The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 3, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, April 3, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST AKKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 12 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATlHDAY, APRIL 3. 1954 EIGHT PAGES published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT! Details of Financing Building for Metal Plant Announced $125,000 Fund Drive 1$ Planned; Loon to Provide Equal Amount Details of a building financing agreement between the Chamber of Commerce Industrial Committee and Central States Metal Corp., which plans to locate a metal fabricating plant in Blytheville, were announced today. Cost of the contemplated steel and concrete building is estimated to cost not more than $250,000, according to the agreement, and will be financed by a local fund drive for $125,000 and a loan to provide the remaining half of the money. A corporation is to be formed in connection with the fund campaign, and each contributor will be issued certificates of stock in the corporation, entitling them to any dividends which may be paid. Title to Senate Studies Housing Ike's Program Rebuffed By House WASHINGTON (AP) — Rebuffed in the Eisenhower House, the administration looked to the Senate today to rescue its low-rent public housing program. An allegiance of Southern Democrats and many Republicans fought shoulder to shoulder yesterday in repelling persistent efforts of Northern Democrats and Republican leaders to write .at least part of the President's public housing proposals into a general bousing bill. After a two-day battle, the legislation was t>assed, 352-36, without any public housing feature and stripped of an Eisenhower request for the right to raise interest rates on GI home loans 'from the present 4}/2 per cent maximum. In other housing fields, including slum clearance, the bill went to the Senate pretty much as the administration wanted it. Recent history gives the administration grounds for hope that the Senate will come to its aid. 'Last year, for example, the House approved no funds for building public housing during the fiscal year. The Senate bill, passed later, provided for 35,000 units. Conferees of the two houses got together and fashioned a 20,000- unit compromise. Without Taft However, the administration this year will be without the help of Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio), a potent ally of public housing supporters in past years. Taft died last summer. In one area the House gave the President even more than he asked for. Its bill would let the Chief Executive drop down payments on home loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration (PHA) below the levels he suggested. As passed, the bill would permit these reductions of minimum down payments on homes, as valued by FHA: on a $12,000 home, from the present $2.400 to $1,000; on a S15.000 house, from $3,000 to $1,750; and on a 520,000 home, from $4,000 to $3,000. This down payment reduction authority is permissive, not mandatory. It is up to the President to determine how far to go within legal limits. Also in the home-buying field, the bill would allow the President to extend the repayment period for all FHA mortgages—on both new and old homes—to 3 years. This would result in lower monthly payments. At present, the repayment periods range from 20 to 30 years. FHA mortgages on most older homes years. run only up to 20 40 Are Killed In Korean Fire PTJSAN, Korea (#>)—A three-hour fire swept through a refugee- crowded shanty section of this port city today, leaving 40 persons dead and at least 3,700 homeless. seriously enough to require medical assistance. Nine hundred families lost their homes, Army officials said. Search crews probed for additional bodies. The flames for ened the largest a time threat- Army quartermaster depot "in Kort*. Two Korean warehouses wert destroyed. the building and grounds will be held by this corporation. The building will be leased to the firm for a 10-year period at an annual rental of five per cent of the construction cost. At the end of the 10-year period, the company will have the right to purchase the property for 62]>' 2 per cent of the building cost or to renew its lease under the same terms. If the company decided to purchase the building at the end of the 10-year lease period and the loan were amortized o,ver a 15-year period, there would be about $70,000 to be returned to the contributors to the fund campaign. Could Buy or Re-Lease If the company renewed its lease for 10 more years, then at the end of the 20-year