The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 2, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, April 2, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 11 %lythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily Newt Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT* Inquiry Group Asks Assurances Impartiality Sought For M'Carthy Probe WASHINGTON (AP) — In vestigating senators said to day they will ask Samuel P Sears- for new assurances tha he could be fully impartial a special counsel in probing a row between Sen. McCarth^ (R-Wis) and top Army officials Sen. Potter (R-Mich) said he for one will ask Sears to reflect on prior utterances praising McCarthy, and then say "if he still feels he can do an impartial investigation." Sen, Jackson (D-WastO, another Senate investigations subcommittee member who had a hand in the negotiations which brought Sears to the job, said he also wants that done when the subcommittee again meets with Sears probably Monday. Sears, who flew back to Boston after meeting with the subcommittee here yesterday, told newsmen upon his arrival there he feels he has "not done anything 'that would disqualify nae." The prominent Boston trial lawyer told a news • conference here yesterday he was determined to tackle the job as counsel "as dispassionately as I can," without any "partisanship," No Stand Asked whether he had ever taken a stand on "McCarthy or McCarthyism," he told the reporters: "Not publicly, and not privately." Sen. Mundt (R-SD), who will preside at the televised public hearings, said Sears had given similar assurances at a closed meeting at which he .agreed to take the post. So did other subcommittee members. Potter told reporters he had "no reason to doubt" that Sears would be impartial. But he said the public is entitled to renewed assurances because of reports that Sears had in the past'made statements praising McCarthy's fight against communism, which Potter said were not mentioned in yesterday's discussions with him. Boston newspaper files showed that Sears hailed McCarthy's reelection in November 1952 and said in a statement that the Wisconsin senator "has done a great job arid he will continue to do so as he drives the 'pinks and commies' out of government." The Harvard Crimson, student- edited daily at the university, quoted Sears on Nov. 12, 1952, as eaying he tried to raise^tnoney to help McCarthy's campaign for reelection, to counter an anti-McCarthy fund drive by several Harvard professors. The Crimson said Sears told it in an interview that "I chased the senator all over Wisconsin trying to start a fund drive," and that "I felt that attempts to defeat Sen. McCarthy are ill-advised . . . There would undoubtedly be 200 more Communists in the government if it weren't for McCarthy." ADA Comments The Crimson also quoted Sears as saying McCarthy's defeat would have been a "blow to the welfare of the United States," and that "the senator has done a great job and will continue to do so. He won't sleep on the job." Americans for Democratic Action, an organization which generally supports the policies of the New Deal and "Fair Deal," said of Sears' selection: "The integrity of the Senate has been jeopardized by this obvious first step to whitewash Sen. McCarthy. Mr. Sears'' public record of praise and support of McCarthy disqualifies him on grounds of both ethics and objectivity." In New York, an aide said McCarthy would have no comment now on Sears' selection. The senator was said to be under medical treatment for virus laryngitis. In announcing Sears' selection See MCCARTHY on Paje 12 Late Bulletin— WASHINGTON MB — Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Foroe chief of staff from 1948 until his retirement from service last June, died today. He was 55. Death came at 1:05 p.m. "EST. Ins/eft Today's Courier News . . . Morning Odds Show Olson 2-1 Favorite to Retain Middleweight Crown Affcintt Gavilan . . . Topping: Lashes Out at Complacency of Tanks . . . Sports . . . Sports „ . . Page 5 ... . . . After Two Drought Years, Farmers Eye Irrigation . . . Farm News and Review ... Pages 7, 8 and 9 ... . . . Texas Oilmen Predict Land Rush When Off Shore Oil Leases Sold . . . One <rf a Series on The Nation's Basins* . . . Page 1 . . . . . . This Senate Seems AfraM of Its Own Committees . . . Editorials . . . Page 4 ... HYDROGEN FIREBALL OVER PACIFIC — The fireball of the test hydrogen explosion set off in -the Pacific proving