Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on May 17, 1973 · Page 12
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 12

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Thursday, May 17, 1973
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Page 12
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12 (Salisbuffl ReQistef-MQil, GqlesburQ, III. Thursdoy, May 17, 1973 French Face Chorus of Protests Over Plans for ific Nuclear Tests By PHfL NEWSOM United Press International New Zealand is thinking of sending a naval vessel into the Foreign News Commentary area of the French nuclear testing site on the Pacific island of Mururoa. Australia and New Zealand have taken to the International Court of Justice their case against French plans to conduct at a still-secret date another series of nuclear tests on the tiny atoll 800 miles south of Tahiti. The population of French New Caledonia has started stockpiling food for fear of a threatened (boycott by Australia and New Zealand, their chief suppliers. I And that is just part of the political fallout swirling over France as she seeks to. perfect the nuclear arms program proclaimed by the late President Charles de Gaulle to make France independent both in defense and foreign policy. Protest Chorus Rises France exploded her first atomic device over the Sahara Desert on Feb. 13, 1960. | Since then, to a rising chorus of protests, she has exploded two dozen experimental devices ranging from atomic fission bombs to the hydrogen bombs which eventually will be carried aboard the nuclear sub marines, Redoubtable and the Terrible, and go into hardened silos in central France. Besides Australia and New Maori 'Militancy 9 Simmers Under New Zealand Calm By DICK KLEINER ROTORUA, New Zealand (NEA) —This city of nearly 40,000 on New Zealand's North Island is the center of the Maoris, the New Zealand natives. And it is, thus, the center of something brand new—Maori militancy. Second to a Series Heretofore, New Zealand could brag, with justice, that it had less problems with natives than any other former colonial nation. On the surface, that still seems true. There is no overt prejudice. The Maoris (the word rhymes with "flowery") seem to have been assimilated perfectly into industrialized New Zealand life. You ' see them on the streets, working in shops and hotels. There are Maori doctors and lawyers, two Maoris are members of the present cabinet, Maoris are stewards and stewardesses on almost every Air New Zealand flight. BUT PROBE a little and you'll find a growing dissatisfaction, particularly among the younger Maoris. They admit this dates. almost precisely from when the American blacks began their "black power" struggle and it has crossed the Pacific Ocean. The Maoris seem, however, to be looking for issues. There is no discrimination, apparently, and they admit it. Intermarriage is common and accepted by all. Maoris can go anywhere they want, compete on equal terms for jobs, belong to clubs, eat at any , restaurant. The issues, such as they are, are over language and name-calling. The Maori language had all but disappeared — it was an endangered language. The militants now are agitating for compulsory teaching of the Maori language in elementary schools. "OUR BIG problem is language," says Mere Waretini, a beautiful Maori girl who serves as a guide through the Maori village here. "We New Zealand's Maoris are best known for their traditional dances, but they are moving Native Dance increasingly into urbanized life. UNIFAX want it taught in schools, but some pakehas (whites) oppose us." She admits there is no discrimination in New Zealand. She has four sisters—and all married pakehas. Louise Paaka, who doesn't use her real Maori given name, which is Rangitamoe (The Sleeping Sky), is a college graduate and a secretary. She says she has never experienced any discrimination but she is at the forefront of the young militant movement. "THE MAORIS are not an ambitious people," she says. "We live for today. Because of that, the pakehas call us lazy and shiftless." Miss Paaka says the big issue, as far as she is concerned, is the name-calling— use of "hori," "lazy," or "shiftless" to describe Maoris. The problem does go deeper, however, and Maori leaders recognize that it is really economic. Jobs are getting scarce; unemployment, though comparatively low, is at its highest point in years. The Maoris contend that if a pa- keha and a Maori are out for the same job, odds are the pakeha will get it. THIS PROBLEM is being compounded by the influx of natives from islands in the South Pacific — Cook, Niue and Tokelau — which are New Zealand territory. They are New Zealand citizens and can enter freely. They are entering by the hundreds, competing for jobs and thereby increasing tensions. The New Zealanders call them "coconuts," and there is what amounts to a ghetto in Auckland where they congregate. For many decades, the Maoris have seemed to be the ideally assimilated native group. But that is changing —and New Zealand blames American race tensions for spoiling their paradise. Zealand, protests also have come from Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador in South America; from the tiny Pacific nation of Fiji, and from Japan. The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, with a membership of 52 million, has threatened gldbal strike action against France. Similar threats have come from the Commu nist-led World Federation of Trade Unions. Peru, Australia and New Zealand have suggested a break in diplomatic relations with France is Hot an impossibility. | French Mirage fighter planes are integral parts of the! Peruvian" and Australian de fense systems. Australia and New Zealand want French goodwill in trade involving the European Common Market. France and Australia are partners in a project to develop nuclear power from Australian uranium. All this has been embarrass­ ing to France but has not deterred it. The French point out that between them, the United States and Soviet Union carried out more than 300 atomic tests in the atmosphere, and fail now to understand why the world should get so excited now about two dozen French tests. (NEXT: The Good Ofe in New, Zealand) There is a New Zealand ¥> • f TI j A • equivalent of the derogatory HUSUIQ lSSUC t l(ireS AgaMl American term "nigger." (Continued From Page 8) Prejudiced New Zealanders call the Maoris "hori." Actu- schools the second year, citing ally, that's the Maori name financial and other reasons, for George. School officials are still CYCLE THRU SPRING GREAT PantS Over 2000 Dress and Jean. Waist Sizes Start 27 Inseams to 36 inches. Sportcoats in All The New Spring & Summer Colors. And at a Price You Will Like. DYNAMITE su* Over 1500 to Choose From Remember Gals-We Can Fit You Too WIN "LOOK FOR THE BIG RED & WHITE AWNING Be Sure To Register For Two-5 Speed- Schwinn Bicycles — One For A Guy and One For A Gal - To Be Given Away. No Purchase Necessary. James Patrick MENS WEAR 33 S. CHERRY ST. DOWNTOWN GALESBURG Across From Home Savings Just Off Main St. hopeful, he said, thait the enrollment picture will stabilize within the next year. Though school officials dispute Taylor's contention that there's a lack of discipline, the implementation of extensive busing has, if nothing else, reduced the options available for discipline. Dr. William Self, superintendent here from 1967 until last year and now a professor of education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, notes that students can no longer be kept after school for punishment, since in most cases they would have no transportation home if they miss their assigned bus. At least some of the discontent voiced by blacks- during the past two years has been about lack of buses—to take them to and from after school activities held at schools which are located in predominantly white suburbs. Participation of both black students and their parents in such activities has shown a marked increase since the local cities project made available funds for evening shuttle bus runs to events such as PTA meetings. Some Success An administration Plan aimed at guaranteeing blacks representation on student governments, since they are in a minority in most of the system's more than 100 schools, also has met with limited |^ success, but continues to come in for criticism from both whites and blacks. Self, in a November speech to newsmen, said the busing came as an "uprooting storm," but added that the threats that came with it helped to unify teachers and staff "and brought with it a willingness to try instructional change." That change, however, is still being overshadowed by the busing controversy. No. Eleventh, and Final Advertisement, in a Series Devoted to Answering Any Questions You May Have Concerning Acquiring a Home Mortgage. CALL ON THE V us... Hot Line 342-9145 For Any Additional Questions You May Have About The Biggest Purchase You'll Ever Make 3 For Personal Help on Home Loons Visit With One of Our Friendly Loon Officers Or Call The Hot Line 342-9145 hi »- r Mi AND LOAN ASSOCIATION 50 EAST MAIN STREET GALESBURG, ILLINOIS PHONE 342-4145

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