The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 2, 1954 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, April 2, 1954
Page 7
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FRIDAY APRIL 2, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAG1 REVIEW»~° FORECAST After Two Drought Years, Farmers Eyeing Irrigation Extension Service Has Done Much in Irrigation Study ^Of the work done by the University of Arkansas Extension Service, perhaps the man who has done the most in irrigation studies is James L. Gattis, extension engineer. Mr. Gattis has visited Mississippi County several times and has talked with the county's farmers regarding irrigation. Hottest Farming Topic Since Wide Use of Nitrogen Two drought years which were drastic for some have made irrigation the hottest conversational item in Mississippi County farming circles since this area adopted extensive use of nitrogen fertilizer about six years ago. Hundreds of thousands of dollars will be poured into irrigation equipment this year in this area. All farmers are in agreement — the equipment is good to have. Some say it's essential. Others say it helps a lot on most crops and a third group looks at the heavy investment (upwards to S75-S100 per acre) as crop insurance. Evaluation Difficult In short, irrigation undoubtedly is a wonderful thing, but it is such a newcomer to this area as to make it was going to be tough work and. because they knew what to expect, they did all right." Row Crops Toughest 48 Farmers' preference for irrigation on various crops reflected the arduous task of sprinkler irrigation in row crops. Those canvassed by County Agent Keith Bilbrey and the Courier News rated cotton, corn and beans as toughest to irrigate. - Cotton wa? also rated as one of the most profitable to irrigate, beans accurate evaluation of its worth generally were rated as one of the practically impossible in regard to the county's two top crops—cotton and soybeans. Irrigation costs big money as noted above. For many farmers during the past two years, it would have paid big dividends, too. Just how it will look as an investment over the long run is problematical, but chances are that it will still be pretty attractive. Even in "wet" years, a farmer may be able to use his equipment to good advantage in bringing up a stand and insuring continued growth during hot, dry periods. The University of Arkansas Cotton Branch Experiment Station at Marianna has reported a 31 per cent increase in cotton yields through use of supplemental (sprinkler) irrigation. Yield Increases The Marianna station has con- least profitable, with some exceptions. Strawberry growers in the Leach- vi31e-Manila area take a rather unique view of irrigation. Almost to a man, they'll tell you that irrigation is a must in berry farming. Most of them figure the investment in a new berry field at around $100 per acre. One year of drought can erase an entire field. Berry irrigation is not quite so expensive either. Berry fields usually run from three to 20 acres, the latter being quite large fields. Others Approved Pasture, alfalfa, orchards and truck crops got a hearty approval in just about each instance where irrigation was used. Before going into a review of personal histories with irrigation, it might be well to take a look at a what. Has purebred Angus cattle and will irrigate pasture near buffalo Ditch this year. Points out that careful selection of pipe and sprinkler system will lessen work of moving line about muddy fields. Talked with people in "Rio Grande valley about proposed irrigation and they told him, "with the water you people have, there's no sense in a drought ever being any bother to you." LEE WESSON, VICTORIA—Has convinced himself of two important factors in regard to irrigation: 1. Sprinkler irrigation is too expensive and tedious for use in cotton, beans and corn; and 2. Irrigation holds the answer for Mississppi County in meeting such problems as competition from the west and acreage allotments. Some interesting figures Mr. Wesson has come up with: Costs $6 to put one and one-half inches water on an acre of land with sprinkler irrigation. It costs $1 to put four inches of water on one acre using furrow irrigation. Thus, he will go into furrow irrigation for cotton, beans and corn on a limited scale this year. Disadvantage: high cost of land preparation (levelling )for furrow irrigation. This can run, Mr. Wesson points out. as high