period it would have the right either to renew the lease or buy the building for 25 per cent of the construction cost. At the end of 20 years, the loan would be paid out and there would be accumulated additional funds which, with this 25 per cent, would permit about $100,000 to be paid on the contributors' original investment of $125,000. During the life of the lease, maintenance of the building would be paid for by the company. Industrial Committee officials said performance of the lease "will be' guaranteed by an organization which is over 75 years of age, a recognized leader in its field . . . with assets of over $30,000,000." Construction is scheduled to get under way within two weeks after financing has been arranged, they said. The building will cover 50,000 square feet of floor space. Operation is scheduled to begin early in August. The future for this plant is limited only by the success of its operation in Blytheville, the Industrial Committee said. The labor force will include chiefly skilled workers such as welders, machinists, press-machine operators and riveters as well as office personnel. In a statement on benefits of the plant's location here, the Industrial Committee said this morning: "There are also many additional persons who will be employed to service this plant, such as truck operators, railroad employes, conveyors and distributors of scrap and other kindred busi- Additional Jobs "We further know that with this additional labor and these additional jobs that within the next two or three years there will probably be 150 new homes, built. This fact alone will mean additional employment to carpenters, plasterers, painters, plumbers, and electricians locally. "It will mean additional real estate transfers, the elimination of many vacant houses which we have had, the renting of vacant apartments. This additional labor will. of course, have accompanying it their wives and children. This will mean additional merchandise establishments, stores, filling stations, dry goods concerns and additional business for the existing mercantile establishments which will mean the employment of additional personnel in our present . . . establishments. "We have found that the one firm here is short approximately 200 women employes and their biggest reason for the shortage . . has been the fact that men have moved from Blytheville and their wives have left with -them. The additional employment locally . . . will create new jobs for men whose wives will find employment at this plant. "We are unqualifiedly recommending to the people of Blytheville this new business. It should interest every individual who lives in Blytheville and who makes his living here. No payment will be too small. If you only have $25 to invest in this additional business, it will be accepted and appreciated. Everybody will be benefitted by it and everybody should have a part in raising this money." EVACUATE INDOCHINA WOUNDED—French Union soldiers of the besieged Dien Bien Phu garrison load wounded comrades aboard a waiting helicopter for evacuation from the battlefront. French sources have charged the Communist-led Vietminh forces wuh firing on hospital planes and evacuation airstrips during the siege. French forces are counter-auncking in an attempt to drive back Vietminh attackers who have launched a giant pincers assault. (AP wirephoto) Mundt Defends Selection of Sears As Counsel in McCarthy vs. Army WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said today it would take "solid" information of bias to deprive Samuel P. Sears of his job as special counsel for the investigation of charges exchanged between Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and Army officials. And the senator indicated he- doesn't expect such information to be produced. —— — ••• 4 Mundt. acting: chairman of the Wild Vietminh Attacks Pound at French Fort Weary Defenders Hold Reds One Mile from Dien Bien Phu HANOI, Indochina (AP) —- The weary defenders of Dien Bien Phu beat off wild new Vietminh attacks today. They held the Communist-led rebels at bay a mile from the heart of the besieged dust bowl fortress. French counterattacks, backed by tanks and heavy artillery fire, shattered every Vietminh mass assault trying to crack the key defenses of the fortress, where many fighters have gone for five days without rest. In Paris, a French news agency * •- "— report said Vietminh regulars, who invaded Cambodia yesterday, captured two cities—Voeune Sai and Sic-ill Pang—and were bending on I for Stung Treng. on the Mekong River. A brief French communique said repeated Vietminh attempts last night to break