The Pantagraph from Bloomington, Illinois on March 23, 1944 · Page 1
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The Pantagraph from Bloomington, Illinois · Page 1

Bloomington, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 23, 1944
Page 1
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3 A M Paper Drive MARCH 13-24 Save! Savel Savel ILLINOIS' fc HOME a NEWSP. 7PAPEK SINCE 1040 Jl 9STH YEAR. NO. 83. HLOOMINGTON, ILL., THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1914.-FOURTEEN PAGES. SINGLE COPY 5 CENTS CENTI?AL' m RAF After Raids Frankfurt Yanks Hit Berlin 13 Bombers, 9 Fighters Lost By U. S. Force Paul Resigns As Treasury Counsel Bone Disease Victim Walking After 2 Penicillin Treatments JIERRIN. ILL. (UP.) LitUe Fx! na Pauline McCormick ol Duquoln took a few steps Wednesday, her first in four months. After having administered two treatment of the new germ killing drug penicillin. Dr. .Frank Murrch Tuesday crocked off the piaster cant I'aullne has worn since last November when she underwent surgery for osteomyelitis. He pronounced her recovery from the crippling bone disease almost complete. The gaping wound on her left shin was healed except for one or two small patches. The penicillin which brought about Pauline's speedy LONDON. tP) American heavy bombers, escorted by powerful fighter formations, struck Berlin through heavy flak Wednesday, losing 13 bombers and nine fighters, and the RAF followed up ' with a strong smash at Frnnkfurt and unspecified other German targets In the night. The Berlin station sold In a . broadcast shortly after midnight that "strong Dritlsh bomber for- motions tonight bombed places In the Rhincland." This enemy report was promptly confirmed in London, with Identification of Frankfurt as the major objective. American nenvy Domocrs naa bi-i 11 al j . tacked the Frankfurt area Mon- UULLUM. U.IT. The American daylight Wednesday on Dcrlin was the fifth in 19 days and the heavy bombers were estimated to have dropped 1,500 tons of explosives. They encountered no fighter opposition, but the flak was extremely heavy. Down Nazi Bomber. The assault was by "strong divisions" of Fortresses and Liberators, a communique from United States army headquarters announced. The lock of aerial resistance was reflected In the announcement which, Instead of telling of the shooting down of dozens of Nazi fighters, said only that "one heovy bomber taking off from an airfield was destroyed by our fight ers, WASHINGTON. D. C UP) Randolph Puul. who advocated higher wartime taxes than con grcss has been willing to enact, resigned Wednesday as general recovery was the result of weeks counsel of the treasury. of experimentation by Mrs. Jewic The 54 year old attorney told VlcK Mann, Hcrrin hospital lab- President Roosevelt in a letter of oratory technician. Mrs. Mann resignation that It appeared kivw vuiiurei 01 me rare ciruil n run ran r hunt little more a sterile flasks of beef broth. nresent In this SDOcial field." Mr Ti. I . ! M I ' " r inc resulting luzzy green moid fjoosevr t accented the res cna was applied directly to the little tion with "greot regret" and told gins leg. ane received ncr first Paul his services had been "of treatment two weeks ago. Last the highest value of your country.1 wwiv uii hit mm uinnaay. uv. n Murrah was able to tell Pauline """" w,fc she would set well soon. He em- There had been reports even phoslzed, however, that-the child before the recent congress-White would hove recovered without House row over taxes mat raui penicillin but said the drug hod was Jn a mood to leave the treos speeded what would have been a ury. He and Secretory of the long slow healing process. Treasury Morgcnthau were said '"- NORMAL STAY IN TOURNEY .... Page 10 State Charges Lonergan's Acts Deliberate Congress Votes U. S. Postwar Relief Aid NEW YORK. (JP) Wayne Lonergan listened tensely Wednes- not to have seen eye to eye at all times although both advocated greotly increased wartime levies However, Paul denied to news men that there had been any rift between him and Morgenthau adding that "it was just a matter of everything being pretty well on its way, meaning that tax mat ters were virtually settled for the time being. Paul came to the treasury in 1941. Member of a New York law firm, he formerly was a lecturer on taxation at Harvard and Yal? WASHINGTON, D. C. (JP) nnivr!itii and It h nnthnr f mires2 pieaged reunited Mates several monographs and studies on t (.