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4 Gptesbura ,R>gfjterrMoi.| # Galesburg, Hi, At Bay - Maybe Fri., Aug, 23,1963 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Overtures ir om Hungary The Janos Kadar regime in Hungary, until lately a pariah among governments, is making considerable efforts toward its own rehabilitation. Reform gestures are mostly aimed at the West and particularly the United States. The new turn in Hungary became noticeable last March, when Premier Kadar, the Communist party boss, announced a sweeping amnesty for "political crimes" including participation in the 1956 Hungarian uprising, brutally crushed by Russian troops and tanks. Kadar also began working out some kind of accommodation with the Catholic Church. Congregations were allowed more control over their own affairs and permitted to engage in more vigorous religious activities than in the past. Minor signs of liberalism included a conciliatory policy toward the intellectual community, relaxing of economic restrictions, a measure of autonomy in Hungary's relationship with Russia, a loosening of visa and passport restrictions for travel between Hungary and the West, even an increase in the number of U.S. and Western movies shown in Hungarian theaters. All of these indications of a possible Hungarian "opening to the West" were detailed in a memorandum which the U.S. State Department in May circulated among the Senate and House committees most concerned with foreign affairs. Evidently the answer on the Hill was a resounding "No." The State Department could, of course, restore full diplomatic relations on its own initiative without congressional sanction. But it would be reluctant to risk arousing congressional ire to do so. A new chapter in the rehabilitation process is now being written by Kadar. The Hungarian charge d'affaires in Washington has been talking with Richard H. Davis, deputy assistant secretary of state for European affairs. Kadar on Aug. 5 referred to several meetings with U.S. delegates to the nuclear test ban talks in Moscow. The Hungarian Embassy has just announced that Hungarian refugees who left their country after the 1956 uprising will be allowed to pay return visits to their homeland. The State Department on Aug. 12 said that renewed speculation about restoring diplomatic relations was "entirely without foundation in fact." On the other hand, Pope Paul VI told Hungarians in a special message of Aug. 9 that "we expect good news about the Catholic Church from inside your frontiers." Kadar obviously wants international prestige. He also wants to stimulate Hungarian economic growth by trade with the West. He has recently increased trade wtih Greece and signed a long-term agreement with the Benelux nations. The advantage to the United States of better relations with Hungary are less immediately apparent, except as pail of a general detente with eastern Europe. Red, White and Blue Americans these days are—or certainly ought to be—safety conscious when it comes to their favorite pastime: driving. Here's news that proves it's literally patriotic to drive safely. A survey conducted by the post office showed that accidents involving the department's trucks declined sharply simply as a result of switching from the age-old olive-drab coloration to the bright red, white and blue colors so familiar today on our streets. In a three-year survey involving 7,000 vehicles, half painted olive drab and half red, white and blue, the o.d. trucks had 849 accidents; the red, white and blue trucks had 652. Fifty o.d. trucks were struck from the rear; only 24 red, white and blue ones had that misfortune. The post office concludes that the patriotic colors are more easily visible, thus contributing to highway traffic safety in every American community. To what extent the olive drab may have reminded veterans of their army days, thus provoking vehicular attack, and how much the red, white and blue may have suggested the flag, thus commanding respect, was not investigated. Perhaps it's just as well. It's enough to know that safety is patriotic, as well as pleasing to the eye. The Little W orld Series They call it the "Little World Series," but it is actually the American Legion Junior Baseball World Championship tournament. It is not to be confused with the Little League World Series. Some of the players are only three or four years away from the professional major leagues. This year's championship opens at Keene, N.H., on Sunday, Aug. 25, and runs through the end of the month. Eight regional champions will play. Ted Williams, appropriately, will throw out the first ball. The Legion formally undertook sponsorship of the national baseball program by convention action in 1925, proposed by the South Dakota Department, and the first national tournament was held the following year. This year's tournament is the 37th, no national competition having been held in 1927. The professional major leagues in 1928 began to underwrite the Legion program. That the investment was a good one was soon apparent, for in 1931 Kirby Uigbe appeared in the national finals—the first player to do so and then go on to big-league stardom. Subsequently American Legion big league graduates have included Phil Cavaretta, Hank Bauer, Yogi Berra, Bill Skowron, Eddie Matthews, Andy Pafko, Warren Spahn, and Howie Pollett, to