Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on May 24, 1973 · Page 4
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May 24, 1973

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Thursday, May 24, 1973
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j|- • JiQteybMfSJ!M <A|igQ,J11- Ifours,, May 24, 1973 Post-3Iining Landscape EDITORIAL Comment and Review Symptoms of Potomac Fever It has been only seven months since the last election, and the scars of that battle are still very visible. But despite that, a keen observer can see the political machinery gearing up for another long campaign season. Political activity is increasing at the local, state and national levels, and prospective candidates are going through the ritual of caution, reservations and flat denies of interest in seeking elective office in 1974, all sure signs of candidacy. The most prominent example thus far is U.S. Rep. John B. Anderson, R-HL, the silver-haired Rockford native who now serves in a high-ranking position in the House of Representatives. Mr. Anderson is considered a frontrunner for the Republican nomination to run against Sen. Adlai Stevenson III, the Democrat who won election four years ago as the successor to the seat of the late Sen. Everett Dirksen. There is no doubt he is intensely interested in the job. Rep. Anderson faces two roadblocks on the way to the Senate. The first, of course, is the Watergate scandal which the polls say will hamper many GOP candidates for public office if it continues to \ictimize high-ranking members of the administration. The Illinois congressman, however, has gone to great lengths to minimize the potential Watergate effect on his candidacy. He was among the first Republican leaders to demand a full investigation and disclosure of the facts surrounding the sordid affair and has continuously urged the President to take a firm stand. "I don't think any prudent politician would contemplate a decision of that magni­ tude (to seek the Senate seat) without considering that Watergate would impinge upon Ms chances," Rep. Anderson said re- eentb/. "I personally will flank very long and very hard before I make such a decision." Mr. Anderson has undoubtedly dwelled on Watergate and its effect on him for some time, and apparently believes now is the time to gage public support for Ms candidacy in view of Watergate, and make his name, face and feelings familiar to the Illinois electorate. That may be the reason for his current speaking tour through the state and the noticeable increase in activity outside his Rockford-based congressional district. The other stumbling block to his nomination is Illinois Aity. Gen. William Scott, the popular Republican standard-bearer who has also been considered a leading contender for the nomination. Mr. Anderson has suggested that if Mr. Scott decides to seek the Senate seat, he would not oppose him in the GOP primary. A wise decision. Mr. Anderson, however, is obviously closer to making a decision about running than he would have us believe. He is an astute politician, and be is well aware of the time and energy required of a congressman in building a sound base for primary and general election bids for the U.S. Senate. And Mr. Anderson isn't the only potential candidate campaigning. The future contenders are peeking out from every crook and cranny of the political world, and committees are being formed or are already meeting to recruit, screen and support candidates for county, state and national offices. The race is on. THE MAILBOX Oppose Abortion Editor Register-Mail : This is an open letter to liberal Senators, and to all whom it may concern. I am the voice of the unborn child, who will soon never more be heard from. As I await the point of the knife that is soon to take my life I wonder why I am among those scheduled to be exterminated? Are not those very same liberal Representatives of the people, who found it permissible for me to die as an unwanted, now screaming that we must ratify the Genocide Treaty to prevent mass killing? Thousands of my brethren have gone on before me, and yet the mass execution goes on. You, oh liberal Senators, are willing to sign America and Americans into subjection to the United Nations, because you say that you must stop mass killings. Why do you not stop the killing of millions such as me? I now appeal to the good Christians and to all good people who pay the salaries of these men and women who have voted to strike down the Supreme Law of God, "Thou shalt not kill" (which obviously then the United Nations need not make). Let your Representatives know that these killings are not of your choice, and if they do not listen to you, then fire them for deliberate misrepresentation of you. I cannot believe that you good people wish to be held responsible for what they have done your name.—Ctfsela Crowe. The Ms Movement Cries Out Again These are paribus limes for newspapermen. Not only are reporters ana pwHiMicn vtaer pressure So rewsal £bezr sources or supplest iaformatian they befieve the pubfic is entitied trey are lauuqg me impact QJ changes which stxaety as a WSJOK IS fltpBIKSOBg. This is partacaiariy true in the field of women's liberation, and the attack is coming as much from within the ranks of journalism as -without several lemaif suKters ot toe Boston Globe, for instance, recently wrote a letter to their editor charging the paper with denigrating women in both its editorial and advertising coverage They referred, among other things, to "the irrelevant use of the women's movement for a laugh grabber," "the use of women in photos for sex interest.. " "me extraneous insults accorded women either generafly or as wives, mothers-in-law. Comment etc.," "the use of 'ghT for 'woman,"" and "advertisements in the paper that clearly