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Home Piptr of n Communities Partly Cloudy Tonight Low 60-65 Warmer Tuesday High 76-82 VOLUME LXXXII — 121 ifi til iVi i- -lite iita A Better Newspaper GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS McCord CIA. White House Target Archibald Cox and Elliot Richardson Okay Delayed by Senate WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate Judiciary Committee today unexpectedly delayed approval of Elliot L. Richardson to be attorney general and called him back for more questions about a meeting he had with Egil Krogh. Krogh, a one-time White House aide, has acknowledged authorizing the burglary of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist's officer in 1971, more than nine months before the Watergate case broke. The committee, meeting in closed session, had appeared ready to recommend Senate confirmation for Richardson and endorse his choice of Archibald Cox to be the special Watergate scandal prosecutor. But instead the panel called Richardson, now; defense, secretary,,, back : :^to,vtho witness table to tell about a meeting he had April 30 with Krogh. Richardson testified previously he met with Krogh at the request of former presidential aide John D. Ehrlichman to receive "important and worthwhile information" about Krogh's involvement in the burglary. Richardson had said that Krogh related to him details of how the Central Intelligence Agency had supplied disguises and other material to E. Howard Hunt and others for the break-in of the Beverly Hills office of Dr. Lewis Fielding, Ellsberg's psychiatrist, to gain information about the Pentagon Papers defendant. Prior to the committee delay, Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield, anticipating swift and perhaps unanimous approval by the panel, had said he expected the Senate would take up Richardson's nomination ; by Wednesday at the latest. • .'.-.^-l'.:^--' '. ' \ Only Richardson's appointment is • subject to Senate confirmation. But Chairman James 0. Eastland, D-Miss., said the committee would take a separate vote on endorsement of Co*. The committee ended five days of hearings on Richardson's nomination late Monday after apparently satisfying itself that Cox would have the power and independence necessary to conduct a thorough Watergate' investigation. Richardson said he would make the formal naming of Cox his "first official act" after Senate confirmation. Cox said he would ask the Justice Department immediately to inform him of any indictments or requests for immunity it planned to issue. Cox said he would seek top security clearance to get access to all documents. ; rfe ta Find It 2 SECTIONS Abingdon.............. 8 Amusement ........... 6 Bushnell 7 Classified Ads 23-24-25-26-27 Comics-Radio ......... 20 Editorial ....... J... 4 Galva 7 Hospital Notes - 15 28 PAGES Knoxville — 8 Markets _ 22 Monmouth 21 Obituary 15 Sports 18-19 Weather 2 Women in the News ..12-13 WASHINGTON (UPI) - Bugging conspirator James W. McCord today charged the White House with a "ruthless attempt" to blame Watergate on the CIA, and said he was told an aid was enlisted from mystery billionaire Howard Hughes to fly political spies out of dhe country after another planned break-in. McCord, testifying for a second day at televised Senate hearings into the Watergate bugging, also said he was Gold Market Shaky About U.S. Rumors LONDON (UPI) - Monetary experts said today that a case of Watergate jitters in Europe was hurting the standing of the dollar. It also contributed, they said, to a new surge in the price of gold Monday. In London, which with Zurich ranks as the world's most important gold market, bullion dealers Samuel Montagu and Johnson Matthey said they expected further price rises when the market reopened today. The latest shudder, touching off a new tumble in the dollar price, came when rumors swept Europe that Henry A. Kissinger had offered to resign because of reports he Was involved in the wiretapping of some associates' telephones. ^ The White House said Kis 'singer had no intention of resigning but the statement was too late to stop the dollar slide. "There are unchecked rumors ... that Kissinger has offered his resignation," a Paris banker said, "and speculation the President himself would ultimately quit haven't helped the dollar." "convinced" that Richard M. Helms was fired as CIA chief last year so that the White House could replace him with its own man and blame Watergate on the CIA. McCord said he considered it part of a continuing plot in the Whito House to effect "political control" over the super secret agency. He also interjected the name of Hughes into the inquiry for the first time. McCord said he had been told by co-conspirator G. Gordon Liddy that there was a plan to break into the safe of Hank Greenspun, the publisher of the Las Vegas Sun, because he was said to have damaging material about a Democratic presidential candidate. McCord said Liddy told him that after the break-in, "a Howard Hughes plane would be standing by to fly them into a South American country so that they would not be in the country when the break-in was discovered." Hughes has been a contributor to President Nixon's election campaigns. According to McCord, Liddy said that Greenspun had "in his possession blackmail material" on an unidentified Democratic presidential hopeful that, then- Attorney General John N. Mitchell, later Nixon's campaign manager, wanted to get. McCord said he was told the information related to "racketeers" and that it related to their exercising "control" over the unidentified candidate, after, he said, he came to believe there was "some other reason for wanting to get into Greenspun's safe." He did not give any further details. The break-in apparently never took place. Reading from a previously prepared memo, McCord said he had been told that James R. Schlesinger, who replaced Helms as CIA chief, "would go along" with the White House plot to blame Watergate on the CIA. McCord, a former CIA agent, said he felt "this smacked of the situation which Hitler's intelligence chiefs found themselves in" in the 1930s and 1940s, "when they were put in the position of having to tell him what they thought he wanted to hear" instead of what they really believed. Angered at this "ruthless attempt" and attempting to head, it off, McCord said, he wrottf a letter to an old friend, ex-White House aide John J. Caulfield in late December. "It was couched in strong language because it seemed to me at the time that was the only language the White House understood," he said. "It said in substance ... 