name only a few. Professional stars, however, are only a by-product of American Legion baseball. J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, has said that the program "offers a fine opportunity for our youth to learn the code of fair play so basic to our form of government" and at the same time affords "an opportunity to burn energy that might otherwise be put to less wholesome use." Last year's tournament at Bismark, N. D., was won by the team sponsored by Anheuser-Busch Post No. 299 of St. Louis. It took the title with five straight victories. ; Ted Kennedy Rides Loser in Route Contest By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NBA) - Senator Edward M. (Teddy—I can do more for Massachusetts) Kennedy doesn't seem to have things too well co-ordinated with his oldest brother, John, who has some kind of a job in the White House. On the same day that Senator Kennedy was making a big pitch to allow Northeast Airlines to continue its New York*to-Florida service and also get a big government subsidy to improve its New England operations: —President Kennedy made public a Civil Aeronautics Board report outlining a five-year schedule for reducing subsidies to airlines that couldn't pay their own way. —And CAB also handed down its final decision to end Northeast's New York-to-Miami service, effective Oct. 14. TO GIVE Senator Teddy credit where due, he made a big bipartisan try to save business for the New England line. In all, 24 New England senators and representatives from both parties signed an appeal to Civil Aeronautics Board to grant Northeast a $3.8 million annual subsidy. But what developed at a special Senate Aviation Subcommittee hearing under its chairman, Mike A. S. Monroney, D-Okla., was that the other New England senators — Aiken and Prouty of Vermont, Cotton and Mclntyre of New Hampshire and Saltonstall of Massachusetts — were most interested in getting more and better airline service for their states. They made it clear that existing service wasn't adequate. Senator Kennedy went all out, however, in his opposition to the CAB decision and his appeal to keep Northeast operating the way it is now, with an additional subsidy. THERE IS a long tale of woe behind this case. It goes back to 1956 when CAB granted Northeast a five-year temporary certificate to operate the East Coast-Florida route in competition with Eastern and National Airlines. This was in the Eisenhower administration when ex-Gov. Sherman Adams of New Hampshire was a big man in the White House. The play at the time was that if Northeast could get this Florida route, it would operate at a profit and wouldn't need the $1.8 million subsidy it had been getting for New England service. Things didn't work out that way. Florida traffic didn't increase as rapidly as CAB expected. The result was that all three airlines began to lose money. CAB's decision against making Northeast's Florida certification permanent was based on findings that the two other companies could give the required Florida service and operate at a profit while Northeast operated in New England as a subsidized carrier giving local service. Northeast's reply in substance is that if it can't keep the east coast service it may have to fold completely, ending New England service and discharging 2,000 em ployes. But Eastern and National have offered to hire all of Northeast's personnel not needed for New England service. And Mohawk and Allegheny airlines might be interested in expanding their operations from New York State into New England. THE SITUATION is complicated by Howard Hughes' purchase of Northeast control. Sena tor Howard W. Cannon, D-Nev„ suggested that maybe Hughes ought to be subpoenaed by the Senate aviation subcommittee but Monroney ducked that. This is, after all, a ticklish business, with national as well as New England interest. CAB is a regulatory body with quasi-judicial powers. Its findings can be appealed to the court* and the Northeast case may get to the Supreme Court. But Congress has no authority to challenge or investigate CAB decisions, as Monroney pointed out. If findings of government regulatory agencies can be opened up to Congressional pressure even indirectly, as Senator Kennedy has attempted to do by trying to make the issue one of saving a New England industry, the authority of all government boards and commissions might be destroyed. British Lion Mute in Cuban Encroachment By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN NOT THAT IT matters to them, but this columnist loves the British. Or, at least, he loves the historic idea of Britain. Through the centuries the British fought the good fight for freedom. There was Magna Carta, the commentaries of Coke and Blackstone on the common law of "English liberties," the Bill of Rights, the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and the ultimate triumph of the Whigs in the 19th century over the "divine right of kings" philosophy of the ruling house of Hanover. In the course of negligently picking up an empire to protect their adventurers, explorers and traders, the British carried the idea of individualism, and individual rights, to the ends of the earth. And, when an Englishman or Englsh soil was threatened, the British lion would come forth with a mighty roar. You could twist the lion's tail up to a point, but if the twisting went a