through the last- ditch defenses had foiled. In tidal NY Dock Workers End 29-Day Strike NEW YORK (AP) — ,w,™,d b.a, work today, ending a 29-day strike that cost the port of New York an estimated half billion dollars. Hiring bosses stepped in front of % • • •-- • the piers and blew their whistles Senate investigations subcommittee. said in an interview he has no present intention of calling a meeting Monday to KO into allegations that Sears has publicly shown himself to be an admirer of the Wisconsin senator. Mundt said he wants Sears to "set up his office and go to work with the subcommittee on ground .»', ,«• ~«f» ~ S. J. Cohen Dies At Johns Hopkins Pioneer Engineer Began Career in Missco in 1919 One of Mississippi County's pioneer engineers, S. J. Cohen, 57, died last night in Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md. Mr. Cohen's career as an engineer and contractor began in this county in 1919 when he joined Pride and Fairley here. The firm was active in various drainage projects. Born in Russia, Mr. Cohen completed high school there before coming to this country at the age of 15 in 1912. He attended Brooklyn Polytech- nical Institute and City College of ,_. . . , , , , + . I New York where he did under- The shipping industry placed the duate work in obtaining a d e- •...4-1*-. Irtr-r- 4-Vii-rtnfrVi tno ctniro at ~ . at the traditional time of 7.55 a.m. The men, without pay for almost a- month, eagerly formed in half circles to be hired. Police patrolled the waterfront, but the atmosphere was peaceful in contrast with the picketing, jeering and brawling of the past few weeks. The Ocean Monarch, first ship in today, docked uneventfully at Pier 97. The International Longshoremens Assn., independent, which sponsored the strike in .a jurisdictional dispute with a rival American Federation of Labor ILA, called off the walkout unconditionally last night. Action Denounced Independent ILA officials said they did so because of a government notice that their union would be ruled off the ballot otherwise in a forthcoming waterfront bargaining election. They denounced the government action as illegal but said they had no alternative but to accept. The election date has not been set. port's loss through the strike at 500 million dollars. Value of business lost in cargo diversion from New York to other ports such as Baltimore, Philadelphia and Norfolk was estimated by the New York State Chamber of Commerce at $398,750,000. Loss in wages to the men. who get $2.27 an hour, ran to probably more than 50 million dollars. Scores of ships lay idle at a cost, in loss of business, estimated by shippers at $5.000 a day each. The trucking industry figured its loss at 25 million dollars. Losses in perishable cargoes tied up in the strike have not been estimated. ILA president William V. Bradley, after conferring with harassed and weary strike leaders, announced: "The strike is over we bow to the mandate of our government and order an immediate return to work." ILA officials estimated 10,000 men would turn out for the first day back at work. This is half the normal 20,000 employed on the city's piers. By Monday, however, full gangs plus extra workers were expected to get to work on the backlog of 650 million dollars worth of cargo tied up by the strike. gree in engineering. A compelling consciousness of patriotism led him to dispose of his prosperous construction firm in 1943 when he sold and leased his equipment before joining the Sea Bees. Well past the age limit at 47, he gained admission to the service on the strength of his qualifications as an engineer and personal persistence. He told friends he thought it "the least I could do for my country." Served in Pacific He served in the Pacific and participated in the invasion of Tarawa and at least one other island attack. At the end of his service, he was executive officer of the 97th Construction Battalion with the rank of lieutenant commander. J? Following his association with Pride and Fairley, Mr. Cohen joined Lee Wilson Co., as engineer. He founded S. J. Cohen Co. in 1929. The firm has handled many noteworthy projects in Arkansas and Missouri among which is the bridge over Big' Lake west of Blytheville. Mr. Cohen, who was joined in the business by his son, Jerry Cohen, following the war, also designed and supervised construction of the tunnel which carries Buf- See COHEN on Page 8 delayed while a search for a counsel was conducted. Latest target date mentioned was April 12. Developments But developments related to the McCarthy-Army row continued in several directions: 1. The Defense Department announced last night it had referred to the Justice Department, for "appropriate action"—not further explained—the case of former Mnj. Irving Peress. Peress. a New York dentist, several times refused to answer questions about possible .subversive connections, claiming' the privilege of the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution. He was called to active duty as an Army dental officer, promoted and honorably discharged. McCarthy contended he should have been court martialed. Peress said McCarthy's statements about him were "nonsense." Last night he said that "wherever this matter may be brought, I expect to get a fairer hearing than before Sen. McCarthy." 