-uiicauujr iu tunuiouie us iime, taxation effort and money to rebuild the n.'in.j simniir. t.... health and welfare of war- Helped Simplify Taxes. wracked nations once they are lib- As treasury general counsel, he era ted from the Axis yoke. carried the burden of presenting Legislation committing the Unit- the department s views on taxes ea states to a Dig role in the to congressional committees as United Nations relief and rehabili- each of the last three major tax tation administration (UNRRA) bills was written. was approved finally and sent to He fought against enactment of Industrial and military Installa- day as the state charged in his lhe Wnjte for President the Ruml pay as you go tax plan, tions still standing in the battered murder trial that he strangled his noosevtu 8 anticipated signature, as originally presented, and op heart of Nazidom were the tar-U-onithv nf Patricia ofto fail. Last Minute questions. posed a sales tax gets of the high explosives and jng In two attempts to batter her The house adopted, 285 to 58, .nc of his last jobs was to work incendiaries cast through clouds to death with bronze, antique the conference report which the Wltf the house ways and means by between 500 and 750 Libera- candle holders. senate passed Tuesday, but only committee on the simplified plan tors and Flying Fortresses, es- The three, enisnde. that nnr- after a last minute fight over two rr individual income tax returns. corted by from 750 to 1.000 Thun- Dortedlv took place in' her east possible facets in the program: This bill has been reported by the and Mustang side bedroom last Oct. 24 were lhe sn'Pmen' r rarn machinery committee ana iaui spoke of it in described dramatically by Assist- Dai ana,. ne,. PowiDimy or n.s etter or resignation as being ant District Atty. Grumet before UNRRA participating in anything "well on its way to enactment." derbolt, Lightning lighters. Great Fires Seen. Passengers arriving in a Inrv of hnsinpssmen in an at- 01 leugious or political nature AinrK - ... ... 1; : . 1 1 .- , . - " - :. ii.k.i,.ifc..i.i..... luii-iJH i-uuuuies. iiimiii dy Diane irom Men n airi "" ui". mv .injius t r..... a ti m Wednesday's raid was the "se- "determined" rather than impul- T "Tfnid " tie? 'iw' '. ..VZ yerest" on the capital since the sive- guards that are needed could be United States airforce began Charges Deliberate Actions. written into a bill appropriating noi:iung out renins industry. Grumet said Lonergan first beat tne money. iney saia great nres were visible his wife as she lay nude in bed. " Must Pass Fund Bill .nAiZZ'll&Z ":Z"":"lJ wnf.n in? candle n0lder .b.roket ftc The approved measure author unjiw 7 . ; . 0 44 ww.w m, $i,oju,uuutuuu American U. S.War Casualties -Tofar 165,061 Infantry Uses Flamethrowers, Knives to Advance at Cassino GERMANS SAY THEY'LL DEMILITARIZE ROME, BUT ALLIES ARE NOT BITING LONDON. M") The Germans said Wednesday they would com pletely demilitarize Rome in an effort to place responsibility for bombings on the Allies, but it was regarded as unlikely here that the Allies would take any cognizance of this unilateral declaration of an "open city." The Nazi controlled Rome radio said the Germans would, within the next few days, withdraw all military installations and divert all military traffic from the Eternal City "so that responsibility for the bombing of Rome will remain entirely with the Allies." The statement said everything would be removed "which could serve as the slightest pretext for air terror ..." Rome originally was declared an open city Aug. 14, 1943, by the Uaduglio government before the Italian surrender. Military men were skeptical of German intentions, they believe the supplying of Nazi troops in the Anzio beachhead south of the city would be almost impossible without the Use of Rome's highways and rail lines. All worthwhile routes from the north funnel through Rome or its outskirts. Effective "opening" of the city would entail either blind accept ance or the uermans one way, unoffcial declarations or a complicated system of inspection by neutral observers. The German announcement was seen here as a possible indication that Allied bombings of communi cations are pinching the supply ing of the 15 or more divisions in action in Italy. While the Rome broadcast could be intended as propaganda to em barrass the -Allies in striking at the German lifelines, it could have it is believed, a more sinister importthat the Germans might use the "open city" talk as a prelude to deliberate destruction wmcn they then would attempt to blame on the Allies. Artillery Aiding From Point