shade too far the royal beast would respond with a lethal cuff of his paw. THIS WAS the way it used to be. But what has happened to the lion? Why can't Englishmen get mad any more? Here the British have those islands in the Bahaman group that are fairly close to Castro's Cuba. The Bahamas are truly British soil, not conquered territory that once belonged to another race. Fleeing from the shoeless, shaveless paradise of Red Cuba, a number of anti- Castro Cubans managed to escape to the little English Bahama island of Anguilla Cay. There they were stranded, because of inability to get transportation to Florida. Some of them hid out successfully when a boat from Castro's navy and a helicopter came to seize them. But nineteen of the little party of refugees were grabbed by Castro's gang and hauled back to the Cuba they had tried to leave. U.S. fighter planes and a U.S. fighter planes and a U.S. Coast Guard seaplane circled around while the kidnaping went on, but did nothing because Anguilla Cay was British territory. Eventually a U.S. Coast Guard vessel did summon up the humanity to pick up ten anti- Castro Cubans who had buried themselves in the sand while their more visible brethren were being forcibly repatriated by the Castromen. If this had happened in Queen Victoria's time, when nations prized their "dignidad," the British lion would have roared at once. But this time the lion remained meekly mute. Later, the news from Washington said something about a U.S. attempt to get the British to establish a system of joint air and naval surveillance in the Caribbean to prevent a repetition of the Anguilla Cay incident. But the British were said to be "reluctant" to accede to Secretary of State Rusk's plea for cooperation for fear that the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency might be mixed up in anti-Castro activities. THE ANSWER to that one is that British territory is British territory, and the C.I.A. has nothing to do with the case unless it is caught using British REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Aug. 23, 1913 Olaf Nelson and daughter Edna and Brynolf Bryngelson, who spent a vacation in Sweden during the summer months, returned to Galesburg. A number of Galesburg residents went to Keokuk, Iowa to attend the dedicatory exercises of the water power project. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Aug. 23, 1943 C. T. Sward, 81, of 914 N. Henderson St., escaped serious injury when a bicycle he was riding collided with a truck driven by Richard Peterson, 252 N. Farnham St. Men from Camp Ellis presented a program of entertainment at the Galesburg American Legion Home. /^matter* mm THE MAILBOX How About Using The Felled Trees? Editor, Register-Mail: Monday night after listening to part of the discussion by the City Council on the elm trees in the city the thought came to me that, several years ago while I was going through the Eastman Kodak Company's factory at Rochester, N. Y., the guide pointed out that there was no waste there and all waste products were put to some use. He said they had then just recently found a use for the dust that came from the paper of which films were made. Tiiis made me wonder if some use could be found for the trees that need to be removed in the city. Charcoal is being used a great deal today and a kiln for making same could be built at no great cost. Pulpwoou might use some of the trees, also the ashes of wood contain potash which has many uses. Wood is being used in the manufacture of wallboard. More ways are being found all the time for the use of wood and it is very interesting and worthwhile to go through the forestry and wood products building at Madison, Wis. If something can be found for the use of these trees it would help to advertise the City of Galesburg. — James Fullerton. ute so exceptionally to the business activity of a town. A dollar spent there is just a dollar that is not being spent for food or shoes, as a payment on the appliances or the car, and is simply being diverted from some other businessman's cash till. Let us indicate to Mayor Cabeen that he has our support in blocking the increase in the number of liquor licenses.—Mrs. Celeste Christy, 858 Dudley St. The Register-Mail welcomes considered, temperate, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscribers on current topics of local, regional, state and national interest in the form of letters to the editors. The Register-Mail, however assumes no responsibility for the opinio therein expressed. Because of space limitation letters should not exceed 200 words in length. They will be subject to condensation. Any letters lacking a complete signature OT containing libelous or defamatory material will be rejected. No letters can be returned Quotes From Today's News By United Press International (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) GADSDEN, Ala. — Actor Marlon Brando, addressing more than 1,000 Negroes at a civil rights rally: "You people know a lot more about civil rights than we do because you haven't got them." In Egypt about 3000 B.C., when agriculture had become well established, the Egyptians tamed the cat to protect their stores of grain. The vvild species which they started with was the African wild cat with which modern domestic cats still interbreed freely. In ancient Egypt, the cat proved so valuable that it was later thought to be a representation of a deity. ^Postj Present Brethren, do not be weary in well-doing.