Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 26, 1963 · Page 4
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August 26, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, August 26, 1963
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Galesburg Register-Mail, Galesburg, HI, Mon .i Aug. 26, 1963 It's Still a Long Way to Heaven History Homework Shirked by Secretary of State EDITORIAL Comment and Review A Lot of Lettuce It took more than $90 million of taxpayers' money to buy 500 million pounds of salad oil, and that's a lot of lettuce. This little operation of the Department of Agriculture involved about two dollars from every taxpayer, and Sen. Williams of Delaware would like us to know that we were gyped. The idea was to support the prices of soy bean and cotton seed oil—although the market was strong, and soy oil was selling for 50 cents more than the support price at the time the purchases were made and the prices didn't seem to need any support. The Agriculture Department has a lot of your money, however, and so it went ahead. According to Sen. Williams, it bought most of the oil from two companies which the Department's own Commodity Credit Corp. had charged with fraud just a couple of years ago. These firms had been barred, "from any programs financed by CCC." The Senator calculates that the loss resulting was about $70 million of our money, because the oil was shipped in flimsy tin cans which buckled and broke when handled by dock workers here and abroad. Some of it leaked out and some of it turned rancid. Whe,n it arrived in places like Greece, Brazil and Korea, local officials were appalled. Some of them refused to let the stuff be unloaded. Others labelled it unfit for human consumption. Even the Koreans, who are hard up enough to eat most anything, couldn't eat up the millions of pounds we shipped to them. Huge stores of the oil sit around spoiling in Congo warehouses. It was the Department of Agriculture, it will be recalled, which recently was baffled by the disappearance of 24 million bushels of grains it shipped to Austria. This time it knows where the salad oil is, at least, but it must know that it has made a series of costly mistakes in buying and shipping it. Agriculture officials won't lose sleep over it, because you will pay for their mistakes. "This is a further example of what happens when an agency gets too much money. . ." says Sen. Williams. The budget for all federal agencies is now over $100 billion a year, and the average'fam­ ily's tax bill is around $2,000. Savings Milestone The home-building boom following World War II appears to be petering out, but in its course it established some remarkable records. Private housing starts in 1941, before U.S. participation in the war had its full effect, stood at 619,500. The wartime low was 138,700 in 1944. Then came the flood. In 1946, the first full year after the war, private housing work starts climbed to 660,000. The rate steadily accelerated. The million mark was passed for the first time in 1950, when a total of 1.35 million starts was recorded. A million or more starts were made in each year of the 1950s. Only a couple of decades ago the majority of families were tenants. Now nearly two- thirds are home owners. The post-war boom was caused by an acute housing shortage, a heritage not only of the war but the long depression of the 1930s. It was generated by enormous savings balances accumulated during the wartime shortage of consumer goods. And it was accelerated by the GI home loan plan, A great deal of the financing for home building came from savings and loan associations, which experienced the same kind of growth during the same period. Annual savings and loan lending volume, predominantly based on single-family homes, rose quickly from a wartime low of just over $1 billion in 1942 to more than $20 billion in 1962. There are now 6300 savings and loan associations in 50 states, Guam and Puerto Rico with 35.5 million savers. The total assets of the business have now passed 100 billion. Indulging in some mild bragging, the industry is observing the passing of this milestone for the entire month of September. Ironically, the industry reaches the milestone as the home-building industry is in a mild slump. This was inevitable. The postwar housing shortage has just about disappeared. Population experts say that the next large wave of families to reach home-buying age won't be along until the late 1960s. Federal Housing Administration-guaranteed starts, seasonally adjusted, showed a downward trend in July, reaching the lowest rate this year. FHA actual starts of one to four-family units were down one per cent from June and after seasonal adjustment off 8 per cent to an annual rate of 164,000 units. Despite a gain of 16 per cent in actual starts, Veterans Administration figures after seasonal adjustment showed no change from the June annual rate of 72,000 units. These trends are reflected, more moderately, in conventionally financed housing, though home-building this year is still running at 8 per cent above that of 1962. • Savings and loan associations continue to pay high dividends. Associations on the West Coast are advertising 4.8 per cent interest, compounded quarterly. The more usual rate is 4 to 4Vi per cent, but even the lower return is attractive as compared with stock-market price-dividend ratios. The future for savings and loan activity would appear to be in financing apartment- building, particularly in suburbs, where the invasion of multiple dwellings of late has been considerable, and in