2. The Defense Department announced also the naming of a special counsel to present "the facts on behalf of the Army" at the forthcoming hearinc.s. He is Joseph N. Welch, a native of Primghar, Iowa, but, like Sears, now a lawyer practicing in Boston. Welch. 63, said he conceived his role was to develop "the pertinent facts, whether they help or hurt" and that he had been promised full disclosure of all .such material. Officials said he was serving without compensation or expon.se reimbursement. He is a ur;iduate of Grinnell College nnd Harvard Law waves of infantry, braving murderous French fire, the Communist-led rebels hnd pushed to within a mile of the fortress' center in some places. Grave Danjrer The outnumbered French Union Harrison clunK desperately to a narrowing patch of trenches, bunkers and barbed wire. But they were in grave danger. The position's outer defenses were wrecked —all its fortifications riddled by Vietminh artillery which poured in endlessly. Vietminh casualties soured as t' h e i r Communist commanders hurled a human sea of attackers against Dien Bien Phu, trying to engulf it for the first major Red victory in the Indochina War. A French army source estimated that the Vietminh have lost 20,000 Skilled or wounded since they swept down on the fortress In mid-March. The French claimed 7.000 of those were killed. The French have not announced their own losses. Massive Char** Feared (In Paris, where such information is sifted and released, officials said the defenders of Dien Bien Phu had suffered ''heavy" losses, but light by comparison with those of the enemy.) The most serious threat to the fortress loomed in the northwestern sector of the dust bowl plain, where the Vietminh hold one position for launching: attacks. It was feared a massive charge from there and a break through might carry /-he attackers into the key center area. Heavy and violent Vietminh assaults raged throughout the night, increasing in tempo in the early hours before dawn. But French guns hammered them back. The French command .said its position was substantially the same as last night. School and says he the has had no Armv since Fred 0. Callihan Dies Suddenly Radio Firm Owner Is Fatally Stricken By Heart Attack Fred O. Callihan. owner of Callihan Radio Service here, died suddenly early today at his home at 316 East Kentucky. He was 39. His death was attributed to a heart attack. Mr. Callihan died at 3 a.m. today, about 30 minutes after being stricken. Services will be conducted at 2:30 pm tomorrow at Holt Funeral Home Chapel by Dr. Harvey T. connection with World Wnr I. Request Refused John G. Adams, the Army general counsel, like Roy Conn, the regular counsel for the investigations subcommittee, is involved personally in the charges and countercharges to be probed. 3. The Army said 'last night ( ,., that Pvt. G. D.ivid Schine, a for- served as a radio and radar, tech- mer unpaid consultant to the Me- n i c ian for the Air Force at Brook- Carthy subcommittee who became j j e y Field, Mobile, Ala. one of the central figures in the A former member of the Junior row with the Army, would not get chamber of Commerce, he was a Kidd. pastor of First Presbyterian Church, with burial here. Bom and reared in Caruthersville, Mo., Mr. Callihan had operated' his radio and television firm here since 1945. He came to Blytheville after World War II, during which he Stevenson Attacks 'Division' in GOP CHARLOTTE, N. C, (AP) — Adlai Stevenson said last night the Republicans should stop calling names and start tackling problems that confront us. — —-—— + In a 45-minute address to more than 2,500 cheering North Carolina Democrats, the 1952 presidential candidate listed the Indochina War, growing unemployment, threat of atomic war and America's economic future as grave problems facing the nation today. Stevenson referred to "the frustration of the (Republican) legislative program, the division, the feuding, the name calling, the