—II Thess. 3:13. * # * His daily prayer, far better understood in acts than words, was simply doing good.—John G. Whittier. Now You Know By United Press International Australia is the only nation to occupy an entire continent, according to the National Geographic Atlas oi the World. Home Training Editor, Register-Mail: Schools reopen soon, and parents should become acquainted with teachers, their children's schedules, and how they are doing. To show interest, we should attend the PTA meetings. Since our government wants the children to receive spiritual training at home and church, this training should be given to help the children to control their speech and actions; but this must begin at home.—Mildred Fullon. Support for Aiili-License Editor, Register-Mail: May I suggest that those of us who agree with the stand taken by Mayor Cabeen at the Council meeting last Monday night, on the extension of the number of liquor licenses, back him up by letting him know of their approval? A postal card would do it. You may be sure there will be pressure on him from the other side of the controversy. I have always been puzzled by the argument that additional taverns and cocktail lounges contrib- BELGRADE — Yugoslavia President Tito after bury-t h e hatchet talks with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev: "We are now faced with common interests and tasks." EDWARDS AFB, Calif. - Veteran X15 pilot Joe Walker after setting a new world aircraft altitude record of §6 miles: "I could have gone much higher if I had flown in my usual way." WASHINGTON — Sen. Russel B. Long, D-La., in a radio interview regarding next week's civil rights march on Washington: "I would just as soon the whole thing broke into riots, though X am not advocating this." 'Rothschilds' Slated NEW YORK (AP)-Wolfe Mankowitz, a busy member of the London stage writing fraternity, has been retained by producer Hillard Elkins to do a theater adaptation of "The Rothschilds," a best-selling biography of the banking family. Mankowitz most recently has been represented in the West End by "Pickwick." Elkins has not yet set a production timetable for Broadway arrival of "The Roths childs." islands for its own work. A man's home is his castle, and Anguilla Cay is, so to speak, a British castle. It is the business of the man who owns the house to say who can or cannot cross the threshold. So why didn't the British lion roar at Fidel for a flagrant case of international trespass? Why didn't London tell the bearded bloke off, threatening to cut down on British trade with his shoeless paradise? What has happened to the lion's tail? Has it been twisted so often that its frayed nerves have at last become insensible? There is, of course, one excuse that the British might offer for accepting the affront to their dignity at Aguilla Cay. They might offer the observation that the U.S. itself does not seem to be very much concerned, as a government, with what is happening in Cuba. True enough. But the British, in the old days, wouldn't have cared about the refusal of other nations to stand up for their national interests. AS I WRITE, I have before me a bulletin from the well-informed Cuban Information Service, edited in Coral Gables, Florida, by Carlos Todd. Says Mr. Todd: "The skipper of a Bahamian mail boat reported that a Cuban 'fishing craft' had chased his vessel for more than five hours last week . . . Russian-built Cuban 'fishing boats' have been poaching in Bahamian fishing reserves for weeks." To which Carlos Todd adds: "England is what England seems, and not the England of our dreams ... but only putty, brass and paint ..." The last line of the poem—"How quick we'd chuck her, but she ain't"— does not appear in Editor Todd's commentary. Copyright 1963 THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Friday, Aug. 23, the 235th day of 1963 with 130 to follow. The moon is approaching its first phase. The morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn. In 1630, for the first time in America, legislation controlling labor was passed in the Massachusetts Bay colony. In 1924, Mrs. "Ma" Ferguson became Democratic nominee for governor of Texas. In 1926, hundreds of thousands of women mourned the death of Rudolph Valentino. In 1927, convicted killers Nicola Sacca and Bartolomeo Vanzet- ti were executed in Massachusetts. A thought for the day — Former President Harry Truman said: "The responsibility of the great states is to serve, not to dominate, the world." galesburg lfeglster-Mafl Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-5161 Entered ?s Second Class Matter at ths Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under \ct of Congress oi M ,'i -rh 3. 1879 Dally except Sunday^ Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager M. ft. Jtddy Associate Editor And Director oi Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. 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(Latin) 29 Arboreal home 35 Artist's frame 36 Insecticide (ab.) 39 Blunders 40 Energy (slang) 41 Ardor 42 Uncommon 44 Biblical pronoun 45 German title 46 Sooner than 48 Frozen water 49 Man's name 51 Primate 52 Timid IT 19 ST 23 25 30 32 • 34 38 FT 153 155 NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.