exploit women as sex objects." Writing in Editor k Publisher, the newspapers 1 new magazine, Gtm Cores noted a recent wire service story which described flae presidentelect of the American AssociaQon of Women Dentists at "petite and perky, blonde and beautiful, fragile and feminine/' To male reporters, a woman's marital status is considered relevant, though a man's is not, she charges. Thus one reporter wrote of Dita Beard, the lobbyist m the ITT affair, as "the 53 -year-old divorcee." "I have yet to read, 'Henry Kissinger, the 4S -year*oki divorcee who advises President Jiixon - . . says Miss Corea. Women are not only underrepresented on newspaper staffs but in their columns as well. Qting a study made last summer of the frequency with which women's accomplishments are reported, she says, "When only seven per cent of newsmakers are women, we can conclude either that men do the important things in the world and/or that it is men who decide what the important firings are." To all of which charges, mile newspapermen can only plead no contest and throw themselves on the mercy of the court of public opinion. The women are right, of course. A woman 's looks, marital status, number of children or relationship with her husband should have no place la a story :r. which none of these things is a relevant factor. And because they are right, their cause will eventually triumph. Eventually "male chauvinist" reporters will learn to look at women simply as persons, and if they note a curve cr tress or flashing eye, they will keep such information to themselves. Whether the male population at large can ever be trained to look at women simply as persons, or whether many women themselves desire such an eventuality, is something else. (Newspaper Enterprise Assn.) Need for Strip mining Reclamation Clear There are 60 million tons of coal lying undisturbed beneath nearly 290.090 acres of farm and timberland in Knox County. The Knox coal deposits are among the largest strippable reserves in Illinois, and Illinois has the greatest reserves of strippable bituminous coal of any state in the nation. Those facts should make the mining industry's mouth water. During the mid 60s, the nation's utilities—the major customers of the mining industry —came face to face with a clean environment movement that forced them to rely more heavily on natural gas and low- sulfur oil to run their hydroelectric plants. That transition dimmed prospects for coal producers. But a few years ago, the oil industry's crystal ball forecast shortages of natural gas and oil in the wake of expanding demands for energy from consumers and their new cars, toasters, electric toothbrushes, air conditioners and electric popcorn poppers. Today, the utilities are once, again looking to the coal industry as a source of raw energy. Miners have a market for every ton of coal they can dig up and enough deposits to keep them busy for decades. THERE IS, however, one major clog in the machinery: reclamation. The coal is there, the means of extracting it are there, the need is there, but agreement on what the landscape will look like after the minerals are scooped up is sadly lacking. Politicians, ecologists. and residents of counties such as Knox have seen natural, undisturbed pastures and forests stripped of coal and left looking like the charred, repugnant remains of a nuclear holocaust. Most of them want no more of it, unless there are some guarantees the devastated areas will be restored. Among champions of the cause this year in the Illinois General Assembly are Rep. A. T. McMaster, R-Oneida. and Rep. Kenneth Boyle, LVCarhn- ville. They have been assisted by a former legislator, James Nowlan of Toukm. The trio is in the process of formulating a package of reclamation bills that would provide for the restoration of an estimated 39,000 acres in Illinois left barren and useless by stripmining. and insure that future mining operations are followed by reclamation procedures. The bills would increase the mining permit fee from $25 to $75 per acre, and transfer reclamation control from the Department of Mines and Minerals to the Department of Transportation. THE FEE INCREASE would finance a revolving fund to be used to pay the cost of reclaiming the land. The mining industry would be required to segregate the first 48 inches of surface soils and after extracting the coal, replace the topsoil and grade the surface to the approximate original contour. Following refurbishment, the land would be resold for productive use. The legislation would also set up new procedures for zoning changes by counties to facilitate mining operations. McMaster, anticipating opposition from the mining industry and the amount of time it will take to consolidate his bills with those of Boyle, will not seek action on reclamation during the current spring session of the Assembly. Instead, he and Boyle will chair a special House study committee on the subject with an eye toward legislative action in the fall or first part of 1974. The committee's goal will be collecting more supportive evidence in favor of new reclamation programs and a compromise plan suitable to the state and the mining industry. McMaster is hopeful his committee can inspect stripmining operations in Ohio, where a reclamation program was re- Crossword Puzzle On the Table Aanren to Premet Pmzk ACBOSS 1 Breaded pork 5 Vegetable »—rosatoi beef 12 Bellow 13 Teen-age problem 14 £g& (comb, form) ISO* the south pole 17 Faucet 18 Exploit (var.) 19 Moorish kettledrums 21 Uniform Z3 Negative word 2i Goddess of infatuation 27 Frosted, M a 29 Tears 32 Gorgon (myth.) S4 Disregard 36 Arranged in a row 37 Sharper 38 Bristle (comb, farm) 39 Plant part 41 Little (Scot) 42 Siouan Indian 44 Bewildered 46 Overdue payments 49 Feminine appellation 53 King (Fr.) 54 