urban renewal. College housing financing beckons, but that may take permissive legislation. Meantime, leaders of the business look optimistically for moderate growth in both savings and home lending operations. By FUL/TON LfcWIS JR. WASfflNGTON-Senator Frank Lausche had done his homework. Dean Rusk had not. The story is that simple. The Secretary of State journeyed down Pennsylvania Avenue the other day to Capitol Hill where he was scheduled to plug the par* tial nuclear test ban before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Waiting for him was Lausche, the maverick Democrat who may well be the only member of his party representing a Northern state to vote against ratification. Lausche had a few questions he wished to ask about the Soviet record of treaty violations. When Rusk indicated he did not know the answer to one of Lausche's queries, and .that he "would have to be advised on that point," the Senator obliged. THE WAVY-HAIRED onetime Ohio governor launched into a 10-minute lecture on Soviet perfidy. Thirty-four years ago, Lausche reminded Rusk, the Soviets signed the Kellogg-Briand Treaty and agreed to outlaw war. Within months, Red soldiers crossed into Manchuria. Then Soviet diplomats inked a "non-aggression" pact with Finland that contained an escape clause identical to that found in the current test ban treaty. Either side could abrogate the treaty by giving three months advance notice. Without five minutes advance notice, the Soviet Union invaded Finland, Nov. 30, 1939. Lausche referred back to 1933 when President Franklin Roosevelt established diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. Soviet diplomats then swore there was no agency located on their soil mapping world-wide Communist strategy. At that very time, the Comintern was headquartered in Moscow, its agents plotting world revolution. Sen. Lausche got Rusk to admit the Soviets had violated an agreement with this country as late as last fall. At that time, Premier Khrushchev agreed to on-site inspection that would prove all long- range missiles had been removed from Cuba. The promise was never kept. OTHER TREATIES BROKEN by the Soviets: In 1920, the Soviet Union entered into separate peace treaties with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, recognizing their independence and autonomy and renouncing voluntarily all Soviet rights to their territory. Each land is now occupied by Soviet troops. On July 25, 1932, the Soviet Union agreed to a non-aggression pact with Poland. On September 17, 1939, as the Poles fought valiantly to fend off Nazi troops in the west, Soviet armies attacked in the east. On Dec. 27, 1945, the Soviets agreed to support formation of a provisional government for North and South Korea. From the very beginning the Soviets violated the agreement. On Jan. 29, 1942, the Soviet Union agreed to withdraw its forces from Iran. Three years later, the Soviets armed pro-Communist rebels, supplied them with Red uniforms, and repudiated their agreement. In January of 1946 the Iranian government appealed to the United Nations charging the Soviet Union with violating the 1942 agreement and interfering in its domestic affairs. Copyright 1963 'Bring Food, Easy Shoes, 9 Marchers Told By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - The world's largest picnic lunch is going to be held on the Washington Monument grounds Aug. 28 in connection with the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Since prehistoric times, the billions of ants that have inhabited the area have never faced such a prospect. First, there will be crumbs from the box lunches which the 100,000 (or maybe twice that number) of marchers have been told to bring with them for two meals, at noon and night. The recommended menu is peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, an apple or other fruit, a brownie or pound cake, a bottled soft drink, hard candy for energy and salt tablets to prevent prostration. Marchers have been told to leave at home hard liquor, mayonnaise, salads, cold meats or other perishables that might make them sick or cause other trouble. Another 80,000 bag lunches are being prepared in New York. They will be brought to Washington in refrigerated trucks. Each bag will contain a cheese Sandwich, a piece of pound cake and an apple. This bag lunch will sell for 50 cents. SALES WILL be made from six trucks on the monument grounds by Government Services, Inc., which has the concession for running cafeterias and snack bars on government property. Peanut, ice cream and balloon or other souvenir peddlers will be kept off by police. Government Services itself is fixing to sell 50,000 hot dogs at 25 cents each and perhaps twice that number of soft drinks in paper cups at 10 cents per cup. Everybody will have to stand or sit on the grass unless he is farsighted enough to bring along a folding chair. It will be no surprise if marchers cool their tired tootsies in the reflecting pool that runs from Lincoln Memorial at 23rd Street, six blocks to 17th Street. Most of the crowd will be along both sides of the reflecting pool so they can see speakers on the memorial steps. But they'll need field glasses to see them. Loud speakers will permit them to hear. FOR THE NATlON-at-large to follow the proceedings there will be the largest television pool ever organized — far bigger than for national conventions. Forty radio lines are being provided, but there's actually a shortage of communication facilities out of Washington. More than 500 reporters have applied for credentials—far more than cover an