as $100 per acre. Also found, "you can actually cut corn production with sprinkler irrigation if wou don't know what you are doing." Water on polen is given as cause. Another interesting figure taken from his Data A 17 h. p. motor will pump 450 gallons per minute in sprinkler system (using free water) while the same motor will pump 4,000 gallons per minute using furrow irrigation. Has two large ditches—National and Ditch 31—which are water sources. Neither went dry during past two years. E. B. GEE FARMS—Used Sprinkler and furrow irrigation more or less experimentally last year with satisfactorily results. Plan to use both on larger scale this year. One farm manager said, "Sprinkler irrigation is tough to i handle in cotton, but it's not tough | enough to chase us out of the irrigation business." However, they are interested in some land for if this year. _ ^ PEMISCOT DEHYDRATING CO. STEELE—Irrigation increased alfalfa yields on an average of from j six to ten tons. One small plot which was highly fertilized and received special attention produced some phenomianl yieldsd. Spokesmen believe alfalfa most profitable crop to irrigate. VIRGIL AND HERSHEL JOHNSON, LEACHVILLE— Quite happy with results on peaches and pasture. It did well on cotton, too. but feel extensive cotton irrigation "would be expensive and a lot of trouble." Irrigated berry crop in 1952 and did well with them. But lost crc* when irrigated same field too late last year. OR A HEUTER, LEACHVILLE— His strawberry field borders that of the Johnson brothers and the difference is striking. He Irrigated berries through summer and now has fine stand. Sold $200 net per acre of plants from aut of middles this spring Plants have exceptionally good roo developement. Is planting additional berry acreage, calls irrigation essential. Tammany Hall is the Democratic organization of Manhattan, lo cated in New York. The material which follows tins been taken from various reports prepared by Mr. Gnttis. , "Supplemental water is not needed every year . . , but U. S. Weather Bureau records indicate Irrigation would be beneficial in Arkansas in letist two years in every three. "Our annual rainfall is 48.45 inches This would be sufficient if properly distributed, However . . . droughts have been rather frequent. DrouRhts of 20 to 29 days were the most frequent of those" recorded. They occurred 30 times in 33 years, an average of almost one a year. "Less frequent were droughts of 15 to 20 days, which occurred 17 I times, or about every other year. feen. •'Furrow" lengths may vary with soil types, but, maximum desirable lengths are 1.000 feet for clay soils. 700 feet for loams and 400 feet for sandy loams." This. County Agent Keith Bilbrey points out, would mean a departure from customary practices in this county where rows run about 1,320 feet u quarter-mile) on an average. "Sprinkler irrigation can be used under adverse conditions anywhere water is available. "It is economical in the use of water, but requires more horsepower for pumping, as pressures | of about 40 or more pounds per I square inch are desirable at the ' sprinkler. "A field adjacent to a bayou or stream can usually be irrigated economically from those sources. Another field a mile or more from a stream, may be irrigated more economically from a well, provided underground Water is available at shallow depths of 100 feet or less. "Furrow irrigation (is for) fields having even, gentle slopes not exceeding 12 inches per 100 feet (preferably one to four inches per 100 "Between one-quarter and one- half inch water per hour are usually satisfactory (rates of application). At these rates, four to eight hours would be required at each setting to put on two inches of water." The University of Arkansas Extension Service recently published another bit, of information concerning supplemental irrigation in which the Service reported on various yield increases which result- ed from irrigation. COTTON — "Increases ranged from one-tenth to four-fifths bale per acre during past four years. COKN — "Irrigation of corn at FayetleviHe last year gave 17 to '22 bushels on non-irrigated plots compared with 70-75 bushels where 10 inches of irrigation were put on by sprinklers in two-inch applications at five different times. "Two irrigations in June, two In July and one in August were used." VEGETABLES — "Substantial incroiuses." Sweet potatoes, for example, showed about 100 per cent increase during