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Horn* Pap** of 70 Communities Qalesburg Register-Mail Fair, Warmer Tonight Low 42-47 Sunny, Warm Friday High 75-80 A Better Neicapapcr VOLUME LXXXir — 117 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — THURSDAY, MAY 17, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS gate Inquiry Under Way in HI"" I,. I I" * ' ,! jLjj! UK j| 1 III RHIHIIII: J "IIIUIIIIIIIII ' "ii'iiiiinii * • j .i. flfllMlll' iiiiBinimm Senate Watergate Hearing Cook: Web of Circumstance WASHINGTON (UPI) -The fallout over Watergate has claimed another victim—Securi ties and Exchange Commission (SEC) Chairman G. Bradford Cook. Cook resigned Wednesday after only 10 weeks head s of the^ regulator?: agency arid ' ; a few days after a grand jury connected him with two ex administration Cabinet officials in an alleged scheme to fix a stock fraud case for financier Robert L. Vesco in return for a $200,000 cash contribution to President Nixon's xe-election campaign. Conspiracy Charges Conspiracy charges werej leveled last week against Vesco, former Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and former Commerce Secretary and reelection finance chief Maurice J. Stans. , No formal charges were pfafSed against Cook, who claimed Wednesday to be caught in "a web of circumstance" and denied aity wrongdoing in the matter. Nevertheless, Cook said the publicity jeopardized the effectiveness of the SEC so long as he remained chairman. Without directly mentioning Watergate, Cook told reporters, "everybody is focusing on what's badj ... that's an impossible situation for this agency." The 36-year-old Chicago law yer said he volunteered his resignation to the White House "I retain my complete confi dehce in our country, its institutions and, myself,".he said in a brief note to Nixon. ^h-onlc Twist ., There was ah ironic twist to the case. Although Mitchell and Stans*, with Cook's support, allegedly tried to take the heat off Vesco, the SEC last November returned one of the biggest fraud complaints in it's history against the New Jersey financier. WASHINGTON (UPI) - D« termined to "spare no one, whatever his station in life," a Senate committee today opened public hearings on the Watergate scandal that has shaken President Nixon's administration and led even some Republican senators to question his ability to govern. Sen. Sam J. Ervin, D-N.C, dropped the gavel on schedule at 10 a.m. EDT in the vaulted, marble Senate hearing room where the Teapot Dome scandal was aired half a century ago. First Inquiry As the committee began the first no-holds barred inquiry into the bugging of Democratic Party headquarters exactly 11 months ago, a Republican member said various disclosures about Watergate cast doubt on Nixon's ability to conduct international affairs. Ervin, the courtly, 76-year-old chairman of the special seven- man Senate committee set up Bug Prosecutor Search Thwarted For Second Time WASHINGTON (UPI) - A second top prospect for Watergate special prosecutor has rejected the post, and the Justice Department said today that Attorney General-designate Elliot L. Richardson was looking at additional possibilities. Former Deputy Attorney General Warren M. Christopher said today in Los Angeles that he had removed himself from consideration after talking with Richardson Wednesday. Christopher , said he was, "complimented to have been considered," but added that so far as he was concerned, the matter was closed. The two others were Colorado Supreme Court Justice William H. Erikson and retired New York Supreme Court Judge David W. Peck. to probe Watergate, asserted in his opening statement: "My colleagues on the committee and I are determined to uncover all the relevant facts surrounding these matters, and to spare no one, whatever his station in life may be, in our efforts to accomplish that goal." Through hard questioning of the first witness, former Nixon campaign official Robert C. Odle Jr., the committee quickly established tight White House control over the Committee for the ReElection of the President (CRP). Campaign Personnel Odle, who was director of administration for CRP, conceded that key campaign personnel were recruited from the White House staff in 1971 by then-Attorney General John N. Mitchell, later Nixon's campaign manager, and by H. R. "Bob" Haldeman, the powerful White House chief of staff who resigned two weeks ago. Both Haldeman and Mitchell are known to be targets of a renewed grand jury probe into the Watergate bugging and the alleged White House effort to hush up the scandal. Odle said Haldeman had "no official relationship" with the campaign, but had "eyes and ears" keeping track of everything that was going on in the person of Gordon Strachan, a former White House aide who also has been linked to Watergate and who recently resigned a high government job. "Is it not true that the committee was solely under the control of the President and his top White House staff?" asked Sen. Herman E. Talmadge, D- Ga. j Not satisfied with Odle's response that there was "cooperation" with the White House, Talmadge pressed on, asking if CRP had not been "set up, organized and directed by the White House." "Those