inauguration. To supply drinking water, eight 25,000-gallon Army tank trucks will give through 12 bubblers piped from each truck. There also will be eight 250-gallon National Guard water tank trailers. Total capacity, 35,000 drinks an hour — which means that each of 100,000 marchers can average only one drink of water in three hours. Cut it in half for 200,000 marchers* . There will be 37 first aid,stations with two doctors and four nurses assigned to each. There will be two ambulances at each station and a big tent with 200 cots for elderly marchers who may become faint. A medical center is being set up in Willard Hotel for 24-hour emergency service. A doctor or nurse with first aid supplies has been recommended for every train, plane or bus. Marchers have been told to wear !ow - heeled, comfortable shoes, a hat for protection from sun, and sun glasses, as they may all be in the open for from four to six hours. Also, everyone' has been told to bring a raincoat. THE DEMONSTRATION has taken on some of the futility of the Children's Crusades in the Middle Ages. The marchers must of necessity go back empty-handed. Nobody can wave any magic wand at the end of the demonstration to achieve their demands. Decent housing. Access to public accommodations. Adequate and integrated education. The right to vote. No filibuster against pending civil rights bills. A massive public works program to provide jobs for all. A minimum wage of $2 an hour. And a fair employment practices act for all. The Almanac By United Press International Today is Monday, Aug. 26, the 238th day of 1963 with 127 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. The morning star is jupiter. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn. On this day in historyj In 1888, Tchaikowsky completed his Fifth Symphony. In 1920, the 19th Amendment — giving women the right to vote — went into effect. In 1934, Adolf Hitler said he wanted peace with France and demanded'the return of the Saar to Germany. In 1948, Axis Sally (Mildred Elizabeth Gillars) was flown to the United States to face charges of espionage and treason for wartime broadcasts for Germany. A thought for the day: British novelist A 1 d o u s Huxley said, "There is no substitute for talent. Industry and all the virtues are of no avail." Quotes From Today's News (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International SAIGON — U. S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, talking to newsmen about the tense situation in Viet Nam: "I've been advised not to take any long walks." THE DOCTOR SAYS Prepare the Way—Lovingly— For Nursery School Child By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, Aug. 26, 1913 Arthur H. Shay of Streator, Progressive candidate for justice of the Illinois Supreme Court, was in Galesburg in the interest of his candidacy. A thief broke into the bakery shop of the O. T. Johnson Store during the night and stole 13 tea cakes from a glass case. FIFTY YEARS AGO Monday, Aug. 25, 1913 Dr. W. E. Simonds, dean of Knox College, decided not to take a leave of absence in 1913, but was to continue his courses of instruction. Miss Louise Hale entertained a number of friends at a picnic supper at her home on North Academy Street. TWENTY YEARS AGO WASHINGTON — , Undersecretary of State W. Averell Harriman, insisting during a television appearance that Russia will observe the test ban treaty: "The Russian government and people want to avoid destroying everything they have built up." IF YOU ARE entering your child into nursery school, make sure that he is prepared for this new experience. You should not consider nursery school for the child who is under 3 years of age, or who is not well along in toilet training. How well he reacts to being away from you depends partly on you. You should be sure to explain the reasons you are sending him away from you; including the fact that when school starts there won't be any other children left for him to play with, and that at nursery school he will find new friends and new things to do. It is just as important to your child's development for him to learn to get along with others his own age as it is for him to learn to get along with adults. He may have overheard you talking to another adult and believe that you will be glad to he rid of him for a couple of hours every day and that you are sure he is going to make a terrible fuss. ON THE OTHER HAND, if you not only tell him why you are sending him to nursery school but also give him a vivid, factual account of what to expect, he will look forward to it with a keen sense of anticipation. When the day comes for him to go, it may be wise to let him take a favorite toy with him. This acts as a connecting link between school and home. He may want to continue to do this until he feels at home in the new surroundings. Above all. tell him that while he is at school you will be thinking of hint and of what he is doing, and loving him even though he is not at your side. When you leave him at school, do so with a confident smile. The child who rebels at being left is often only reflecting your own ill-founded apprehension. If you look worried or ill at ease, he will surely expect that something unpleasant lies ahead, and will put up an awe-inspiring squawk. If your child is normal he will take to nursery school with relish, because it is fun to be with other children. He will love a friendly teacher, because children want to love anyone who is good to them. THE SKILLS he learns in nursery school will not amount to much, but the discovery that there are others