the past three years. DAIRY PRODUCTION — Experiments at the Tennessee Experiment Station revealed that dairy cows on irrigated pasture gave 43 per cent more milk, which was worth $81 30 per acre more than production on unlrrigated lands. PASTURE — Experiments at the Georgia Experiment Station were very satisfactory. During a four- year period (1947-50). experiments there added an average of 92 days to the summer grazing period for half-grown dairy heifers, which showe dan increase in weight of 80 pounds over similar animals on non-irrigated grassland. Other tests. Mr. Gattis, reports, showed an increase in vegetable nutrients of more than 50 per cent in irrigated pastures. Good rule of thumb for figuring amount of water needed, Mr. Gattis points out. is to figure that for every acre to be irrigated, 10 gallons per minute, per acre are needed. Thus, for a 40-acre field, a water capacity of 400 gallons per minute is needed. LAUNDRY & DRY CLEANING COLD STORAGE FOR FURS, WOOLENS AND BLANKETS 4474 PHONES 4475 NU-WA LAUNDRY CLEANER We Give Eagle Stamps RHEUMATIC ARTHRITIC WCTIMS OfhrdFukr UMFrMPm A ttwciiJ Xnttrie Coat*d Tibtet. Quietly «ntm blood itrwun from totMtta*. Will not n*us«*t*. B«<)ue«i orie neid. Kivmj: quick, longer ]Mt!nj relief to deep- seated palm. Get »«nuint A.R, P»In R4i«f Tablet** KIKBT DRUG STORES ducted irrigation tests for about j system worked out by one farmer the past five years with healthy who ls . out to beat the drudgery yield increases resulting practically every year. This drives home the fact that it's not the amount of water cotton gets, but rather when it gets it that makes the crop. Limited experience most farmers in this county have had with irrigation has been good. Crops have responded favorably in practically every instance. In fact the only disadvantage listed by farmers is the terrific job in moving sprinkler equipment about in row crops. After putting a half-inch or more of water on a field in row crops, workmen must slog about in seas of mud while moving the equipment. Working under such conditions is tough Vnd gruelling almost beyond the imagination of those without experience in it. This fact has tended to discourage some fanners. But as one pointed out, "We can find plenty of men who need work after the crop Is planted. Last year, I told them My most profitable - -= yield yet,.. L thanks fo" n Every year more and more farmers are breaking their own records with EMBRO HYBRID Seed Corn... Economical . . . consistently produces top yields. None better at any price! Therts en adapted EMBRO HT£RID for every soil, climate, maturity and feeding requirement. Among the most popular are: EMBRO 36—best for fertil* loiti EMBRG 49—best olf-porpo»» fyp* EMBRO 95—best qvick-mofurinfl, oil soils EMBRO 101—beit toft yellow for th» South EMBRO i55w—be»t whit*, Also U.S. 13 and MISSOURI 8 of moving pipe in muddy fields. Earl Wildy of near Leachville will use large, four-foot sprinkler nozzles in his corn. These nozzles are capable of sprinkling over a 24-row area. Thus, every 48 rows, he will put in a few rows of combine-height milo maize where irrigation pipe will be laid and the tough cornfield work will be lessened some- Office Moved VETERINARIAN Clinic 1 Mile North of Country Club On Highway 61 * Open 9A.M. to 5 P.M., 6 P.M. to 8 P.M. SUNDAYS 7 A.M. to 9 A.M.— PHONE 3532 add a touch of to your home Delightful Patterns for Every Room Priced From TO We Guarantee You A Stand HENDERSON-HOOVER SEED CO. So. Highway 61 Phone 2860 Free-Free WHILE THEY LAST! PAIR OF CRYSTAL CLEAR GLASS CANDLESTICKS TO EACH CUSTOMER BUYING WALL PAPER E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER Phont 4551 IT WILL BE TOO LATE AFTER APRIL TO BUY FEDERAL COTTON CROP INSURANCE (Government Will Withdraw Offer April 10th for tht Year) SIGN UP NOW AND REPORT PLANTING LATER . . . LOW COST ... YOU HAVE UNTIL NOVEMBER 15 TO (April 10th is the last day to buy) PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENT -AGAINST- • Drought • Excessive Rains •.Storms • Hail • Frost • Freeze • Fire • Insect Infestation • Plant Disease And Other Unavoidable Causes. "A!! Risk" Protection. United Insurance Agency (A. F. "Dee" Dietrich, Mgr.) AGENTS FOR FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORP. Agency of U.S. Department of Agriculture 111 WEST MAIN STREET Blytheville, Arkansas Across Strot from Rpxy Thtatit Phont 6812

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