Instruction periods 56 Greek letter 57 Israeli ftfttfignsn 56 Native metals 59 Be sick COBatiaoal 61 Painful DOWN 1 Rugged rock 2 Sharpen, as a 3 Equine tidbits - 4 Prattle 5 Anatomical pouch 6 Chemical hydrocarbon 7 Distinct part 8 Nut 9 Beverages 10 Ellipsoidal 11 Spinning toys 16 Readjust 20 Carried 22 Habitat plant farms 24Candknut 25 Far off (comb, form) 26 Newspaper feature 28 Watercourses 30 Premium (ab.) 31 Wheys of milk 33 Amalgpfyijity 35 Heraldic bars 40 South Pacific 43 Desert garden spots 45 Cars 48 Extent 47 Roasted (Fr.) 48 l^^liral TTI* 50 Mackerellike .fish 51 One who irritates 52 Essential being 55 Compass point i 2 3 '1 5- 6 w 8 r >• rr 12' 1 13 15 (6 17 IS 1 " 22 23 1 ST r 29 30 31 32 33 5T 35 38 * BY- 42 44 tS 47 50 51 81 S3 44 55 H 57 68 60 ft -Ei Comment Michael Johnson cently instituted. Following that trip, the legislator plans to conduct public hearings in all four corners of the state. THE EXTRA TIME this summer and fall will enable the reclamation proponents to build a strong base of public support, work with the industry on an acceptable compromise and garner a little publicity for themselves in the meantime. By next fall or next year, reclamation could be as popular as motherhood, apple pie, and clean air. Rest assured, it will be soaked for all the limelight it's worth. Many in the mining industry are already recognizing reclamation as one of those fast rising issues whose opponents will be labeled unpatriotic tycoons in the eyes of the consumers. The industry does have some justifiable objections to the McMaster-Boyle package and it does have a story to tell. In Knox, Stark, Fulton and Peoria counties the big miner is Midland Coal Co., a subsidiary of American Smelting & Refining Co. Midland, currently seeking a zoning change to expand operations near Victoria, employs 156 persons in Knox County with an annual payroll of $1.7 million, and annual expenditures for goods and services of $3 million. Contrary to what some reclamation advocates charge and what some other coal companies do, Midland has been paying taxes—$193,000 annually to the county—on its land here based on pre-mining evaluations, so that the mining operations do not threaten the tax base. Midland President John J. Sense is of the opinion that provisions of the McMaster bills requiring replacement of the top four feet of soil is unnecessary in most cases. He believes mined land can be properly reclaimed by returning less than that—in some cases only a foot of topsoil is needed—and that requiring much more would be a waste of money. SENSE'S OPINION is shared in general by experts in the field who have witnessed successful reclamation projects that require less than a foot of topsoil returned, depending on the chemical and physical.make-up of the terrain. One of those experts is Gene Filer, superintendent of the land reclamation section of the Illinois Department of Mines and Minerals. He recently returned from an inspection of rnining operations in Ohio, where mining companies are replacing anywhere from four inches to two feet of what is termed A-horizon topsoil. Beyond that point, however, Sense does not believe the industry wiH raise much objection to McMaster's reclamation program. The bills will cost the See 'Johnson'(Continued on Page 11) The Almanac By United Press International Today is Thursday, May 24, the 144th day of 1973 with 221 to follow. The moon is approaching its last quarter. The morning stars are Mars and Jupiter. The evening stars are Mercury, Venus and Saturn. Those bom on this date are under the sign of Gemini. Queen Victoria of England was born May 24, 1819. On this day in history: In 1626, the Dutch West Indies Trading Company bought the island of Manhattan from the Indians for the equivalent of $24. In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge, linking the boroughs of Brook­ lyn and Manhattan, was opened to the public for the first time. In 1941, the HMS Hood of the British navy, world's largest battleship at the time, was sunk by the German battlewagon "Bismarck" between Greenland and Iceland. In 1972, at summit talks in Moscow. President Nixon and Soviet Premier Kosygin signed an agreement on joint space exploration. A thought for the day: American philosopher Vannevar Bush said, "If democracy loses Us touch, men no great war will be needed to overwhelm it. If it keeps and enhances its strength, no great war need come agian." Qalesburg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg. Illinois. bHOl TELEPHONE NUMBER Reglster-MaU Exchange 343-7181 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier m City of Galesburg _____ 50c a Week in Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of C'ongiess of March 3. 1879. Dmly except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington'* Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pntchard, publisher: Charles Morrow, editor and general manager: Robert Harrison, managing editor: Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor: James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co.. Inc. New York. Chicago. Detroit. Los Angeles. San Francisco. Atlanta. Minneapolis, Pittsburgh. Boston, Char- MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION By RKD mall in our retail trading , zone: 1 J ear $16.00 3 Months »5 25 t> Months $ yoo l Month 12 .00 No ni.ul subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery service. Hy Carrier In retail tradlii* zone outsld« city of Galesburg S0o a Week By mail outside retail trading tone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year lu .OQ 3 Months §8u° 6 Months $12 00 1 Month >2 .60 By mull outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $M 00 3 Month* 17.50 i. Munthu $H So 1 Month fcJ.UU

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