timidity, nnd the impotence" as a "distasteful spectacle." He 'then questioned "whether the Republican party is capable of governing the nation or whether its irresponsible opposition in the past has disabled it for the present." Straight Talk Demanded He said "the ghastly (hydrogen bomb) explosions . . . have pointed up the imperative necessity for desperate efforts to control the unknown demons that lurlc in the atom. And yet the weeks and weeks our national life Is preoccupied with Republicans quarreling over the discharge of a dentist by the Army . . . and we wait from day to day to decide who is lying about what." Accusing the Eisenhower administration of resorting to 'slogans and sales campaigns, he charged that the nation has not been "getting: straight talk from our leaders." The former Illinois governor said the administration has used "this merchandising technique" t« g<* headlines over the announced withdrawal of the 7th Fleet from Formosa, over "howling about the secret sell-out at Yalta and Pots- dnm" and over talk about .a "bold, new dynamic foreign policy of 'liberation' for Eastern Europe." Yet, he asserted, all these programs carne to naught. President Eisenhower "will have to make his choice between uniting his party and uniting his nation. So long as his party is constituted as it is at present, he cannot do both." He noted the division within his own party in 1952 and said "more and more Southern Democrats" are returning to the party "after a taste of government by men whose chief qualification for office seems to be the accumulation of large fortunes during ,,times of Democratic prosperity . . . No "Round Trip" Ticket "For my part, the lost sheep are welcome back." He said he respected the motives "of those who strayed—both going and coming. But I hope the South won't pet the habit of issuing round-trip tickets.' Stevenson's Oe». Ho.yt Vandenberi Former AF Chief Rites Monday WASHINGTON Wt—Gen. Hoyt S, Vandcnberg, called by President Eisenhower the "unswerving advocate of the precepts and cause of the United States Air Force," will receive a great soldier's burial in Arlington National Cemetery Monday. The former chief of staff of the USAF died yesterday at 55, young for the four stnrs that he wore and the high commands he had held. His long illness from cancer ended in Walter Reed Army Hospital, where he had been a patient since last October after seeming to recover following an operation two years ago. Salute Planned Funeral services will be held in Washington Cathedral, with burial in Arlington National Cemetery. If weather permits, the Air Force plans to render its last salute to the general in a flashing aerial parade of Jet planes. Vanrienberg was a top ranking air officer under Eisenhower when the latter was supreme commander of Allied forces during World War II. He served first as the deputy commander in chief of the Allied Expeditionary Forces and of the American Air Forces, later as commander of the 9th Air Force which provided tactical and fighter aircraft. In his statement, Eisenhower said Vandenberg was a "forceful fighter for a strong national defense" and "has left a lasting imprint on the service he loved so well and on the nation he served with all his strength and skill." the assignment he had requested —an advanced school for military police criminal investigators. Army officials had said previously that it would be unusual to assign to this school any soldier who, like Schine, had only recently completed basic training, but that See MCCARTHY on Page 8 By WAYNE OLIVER NEW YORK (AP) — The nation's economy got a billion- dollar shot in the arm this week and businessmen hopefully forecast a decided improvement. Lowering of the federal excise tax'on hundreds of goods and services brought price cuts ranging from a penny on a short ride railroad ticket to several hundred dollars on a mink coat. Merchants, struggling to keep last year's high levels, predicted the lowered prices and a late Enster shopping season would bl."ze started when gas escaping from a leaky main wa» touched off bring a boom _in_reUnl trade. i* HW oftipenttM. aging signs leading some to the conclusion that business decline may be leveling off and that the trend soon may reverse itself. The automotive industry, the nation's biggest, was cheered by reports of increasing new car sales and a dwindling of stocks of unsold used, cars . prompting manufacturers to boost April production schedules five earlier plans. per cent above Production this week, however, totalled 113,569 cars and trucks compared with 117,034 last week and 131,739 in the like week last year. The