area in the fall of 1952. the largest produced up to that time, spreads out 3 Vi miles over the ocean at its base. The government, in releasing this photo, did not say from' what distance it was made. (U. S .Air Force Photo via AP VVirephoto) Reds Renew Atomic Ban Demands Vietminh Troops Mount Huge Offensive; Capture Outpost Statehood Bill Faces Opposition in House WASHINGTON (AP) — Hawaii and Alaska, fresh from a Senate triumph, headed toward a new obstacle today in LONDON (AP) — Moscow radio said today the hydrogen bomb has increased the need!kept an Alaska statehood proposal their quest for statehood. The Senate yesterday rebuffed efforts of opponents to sidetrack a bill to admit both territories as suites and passed it 57-28. But, some lawmakers, predicting trouble in. the House, felt the Senate victory mipht turn into an ironic April Fool's joke, Danper to the statehood bill in the House conies from the Senate's action, largely maneuvered by Democrats, tying in Alaska to what was originally a bill to admit only Hawaii. Some Alaska statehood advocates expressed hope President Eisenhower could be persuaded to lift his own and his party's objections, which had been based on the expressed ground that Alaska is not yet ready to become a state. Sen. Anderson CD-NM) said in an interview, "All he's got to do is inke his foot ,off Alaska and this bill will pass." GOP Leaders Oppose Alaska House Republican leaders already hnve nnnounced they do not favor inclusion of Alaska in the legislation. The Republican-dominated House Rules Committee has for an international ban on atomic warfare. The broadcast, quoting the Communist party organ Pravda. linked Russia's surprise March 31 bid to join NATO to "the fact that the destructive power of the atomic weapon is incessantly increasing and in - addition to this the hydrogen weapon has appeared whose power surpasses many times the power of the atomic weapon." y Russia has long clamored for An immediate ban on atomic weapons but has refused to agree to Western demands that it be bottled up for 10 months. In the past. Alaska has usually voted Democratic, Hawaii Republican. The House last summer passed a bill providing slatt'hood for Hawaii alone. The measure the Senate passed yesterday could go to conference between the two houses, but one member's objection from the House floor could block such handling except by action of the Rules Committee. Sen. Cordon (R-Qre), floor manager for the bill, said he does not BEFORE AND AFTER THE BLAST — These are before and after views of part of the Eniwetok Atoll AEC Pacific proving grounds, in the 1952 fall hydrogen blast. (Top) The large, light gray outline is the sea covered coral reef. The island Elugelab was the test site for the blast. (Bottom) There is only a black hole, indicated by arrow at left, which once was the island Elugelab, after the blast. The water-filled crater is about a mile in diameter. Sloping down to a maximum of 175 feet. Four other islands are identified in the reef formation. (U. S. Air Force Photo vi aAP Wire- photo) (See Other Pictures on Page 12.) H-Bomb Is Appalling Warning, Eden Says BELFAST, Northern Ireland (AP) — British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden said today the hydrogen bomb "represents an appalling warning to any who, should contemplate aggression." He told 3,000 delegates of the * Ulster Unionist Assn: "We are engaged on a worldwide and often disappointing struggle for peace. This labor has a pecial meaning when we think of h efrightful consequences of atom- c war. "None can tell what will be the ate of mankind if means cannot e found by the two great opposing egments of the world to live together side by side. The nations euld certainly destroy themselves. "hese prospects are enough to launt and dismay us. "War" has always been merciless and the advent of more terrible weapons does not alter the nature f the problem of peace. "In our day, the atomic weapon cted as a deterrent to war. The ydrogen weapon likewise repre- ents .an appalling warning to any vho should contemplate aggres- ion." Eden said Britain always stands eady to discuss arms agreements overing both conventional and nu- lear weapons alike. But, he in- isted, "all must be dealt with to- ether." V^issco 7th Cotton Producer in U. S. LITTLE ROCK UR — Mississippi Bounty was the seventh highest otton-producing county in the nation during 1953. The U. S. Department of Commerce said today that 231,453 bales of cotton were ginned in that Northeast Arkansas county last year. Kern County, Calif., was the leading cotton producer with 505, 594 bales. Crittenden County was ranked 20th with 118,670 bales ginned, and Craighead County was 24th with 108,M« Imfes. Bring Little Buying Change WASHINGTON {.