Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 20, 1963 · Page 4
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August 20, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Tuesday, August 20, 1963
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I GoWsbufo., ftc^fsttfrMolf, Gatefeburo, 111* Toes., Aug;20, 1963 ' Go Awa * Boy ' ¥ou Bother MeI Hottest Potato on Hill: for Civil Servants EDITORIAL Comment and Review Bigger Than Gigantic Today, thanks to the challenge of communism, automation, expanding population and numerous other factors, people are more conscious than ever of the question of government vs. private enterprise. A competition seems to be developing between the two which, at guick glance, promises to benefit all concerned — business, people and nation. Sentimentally, private enterprise is the "good guy" in this country; big government is the "villain." It's popular to praise the one and decry the encroachments of the other in general terms, much the same as it is safe to support morality and a "return to the old virtues" without explaining exactly what you mean. But how many Americans realize that the largest single privately financed construction job in the nation's history — and probably the world's — is nearing completion? Next time someone laments over the rumored death of free enterprise, ask him to name this project. The answer? The Colonial Pipeline — the longest (2,600 miles), largest (30 to 36 inches in diameter) and most expensive ($350 million) pipeline in existence. It begins in Houston, Texas, swings through the southeast and then north through nine of the original 13 colonies, crossing streams and rivers, snaking through swamps, climbing mountains and spanning valleys. The pipeline will end eventually in New York Harbor. Distance from Houston is 1,600 miles, with 1,000 miles of spurs along the way connecting major cities. With more than 70 million motor vehicles in the United States, Americans consume petroleum and petroleum products at the rate of more than 10 million barrels a day. (One barrel contains 42 gallons). Later this year, the Colonial will begin moving an initial 600,000 barrels a day. It will take no less than 9 million barrels (or about 378 million gallons) just to keep the line filled. No, we haven't yet reached the point where the government does everything. 'This Call Collect?' It may be slightly premature to worry about it, but communication is going to be quite a problem when men start setting up housekeeping on the other planets of our solar system. It's not so much getting radios to work over long distances — Mariner II proved we can transmit at least as far as Venus — but that light (and radio) waves are so pokey. Sure, light moves at 186 ,000 miles a second. But distances are so vast between planets that an earthling talking to an explorer on Uranus would have to wait as long as 12 hours for a reply to his opening "Hello." Even with next-door Venus, it will take two minutes for a question to get there from earth, two more minutes for the answer to come back. That's when Venus is close to earth. When it's most distant, the time lapse stretches to 14 minutes. » One suggested solution is that both sides in an interplanetary gabfcst merely keep talking steadily. That is, rather than wait 12 hours for an answer to a specific question from Uranus, just go on to other matters. It would still take 12 hours to get an answer, but once conversation had begun, it would go on continuously. Hmm. On second thought, considering the amount of yakety-yak that's carried over the air waves already, maybe we should be glad that this problem is still in the future. Ought There to Be a Law? One of the disadvantages one faces when he fights further government regulation of business is that there are always some businessmen who abuse the public confidence. A grandstanding lawmaker always can count the sparse cherries in a pie and contrast them with the lush illustration on the box and get a sympathetic hearing for a bill which would penalize thousands of honest businessmen as the price for curbing a few deceitful piemen. If throwing the baby out with the bath­ water is to become acceptable, we can now solve other pressing problems by the same lawmaking technique. Most crime occurs at night, for example. Therefore, why not a national curfew for all citizens at sundown? Last year, 40,000 Americans were killed and hundreds of thousands injured in automobile accidents. One simple law making it illegal to operate a motor vehicle would prevent such carnage in the future. Criminals sometimes slip across state lines or even out of the country and so evade arrest. They would he easier to catch if every­ one were prohibited from traveling. The list could go on. Thousands drown each year who would not if swimming were prohibited, hundreds are killed by falls in bathtubs which easily could be outlawed and income tax chiseling would be a thing of the past if all payments due citizens were made first to the government and we lived on refunds the government then allowed. Still, most Americans believe that freedom has advantages great enough to permit it, even though every freedom we have undoubtedly is abused by someone and some freedoms are abused by many. Business now is staggering under a mountain of regulations, good and bad, which consume much of its income, slow its responses to market demands and lessen its ability to employ more people and compete in markets here and abroad. Businessmen who cheat will always merit the attention of police and prosecutors, but we should give 6ome thought to alternative means of curbing the relatively rare cheaters other than regulating legitimate business to death. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)-Prcsi. dent Kennedy is handing Con* gress its hottest potato of the year In a nadvisoty panel report recommending salary increases of more than $22 million a year for the top 1,640 civilian officials in the federal government, This adjustment would grant pay raises of up to 50 per cent for members of Congress, the judiciary and executive department brass. Pension increases would add another $1 million. THERE ARE DEFINITE po« litical complications to any action now on the report of the 10- member panel headed by Clarence B. Randall, former board chairman of Inland Steel. Members of the panel include Gen. Omar Bradley, former Defense Secretary Robert Lovett, former Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Marion B. Folsom and retired Supreme Court Justice Stanley Reed. They recommend that the pro­ posed salary increases go into effect Jan. l. If the raises are not approved this year, it will be almost impossible to get them passed in 1964. For few Congressmen would have the gall to vote themselves a $1,000 a month pay raise in an election year. HERE ARE HIGHLIGHTS of the Randall recommendations: Congress is so far behind in its work that the President is laid to be unsure he wants to recommend these raises. Nevertheless, it is expected some bills to raise salaries will be introduced soon. The administration may wait to see what these bills look like and what the reaction from the country will Vice President, Speaker of House $35,000 Chief Justice, Supreme Court 35,500 Associate Justices, Supreme Court 35,500 Cabinet level secretaries 25,000 Ambassadors, Class I missions..: 27,500 Salary Present Proposed $60,000 60,000 60,000 50,000 50,000 Career ambassadors and ministers 20,000 35-45,000 Courts of Appeals Judges - - 25,500 45,000 Undersecretaries, top agency heads — 22,500 45,000 Commission chairmen, smaller agencies 20,000 40,000 Asst. secretaries, commission members— «... 20,000 35,000 Members of Congress 22,500 35,000 District, Tax and Customs Judges 22.50Q 35,000 Chiefs of major bureaus 19,500 33,000 Smaller agency heads and deputies 19,000 30,000 be before pulling together its own proposals. THE GENERAL expectation is that Congress will not accept these recommendations in full. One suggestion is that the $50,000 for cabinet members will be cut to $40,000. Lower grades would then be cut down proportionately to about $26,500. This would lead into the career civil service pay scales, where top salaries are now $25,500, grading down to $17,000 for class 9. Since salaries of these high civil servants were increased by the Federal Pay Act of 1962, with a second stage raise due next Jan. 1, it is believed unlikely there will be immediate pressure for further raises at these levels. While Congress now has before it legislation to raise military pay scales at a cost of $1.2 billion a year, the salaries of top civilian government officials have not increased since 1956. In proposing thtt their pay be increased now, the Randall panel is seeking better compatibility, though not equality, with top in- salaries in private industry, It is hoped that four principal benefits will result: The government will stop losing its top career and non-career executives to private industry. Salary equality of congressmen and assistant secretaries in the executive departments will be restored. This should enable. the executive branch to recruit more officials from .the members of Congress who now take a pay cut to switch. The government will have more luck in recruiting top quality brains from the foundations and the universities. The federal government can better compete with salary scales of the more advanced state governments. Cultural Center Backer Notified to Go Scratch By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WHEN I FIRST HEARD there were plans afoot to build a National Cultural Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D. C, my well-trained libertarian hackles rose predictably. Mindful of my friend Leonard Read's insistence that opera can't be grand if it is subsidized by the State by raiding the pocketbooks of people who are allergic to mezzo-sopranos, I thought we were threatened with just another boondoggle bearing no relation to fiscal justice. Well, it turns out that in this particular instance I emoted before I was hit. To my intense surprise, I discover that the U. S. Congress, in giving a green light to the supporters of a National Cultural Center, has voted for a change to get something off the public cuff instead of on it. This must constitute something of a record. There will be a National Cultural Center, all right, and it will be built on publicly owned land hard by the Potomac River above the Lincoln Memorial. But Congress has told the Cultural Center Board Chairman, Roger L. Stevens, the New York real estate tycoon who doubles in brass as Broadway's most successful angel, to go out and scratch for the $30 million needed to turn architect Edward Duitell Stone's designs into reality. THE PLANS for the building are impressive. When it is completed it will consist of three halls under a single roof. There will be a 2,750-seat symphony hall, a 1,200-seat theatre, and a 2,500-seat hall for ballet, musical comedy, and opera. Under a retractable section of the roof there will be space for restaurants, children's puppet shows, art exhibits, and band concerts. Since Washington draws upwards of 9,000,000 visitors a year, the potential audience for first-run movies and shows, visiting