Blank Range Jap Columns Driving on Key Indian Town These nnnrnn. V .,M u j "P-,:. j . " .. . . . w viiuui uu iu wuua KHiy lor . i , . . . . . r -.. icuci aim iciiduiiii-uuii ui me iiu aiaim wsicu uwuruximaieiy an "Me ufl rterminet ti lrill Vior " I A-n44 flAni.iA. w..t ..u j. r"'! t" jnuusuiai une sum, aaric mustacned prose- not Drovide a cent. An ADnroDr a- distfict of Tegel, northwest of cutor said. tion Tbill will have to be passed i in-inmotn ne declared tnat Mrs. Loner-peiore uimkka can make any ex Rhein-Mettal-Borsig armament gan, in fright, crawled to the oth- penditures or commitments. m plant Is located there. er side of the bed, but that Lon- In addition to providing a major xeiuiimis pnois toia oi intense ergan again hit her on the head, share or the world pool of money, German anti aircraft fire along breaking the second holder. Then, the United States has its repre- most of the 1,200 mile round trip, said Grumet, Lonergan choked sentative, Herbert E. Lehman, as dui xnis mtn daylight assault her. chairman of the UNRRA against Berlin by the Eighth air- Defense' Counsel Edward V elected by the United Nations force apparently followed the same Broderick hit hard at Helnern's representatives at a conference in V pattern of the last raid March 9 findings. Atlantic City, N. J. when the luftwaffe failed to give Dattie. F. D. Studying Soldier Vote Bill WASHINGTON, D President Roosevelt t) C (JP) -Wednesday began study of the service vote which Helpern replied: Finds Alcohol. Under cross examination, Hel pern said the skull fracture and brain injury alone could not have caused death, that the lacerations in themselves would not have caused death except to the extent that they permitted bleeding, xaioaericK asKed whether anv alcohol was found in her brain, to Navy Loses 23rd Sub, Scorpion bill in the light of a poll of governors which turned up a 19-19 tie of "ayes" and "nays" on the question of approval or probable approval of use of federal ballots as provided in the measure. - Executives of nine states were non-committal and the White House had yet to receive a reply from Governor Olin D. Johnston of South Carolina. Mr. Roosevelt conducted WASHINGTON. D. C (JPi Casualties of the United States armed forces since the outbreak of the war total 165,061, the of fice of war information reported Wednesday on the basis of figures most recently available from the war and navy departments, The dead number 38,846 wounded, 58,964; missing, 35,521 He was prisoners of war' 31'730- -&uiuii me jjiiauueis ui war, 1,894 have died in prison camps, mostly in Japanese occupied tern tory. The war department report, as or teb. 29, 1944, shows army casu alties as 123,054. Of this num ber, 21,014 were killed: 48.260 wounded; 26,464 missing, and 27,316 are prisoners of war. ine combined navy, marine corps and coast guard report as of today shows casualties whose next of kin have been notified total 42,007. Of these. 17,832 WASHINGTON. D. C.-(JP) tv.q- ; . , i-oss oi ine American suDmanne nave oeen Killed: 10.707 wounded: .it-i u was cl idir Hi! u lit nr n - . - ,. . ' . - cohol in her brain, which would tTJ and 4'414 are lndioafo sh Vis, Koo- j:i,;rt i""""'" '"a" beforp rf-nVh- m eight days, was announced by the navy Wednesday. Calls Decision Blow to Air Plans Hi 1 A The loss brings to 23 the num- WaSDS MdV t7GT ber of American submarines sunk . since the war started, all but three fsl 1 1 j 3 TV J t S TU ? of them by enemy action, pre- E. CHICAGO. P Tmiic the Leverone. chairman of the Tiii-nic poll to neip mm oecioe wnetner aviation conference, said Wednes-k to approve or veto the bill which day the state supreme court's in-gives priority and preference to validation of the 1943 airport state ballots instead of the fed- authorities act was a serious blow eral ballots which he . recom- to aviation planning in the state mended to congress. He indi- "As a result of this decision," cated he would make up his mind Leverone, national counselor for on the basis of whether the new the National Aeronautics associ-t) legislation would mean more or ation, said, "The validity of all less voting by those m uniform, other airport legislation mav be questioned and tne reactionary effects cannot be overestimated." Leverone said he hoped the question would be presented to the supreme court for rehearing as soon as possible. Six Missing In Bomb Blast HERMISTON, ORE. (JP) Five men and a woman are missing in the explosion of a bomb storage igloo on the 10 mile Squareuma- tuia ammunition depot