*) — Price cuts which took effect yesterday as a result of lowered excise taxes — ranging from pennies on most items to hundreds of dollars on expensive furs—brought no marked buying surge. A national sampling of opinion by The Associated Press showed that merchants generally expected the sales tax cuts on hundreds of items to spur buying in the coming weeks. But most of them said there had been no noticeable reaction the first day. On many items, the retail prices still had not been changed. That is because the tax on those items is levied nt the manufacturers' level, and merchants generally had not been told how much their prices would be cut. Many said it would be a week or more before all their price tags fully reflected the tax cuts. But on such things as furs and jewelry, the tax at the retail level dropped immediately. Butter prjces dropped too yesterday, in the wake of an order by Secretary of Agriculture Benson reducing the level at which the government supports the price. The cut was about 8 cents on top grades. In some cities, the initial drop was 5 cents ft pound or even less. But in many it ranged around 10 cents and in San Francisco as high as 18, Butter prices varied regionally, with the general range from t cotton, to W ceofe. preceded by establishment of an! know whether the House would accept the tandem bill but he passed bills to give each territory statehood. He said he plans to press the White House for endorsement of the legislation, adding: "I didn't do all this work for nothing." Commonwealth Plan Rejected Cordon and Anderson, along with Senators Butler (R-Neb). Millikin (R-Colo) and Murray (D-MonU, were named as Senate conferees on the bill. Thirty - three Republicans. 23 Democrats and 1 independent joined forces in passing the bill over the opposition of 9 Republicans and 19 Democrats. The final vote came after the Senate rejected 60-24 a proposal that commonweaitn status be substituted for statehood, and turned back 59-26 an amendment which would have required voters of Alaska and Hawaii to choose between state and commonwealth status. Under the bill as passed by the Senate, Hawaii and Alaska upon becoming states would be entitled effective system of inspection to ensure compliance. "Standstill" Asked In Asia, Indian Prime Minister Nehru called on the United States and Russia for an immediate "standstill" on hydrogen bomb explosions pending progress toward elimination of mass destruction weapons. In a speech to the lower house of the Indian Parliament, he also demanded an immediate meeting of the long-deadlocked U. N. Disarmament Commission on the question. In anxious Britain, Prime Minister Churchill called a Cabinet meeting for Monday at which the government will decide itasttitude toward a labor party motion urging an immediate high-level conference between Britain, the United States and Russia. The Laborites believe such a conference should discuss a reduction and control of armaments. The Churchill government is believed ready to go along on the principle of such a meeting but is undecided on the advisability of calling it right now. Little Editorial Comment Churchill has repeatedly said he still wants an informal get-together of world leaders to ease tension— but at the proper time. He will address the House of Commons Monday on perils and problems of the H-bomb. In Western Europe, newspapers gave photographs of the 1952 U. S. H-bomb explosion precedence over written descriptions. German newspapers Most West shoved the pictures and stories inside or on See REDS on Pagre 12 faubus to Enter Race LITTLE ROCK UP) — Huntsville newspaperman Orvil Fa bus is ex- he will seek the Democratic nomination for governor of Arkansas. He told newsmen today that he will make his intentions known at a news conference at 3 p. m. tomorrow. lo two senators each. In addition, Hawaii would have two voting; representatives in the House and Alaska one. The House bill provided only one representative for Hawaii. f French Strike Back With Counterattack HANOI. Indochina (AP) -— Thousands of fresh Vietminh troops smashed into a French outpost about a mile northwest of the center of besieged Dien Bien