ballet troupes and touring college dramatic exhibitions should be large enough to keep the Cultural Center in the black. Mr. Stevens has already landed $5 million from the Ford Foundation. Ernest Breech, former chairman of the Ford Motor Co., is expected to dig up $6 million more as head of a business committee. To bait those who yearn for a limited approach to immortality the Center will honor contributors of $100,000 or more with plaques on pillars surrounding the Center. The $15,000 contributors will have their names inscribed in marble in one of the Center's halls. As for the 50 states of the union, they will be rewarded by a representation of state flags and seals provided they can contribute a penny per person in accordance with populations. THE TRULY interesting thing about all this is not that Washington is going to get culture. To us dwellers in the sticks, culture is as culture locally does — and from the performing arts standpoint it is doing very well in my neck of the woods. I have only to drive an hour or more from my home to hear a Brahms recital at the Yale School of Music summer digs in Norfolk, Conn., which is up in the Berkshire foothills, or tc watch Jose Limon's dance company perform at the Connecticut College for Women in New London, or to see Shakespeare played at Stratford- on-Housatonic. "Off Broadway" is now practically everywhere, so I personally couldn't care less about a move to centralize culture in the nation's capital. On the other hand, I can see that it is a good idea to provide performers with a Stage that will give them national billing. Quite aside from personal perf- erences and the performers' heed for a national platform, however, Mr. Stevens' private money-raising crusade could have a profound effect on the average Americano's notion of what constitutes a legiti­ mate use of the taxing power. H. L. Mencken, whose idea of the ' proper limits of exercise' was to lift a stein of beer exactly two feet from a table top to his mouth, always resented it when he was taxed to support public park tennis tournaments in Baltimore. Multiplied over all sorts of activity, every citizen of the U. S. must resent some use of public funds to support things which do not interest him in the least. SO, WHY can't Congress tell a lot of people other than Mr. Stevens to go scratch? If ex-Ambassador John Kenneth Galbraith wants the Indian government to have a $1.5 billion steel null let him beat the American bushes for private contributions for same. You get the idea. As for foreign aid in general, Italian business men are giving— yes, giving—Mr. Stevens the marble needed for the Cultural Center. Wonders will never cease. Gopyright 1963 March's Deputy Chief Has Long Criminal Record By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Of the 100,000 demonstrators expected here Wednesday, it is doubtful that more than a handful know the background of Baynard Rustin, who has been described as "Mr. March-On-Washington, himself." The description was offered by A. Philip Randolph, the Negro unionist who has helped stage this rally. Randolph has turned down suggestions that Rustin, deputy director of the March-On-Washington, be fired. Rustin's background was researched by Sen. Strom Thurmond, a Southern segregationist who admittedly has an axe to grind. (Rustin issued a denial of some of Thurmond's charges. He said he had been a member of the Young Communist League in college, but never" a member of the Communist Party.) But the facts, obtained from the House UnAmerican Activities Committee and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, speak for themselves. So does Rustin, who told the Associated Press he has been arrested more than 20 times in the fight for civil rights. HE WAS arrested, too, with two other men in a parked car Jan. 22, 1953, in Pasadena, Calif. Charged with sex perversion, Rustin was convicted and sentenced to six months in jail. It was not his first stint behind bars. During World War II Rustm claims to have spent time in prison as a "conscientious objector." He was sentenced to Federal prison for violation of the Selective Service law after he refused to THE MAILBOX Search Rewarded Editor, Register-Mail: A bouquet to the Galesburg Register-Mail and its courteous staff. My mother passed away many years ago in the dim past when I was a child. We had lost our records of that event and others, and my father passed away last year. ... I (inquired) in the office of the Register-Mail, (where I found) the files went back to the 1800's. I was assisted in locating the editions of June 1898, when I was born, and March 1906, when, as I believed, my mother had passed away . . . After some searching thru the files of June 1898; I found our country was at war with Spain, and Admirals Dewey and Sampson were giving the Spaniards fits. A cartoon appeared, which I think should be reprinted; it showed Uncle Sam giving our army orders "on to Cuba"; but no son being born in East Galesburg to the Bartons. In the March 13, 1906, issue of the Daily Republican-Register, I located.the obituary of the death of my mother in East Galesburg on March 12, 1906. The obituary furnished priceless information. The family of the Galesburg Register-Mail is courteous and friendly, and deserve appreciation.