at the White House had influence over the committee," Odle replied. "There was no doubt where the ultimate authority in that committee lay?" Talmadge demanded. "No, sir," Odle replied. Lay Groundwork Two of the men convicted for the Watergate raid were CRP officials and a third had been a White House consultant. The committee apparently was trying to lay groundwork from the outset linking high White House officials to the political spy plot. Odle said Haldeman "had an interest, wilhout any question" in decisions about campaign advertising and was more interested in that and in political polling than in other areas. Ervin, speaking slowly and clearly in his opening statement, said: Grave Atmosphere "We are beginning these hearings today in an atmos phere of the utmost gravity. If the many allegations made to this date are true, then the burglars who broke into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate were in effect breaking into the home of every citizen of the United States. "And if these allegations prove to be true, what they were seeking to steal was not the jewels, money or the property of American citizens, but something much more valuable—their most precious heritage, the right to vote in a free election." 200 Spectators More than 200 would-be spectators crowded the marble steps of the Old Senate Office Building hours before the hearings began, waiting in the cool and sunny morning for the doors to open. Under the glare of hot lights See 'Senate'- (Continued on Page 11) .•--'"""'ifljiiljihliiii..,,.:,. ...•HP')", '"lliiiijf'i!;,!!^ 1 ' ' , viiln'f ill*' Hawks and Doves Want War Ended WASHINGTON (UPI) Gaunt after months of an exhausting trial, Daniel Ellsberg walked into the hearing room of a Senate government operations subcommittee Wednesday carrying a briefcase bulging with files and papers concerning bis case. Speaking without a prepared statement or any notes, he told Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, who chaired the hearings on government secrecy, that lying and secrecy had become almost "a way of life" in government. Tells Story of Wrongdoers Ellsberg said that while he was writing the history of the Vietnam War for the Pentagon, he knew that two Cabinet members in President Lyndon B. Johnson's administration- Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara—lied to two Senate committees about the war. "I was wrong then to have kept my mouth shut," he said. Ellsberg did not back up his charge with specifics. He accused the Justice Department of a scheme to link up the Pentagon Papers with Muskie's presidential candidacy last year. Ellsberg said Robert G. Mardian, then assistant attorney general, headed a "task force" to find evidence that persons in the Muskie camp had something to do with his publication of the Pentagon Papers. Ellsberg did not cite details of just what the task force did, or tried to do, but he said the project was eventually dropped. Half way through the hearing, Sen. Strom Thurmond, R-S.C, asked that Ellsberg be sworn in. Thurmond asked Ellsberg to give the subcommittee the names of everyone he gave copies of the Pentagon Papers to, but Ellsberg refused. "For me to give you those names would be for me to give them to Mr. Mitchell's successors," Ellsberg said, referring to former Attorney General John N. Mitchell. Committee Chairman Chairman Sam J. Ervin Jr., D-N. C, banged the gavel to signal that his Select Senate Watergate Committee could begin its investigation into the Watergate scandal. UNIFAX Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS 40 PAGES Abingdon 27Hospital Notes 11 Amusement 6 Bushnell - 24 Business News _. 10 Classified Ads 35-36-37-38-39 Comics-Radio 28 Editorial 4 Galva 24 Knoxville 27 Markets 30 Monmouth 29 Obituary 11 Sports 33-34 Weather 2 Women in the News 13-14-15 WASHINGTON (UPI) - "It's the same way we got into Vietnam years ago," said Sen. Edward J. Gurney, R-Fla. Sen. Hiram Fong, R-Hawaii, said: "The continued bombing of Cambodia will lead to more losses of American pilots and crew members, more American POWs and a possible recurrence of our sad experience in Vietnam." Sen. John McClellan, D-Ark. "I don't want Cambodia or Laos to become another Viet nam." Sen. Norris Cotton, R-N.H.: "As far as I'm concerned, I want to get the hell out of there as quickly as possible..." More aimless chirping from the dove roost? Another fruit less challenge by the Senate's antiwar bloc to President Nixon? , Rebellion in the Senate No, because Hiram Fong, John McClellan, Norris Cotton and Edward J. Gurney have been voting in Congress since the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin resolution to support the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. They have now publicly and openly broken with the President and have joined a coalition transcending ideological and partisan lines to demand an immediate cessation of the bombing of Cambodia and a final severing of the cords tying U.S. forces to Indochina. This new coalition of old hawks and old doves has already produced a 24 to 0 shutout in the Senate Appropriations Committee against President^Nixon's policies. It is now on the verge of handing the President a virtual