like him in the world is, at this stage of his development, the most valuable lesson he can learn. As for the effect on his health —there is, of course, the chance that he will catch a few more colds than he would if he stayed at home. But if "he has had all his immunizing injections for the more important childhood diseases, these colds won't even slow him down. They may even help to build immunity to colds, and thus better prepare him for the exposures he is going to meet anyway when he enters first grade. Wednesday, Aug. 25, 1943 Knox and Warren County retailers met in the courthouse at Galesburg to discuss methods of pricing food. A film, "Illinois on Parade," was presented for the Galesburg Lions Club which met at the Galesburg Club. Thursday, Aug. 26, 1943 Van Heflin was starring in the motion picture, "Tennessee Johnson," featured at the West Theater. At the regular golf events for ladies at Bunker Links, Alice Pierson and Bea Gibbins had low gross scores. Low net scores were recorded by Lorraine Kahlert and Lorraine Schall. galesburg I^gisfer-Mail Office 140 Soutn Prairie Street, • Galesburg. Illinois TKLKPHON& NUMBER Register-Mai) Exchange 342-6161 Entered -is Second .Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under \ct of Congress of M?-"h 3. 1879 Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow ... . Editor and General Manager M. Ei. iiddy Associate i &iltOT And Director of Public Relations H. H, Clay r Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMPER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use' or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as *U AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD maU In our retail trading zone: 1 Year $10.00 3 Months $3.90 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.28 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there ts established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retail trading ton* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, lowa and Missouri and by motor rout* In retail trading zona 1 Year $13.00 S Months fe3.7l 6 Months $ 1.00 1 Month I1.2S By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri h X, ear .u l\?-e°° 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month (2 .00 Crossword Puzzzle Answer to Previous Ptrrito Opera ACROSS 1 Gounod opera 6 Puccini opera 11 Exalt 13 Madhouse 10 So be it! 12 Actual 13 Astringent 18 Tear 20 Begs Gems of Thought \i l ^7 e T Uc "SffiJ* Mailer of Fact WASHINGTON — Sen. Jacob K. Javits, D-N. Y., speaking of alternatives to compulsory arbitration to avert a nationwide railroad strike: "The only ultimate assurance that the railroads will operate is the presidential power of seizure." Big News in Science Big news in the scientific world is the discovery of the anti-Xi-zero. This, of course, is the antimatter counterpart of the well-known Xi-zero, which has been around for a long time. The latest discovery brings to 34 the number of known atomic particles and nuclear physicists hope that they've at last reached the end. More important than that, however, is the fact that the universe is once again back in balance. A great sigh of relief went up when anti-Xi-zero was identified, for it meant there were exactly 17 particles of matter and 17 particles of antimatter. Just as nature abhors a vacuum, so do scientists abhor disorder in the universe. HOLLYWOOD - Mrs. Pat Sheehan Crosby, suing her husband, Dennis, for divorce: "I'm sorry this had to happen. Dennis is a sweet person." Now You Know By United Press Internationa] The unusually pure gold mined in Guinea on the West African coast gave English coins the name "guineas," according lo the National Geographic Magazine. jg Cereals are those members of the grass family which have edible starchy seeds. Rice, wheat, rye, barley, oats, maize, sorghum and some of the millets are the common cereals. When ancient man discovered how to grow these foods, roving bands ol hunters became settled communities, having an assured food supply and leisure to develop arts and sciences. RIDICULE Ridicule is the first and last argument of fools. —Charles Simmons The sublime and the ridiculous are often so nearly related that it is difficult to class them separately- —Thomas Paine Ridicule may be the evidence of wit or bitterness and may gratify a little mind, or an ungenerous temper, but it is no test of reason or truth. —Tryon Edwards Sarcasm I now see to be, in general, the language of the devil. —Thomas Carlyle At present mortals progress slowly for fear of being thought ridiculous. —Mary Baker Eddy I defy the wisest man in the world to turn a truly good action into ridicule. 15 Glacial era (2 words) 16 Meadow 17 Caustic 19 Female swan 20 Sagacious 23 Adam's son (Bib.) 26 With corolla parts 30 Roundup 32 Recount 33 Iodine compound 35 Put abreast 36 In fee simple 38 Indo-Chinese district (var.) 39 Shrieks 42 Feminine appellation 45 Musical sound 46 Anthropoid 49 Blue mineral 52 Obliterator' 54 Phoned 55 Canaanite king 56 Girl's name 67 Massenet opera DOWN 1 Combustible material 2 Church section 3 Constellation 4 Bishopric 5 So much (music) 6 Detective (slang) 1 Poem 8 Rebuff 9 Enclosure willows 22 Opera singer 23 Operatic solo 24 Curved handle (dial.) 25 Taro root 27 Reclined 28 Heating device 29 Suppose 31 Auricular 34 Won 37 Papal name IT 40 Blind impulses 46 Offshore (Gr.) 47 Around (prefix) 41 Deserve 48 Epochs ^ 43 Nullify 51 Golf mOOWl 44 Wings 53 Tree -Henry Fielding NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. i

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