Phu today and the French launched a heavy counterattack, supported by tanks in an attempt to regain the position. Other rebel forces crashed nt the j in a French Union fortress from the, while southeast in a g-jgsuUic pincers movement aimed at the heart of the bastion. The French high command in Hanoi -snicl the Viet.rninh. throwing Where In Blytheville Is This? No, this sign Isn't located In Memphis — It's right here In Blytheville. Although it bears the name of one of the best-known streets in this part of the country, do you know where its Blytheville counterpart is located? For the answer, see Page 12, . In Middle East Turmoil — UN Action Sought By Arab Delegates UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Arab delegates pressed today for an urgent U. N. Security Council meeting to bring Israel to task for the latest border killings in neiglv boring Jordan. Israel quickly branded the move an "effort to cover up Jordanion guilt" by spotlighting isolated cases. Lebanon, sole Arab member of armistice commission to return the the ll-nation council, called formally last night for n heaving on the raid last Sunday night on the Jordanian village of Nnhaliri in which nine Arabs were killed. Lebanon said it was acting: on behalf of Jordan, which is not a member of the U.N, Meanwhile, Western delegations studied the possibility of a broader hearing: on the whole worsening situation in Palestine. Letter Sent The latest Arab demand for action in the U.N. was made in a letter from Lebanese Delegate Ewdard A. Rizk to Russia's Andrei Y. Vishinsky, president of the Security Council this month. Rizk said he hoped the council would take, up the matter next week. The Lebanese letter followed a complaint by Jordan's Foreign Minister Hussein F. K h a lidi Wednesday to U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold asking for "drastic and efficient action" immediately to prevent any more Israeli raids on Jordan. In Palestine, tension continued to mount all along Israel's borders with her Arab neighbors. New Protests The Jewish nation voiced new Drotests yesterday against Egypt, charging- that Egyptians fired across the border at an Israeli patrol and that they were holding an Israeli soldier illegally. Egypt, claiming the soldier was arrested inside its territory, has rejected an order by the U.N. sponsored joint Israeli-Egyptian man. The Egyptians snid they would appeal the order in accordance with the provisions of Egypt's armistice with Israel. In the border shooting incident, no casualties were reported. H. H. Howard $125,000 Industrial Fund Drive Eyed; Phillips Named Chairman Groundwork for beginning a $125,000 drive to house a new industry for Blytheville was laid this morning when a special Chamber of Commerce finance committee named Russell Phillips as ite chairman. Members of the nine-man committee met in the Chamber's ofn«s this ' morning and released this statement: "Plans are being made to -give Russia,Romania Sign Pact VIENNA, Austria (* - - Romania and the 'Soviet Union have concluded a trade agreement, Bucharest radio reported. Romania wW enport oH product*, timber, cement, machine* and other goods in exchange for Russian mineral products, art cars, the people of Blytheville full knowledge of the plan (for erecting the building). This will include details of how the money will be raised and what the industry will mean to Blytheville." This announcement will be forthcoming early next week, possibly Monday. Spokesmen for the committee said today at noon that stock certificates are to be issued to persons contributing to 'the fund. Tentative plans, they pointed out, call for raising half the money necessary to erect the building. This would mean about a $125,000 drive locally. Meanwhile, the Chamber's industrial committee, headed by E. B. Thomas, will continue working oil details regarding actual construction of the building to the firm's specifications. Other finance committee members are Dr. J. C. Guard, W. P. Pryor, James Terry, Jesse Taylor, Alvin Huffman, Jr., John Caudill, Russell Howard to Run For Legislature Lcachville Man To Oppose Fleeman For Representative K. H. (Buddy) Howard of Leachville today announced that he will be a candidate for state representative in this summer's Democrtaic primaries. He is seeking the post now held by Rep. E. C. Fleeman of Manila. . Mr. Howard, 42, is a native of Leachville and is owner and manager of Howard Funeral Service there. A graduate