Fellin and Mrs. Throne, waiting to rejoin with their husbands. An order from Throne for a "cheeseburger with the works" was quickly filled. The lonely mine site, which two weeks ago contained a few small shacks, had undergone a transformation since the cave-in. Now two television towers loomed over the area, a helicopter field had been bulldozed, and more than 800 onlookers stood behind police lines to watch the floodlighted rescue operation. The prolonged and perilous rescue of the two courageous men had stirred the interest and sympathy of the nation as no like story had since Floyd Collins died in a Kentucky eave-in in 1925. But all was not joy here today, Still buried deep in the earth was Bova, who has not been beard from since last Tuesday. Only five yards from the hole through which Fellin and Throne were extracted stood the equipment which had been drilling a three-inch "contact" hole to Bova. Hope Is Slim That operation halted during the Fellin-Throne rescue, for fear the drilling vibrations would endanger the other two men. Hope for Bova's survival is slim, but Fellin told officials today that Bova may be alive, and work resumed. A bullet-shaped metal capsule 6Ms feet long had been custom-made to bring Fellin and Throne up, but that plan was abandoned early today, for fear the capsule would bind along the sides of the narrow shaft. The harnesses were sewed to coveralls. The helmets were to protect them from falling debris, as they ascended. Lt. Richard Anderson, a Navy physician specializing in survival techniques, had suggested that the ride up "could be a terrifying experience" for the two men. But the apparently impertura- ble pair rode up without fear and full of spunky conversation. "Beautiful. Couldn't be no better," Fellin said. "Beautiful down here. Nice ride." And Throne: "Go ahead ... all right fellows.. .coming up." Grand Wizard of Klan Survives Plane Accident WALHALLA, S.C. (AP)—Robert M. Shelton, imperial grand wizard and grand dragon of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan, was injured, the pilot killed and a companion hurt near here Monday in the crash of their private plane. They were on their way to Washington where a civil rights march is set for Wednesday. The pilot, Alvin D. Sisk, died today of injuries he suffered in the crash. Shelton, Sisk and Frederick G. Smith were taken to Oconee County Memorial Hospital in Seneca following the plane's crash in a wooded area. Shelton said he was not seriously hurt and Smith escaped with cuts and bruises. • T w SERIOUSLY ILL — Sen. Clair Eagle, (D-Calif.) is reported critically ill after braiu surgery performed in an area that was affecting circulation in his right arm and leg. The 53-year-olU Eagle submitted to surgery Saturday in Doctors Hospital. Washington, although it was not announced until today by no aide.