here, Col. A. S. Buyers, commanding officer. said Wednesday. The missing, who were working In the igloo Tuesday night when sumably while on war patrols in Japanese controlled waters. The Scorpion carried a crew of approximately 75 officers and men all listed as missing. Her commanding officer was Comdr. Maxi milian G. Schmidt, a native of Boonville, Mo. The new sinking brings to 147 the number of American naval vessels lost since the war started. Churchill Will Talk Sunday LONDON. (P) Prime Minister Churchill will deliver a broad cast to Britain Sunday, March 26, at 9 p. m. (3 p. m., central war time), it was announced Wednesday night. Churchill's talk also will be beamed to America, BBC said. Dewey Wins GOP Poll spect Russian production facilities. He said he would leave by plane May 12. Johnston to Russia WASHINGTON, D. C. (JP) Eric Johnston, president of the t t j -j c4An ruuA t rAM " ..... the bombs were detonated hv an hne Qpamon rr in.TiT'iTinn V, Snv et ontrer-tnent in in. ".mU v0ui,t unvuuiv-i., u ,. Bv.w--....... mprn U-i ler Thora mm Mill, ames outside the igloo and no other major property damage, the commandant said. Windows were shattered in Hermiston, six miles from the depot, and Pendleton, 30 miles southeast, was jarred. Jennifer Jones Asks for Divorce HOLLYWOOD. (U.R) With the gilt paint on her movie "Oscar" scarcely dry, the overnight queen of Hollywood's actresses, Jennifer Jones, Wednesday said she was divorcing her husband, Robert Walker. Partly Cloudy, Showers in South GOVERNMENT WEATHER FORECAST. ILLINOIS: Partly cloudy to cloudy Thur-day. howra In aouth portion. rANTAfiRArH WEATHER RECORD. Wednesday maximum, S3; minimum, 34. Wednesday 8 a.m. 3 p.m. Midnight i Temperature 34 50 46 Sun et Thursday: 7:18. Bun rlsea Friday: 8:57. PANTAGRAPH PHONES 6900-5 CHICAGO. (JP) Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York took first place by a wide margm Wednes day night in a poll conducted among delegates to the 1940 Re publican national convention on the question of which man they preferred for the party's presiden tial nomination this year. James S. Kemper, Chicago in surance executive who was a dele gate to the Philadelphia conven tion four years ago, made public the final returns of a survey he made recently on the presidential preferences and on other subjects 29 YkTkilled In Britain Blast LONDON. (U.R) United States army headquarters announced Wednesday that 29 American soldiers were killed and eight injured when explosives were set off accidentally during training somewhere in England. No details were given. No Butter Ration Change WASHINGTON, D. C. (JP) The American Butter institute has recommended that the current 16 point ration value on butter be continued through April 1. WASHINGTON, D. C.-(JP) Military status for the womens airforce service pilots (WASPS) was approved by the house military committee Wednesday after Gen. H. H. Arnold, chief of the army airforces, testified they are good fliers and that he plans to send all the male pilots to fight. The WASPS, now numbering 534 civilian women, ferry army planes, make weather flights, tow aerial targets, and do other non combat flying. Under the approved bill, women pilots and aviation cadets would be appointed in the army airforces on the same level with men per forming the same duties. : Bilbo Raises Race Issue JACKSON, MISS. (U.R) Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo (D., Miss.), called on the south Wednesday to rally its forces to meet a wartime attempt by Negroes to "destroy the color line." "We must not sit idly by, but we must ever be on guard to protect the southern ideals, customs and traditions which we love and believe in so firmly and complete ly," Bilbo told a joint session of the Mississippi house and senate. NEW DELHI. (JP) Japanese columns have made their first penetration of India and are push ng on westward through the Manipur mountain country in the direction of the key road junction of Imphal, 30 miles away. z The Japanese drive into India was announced by Allied head quarters Wednesday in a com munique which stated little except that the enemy "continued to move to the west." Sayi Drive Not Serious. Imphal is the southern terminus of an all weather road that winds 175 miles north through the Naga ill country to a junction with the Idia-Assam-China supply line, Al- ed jugular vein in the Burma theater. Gen. Sir Claude J. E. Auchin- leck, commander in chief for In- ia under Admiral Lord Mount- batten, southeast Asia commander, minimized the, seriousness of