of Leachville High School, he attended Gupton-Jones, and Vanderbilt Universities. He is now serving his fifth term as persident of the Leachville Chamber of Commerce,, which he reactivated four years ago. In 1952 Leachville won first place in its population category in the Community Accomplishment contest sonsored by the Resources and Development Commission and the Arkansas-Economic Council-State chamber of Commerce. He was elected "Man of the Year" for 1952. Married and the father of two children, Mr. Howard is a Methodist and past master of the Leftch- vllle Masonic I/odgt, About ft month ago, he was appointed by Gov, Francis Cherry to the State Burial division on the northwest two others attacked the southeast and cast, overran two outposts iu the northwest sector but a French counterattack drove the rebels from one of these. Another counterattack was under wny to th»w them out of the other, the Fr:^-jh reported. "Heavy Losses" The high command said the rebels were suffering "heavy lo.sses" in their wild charges at the barbed wire barricades of the hill-encircled fortress -175 miles west of Hanoi. There was savage hand-to-hjuid fighting ius the French forces repeatedly beat back the rebels trying to break through into the plain's headquarters center. As the second major Vietminh attempt to overwhelm Dien Bien Phu raged on into its third day, the fighting was so furious the French had no chance L to estimate the losses on either side. They had said earlier that the rebels lost some 2,000 of their estimated 40,000 attackers in the first 48 hours. The attack on the northwest was the first in that sector of the current drive on the French fortress, though the rebels in their first mass frontal attack en the plain three weeks ago had taken two posts in the center of the northern defense perimeter. Three Onipouti Lost In the' current attack, until today, they had kept a division of some 10,000 men poised on the plain's western fringes while two other divisions attacked repeatedly on the-east and southeast. The French 'admitted last night they had lost three' eastern outposts but said the heart and main arterie'S of the bastion werr-»till iutnct. Fighting raged in that sector off and on throughout yesterday as the black - clad rebels, armed with containers of ghl -xeh plosive,, rushed through withering machine - gun fire to the barbed wire barricades. The desperate French Unioa forces—French. North African*, Vietnamese, Thai tribesmen and Foreign Legionnaires—fought hand to hand with those who broke thorugh the fire. The French hit bnck also with six tank-led counterattacks into enemy hill positions around Dien Bien Phu. Despite the violent attacks, the garrison commander, Col. Christian de Castries, radioed army headquarters in Hanoi last night that his troops' morale was high and he believed they could hold on although outnumbered 4-1. Reinforcements Sought (In Paris, the French press agency reported that De Castries had appealed for more reinforcements.) Strong winds and Vietminh antiaircraft fire made it difficult yesterday for French planes to swoop See INDOCHINA on Page 12 Polio Vaccine Results Due Only After 'Season' Results of this year's field trials of the SaLfc polio vaccine will be known only after the 1954 polio "season" is over.' Elbert Johnson, county March of Dimes chairman, told Blytheville Rotarians yesterday. Mr. Johnson pointed out that tha vaccine has been tested in Pittsburgh, but that, no second-grader will be given the vaccine without written consent of his parents. Vaccinations in Mississippi County are to begin the final week in April. Dr. James C- Guard, Bill Lawshe, and J. W. Adams reported to the club on the recent convention of Sectary District 200 in Memphis. ARKANSAS — Generally fair and warmer this afternoon and tonight; Saturday mostly cloudy urning colder north. MISSOURI — Cold wave north- vest and extreme north; fair and warmer this afternoon; cloudy and urning colder north tonight with cold wave northwest; partly cloudy with little change in temperature n south. Maximum yesterday—58. Minimum thl« morning—31. Sunset today—6:22. Sunrise tomorrow—5:45. Mean temperature (mldwtf bttiw** ilgh and low—45. •' Precipitation I*it 24 hour* »* 7:0* .m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to d**—MJr. Till* Date Utt Y«*r Maximum yesterday—(J5. Minimum yesterday—49. Precipitation January 1 I* «*••— I.W. _ ,

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