kxlustfy's big thre«—Chrys- ler, Ford and General Motors- built 1.399,373 passenger cars and 237,330 trucks the first three of ti»» yMr oonpued with 1,401,814 cars and 254.705 trucks in the first quarter of 1953. And R. L. Polk & Co. said final figures were expected to show more than 400,000 new passenger car registrations for March compared w;th 340,788 in January and 359,592 in Febru- basic steel industry, of ary. The which the auto industry is the best customer, also showed signs of leveling off from its recent decline. This week's production was scheduled at 1,621,000 tons, virtually unchanged from last week's 1,624,000. In Pittsburgh, scrap steel prices went up a dollar a ton after a steady decline of more than four months. Also on the brighter side was a tion contract awards with a weekly total of $329,541,000 compared with $283,564,000 the previous week. It was the best weekly volume for the year. The administration confidently went ahead with plans to build 35,000 new housing units in the fiscal year starting July 1, and a number of corporations announced multi - million dollar expansion plans. Among them were the Texas Co, which said it would spend 275 million dollars this year and Consolidated Edison Co. of New York which announced a 375-million - dollar, five - year expansion program. New public works projects also were announced, includ- million-clollar turnpike on 'vhich •tt 9 EKRI «• **€• * Mason and a Shriner. He is survived by his wife. Mrs. Dorothy Callihan; a son, Jim, a daughter, Susan Kay, all of Blytheville; and a brother, Gerald Callihan of Caruthersville. Pallbearers will be George Cleo Pope, _.„_ Hicks, Hank .Oodd, Fred Boyett, Jr., MeJvin Halsell and Tom O'Steen. Helicopter Saves 34 from Ship CASABLANCA, Morocco (VP) — A U. S. Air Force helicopter rescued the 34 passengers and crewmen from the grounded Swedish freighter Dalsland this morning. The 2,720-ton freighter ran a rocky reef 200 yards from shore, and high seas prevented tugs out of Casablanca and Gibraltar from pulling it loose- Mother, 5 Children Die GLOUSTER, Ohio mother and five of her six children burned to death early today in a fire which destroyed their one-story frame cottage here. Sheriff Georpe Batemnn said the fire npp'i'ently started «fter fie motocr m*t ****** * Funds for Dam Released WASHINGTON I/W — Two and a third million dollars was released for construction of Table Rock Dam yesterday by the Senate Appropriations Committee. Weather ARKANSAS: Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon .tonight and tomorrow. Cooler in north this afternoon. Cooler central tonight and tomorrow. Slightly cooler south tomorrow afternoon. High this afternoon 70-75 north. MISSOURI: Fair to partly cloudy this afternoon tonight and Sunday. Cold this afternoon and in southeast portion tonight. Light, freeze southeast tonight. Warmer Sunday. Maximum yesterday—75. Minimum this morning—41. Sunset today—6:23. Sunrise tomorrow—5:43. Mean temperature (midway between high and low—58.5. Precipitation laat 24 ho\w« to 7:00 a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to aate—13.37. Thin Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—62. Minimum yesterday—45. Prflcipltation January 1 »o dat»— MJk . . .. address was arranged by Democrats launching a campaign to oust the state's only Republican congressman. Rep. Charles Raper Jonas, who picked up Democratic votes while Eisenhower xvas carrying Charlotte and the 10th District. Turning to the Republican tax program. Stevenson said congressional Democrats "want to halt the recession ... and to stop the growing unemployment . . . they propose to do this by giving tax relief to low-income families, thus placing spending money in the hands of consumers who must spend to live." There are two choices, he asserted, in solving the country's economic future. One. he continued, "is "to hide in terror from the 'facts" which point out the need of three million more jobs immediately and, because of America's expanding population, seven million new jobs by 1960. "The other choice," Stevenson went on, "is more exhilarating. We have as a people every asset we need to create a fuller life for every American in every year of our foreseeable future." have chosen the first alternative and will take, "perhaps unconsciously, the low road leading to a stagnant economy." Britons Ruth toW*d To Beat Tax Cofftctor LONDON WP) — Britain's annual rush to wed reached top §** today. Spring you miibt fttokf Not a bit of It. The Britiifc tM year ends Monday, «nd today* iirldr-rooms get up to 40 pound*

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