the Japanese threat He said the Manipur drive was an effort to ivert Allied forces and relieve strong Allied pressure against their lines on the Arakan front. Lack Air Support. (The Arakan front is on the west Burma coast roughly 250 miles southwest of the enemy push into Manipur.) Gen. Auchinleck based his dis counting of the Japanese threat on their inferiority in the air, which will not permit them to supply their forward columns by plane, and will prevent them from interfering with air supply to Allied troops. JUST A STRANGER, AND BEWILDERED ST. LOL'IS. (U.R) She was young and she was pretty, but officers said she must have been a stranger in toun. She went to the Plaza bank and approached the teller. "Where do I give a pint of blood?" she asked. The teller directed her to the Red Cross blood bank two blocks down the street. "Why do you call this the plasma bank?" she inquired, slightly bewildered. Army Transfers Air Cadets To Ground Duty Jones Says Americans Eating Better Socony-Vacuum Workers Out ST. LOUIS, MO. (U.R) A strike of maintenance men at two plants of the Socony-Vacuum Oil com pany, Inc., threatened Wednesday to shut the plants down entirely as employes refused to return to their jobs until the management rehired a former employe recently given medical discharge from the marines. - WASHINGTON, D..C. (JP) War Food Administrator Marvin Jones declared Wednesday present food controls have worked so well that Americans on the aver age have had more to eat than be fore the war. He expressed con1 cern, however, about wheat sup plies. Jones was a witness at senate banking committee hearings on extension of price control and the stabilization act for another year. Told by Senator Taft (R., Ohio) hat a war production board offi cial had said that "all our wheat surplus has been exhausted," he replied: 'I am concerned about wheat. But there is a saving clause in that more wheat should be avail able from South America." "How are we going to feed Eu' rope when the war ends.' ian asked. "We are not going to be able to feed Europe on our own," Jones said. "We can contribute, we can help and we are anxious to help in all reasonable amounts. Feeding Europe will have to draw from such places as Australia and Ar gentina, and we hope many of the liberated area's will be able to grow food themselves." v Jones asked continuance of the administration's stabilization program without change, saying, "No nation can long afford to engage in total war without instituting some safeguarding controls to see that food and the other necessi ties are produced in abundance and equitably distributed, and this means at prices which the masses can afford." WASHINGTON, D. C. (JP) Confronted with unfilled draft quotas and a general shortage of ground forces, the army announced Wednesday the transfer to ground duty of 3,000 young men who had been earmarked for air training. Meantime, a high military offi cial reported that draft boards had been failing for 13 months to meet the calls of the armed forces. and asserted that "the time has arrived when we must have the fighting men we need." Would Cripple Airlines. This statement was' the latest development in a tug of war be tween the armed forces and industry and agriculture for the services of thousands of young men under 27. An aviation industry official countered with a claim that blanket cancellations of draft deferments granted the young men would cripple war necessary airlines. Plans for congressional inquiries into charges that the draft has been used as a ' lever to force farmers into the government agri culture program gave the situa tion a new twist.N The army airforces also an nounced the suspension of enlist ments of 17 year olds in its en listed reserve, saying that under the circumstances it is inadvis able to hold a reserve beyond im mediate requirements. It was an nounced, however, that airforce applications from youths of 17 still will be accepted and training will not stop. 12 Months Shortages. Cumulative shortages in indue tions since July, the war depart ment said, have made it necessary to use every available man for pending operations. The military official, who declined to permit use of his name, put the draft short age even further back, saying it had run for 13 months. Gen. H. H. Arnold, chief of the army airforces, testifying before the house military committee on a bill to give army status to the women's airforce service pilots (Wasps) set the induction deficit at "over 200.000." Airmen Destroy Three Jap Ships Lyons Questions Need Of New Gasoline Cut CHICAGO. (JP) Richard J Lyons, who is campaigning foi the Republican nomination for United States senator, Wednesday questioned the necessity for the new cut in gasoline rations ior 'A" card holders. "All of us are prepared to make every necessary sacrifice for the winning of the war," he said at a fifth ward meeting. "But we have right and duty to inquire intc the necessity of this latest re strictive measure which seriously hampers our necessary activitief on the home front." ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, SOUTHWEST PACIFIC. (JP) A Japanese destroyer and two small merchantmen have been sunk by Allied bombers off Aitape, New Guinea, northwest of Wewak, headquarters announced Thursday. Aitape is in a sector where con siderable enemy shipping has been noted recently, indicating efforts to supply wavering garrisons. Headquarters also reported an other unopposed raid on isolated Rabaul, New Britain, during which ldd tons of explosives were dropped. In the St. Matthias islands, whose invasion Monday completed the isolation of Rabaul, marines have strengthened their positions at Emirau without encountering any Japanese opposition. Light enemy resistance was overcome in the initial landings. Pervomaisk Falls-Soviets Near Nikolaev LONDON. (JP) The Red army hurled back the Germans at the southeastern end of the Ukrainian battle line the Nazis' easternmost extension in Russia Wednesday by capturing the important fortified railway junction of Pervo maisk, driving tA the approaches of Voznesensk to the southeast and reaching a point eight miles from Nikolaev on the Bug estuary, Moscow announced Thursday. On the northwestern end of the 500 mile line a fierce pitched battle with fresh German reserves flung in for a counterattack resulted in the liquidation of detachments of two German guards divisions, the midnight Soviet com munique said. More than 1,000 men were killed and many prisoners and- much booty captured in the battle, which the Russians located as near Podz-amchye. Podzamchye, 13 miles east of Brody in old Poland, was reported captured last Sunday. The late bulletin, recorded by the Soviet monitor, said hundreds of Germans were drowned in the Bug river when the Russians, in a two day battle, cracked carefully erected German defenses around Pervomaisk. Balabanovka, eight miles from Nikolaevs outskirts, was captured, the communique said. Pervomaisk Is an important for tified railway junction which has been protecting the German with drawal from the southern Ukraine. The Germans, meanwhile, an nounced that the Russians had launched a big flanking offensive in the strategic Proskurov-Tran-polo hinge position in the western Ukraine and Poland and had forced the Nazis to fall back be fore strong infantry and tank blows. Wants New Atlantic CharterTalks LONDON. (JP) Prime Min ister Churchill, under increasing fire over the Atlantic charter, said Wednesday that there must be new consultations on the subject among the big powers. Although the prime minister did not say what form these new consultations might take, his carefully chosen words left open the possibility of a second Roosevelt- Churchill-Stalin meeting. The statement was made in the house of commons, where some members tried for the second time in two weeks to put the whole question of the Atlantic charter into open debate and to raise the issues of postwar borders. Churchill made it clear that he regards the charter as a, living doctrine which' must be adapted and expanded. "It is evident, Churchill said that as the changing phases of the war succeed one another some further clarifications will be required of the position under the document which has become hon orably known as the Atlantic charter, and that this must be subject for renewed consultation between the principal Allies. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES (,V) Allied infantry men, righting with everything irorn flamethrowers to bush knives, advanced slowly Wednesday night against bitter German resistanct and severe terrain handicaps in the battle for Cassino and th eastern slopes of Monastery hill. The Germans were ejected from several more of the fortified buildings at the southwestern corner of the ruined town and Fifth army troops wired and mined the newly captured areas to prevent enemy infiltration. Allied artillery in support of tht infantry was hauled up Wednes day to blast point blank at fanatic German parachute troops clinging to the ruins of the Continental hotel