'Dear Jack, I am sorry to have to Write you this letter, but if Helms goes and the Watergate operation' is laid at the CIA's feet where it doesn't belong, every tree in the forest will fall. "It will be a scorched desert. The whole matter is at the precipice right now. Pass the message that if they want it to go there, they are on exactly the right course.'" Caulfield was expected to follow McCord to the witness table at the Senate hearings, perhaps later today. X \ •• • , „ ! 11 •MM ' il'"; •CiP'';,,!;!!!'^ 1 '*!!; ' ' ' i n I«IP l||M |i ,|l| McCord Testifies Watergate conspirator James W. McCord, reading from a memo, told the Senate Watergate Committee he was convinced that the White House fired Richard Helms as director of the CIA to "lay the foundation" for blaming the bugging plot on" the secret agency. UNIFAX Supreme Court Limits School Desegregation, But Civil Rights Leaders Are Still Hopeful WASHINGTON (UPI) - Although the Supreme Court has refused to order Richmond's mostly black schools merged with White suburban schools, the cryptic decision Monday left civil rights advocates a ray of hope for future cases. The 4-4 refusal—without opinion—to reinstate U.S. District Court Judge Robert R. Merhige Jr.'s precedent-setting 1972 merger order was the heaviest blow dealt school desegregation by the high court since it started hearing such cases in the 1950's. Court's Unanimity The court's unanimity on such, matters was broken last term in another Virginia case, where the town of Emporia wanted to secede from its school district and keep its schools white. All the justices appointed by President Nixon dissented from a ruling against Emporia. But the issue was a relatively narrow one because situations like Emporia's are rare. But the circumstances in Richmond are duplicated many times over in this country. While there are no cases in court that correspond precisely to the Richmond case, similar ones have been filed in Wilmington, Del.; Buffalo, N.Y.; Boston; Hartford, Conn.; Durham, N.C.; Atlanta; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Dayton, Ohio; Louisville, Ky., Indianapolis and Detroit. Merhige would have combined the predominantly Negro schools in the Virginia capital with those of Henrico and Chesterfield counties, which are about 91 per cent white, in order to erase the effects of illegal segregation. Order Overturned His order was overturned by the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which was affirmed by the Supreme Court's tie vote. Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr., a former state and city school official, did not vote. The 4th Circuit Court had said Merhige exceeded his powers. Affirming a lower court decision by an evenly divided Supreme Court does not set legal precedent but applies only to the case at hand. Therefore, according to some civil rights lawyers, the matter of metropolitan desegregation and what to do about it remain open for future decisions' in different factual settings. A decision in the Detroit case, the only other one that has progressed to the appellate level, as expected any day from the 6th Circuit Court. The Supreme Court's disposition of that appeal will go far to show "what it meant by its noncommittal action in the Richmond case! Cost of Living Up 9.2 Per Cent Branding Day A young calf gets the "Rocking J" in joined by neighbors from as far as 75 miles traditional branding day treatment on the away in one of the largest brandings in Jerry Adamson ranch near Menzel, Neb. the country, UNIFAX Adamson, a third generation rancher, was WASHINGTON (UPI) - Consumer prices rose 0.7 per cent in April, mainly because of higher prices for food, clothing, used cars and gasoline, the government said today. During the first three full months of President Nixon's Phase III economic controls- February through April—the cost of living increased at an annual rate of 9.2 per cent, the Labor Department's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported. That was nearly four times the administration's 2.5 per cent price guideline, and more than three times its goal of reducing inflation to 3 per cent or less. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose in April ito 130.7, compared to 124.3 in April, 1972 —representing a rise of 5.1 per cent in the 12 -month period. This meant that goods and services which cost $10 in the 1967 base period cost $13.07 last month. The 0.7 per cent increase in the Consumer Price Index in April followed advances of 0.9 per cent in March, 0.7 per cent in February and 0.3 per cent in January. The relaxed Phase III controls began Jan. 11. The BLS said that while food prices went up 1.5 per cent in April, it has the smallest increase in four months. Food prices rose 2.6 per cent in March, 1.9 per cent in February and 2.1 per cent in January. Officials said that itihe smaller food price increase in April was due in part to ceilings ordered by Nixon at the end of March on meat prices to curb sharp rises. But the BLS said the price index for meats, poultry and fish, went up 1.8 per cent in April to a level 23.4 per cent above a year earlier. Prices of fruits and vegetables went up 3.7 per cent last month. Increases were particularly large for onions, lettuce, green peppers, bananas and strawberries. Prices also went up for eggs, beef, ham, bacon, frank furters, bologna and liver sausage. But they declined for pork chops, roasts and chicken. Among nonfood items, used car prices increased 3.2 per cent, while new car prices rose 0.3 per cent last month. They usually decline in April. Prices for gasoline and motor oil rose 1.5 per cent and men's and boy's clothing prices increased 1 per cent. The BLS said the prices for services increased 0.3 per cent, mainly because of higher charges for rent, household services, recreational services, personal care services, dental fees, auto repairs and clothing services like cleaning. Despite the higher cost of living, the BLS said wages for the average worker more than kept up with inflation. Average weekly earnings of factory workers increased $1.12 in April to $141.72, due to a slight increase in the average work week and a two-cent increase in average hourly earnings to $3.82. That more than offset the increase in consumer prices, giving the average worker a 0.4 per cent increase in purchasing power of his weekly earnings. This was only the second time in the last six months that the workers' wages had showed a real increase in purchasing power.