ultimatum for U.S. disengagement. The White House, as it dispatched presidential envoy Henry Kissinger to Paris for another round of negotiations with the North Vietnamese on the battered cease - fire agreement, warned Wednesday that the committee's action to cut off funds for the war "could severely undermine prospects for success" of the negotiations. Press Secretary Ron Ziegler said the President was "very concerned." They Refuse to Retreat But even the staunchest administration loyalists refused o retreat. All that Nixon has been able to gain so far in the confrontation is a delay in a Senate vote on the issue until early June. That will at least permit Kissinger to talk to the North Vietnamese negotiator, Le Due Tho, without Congress "stripping him naked" —as Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., put it. This means no action can be aken until after the Senate returns from its May 29 Memorial Day recess. Two Giant Awnings Being Readied For Skylab Station Repair Mission BULLETIN HOUSTON (UPI) - With Skylab's cabin safely cooling, the space agency today decided to postpone the launch of its first three pilots until May 25 to give them time to carry up a giant awning to shade the earth-orbiting space station. Skylab Watchdog The North American Air Defense Command's Space Defense Center inside Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado Springs, Colo., is keeping a watch on Skylab as it circles the earth. Col. Bernard J. Szczutkowski Jr., center director, checks the progress of the spaceship by following its orbital paths charted on the display scope. The center receives reports from a global satellite detection and tracking system and can display information on a satellite's present position as well as where it will be on successive orbits. UNIFAX HOUSTON (UPI) - Skylab's cabin cooled to a 90 to 105 degree range today and the space agency stepped up work on two giant awnings to shade the orbiting lab from the sun and let it become home for nine men this year. The current plan is to dispatch astronauts Charles "Pete" Conrad, Joseph P. Kerwin and Paul J. Weitz on the unprecedented space repair mission Sunday. But project officials said they may wait until May 25. Geor-ge B. Hardy, chief of system engineering at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Hunlsville. Ala., said a decision on a launch date for the Skylab crew may be made by early Friday. During the night, he said, temperatures inside the main living areas of the space station dropped from 109 to 90 and 105 degrees because the ship had been turned so the main body was not directly facing the sun. "We are getting our temperatures down," he told reporters at the Johnson Space Center in Houston. "This would indicate at this point in time that we have no serious or major problems in that area right now." Engineers are designing two different shades to replace the meteoroid shield that should have protected Skylab from the sun. One shade would be unrolled like a giant moyie screen during a spacewalk. The other would be unfurled in sail fashion by an astronaut standing in an open hatch- as the command ship maneuvered around the big space stalion 270 miles from earth. Hardy said it was possible both types of awnings would be carried into space by Conrad and his crewmen. The decision on which to use would then be left up to Conrad, the mission commander and a three-time spaceflight veteran. The awnings would be made out of a large sheet of plastic material coated with a special metallic compound. Skylab Director William C. Schneider said a final go-no go decision on a Sunday launch would be made by Saturday. The launch team prepared to start the countdown at Cape Kennedy tonight in case the decision is to launch Sunday. The fate of Skylab—America's first space station- depends on the astronauts' ability to erect the sunshade. Without protection from the (sun, Skylab would be unlivable. It lost its own solar protection when a meteoroid shield ripped off shortly after launch Monday. That accident also jammed the ship's big solar wings and cut its power supply by half. The ovehreating, however, quickly became the No. 1 concern. Until late Wednesday, officials were not sure they would be able to keep Skylab from becoming so hot it would be ruined. Flight director Chuck Lewis reported that the 118-foot space station had been jockeyed about so the sun does not beat directly onto the crew quarters yet still feeds enough energy to the ship '9 four working panels that convert sunlight into electricity. Temperatures inside Skylab at one time reached 190 degrees. By late Wednesday, they were down to an average of 110 degrees and, for the first time, had stabilized. The sizzling temperatures ruined half the medicine and some film aboard Skylab but officials said it could be replaced. "I personally am very confident we can manage the vehicle until we get a crew up there," Lewis told reporters in Houston. "I think there will be no problem if we want to wait anoither 5 or 10 days before we launch a crew." Skyl/ab also carries provisions for two more three-man crews to fly 5(5-day missions. Schneider said there was a chance those flights could proceed too.