and a half dozen other build- ngs at the southern edge of Cas sino as the right for tnat isazi stronghold rose to its wildest pitch. Break Counterattack. Behind this raking fire, battle- hardened New Zealand infantry slogged forward foot by foot, often engaging in fierce hand to hand combat. At the end of a week of savage fighting the Germans still were resisting with a ferocity that has characterized their defense of the road to Rome. Fighting fully as bitter raged on the steep slopes of Monastery hill west of Cassino, from which German guns and mortars pumped terrific fire into the battle areas. Two more Nazi counterattacks against Allied held Castle hill, directly above the rubble of Cas sino, were nung DacK weanesaay. Describing the swirling battle laid out before him, Lynn Hein-zerling of the Associated Press wrote at 4:40 p. m. Wednesday: The filashes of Allied shells could be seen as they exploded in the German held portion of Cassino immediately at the base of Monastery hill. Clouds of smoke drifted over the town and valley as the battle grew in intensity without any major change in positions." 30 Trisoners Taken. He said about 30 more German prisoners were taken Wednesday, bringing to 288 the total seized m week of hard fighting. Allied observers estimated that at least three German companies were wiped out in last Wednesday's huee air and artillery bombard ment of Cassino's defenses. In subsequent fighting other Nazi companies were believed to have been reduced to a handful of men. Wednesday's Allied communique described the current fighting as "very heavy." It again was neces sary to parachute food, water and ammunition to Indian troops iso lated on a plateau halfway up Monastery hill. It is conceded here that no quick breakthrough into the Lirl valley leading to Rome is in sight, but Allied troops are fighting with a determination that promises eventual success. Japs Attack Own Force CHUNGKING. (JP) The Chinese Central News agency said Wednesday that Japanese forces, finding the labor service of their puppet 12th division unsatisfac tory, attacked it near Hankow and disarmed it after inflicting heavy casualties. Reports Say Hitler Orders Generals Shot STOCKHOLM (JP) A wholly unconfirmed but persistent report says that German Generals Voelch, Fuchs, and Heisinger were executed four days ago on Hitler's orders for refusing to car ry out an attack in the Dnieper bend area of Russia on the grounds they were short of ammunition and guns. The same report said luftwaffe General Hoepner was demoted to the ranks for the same reason. Chaplin Jury Picked LOS ANGELES. (JP) Seven women and rive men were selected as a jury Wednesday afternoon to try Charlie Chaplin, movie comedian, on a federal Mann act indictment. Willkie Denies Deal With Smith MANTITOWOC, WIS. (JP) "It is an absolute falsehood," Wendell L. Willkie declared Wednesday when asked to com- me"nt on a statement by Gerald L. K. Smith, organizer and di rector of America First, that a representative of Willkie, candidate for Republican presidential nomination, had promised Smith "anything you want" in return for his support. "Smith's statement is an absolute falsehood," Willkie said. "No authorized agent of mine ever approached him. "In Detroit last year when his crowd picketed the hotel at which I stopped, I thanked him for his opposition and expressed the hope he would continue it." Smith said at Minneapolis Wednesday that Willkie's representative had approached him three months ago and tried to arrange for a secret meeting between Willkie and Smith, saying there was "money in it" for Smith. ) Urges Money Earning Chances for Students CHICAGO. (JP) Paul B. Jacobson, principal of University high school, University of Chi cago, Wednesday asked for a postwar plan to give hieh school students "some place where they can decently earn money to buv clothes and pay other expenses of attending school." Asserting that a survey showed the average high school pupil must pay $82 a year to attend school, he declares, "children are not in school because they simply can't affort it." Three Boys Bring Flat Tire Siege to Aurora AURORA. (JP) An epidemic of flat tires that had plagued Aurora motorists for two weeks was solved Wednesday, police an nounced, when three. small boys were caught "mining" streets with roofing nails. The boys, two of them brothers. were aged 4, 5 and 6. Police turned them over to their parents who were to turn them over for proper action. I 1

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