—Lee S. Barton. REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, Aug. 20, 1913 More than 100 Galva Boosters arrived in Galesburg to advertise the Galva homecoming scheduled to be held Sept. 1-2. It was announced at a meeting of the Galesburg Trades Assembly that Clarence Darrow, famous attorney, would deliver a talk in Galesburg. Ceusor was originally a title of ancient Rome used to describe the two officials' who presided over the census, the registration of individual citizens in order to determine what duties they owed to the state. A censor's term of office was limited to a year and a half, and no censor's act was valid witliout the assent of his colleague. TWENTY YEARS AGO Friday, Aug. 20, 1943 The temperature climbed above the 80-degree mark in Galesburg after a six-day period of cool weather. Thousands of men and women of the Galesburg community viewed the two-man Japanese submarine which was being exhibited in the city. report for "work of national importance" required of conscientious objectors. He was in federal penitentiaries at Ashland, Ky. f and Lewisburg, Pa. He was subsequently arrested, FBI files show, for disorderly conduct in New York City and for picketing an embassy in Washington. Rustin was one of "five impartial observers" at the Communist Party's closed-door 16th National Convention in 1957. He was a member of the American Forum for Socialist Education, an organization infiltrated by communist operatives and the subject of a Senate investigation in 1957. The Fellowship of Reconciliation, a left-wing pacifist outfit, printed a profile of Rustin in the January, 1963, issue of "Fellowship," its official publication. THE MAGAZINE relates one milestone in Rustin's' life, when he tried vainly to prevent the French from exploding a nuclear device in the Sahara. It referred to Rustin as a "friend" of Ghana's communist-lining Kwame Nkrumah. Rustin has worked closely with the War Resisters League, an organization of men who refuse to serve their country in the armed forces; Liberation Magazine, a left-wing publication; the Medical Aid to Cuba Committee, a group under Congressional investigation earlier this year; the General Strike for Peace, a project of the communist-infiltrated Women Strike for Peace; the Monroe Defense Committee, a group set up to defend Robert Williams, the Negro integration leader who fled to Cuba when sought by the FBI on a kidnaping charge; and the Greenwich Village Peace Center. This is not the first Washington march staged by Rustin. He coordinated two earlier "youth marches" and a "prayer pilgrimage" that brought an estimated 40,000 people here several years ago. * * * Under Secretary of State Averell Harriman, negotiator of the partial nuclear test ban now under Senate consideration, is giving indications that he'd like to get back in politics. Last time Harriman ran for of- Fw»p agt j FOT p regeIl | The * * The * You blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel!— Matthew 23:24. * * # Those who bestow too much application on trifling things become generally incapable of great ones.—Francois LaRochp- foucauld. fice, New York voters turned down by more than half a million votes his bid for another term as governor. Now Harriman, 71, is considering a Senate race against Republican Kenneth Keating, up for reelection next year'. He has re­ fused to deny he wants the Democratic nomination: "The only people who are wor- ying about whether I'm going to run are the Republicans." And even they are not staying up nights worrying. Copyright 1963 (JaJesburgf lister-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg. Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 342-8161 Entered ' ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under &ct of Congress of Marrh 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schrrdth- Publisher Charles Morrow .Editor and General Manager at. H. ttddy -Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay .-Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Fran* Cisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS "MEMBEH ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year (10.00 8 Month* S&SO « Months S 6.00 1 Month $1.29 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there to established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading son* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30o By maU outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route u» retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months |3.7» 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $125 By maU outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months S5.M 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month 92.00 Crossword Puzzzle Song fest Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 "Sing me a —— song" 4 "Down by the old stream" 8 " on Ite­ rance" 12 British pub beverage 13 Assam silkworm 14 Gem 15 Corded fabric 16 Short rhythmic poems 18 Endearment term ;20 Thick 21 Consume 22 Goddess of discord 24 Greatest quantity 26 "Turkey — 27 Moeassjn 50 Internal part 32 Fruit 34 Vistas 35 Makes a speech 36 Scatter 87 "Blue > 39 Lease 40 Villain's greeting i by audience HI "Little Echo" 42 Musical instrument 45 Secrecy 49 Repeat 51 Anger 52 Shield 53 Bound 64 At a distance (comb, fonnj 55 Intention 56 Shade trees §7-Assent DOWN , 1 Chalcedony 2 Athena 3 Subjugated 4 Worth 5 Metal 6 Tarry 7 Stripling 8 Pits 9 Unclosed 10 Entangles 11 Otherwise 17 Redactor 19 Ancient language 23 Machinery port 33 24 Light fog 25 One time 26 Tries 27 Fatheriiness SSOKGS 28 Solar disk 29 Price 31 Wish Rose ——" 38 Attack; 40 Lodging place 41 Winter vehicles 48 Lampreys 42 Believe 50 Route (ah. 43 Air (comb, form) 44 «—,- Bailey* 46 Ledger entry 47 A)|ooquian r- n B 7- r D n Ii 12 13 .r 1% It fr 18 14 • ST zr Jo M J6 W" jj| 43 44 r u w ii * t ii t r 20 NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. 4 r

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